Fun with Sounds & Letters:

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1 THE BUILDING BLOCKS OF LITERACY Fun with Sounds & Letters: Making the link from P.A. to Phonics & Literacy Presented by Shelley Blakers and Deborah Silverlock

2 In today s session Sound to print connection Synthetic Phonics Reinforcing the code

3 What do we know The written language system evolved from sound Teaching Phonological Awareness supports students to tune in to sound Tuning in to sound helps to connect to print Identifying, blending and segmenting individual sounds (phonemes) is most critical for connecting to print

4 How do we get there? Oral Highly Literate Still Learning to Talk Oral Language PA Focus Moving towards Talking to Learn PA & Synthetic Phonics Focus Talking to Learn Synthetic Phonics

5 Levels Discrimination Judgement Generation Identification Blending Segmenting Categorisation Detection Manipulation Phonological Awareness Components Phoneme Onset- Rime Syllable Word

6 Is P.A. enough? NO because P.A. is only the first step on the journey to literacy Students need to be taught the visual code for sound Written language has evolved beyond simple sound-letter connections

7 Understanding the Sound to Print Connection

8 What is a Sound (phoneme)? Sounds are what we hear and say Sounds are made using lips, tongue, teeth and voice box in various ways

9 What is a letter (grapheme)? p What we see and write A standard symbol used to represent sounds

10 What do you know about the code? What is a consonant? A sounds created with complete or partial closure of the vocal tract using tongue lips or teeth. (en.wikipedia.org/wiki/consonant)

11

12 What is a vowel? A sounds made without closing your mouth or throat

13

14 What do you know about the code? What is a digraph? Two letters that represent one sound What is a blend? Two or more consonants together each representing a sound

15 Expectations

16 Suggested Expectations

17 Phonological Awareness Oral Skills

18 Phonics

19 Alternative Order

20 Is it Phonics or Spelling? Why reinvent the wheel? P.A. Phonics Phonics Spelling Spelling Grammar

21 Teaching Students to Crack the Code

22 Principles of Synthetic Phonics Moves quickly 3 or more letters a week Order of letter-sound introduction based on functionality for decoding and encoding (spelling) Emphasises sound to print connection Teaches the sound in all positions in a word from the beginning Decoding skills taught before high frequency sight words Explicitly teaches segmenting blending Applied to real context immediately

23 A Sample LESSON

24 Review Session Structure Identifying sounds connecting to print Blending/Reading (word and sentence level) Segmenting/Spelling (word & sentence level)

25 Review Activities Show Me -Tell Me! Students given letter cards. Students asked to Show me the letter/grapheme for sound. a s n Letters are written on the board and student asked to Tell me the sound/phoneme for this letter. p t i

26 a t i p ch s n

27 Other Review Activities Was It? Stepping Stones Memory Sound Bingo Fish SOUND-LETTER BINGO s f n g a m p i t sat mat fat SOUND-LETTER

28 Identifying & Connecting to Letters Activity Sound Pocket-Isabel Beck Provide students with a letter corresponding to a target sound Call out words and students move the letter card according to where they hear the sound in the word t

29 Identification Sound Sort Feely Bag* T C Show a picture Have students identify the beginning, middle or end sound Have them place the picture with the corresponding letter

30 Blending & Reading Present the words Activity Say-It-and-Move-It Ref: Blachman et al. (2000) Students touch each letter/letter pattern and say the sound Student return to the beginning. Point to each letter and draw out the sound as they move their finger under the letters and transition to the next letter sound without stopping. Students say the word

31 Alien Talk nap n a p

32 Other Blending Activities Flip Charts Flip Books Flip Sheets Sound People Stretch and Snap Decoding Bingo Go Fish Board Games Cube Toss Tea Party Pinterest for great activities

33 Other Blending Activities Stretch & Snap

34 Other Blending Activities Sound Letter Flip Chart

35 Retrieved 17/1/14 retrieved on 17/1/14

36 Other Blending Activities

37 Blending for Reading Use sentences or books with words that can be decoded using the knowledge students currently have. Decodable texts for early decoding and those who struggle Dandelion readers (for older students- Talisman Series) _virtuemart&view=category&virtuemart_category_id=21 Oxford Press- Reading Tree Debbie Hepplewhite Phonics International Bug Club-Pearson Publicsations Fitzroy Readers

38 Segmenting and Spelling Place the counters on the treasure box. Call a word. Student move one counter for each sound from the treasure box into Elkonin boxes. The Treasure Box Students identify what sound they hear first next last and then record how each is represented with letters S T O P

39 A Twist on Have-A-Go-Pads Gets the children to think about how many sounds they need to represent in a word. Set up a grid in your have-a-go pads. Student identifies how many sounds there are in the word. shipwreck Student has a go at representing each of the sounds he/ she hears. Teacher just needs to correct the sound representation/s the student gets incorrect. sh i p wr e ck

40 For older students try using graph paper for a have a go pad.

41 So u nds in m y He a d Other Activities ure for Segmenting ough Using whiteboards air Using letter tiles and blocks to spell out words Phonics Clouds ain Created by Deborah Silverlock

42 Manipulation with letters Sound Manipulation p a t o c Provide students with 3-5 letters Call out a word for students to make with their letters (e.g. pat) Call out another word for students to make which only requires students to change one letter (e.g. pot) at a time

43 Make it fun Sound String Metal Tray Magnetic letters

44 Make it fun

45

46 Make it fun

47 Slide from UK Education Department Teaching the higher levels of phonics: UK Phonics Site Idea : When teaching the split digraph, think about Ask two children to hold hands to represent the grapheme - the pair is split by another child who represents the phoneme between them.

48 Fairy e Wing Fun Materials Required: Plastic shopping bag Permanent pens Streamers Scissors Procedure Lay bag flat Cut the bag up the middle from open end between the 2 handles, stopping 10 cms from bottom of bag. Gather the middle of bag and tie a ribbon around it. The two handles become arm holes, wings are formed for fairy. Write fairy on left wing and e on right wing. Make a wand to go with your fairy wings e

49 Writing Sentences Dictate a short sentence or two using the words with known sound-letter correspondences Dictation should be done from PP.

50 Differentiating

51 Making it Stick: Having fun and reinforcing the phonics (visual code)

52 Phonics Folder Challenge: reduce the focus on worksheets. Keep it interactive. Nice activity but.. E.g. How much of the activity is colouring in versus PA? If mostly colouring is the lesson about PA? Phonics Folder reduces the need for worksheets.

53 Mini Offices

54 Reinforcement Integrate into other curriculum areas Be creative & have fun Don t miss incidental opportunities Get students involved

55 Choose book to match phonics oa as in boat or sh as in ship Who sank the boat By Pamela Allen Courtesy of Deborah Silverlock

56 Turn phonics into characters

57 Courtesy of Deborah Silverlock Make it Concrete

58

59 Week 6 Beachlands Primary Pre Primary After explicit synthetic phonics instruction. Week 7 Synthetic Phonics Works! i

60 Recommended reading and program

61

62 Thank you. for your participation today! Contact

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