Medway LDF Core Strategy. Lodge Hill: Evidence Base. Summary Report. Operational Waste. Hyder Consulting

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1 Medway LDF Core Strategy Lodge Hill: Evidence Base Summary Report Operational Waste Hyder Consulting August 2011

2 1 Introduction 1.1 Land Securities Group Plc has been selected as the Land Sale Delivery Partner responsible for the delivery and sale of approximately 320 hectares (720 acres) of Ministry of Defence land at Lodge Hill / Chattenden. 1.2 In its role as Land Sale Delivery Partner, Land Securities Group Plc has appointed a consultant team to prepare viable and deliverable development solutions for the site, justified by robust and credible evidence, as well as sound professional judgement. 1.3 Pursuant to site investigation works and engagement with key stakeholders, the consultant team have prepared a comprehensive suite of evidence base documents that have fed into the indicative masterplan for the development of the Lodge Hill site, which represents one way in which the site could be developed within the emerging Medway Core Strategy Plan Period (i.e. by 2028). 1.4 The purpose of the technical evidence reports, which have been prepared on behalf of Land Securities Group Plc and The Defence Infrastructure Organisation, is to support the identification of Lodge Hill as a Strategic Allocation within Medway Council s emerging Core Strategy Development Plan Document (DPD). The Core Strategy will form part of the Development Plan which provides the planning policy framework against which planning applications will be determined, to facilitate the delivery of the site. 1.5 This summary report sets out the key findings and conclusions from the technical evidence prepared by Hyder which are considered essential to demonstrating the deliverability of the Lodge Hill site within the Core Strategy timescales, having regard to the guidance in PPS12 and the accompanying Plan-Making Manual. 1.6 This document has been prepared to identify Operational Waste considerations as part of the redevelopment of the Lodge Hill site. The findings of this evidence base have fed into the indicative masterplan for the Lodge Hill site. 1.7 Based on Land Securities current vision for the site, it is considered that the Lodge Hill site is capable of delivering approximately 5,000 dwellings, with approximately 4,300 dwellings expected to be delivered within the Core Strategy Plan period (to 2028), as illustrated on the indicative masterplan for the site, which shows one way in which the site could be developed. For the purposes of this evidence base report, we have assumed a quantum of 5,000 residential units and 85,737 m 2 of non-residential development including retail, business, hotels, non residential institutions and assembly and leisure facilities. The technical work within this report is based on this capacity assumption. 1

3 2 Relevant Policy/Legislative Context National Planning Policy Guidance The European Commission initiates all legislative proposals and ensures their implementation through the member states. The waste management policy for the European Union is implemented through the Waste Management Strategy and subsequent legislative measures such as Directives, Regulations and Decisions of the Union on specific waste management issues. The Waste Framework Directive (1975 as amended) established the meaning of Waste and the Waste Hierarchy. The hierarchy was formerly adopted in the 1989 EU Community Strategy for Waste Management. The hierarchy is a conceptual model for selecting waste management options and comprises, in descending order of preference: 1 Waste reduction 2 Re-use 3 Recycling and composting 4 Energy recovery 5 Disposal The management of wastes, of the types which are likely to be generated on an ongoing basis at the proposed development ( operational waste ), are regulated by the Environment Agency through national legislation. Waste Management policy in the UK has been directed by several UK Waste Management Strategies (1995, 2000, 2002, 2007 and 2011). The Government s Waste Strategy for England 2011, released in June is a waste management plan for England required under the EC Framework Directive 75/442, the EC Hazardous Waste Directive 91/689 and the EC Packaging Waste Directive 94/62. The Waste Strategy 2011 presents the key principles in waste management policy: the waste hierarchy, the diversion of waste away from landfill, producer and consumer responsibility, the proximity principle and the concept of Best Practicable Environmental Option (BPEO). Regional Policy The Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 which came into force in September 2004 established a new approach to spatial planning. The Act required the preparation of a Regional Spatial Strategy (RSS) The South East Plan. The Plan establishes a number of policies (inter-regional and subregional). 2

4 The plan advocates waste reduction in accordance with the waste hierarchy. The key waste regional policies are summarised below: Policy W5 - Establishes targets for diversion from landfill for the years 2008 to 2025 culminating in a total regional waste diversion from landfill rate of 86% by Policy W6 - Establishes recycling and composting targets for the years 2008 to 2025 culminating in a total regional waste recycling rate of 65% by Policy W7 - Waste Management Capacity Requirements: (there is currently a shortfall in waste management capacity (in the region as a whole) required to achieve the recovery targets to enable the diversion of waste from landfill to meet the EU Landfill Diversion targets. Policy W7 - sets out the sub-regional waste management capacities to achieve the sub-regional targets (the Kent and Medway combined target for municipal solid waste (MSW), between 2006 and 2025 is nearly 5 million tonnes per annum of additional management capacity that will need to be in place. For commercial and industrial (C&I) waste) Policy W13 Landfill Requirements - There is an estimated shortfall of 21.5 million tonnes of capacity (including anticipated quantities of London waste) over the region between 2006 and Kent and Medway sub-region has a non-hazardous shortfall of 13 million tonnes (until 2015) but a surplus of 7 million tonnes for inert wastes. Policy W15 Hazardous Waste Treatment and Disposal Capacity - 1/3rd of the regions hazardous waste arisings are of asbestos from the construction, demolition and commercial sectors. Policy W7 for Kent/Medway - requires it to take a 12.2% apportionment of London s exported waste between 2006 and Local Policy Medway s Core Strategy is a key part of its Local Development Framework (LDF). It will be a spatial vision for Medway until The State of Medway (SOM) reports demonstrate the local areas current position in relation to a number of key development topics, one of which is waste. The SOM report for waste identifies the current waste arisings in terms of waste types, quantities and recycling rates and the current capacity for dealing with such arisings. The SOM also identifies the legislative background for managing waste within the area. The twin documents Waste and recycling requirements for new residential developments in Medway and Procedure for waste collections from new developments both provide specific technical guidance relating to waste collection within Medway. 3

5 3 Masterplan Response Waste Arisings The indicative masterplan for the redevelopment of the Lodge Hill site indicates around 4,500 additional dwellings, comprising a range of units including apartments, terraced homes, together with semi-detached and detached dwellings, ranging in size from one to five bedrooms. Other selected land uses illustrated on the indicative masterplan include retail use, business use (office, workshop and other business space), hotel use, non residential institutions use and assembly and leisure facilities use. The only significant growth in waste generation is likely to be as a result of municipal waste collections. Residual waste arisings and residual recyclate arisings have been calculated using the waste output data, dry recycling rate and residual waste generated figures from 2006/07 waste data flow for Medway. The assumed occupancy rate is based on average data obtained from the residential schedule (CL-PR-XXX-XX-SH-MP REV B). Waste and recycling composition data has been used from WRAP s summary table of predicted waste arisings for different dwelling types. The proposed development is anticipated to generate an additional 6,418 Tonnes of municipal waste per annum which accounts for 4.87% of current municipal waste arisings for Medway. Waste Collection, Segregation, Storage and Treatment Medway Council currently provides a weekly refuse collection for residual (landfill) waste in black plastic sacks and an alternate weekly collection (AWC) for dry recyclables (blue bag / blue box) and green (garden) waste respectively. Blue bags / boxes are provided by the council with the former being replenished every 13 weeks. Black sacks are not provided but an assisted collection is available for residents who require the service. Non domestic bins are to be collected via estate management. In 2009/10 Medway Council recycled almost a third of the waste it collected. The blue box / bag alternate weekly collection is one method the council utilise to increase Medway s recycling rate. The council also provides several (56) recycling points and 3 household waste and recycling centres (HWRC) which provide recycling and disposal facilities for an even wider range of items. There are 56 recycling points throughout Medway providing local facilities for recycling materials including glass bottles, paper and cans. Medway Council provide 3 HWRCs in Gillingham, Capstone and Cuxton. The sites accept household waste, hardcore, soil and asbestos for disposal as well as several waste streams for recovery and recycling including: electrical equipment (including 4

6 freezers, fridges, televisions and computer monitors), household batteries, glass bottles and jars, cans, garden waste, tyres, paper, metal, plastic bottles, carrier bags, cardboard, engine oil, textiles and wood. Residential communal bin areas will be required to be provided for the proposed flats, which could constitute approximately 24% of the total number of residential units. Communal bin areas may be provided for commercial waste. It has been assumed for this evidence base report that commercial properties will arrange for individual collections via private waste contracts. Any communal bin provision will take into account national pollution prevention guidelines and local planning direction from Medway Council to confirm the collection provisions already in place. In addition to general and office waste generated from the health facilities, other waste types will include waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE), hazardous waste (dental amalgam, fluorescent light tubes), confidential waste and clinical waste. The quantities and types of clinical waste arising from the primary healthcare use illustrated on the indicative masterplan will be dependent on the size of the practice and the demographic of the community that the surgery serves. However, preliminary estimates can be made at this stage. The clinical waste arising from the primary healthcare use is assumed to be mainly orange bag waste which will require segregation and alternative treatment e.g. microwave followed by landfill, autoclave followed by landfill or incineration followed by landfill. A smaller proportion of yellow bag waste and sharps waste would be expected to be produced which will also require segregation prior to treatment likely to be incineration followed by landfill. It is estimated that a medium sized surgery would require 1 X 1100L euro bin for the containment of clinical waste to be emptied on a weekly basis or as required. Given the scale of the site it is assumed that turning circles for refuse vehicles could be accommodated within the indicative masterplan. The collection contractors typically use standard 6 or 8 wheeled refuse collection vehicles. Adequate turning and manoeuvring space should be provided on all estate roads and service areas leading to collection points. Opportunities for Waste Prevention Provisions for Bring Sites / HWRC Medway Council currently provides 56 recycling points (bring sites) within the area. As part of the evolving masterplanning process, it is suggested that provision should be available for additional bring sites at focal places within easy reach of the local community e.g. health centre, local centre (commercial). For developments of sufficient size the developer may be required to provide at their expense, static recycling sites. Based on the assumption of an additional 5,000 5

7 dwellings, future detailed plans for the redevelopment of the site may need to accommodate up to 5 additional bring sites. Local Schemes and Opportunities Medway Council Municipal Waste Management Strategy identified several schemes to target waste minimisation and increase recycling rates. The detailed operational waste strategy for the re-development of the Lodge Hill site should have due regard for these schemes and any other appropriate direction from Medway Council in relation to operational waste services, at the appropriate stage of the planning process. Compliance with Legislative / Policy Requirements The planning application process for the proposed Lodge Hill re-development should have regard to ensuring future waste from the site is managed in accordance with the waste hierarchy whilst maintaining local government s value for money approach. 4 Agreement with Relevant Statutory Authorities Outline Design of the Waste Management System Section 46 of the Environmental Protection Act 1990 gives the Council the power to specify the kind and number of receptacles that shall be used for refuse and recyclables storage and collection. It also allows the Council to require that these receptacles are provided by the occupier of the premises at their own expense. The planned development should have regard for the existing schemes and seek consultation with the Medway Council with regards to municipal waste arisings e.g. bin types, collection days and bring site provisions. 6

8 5 Contingencies for Delivery There is no direct audit of commercial and industrial arisings at present (nationally or per region). They are generally estimated from the employment numbers of the differing economic sectors. At this stage it would be impossible to predict Commercial and Industrial (C&I) waste arisings for the proposed development. Any prediction of waste volumes will be undertaken based on common metrics for the commercial / industrial sector (having regard for SIC codes where applicable). For example restaurant waste arisings will be based on the number of covers and leisure facility generation volumes will be based on the facility type and the footfall (using worst case scenarios where appropriate). Due to the relative area of the development that could be set aside for nonresidential use it is anticipated that waste arisings will not have a significant effect on the operational waste provisions for the area. Likely wastes generated in the health care sector include clinical (hazardous) wastes and general residual waste. It is not possible to estimate the degree of additional hazardous waste generated in Medway as a result of the development until numbers of patients and type of health care provision e.g. doctors, dentists etc. has been provided. There are no direct mitigation strategies required regarding the lack of detail for C&I waste as it is not anticipated to have a significant effect on operational waste provisions. 6 Conclusion This document summarises the key considerations in terms of operational waste. It is considered likely that the additional waste generated will be municipal waste arisings due to the 5,000 dwellings illustrated on the indicative masterplan for the Lodge Hill site. The total quantity of waste expected to be generated is in the region of 6,418 Tonnes. This represents some 4.87% of the total waste arisings for 7

9 Medway, but it is not anticipated that the additional waste generated as a result of the redevelopment of the site will have a significant impact on local waste provisions. Additional hazardous waste will be predominantly clinical waste associated with the medical facilities (including nursing home). It is not anticipated that the additional clinical waste generated as a result of the proposed development will have a significant impact on local waste provisions. As stated above, it is envisaged that less than one wheeled bin collection (1,100 L) per medical establishment per week will be required. The proposals for the site can be developed to ensure operational wastes are managed according to the principles of the waste hierarchy within relevant policy and legislative requirements, with emphasis on waste minimisation and recycling. Based on the information currently available, it is not envisaged that there would be any barriers to the redevelopment of the Lodge Hill site in terms of operational waste. 8

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