Sample. Pressure Sores Prevention & Awareness. Copyright Notice. This booklet remains the intellectual property of Redcrier Publications L td

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Sample. Pressure Sores Prevention & Awareness. Copyright Notice. This booklet remains the intellectual property of Redcrier Publications L td"

Transcription

1 First Name: Surname Name: Company: Date: Pressure Sores Prevention & Awareness Please complete the above, in the blocks provided, as clearly as possible. Completing the details in full will ensure that your certificate bears the correct spelling and date. The date should be the day you finish & must be written in the DD/MM/YYYY format. Copyright Notice This booklet remains the intellectual property of Redcrier Publications L td The material featured in this document is subject to Redcrier Publications L td copyright protection unless otherwise indicated; any breach of this may result in legal action.any other proposed use of Redcrier Publications L td material will be subject to a copyright licence available from Redcrier Publications L td.the information enclosed is not to be used, leased or lent to any one intending to use its contents for training purposes, neither is it to be stored on any retrieval systems for use at a later date. V Redcrier Publications Limited 2014

2 Contents Index. Page 2 Learning outcomes. Page 3 Links to Care Quality Commission (CQC) outcomes. Page 3 Introduction. Page 4 Unit One. Pages 5-13 Causes and prevention of pressure sores. Unit One Questions. Page 14 Unit Two. Pages Recognising pressure Sores. Unit Two Questions. Page 20 Unit Three. Pages Treatment and complications. Unit Three Questions. Page 26 Unit Four. Pages Legislation and documentation. Unit Four Questions. Page 29 Redcrier manuals that support this one. Page 30 2

3 N.B: We are aware that official practice is to use the terms service users or people using this service to describe those receiving care. We prefer the term client and use it throughout our training package. Key: Learning outcomes. worksheet example Recognise a pressure sore. Identify causes of pressure sores. Know how to prevent pressure sores. Identify a person at risk of developing pressure sores. Understand how pressure sores should be treated and recognise complications. Links to Care Quality Commission (CQC) outcomes. important Outcome 4: Care and welfare of people who use services: People should get safe and appropriate care that meets their needs and supports their rights. Outcome 8: Cleanliness and infection control: People should be cared for in a clean environment and protected from the risk of infection. Outcome 9: Management of medicines: People should be given the medicines they need when they need them, and in a safe way. Outcome 10: Safety and suitability of premises: People should be cared for in safe and accessible surroundings that support their health and welfare. 3

4 Introduction. Pressure sores, also known as bedsores, pressure ulcers or decubitus ulcers affect areas of the skin and underlying tissue. Throughout this manual we will refer to them as pressure sores rather than using any of the other terms. These sores are caused when the affected area of skin is placed under too much unrelieved pressure. Some parts of the body are more at risk of developing pressure sores than others. Areas most at risk are those that are not covered by a large amount of body fat and are in direct contact with a supporting surface, such as a bed or a wheelchair. It is estimated that just under half a million people in the UK will develop at least one pressure sore in any given year. This is usually people with an underlying health condition. For some pressure sores are an inconvenience that require minor care. For others, they can be serious and lead to life-threatening complications, such as blood poisoning or gangrene. The cost of treating a pressure sore varies from 1,200 to 15,000. Costs increase with the severity of the sore because of the time required to heal is longer and the incidence of complications is higher in more severe cases. In 2010, more than 27,000 people died with pressure sores or infected wounds, 218 of these recorded pressure sores as the cause of death. As you can see in most cases the pressure sores are not the cause of death but their presence demonstrates that thousands of patients are receiving poor care during the last days and weeks of their lives. 1 in 20 people who are admitted to hospital with a sudden illness will develop a pressure sore. People over 70 years old are particularly vulnerable to pressure ulcers as they are more likely to have mobility problems and ageing of the skin. This manual will outline why it is important that care staff are aware of what they are, how to treat them, and why its important to try and implement procedures that halt any potential development of pressure sores. 4

5 Recognising pressure sores. Unit Two Within your role in the care sector you are likely to come across pressure sores. Although they can occur in any age group they may be seen more in older people, who are likely to be more prone, due to changes in the skin, less mobility and medical conditions such as incontinence and dementia. As part of the admission procedure for clients in your workplace, they should be assessed for: a. The presence of pressure sores. b. Their potential risk of developing them. The results of this assessment and any procedures identified should then be included in the clients care plan. Parts of the body where pressure sores may occur: Shoulders or shoulder blades. Elbows. Back of your head. Rims of your ears. Knees, ankles, heels or toes. Spine. Tail bone, the small bone at the bottom of your spine. Your buttocks. The back of your arms and legs. The back of your hip bone. From this list we can see that developing a pressure sore could be a real possibility for many of our clients, therefore being able to identify warning signs is important. Changes in skin colour Skin over bony areas (lower back, hips, heels, elbows, etc.) may appear reddened and may turn white when gently pressed with a finger. Skin may also appear bruised, having a blue, purple, or black colour. Changes in temperature When a pressure sore is beginning the skin may feel warm to the touch or in some cases may feel cool surrounding the affected area the beginning stage of a pressure ulcer may feel warm to the touch or cool. 15

6 Pressure Sores Prevention & Awareness The Skin. The skin is the largest organ of the body, with an average total area of about 2M2, weighing about 5kgs. The skin protects us from infection and the elements, helps regulate body temperature, and permits the sensations of touch, heat, and cold. Three layers: The epidermis, the outermost layer of skin, provides a waterproof barrier and creates our skin tone. The dermis, beneath the epidermis, contains blood and lymph vessels, tough connective tissue, glands that produce sweat, which helps regulate body temperature, and sebum, an oily substance that helps keep the skin from drying out. The deeper subcutaneous tissue (hypodermis) is made of fat and soft tissue. pl e Sa m The skin s colour is created by special cells called melanocytes, which produce the pigment melanin. Melanocytes are located in the epidermis. Changes in the consistency of our skin, particulary the beginning of a pressure sore, may make the affected skin feel firm to the touch or may make it feel as though it s filled with fluid. 16

7 Changes in sensation pain, tingling, numbness or itching in affected areas may be present. Stages of pressure sores: Stage 1. The skin is usually red or discoloured or may feel hard or warm to touch compared to surrounding areas. When you press on it, it often stays red and does not lighten or turn white like other areas do. The redness or change in colour does not fade within 30 minutes. Stage 2. Epidermis Dermis Soft tissue Subcutaneous fat Bone In this stage the upper layer of skin known as the epidermis is broken, creating a shallow open sore. The second layer of skin known as the dermis may also be broken. Pus or fluid leakage may or may not be present. 17

8 Stage 4. In this stage the wound reaches the muscle and can go down as far as the bone. Usually dead tissue and pus are present. There is also a high possibility of infection. Exposed bone or muscle is usually visible. Stage 3. The wound extends through the dermis into the fatty subcutaneous tissue. Bone, tendon and muscle are not visible. Look for signs of infection such as redness around the edge of the sore, discoloured pus, smell or fever. When a person has been identified as at risk of developing a pressure sore, or has already developed a pressure sore, it may be helpful to use a system which encourages staff to easily identify who is at risk. 18

9 Some ideas may be: Visual cues at bed area. Visual cues on clients door or name board. Sharing information in staff handover books or sheets. Sharing information at staff briefings etc. Using a system that is easily recognisable will help you to focus on which clients need pressure sore care. It is a good idea if staff and the clients are involved in the development of such a system so that it is recognisable by all. 19

10 Unit Two Questions 1. When a client is admitted to your workplace what should they be assessed for regarding bed sores? Name two parts of the body where pressure sores may occur. Name two changes that identify a pressure sore developing. What does the skin protect us from? How would you recognise a stage one pressure sore? 20

Pressure ulcers. Information for patients and carers. Prevention and treatment

Pressure ulcers. Information for patients and carers. Prevention and treatment Pressure ulcers Information for patients and carers Prevention and treatment What is a pressure ulcer? A pressure ulcer is damage that occurs to the skin and underlying tissue that may become an open wound.

More information

Anatomy of the Skin and a Clinical Approach to Patients with Skin Disease

Anatomy of the Skin and a Clinical Approach to Patients with Skin Disease C H A P T E R Anatomy of the Skin and a Clinical Approach to Patients with Skin Disease 1 1 This manual will begin with a brief revision of the main structures and functions of the skin. Much of this manual

More information

Pressure Ulcers. Occupational Therapy. This leaflet is for both yourself and Carers

Pressure Ulcers. Occupational Therapy. This leaflet is for both yourself and Carers Pressure Ulcers Occupational Therapy This leaflet is for both yourself and Carers Contents What is a pressure ulcer? 3 Who is at risk of developing a pressure ulcer? 4 How can I avoid developing a pressure

More information

Understand nurse aide skills needed to promote skin integrity.

Understand nurse aide skills needed to promote skin integrity. Unit B Resident Care Skills Essential Standard NA5.00 Understand nurse aide s role in providing residents hygiene, grooming, and skin care. Indicator Understand nurse aide skills needed to promote skin

More information

Cellulitis. Patient information Leaflet. Leaflet no: GMed 005 Version 1.2

Cellulitis. Patient information Leaflet. Leaflet no: GMed 005 Version 1.2 Cellulitis Patient information Leaflet Leaflet no: GMed 005 Version 1.2 October 2013 What is Cellulitis? Cellulitis is a bacterial infection of the deep layer of skin (dermis) and the layer of fat and

More information

Pressure Ulcer Passport

Pressure Ulcer Passport Pressure Ulcer Passport Information for patients This is a record of the treatment you are receiving for your pressure ulcer injury. Please bring it with you to all your healthcare appointments. This will

More information

Treat Your Feet: Foot care for people with diabetes

Treat Your Feet: Foot care for people with diabetes Treat Your Feet: Foot care for people with diabetes UHN People with diabetes often have trouble with their feet. Read this booklet to learn 7 steps to keep your feet healthy. Please visit the UHN Patient

More information

Preventing pressure ulcers

Preventing pressure ulcers Golden Jubilee National Hospital NHS National Waiting Times Centre Preventing pressure ulcers Patient information guide for adults at risk of pressure ulcers Agamemnon Street Clydebank, G81 4DY (: 0141

More information

Working together to prevent pressure ulcers (prevention and pressure-relieving devices)

Working together to prevent pressure ulcers (prevention and pressure-relieving devices) Working together to prevent pressure ulcers (prevention and pressure-relieving devices) Understanding NICE guidance information for people at risk of pressure ulcers, their carers, and the public Draft

More information

Wound and Skin Assessment. Mary Carvalho RN, BSN, MBA Clinical Coordinator Johnson Creek Wound and Edema Center

Wound and Skin Assessment. Mary Carvalho RN, BSN, MBA Clinical Coordinator Johnson Creek Wound and Edema Center Wound and Skin Assessment Mary Carvalho RN, BSN, MBA Clinical Coordinator Johnson Creek Wound and Edema Center Skin The largest Organ Weighs between 6 and 8 pounds Covers over 20 square feet Thickness

More information

THERAPEUTIC USE OF HEAT AND COLD

THERAPEUTIC USE OF HEAT AND COLD THERAPEUTIC USE OF HEAT AND COLD INTRODUCTION Heat and cold are simple and very effective therapeutic tools. They can be used locally or over the whole body, and the proper application of heat and cold

More information

Skeletal, Muscular, and Integumentary Systems

Skeletal, Muscular, and Integumentary Systems Chapter 36 Skeletal, Muscular, and Integumentary Systems Section 36 1 The Skeletal System (pages 921 925) This section describes the skeletal system and its functions. Introduction (page 921) 1. What forms

More information

Pressure Ulcers Assessing and Staging. Anne Pirzadeh RN CWOCN University of Colorado Hospital June 2010

Pressure Ulcers Assessing and Staging. Anne Pirzadeh RN CWOCN University of Colorado Hospital June 2010 Pressure Ulcers Assessing and Staging Anne Pirzadeh RN CWOCN University of Colorado Hospital June 2010 Never Events: Pressure Ulcers Pressure Ulcer Codes: MD documentation of pressure ulcers determines

More information

Eczema. The Skin The skin is the body's outer covering. It protects us against heat, light, injury and infection. It also regulates body temperature.

Eczema. The Skin The skin is the body's outer covering. It protects us against heat, light, injury and infection. It also regulates body temperature. Eczema Introduction Eczema is a term for several different types of skin inflammation. Most types cause red, swollen and itchy skin. Another name for eczema is dermatitis. While eczema is not dangerous,

More information

Skin Grafts. Skin Oncology Service. Delivering the best in care. UHB is a no smoking Trust

Skin Grafts. Skin Oncology Service. Delivering the best in care. UHB is a no smoking Trust Skin Grafts Skin Oncology Service Delivering the best in care UHB is a no smoking Trust To see all of our current patient information leaflets please visit www.uhb.nhs.uk/patient-information-leaflets.htm

More information

Toenail Removal , The Patient Education Institute, Inc. po Last reviewed: 10/27/2014 1

Toenail Removal , The Patient Education Institute, Inc.  po Last reviewed: 10/27/2014 1 Toenail Removal Introduction Toenail removal is often done for severe fungal nail infections or for ingrown toenails. Part or all of the toenail may be removed. The procedure can be done in your health

More information

Your Skin. Name: Your Largest Organ

Your Skin. Name: Your Largest Organ Your Largest Organ What is the largest organ in your body? Your heart? It is the largest muscle in your body, but you do have larger organs. Your brain? The brain inside your skull is pretty big, but it's

More information

The Integumentary System Dr. Ali Ebneshahidi

The Integumentary System Dr. Ali Ebneshahidi The Integumentary System Dr. Ali Ebneshahidi The Skin The integument system consists of the skin (cutaneous membrane) and its accessory organs. The skin is composed of three layers of tissue: the outer

More information

Quality standard Published: 11 June 2015 nice.org.uk/guidance/qs89

Quality standard Published: 11 June 2015 nice.org.uk/guidance/qs89 Pressure ulcers Quality standard Published: 11 June 2015 nice.org.uk/guidance/qs89 NICE 2015. All rights reserved. Contents Introduction... 6 Why this quality standard is needed... 6 How this quality standard

More information

Two main classes: Epithelial Connective (synovial) Epithelial. Cutaneous Mucous Serous

Two main classes: Epithelial Connective (synovial) Epithelial. Cutaneous Mucous Serous Two main classes: Epithelial Connective (synovial) Epithelial Cutaneous Mucous Serous Epithelial Membranes = sheet of epithelia + connective tissue base 1. Cutaneous membrane: outer skin layer (stratified

More information

Report by Pat Tyrrell, Lead Nurse, Argyll & Bute CHP on behalf of Heidi May, Board Nurse Director

Report by Pat Tyrrell, Lead Nurse, Argyll & Bute CHP on behalf of Heidi May, Board Nurse Director Highland NHS Board 4 October 2011 Item 4.6(b) TISSUE VIABILITY PRESSURE ULCER PREVENTION Report by Pat Tyrrell, Lead Nurse, Argyll & Bute CHP on behalf of Heidi May, Board Nurse Director The Board is asked

More information

7/11/2011. Pressure Ulcers. Moisture-NOT Pressure. Wounds NOT Caused by Pressure

7/11/2011. Pressure Ulcers. Moisture-NOT Pressure. Wounds NOT Caused by Pressure Assessment and Documentation of Pressure Ulcers Jeri Ann Lundgren, RN, BSN, PHN, CWS, CWCN Pathway Health Services July 19, 2011 Training Objectives Describe etiologies of pressure ulcers Discuss how to

More information

Skin Graft Your Operation Explained

Skin Graft Your Operation Explained Skin Graft Your Operation Explained Patient Information Introduction This leaflet has been written to help you understand the skin graft you are about to have. We hope it will answer some of the questions

More information

FUNCTIONS OF THE SKIN

FUNCTIONS OF THE SKIN FUNCTIONS OF THE SKIN Skin is the largest organ of the body. The average adult has 18 square feet of skin which account for 16% of the total body weight. Skin acts as a physical barrier for you to the

More information

Skin & Wound Care Prevention & Treatment. By Candy Houk, RN Skin & Wound Program Manager

Skin & Wound Care Prevention & Treatment. By Candy Houk, RN Skin & Wound Program Manager Skin & Wound Care Prevention & Treatment By Candy Houk, RN Skin & Wound Program Manager OBJECTIVES Classify Stage 1 and 2 pressure ulcers Recognize suspected Stage 3, 4, DTI, and unstageable pressure ulcers

More information

Surgery for Disc Prolapse

Surgery for Disc Prolapse Contact Details Spinal Team Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre Windmill Road Headington Oxford OX3 7LD Surgery for Disc Prolapse Phone: 01865 738051 Fax: 01865 738027 Web Site www.noc.nhs.uk Surgery for disc

More information

OASIS-C Integument Assessment: Not for Wimps! Part I: Pressure Ulcers

OASIS-C Integument Assessment: Not for Wimps! Part I: Pressure Ulcers OASIS-C Integument Assessment: Not for Wimps! Part I: Pressure Ulcers Presented by: Rhonda Will, RN, BS, COS-C, HCS-D Assistant Director, OASIS Competency Institute 243 King Street, Suite 246 Northampton,

More information

How can DIABETES affect my FEET? Emma Howard Community Diabetes Lead Podiatrist, Oxford Health NHS Foundation Trust

How can DIABETES affect my FEET? Emma Howard Community Diabetes Lead Podiatrist, Oxford Health NHS Foundation Trust How can DIABETES affect my FEET? By: Emma Howard Community Diabetes Lead Podiatrist, Oxford Health NHS Foundation Trust HOW CAN DIABETES AFFECT MY FEET? What is neuropathy? This leaflet explains how diabetes

More information

WHAT IS INCONTINENCE?

WHAT IS INCONTINENCE? CNA Workbook WHAT IS INCONTINENCE? Incontinence is the inability to control the flow of urine or feces from your body. Approximately 26 million Americans are incontinent. Many people don t report it because

More information

Inservice: Wound Care and Dressings. Friday, June 26, 2009. A. Closed Wounds tissue is injured but skin is not BROKEN

Inservice: Wound Care and Dressings. Friday, June 26, 2009. A. Closed Wounds tissue is injured but skin is not BROKEN f Inservice: Wound Care and Dressings Friday, June 26, 2009 WOUNDS: Are injuries of the skin and underlying subcutaneous tissues and muscles (Nursing Manual by Lippincott) Are disruptions in the integrity

More information

Melanoma The Skin Understanding Cancer

Melanoma The Skin Understanding Cancer Melanoma A form of cancer that begins in melanocytes (cells that make the pigment melanin). It may begin in a mole (skin melanoma), but can also begin in other pigmented tissues, such as in the eye or

More information

Position Statement: Pressure Ulcer Staging

Position Statement: Pressure Ulcer Staging Position Statement: Pressure Ulcer Staging Statement of Position The Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nurses (WOCN) Society supports the use of the National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel Staging System (NPUAP).

More information

Cellulitis. Patient Information Leaflet. Contact numbers. Out of hours contact numbers

Cellulitis. Patient Information Leaflet. Contact numbers. Out of hours contact numbers Contact numbers District Nurse: Intermediate Care Team: Your GP: Out of hours contact numbers District Nurse: Intermediate Care Team: Out of hours GP Service: If you would like this information in another

More information

Anyone who has difficulty moving can get a pressure sore. But you are more likely to get one if you:

Anyone who has difficulty moving can get a pressure sore. But you are more likely to get one if you: Patient information from the BMJ Group Pressure sores Anyone can get a pressure sore if they sit or lie still for too long without moving. People who are old or very ill are most likely to get them. Careful

More information

Prevention of complications whilst a patient in hospital. Patient information

Prevention of complications whilst a patient in hospital. Patient information Prevention of complications whilst a patient in hospital Patient information Prevention of complications whilst a patient in hospital During your time in hospital the nursing staff will be assessing your

More information

Mistral, wellness in the air. Ovattificio Fortunato s.r.l. the soul of ideas

Mistral, wellness in the air. Ovattificio Fortunato s.r.l. the soul of ideas Mistral, wellness in the air. Ovattificio Fortunato s.r.l. the soul of ideas Ovattificio Fortunato s.r.l. Via dell Industria, n 109 84092 Bellizzi (SA) Italy ph.: (+39) 089 981146 (+39) 089 981646 Fax:

More information

about Why You Should Know Melanoma

about Why You Should Know Melanoma about Why You Should Know Melanoma Why You Should Know about Melanoma Each year, more than 3 million Americans are diagnosed with skin cancer. This is the most common form of cancer. Of these, more than

More information

Government of Western Australia Department of Health North Metropolitan Health Service. Preventing Pressure Injuries

Government of Western Australia Department of Health North Metropolitan Health Service. Preventing Pressure Injuries Government of Western Australia Department of Health North Metropolitan Health Service Preventing Pressure Injuries This document can be made in alternative formats, such as large print, cd or electronically,

More information

Chapter 10. Extended Healing Period. Wound Location

Chapter 10. Extended Healing Period. Wound Location Chapter 10 SECONDARY WOUND CLOSURE KEY FIGURE: Dead space under skin closure Secondary wound closure is also referred to as closure by secondary intention. The skin edges of the wound are not sutured together;

More information

Elbow Injuries and Disorders

Elbow Injuries and Disorders Elbow Injuries and Disorders Introduction Your elbow joint is made up of bone, cartilage, ligaments and fluid. Muscles and tendons help the elbow joint move. There are many injuries and disorders that

More information

Pressure Sores (Decubitus Ulcers)

Pressure Sores (Decubitus Ulcers) Pressure Sores (Decubitus Ulcers) Judith Stevens, M.Ed. With thanks to Dr. Toni Benton, Jennifer Thorne-Lehman, Araceli Domingo for contributing resource information. Thanks to Ann Chase Stevens for sharing

More information

WOCN Society Position Statement: Pressure Ulcer Staging

WOCN Society Position Statement: Pressure Ulcer Staging WOCN Society Position Statement: Pressure Ulcer Staging Originated By: Wound Committee Date Completed: 1996 Reviewed/Revised: July 2006 Revised: August 2007 Reviewed/Revised: April 2011 Definition of Pressure

More information

Corporate Medical Policy Pressure Reducing Support Surfaces

Corporate Medical Policy Pressure Reducing Support Surfaces Corporate Medical Policy Pressure Reducing Support Surfaces File Name: Origination: Last CAP Review: Next CAP Review: Last Review: pressure_reducing_support_surfaces 7/2006 9/2015 9/2016 9/2015 Description

More information

Pressure Ulcers in Neonatal Patients. Rene Amaya, MD Pediatric Specialists of Houston Infectious Disease/Wound Care

Pressure Ulcers in Neonatal Patients. Rene Amaya, MD Pediatric Specialists of Houston Infectious Disease/Wound Care Pressure Ulcers in Neonatal Patients Rene Amaya, MD Pediatric Specialists of Houston Infectious Disease/Wound Care Objectives Review skin anatomy and understand why neonatal skin is at increased risk for

More information

LUPUS. and the Feet LUPUSUK 2015

LUPUS. and the Feet LUPUSUK 2015 16 LUPUS and the Feet LUPUSUK 2015 LUPUS and the Feet This factsheet explains about some of the foot problems associated with lupus though it is important to remember that not all will develop these problems.

More information

Preventing Pressure Ulcers and Assisting With Wound Care

Preventing Pressure Ulcers and Assisting With Wound Care Preventing Pressure Ulcers and Assisting With Wound Care C H A P T E R 19 A nursing assistant makes an occupied bed. Providing clean, wrinkle-free linens is just one way that nursing assistants help to

More information

MEDICATION GUIDE Prolia (PRÓ-lee-a) (denosumab) Injection, for subcutaneous use

MEDICATION GUIDE Prolia (PRÓ-lee-a) (denosumab) Injection, for subcutaneous use MEDICATION GUIDE Prolia (PRÓ-lee-a) (denosumab) Injection, for subcutaneous use Read the Medication Guide that comes with Prolia before you start taking it and each time you get a refill. There may be

More information

Raynaud s Disease. What is Raynaud s Disease? Raynaud s disease is also sometimes known as Raynaud s phenomenon or Raynaud s syndrome.

Raynaud s Disease. What is Raynaud s Disease? Raynaud s disease is also sometimes known as Raynaud s phenomenon or Raynaud s syndrome. Raynaud s Disease Introduction Raynaud s disease is a rare disorder of the blood vessels. It usually affects the fingers and toes. This disorder causes the blood vessels to narrow which turns the affected

More information

KINESIOLOGY TAPING GUIDE

KINESIOLOGY TAPING GUIDE KINESIOLOGY TAPING GUIDE What is Kinesiology tape and how does Kinesiology tape work? How to apply Kinesiology tape Examples of application of UP Kinesiology tape for common injuries and conditions Introduction

More information

Quality Measures for Long-stay Residents Percent of residents whose need for help with daily activities has increased.

Quality Measures for Long-stay Residents Percent of residents whose need for help with daily activities has increased. Quality Measures for Long-stay Residents Percent of residents whose need for help with daily activities has increased. This graph shows the percent of residents whose need for help doing basic daily tasks

More information

SKELETON AND JOINTS G.C.S.E. PHYSICAL EDUCATION. Unit 1. Factors Affecting Participation and Performance. G.C.S.E. P.E. Teacher:.

SKELETON AND JOINTS G.C.S.E. PHYSICAL EDUCATION. Unit 1. Factors Affecting Participation and Performance. G.C.S.E. P.E. Teacher:. G.C.S.E. PHYSICAL EDUCATION Unit 1 Factors Affecting Participation and Performance SKELETON AND JOINTS Name: G.C.S.E. P.E. Teacher:. By the end of this booklet you should be able to: Understand what the

More information

Futuristic Beauty. Buyers Guide

Futuristic Beauty. Buyers Guide TM Futuristic Beauty Buyers Guide LoveLite is a fresh and innovative company who specialise in introducing new and exciting cosmetic beauty equipment, treatments and products into the UK. who are we? LoveLite

More information

Pressure Ulcers Among Nursing Home Residents: United States, 2004

Pressure Ulcers Among Nursing Home Residents: United States, 2004 Pressure Ulcers Among Nursing Home Residents: United States, 2004 Eunice Park-Lee, Ph.D., and Christine Caffrey, Ph.D., Division of Health Care Statistics Key findings Data from the National Nursing Home

More information

What is Psoriasis? Common Areas Affected. Type Who Does it Affect Characteristics

What is Psoriasis? Common Areas Affected. Type Who Does it Affect Characteristics What is? is a term derived from the Greek word psōra which means itch and is a common, long lasting, inflammatory skin condition which affects 1-3% of the UK population and about 80 million people worldwide.

More information

Your Recovery After a Cesarean Delivery

Your Recovery After a Cesarean Delivery Your Recovery After a Cesarean Delivery It is normal to have many questions about your care after delivery. Cesarean delivery is surgery and your body needs time to heal and recover for the next 6 weeks,

More information

Y O U R S U R G E O N S. choice of. implants F O R Y O U R S U R G E R Y

Y O U R S U R G E O N S. choice of. implants F O R Y O U R S U R G E R Y Y O U R S U R G E O N S choice of implants F O R Y O U R S U R G E R Y Y O U R S U R G E O N S choice of implants F O R Y O U R S U R G E R Y Your Surgeon Has Chosen the C 2 a-taper Acetabular System The

More information

Topical Oxygen Wound Therapy (MEDICAID)

Topical Oxygen Wound Therapy (MEDICAID) Topical Oxygen Wound Therapy (MEDICAID) Last Review Date: September 11, 2015 Number: MG.MM.DM.15C6v2 Medical Guideline Disclaimer Property of EmblemHealth. All rights reserved. The treating physician or

More information

THE SKELETAL SYSTEM FUNCTIONS OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM

THE SKELETAL SYSTEM FUNCTIONS OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM THE SKELETAL SYSTEM The skeleton is the body s bony framework which consists of 206 bones. The bones are made up of water(45%), calcium and phosphorous(35%) and other organic materials(20%). The calcium

More information

Pressure Injury Prevention and Management Policy

Pressure Injury Prevention and Management Policy Pressure Injury Prevention and Management Policy Owner (initiating the document): Dr Amanda Ling Contact name and number: Rachel Dennis (Ph: 9222 2197) Version: 1.5 Approved by: Professor Bryant Stokes,

More information

LIPOSUCTION. Liposuction. (Lipoplasty) What it won t do: What to expect during your consultation. Be prepared to discuss: PROCEDURE FACT SHEET

LIPOSUCTION. Liposuction. (Lipoplasty) What it won t do: What to expect during your consultation. Be prepared to discuss: PROCEDURE FACT SHEET PROCEDURE FACT SHEET PLASTIC SURGERY LIPOSUCTION (Lipoplasty) This is a guide for people who are considering having a Liposuction operation. We advise that you talk to a plastic surgeon and only use this

More information

Other Noninfectious Diseases. Chapter 31 Lesson 3

Other Noninfectious Diseases. Chapter 31 Lesson 3 Other Noninfectious Diseases Chapter 31 Lesson 3 Diabetes Diabetes- a chronic disease that affects the way body cells convert food into energy. Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death by disease

More information

ILIOTIBIAL BAND SYNDROME

ILIOTIBIAL BAND SYNDROME ILIOTIBIAL BAND SYNDROME Description The iliotibial band is the tendon attachment of hip muscles into the upper leg (tibia) just below the knee to the outer side of the front of the leg. Where the tendon

More information

Cast removal what to expect #3 Patient Information Leaflet

Cast removal what to expect #3 Patient Information Leaflet Cast removal what to expect #3 Patient Information Leaflet SM466 Now your cast is off, self help is the key! Follow the advice given to you by your doctor and the staff in the clinic. Your skin will be

More information

NAME: (PRINT) First Last. College M#:

NAME: (PRINT) First Last. College M#: SPORT (s): NAME: (PRINT) First Last College M#: MONTGOMERY COLLEGE SPORTS MEDICINE PACKET INSTRUCTIONS: - 7/11 - DO NOT remove any papers this includes the four physical exam pages! - If downloading from

More information

Be Body Wise with Napo: Lesson One Skin

Be Body Wise with Napo: Lesson One Skin Be Body Wise with Napo: Lesson One Skin (7 9 years) Teacher Guidance It is never too early to introduce children to the basic safety concepts that for adults come under the umbrella of Occupational Safety

More information

Carpal Tunnel Release

Carpal Tunnel Release Carpal Tunnel Release Carpal tunnel syndrome is a condition in the hand and wrist caused by excessive pressure on the median nerve in the wrist. Compression of the nerve typically causes numbness and tingling

More information

SPORT INJURIES. Broken Collar Bone

SPORT INJURIES. Broken Collar Bone SPORT INJURIES Broken Collar Bone A broken Collar bone (broken Clavicle) is a very common shoulder injury. A broken collar bone frequently occurs when someone falls onto an out stretched hand. The Collar

More information

X-Plain Rheumatoid Arthritis Reference Summary

X-Plain Rheumatoid Arthritis Reference Summary X-Plain Rheumatoid Arthritis Reference Summary Introduction Rheumatoid arthritis is a fairly common joint disease that affects up to 2 million Americans. Rheumatoid arthritis is one of the most debilitating

More information

Spinal Cord Injury Education. Common Medical Problems Following Spinal Cord Injury

Spinal Cord Injury Education. Common Medical Problems Following Spinal Cord Injury Spinal Cord Injury Education Common Medical Problems Following Spinal Cord Injury Common Medical Complications After SCI, your body is vulnerable to various complications This presentation gives a brief

More information

Renal Vascular Access Having a Fistula For Haemodialysis

Renal Vascular Access Having a Fistula For Haemodialysis Renal Vascular Access Having a Fistula For Haemodialysis Delivering the best in care UHB is a no smoking Trust To see all of our current patient information leaflets please visit www.uhb.nhs.uk/patient-information-leaflets.htm

More information

Pressure Ulcer Grading and POVA Referral Procedure

Pressure Ulcer Grading and POVA Referral Procedure Pressure Ulcer Grading and POVA Referral Procedure Version Number: 1 Page 1/13 -Contents- Page 1. Introduction 3 2. Aim 3 3. Procedure 3 4. Responsibilities 4 5. Implementation and Training 4 6. Equality

More information

Diabetes and your feet

Diabetes and your feet The Society of Chiropodists and Podiatrists Diabetes and your feet A guide to maintaining healthy feet for people with diabetes Diabetes and your feet 3 Diabetes and your feet Many people with diabetes

More information

Protection and treatment of pressure ulcers. A Coloplast Wound Care quick guide

Protection and treatment of pressure ulcers. A Coloplast Wound Care quick guide Protection and treatment of pressure ulcers A Coloplast Wound Care quick guide Table of content Foreword... 3 Introduction to pressure ulcers... 4 Good clinical practice... 5 Pressure ulcer guide... 6

More information

Ilioinguinal dissection (removal of lymph nodes in the groin and pelvis)

Ilioinguinal dissection (removal of lymph nodes in the groin and pelvis) Ilioinguinal dissection (removal of lymph nodes in the groin and pelvis) This sheet answers common questions about ilio-inguinal dissection. If you would like further information, or have any particular

More information

Lymphedema of the Head and Neck After Surgery or Radiation

Lymphedema of the Head and Neck After Surgery or Radiation PATIENT EDUCATION patienteducation.osumc.edu Lymphedema of the Head and Neck After Surgery or Radiation The lymph system helps to get rid of waste products from your cells and helps your body fight infection.

More information

Preventing Falls. Strength and balance exercises for healthy ageing

Preventing Falls. Strength and balance exercises for healthy ageing Preventing Falls Strength and balance exercises for healthy ageing Exercise should be comfortable and fun. To get the most out of your home exercise book, join a class for older people to check your exercises

More information

The Oxford Pain Management Unit Churchill Hospital and Horton General Hospital A guide to facet and sacroiliac joint injections

The Oxford Pain Management Unit Churchill Hospital and Horton General Hospital A guide to facet and sacroiliac joint injections Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust The Oxford Pain Management Unit Churchill Hospital and Horton General Hospital A guide to facet and sacroiliac joint injections Information for patients This information

More information

DC11 Day Case - Removing Benign Skin Lesions (under Local Anaesthetic)

DC11 Day Case - Removing Benign Skin Lesions (under Local Anaesthetic) DC11 Day Case - Removing Benign Skin Lesions (under Local Anaesthetic) What are skin lesions? What is a mole? Skin lesions are found on or just below the skin. Examples of skin lesions are epidermoid cysts

More information

WOUND OSTOMY CONTINENCE NURSES SOCIETY GUIDANCE ON OASIS-C INTEGUMENTARY ITEMS

WOUND OSTOMY CONTINENCE NURSES SOCIETY GUIDANCE ON OASIS-C INTEGUMENTARY ITEMS Wound Ostomy Continence Nurses Society Guidance on OASIS-C Integumentary Items WOCN OASIS Taskforce Members: Ben Peirce (Chairperson), RN, BA, CWOCN, COS-C Dianne Mackey, BSN, RN, PHN, CWOCN Laurie McNichol,

More information

Guy s, King s and St Thomas Cancer Centre The Cancer Outpatient Clinic Having a sentinel lymph node biopsy

Guy s, King s and St Thomas Cancer Centre The Cancer Outpatient Clinic Having a sentinel lymph node biopsy Guy s, King s and St Thomas Cancer Centre The Cancer Outpatient Clinic Having a sentinel lymph node biopsy The aim of this leaflet is to answer questions you may have about a sentinel lymph node (SLN)

More information

Diabetic Foot Ulcers and Pressure Ulcers. Laurie Duckett D.O. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeon Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences

Diabetic Foot Ulcers and Pressure Ulcers. Laurie Duckett D.O. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeon Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences Diabetic Foot Ulcers and Pressure Ulcers Laurie Duckett D.O. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeon Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences Lecture Objectives Identify risk factors Initiate appropriate

More information

TOM J. POUSTI, MD, F.A.C.S. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTION SURGERY

TOM J. POUSTI, MD, F.A.C.S. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTION SURGERY TOM J. POUSTI, MD, F.A.C.S. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTION SURGERY INFORMED CONSENT FOR LIPOSUCTION (SUCTION-ASSISTED LIPECTOMY SURGERY) (ULTRASOUND-ASSISTED LIPECTOMY SURGERY) Instructions This is an informed-consent

More information

HOW MANY PATIENTS SUFFER FROM POST-OPERATIVE SEPSIS? WHAT IS SEPSIS?

HOW MANY PATIENTS SUFFER FROM POST-OPERATIVE SEPSIS? WHAT IS SEPSIS? SEPSIS: Information About Post-Operative Sepsis for Patients and Relatives WHAT IS SEPSIS? Sepsis is a life threatening condition that arises when the body s response to an infection injures its own tissues

More information

Pressure Ulcer Prevention Prevention Is The Cure

Pressure Ulcer Prevention Prevention Is The Cure The new name for Central Essex Community Service Pressure Ulcer Prevention Prevention Is The Cure Lorraine Grothier Clinical Nurse Specialist Tissue Viability Is Prevention Important? An estimated 4-20%

More information

let s talk bleeds a bleed checklist for haemophilia patients

let s talk bleeds a bleed checklist for haemophilia patients let s talk bleeds a bleed checklist for haemophilia patients Specific signs of a bleed Watch for Bruising, with or without lumps Difference in the size of arms/legs Difference in movement in arms/legs

More information

Personal Protective Equipment PPE

Personal Protective Equipment PPE Trainer notes for personal protection equipment (PPE) presentation Personal Protective Equipment PPE A short presentation on the principles of infection control in social care 1 P a g e Different types

More information

FOLFOX Chemotherapy. This handout provides information about FOLFOX chemotherapy. It is sometimes called as FLOX chemotherapy.

FOLFOX Chemotherapy. This handout provides information about FOLFOX chemotherapy. It is sometimes called as FLOX chemotherapy. FOLFOX Chemotherapy This handout provides information about FOLFOX chemotherapy. It is sometimes called as FLOX chemotherapy. What is chemotherapy? Chemotherapy is a method of treating cancer by using

More information

X-ray (Radiography), Bone

X-ray (Radiography), Bone X-ray (Radiography), Bone What is Bone X-ray (Radiography)? An x-ray (radiograph) is a noninvasive medical test that helps physicians diagnose and treat medical conditions. Imaging with x-rays involves

More information

E. coli Infections. E. coli Bacteria

E. coli Infections. E. coli Bacteria E. coli Infections Introduction E. coli infections are caused by certain types of E. coli bacteria that make you sick. E. coli is short for Escherichia coli. Most E. coli infections get better without

More information

Symptoms of Hodgkin lymphoma

Symptoms of Hodgkin lymphoma Produced 28.02.2011 Revision due 28.02.2013 Symptoms of Hodgkin lymphoma Lymphoma is a cancer of cells called lymphocytes. These cells are part of our immune system, which helps us to fight off infections.

More information

Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nurses Society s Guidance on OASIS-C1 Integumentary Items: Best Practice for Clinicians

Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nurses Society s Guidance on OASIS-C1 Integumentary Items: Best Practice for Clinicians Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nurses Society s Guidance on OASIS-C1 Integumentary Items: Best Practice for Clinicians Acknowledgments Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nurses Society s Guidance on OASIS-C1 Integumentary

More information

Arthrex Eclipse and Univers II

Arthrex Eclipse and Univers II Patient s Guide to Shoulder Replacement Surgery with the Arthrex Eclipse and Univers II www.eclipseclinicaltrial.com 1 TABLE OF CONTENTS I. Understanding Shoulder Replacement Surgery 2 The Normal Shoulder

More information

X-ray (Radiography) - Bone

X-ray (Radiography) - Bone Scan for mobile link. X-ray (Radiography) - Bone Bone x-ray uses a very small dose of ionizing radiation to produce pictures of any bone in the body. It is commonly used to diagnose fractured bones or

More information

Name Class Date Laboratory Investigation 24A Chapter 24A: Human Skin

Name Class Date Laboratory Investigation 24A Chapter 24A: Human Skin Name Class Date Laboratory Investigation 24A Chapter 24A: Human Skin Human Anatomy & Physiology: Integumentary System You may refer to pages 386-394 in your textbook for a general discussion of the integumentary

More information

Neck Injuries and Disorders

Neck Injuries and Disorders Neck Injuries and Disorders Introduction Any part of your neck can be affected by neck problems. These affect the muscles, bones, joints, tendons, ligaments or nerves in the neck. There are many common

More information

Hemodialysis Access: What You Need to Know

Hemodialysis Access: What You Need to Know Hemodialysis Access: What You Need to Know Hemodialysis Access: What You Need To Know Whether you already get hemodialysis treatment, or you will need to start dialysis soon, this booklet will help you

More information

Melanoma. Understanding your diagnosis

Melanoma. Understanding your diagnosis Melanoma Understanding your diagnosis Melanoma Understanding your diagnosis When you first hear that you have cancer, you may feel alone and afraid. You may be overwhelmed by the large amount of information

More information

PATIENT INFORMATION DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS. with people in mind

PATIENT INFORMATION DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS. with people in mind PATIENT INFORMATION DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS with people in mind 2 I DVT - PATIENT INFORMATION Who should read this booklet? Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) or blood clots in the leg can occur at any age but can

More information

CHAPTER 6: INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM. 1. Explain why the skin is called the cutaneous membrane.

CHAPTER 6: INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM. 1. Explain why the skin is called the cutaneous membrane. OBJECTIVES: 1. Explain why the skin is called the cutaneous membrane. 2. Name the layers of the skin, describe the structure (tissues) of each, and name a general function of each. 3. Discuss the four

More information

The Integumentary System

The Integumentary System 5 The Integumentary System FOCUS: The integumentary system consists of the skin, hair, nails, and a variety of glands. The epidermis of the skin provides protection against abrasion, ultraviolet light,

More information