DETAILED WORK PROGRAMME ON THE FOLLOW-UP OF THE OBJECTIVES OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING SYSTEMS IN EUROPE

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1 DETAILED WORK PROGRAMME ON THE FOLLOW-UP OF THE OBJECTIVES OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING SYSTEMS IN EUROPE 1

2 TABLE OF CONTTS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY page 4 1 Introduction page 6 2 Education and training, a key priority domain in the Lisbon strategy page 7 3 Pursuing ambitious but realistic goals page 10 4 The way ahead: applying the Open Method of Coordination to education and training page 11 5 A single comprehensive strategy for education and training page 12 6 Opening up the process to other European countries page 13 DETAILED WORK PROGRAMME FOR THE IMPLEMTATION OF THE 13 OBJECTIVES page 14 Strategic objective 1: IMPROVING THE QUALITY AND EFFECTIVESS OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING SYSTEMS IN THE EU page Improving education and training for teachers and trainers page Developing skills for the knowledge society page Ensuring access to ICT for everyone page Increasing recruitment to scientific and technical studies page Making the best use of resources page 25 Strategic objective 2: FACILITATING THE ACCESS OF ALL TO EDUCATION AND TRAINING SYSTEMS page Open learning environment page Making learning more attractive page Supporting active citizenship, equal opportunities and social cohesion page 31 Strategic objective 3: OPING UP EDUCATION AND TRAINING SYSTEMS TO THE WIDER WORLD page Strengthening the links with working life and research and society at large page Developing the spirit of enterprise page Improving foreign language learning page Increasing mobility and exchange page Strengthening the European co-operation page 42 TIMETABLE TO START FOLLOW-UP WORK FOR OBJECTIVES page 44 TABLE: Model to be used in the follow-up of quantitative indicators page 45 ILLUSTRATIVE STATISTICAL DATA page 46 2

3 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Political Cooperation on the Future Objectives of Education and Training Systems in Europe Policy cooperation in education and training is gaining momentum in the EU with the approval of the work programme on the future objectives of education and training systems on 14 February. It focuses on the following three strategic objectives, which are broken down into 13 associated objectives: - improving the quality and effectiveness of education and training systems in the EU; - facilitating the access of all to education and training systems - opening-up education and training systems to the wider world. Policy advances in education and training cooperation have a decisive contribution to make to the success of the Lisbon strategy, as has been acknowledged in the Commission s Synthesis Report forwarded to the Barcelona European Council. The broader mission of education and training systems must continue to be recognised in order to secure their full contribution to the Lisbon goals and the crucial support needed from educators and society as a whole. In view of this the Council and the Commission jointly request that the Education and Training Area now be explicitly recognised as a key priority domain in the Lisbon strategy. The Council and the Commission underline their determination to provide a comprehensive response to the challenges of the knowledge society, globalisation and the enlargement of the EU, and therefore set themselves ambitious but realistic goals. For the benefit of citizens and the Union as a whole the following should be achieved in education and training by 2010: - the highest quality will be achieved in education and training and Europe will be recognised as a world-wide reference for the quality and relevance of its education and training systems and institutions; 3

4 - education and training systems in Europe will be compatible enough to allow citizens to move between them and to take advantage of their diversity; - holders of qualifications, knowledge and skills acquired anywhere in the EU will be able to get them effectively validated throughout the Union for the purpose of career and further learning; - Europeans, at all ages, will have access to lifelong learning; - Europe will be open to cooperation for mutual benefits with all other regions and should be the most-favoured destination of students, scholars and researchers from other world regions. The work on those three objectives dealing with new basic skills, information technologies and mathematics, science and technology has already started, and action will be launched for all other objectives no later than Achieving the agreed objectives will draw on policy cooperation using the new Open Method of Coordination in order to enhance the value added of European action, in accordance with Articles 149 and 150 of the Treaty. This is based on the identification of shared concerns and objectives, the spreading of good practice and the measurement of progress through agreed instruments, comparing achievements both between European countries and with the rest of the world. Arrangements for the effective participation of Candidate Countries will be worked out at the next informal meeting of Education Ministers from EU and candidate countries in June 2002 in Bratislava. The Council (Education) in cooperation with the Commission will assure the responsibility for steering and monitoring the strategy as a whole. They plan to send their next joint report to the European Council in o o o 4

5 Joint report by the Council and the Commission to the Barcelona European Council 1. Introduction 1.1 At its meeting in Lisbon in March 2000, the European Council acknowledged that the European Union was confronted with a quantum shift resulting from globalisation and the knowledge-driven economy and agreed a strategic target for 2010: to become the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based economy in the world, capable of sustainable economic growth with more and better jobs and greater social cohesion. Stressing that these changes require not only a radical transformation of the European economy, but also a challenging programme for the modernisation of social welfare and education systems the European Council at the same time asked the Education Council to undertake a general reflection on the concrete objectives of education systems, focusing on common concerns while respecting national diversity, with a view to contributing to the Luxembourg and Cardiff processes and presenting a broader report to the European Council in the Spring of The Report on the future concrete objectives of education and training systems was presented to the Stockholm European Council in March It sets out the following 3 strategic objectives that were agreed and refines them into 13 associated objectives: - improving the quality and effectiveness of education and training systems in the EU; - facilitating the access of all to education and training systems; - opening up education and training systems to the wider world. 5

6 The Stockholm Conclusions requested that the follow-up work on the future objectives of education and training systems be pursued and a work programme be submitted to the spring 2002 European Council, including an assessment of their achievement in the framework of the open method of coordination and in a world-wide perspective. 1.3 The attached Detailed Work Programme was jointly adopted by the Council and the Commission on 14 February It sets out the key issues that need to be addressed in order to achieve the 3 strategic objectives and their 13 associated objectives that have been agreed. It addresses various elements and levels of education and training, from basic skills to vocational and higher education having particular regard to the principle of lifelong learning. It identifies the main instruments that will be used for measuring progress, comparing Europe s achievements both internally and with other world regions. 1.4 On this basis, the Council (Education) and the Commission jointly submit the present report to the European Council meeting in Barcelona in March It stresses the essential role of education and training in enhancing the level of qualification of people in Europe and hence in meeting not only the Lisbon challenge, but also the broader needs of citizens and society. This joint report reflects the Council and the Commission s commitment to, and ambitions for Education and Training as a fundamental part of the European Knowledge Area. Finally, it sets out the way in which progress should be achieved, applying the Open Method of Coordination to education and training in accordance with Articles 149 and 150 of the Treaty (cf. Sections 4 and 5 below). 2. Education and training, a key priority domain in the Lisbon strategy 2.1 Since the Lisbon European Council two years ago numerous initiatives have been taken by Member States and at the European level and significant results have already been achieved in the fields of mobility, lifelong learning, professional, vocational and higher education, quality evaluation and assurance, e-learning and international cooperation. 6

7 In November 2001, following the wide-ranging consultation on lifelong learning, the Commission presented to the European Parliament and the Council a Communication establishing lifelong learning as a guiding principle for education and training and setting out concrete priority actions. The e-learning action plan is moving forward and two Forums dealing respectively with the transparency of vocational qualifications and the quality of vocational training have been established. The European Year of Languages in 2001 underlined the importance of linguistic diversity in education and training in Europe. The Bologna process for fostering the compatibility and attractiveness of European higher education moved forward at the Ministerial Conference in Prague in May 2001 and the Council (Education) sees it as supporting the work on future objectives of education and training systems in the EU context. The Communication on the strengthening of cooperation with third countries in higher education was presented to the Council and the European Parliament in September 2001 and the reflection on the crucial role of educational cooperation in general across political and cultural boundaries has been widening since then. The White Paper on Youth includes reflections on the role of formal as well as non-formal education. Finally the Commission has recently proposed an Action Plan based on the report of the High Level Task Force on Skills and Mobility set up after the Stockholm European Council Since the Lisbon European Council, all these events and initiatives show that the development of education and training systems in a lifelong learning and in a worldwide perspective has increasingly been acknowledged as a crucial factor for the future of Europe in the knowledge era. 2.3 While education and training systems need to change in view of the challenges of the knowledge society and globalisation, they pursue broader goals and have broader responsibilities to society. They play an important role in building up social cohesion, in preventing discrimination, exclusion, racism and xenophobia and hence in promoting tolerance and the respect for human rights. 7

8 The role of education and training systems in disseminating the fundamental values shared by European societies is stressed both in the Report on concrete future objectives of education and training systems and in the Communication on lifelong learning. Both documents also emphasise that the general goals attributed by society to education and training go beyond equipping Europeans for their professional life, in particular concerning their personal development for a better life and active citizenship in democratic societies respecting cultural and linguistic diversity. The Council (Education) and the Commission re-affirm that, notwithstanding their essential role in the Lisbon strategy, education and training are more than instruments for employability. Their broader mission must continue to be recognised in order to secure their full contribution to the Lisbon goals and the crucial support needed from the education and training community and from society as a whole. 2.4 The numerous events and initiatives taken in the area of education and training show its growing importance but their number, diversity and multiple links to other policies (in particular to the employment strategy and the strategy to fight social exclusion) have increased the need for greater strategic coherence. The Council and the Commission will focus their efforts on setting in place with this comprehensive Work Programme a consistent framework bringing such coherence to the various education and training policy strands in the European Community context. 2.5 The Council and the Commission request that an Education and Training Area now be explicitly recognised as a key priority domain in the Lisbon strategy. This would transmit the clear message that, however effective the policies in other areas, making the European Union the leading knowledge-based economy in the world will only be possible with the crucial contribution from education and training as factors of economic growth, innovation, sustainable employability and social cohesion. Ministers in charge of education and training acknowledge their responsibility in this process and re-affirm their determination to meet the challenge. 8

9 3. Pursuing ambitious but realistic goals 3.1 Beyond answering the invitation of the European Council to work on common objectives for education and training systems and to present a joint detailed work programme, the Council and the Commission are determined to take all initiatives required for a comprehensive response to the challenges of the knowledge society and globalisation, as well as of EU enlargement. 3.2 The Council and the Commission therefore set themselves ambitious but realistic goals which should also be shared by the countries joining the EU in the coming years. For the benefit of citizens and the Union as a whole the following should be achieved in education and training by 2010: 1) the highest quality will be achieved in education and training and Europe will be recognised as a world-wide reference for the quality and relevance of its education and training systems and institutions; 2) education and training systems in Europe will be compatible enough to allow citizens to move between them and take advantage of their diversity; 3) holders of qualifications, knowledge and skills acquired anywhere in the EU will be able to get them effectively validated throughout the Union for the purpose of career and further learning; 4) Europeans, at all ages, will have access to lifelong learning; 5) Europe will be open to cooperation for mutual benefits with all other regions and should be the most-favoured destination of students, scholars and researchers from other world regions. 9

10 4. The way ahead: applying the Open Method of Coordination to education and training 4.1 The new Open Method of Coordination will be applied as an instrument for the development of a coherent and comprehensive strategy in education and training within the framework of Articles 149 and 150 of the Treaty. The Lisbon Conclusions defined the Open Method of Coordination as a means of spreading best practice and achieving greater convergence towards the main EU goals and indicated that it would be a fully decentralised approach using variable forms of partnerships and designed to help Member States to develop their own policies progressively. The Open Method of Coordination will draw on tools such as indicators and benchmarks as well as on comparing best practice, periodic monitoring, evaluation and peer review etc. organised as mutual learning processes. 4.2 In the Detailed Work Programme the three strategic objectives are broken down into thirteen objectives and forty-two key issues reflecting the wide spectrum of areas related to education and training. The work on their implementation has already started for three objectives (those dealing with new basic skills, information technologies, mathematics, science and technology). It will begin during 2002 or 2003 for the other ten according to the agreed timetable. The work on all objectives will thus have been launched by The Open Method of Coordination will be used for each of these objectives thereby harnessing their European added value. It will be however applied in a differentiated way to the various objectives, drawing in each case on the most appropriate tools. This will make it possible to focus action and to use the limited financial and human resources available in the most efficient way. A monitoring of progress towards the objectives set will be ensured across the board, using in each case the most relevant quantitative and/or qualitative tools available. 10

11 5. A single comprehensive strategy for education and training 5.1 Within this framework of the Open Method of Coordination a single comprehensive strategy will be implemented as shown in the attached Detailed Work Programme It will consist of two main strands of activity : the work on common challenges aimed at supporting Member States in improving their own education and training systems, and efforts to release the potential of transnational activity in education and training. The implementation of the Work Programme will bring coherence to the various sectoral policies in education and training while respecting the input and the particular focus of each. Specific or new strands of action such as those proposed in the Commission s Communication on Lifelong Learning will not lead to the launching of a parallel coordination process but will, where relevant, be integrated into the framework of the 3 strategic and 13 objectives in the Work The implementation of the Detailed Work Programme will also be supported by European cooperation in other forms: Community programmes, action plans, visits of decision makers, comparative and prospective studies, statistical and other surveys, pilot projects, etc. Many of these build on and complement the work of other international organisations (such as the OECD and the Council of Europe), networks, cooperation schemes or pilot projects between Member States or with candidate countries (e.g. on sustainable professionalisation or basic skills.) Furthermore, synergy will be sought with other activities, in particular with those concerning the enhancement of transparency, recognition and quality assurance in all sectors of the education and training systems in the EU and with other sectors of EU activity such as research. 11

12 The same applies concerning activities carried out in a non EU context, like the Bologna process or the Lisbon Recognition Convention in the area of higher education The Council (Education) in cooperation with the Commission will steer and monitor the strategy and the implementation process as a whole in accordance with the Council conclusions of November 2001 on the follow-up to the Report on the concrete future objectives of education and training systems. A report on progress achieved will be submitted to the spring European Council of Opening up the process to other European countries The European Council meeting in Stockholm in March 2001 has already agreed that the Candidate Countries should be involved in the goals and procedures of the Lisbon strategy. Change and reform in education and training systems require a medium to long term perspective and it is necessary to start a dialogue in these fields without delay, not least because the Candidate Countries may in many areas contribute examples of good practice. Arrangements for their effective participation in this process will be worked out at the regular meeting of Education Ministers of the EU and the Candidate Countries scheduled in June 2002 in Bratislava. o o o 12

13 DETAILED WORK PROGRAMME FOR THE IMPLEMTATION OF THE 13 OBJECTIVES 13

14 Strategic objective 1 IMPROVING THE QUALITY AND EFFECTIVESS OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING SYSTEMS IN THE EU OBJECTIVE 1.1 IMPROVING EDUCATION AND TRAINING FOR TEACHERS AND TRAINERS Access to knowledge is of the highest importance in a knowledge society. Teachers and trainers are therefore key actors in any strategies targeted at stimulating the development of society and the economy. Attracting and retaining well qualified and motivated people in the teaching profession, which is faced with massive recruitment needs due to the ageing of the teaching population, is a short and medium term priority in most European countries. If Europe is to succeed in this objective, which is becoming more difficult across the continent as a whole, it must improve the ways in which teachers and trainers are supported as their role changes, and as public perceptions of them change; it must be supported by a general consensus, with those in the teaching and training professions, as to the skills which they all should have. A. Key issues 1. Identifying the skills that teachers and trainers should have, given their changing roles in knowledge society 2. Providing the conditions which adequately support teachers and trainers as they respond to the challenges of the knowledge society, including through initial and inservice training in the perspective of lifelong learning 3. Securing a sufficient level of entry to the teaching profession, across all subjects and levels, as well as providing for the long-term needs of the profession by making teaching and training even more attractive 4. Attracting recruits to teaching and training who have professional experience in other fields 14

15 B. Organisation of the follow-up a. Starting period: During 2002 (second stage) b. Indicators for measuring progress (Indicative list to be reviewed as appropriate): Shortage/surplus of qualified teachers and trainers on the labour market Progression in number of applicants for training programmes (teachers and trainers) Percentage of teachers and trainers who follow continuous professional training c. Themes for exchanging experience, good practice and, as appropriate, peer review (Indicative list): Evaluation of training programmes for teachers and trainers Conditions for becoming a teacher or trainer according to educational level Inclusion of the following subjects in study and training plans: ICT, foreign languages, European dimension of education and intercultural education Promotion systems in the teaching profession during a teacher's career Improvement of working conditions of teachers 15

16 OBJECTIVE 1.2 DEVELOPING SKILLS FOR THE KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY Across the EU, there is currently no common understanding of what basic skills are. For many, "basic" has a strong connotation of numeracy and literacy and the word" skills" is generally considered not to 16

17 A. Key issues 1. Identifying new basic skills, and how these skills together with the traditional basic skills can be better integrated in the curricula, learned and maintained through life 2. Making attainment of basic skills genuinely available to everyone, including those less advantaged, those with special needs, school drop-outs and to adult learners 3. Promoting official validation of basic skills, in order to facilitate ongoing education and training and employability B. Organisation of the follow-up a. Starting period: 2nd half of 2001 (1st stage) b. Indicators for measuring progress (Indicative list to be reviewed as appropriate): People completing secondary education Continuous training of teachers in areas of emerging skills needs Literacy Attainment Levels (PISA) Numeracy/ Mathematics Attainment Levels (PISA) Learning to learn Attainment Levels Percentage of adults with less than upper secondary education who have participated in any form of adult education or training, by age group c. Themes for exchanging experience, good practice, and, as appropriate, peer review (Indicative list): Performance and results in the mother tongue, foreign language and mathematics up to the end of compulsory education Literacy and numeracy developments in schools and in provision for adults 17

18 OBJECTIVE 1.3 SURING ACCESS TO ICT FOR EVERYONE The provision of adequate equipment and educational software, as proposed under the first key issue, calls for action on various points. There is a need to provide all schools with an appropriate infrastructure, one of the preconditions for a quality education, that would integrate capacity for full use of ICT. This includes equipment, broadband communication facilities (Internet/Intranet) and general maintenance. There is also a need to ensure the provision of services and content that addresses the broad scope of educational requirements: high quality digital educational content, educational software, remote and local (virtual/real) services, tutoring, guidance, adequate levels of teaching and managerial support. There are other crucial conditions concerning the best use of innovative teaching and learning techniques based on ICT, as emphasised by the second key issue: ICT should be used for the purpose of enhancing the quality of education provided. There is a need to foster practices where ICT has a positive impact on teaching and learning so that education systems can incorporate learner-centred approaches which take fully into account variations in learning styles and pedagogical requirements among the student population. In this context, it is important to support the teachers in their widening roles. It is important to assess if and how ICT is actually used to its full extent, and how ICT impacts on the outcomes of learning processes in terms of skills and knowledge acquisition. There is a need to support decision makers, at all levels, with a view to addressing current education policy issues such as integration of new learners, innovation, European and international collaboration, and providing them with means to implement "ICT-induced" changes in the curriculum. 18

19 Finally, the Employment guidelines for 2001 recalled the following : All schools to have access to the internet and multimedia resources by the end of 2001 All teachers needed are skilled in the use of these technologies by the end of 2002 in order to provide pupils with a broad digital literacy A. Key issues 1. Providing adequate equipment and educational software so that ICT and e-learning processes can be best applied in teaching and training practices 2. Encouraging the best use of innovative teaching and learning techniques based on ICT B. Organisation of the follow-up a. Starting period: 2nd half of 2001 (1st stage) b. Indicators for measuring progress (Indicative list to be reviewed as appropriate): Percentage of teachers that have been trained in ICT use in schools Percentage of pupils and students using ICT in their studies Percentage of learning sessions in teaching and training institutions in which ICT is used 19

20 c. Themes for exchanging experience, good practice and, as appropriate, peer review (Indicative list): Quality hardware and software in schools Use of ICTs in various subjects Use of ICTs in non-formal education Qualitative assessment of the use of ICT in education 20

21 OBJECTIVE 1.4 INCREASING RECRUITMT TO SCITIFIC AND TECHNICAL STUDIES Scientific and technological development is fundamental for a competitive knowledge society. General and specialised scientific or technological knowledge is increasingly called upon in professional and daily life, in public debates, decision making and legislation. All citizens need a basic understanding of mathematics, science and technology. If Europe is to maintain, let alone to improve, its position in the world, and to meet the Lisbon targets, it must do more to encourage children and young people to take a greater interest in science and mathematics; and to ensure that those already in scientific and research careers find their careers, prospects and rewards sufficiently satisfactory to keep them there. In this context, gender balance must be encouraged. The informal Meeting of Ministers of Education and Ministers of Research in Uppsala (March 2001) underlined the importance of increasing recruitment to scientific and technological disciplines, including a general renewal of pedagogy and closer links to working life and industry throughout the whole educational and training system. This would contribute to the construction of the European research area. 21

22 A. Key issues 1. Increasing the interest in mathematics, science and technology from an early age 2. Motivating more young people to choose studies and careers in the fields of mathematics, science and technology in particular research careers and scientific disciplines where there are shortages of qualified personnel, in a short and medium term perspective, in particular through the design of strategies for educational and vocational guidance and counselling 3. Improving gender balance among people learning mathematics, science and technology 4. Securing a sufficient numbers of qualified teachers in mathematics and scientific and technical subjects B. Organisation of the follow-up a. Starting period: 2nd half of 2001 (1st stage) b. Indicators for measuring progress (Indicative list to be reviewed as appropriate): Increase in number of entries into mathematics, science and technology courses (upper secondary advanced levels and tertiary levels, by gender) Increase in number of graduates in mathematics, science and technology, by gender Increase in number of scientists and engineers in society, by gender Increase in number of qualified teachers in MST (secondary level) 22

23 c. Themes for exchanging experience, good practice and, as appropriate, peer review (Indicative list): Inclusion of scientific and technical subjects in secondary education Development strategies aiming at the performance of schools in encouraging pupils to study natural science, technology and mathematics and in teaching these subjects 23

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