Anyone who has difficulty moving can get a pressure sore. But you are more likely to get one if you:

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Anyone who has difficulty moving can get a pressure sore. But you are more likely to get one if you:"

Transcription

1 Patient information from the BMJ Group Pressure sores Anyone can get a pressure sore if they sit or lie still for too long without moving. People who are old or very ill are most likely to get them. Careful nursing and foam mattresses can help to prevent pressure sores. We've brought together the best and most up-to-date research about pressure sores to see what treatments work.you can use our information to talk to your doctor and decide which treatments are best for you. What are pressure sores? Pressure sores are areas of damaged skin that become open wounds. When you sit or lie down you naturally shift your position from time to time, even when you're asleep. But if you can't move yourself because you re too ill, you could get a pressure sore. Experts think pressure sores start when the weight of your body presses down on the skin underneath. This pressure stops your blood circulating properly through the skin. The skin cells die and the skin breaks down. Friction from being moved, or slipping down in bed, also can damage your skin. Areas of skin over the bony parts of your body are most at risk. Anyone who has difficulty moving can get a pressure sore. But you are more likely to get one if you: Are very old Are seriously ill or unconscious Have had surgery Don't eat or drink enough Have poor circulation Can't feel pain (this can happen if your spinal cord is injured or if you have nerve damage) Are very overweight (obese) Pressure sores can take a long time to heal. What are the symptoms? Like other wounds, pressure sores may hurt, weep, bleed, and get infected. page 1 of 5

2 You are most likely to get a pressure sore where your skin gets squashed between bone and your bed or chair: for example, at the bottom of your backbone, over your hip bone, or on the back of your heel. If you are looking after someone who is likely to get a pressure sore, you need to know the warning signs. You should tell a doctor or nurse immediately if you find any signs of skin damage, like a discoloured patch. Other warning signs include swelling, blisters, hard or cracked skin, and patches of skin that are shiny, too warm, too cold, or too dry. What treatments work? There are a number of things you can do to prevent pressure sores. If you get a pressure sore, there are lots of treatments you can try. Treatments to prevent pressure sores If you are at risk of getting pressure sores, you should lie on a foam mattress that provides extra support, not on an ordinary hospital mattress. This will spread your weight and protect your skin. Good research shows you're much less likely to get a pressure sore if you lie on this type of foam mattress. They are available in hospitals, in nursing homes, and for use at home. People in intensive care units are often too ill to move themselves. An inflatable bed can help keep their skin healthy by stopping their hips and other weak points from bearing too much weight. In one study, people cared for on inflatable beds were much less likely to get pressure sores than people cared for on ordinary intensive care beds. A medical sheepskin mat laid over the top of your mattress also may prevent pressure sores. If you are having surgery, you can lie on a special mat called an overlay, which is placed on top of the operating table. Lying still during a long operation can damage your skin. Using an overlay can help to lower your chances of getting a pressure sore. There are many other types of mattresses, overlays, and cushions that are intended to help people avoid pressure sores. But there s not enough research to say if they work. They include: Mattresses with inflatable compartments Cushions made from gel or foam Remote-control beds Mattresses filled with gel, water, beads, or silicone. page 2 of 5

3 Some inflatable beds have special features designed to keep your skin dry if you have trouble with incontinence. There s not much research on these, but what there is suggests they don t work. Things you can do for yourself The best way to prevent a pressure sore is to change your position regularly. If you can't do it yourself, a health professional or your carer should do it for you. There hasn't been any good research to prove that being moved regularly prevents pressure sores. But experts agree that it makes good sense, provided the person moving you is properly trained. Your skin should be protected during moves, so it doesn't rub or drag along the mattress. Inspecting your skin for early warning signs of pressure sores also is important. You can also help yourself by: Drinking plenty of liquids Eating a healthy diet Stopping smoking. All these things are important for your circulation to work well. Treating pressure sores One type of bed called an air-fluidised bed may help heal pressure sores. It works a bit like a waterbed, cradling your body and helping spread the weight. There hasn't been enough good research to know whether any other devices can help heal pressure sores. These include: Inflatable or rippling beds or mattresses Waterbeds Different types of foam mattresses or overlays Cushions with different fillings. It's important to keep your pressure sore clean and clear of any dead tissue. A gentle wash with salt water is usually enough. Removing more stubborn dead tissue is called debridement. We don't know if debridement helps pressure sores to heal. But most experts agree that it's best to remove dead tissue. Nurses can do this with: page 3 of 5

4 A blade or sharp knife (a scalpel) Special dressings Chemicals. Despite lots of research, it's unclear which method works best. Dressings are placed directly over your pressure sore to protect it and keep it clean and moist while it heals. There are many different types of dressings. None of them have been tested properly in high-quality studies. A nurse should decide on the best dressing for you. Guidelines for doctors and nurses recommend foam dressings, hydrogels (gel dressings that help keep the sore moist and clean), and hydrocolloid dressings (dressings designed to soak up excess moisture). Several other treatments have been tested to see if they help heal pressure sores. But there s not enough research to show whether they work. They include: Suction treatment to remove excess moisture Electrical therapy Ultrasound massage Laser treatment. What will happen to me? If you discover pressure sores early, there's a good chance you can stop them getting worse. Most pressure sores heal eventually. But big pressure sores can be hard to treat and heal slowly. You may need to spend many months being nursed in hospital or at home. Pressure sores usually affect just the skin. But, rarely, pressure also damages deeper tissues such as muscle. If these tissues die, a deep wound appears that may go down as far as the bone. Where to get more help The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) has some information about the care you can expect and the types of devices that should be used to prevent and treat pressure sores. You can find out more at page 4 of 5

5 Pressure sores This information is aimed at a UK patient audience. This information however does not replace medical advice. If you have a medical problem please see your doctor. Please see our full Conditions of Use for this content. These leaflets are reviewed annually. Last published: Sep 16, 2015 page 5 of 5

Pressure ulcers. Information for patients and carers. Prevention and treatment

Pressure ulcers. Information for patients and carers. Prevention and treatment Pressure ulcers Information for patients and carers Prevention and treatment What is a pressure ulcer? A pressure ulcer is damage that occurs to the skin and underlying tissue that may become an open wound.

More information

Pressure Ulcers. Occupational Therapy. This leaflet is for both yourself and Carers

Pressure Ulcers. Occupational Therapy. This leaflet is for both yourself and Carers Pressure Ulcers Occupational Therapy This leaflet is for both yourself and Carers Contents What is a pressure ulcer? 3 Who is at risk of developing a pressure ulcer? 4 How can I avoid developing a pressure

More information

Working together to prevent pressure ulcers (prevention and pressure-relieving devices)

Working together to prevent pressure ulcers (prevention and pressure-relieving devices) Working together to prevent pressure ulcers (prevention and pressure-relieving devices) Understanding NICE guidance information for people at risk of pressure ulcers, their carers, and the public Draft

More information

Preventing pressure ulcers

Preventing pressure ulcers Golden Jubilee National Hospital NHS National Waiting Times Centre Preventing pressure ulcers Patient information guide for adults at risk of pressure ulcers Agamemnon Street Clydebank, G81 4DY (: 0141

More information

Sores That Will Not Heal

Sores That Will Not Heal Sores That Will Not Heal Introduction Some sores have trouble healing on their own. Sores that will not heal are a common problem. Open sores that will not heal are also known as wounds or skin ulcers.

More information

PRESSURE SORES INTRODUCTION OBJECTIVES. When the student has finished this module, he/she will be able to: WHAT IS A PRESSURE SORE?

PRESSURE SORES INTRODUCTION OBJECTIVES. When the student has finished this module, he/she will be able to: WHAT IS A PRESSURE SORE? PRESSURE SORES INTRODUCTION Pressure sores (also known as bed sores, decubitus ulcers, or pressure ulcers) are open wounds in the skin that are caused by immobility. People who cannot move perhaps because

More information

What is a pressure sore?

What is a pressure sore? CHAPTER 5 Skin Care People with spinal cord injuries need to take particular care of their skin as sensation that would normally provide warning of possible skin damage, ie pain, discomfort and extremes

More information

Lung cancer (non-small-cell)

Lung cancer (non-small-cell) Patient information from the BMJ Group Lung cancer (non-small-cell) It can be devastating to find out that you or someone close to you has lung cancer. You will have to make some important decisions about

More information

4 Tissue Maturation: Epithelialization

4 Tissue Maturation: Epithelialization Treatment of Sores Figure 1. Wound Healing Process Wound Blood Clot Blood Blood Vessel Fat Tissue The wound in the skin exposes deep tissue layers to the air. Scab Scab Exudate Granulation Tissue 3 Blood

More information

Understanding Debridement of Sores

Understanding Debridement of Sores Understanding Debridement of Sores Introduction Some sores have trouble healing on their own. Sores that will not heal are also known as wounds or chronic wounds. A chronic wound is a sore that is having

More information

How to prevent blood clots whilst in hospital and after your return home

How to prevent blood clots whilst in hospital and after your return home How to prevent blood clots whilst in hospital and after your return home Patient information WHAT What IS is DEEP deep VEIN vein THROMBOSIS? thrombosis? Deep Vein Thrombosis DVT is a blood clot within

More information

Understand nurse aide skills needed to promote skin integrity.

Understand nurse aide skills needed to promote skin integrity. Unit B Resident Care Skills Essential Standard NA5.00 Understand nurse aide s role in providing residents hygiene, grooming, and skin care. Indicator Understand nurse aide skills needed to promote skin

More information

NHS South of Tyne and Wear Leg Ulcer Clinic

NHS South of Tyne and Wear Leg Ulcer Clinic NHS South of Tyne and Wear Leg Ulcer Clinic Gateshead Primary Care Trust South Tyneside Primary Care Trust Sunderland Teaching Primary Care Trust 2 What are the aims of this leaflet? This leaflet has been

More information

Treat Your Feet: Foot care for people with diabetes

Treat Your Feet: Foot care for people with diabetes Treat Your Feet: Foot care for people with diabetes UHN People with diabetes often have trouble with their feet. Read this booklet to learn 7 steps to keep your feet healthy. Please visit the UHN Patient

More information

Ovarian cancer. Patient information from the BMJ Group. What is ovarian cancer? What are the symptoms?

Ovarian cancer. Patient information from the BMJ Group. What is ovarian cancer? What are the symptoms? Patient information from the BMJ Group Ovarian cancer Ovarian cancer is a serious disease. If it s diagnosed at an early stage, ovarian cancer can usually be cured. But even cancers that are more advanced

More information

How does Diabetes Effect the Feet

How does Diabetes Effect the Feet How does Diabetes Effect the Feet What Skin Changes May Occur? Diabetes can cause changes in the skin of your foot. At times your foot may become very dry. The skin may peel and crack. The problem is that

More information

Fit Feet Steps to healthy foot care

Fit Feet Steps to healthy foot care English Fit Feet Steps to healthy foot care Why is foot care so important when you have diabetes? When living with diabetes, it is important to have good blood glucose control. Having too much glucose

More information

Plantar Fascia Release

Plantar Fascia Release Plantar Fascia Release Introduction Plantar fasciitis is a common condition that causes pain around the heel. It may be severe enough to affect regular activities. If other treatments are unsuccessful,

More information

Government of Western Australia Department of Health North Metropolitan Health Service. Preventing Pressure Injuries

Government of Western Australia Department of Health North Metropolitan Health Service. Preventing Pressure Injuries Government of Western Australia Department of Health North Metropolitan Health Service Preventing Pressure Injuries This document can be made in alternative formats, such as large print, cd or electronically,

More information

Rivaroxaban to prevent blood clots for patients who have a lower limb plaster cast. Information for patients Pharmacy

Rivaroxaban to prevent blood clots for patients who have a lower limb plaster cast. Information for patients Pharmacy Rivaroxaban to prevent blood clots for patients who have a lower limb plaster cast Information for patients Pharmacy Your doctor has prescribed a tablet called rivaroxaban. This leaflet tells you about

More information

Cast removal what to expect #3 Patient Information Leaflet

Cast removal what to expect #3 Patient Information Leaflet Cast removal what to expect #3 Patient Information Leaflet SM466 Now your cast is off, self help is the key! Follow the advice given to you by your doctor and the staff in the clinic. Your skin will be

More information

Total hip replacement

Total hip replacement Patient Information to be retained by patient What is a total hip replacement? In a total hip replacement both the ball (femoral or thigh bone) side of the hip joint and the socket (acetabular or pelvic

More information

Cheekbone (zygoma) and/or eye socket (orbit) fracture surgery

Cheekbone (zygoma) and/or eye socket (orbit) fracture surgery Ambulatory Care & Local Networks Cheekbone (zygoma) and/or eye socket (orbit) fracture surgery Information for patients You have been treated in the Emergency Department for a broken (fractured) cheekbone

More information

Pressure Sores (Decubitus Ulcers)

Pressure Sores (Decubitus Ulcers) Pressure Sores (Decubitus Ulcers) Judith Stevens, M.Ed. With thanks to Dr. Toni Benton, Jennifer Thorne-Lehman, Araceli Domingo for contributing resource information. Thanks to Ann Chase Stevens for sharing

More information

Endoscopic Plantar Fasciotomy

Endoscopic Plantar Fasciotomy Endoscopic Plantar Fasciotomy Introduction Plantar fasciitis is a common condition that causes pain centralized around the heel. It may be severe enough to affect regular activities. Health care providers

More information

Venous Leg Ulcers. Information for patients and carers. Delivering the best in care. UHB is a no smoking Trust

Venous Leg Ulcers. Information for patients and carers. Delivering the best in care. UHB is a no smoking Trust Venous Leg Ulcers Information for patients and carers Delivering the best in care UHB is a no smoking Trust To see all of our current patient information leaflets please visit www.uhb.nhs.uk/patient-information-leaflets.htm

More information

How to help keep yourself safe

How to help keep yourself safe How to help keep yourself safe What you can do to reduce your chances of developing common avoidable conditions or harm: Inside you will find some information and simple steps you can take to help yourself

More information

Lumbar Laminectomy and Interspinous Process Fusion

Lumbar Laminectomy and Interspinous Process Fusion Lumbar Laminectomy and Interspinous Process Fusion Introduction Low back and leg pain caused by pinched nerves in the back is a common condition that limits your ability to move, walk, and work. This condition

More information

Date Problem Goal Interventions Discipline Review 12/30/ Worried and scared since readmission Crying more frequently

Date Problem Goal Interventions Discipline Review 12/30/ Worried and scared since readmission Crying more frequently Mrs. M. Care Plan (Post Significant Change) Mrs. Cynthia M is a 90-year-old, Caucasian female, born June 22, 1920 in Germany and immigrated to the United States when she was seven years old. Mrs. M speaks

More information

Quality Measures for Long-stay Residents Percent of residents whose need for help with daily activities has increased.

Quality Measures for Long-stay Residents Percent of residents whose need for help with daily activities has increased. Quality Measures for Long-stay Residents Percent of residents whose need for help with daily activities has increased. This graph shows the percent of residents whose need for help doing basic daily tasks

More information

About MRSA. Information for people going into hospital. Easy read

About MRSA. Information for people going into hospital. Easy read About MRSA Information for people going into hospital Easy read This is an Easy read version of a leaflet called MRSA Screening A positive result MRSA Screening A positive result This leaflet is for people

More information

Going Home after Replantation Surgery

Going Home after Replantation Surgery Going Home after Replantation Surgery TWH Information for patients and families Read this booklet to learn: how to care for yourself what problems to look out for how to take care of your wound sites who

More information

PATIENT TEACHING GUIDE: Wound Care Handbook

PATIENT TEACHING GUIDE: Wound Care Handbook PATIENT TEACHING GUIDE: Wound Care Handbook PATIENT TEACHING GUIDE: WOUND CARE Design by Mariscal Design, Illustrations by Lysa Hawke. The Wound Care Self Care Guide was written and prepared by: Barbara

More information

Procedure Information Guide

Procedure Information Guide Procedure Information Guide Total hip replacement Brought to you in association with EIDO and endorsed by the The Royal College of Surgeons of England Discovery has made every effort to ensure that the

More information

Diabetes and your feet

Diabetes and your feet The Society of Chiropodists and Podiatrists Diabetes and your feet A guide to maintaining healthy feet for people with diabetes Diabetes and your feet 3 Diabetes and your feet Many people with diabetes

More information

Procedure Information Guide

Procedure Information Guide Procedure Information Guide Resurfacing hip replacement Brought to you in association with EIDO and endorsed by the The Royal College of Surgeons of England Discovery has made every effort to ensure that

More information

A simple guide to the prevention and treatment of Diabetic Foot Ulcers

A simple guide to the prevention and treatment of Diabetic Foot Ulcers References: 1. Diabetes, foot care and foot ulcers. Available from http;//www.patient.co.uk. Diabetes foot ulcers. Available from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/ patientinstructions.000077.htm

More information

Pressure Ulcer Passport

Pressure Ulcer Passport Pressure Ulcer Passport Information for patients This is a record of the treatment you are receiving for your pressure ulcer injury. Please bring it with you to all your healthcare appointments. This will

More information

VARICOSE VEINS. Information Leaflet. Your Health. Our Priority. VTE Ambulatory Clinic Stepping Hill Hospital

VARICOSE VEINS. Information Leaflet. Your Health. Our Priority. VTE Ambulatory Clinic Stepping Hill Hospital VARICOSE VEINS Information Leaflet Your Health. Our Priority. Page 2 of 7 Varicose Veins There are no accurate figures for the number of people with varicose veins. Some studies suggest that 3 in 100 people

More information

Parkinson's Disease. It gets worse as people who have it get older. These nerves help to control your movement.

Parkinson's Disease. It gets worse as people who have it get older. These nerves help to control your movement. Parkinson's Disease Parkinson's Disease is an illness affecting the brain. It gets worse as people who have it get older. Parkinson's Disease happens when certain nerve cells in the brain do not work properly.

More information

Patient Guide. Sacroiliac Joint Pain

Patient Guide. Sacroiliac Joint Pain Patient Guide Sacroiliac Joint Pain Anatomy Where is the Sacroiliac Joint? The sacroiliac joint (SIJ) is located at the bottom end of your spine, where the "tailbone" (sacrum) joins the pelvis (ilium).

More information

11 Lumbar Discectomy Lumbar Discectomy Hamilton Health Sciences, 2008 PD /2016 dpc/pted/lumbardiscectomy-trh.doc dt/march 3, 2016

11 Lumbar Discectomy Lumbar Discectomy Hamilton Health Sciences, 2008 PD /2016 dpc/pted/lumbardiscectomy-trh.doc dt/march 3, 2016 Lumbar Discectomy 1 Lumbar Discectomy Table of contents Page What is a discectomy?... 1 Why do I need a discectomy?... 2 Before your surgery... 2 After your surgery... 3 The Pain Scale... 3 When will I

More information

Preventing & Treating Low Back Pain

Preventing & Treating Low Back Pain Preventing & Treating Low Back Pain An Introduction to Low Back Pain Low back pain is the number two reason that Americans see a health care practitioner second only to colds and flu. While most people

More information

Depression in children and adolescents

Depression in children and adolescents Patient information from the BMJ Group Depression in children and adolescents Depression is an illness that affects people of all ages, including children and teenagers. It can stop a child or teenager

More information

Level 1, 131-135 Summer Street ORANGE NSW 2800 Ph: 02 63631688 Fax: 02 63631865

Level 1, 131-135 Summer Street ORANGE NSW 2800 Ph: 02 63631688 Fax: 02 63631865 Write questions or notes here: Level 1, 131-135 Summer Street ORANGE NSW 2800 Ph: 02 63631688 Fax: 02 63631865 Document Title: Revision Total Hip Replacement Further Information and Feedback: Tell us how

More information

OS16 Shoulder Surgery (Rotator Cuff)

OS16 Shoulder Surgery (Rotator Cuff) OS16 Shoulder Surgery (Rotator Cuff) Expires end of May 2015 Issued December 2013 You can get information locally by contacting the Senior Nurse on duty at your local Ramsay Health Care hospital or treatment

More information

APPLICATION OF DRY DRESSING

APPLICATION OF DRY DRESSING G-100 APPLICATION OF DRY DRESSING PURPOSE To aid in the management of a wound with minimal drainage. To protect the wound from injury, prevent introduction of bacteria, reduce discomfort, and assist with

More information

Low Back Pain Introduction What Are the Parts of the Spine? How Does Your Spine Change With Age?

Low Back Pain Introduction What Are the Parts of the Spine? How Does Your Spine Change With Age? Low Back Pain Introduction Back problems are common, affecting about 80 percent of adults at some time in their lives. Back problems may begin for many reasons including minor strains, sprains or injuries.

More information

Removal of Haemorrhoids (Haemorrhoidectomy) Information for patients

Removal of Haemorrhoids (Haemorrhoidectomy) Information for patients Removal of Haemorrhoids (Haemorrhoidectomy) Information for patients What are Haemorrhoids? Haemorrhoids (piles) are enlarged blood vessels around the anus (back passage). There are two types of haemorrhoids:

More information

Arthroscopic subacromial decompression and rotator cuff repair

Arthroscopic subacromial decompression and rotator cuff repair Further sources of information http://www.patient.co.uk/showdoc/553/ http://www.shoulderdoc.co.uk/article.asp?section=11 http://www.medic8.com/healthguide/articles/painfulshoulder.html http://www.cks.nhs.uk/patientinformationleaflet/shoulderpainarc/st

More information

Renal Vascular Access Having a Fistula For Haemodialysis

Renal Vascular Access Having a Fistula For Haemodialysis Renal Vascular Access Having a Fistula For Haemodialysis Delivering the best in care UHB is a no smoking Trust To see all of our current patient information leaflets please visit www.uhb.nhs.uk/patient-information-leaflets.htm

More information

The Radiotherapy Department Radiotherapy to the chest wall and lymph nodes

The Radiotherapy Department Radiotherapy to the chest wall and lymph nodes Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust The Radiotherapy Department Radiotherapy to the chest wall and lymph nodes Information for patients Introduction This leaflet is for people who have had surgery for

More information

1. General information on bedridden patients

1. General information on bedridden patients - 1 TRAINING OF PHYSIOTHERAPISTS AND DOCTORS IN HOSPITALS PT PROTOCOL FOR BEDRIDDEN PATIENTS 1. General information on bedridden patients 1.1. Definition A bedridden patient is a patient that, for some

More information

Further information You can get more information and share your experience at www.aboutmyhealth.org

Further information You can get more information and share your experience at www.aboutmyhealth.org OS01 Total Hip Replacement Further information You can get more information and share your experience at www.aboutmyhealth.org Local information You can get information locally from: Taunton and Somerset

More information

Diabetic Foot Intervention

Diabetic Foot Intervention Diabetic Foot Intervention Why does diabetes cause foot problems? Diabetes can affect the health of the feet in more than one way: Diabetes can damage nerves Nerves allow us to feel pain. While pain doesn

More information

Community home-based prevention of disability due to lymphatic filariasis

Community home-based prevention of disability due to lymphatic filariasis Community home-based prevention of disability due to lymphatic filariasis World Health Organization Geneva WHO/CDS/CPE/CEE/2003.35 Part 3 Figure 1 Wash your leg, or other part of the body affected by lymphoedema,

More information

Joint Replacement 101. Ohio Valley Medical Center and East Ohio Regional Hospital Pre- surgical Class for Total Joint Replacements

Joint Replacement 101. Ohio Valley Medical Center and East Ohio Regional Hospital Pre- surgical Class for Total Joint Replacements Joint Replacement 101 Ohio Valley Medical Center and East Ohio Regional Hospital Pre- surgical Class for Total Joint Replacements Ohio Valley Medical Center and East Ohio Regional Hospital are both certified

More information

Foot Care. Taking steps towards good FOR AT-RISK FEET. HIGH RISK of developing serious. Person with Diabetes

Foot Care. Taking steps towards good FOR AT-RISK FEET. HIGH RISK of developing serious. Person with Diabetes Person with Diabetes Taking steps towards good Foot Care FOR AT-RISK FEET Your healthcare professional has found that as a person with Diabetes your feet have a HIGH RISK of developing serious problems

More information

Post-thrombotic syndrome

Post-thrombotic syndrome Information for patients Post-thrombotic syndrome Sheffield Vascular Institute Northern General Hospital You have been diagnosed as having Post-Thrombotic Syndrome. This leaflet explains more about Post-

More information

Umbilical or Paraumbilical Hernia Adults

Umbilical or Paraumbilical Hernia Adults Umbilical or Paraumbilical Hernia Adults WHAT IS AN UMBILICAL OR PARAUMBILICAL HERNIA? 2 THE OPERATION? 2 ANY ALTERNATIVES 3 BEFORE THE OPERATION 3 AFTER YOUR SURGERY - IN HOSPITAL 4 POSSIBLE COMPLICATIONS?

More information

About one-half of all smokers die of a disease caused by smoking.the most common ones are lung cancer, heart disease, and strokes

About one-half of all smokers die of a disease caused by smoking.the most common ones are lung cancer, heart disease, and strokes Patient information from the BMJ Group Stopping smoking Smoking harms your health, but it's difficult to stop. That s because most people who smoke have become addicted to nicotine, a chemical in tobacco.

More information

Orthopaedic Spine Center. Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion (ACDF) Normal Discs

Orthopaedic Spine Center. Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion (ACDF) Normal Discs Orthopaedic Spine Center Graham Calvert MD James Woodall MD PhD Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion (ACDF) Normal Discs The cervical spine consists of the bony vertebrae, discs, nerves and other structures.

More information

Preventing Pressure Ulcers and Assisting With Wound Care

Preventing Pressure Ulcers and Assisting With Wound Care Preventing Pressure Ulcers and Assisting With Wound Care C H A P T E R 19 A nursing assistant makes an occupied bed. Providing clean, wrinkle-free linens is just one way that nursing assistants help to

More information

Advice about MRSA for people not in hospital. If you have MRSA, this leaflet tells you about things you should do in your everyday life.

Advice about MRSA for people not in hospital. If you have MRSA, this leaflet tells you about things you should do in your everyday life. Advice about MRSA for people not in hospital If you have MRSA, this leaflet tells you about things you should do in your everyday life. Easy read This booklet is about a germ called MRSA. It is an Easy

More information

Patient Information. Posterior Cervical Surgery. Here to help. Respond Deliver & Enable

Patient Information. Posterior Cervical Surgery. Here to help. Respond Deliver & Enable Here to help Our Health Information Centre (HIC) provides advice and information on a wide range of health-related topics. We also offer: Services for people with disabilities. Information in large print,

More information

Lesson 2: Save your Smile from Tooth Decay

Lesson 2: Save your Smile from Tooth Decay Lesson 2: Save your Smile from Tooth Decay OVERVIEW Objectives: By the end of the lesson, the Lay Health Worker will be able to: 1. Describe what tooth decay is and how it happens. 2. State the causes

More information

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) Normally your blood moves freely throughout the body without any problems. However, if a blood clot forms in a vein it can stop your blood flowing properly. A clot that forms

More information

All you need to know about Arterial leg ulceration

All you need to know about Arterial leg ulceration All you need to know about Arterial leg ulceration What is an arterial leg ulcer? This is an area of damaged skin that usually occurs below the knee. What causes an arterial leg ulcer? Arterial leg ulcers

More information

Radiotherapy to the chest wall

Radiotherapy to the chest wall Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust The Radiotherapy Department Radiotherapy to the chest wall Information for patients Introduction This leaflet is for people who have had surgery for breast cancer

More information

SCRIPT NUMBER 102 PNEUMONIA-2 (TWO SPEAKERS)

SCRIPT NUMBER 102 PNEUMONIA-2 (TWO SPEAKERS) SCRIPT NUMBER 102 PNEUMONIA-2 (TWO SPEAKERS) PROGRAM NAME: HEALTH NUGGETS PROGRAM TITLE: PNEUMONIA-2 PROGRAM NUMBER: 102 SUBJECT: SYMPTOMS, PHYSIOLOGY, CAUSES, PREVENTION OF PNEUMONIA KEY WORDS: MUCUS,

More information

MRSA. Living with. Acknowledgements. (Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus)

MRSA. Living with. Acknowledgements. (Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus) How can I keep myself healthy? Hand washing and use of an alcohol-based hand sanitizer are the primary way to prevent acquiring or transmitting bacteria. If you get a cut or scrape, wash it well with soap

More information

Chemotherapy Side Effects Worksheet

Chemotherapy Side Effects Worksheet Page 1 of 6 Chemotherapy Side Effects Worksheet Medicines or drugs that destroy cancer cells are called cancer chemotherapy. It is sometimes the first choice for treating many cancers. Chemotherapy differs

More information

Cardiac Catheter Lab Information for patients having a Coronary Angiogram

Cardiac Catheter Lab Information for patients having a Coronary Angiogram Cardiac Catheter Lab Information for patients having a Coronary Angiogram Page 1 of 5 What is a Coronary Angiogram? This is a test that uses dye and special x-rays to show the inside of your coronary arteries.

More information

Low Back Surgery. Remember to bring this handout to the hospital with you.

Low Back Surgery. Remember to bring this handout to the hospital with you. Remember to bring this handout to the hospital with you. Table of contents Page Why do I need low back surgery?... 1 What kinds of low back surgeries are there?... 2 Before your surgery... 3 After your

More information

Inservice: Wound Care and Dressings. Friday, June 26, 2009. A. Closed Wounds tissue is injured but skin is not BROKEN

Inservice: Wound Care and Dressings. Friday, June 26, 2009. A. Closed Wounds tissue is injured but skin is not BROKEN f Inservice: Wound Care and Dressings Friday, June 26, 2009 WOUNDS: Are injuries of the skin and underlying subcutaneous tissues and muscles (Nursing Manual by Lippincott) Are disruptions in the integrity

More information

Posterior Lumbar Decompression for Spinal Stenosis

Posterior Lumbar Decompression for Spinal Stenosis Posterior Lumbar Decompression for Spinal Stenosis Spinal Unit Tel: 01473 702032 or 702097 Issue 5: August 2014 Review date: July 2017 Following your recent MRI scan and consultation with your spinal surgeon

More information

Level 1, 131-135 Summer Street ORANGE NSW 2800 Ph: 02 63631688 Fax: 02 63631865

Level 1, 131-135 Summer Street ORANGE NSW 2800 Ph: 02 63631688 Fax: 02 63631865 Write questions or notes here: Level 1, 131-135 Summer Street ORANGE NSW 2800 Ph: 02 63631688 Fax: 02 63631865 Document Title: Total Knee Replacement Further Information and Feedback: Tell us how useful

More information

V03 Varicose Veins Surgery

V03 Varicose Veins Surgery V03 Varicose Veins Surgery What are varicose veins? Varicose veins are enlarged and twisted veins in the leg. They are common and affect up to 3 in 10 people. More women than men ask for treatment, with

More information

Patient & Family Guide. Venous Leg Ulcers.

Patient & Family Guide. Venous Leg Ulcers. Patient & Family Guide 2016 Venous Leg Ulcers www.nshealth.ca Venous Leg Ulcers What are venous leg ulcers? The words leg ulcer are used to describe a variety of open sores below the knee that are slow

More information

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) in pregnancy

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) in pregnancy Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) in pregnancy Information and advice for women and families Maternity What is a deep vein thrombosis (DVT)? A deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a blood clot that forms in a deep leg

More information

Skin biopsy. Delivering the best in care. UHB is a no smoking Trust

Skin biopsy. Delivering the best in care. UHB is a no smoking Trust Skin biopsy Delivering the best in care UHB is a no smoking Trust To see all of our current patient information leaflets please visit www.uhb.nhs.uk/patient-information-leaflets.htm A skin biopsy is a

More information

ARTHRITIS INTRODUCTION

ARTHRITIS INTRODUCTION ARTHRITIS INTRODUCTION Arthritis is the most common disease affecting the joints. There are various forms of arthritis but the two that are the most common are osteoarthritis (OA), and rheumatoid arthritis

More information

Colon Cancer Surgery and Recovery. A Guide for Patients and Families

Colon Cancer Surgery and Recovery. A Guide for Patients and Families Colon Cancer Surgery and Recovery A Guide for Patients and Families This Booklet You are receiving this booklet because you will be having surgery shortly. This booklet tells you what to do before, during,

More information

HOW TO CARE FOR A PATIENT WITH DIABETES

HOW TO CARE FOR A PATIENT WITH DIABETES HOW TO CARE FOR A PATIENT WITH DIABETES INTRODUCTION Diabetes is one of the most common diseases in the United States, and diabetes is a disease that affects the way the body handles blood sugar. Approximately

More information

Cardiac Resynchronisation Therapy/Pacemaker

Cardiac Resynchronisation Therapy/Pacemaker Information For Patients Cardiac Resynchronisation Therapy/Pacemaker Liverpool Heart and Chest Hospital NHS Trust Thomas Drive Liverpool Merseyside L14 3PE Telephone: 0151-228 1616 www.lhch.nhs.uk This

More information

Skin Graft Your Operation Explained

Skin Graft Your Operation Explained Skin Graft Your Operation Explained Patient Information Introduction This leaflet has been written to help you understand the skin graft you are about to have. We hope it will answer some of the questions

More information

Posterior Cervical Decompression

Posterior Cervical Decompression Posterior Cervical Decompression Spinal Unit Tel: 01473 702032 or 702097 Issue 2: January 2009 Following your recent MRI scan and consultation with your spinal surgeon, you have been diagnosed with a

More information

It can be devastating to be diagnosed with a cancer like multiple myeloma. But there are treatments that can help you live longer and feel better.

It can be devastating to be diagnosed with a cancer like multiple myeloma. But there are treatments that can help you live longer and feel better. Patient information from the BMJ Group It can be devastating to be diagnosed with a cancer like multiple myeloma. But there are treatments that can help you live longer and feel better. What is multiple

More information

Venous Leg Ulcer. Vascular services

Venous Leg Ulcer. Vascular services What is a venous leg ulcer? A venous leg ulcer is an area of broken skin on the lower leg caused by increased pressure in the veins in the leg. It can vary in colour and size and you may also have symptoms

More information

Recent Injuries. www.physiofirst.org.uk

Recent Injuries. www.physiofirst.org.uk Recent Injuries www.physiofirst.org.uk A recent or acute injury can occur suddenly during any activity, from tripping over the kerb, to making the bed, to playing sport. In some cases, an acute injury

More information

Postnatal depression is an illness. It is not a sign that you don't love your baby or can't look after your baby properly.

Postnatal depression is an illness. It is not a sign that you don't love your baby or can't look after your baby properly. Patient information from the BMJ Group Postnatal depression Postnatal depression is an illness that women can get after having a baby. If you have it, you may feel sad and anxious, and find it hard to

More information

Genital herpes the basics

Genital herpes the basics Genital herpes the basics Genital herpes is caused by two viruses called Herpes simplex, types 1 and 2. The viruses are very similar and both can cause blisters or ulcers. When these occur on the face

More information

Posterior Lumbar Decompression for Spinal Stenosis

Posterior Lumbar Decompression for Spinal Stenosis Posterior Lumbar Decompression for Spinal Stenosis Issue 6: March 2016 Review date: February 2019 Following your recent MRI scan and consultation with your spinal surgeon you have been diagnosed with

More information

Recurrent Varicose Veins

Recurrent Varicose Veins Information for patients Recurrent Varicose Veins Sheffield Vascular Institute Northern General Hospital You have been diagnosed as having Varicose Veins that have recurred (come back). This leaflet explains

More information

Osteoarthritis (OA) of the Knee

Osteoarthritis (OA) of the Knee Integrated Musculoskeletal Service Osteoarthritis (OA) of the Knee Information and Exercise Leaflet for Patient s and Carers What is osteoarthritis? Arthritis means inflammation of the joints. Osteoarthritis

More information

Preventing blood clots while you are in hospital and after you leave. Information for patients Pharmacy

Preventing blood clots while you are in hospital and after you leave. Information for patients Pharmacy Preventing blood clots while you are in hospital and after you leave Information for patients Pharmacy Why does blood clot? When we cut ourselves, we bleed. To stop us from bleeding too much, chemicals

More information

About removal of haemorrhoids (Haemorrhoidectomy)

About removal of haemorrhoids (Haemorrhoidectomy) Other formats About removal of haemorrhoids (Haemorrhoidectomy) If you need this information in another format such as audio tape or computer disk, Braille, large print, high contrast, British Sign Language

More information

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis Osteoarthritis www.arthritis.org.nz Did you know? There are over 140 different types of arthritis. The most common is osteoarthritis (OA). Arthritis affects one in six New Zealanders over the age of 15

More information

REHABILITATION FOLLOWING A LOWER LIMB AMPUTATION

REHABILITATION FOLLOWING A LOWER LIMB AMPUTATION REHABILITATION FOLLOWING A LOWER LIMB AMPUTATION This booklet gives you information about the rehabilitation process following your amputation. The information is a guide as everyone will progress differently

More information

People who are likely to have swine flu may be offered antiviral medicines.

People who are likely to have swine flu may be offered antiviral medicines. Patient information from the BMJ Group Swine flu There's been a lot of concern about the spread of swine flu, a new strain of flu virus that emerged in 2009. However, there are treatments that can help

More information