The Gracchus Brothers

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "The Gracchus Brothers"

Transcription

1 The Gracchus Brothers (Tiberius and Gaius) The rise, and eventual assassination of the Gracchus brothers, Tiberius and Gaius, is often considered the first step towards the fall of the Roman Republic. The activities of the Gracchi brothers completely changed the style of Roman politics as their careers were marked by riots, murder, and manipulation of the population to achieve their goals. This political behavior would become more and more accepted in the 100 years after their time, even including Caesar and eventually Octavian. The growth of the Empire led to a division in the Roman political system. On one side of the divide, the patricians were wealthy, old, and powerful families of Rome. Their goal was to preserve Rome as it was. On the other side, some of these powerful families began to take up the causes of the less fortunate common masses. From 137 to 121 BC, Tiberius, and then Gaius Gracchus, stood at the center of this chaos. Recent conquests brought newfound wealth to the Roman Republic, but the fast pace of such expansion led to more corruption. The lack of new military recruits from among the patricians was also weakening Rome. Meanwhile, thousands of landless and jobless Romans were idle in the city, with little hope for relief, and laws of the time prevented them from joining the military. Tiberius and Gaius saw a chance not only to gain political power, but to stabilize Rome through reform and new laws benefiting the common people. While this sounds reasonable on the surface, they were really interested in lessening the power of the Senate. While some saw their reforms an attempt to fix an outdated military system, others saw it as a blatant power grab. Some of the reforms Tiberius passed limited the amount of land a person could own. This forced big landowners to sell some of their land back to poor plebeians. His brother Gaius improved on this by providing more help that moved former farmers back to the countryside where they could farm again. Source:

2 Gaius MARIUS Despite being the son of a small plebeian farmer, the extended Marius family had powerful political connections. He directly benefited from the reforms of the Gracchus brothers and was one of the first plebeians to join the military as a way to improve their fortunes. Ancient fortune-tellers said that Marius was pre-destined to be Consul of Rome 7 times. Not only would this prove true, but he would eventually be hailed as the third founder of Rome, and its savior. Military glory and personal ambition drove Marius straight to the top of the Roman system, but even more importantly, he would have a great impact on the life of his nephew, Julius Caesar. Early in his career, Marius used his family connections to help get himself elected Tribune of the Plebes in 119 BC. In this position so soon after the political turmoil and murder of the Gracchi brothers (Gaius murdered 123 BC), Marius would become a rival of many in the Senate by passing popular laws forbidding the inspection of ballot boxes. By doing this, he upset the powerful elite, who used ballot inspection as a way to intimidate voters in elections. After continuing to create enemies for himself as he served in a series of higher positions, Marius had to put off eventually running for consul. Perhaps his delay in running for consul, when he built up a huge fortune helped him rebuild relationships with his political rivals. In 110 BC, Marius would make an arrangement that would send shock waves through his own life and Rome itself. The Caesar branch of the Julii family, who were well known patricians, had completely fallen from political prominence and at this point, didn't have the personal wealth to recover. Needing financial help, the Julii family arranged for him to marry their own Julia Caesar which helped them recover and helped Marius become accepted by the wealthy patricians of Rome. Now that he was one of the post powerful politicians in Rome, Marius would begin to seek changes that he had dreamed of throughout his career. While the Gracchus brothers opened service in the legions to both plebeians and patricians, Marius thought he could build military loyalty to himself by building a professional army of career soldiers. These soldiers would become more loyal to him over time rather than rotate out of service when their terms ended as citizen-soldiers. He would also open other government jobs up to plebeians to try to win their loyalty and build political support for himself. Source:

3 Lucius Cornelius SULLA Lucius Cornelius Sulla ( B.C.) was a Roman general and dictator. He was the first self-declared dictator of the Roman Republic. (Earlier, temporary dictators had been appointed in time of crisis). His use of army troops for his own political purposes created a pattern that eventually led to the downfall of the Republic. In 88 B.C., Sulla was elected consul and given an army command. To let more of his political supporters have power, he expanded the Senate from 300 to 600 members. When political opponents transferred the command to Marius, Sulla marched his loyal troops to Rome and drove Marius into exile. Sulla then left Italy to conduct military of the Republic in Asia. Meanwhile, Marius had died, but his followers succeeded in gaining control of the Roman government. Sulla returned in 83 B.C., crushed all opposition, and made himself dictator in 82 B.C. While dictator, he wrote laws that prevented generals from serving for more than one year at a time in order to prevent other generals from using the same methods he used to become dictator. After giving power back to the Senate he voluntarily retired in 79 B.C. Source:

4 Julius Caesar The Caesar family was an impoverished line of the noble original clans. While highly respected, the family held little political power. His father, Gaius Julius, had served in the Senate, but had little importance aside from his son's legacy. His mother, Aurelia, of the Aurelii Cotta line, seems to have had a more major impact on the life of her son. Caesar was raised in the common quarters of Rome. His home was an insula, which would now be known as apartment building in the modern world. Even for a patrician family in poor financial shape, this was a definite handicap for future political ambition. However, the young Caesar learned a great deal as a child, as he early on realized the power in championing the common man. It wouldn't take a genius to understand that several politicians in this era made a name for themselves using this method, and Caesar certainly caught on to this easily. He had, though, the added advantage because he was a patrician and arguably a political genius that would push him to the very limit of Roman power. Two major events impacted the life of the young Caesar. The later and seemingly less momentous event of the two was the death of his father at the age of 15. So few of the details of Gaius Julius Caesar the elder's life are known, that it's difficult to determine the impact this may have had. While he certainly played a role in the life of his young son, he was often away on military and Senate work. Before dying, his greatest contribution to his son may have been reaching the office of Praetor (the office just below Consul), which helped set the stage for his son to eventually gain a high government position. The more significant event in the life of Caesar was a marriage arrangement that would have enormous impact on Roman culture as a whole. The marriage of his aunt Julia to Gaius Marius affected the entire ancient world. Through this marriage in 110 BC and 10 years prior to the birth of his famous nephew, Marius gained the political and familial connection necessary to advance his own career up the ladder. Marius was one of the richest men in Rome at the time and gained political power from the marriage, while the Caesar family gained the wealth required to pay for election campaigns for Caesar's father and uncles.

5 Octavius/Octavian/Augustus (Just pick a name already!) Gaius Julius Caesar Augusts was born on September 23, 63 BCE. Even though he was a sickly child, in 48 BCE, Octavius was appointed as a pontiff (priest) at the tender age of 15. It's possible the Caesar planned to take his nephew with him to Africa to face off against the Republicans there, but either sickness, or an over protective mother shot down this idea. In 46 BCE, Octavian took part in Caesar's triumphal parades in Rome, earning himself some military awards despite not serving in the military. Clearly this shows that Caesar at least had some ideas about his great nephew's future. The following year Octavian followed Caesar to Spain, where the dictator conducted the last battle of his career. Though Octavian himself took little part in the actual military aspect of this campaign, his journey to join Caesar seems a significant development in the relationship. While Caesar had planned to give Octavius a minor government position in 43 or 42 BCE at the age of 20 or 21, Caesar s murder in 44 BCE quickly changed these plans. Shortly afterward, Octavian joined forces with Mark Antony and Marcus Aemilius Lepidus in a military dictatorship known as the Second Triumvirate. After a civil war that resulted in the death of Mark Antony (and suicide of Cleopatra VII) and the exile of Lepidus, Octavius ruled Rome alone. As the sole ruler of Rome, Augustus used the military to expand the Empire s border so that it reached its natural borders of mountains and oceans that could help protect it from attack. With Rome more secure, Augustus worked with Rome s neighbors to write treaties to guarantee that peace would last for a long time as Rome entered a period known as the Pax Romana. During this time, Augustus would also pass laws about the moral and sexual behavior of Romans which had become somewhat shady for many years. These laws, along with others that improved the way that government helped its people, would be the main parts of his plan to restore traditional virtues to Rome.

Ch 6 Section 2 Birth of the Roman Empire

Ch 6 Section 2 Birth of the Roman Empire Ch 6 Section 2 Birth of the ª Weakening Republic-had lasted 400 years ª Soldiers have no land ª Republic out growing itself ª Bureaucracy - nobles to big (greed) ª Reform needed???? 1 Birth of the ª 2

More information

Chapter 5 Ancient Rome

Chapter 5 Ancient Rome Chapter 5 Ancient Rome The Latins settled near the Tiber River around 750 B.C. and established the city of Rome a short time later. They borrowed many ideas from the Phoenician and Greek civilizations

More information

WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 5 THE ROMANS

WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 5 THE ROMANS WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 5 THE ROMANS BOARD QUESTIONS WHY WERE THE GRACCHUS BROTHERS KILLED? WHO WAS MARIUS? WHY IS SULLA IMPORTANT? WHO WAS IN THE FIRST TRIUMVIRATE? WHO WAS IN THE SECOND TRIUMVIRATE? TERMS

More information

THE CRISIS OF THE ROMAN REPUBLIC THE ROMAN MILITARY

THE CRISIS OF THE ROMAN REPUBLIC THE ROMAN MILITARY THE CRISIS OF THE ROMAN REPUBLIC THE ROMAN MILITARY Every male property owning citizen Service was for 16 years Infantry and Cavalry Brutal but effective discipline LEGIONS 5000 infantry men Strong personal

More information

CHAPTER 14 - The Roman Republic

CHAPTER 14 - The Roman Republic CHAPTER 14 - The Roman Republic 509 BC - 30 BC Section 1: The Government * Head of Roman Republic = - were administrators & - had the power to = * Senate - 300 men - chosen - handled - discussed ways to

More information

The Spread of Roman Power

The Spread of Roman Power The Spread of the Roman Republic The Spread of Roman Power Roman legions fight to expand the empire Controlled central Italy by 390 BC Were defeated an had Rome destroyed by the Gauls They rebuilt and

More information

EARLY ROMAN EMPIRE. Notes

EARLY ROMAN EMPIRE. Notes EARLY ROMAN EMPIRE Notes I. Later Conquests A. 50 BC - Rome conquered all of Mediterranean region 1. Including Greece and Macedonia I. Later Conquests B. How? 1. Will of the people, loyalty to republic

More information

Unit 4 The Romans. Chapter 7

Unit 4 The Romans. Chapter 7 Unit 4 The Romans Chapter 7 Rise of Rome Land and Peoples of Rome Apennine Mountains Rome Crossroads of the Mediterranean Latins, Etruscans and Greeks Rise of Rome The Roman Republic Etruscan kings overthrown

More information

CHAPTER 10 THE ROMAN REPUBLIC Study Guide Answers

CHAPTER 10 THE ROMAN REPUBLIC Study Guide Answers CHAPTER 10 THE ROMAN REPUBLIC Study Guide Answers 1. Describe the geography of Italy. In geography terms, Italy is a peninsula. It has a rugged landscape with many mountains and hills. It is surrounded

More information

The Roman Republic. Determining Main Ideas The following questions deal with the early Roman republic. Answer them in the space provided.

The Roman Republic. Determining Main Ideas The following questions deal with the early Roman republic. Answer them in the space provided. Section 1 The Roman Republic The following questions deal with the early Roman republic. Answer them in the space provided. 1. What characterizes a republic as a form of government? 2. What were the differences

More information

Chapter 5: Rome and the Rise of Christianity, 600 B.C. A.D. 500

Chapter 5: Rome and the Rise of Christianity, 600 B.C. A.D. 500 Chapter 5: Rome and the Rise of Christianity, 600 B.C. A.D. 500 Rome began as a small village and became the seat of power of one of the greatest empires the world has known. The Romans were greatly influenced

More information

ROME BUILDS AN EMPIRE. Name

ROME BUILDS AN EMPIRE. Name ROME BUILDS AN EMPIRE Name SETTING THE STAGE As Rome enlarged its territory, its republican form of government grew increasingly unstable. Eventually, the Roman Republic gave way to the formation of a

More information

World History: Ancient Civilizations Through the Renaissance

World History: Ancient Civilizations Through the Renaissance Geography and the Rise of Rome The Big Idea Main Ideas Rome s location and government helped it become a major power in the ancient world. The geography of Italy made land travel difficult but helped the

More information

Ancient Rome. The Late Republic. Clip Art

Ancient Rome. The Late Republic. Clip Art Ancient Rome The Late Republic Clip Art Growing Threats Rome continued to grow throughout the Republic Era Rome conquered people because they were threats to Rome Gauls (French) conquered Rome in 387BCE,

More information

I. The Italian Peninsula shares much of its weather with. a. Surrounded by water from the, and. b. North is blocked by. Italy is divided in half by

I. The Italian Peninsula shares much of its weather with. a. Surrounded by water from the, and. b. North is blocked by. Italy is divided in half by Ancient Rome Geography I. The Italian Peninsula shares much of its weather with Like Greece, Italy is a a. Surrounded by water from the, and b. North is blocked by I Italy is divided in half by IV. Area

More information

The Rise of Ancient Rome

The Rise of Ancient Rome 1 Chapter 8 The Rise of Ancient Rome Section 1 The Roman Republic Section 2 The Roman Empire Notebook Number Mr. Graver Old World Cultures Name Period 2 Just when you thought an Empire couldn t get any

More information

WHI.06, Part 1: Roman Republic and Empire

WHI.06, Part 1: Roman Republic and Empire WHI.06, Part 1: Roman Republic and Empire Objective: The student will demonstrate knowledge of ancient Rome from about 700 B.C. to 500 A.D. in terms of its impact on Western civilization by a) assessing

More information

Ancient Rome: The Late Republic Notes**

Ancient Rome: The Late Republic Notes** Name Period Ancient Rome: The Late Republic Notes** Rome continued to grow throughout the Republic Era Rome conquered people because they were threats to Rome o Gauls (French) conquered Rome in 387BCE

More information

The Roman Republic. 1. What is the meaning of policies in the context of the above passage?

The Roman Republic. 1. What is the meaning of policies in the context of the above passage? CARCI Middle School Pt. 1 The Roman Republic 1 The Roman Republic The ancient city of Rome was at the center of the peninsula we now call Italy. After being ruled by kings, the Romans formed a republic.

More information

TEACHER S KEY SESSION 1.PERIODS OF ROMAN HISTORY. 2. Listening and taking notes

TEACHER S KEY SESSION 1.PERIODS OF ROMAN HISTORY. 2. Listening and taking notes TEACHER S KEY SESSION 1.PERIODS OF ROMAN HISTORY. 2. Listening and taking notes The origins of Rome- Legend and History 2,000 years ago Rome was the capital of the Roman Empire. The construction of Rome

More information

SAMPLE COURSE OUTLINE ANCIENT HISTORY ATAR YEAR 12 UNIT 3 ELECTIVE 3: ROME BC UNIT 4 ELECTIVE 3: ROME 63 BC AD 14

SAMPLE COURSE OUTLINE ANCIENT HISTORY ATAR YEAR 12 UNIT 3 ELECTIVE 3: ROME BC UNIT 4 ELECTIVE 3: ROME 63 BC AD 14 SAMPLE COURSE OUTLINE ANCIENT HISTORY ATAR YEAR 12 UNIT 3 ELECTIVE 3: ROME 133 63 BC UNIT 4 ELECTIVE 3: ROME 63 BC AD 14 Copyright School Curriculum and Standards Authority, 2015 This document apart from

More information

Assessment: From Republic to Empire

Assessment: From Republic to Empire Name Date Mastering the Content Circle the letter next to the best answer. Assessment: From Republic to Empire 1. Which of the following did Rome do during the first period of expansion, before 264 B.C.E.?

More information

Name Class Date. Vocabulary Builder. 1. From the beginning of the Republic, the patricians were often challenged by the common people.

Name Class Date. Vocabulary Builder. 1. From the beginning of the Republic, the patricians were often challenged by the common people. Section 1 DIRECTIONS Look up the vocabulary terms in the word bank in a dictionary. For each term, write the dictionary definition that is closest to the definition used in your textbook. constitution

More information

Essential Question: What factors led to the collapse of the Roman Empire & what effect did the fall of Rome have on the Mediterranean world?

Essential Question: What factors led to the collapse of the Roman Empire & what effect did the fall of Rome have on the Mediterranean world? Essential Question: What factors led to the collapse of the Roman Empire & what effect did the fall of Rome have on the Mediterranean world? Warm Up Question: On the cartoon on the next slide, identify

More information

Honors History of Western Civilizations The Roman Republic

Honors History of Western Civilizations The Roman Republic Honors History of Western Civilizations The Roman Chapter: 4 Essential Questions 1) How did the Romans unify the Italian Peninsula despite wars & internal struggles of plebeians vs. patricians for political

More information

World Book Online: Ancient Rome: Government and Economy

World Book Online: Ancient Rome: Government and Economy World Book Online: The trusted, student-friendly online reference tool. Name: Date: Ancient Rome: Government and Economy You are about to go back in time to a place called Ancient Rome! As you move back

More information

1. Classical Greece BC 150 BC 2. Rome and Early Christianity 750 BC AD The Americas 1000 BC AD Empires of China and India 350

1. Classical Greece BC 150 BC 2. Rome and Early Christianity 750 BC AD The Americas 1000 BC AD Empires of China and India 350 The Growth of Civilizations 1. Classical Greece - 2100 BC 150 BC 2. Rome and Early Christianity 750 BC AD 500 3. The Americas 1000 BC AD 1500 4. Empires of China and India 350 BC AD 600 Rome and Early

More information

Rome: From Village to Empire

Rome: From Village to Empire Rome: From Village to Empire Topography and Geography Like Greece, Italy is a mountainous peninsula Apennines & Alps Fertile plains in the north below the Alps Favorable climate, fertile land and constant

More information

Unit 7 Lesson 2 The Republic and Roman Expansion

Unit 7 Lesson 2 The Republic and Roman Expansion Unit 7 Lesson 2 The Republic and Roman Expansion Lesson 2 The Republic and Roman Expansion 1. checks and balances a. A government with three parts 2. civic duty b. The most powerful elected officials in

More information

The Mighty Roman Empire

The Mighty Roman Empire The Mighty Roman Empire The City of Rome Rome was founded around 753 b.c. How did it start? A story says that two brothers were raised by a wolf. Their names were Romulus (RAWMyuh-luhs) and Remus (REEmuhs).

More information

NAME DATE CLASS. Adriatic. Ionian. Sea. Sicily. Strait of Messina. 100 miles km Azimuthal Equidistant projection 1000 B.C.

NAME DATE CLASS. Adriatic. Ionian. Sea. Sicily. Strait of Messina. 100 miles km Azimuthal Equidistant projection 1000 B.C. Lesson 1 The Founding of Rome ESSENTIAL QUESTION How does geography influence the way people live? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. What effect did geography have on the rise of Roman civilization? 2. How did Rome

More information

Ancient Rome & the Rise of Christianity Reading Guide

Ancient Rome & the Rise of Christianity Reading Guide Name: Hour Ancient Rome & the Rise of Christianity Reading Guide Chapter 6 Section 1; The Roman Republic (p. 155) Origins of Rome 1. Who were Romulus & Remus and what did they do? Rome s Geography 2. How

More information

Julius Caesar: Veni, Vidi, Vici

Julius Caesar: Veni, Vidi, Vici Parkland College A with Honors Projects Honors Program 2010 Julius Caesar: Veni, Vidi, Vici Stephanie Houser Parkland College Recommended Citation Houser, Stephanie, "Julius Caesar: Veni, Vidi, Vici" (2010).

More information

CivEd Unit 4 Rome and Christianity

CivEd Unit 4 Rome and Christianity Aim: The Roman Empire Question: Why 2 consuls? More to learn on this later! I. Roman Republic A. Rome located at heart of Italy B. At first Rome ruled by patricians (noble men) 2 consuls, 300 senators

More information

The Rise of the Roman Republic

The Rise of the Roman Republic In the Roman republic, elected senators debated and interpreted the laws. CHAPTER The Rise of the Roman Republic 33.1 Introduction In the last chapter, you learned about Etruscan and Greek influences on

More information

(c) Student Handouts, Inc.

(c) Student Handouts, Inc. The Establishment of the Roman Republic (c) Student Handouts, Inc. www.studenthandouts.com Geography of Rome Protection for Rome and Italy Rome built on seven hills Alps Barrier to the north Seas Barriers

More information

Which tyrannical king did Lucius Junius Brutus help expel? A Tarquin the Proud B Tarquin the Cruel C Tarquin the Ugly

Which tyrannical king did Lucius Junius Brutus help expel? A Tarquin the Proud B Tarquin the Cruel C Tarquin the Ugly Let s Begin On March 15th, 44 BCE, Roman dictator Julius Caesar was assassinated by a group of about 60 of his own senators. Why did these self-titled Liberators want him dead? And why did Brutus, whose

More information

Rome: Rise and Fall Of An Empire: Julius Caesar (Disc 1.3)

Rome: Rise and Fall Of An Empire: Julius Caesar (Disc 1.3) 1 Name Date 1. What was the condition of Rome when Julius Caesar was born in 100 B.C.E.? 2. Why was Young Caesar kidnapped? 3. What kind of captor was Caesar? 4. How and why did Caesar enter politics in

More information

SSWH3 THE STUDENT WILL EXAMINE THE POLITICAL, PHILOSOPHICAL, AND CULTURAL INTERACTION OF CLASSICAL MEDITERRANEAN SOCIETIES FROM 700 BCE TO 400 CE.

SSWH3 THE STUDENT WILL EXAMINE THE POLITICAL, PHILOSOPHICAL, AND CULTURAL INTERACTION OF CLASSICAL MEDITERRANEAN SOCIETIES FROM 700 BCE TO 400 CE. SSWH3 THE STUDENT WILL EXAMINE THE POLITICAL, PHILOSOPHICAL, AND CULTURAL INTERACTION OF CLASSICAL MEDITERRANEAN SOCIETIES FROM 700 BCE TO 400 CE. A. COMPARE THE ORIGINS AND STRUCTURE OF THE GREEK POLIS,

More information

WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 5 HOMEWORK PACKET: Rome and the Rise of Christianity (600 BCE CE)

WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 5 HOMEWORK PACKET: Rome and the Rise of Christianity (600 BCE CE) WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 5 HOMEWORK PACKET: Rome and the Rise of Christianity (600 BCE - 500 CE) Take-Home Homework Packet 100 Points Honor Code I understand that this is an independent assignment and that

More information

Cleopatra. Attorney #2 will ask questions to the witnesses for the prosecution. Attorney #3 will ask questions to the witnesses for the defense.

Cleopatra. Attorney #2 will ask questions to the witnesses for the prosecution. Attorney #3 will ask questions to the witnesses for the defense. Trial of Julius Caesar (An Alternate History) Instructions What if Julius Caesar had not been assassinated on the Ides of March 44 BCE? What if, instead, he had been arrested and put on trial for the destruction

More information

6th Grade Social Studies Chapter 10 Ancient Rome

6th Grade Social Studies Chapter 10 Ancient Rome 6th Grade Social Studies Chapter 10 Ancient Rome 1 Lesson 1: Objectives The students will be able to explain how the Romans borrowed ideas from other cultures The students will be able to explain the importance

More information

Ancient Rome: Reexamined Blackline Master Quizzes

Ancient Rome: Reexamined Blackline Master Quizzes 1 Ancient Rome: Reexamined Blackline Master Quizzes Blackline Master Quizzes for Ancient Rome: Reexamined Program One - The Rise of the Roman Republic Blackline Master 1A Quiz Please circle the best answer

More information

The Roman Republic. Chapter Outline. Chapter Outline 10/25/2011. Chapter 6

The Roman Republic. Chapter Outline. Chapter Outline 10/25/2011. Chapter 6 The Roman Republic Chapter 6 Chapter Outline The Romans built a great city The Roman Republic spread its power Republican government collapsed in Rome Chapter Outline The Romans built a great city What

More information

Domestic Disturbances amid Territorial Overextension and the Various Causes of the Collapse of the Roman Republic. By Michael Beshara

Domestic Disturbances amid Territorial Overextension and the Various Causes of the Collapse of the Roman Republic. By Michael Beshara Domestic Disturbances amid Territorial Overextension and the Various Causes of the Collapse of the Roman Republic By Michael Beshara The causes of the collapse of the Roman Republic are manifold, and any

More information

Wednesday, November 21, 2012 ANCIENT ROME

Wednesday, November 21, 2012 ANCIENT ROME ANCIENT ROME VOCABULARY POWER Roman Republic- Government in which officials were chosen by the people Senate- A council of nobles that passed laws and handled foreign affairs Patrician- The landholding

More information

Roman Senate Simulation

Roman Senate Simulation Name Period Roman Senate Simulation Background: Our American founding fathers studied Greek and Roman Republics. They borrowed ideas and tried to improve upon these ancient governments when creating our

More information

Ancient Rome Unit Plan Unit Overview Rationale Goals and Essential questions Objectives

Ancient Rome Unit Plan Unit Overview Rationale Goals and Essential questions Objectives Ancient Rome Unit Plan Name: Laura Johnson Unit Overview This unit will focus on Ancient Rome, the rise of the Roman Republic, the transition of that republic to an empire, and the fall of that empire.

More information

WHI.06, Part 1: Roman Republic and Empire

WHI.06, Part 1: Roman Republic and Empire WHI.06, Part 1: Roman Republic and Empire Objective: The student will demonstrate knowledge of ancient Rome from about 700 B.C. to 500 A.D. in terms of its impact on Western civilization by a) assessing

More information

Chapter 34 From Republic to Empire. Did the benefits of Roman expansion outweigh the costs?

Chapter 34 From Republic to Empire. Did the benefits of Roman expansion outweigh the costs? Chapter 34 From Republic to Empire Did the benefits of Roman expansion outweigh the costs? 34.1. Introduction Emicristea /Dreamstime The Romans celebrated their military victories by building structures

More information

The Roman Republic. The Growth and Expansion

The Roman Republic. The Growth and Expansion The Roman Republic The Growth and Expansion January 4, 2016 AIM: To what extent does the political legacy of Ancient Rome continue today? DO NOW: Prepare for outline quiz. Homework: Outline The Rise of

More information

Section 1. Geography Origins of Rome Republic Punic Wars

Section 1. Geography Origins of Rome Republic Punic Wars Ancient Rome BCE-CE The Romans knew how to govern people, establish legal structures and construct roads that took them to the ends of their known world 1 Section 1 Geography Origins of Rome Republic Punic

More information

The Rise of Democratic Ideas. Prologue Important ideas that led to modern democracy can be traced back through history

The Rise of Democratic Ideas. Prologue Important ideas that led to modern democracy can be traced back through history The Rise of Democratic Ideas Prologue Important ideas that led to modern democracy can be traced back through history The Legacy of Ancient Greece and Rome Ancient Greece Cities develop in small fertile

More information

Chapter 7 Section 1 Founding the Roman Republic

Chapter 7 Section 1 Founding the Roman Republic Chapter 7 Section 1 Founding the Roman Republic Identify the role of geography played in Italy s and Rome s development Describe the form of government of the Roman Republic Explain the Conflict of the

More information

ANCIENT ROME QUESTIONS

ANCIENT ROME QUESTIONS ANCIENT ROME QUESTIONS NAME HR. Go to this address: http://www.mythologyteacher.com/romanmain.html, and use the information presented there to answer the following questions. 1. Has marriage changed much

More information

Name: Date: Pd: Chapter 11 Rome: Republic to Empire

Name: Date: Pd: Chapter 11 Rome: Republic to Empire Name: Date: Pd: Chapter 11 Rome: Republic to Empire Lesson 11.1 The Founding of Rome I. The Beginning of Rome The Romans learned from surrounding and used their new knowledge to build a empire. Roman rule

More information

Section 1: The Romans Create a Republic KEY IDEA: The early Romans made a republic. It grew in power and spread its influence.

Section 1: The Romans Create a Republic KEY IDEA: The early Romans made a republic. It grew in power and spread its influence. Chapter 6: Ancient Rome and Early Christianity, 500 B.C. A.D. 500 CHAPTER OVERVIEW: The Romans make a republic in Italy and rise to power, but the internal struggle for control of their growing strength

More information

Assessment: The Rise of the Roman Republic

Assessment: The Rise of the Roman Republic Name Date Assessment: The Rise of the Roman Republic 1. Who first ruled early Rome? A. Etruscan kings B. military consuls C. Roman senators D. plebeian assemblies 2. According to legend, events on a visit

More information

ROMAN REPUBLIC THE ARCHAIC ROMAN CITY-STATE, BC

ROMAN REPUBLIC THE ARCHAIC ROMAN CITY-STATE, BC ROMAN REPUBLIC THE ARCHAIC ROMAN CITY-STATE, 753-509 BC The site of the city of Rome had been inhabited since at least 1000 BC. For the first few centuries it was simply a collection of small farming villages

More information

GRECO ROMAN WORLD PART II ROME: FROM BEGINNING TO END 509 BCE

GRECO ROMAN WORLD PART II ROME: FROM BEGINNING TO END 509 BCE GRECO ROMAN WORLD ROME: FROM BEGINNING TO END 753 BCE the legendary date for the founding of Rome Romulus and Remus, twin brothers and sons of Mars, founded the the city on the Tiber river PART II 509

More information

Ancient Rome 509 BC 476 AD. Chapter 6 Western Civilizations I - G

Ancient Rome 509 BC 476 AD. Chapter 6 Western Civilizations I - G Ancient Rome 509 BC 476 AD Chapter 6 Western Civilizations I - G The Roman World Takes Shape Chapter 6, Section 1 Geography of Italy Boot-shaped peninsula in the central Mediterranean Rome is located in

More information

Rise of the Roman Republic Timeline

Rise of the Roman Republic Timeline Rise of the Roman Republic Timeline 509 BCE: Tarquin the Proud, the last king of Rome, was overthrown by a group of patricians upset over his abuse of power. The Roman Republic was proclaimed. 494 BCE:

More information

1. What were the important geographic features of ancient Rome that shaped where people lived and what they were able to grow on the land?

1. What were the important geographic features of ancient Rome that shaped where people lived and what they were able to grow on the land? 1. What were the important geographic features of ancient Rome that shaped where people lived and what they were able to grow on the land? Cities by rivers On top of hills for defense Alps Mountains Apennines

More information

Ancient Rome Week 1. Students will be able to describe the transition from a Republic to an Empire.

Ancient Rome Week 1. Students will be able to describe the transition from a Republic to an Empire. Ancient Rome Week 1 Students will be able to describe the transition from a Republic to an Empire. ANCIENT ROME Students will be able to describe the transition from a Republic to an Empire; the Rise and

More information

Document A: Map. Document B: Coins

Document A: Map. Document B: Coins Document A: Map Document B: Coins Context: The denarius was a silver coin used in the Roman Empire. On the front side of the coin is the head of Octavian and the inscribed word CAESAR. On the back is a

More information

THE ORIGINS OF ROME. Name

THE ORIGINS OF ROME. Name THE ORIGINS OF ROME Name According to legend, the city of Rome was founded in 753 B.C. by Romulus and Remus, twin sons of the god Mars and a Latin princess. The twins were abandoned on the Tiber River

More information

Eyewitness Projects. FACT The Romans admired and copied the realistic figures in Greek art and sculpture. FACT FACT. The Greeks.

Eyewitness Projects. FACT The Romans admired and copied the realistic figures in Greek art and sculpture. FACT FACT. The Greeks. Early Rome The Roman Empire was one of the biggest and bestorganized empires in history. It began more than two thousand years ago, with the founding of the city of Rome in the country now called Italy.

More information

World History (Survey) Chapter 6: Ancient Rome and Early Christianity, 500 B.C. A.D. 500

World History (Survey) Chapter 6: Ancient Rome and Early Christianity, 500 B.C. A.D. 500 World History (Survey) Chapter 6: Ancient Rome and Early Christianity, 500 B.C. A.D. 500 Section 1: The Romans Create a Republic The city of Rome was founded by the Latin people on a river in the center

More information

I N V E S T I C E D O R O Z V O J E V Z D Ě L Á V Á N Í ANCIENT ROME

I N V E S T I C E D O R O Z V O J E V Z D Ě L Á V Á N Í ANCIENT ROME ANCIENT ROME The Italian Peninsula and its settlement At the beginning the Italian Peninsula was inhabited by the Etruscans, the Latins, the Phoenicians and the Greeks. The Etruscans we do not know for

More information

Ancient Rome and Early Christianity, 500 B.C. A.D. 500

Ancient Rome and Early Christianity, 500 B.C. A.D. 500 Ancient Rome and Early Christianity, 500 B.C. A.D. 500 Civilizations emerge and develop on fertile river plains in Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Indus Valley, and China. Augustus (63 B.C. A.D. 14), first Roman

More information

Roman Senate- 63 BC Dossier Chair: Joseph Cahoon Crisis Director: Carter Bakkum

Roman Senate- 63 BC Dossier Chair: Joseph Cahoon Crisis Director: Carter Bakkum Roman Senate- 63 BC 1 Roman Senate- 63 BC Dossier Chair: Joseph Cahoon Crisis Director: Carter Bakkum Roman Senate- 63 BC 2 Roman Senate- 63 BC 3 Roman Senate- 63 BC 1 Dear Delegates, Salvete Senatores!

More information

Primary History Resource: The Romans - Roman Emperors

Primary History Resource: The Romans - Roman Emperors BC 27 AUGUSTUS Augustus was the first Emperor of Rome. His name was Octavian before he became emperor, and changed it to Augustus in 27 BC. He came out on top after years of civil war that followed the

More information

Augustus Lesson Plan

Augustus Lesson Plan Lesson Plan Central Historical Question: What kind of leader was? Materials: Copies of Documents A-F Copies of Graphic Organizer Plan of Instruction: 1. Introduce lesson: Today we re going to examine the

More information

Roman Empire imovie Activity

Roman Empire imovie Activity be The Roman Republic Ch 6 sec 1. You will need to open your imovie application and make a Republic Dictator Hannibal Punic Wars Where did the ancient Romans develop their religious beliefs? Compare Rome

More information

Lesson 12. The Roman Empire

Lesson 12. The Roman Empire I.E.S LA ESCRIBANA 1º E.S.O. Sección Bilingüe Lesson 12 The Roman Empire I.E.S. LA ESCRIBANA 1º E.S.O. Lesson 12: The Roman Empire THE ORIGINS OF ROME AND THE MONARCHY In the second millenium BC. the Latins

More information

FIRST PAPERS DUE NEXT TUESDAY. 2-3 pages, typed, double spaced. See course web site for topics

FIRST PAPERS DUE NEXT TUESDAY. 2-3 pages, typed, double spaced. See course web site for topics FIRST PAPERS DUE NEXT TUESDAY JANUARY 26 at lecture 2-3 pages, typed, double spaced See course web site for topics Course website http://courses.washington.edu/rome250 Lecture outlines are posted before

More information

Chapter Focus Read to Discover How the government of the Roman Republic was organized. How the Roman Republic was able to expand its territory. How th

Chapter Focus Read to Discover How the government of the Roman Republic was organized. How the Roman Republic was able to expand its territory. How th CHAPTER 14 The Roman Republic 509 B.C. 30 B.C. The Roman eagle on an onyx cameo A Roman legionary 218 509 B.C. Romans set up republic UNIT 5 THE ROMANS 450 B.C. Twelve Tables are written 264 B.C. Punic

More information

Rome: Transition from Republic to Empire

Rome: Transition from Republic to Empire Rome: Transition from Republic to Empire Paul A. Bishop Introduction Since its collapse, historians have attempted to explain the struggle for power and control over both the Roman Republic and the Roman

More information

For the complete activity with media resources, visit:

For the complete activity with media resources, visit: Activitydevelop Republic to Empire: Government in Ancient Rome What were the critical attributes of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire? How did the two systems impact citizens lives? Overview Students

More information

Cast of Characters. and army general. OCTAVIUS Roman statesman; later called Augustus Caesar, first emperor of Rome

Cast of Characters. and army general. OCTAVIUS Roman statesman; later called Augustus Caesar, first emperor of Rome Cast of Characters JULIUS CAESAR Roman statesman and army general OCTAVIUS Roman statesman; later called Augustus Caesar, first emperor of Rome MARK ANTONY Roman statesman, general, friend of Caesar. LEPIDUS

More information

Transition from Republicanism to Imperialism

Transition from Republicanism to Imperialism Transition from Republicanism to Imperialism Paul Waring May 19, 2014 Introduction After the Third Punic War (149-146), 1 Rome could still claim to be a republic, i.e. a state in which power ultimately

More information

Required Readings Available at the Bookstore: Required Readings Available on Sakai: Basis for the Determination of Final Grade: Class Policies:

Required Readings Available at the Bookstore: Required Readings Available on Sakai: Basis for the Determination of Final Grade: Class Policies: Page 1 of 5 Rome and the First Caesars 510:304 Verbrugghe Spring 2014 ATG-214 Syllabus This course looks at the last century of the Roman Republic and the first century of the Roman Empire, or Roman history

More information

Some of Italy s mountains were volcanic. Their eruptions could devastate Roman towns. They also built cities near rivers for a source of fresh water.

Some of Italy s mountains were volcanic. Their eruptions could devastate Roman towns. They also built cities near rivers for a source of fresh water. The Roman Republic Geography Rome s location helped it become a major power in the ancient world. The geography of Italy made land travel difficult but helped the Romans prosper. Most of Italy is covered

More information

Painting showing the. Cloaca Maxima

Painting showing the. Cloaca Maxima View of early Rome from west side of the Tiber River Painting showing the Cloaca Maxima Cloaca maxima -- the big sewer draining Forum Ponte rotto (broken bridge) - early bridge over Tiber ROMAN RELIGION

More information

Rome: Birth of the Republic

Rome: Birth of the Republic Rome: Birth of the Republic Geography of Italy Center of the Mediterranean basin Romans called it Mare Nostrum, Mountain barriers in the north running down the length of the Italian peninsula Moderately

More information

Retrieved from The website also provides a nice interactive view which breaks down the symbolism of the portrait.

Retrieved from  The website also provides a nice interactive view which breaks down the symbolism of the portrait. Citation of Sources Document 1: Source: McDougal Littel, World History: Ancient Civilizations (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company) page 157 Document 2: Source: Emperor Claudius, Annals (11.23)

More information

Global Foundations. Peloponnesian War thirty-year war between Athens and Sparta, Sparta won

Global Foundations. Peloponnesian War thirty-year war between Athens and Sparta, Sparta won Name: Global Foundations GREECE GEOGRAPHY: Greece is a large mountainous peninsula surrounded by hundreds of islands in the Mediterranean Sea Greece has an irregular coastline which creates many natural

More information

Ancient World History Chapter 6 Ancient Rome and the Rise of Christianity. A. Geography and Peoples of Italy a.

Ancient World History Chapter 6 Ancient Rome and the Rise of Christianity. A. Geography and Peoples of Italy a. Ancient World History Chapter 6 Ancient Rome and the Rise of Christianity Section 1 a. The Roman World Takes Shape A. Geography and Peoples of Italy a. b. Geography i. Rome is located right in the center

More information

Caesar continued on his way, but Brutus stayed behind to speak with Caius Cassius.

Caesar continued on his way, but Brutus stayed behind to speak with Caius Cassius. Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare Caesar continued on his way, but Brutus stayed behind to speak with Caius Cassius. Cassius felt that Caesar was unworthy to rule. He hoped Brutus, one of Rome s most

More information

The Roman Republic. Where was Rome founded? How was Rome governed?

The Roman Republic. Where was Rome founded? How was Rome governed? Name CHAPTER 6 Section 1 (pages 155 159) The Roman Republic BEFORE YOU READ In the last section, you read about Hellenistic culture. In this section, you will read about the Roman republic. AS YOU READ

More information

Do Now: 1. Based on the picture on the board, list two features of the physical geography of Greece:

Do Now: 1. Based on the picture on the board, list two features of the physical geography of Greece: Aim: How did Greek geography affect its development? Do Now: 1. Based on the picture on the board, list two features of the physical geography of Greece: I. Greece s Physical Geography: A. Greece is a

More information

THE BEGINNING OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE

THE BEGINNING OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE THE BEGINNING OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE Think About As You Read 1. Where did the Roman Empire begin? 2. Why was Roman law important? 3. How were Julius Caesar and Augustus Caesar good rulers for Rome? Terms,

More information

JJMUNC II. Roman Senate. Daniel Gordon Lucy Siegel. Co Chair: Daniel Gordon. Co Chair: Lucy Siegel

JJMUNC II. Roman Senate. Daniel Gordon Lucy Siegel. Co Chair: Daniel Gordon. Co Chair: Lucy Siegel JJMUNC II Roman Senate Daniel Gordon Lucy Siegel Co Chair: Daniel Gordon Co Chair: Lucy Siegel The year is 44 BCE, and Gaius Julius Caesar has just been stabbed to death. The conspiracy, headed by Gaius

More information

The Rise and Fall of the Roman Republic Chapter 2: The Republic Matures. By Dallin Hardy

The Rise and Fall of the Roman Republic Chapter 2: The Republic Matures. By Dallin Hardy The Rise and Fall of the Roman Republic Chapter 2: The Republic Matures By Dallin Hardy The Government of Rome Two groups of Romans Patricians Large landowners Allowed to hold public office Plebeians Craftsmen

More information

Chapter 7. Rome and Its Empire OUTLINE. I. Introduction

Chapter 7. Rome and Its Empire OUTLINE. I. Introduction Chapter 7 Rome and Its Empire OUTLINE I. Introduction The center of Mediterranean civilization shifted from Greece and its Hellenistic successor states to Rome, in part because of the skill and organization

More information

CHAPTER 10 & CHAPTER 13, SECTION 1 STUDY GUIDE

CHAPTER 10 & CHAPTER 13, SECTION 1 STUDY GUIDE CHAPTER 10 & CHAPTER 13, SECTON 1 STUDY GUDE Define Pax Romana- What are the dates of Pax Romana? Which emperors mark the beginning and end of Pax Romana in the Roman Empire? Beginning End Who was emperor

More information

Management and the Classics: selective listening and the Julius Caesar Saga

Management and the Classics: selective listening and the Julius Caesar Saga Classics Management and the Classics: selective listening and the Julius Caesar Saga What can the classics say to the modern manager and executive? What can he or she gain from reading Shakespeare s Julius

More information

Ancient Rome: Expansion and Conquest: Teacher s Guide

Ancient Rome: Expansion and Conquest: Teacher s Guide Ancient Rome: Expansion and Conquest: Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 6-8 Curriculum Focus: Ancient History Lesson Duration: Two class periods Program Description They came, they saw, they conquered. They

More information

Chapter 5. The Roman Republic

Chapter 5. The Roman Republic Chapter 5 The Roman Republic The Geography of Italy 750 miles by about 120 miles Apennine Mountains Po Valley Rome Settlements near the mouth of the Tiber River Building on the seven hills Fourteen miles

More information

Chapter 7. Rome and Its Empire OUTLINE. I. Introduction

Chapter 7. Rome and Its Empire OUTLINE. I. Introduction Chapter 7 Rome and Its Empire OUTLINE I. Introduction The stability that typified certain aspects of Chinese and Indian cultures was not present in the Mediterranean. The center of Mediterranean civilization

More information