Oligopoly. What Is Oligopoly? What is Oligopoly?


 Randell Matthews
 1 years ago
 Views:
Transcription
1 CHAPTER 13B After studying this chapter you will be able to Oligopoly Define and identify oligopoly Explain two traditional oligopoly models Use game theory to explain how price and output are determined in oligopoly Use game theory to explain other strategic decisions PC War Games In some markets there are only two firms. Computer chips are an example. The chips that drive most PCs are made by Intel and Advanced Micro Devices. How does competition between just two chip makers work? Do they operate in the social interest, like the firms in perfect competition? Or do they restrict output to increase profit, like a monopoly? What Is Oligopoly? The distinguishing features of oligopoly are Natural or legal barriers that prevent entry of new firms A small number of firms compete What is Oligopoly? Barriers to Entry Either natural or legal barriers to entry can create oligopoly. Figure 13.9 shows two oligopoly situations. In part (a), there is a natural duopoly a market with two firms. 1
2 What is Oligopoly? In part (b), there is a natural oligopoly market with three firms. A legal oligopoly might arise even where the demand and costs leave room for a larger number of firms. What is Oligopoly? What is Oligopoly? Small Number of Firms Because an oligopoly market has a small number of firms, the firms are interdependent and face a temptation to cooperate. Interdependence: With a small number of firms, each firm s profit depends on every firm s actions. Cartel: A cartel and is an illegal group of firms acting together to limit output, raise price, and increase profit. Firms in oligopoly face the temptation to form a cartel, but aside from being illegal, cartels often break down. Examples of Oligopoly Figure shows some examples of oligopoly. Four largest firms Next four largest firms Next 12 largest firms An HHI that exceeds 1,000 is usually an oligopoly. An HHI below 1,000 is usually monopolistic competition. The Kinked Demand Curve Model In the kinked demand curve model of oligopoly, each firm believes that if it raises its price, its competitors will not follow, but if it lowers its price all of its competitors will follow. 2
3 Figure shows the kinked demand curve model. The firm believes that the demand for its product has a kink at the current price and quantity. Above the kink, demand is relatively elastic because all other firm s prices remain unchanged. Below the kink, demand is relatively inelastic because all other firm s prices change in line with the price of the firm shown in the figure. The kink in the demand curve means that the MR curve is discontinuous at the current quantity shown by that gap AB in the figure. This slide helps to envisage why the kink in the demand curve puts a break in the marginal revenue curve. 3
4 Fluctuations in MC that remain within the discontinuous portion of the MR curve leave the profitmaximizing quantity and price unchanged. For example, if costs increased so that the MC curve shifted upward from MC 0 to MC 1, the profitmaximizing price and quantity would not change. The beliefs that generate the kinked demand curve are not always correct and firms can figure out this fact. If MC increases enough, all firms raise their prices and the kink vanishes. A firm that bases its actions on wrong beliefs doesn t maximize profit. Dominant Firm Oligopoly In a dominant firm oligopoly, there is one large firm that has a significant cost advantage over many other, smaller competing firms. The large firm operates as a monopoly, setting its price and output to maximize its profit. The small firms act as perfect competitors, taking as given the market price set by the dominant firm. Figure shows10 small firms in part (a). The demand curve, D, is the market demand and the supply curve S 10 is the supply of the 10 small firms. 4
5 At a price of $1.50, the 10 small firms produce the quantity demanded. At this price, the large firm would sell nothing. But if the price was $1.00, the 10 small firms would supply only half the market, leaving the rest to the large firm. The demand curve for the large firm s output is the curve XD on the right. The large firm can set the price and receives a marginal revenue that is less than price along the curve MR. The large firm maximizes profit by setting MR = MC. Let s suppose that the marginal cost curve is MC in the figure. The profitmaximizing quantity for the large firm is 10 units. The price charged is $
6 The small firms take this price and supply the rest of the quantity demanded. In the long run, such an industry might become a monopoly as the large firm buys up the small firms and cuts costs. THE END 6
Lecture 12: Imperfect Competition
Lecture 12: Imperfect Competition Readings: Chapters 14,15 Q: How relevant are the Perfect Competition and Monopoly models to the real world? A: Very few real world business is carried out in industries
More informationUNIT 6 cont PRICING UNDER DIFFERENT MARKET STRUCTURES. Monopolistic Competition
UNIT 6 cont PRICING UNDER DIFFERENT MARKET STRUCTURES Monopolistic Competition Market Structure Perfect Competition Pure Monopoly Monopolistic Competition Oligopoly Duopoly Monopoly The further right on
More informationUnit 8. Firm behaviour and market structure: monopolistic competition and oligopoly
Unit 8. Firm behaviour and market structure: monopolistic competition and oligopoly Learning objectives: to understand the interdependency of firms and their tendency to collude or to form a cartel; to
More informationChapter 7: Market Structures Section 3
Chapter 7: Market Structures Section 3 Objectives 1. Describe characteristics and give examples of monopolistic competition. 2. Explain how firms compete without lowering prices. 3. Understand how firms
More informationMULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
MBA 640 Survey of Microeconomics Fall 2006, Quiz 6 Name MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) A monopoly is best defined as a firm that
More informationOligopoly. Models of Oligopoly Behavior No single general model of oligopoly behavior exists. Oligopoly. Interdependence.
Oligopoly Chapter 162 Models of Oligopoly Behavior No single general model of oligopoly behavior exists. Oligopoly An oligopoly is a market structure characterized by: Few firms Either standardized or
More informationMODULE 64: INTRODUCTION TO OLIGOPOLY Schmidty School of Economics. Wednesday, December 4, 2013 9:20:15 PM Central Standard Time
MODULE 64: INTRODUCTION TO OLIGOPOLY Schmidty School of Economics Learning Targets I Can Understand why oligopolists have an incentive to act in ways that reduce their combined profit. Explain why oligopolies
More informationMULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
Chap 13 Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly These questions may include topics that were not covered in class and may not be on the exam. MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes
More informationStructures. Name: Class: Date: Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
Class: Date: Structures Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. A market with a large number of sellers a. can only be a perfectly competitive
More informationMULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
Eco201 Review questions for chapters 14, 15 and 7. Prof. Bill Even MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) A characteristic of monopolistic
More informationMPP 801 Monopoly Kevin Wainwright Study Questions
MPP 801 Monopoly Kevin Wainwright Study Questions MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) The marginal revenue facing a monopolist A) is
More informationChapter 16 Oligopoly What Is Oligopoly?
Chapter 16 Oligopoly 16.1 What Is Oligopoly? 1) Sammy's Inc. competes with a few other firms because there are natural barriers to entry. Sammy's operates in A) a perfectly competitive market. B) an oligopoly.
More informationMonopolistic Competition
CHAPTER 13A After studying this chapter you will be able to Monopolistic Define and identify monopolistic competition Explain how output and price are determined in a monopolistically competitive industry
More informationPreTest Chapter 23 ed17
PreTest Chapter 23 ed17 Multiple Choice Questions 1. The kinkeddemand curve model of oligopoly: A. assumes a firm's rivals will ignore a price cut but match a price increase. B. embodies the possibility
More informationLecture 7 Markets with market power. (Please note that there is no Part II of Lecture 6)
Lecture 7 Markets with market power (Please note that there is no Part II of Lecture 6) Four idealized types of market structure Perfect competition: many sellers; they are selling an identical product
More informationMonopolistic Competition 13A CHAPTER
Monopolistic Competition 13A CHAPTER After studying this chapter you will be able to Define and identify monopolistic competition Explain how output and price are determined in a monopolistically competitive
More informationOnline Review Copy. AP Micro Chapter 8 Test. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
AP Micro Chapter 8 Test Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. There would be some control over price within rather narrow limits in which market
More informationChapter 16 Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly
Chapter 16 Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly Market Structure Market structure refers to the physical characteristics of the market within which firms interact It is determined by the number of firms
More informationEcon 111 (04) 2nd Midterm A
Econ 111 (04) 2nd Midterm A MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) Which one of the following does not occur in perfect competition? A)
More informationLearning Objectives. Chapter 6. Market Structures. Market Structures (cont.) The Two Extremes: Perfect Competition and Pure Monopoly
Chapter 6 The Two Extremes: Perfect Competition and Pure Monopoly Learning Objectives List the four characteristics of a perfectly competitive market. Describe how a perfect competitor makes the decision
More informationOLIGOPOLY. Nature of Oligopoly. What Causes Oligopoly?
CH 11: OLIGOPOLY 1 OLIGOPOLY When a few big firms dominate the market, the situation is called oligopoly. Any action of one firm will affect the performance of other firms. If one of the firms reduces
More informationC H A P T E R 12. Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly CHAPTER OUTLINE
C H A P T E R 12 Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly CHAPTER OUTLINE 12.1 Monopolistic Competition 12.2 Oligopoly 12.3 Price Competition 12.4 Competition versus Collusion: The Prisoners Dilemma 12.5
More informationPrice competition with homogenous products: The Bertrand duopoly model [Simultaneous move price setting duopoly]
ECON9 (Spring 0) & 350 (Tutorial ) Chapter Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly (Part ) Price competition with homogenous products: The Bertrand duopoly model [Simultaneous move price setting duopoly]
More information13 MONOPOLISTIC COMPETITION AND OLIGOPOLY. Chapter. Key Concepts
Chapter 13 MONOPOLISTIC COMPETITION AND OLIGOPOLY Key Concepts Monopolistic Competition The market structure of most industries lies between the extremes of perfect competition and monopoly. Monopolistic
More informationPerfect Competition. Chapter 12
CHAPTER CHECKLIST Perfect Competition Chapter 12 1. Explain a perfectly competitive firm s profit maximizing choices and derive its supply curve. 2. Explain how output, price, and profit are determined
More informationOligopoly. Unit 4: Imperfect Competition. Unit 4: Imperfect Competition 44. Oligopolies FOUR MARKET MODELS
1 Unit 4: Imperfect Competition FOUR MARKET MODELS Perfect Competition Monopolistic Competition Pure Characteristics of Oligopolies: A Few Large Producers (Less than 10) Identical or Differentiated Products
More informationFigure: Computing Monopoly Profit
Name: Date: 1. Most electric, gas, and water companies are examples of: A) unregulated monopolies. B) natural monopolies. C) restrictedinput monopolies. D) sunkcost monopolies. Use the following to answer
More informationPricing and Output Decisions: i Perfect. Managerial Economics: Economic Tools for Today s Decision Makers, 4/e By Paul Keat and Philip Young
Chapter 9 Pricing and Output Decisions: i Perfect Competition and Monopoly M i l E i E i Managerial Economics: Economic Tools for Today s Decision Makers, 4/e By Paul Keat and Philip Young Pricing and
More informationManagerial Economics & Business Strategy Chapter 9. Basic Oligopoly Models
Managerial Economics & Business Strategy Chapter 9 Basic Oligopoly Models Overview I. Conditions for Oligopoly? II. Role of Strategic Interdependence III. Profit Maximization in Four Oligopoly Settings
More informationMarket Structure: Duopoly and Oligopoly
WSG10 7/7/03 4:24 PM Page 145 10 Market Structure: Duopoly and Oligopoly OVERVIEW An oligopoly is an industry comprising a few firms. A duopoly, which is a special case of oligopoly, is an industry consisting
More informationEcn 221  Unit 10 Monopolistic Competition & Oligopoly
Ecn 221  Unit 10 Monopolistic Competition & Oligopoly An industry characterized by monopolistic competition is similar to the case of perfect competition in that there are many firms, and entry into the
More information5. The supply curve of a monopolist is A) upward sloping. B) nonexistent. C) perfectly inelastic. D) horizontal.
Chapter 12 monopoly 1. A monopoly firm is different from a competitive firm in that A) there are many substitutes for a monopolist's product but there are no substitutes for a competitive firm's product.
More informationChapter 13 Perfect Competition
Chapter 13 Perfect Competition 13.1 A Firm's ProfitMaximizing Choices 1) What is the difference between perfect competition and monopolistic competition? A) Perfect competition has a large number of small
More informationThis handout gives an overview of the main market structures including perfect competition, monopoly, monopolistic competition, and oligopoly.
Market Structures This handout gives an overview of the main market structures including perfect competition, monopoly, monopolistic competition, and oligopoly. Summary Chart Perfect Competition Monopoly
More informationChapter 9 Market Structure: Oligopoly
Economics for Managers by Paul Farnham Chapter 9 Market Structure: Oligopoly 9.1 Oligopoly A market structure characterized by competition among a small number of large firms that have market power, but
More informationEconS 301 Review Session #8 Chapter 11: Monopoly and Monopsony
EconS 301 Review Session #8 Chapter 11: Monopoly and Monopsony 1. Which of the following describes a correct relation between price elasticity of demand and a monopolist s marginal revenue when inverse
More informationChapter 9 Basic Oligopoly Models
Managerial Economics & Business Strategy Chapter 9 Basic Oligopoly Models McGrawHill/Irwin Copyright 2010 by the McGrawHill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Overview I. Conditions for Oligopoly?
More informationPreTest Chapter 22 ed17
PreTest Chapter 22 ed17 Multiple Choice Questions 1. Refer to the above diagram. At the profitmaximizing level of output, total revenue will be: A. NM times 0M. B. 0AJE. C. 0EGC. D. 0EHB. 2. For a pure
More informationBertrand with complements
Microeconomics, 2 nd Edition David Besanko and Ron Braeutigam Chapter 13: Market Structure and Competition Prepared by Katharine Rockett Dieter Balkenborg Todd Kaplan Miguel Fonseca Bertrand with complements
More informationOligopoly: How do firms behave when there are only a few competitors? These firms produce all or most of their industry s output.
Topic 8 Chapter 13 Oligopoly and Monopolistic Competition Econ 203 Topic 8 page 1 Oligopoly: How do firms behave when there are only a few competitors? These firms produce all or most of their industry
More informationMULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
Economics 103 Spring 2012: Multiple choice review questions for final exam. Exam will cover chapters on perfect competition, monopoly, monopolistic competition and oligopoly up to the Nash equilibrium
More information2013 Pearson. Why did GM fail?
Why did GM fail? Perfect Competition 15 When you have completed your study of this chapter, you will be able to CHAPTER CHECKLIST 1 Explain a perfectly competitive firm s profitmaximizing choices and
More informationChapter 7 Monopoly, Oligopoly and Strategy
Chapter 7 Monopoly, Oligopoly and Strategy After reading Chapter 7, MONOPOLY, OLIGOPOLY AND STRATEGY, you should be able to: Define the characteristics of Monopoly and Oligopoly, and explain why the are
More informationMicroeconomics Instructor Miller Practice Problems Monopolistic Competition
Microeconomics Instructor Miller Practice Problems Monopolistic Competition 1. A monopolistically competitive market is described as one in which there are A) a few firms producing an identical product.
More information5. Suppose demand is perfectly elastic, and the supply of the good in question
ECON 1620 Basic Economics Principles 2010 2011 2 nd Semester Mid term test (1) : 40 multiple choice questions Time allowed : 60 minutes 1. When demand is inelastic the price elasticity of demand is (A)
More information12 Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly
12 Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly Read Pindyck and Rubinfeld (2012), Chapter 12 09/04/2015 CHAPTER 12 OUTLINE 12.1 Monopolistic Competition 12.2 Oligopoly 12.3 Price Competition 12.4 Competition
More informationMULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question on the accompanying scantron.
Principles of Microeconomics, Quiz #5 Fall 2007 Name MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question on the accompanying scantron. 1) Perfect competition
More informationExam No. 3 Date: 7 or 9 May Instructor: Brian B. Young
Economics 212 Microeconomic Principles Exam No. 3 Date: 7 or 9 May 2012 Name The value of this exam is 100 points Instructor: Brian B. Young Please show your work where appropriate! Multiple Choice 2 points
More informationChapter 15 Monopolistic Competition
Chapter 15 Monopolistic Competition 15.1 What Is Monopolistic Competition? 1) An industry with a large number of firms, differentiated products, and free entry and exit is called A) perfect competition.
More informationLearning Objectives. Chapter 7. Characteristics of Monopolistic Competition. Monopolistic Competition. In Between the Extremes: Imperfect Competition
Chapter 7 In Between the Extremes: Imperfect Competition Learning Objectives List the five conditions that must be met for the existence of monopolistic competition. Describe the methods that firms can
More informationMICROECONOMICS  EXAM IV
MICROECONOMICS  EXAM IV Spring 2004 G. Garesché 1. a. On the axes below graph a competitive market. Identify the equilibrium price and quantity, and the consumer and producer surpluses. Supposing this
More information1. An economic institution that combines factors of production into outputs for consumers is a(n): A) industry. B) plant. C) firm. D) multinational.
Miami Dade College ECO 2023 Principles of Microeconomics Summer B 2014 Practice Test #3 1. An economic institution that combines factors of production into outputs for consumers is a(n): A) industry. B)
More informationMicro Chapter 11 Study Guide Questions
Micro Chapter 11 Study Guide Questions Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. A monopoly is best defined as a. a single seller of a product that
More informationSolution to Selected Questions: CHAPTER 12 MONOPOLISTIC COMPETITION AND OLIGOPOLY
Chulalongkorn University: BBA International Program, Faculty of Commerce and Accountancy 900 (Section ) Chairat Aemkulwat Economics I: Microeconomics Spring 05 Solution to Selected Questions: CHAPTER MONOPOLISTIC
More informationMULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
MBA 640, Survey of Microeconomics Fall 2006, Final Exam Name MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) The "law of demand" states that, other
More information1.The profit maximizing output level for a perfectly competitive firm is where A) P = MC. B) P = AVC. C) MC = ATC. D) MC = AVC. E) MC = AFC.
Test 4 Econ 3144 Name Fall 2001 Dr. Rupp 21 Multiple Choice Questions (52.5 points) & 5 Discussion Questions (52 points) This formula may be useful: MR = P(1 1/ E p ). 1.The profit maximizing output level
More informationEcon 002 Exam 3 McLeod FORM A. Name ID#
Econ 002 Exam 3 McLeod FORM A Name ID# Firm Total Sales 1 $50 million 2 $50 million 3 $40 million 4 $30 million 5 $20 million 6 $10 million 1. Refer to the table above. Assuming there are only 6 firms
More information1 st Exam. 7. Cindy's crossprice elasticity of magazine demand with respect to the price of books is
1 st Exam 1. Marginal utility measures: A) the total utility of all your consumption B) the total utility divided by the price of the good C) the increase in utility from consuming one additional unit
More information4. Market Structures. Learning Objectives 463. Market Structures
1. Supply and Demand: Introduction 3 2. Supply and Demand: Consumer Demand 33 3. Supply and Demand: Company Analysis 43 4. Market Structures 63 5. Key Formulas 81 2014 Allen Resources, Inc. All rights
More informationReview Test Ch 9, 10, 11 2
Review Test Ch 9, 10, 11 2 Student: 1. A onefirm industry is known as: A. monopolistic competition. B. oligopoly. C. pure monopoly. D. pure competition. 2. Which of the following is not a basic characteristic
More information8. In the table above, at what level of output is total revenue maximized? A) 3 B) 4 C) 5 D) 6 E) 7
Name: Date: 1. A monopoly A) consists of two to eight players, like the board game. B) must be inexpensive to create, as so many of them exist. C) is continually prone to the threat of entry from new rivals.
More informationMULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
Chapter 11 Monopoly practice Davidson spring2007 MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) A monopoly industry is characterized by 1) A)
More informationMULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question on the accompanying scantron.
Principles of Microeconomics Fall 2007, Quiz #6 Name MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question on the accompanying scantron. 1) A monopoly is
More information1. Suppose demand for a monopolist s product is given by P = 300 6Q
Solution for June, Micro Part A Each of the following questions is worth 5 marks. 1. Suppose demand for a monopolist s product is given by P = 300 6Q while the monopolist s marginal cost is given by MC
More informationMarket structures. 18. Oligopoly Gene Chang Univ. of Toledo. Examples. Oligopoly Market. Behavior of Oligopoly. Behavior of Oligopoly
Market structures 18. Oligopoly Gene Chang Univ. of Toledo We distinguish the market structure by examining the following characteristics in the industry: Number of firms in the industry Nature of the
More informationA Detailed Price Discrimination Example
A Detailed Price Discrimination Example Suppose that there are two different types of customers for a monopolist s product. Customers of type 1 have demand curves as follows. These demand curves include
More informationFinance 360 Problem Set #5 Solutions
Finance 360 Problem Set #5 Solutions 1) Suppose that the demand curve for video rentals has been estimated to be Q = 500 50P Further, your average costs of supplying videos is equal to AC = 8.006Q +.00000Q
More informationOligopoly: Introduction. Oligopoly. Oligopoly Models. Oligopoly: Analysis. ECON 370: Microeconomic Theory Summer 2004 Rice University Stanley Gilbert
Oligopoly: Introduction Oligopoly ECON 370: Microeconomic Theory Summer 00 Rice University Stanley Gilbert Alternative Models of Imperfect Competition Monopoly and monopolistic competition Duopoly  two
More informationRecap from last Session Determination of price and output in the short/long run Non Price Competition
31 : Oligopoly 1 Recap from last Session Determination of price and output in the short/long run Non Price Competition Session Outline Features of Oligopoly Noncollusive models of oligopoly Non price
More informationUnit 7. Firm behaviour and market structure: monopoly
Unit 7. Firm behaviour and market structure: monopoly Learning objectives: to identify and examine the sources of monopoly power; to understand the relationship between a monopolist s demand curve and
More informationMonopoly. Chapter 13. Monopoly and How It Arises. Singleprice Monopoly. Monopoly and Competition Compared. Price Discrimination
CHAPTER CHECKLIST Monopoly Chapter 13 1. Explain how monopoly arises and distinguish between singleprice monopoly and pricediscriminating monopoly. 2. Explain how a singleprice monopoly determines its
More informationProfit maximization in different market structures
Profit maximization in different market structures In the cappuccino problem as well in your team project, demand is clearly downward sloping if the store wants to sell more drink, it has to lower the
More informationChapter 8 Production Technology and Costs 8.1 Economic Costs and Economic Profit
Chapter 8 Production Technology and Costs 8.1 Economic Costs and Economic Profit 1) Accountants include costs as part of a firm's costs, while economists include costs. A) explicit; no explicit B) implicit;
More informationA. a change in demand. B. a change in quantity demanded. C. a change in quantity supplied. D. unit elasticity. E. a change in average variable cost.
1. The supply of gasoline changes, causing the price of gasoline to change. The resulting movement from one point to another along the demand curve for gasoline is called A. a change in demand. B. a change
More informationUniversity of Hong Kong ECON6021 Microeconomic Analysis Oligopoly
1 Introduction University of Hong Kong ECON6021 Microeconomic Analysis Oligopoly There are many real life examples that the participants have nonnegligible influence on the market. In such markets, every
More informationLabelling Graph Axis Correctly
Labelling Graph Axis Correctly The Industry Price S D The Firm Quantity MC AC AR=MR Output Perfect Competition All of the units are sold at the same price because no single buyer or seller is large enough
More informationMULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) The fourfirm concentration ratio equals the percentage of the value of accounted for by the four
More informationMikroekonomia B by Mikolaj Czajkowski. MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
Mikroekonomia B by Mikolaj Czajkowski Test 12  Oligopoly Name Group MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) The market structure in which
More informationI. Output Decisions by Firms
University of PacificEconomics 53 Lecture Notes #8B I. Output Decisions by Firms Now that we have examined firm costs in great detail, we can now turn to the question of how firms decide how much output
More informationLECTURE #13: MICROECONOMICS CHAPTER 15
LECTURE #13: MICROECONOMICS CHAPTER 15 I. WHY MONOPOLIES ARISE A. Competitive firms are price takers; a Monopoly firm is a price maker B. Monopoly: a firm that is the sole seller of a product without close
More informationBUSINESS ECONOMICS CEC & 761
BUSINESS ECONOMICS CEC2 532751 & 761 PRACTICE MICROECONOMICS MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS Warning: These questions have been posted to give you an opportunity to practice with the multiple choice format
More informationChapter 14. Oligopoly and Monopolistic Competition. Anyone can win unless there happens to be a second entry. George Ade
Chapter 14 Oligopoly and Monopolistic Competition Anyone can win unless there happens to be a second entry. George Ade Chapter 14 Outline 14.1 Market Structures 14.2 Cartels 14.3 Noncooperative Oligopoly
More informationHow Does A Monopolistically Competitive Market Function?
How Does A Monopolistically Competitive Market Function? Perfect Competition Monopolistic Competition Oligopoly Pure Monopoly I. Characteristics of Monopolistic Competition: Relatively Large Number of
More informationdifficult to detect; barriers to entry are low; market demand conditions are unstable; and antitrust action is vigorous. If we are talking about an
OLIGOPOLY We have thus far observed that a certain portion of our market is characterized as competitive, monopolistically competitive and monopolies. However, we also know that some firms that exist today
More informationChapter 16 Oligopoly. 16.1 What Is Oligopoly? 1) Describe the characteristics of an oligopoly.
Chapter 16 Oligopoly 16.1 What Is Oligopoly? 1) Describe the characteristics of an oligopoly. Answer: There are a small number of firms that act interdependently. They are tempted to form a cartel and
More informationMicroeconomics: CH 910 Take home quiz.
Microeconomics: CH 910 Take home quiz. Mark your answers on a Scantron BEFORE class. Bring your Scantron to Class On Monday, November 26. Be sure to be on time, late Scantron forms will be penalized.
More informationUnit 7. Firm behaviour and market structure: monopoly
Unit 7. Firm behaviour and market structure: monopoly In accordance with the APT programme objectives of the lecture are to help You to: identify and examine the sources of monopoly power; understand the
More informationa. Retail market for water and sewerage services Answer: Monopolistic competition, many firms each selling differentiated products.
Chapter 16 1. In which market structure would you place each of the following products: monopoly, oligopoly, monopolistic competition, or perfect competition? Why? a. Retail market for water and sewerage
More information3. Suppose that firms A and B are Cournot duopolists in the salt industry. The market demand curve can be specified as P= 200 QA QB
Part A 1. Which of the following statement is false I) IEPR states that the monopolist s optimal markup of price above marginal cost expressed as a percentage of price is equal to minus the inverse of
More information1 Monopoly Why Monopolies Arise? Monopoly is a rm that is the sole seller of a product without close substitutes. The fundamental cause of monopoly is barriers to entry: A monopoly remains the only seller
More informationNew Technology and Profits
Another useful comparative statics exercise is to determine how much a firm would pay to reduce its marginal costs to that of its competitor. This will simply be the difference between its profits with
More informationUnderstanding Economics 2nd edition by Mark Lovewell and Khoa Nguyen
Understanding Economics 2nd edition by Mark Lovewell and Khoa Nguyen Chapter 5 Perfect Competition Chapter Objectives! In this chapter you will: " Consider the four market structures, and the main differences
More informationCHAPTER 6 MARKET STRUCTURE
CHAPTER 6 MARKET STRUCTURE CHAPTER SUMMARY This chapter presents an economic analysis of market structure. It starts with perfect competition as a benchmark. Potential barriers to entry, that might limit
More informationFind the competitive equilibrium. The competitive equilibrium is where supply equals demand. Since MC=S, where MC = 2Q/3
Problem Set #13Key Sonoma State University Economics 305Intermediate Microeconomic Theory Dr. Cuellar (1) Consider the following demand and cost functions for a monopolistic firm. The industry demand
More informationEconomics 103h Fall 2012: Part 1 of review questions for final exam
Economics 103h Fall 2012: Part 1 of review questions for final exam This is the first set of review questions. The short answer/graphing go through to the end of monopolistic competition. The multiple
More information5.3 Oligopoly (continued)
5.3 Oligopoly (continued) 5.3.5 Collusion and Game Theory Collusion occurs when oligopoly firms make joint decisions, and act as if they were a single firm. Collusion requires an agreement, either explicit
More informationCOST OF PRODUCTION & THEORY OF THE FIRM
MICROECONOMICS: UNIT III COST OF PRODUCTION & THEORY OF THE FIRM (C) positive and $0 positive. At zero output, variable costs are zero. 2. Based on the information in the table above, the total cost of
More informationDescribe the characteristics of different market structures: perfect competition, monopolistic competition, oligopoly, and pure monopoly
www.edupristine.com Describe the characteristics of different market structures: perfect competition, monopolistic competition, oligopoly, and pure monopoly Prerequisite Characteristics of different market
More informationModels of Imperfect Competition
Models of Imperfect Competition Monopolistic Competition Oligopoly Models of Imperfect Competition So far, we have discussed two forms of market competition that are difficult to observe in practice Perfect
More informationCommon in European countries government runs telephone, water, electric companies.
Public ownership Common in European countries government runs telephone, water, electric companies. US: Postal service. Because delivery of mail seems to be natural monopoly. Private ownership incentive
More information