6th Grade Social Studies Chapter 10 Ancient Rome

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1 6th Grade Social Studies Chapter 10 Ancient Rome 1

2 Lesson 1: Objectives The students will be able to explain how the Romans borrowed ideas from other cultures The students will be able to explain the importance of Romulus and Remus and their importance to Roman History The students will be able to describe the importance of the Tiber River to the development of the Roman civilization. The students will be able to explain how Rome's physical geography helped its civilization Lesson 2: Objectives The students will be able to describe the system of government in ancient Rome The students will be able to define republic. The students will be able to explain who Hannibal was and identify his achievements. The students will be able to understand the powers of the patricians and the plebeians during the Roman Republic. Lesson 3: Objectives The students will be able to describe the major achievements of the Romans. The students will be able to explain who Augustus was and his significance in Roman history. The students will be able to explain Pax Romana. The students will be able to explain the importance of good rulers to the growth and expansion of the Roman Empire. The students will be able to list examples of Rome's advanced civilization Lesson 4: Objectives The students will understand how the Christian religion spread through the Roman Empire. The students will be able to describe the contributions of Peter and Paul to Christianity. The students will explain why Christians were persecuted. The students will explain how Christianity became the main religion of the Roman Empire. The students will be able to explain the connections between Judaism and Christianity. Lesson 5: Objectives The students will be able to explain how barbarian invasions affected the Roman Empire The students will be able to define mercenaries, and explain their significance to the Roman Empire. The students will be able to explain the significance of Constantine on the Roman Empire 2

3 Lesson 1: Rome's Beginnings In your own words explain the story of Romulus and Remus A Perfect Location (p277) 1. What are some of the main landforms on the Italian Peninsula? 2. Compare and contrast life on the Tiber and Nile Rivers. Use how the floods affected people on both rivers Tiber River Effect of the Floods Nile River Effect of the Floods Use the map to answer questions three. 3. How does Italy create a bridge between Western Europe and North Africa? The Romans Learn From Other Cultures (p278) 4. The text states that throughout their history, the Romans "had a gift for learning from other cultures." What do you think this statement means? 5. What made the climate along the Tiber River ideal for growing grapes and olives? 3

4 Etruscan Rule (p ) 6. Do you believe that Etruscan rule was positive or negative for Rome? Give examples. 7. How did the Romans regain control of the city of Rome? LESSON 1: REVIEW Fill in the title for the below graph about ancient Rome. Main Idea Supporting Detail Romans learned about farming from other peoples. Supporting Detail Romans studied the legends of other cultures Supporting Detail Romans learned about buildings from other peoples 1. According to legend, who were Romulus and Remus? 2. Along what river was Rome built? 3. How did a good location help Rome grow from a small village to a powerful city? 4. What does the legend of Rome's founding tell you about how the Romans felt about their place in the world? LESSON 2: THE ROMAN REPUBLIC Why is Regulus considered to be one of the greatest Roman heroes of all time? 4

5 The Roman Spirit (p.283) 1. What characteristics would describe the people who were heroes in Rome? 2. Compare and Contrast the patricians and the plebeians Describe: patricians Describe: plebeians How the Romans Governed Themselves (p.283) Use the chart below to help explain how Rome worked. Citizens Yes No Maybe + - ^ Right to Vote Yes No Maybe + - ^ Hold Public Office Yes No Maybe + - ^ Men Women Foreigners Slaves 3. Explain how a patrician became a consul. 4. Why might the consuls appoint a dictator? Define: Dictator 5

6 The Tribunes (p.284) 5. What word did tribunes say to stop the action of the Senate? What did this word mean? 6. What effect did the tribunes have on the rights of the plebeians? Daily Life (p.284) 7. Compare the similarities and differences between a Roman child and a child in the United States today. Similarities: Differences 8. What does the quote on the dog's tag reveal about the status of dogs in Roman society? Wars with Carthage (p.285) 9. Why do you think it was only a matter of time before Carthage and Rome fought against one another? 10. Why do you think Hannibal used elephants in the battle? How effective was the strategy? 11. Why is Hannibal remembered as a great general? 6

7 Problems at Home (p.285) 12. What happened to the social classes in Rome as it became wealthier? 13. Why would the Romans want to make friends of former enemies? The Republic Ends (p.286) 14. What does Julius Caesar's quotation reveal about his personality? 15. How did Caesar gain control of Rome? 16. Why did the patricians worry about Caesar's growing power? Use the map to answer question What three cities were not part of the Roman Empire in 133 B.C.? Roads in the Republic (p.287) 18. How do you think roads helped the Romans? 7

8 LESSON 2: REVIEW Fill in the graph below to help explain the Roman system of government Main Idea The Roman government was a republic. Supporting Idea Roman representatives were elected to serve in a governing body called the Senate. 1. What is a republic? Supporting Idea Supporting Idea 2. Who was Hannibal and what was his greatest accomplishment? 3. How did Rome's conquests create major problems for the republic? 4. Do you believe the patricians shared enough power with the plebeians? Explain your answer. LESSON 3: THE ROMAN EMPIRE The Pax Romana (p.289) 1. How do you think events that happened prior to Augustus's coming to power set the stage for his success? 2. Why do you think people were proud to be citizens of Rome? 8

9 3. What did Augustus do to bring order to Rome? The Good Emperors and the Bad (p.289) 4. Compare Caligula and Claudius. 5. How was Rome affected by good and bad emperors? Government and Law (p.290) 6. Why do you think the Romans worked to extend their empire? 7. What do the basic principles of Law guarantee for Roman Citizens? Entertainment (p.291) 8. What do the Romans' many celebrations tell you about the empire? 9. Why do think that Seneca put his feelings about gladiator fights into his writings? 10. What did Seneca mean by "Death is the fighter's only exit"? 9

10 Roman Arts (p.292) 11. What parts of their culture did Romans bring to the lands they conquered? 12. What effect did Roman builders, artists, and writers have on the world today? LESSON 3: REVIEW Fill in the missing details in the diagram below. Main Idea The Romans left a legacy of language, architecture, technology, and laws. Supporting Detail The Romans built aqueducts and roads. Supporting Detail Supporting Detail 1. Who was Augustus and why is he important? 2. What was the Pax Romana? 3. How did the wise rulers make the Roman Empire very powerful? 4. Explain why people consider Rome to have had an advanced civilization. 10

11 Citizen Heroes (p.293) 1. How did Marcus make life better for the average Roman citizens? 2. What does the quotation reveal about Marcus's character? Lesson 4: The Rise of Christianity 1. How do we know about Jesus? A New Religion (p.295) What Jesus Taught (p.295) 2. What ideas in Jesus' teachings came directly from his Jewish upbringing? 3. Based on the quotation, what personal qualities were desirable for Christians? 4. What does the artist Leonardo da Vinci suggest about Jesus' relationship with his disciples? 5. How did Jesus' teaching differ from what the Romans believed? Jesus' Message Spreads (p.296) 6. What do the Gospels say happened to Jesus after he was crucified? 7. What effect did the travels of Peter and Paul have? 11

12 Toward Acceptance (p.296) 8. Why were Christians punished? What types of punishment did the Romans put Christians through? Christianity Today (p.297) 9. Why do Christians believe Jesus was sent into the world? LESSON 4: REVIEW Fill in the missing detail that supports the main idea Main Idea Christianity started in Palestine and spread throughout the Roman Empire. Supporting Detail Jesus was from a Jewish family in the Roman province of Palestine. Supporting Detail Theodosius made Christianity Rome's official religion. 1. Who were Peter and Paul and what was their major accomplishment? 2. Why did the Roman Emperors persecute Christians? 3. How do you think the unity of the Roman Empire helped Christianity to become the empire's main religion? LESSON 5: Rise and Fall The Empire Declines (p. 299) 12

13 1. How was Commodus different from his father Marcus Aurelius? 2. Why do you think Marcus Aurelius chose Commudus to succeed him? Emperors for Sale (p.299) 3. Explain why the army had control over the government. 4. Why did the mercenaries not stop the raids on border towns in the Roman Empire? 5. What caused the Roman army to become weaker as a fighting force? The Empire Divides (p. 300) 6. What problems faced Rome in the century after Marcus Aurelius died? 7. What decision did Diocletian make to govern the Empire more effectively? What do you think were the pros and cons of such a decision? Pros Cons 13

14 The City of Constantine (p. 301) 8. Retell the events, in order, surrounding the reunification of the empire and its eventual split. Step 1 Step 2 Step 3 Step 4 Christianity Divides (p.302) 9. How did the differences between the Christian religion in the eastern and western parts of the Roman Empire eventually affect the church? 10. What was the most important difference between the Byzantine Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church? The Final Days of Rome (p.303) 11. What made the Western Roman Empire weak enough for outsiders to attack? 12. Why did the Visigoth forces not attack Rome the first time they reached the gates of the city? 13. Why was Orestes killed? The Fall (p.304) 14

15 LESSON 5: REVIEW Fill in the missing cause and effects in the diagram below Causes The Huns attack the German tribes Effects The Roman Empire is divided into East and West Disagreements arise in the Christian religion 1. Why did the Romans hire foreign mercenaries to serve in their army? 2. What happened to the Roman Empire after the death of Constantine? 3. Why did the eastern half of the Roman Empire not suffer the same decline as the western half? 4. What problems do you think Rome had by having an army largely made up of mercenaries? 15

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