2 What is the Bay-Wise program? A program offered by University of Maryland Extension, and Maryland Master Gardeners To explain that what we do in our own yards can affect the health of our local waterways, the Bay and the environment. To promote simple practices for you and your family to help keep our Maryland water healthy.
3 2010 State of the Bay
4 Chesapeake Bay 2011 Report Card The report card score for 2011 was an overall D+, which is the second lowest score that we have recorded since 1986, the furthest back that we have been able to calculate scores. The only worse score was in 2003, another year of extremely high freshwater flows. This is obviously not good news for Chesapeake Bay and it occurs in spite of some very positive efforts in terms of restoration efforts. The 2011 report card grades ranged from three Cs (Upper Bay, Lower Bay and Upper Western Shore to two Fs (Elizabeth and Patuxent Rivers). The 2011 scores dropped compared with 2010 scores in 13 of the 15 reporting regions. The only two regions to show slight improvements were the Patapsco and Back Rivers and the rivers just to the south of here in Anne Arundel County. Bill Dennison - University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, April 17, 2012
5 Chesapeake Bay Watershed Storm drains, streams and rivers in the watershed drain into the Chesapeake Bay. Much of what we put on our yards ends up there too!
6 Dead Zones in the Bay Nutrient pollution: too much nitrogen and phosphorous Algae blooms prevent sunlight from reaching underwater grasses Decaying Algae and grasses rob the Bay of oxygen
7 How the Bay-Wise Program Works Maryland Master Gardeners take additional training to learn how to teach Bay-Wise best practices. We make presentations to interested community groups to encourage participation. We make site visits to evaluate residents yards based on Bay-Wise Yardstick guidelines.
8 Scalped Lawn
10 What is the Bay Wise Yardstick? A Scorecard/Checklist with tips on how to Control Runoff Encourage Wildlife Protect the Waterfront Mow Properly / Water Efficiently Manage Yard Pests Mulch Appropriately / Recycle Yard Waste Fertilize Wisely Plant Wisely
11 What is the Bay Wise Yardstick? A Scorecard/Checklist with tips on how to Control Runoff Encourage Wildlife Protect the Waterfront Mow Properly / Water Efficiently Manage Yard Pests Mulch Appropriately / Recycle Yard Waste Fertilize Wisely Plant Wisely
12 Control Runoff Keep grass, leaves and yard debris out of storm drains Use rain barrels to collect water Direct downspouts onto lawns, planting beds Use mulch and border plantings along edge of property Create a rain garden Use mulch or porous surfaces for walkways
13 Rain barrel, Rain Garden and Disconnected Downspouts
14 Mulch replaces impervious surfaces
15 What is the Bay Wise Yardstick? A Scorecard/Checklist with tips on how to Control Runoff Encourage Wildlife Protect the Waterfront Mow Properly / Water Efficiently Manage Yard Pests Mulch Appropriately / Recycle Yard Waste Fertilize Wisely Plant Wisely
16 Increase Species Diversity Plant flowers, vines, shrubs and trees that offer cover, nesting areas or food sources for birds, butterflies, beneficial insects and other desirable wildlife. Consider adding a shelter such as a bat house or bird house.
17 Wild habitat for Wildlife
18 Discourage Rats! Remove leftover pet food (cats, dogs and birds) and animal waste (feces) every day from your yard. Animal waste contains undigested pet food that rats will eat! Remove old furniture, vehicles and appliances from your property. Don t give rats a home! Mow tall grass and weeds. Don t give them a place to hide! Store lumber, firewood and other materials well off the ground.
19 What is the Bay Wise Yardstick? A Scorecard/Checklist with tips on how to Control Runoff Encourage Wildlife Protect the Waterfront Mow Properly / Water Efficiently Manage Yard Pests Mulch Appropriately / Recycle Yard Waste Fertilize Wisely Plant Wisely
20 Mow Properly Mow 2 ½ -3 ½ high Healthier root system More drought tolerant Shades out weeds Remove no more than one third height Limit fertilizers to slow growth Consider reducing lawn area
21 Scalped Lawn
22 Next Door 3 Mowing
23 What is the Bay Wise Yardstick? A Scorecard/Checklist with tips on how to Control Runoff Encourage Wildlife Protect the Waterfront Mow Properly / Water Efficiently Manage Yard Pests Mulch Appropriately / Recycle Yard Waste Fertilize Wisely Plant Wisely
24 Water Efficiently Water the roots, not the leaves Water in the morning Water deeply, less often Allow lawns to go dormant in summer Choose plants that are drought tolerant Repair leaking hose connections Drip hose for vegetables in a raised bed
26 What is the Bay Wise Yardstick? A Scorecard/Checklist with tips on how to Control Runoff Encourage Wildlife Protect the Waterfront Mow Properly / Water Efficiently Manage Yard Pests Mulch Appropriately / Recycle Yard Waste Fertilize Wisely Plant Wisely
27 Control of Yard pests Accept that your landscape will not be completely insect or disease-free. Pesticides may be necessary for serious problems but should not be used routinely or indiscriminately. Improper use of pesticides can result in pest resistance and can harm humans, pets, beneficial organisms and the environment.
28 Best Practices Check plants regularly by walking around your yard and observing plants for signs of problems. Avoid routine application of pesticides. Treat only the affected plants or lawn area. Use environmentally friendly pesticides such as horticultural oils and soaps, Bacillus thuringiensis (B.t.) and other beneficial organisms as an alternative to harsher pesticides.
29 Beneficial insects and simple remedies usually control the bad bugs so avoid toxic chemicals Hornworms? Hand pick and squish underfoot or drown in jar of soapy water. Or use them as fish bait. Toxic sprays that kill the bad guys generally kill the good guys too.
30 Beneficial insects and simple remedies usually control the bad bugs so avoid toxic chemicals Hornworms? Hand pick and squish underfoot or drown in jar of soapy water. Or use them as fish bait. Parasitized by Braconid Wasp larva Toxic sprays that kill the bad guys generally kill the good guys too.
31 Beneficial insects and simple remedies usually control the bad bugs so avoid toxic chemicals Aphids? Predators & parasites, such as lady beetles & small wasps, generally control. Or blast them off with your watering hose. Toxic sprays that kill the bad guys generally kill the good guys too.
32 Beneficial insects and simple remedies usually control the bad bugs so avoid toxic chemicals IPM Integrated Pest Management Managing problems at acceptable levels rather than attempting to eliminate them Toxic sprays that kill the bad guys generally kill the good guys too.
33 What is the Bay Wise Yardstick? A Scorecard/Checklist with tips on how to Control Runoff Encourage Wildlife Protect the Waterfront Mow Properly / Water Efficiently Manage Yard Pests Mulch Appropriately / Recycle Yard Waste Fertilize Wisely Plant Wisely
34 Mulch Appropriately Retains moisture Inhibits weed growth Reduces erosion 2 to 3 maximum Pull back from trunks No volcanoes please!
35 Incorrect Mulching
36 What is the Bay Wise Yardstick? A Scorecard/Checklist with tips on how to Control Runoff Encourage Wildlife Protect the Waterfront Mow Properly / Water Efficiently Manage Yard Pests Mulch Appropriately / Recycle Yard Waste Fertilize Wisely Plant Wisely
37 Recycle Grass-cycle grass clippings by leaving them on the lawn. This practice contributes nitrogen and reduces the need to fertilize. Cut it high and leave them lie! Use leaves and pine needles as mulch under trees or shrubs and flower beds rather than bagging and discarding them. Pine needles are great with acid-loving plants like azaleas and rhododendrons.
40 What is the Bay Wise Yardstick? A Scorecard/Checklist with tips on how to Control Runoff Encourage Wildlife Protect the Waterfront Mow Properly / Water Efficiently Manage Yard Pests Mulch Appropriately / Recycle Yard Waste Fertilize Wisely Plant Wisely
41 Find out what your soil needs Have your soil tested! Know what you are buying. Understand the label Follow the directions and soil test recommendations Use slow release nitrogen WIN,40% or more Fertilize Wisely
42 Chart of the Effect of Soil ph on Nutrient Availability
43 When to Fertilize Cool season grasses, fescue, bluegrass and ryegrass, in late summer or early fall Warm season grasses, zoysia and bermuda grass, in early summer Shrubs mid-fall after leaves have fallen and early spring before growth occurs Recently planted trees once a year
44 Homeowner Lawn Care Fertilizer Use Act of 2011 Homeowners may not apply fertilizer between November 15 and March 1 or when ground is frozen. Homeowners may not apply fertilizer to impervious surfaces. Phosphorus will not be included in fertilizer products bought from a retail outlet labeled for routine lawn applications. Annual total nitrogen application is limited
45 What is the Bay Wise Yardstick? A Scorecard/Checklist with tips on how to Control Runoff Encourage Wildlife Protect the Waterfront Mow Properly / Water Efficiently Manage Yard Pests Mulch Appropriately / Recycle Yard Waste Fertilize Wisely Plant Wisely
46 Plant Wisely Plant natives Eliminate invasives Group plants with similar water and maintenance needs Reduce lawns with ground covers, trees, shrubs or perennials Use trees to save energy Invasive Lythrum salicaria Native Liatris spicata
47 Remove Invasives Tree of Heaven (Ailanthus altissima)
48 Canada Thistle, Multiflora Rose and Japanese Honeysuckle
49 How Do I Get My Yard Certified as Bay-Wise? Interested in making your landscape more environmentally sound? Follow these three steps: Download the appropriate MD Yardstick Complete the MD Yardstick self evaluation Contact the Master Gardener program in your county to sign up for a site visit. If your yard receives enough points for certification, you may receive a small sign to display in your landscape and a certificate. Even if you do not have your landscape certified, you can still do plenty to reduce pollutants going into the Chesapeake Bay by following the suggestions in the MD Yardstick.
51 Where can I get more information? Visit our website at Follow the links to download the Maryland Yardstick appropriate for your yard Check out the many free online publications at Or contact the Home and Garden Information Center to order publications by phone US Fish and Wildlife To have your yard certified Betty -
FYN Official Yard Recognition Checklist By recognizing specific landscapes as Florida-Friendly, the Florida Yards & Neighborhoods (FYN) branch of the Florida-Friendly Landscaping (FFL) Program honors homeowners
Backyard Buffers Protecting Habitat and Water Quality What is a buffer? A buffer (also called a riparian buffer area or zone) is the strip of natural vegetation along the bank of a stream, lake or other
Yard Habits Lets Get the Facts Sponsored by the Johnson County Partnership for Water Quality WATER POLLUTION Sources of water pollution like industrial wastes from factories have been greatly reduced in
For additional information, please contact: Florida-Friendly Living Citrus County Extension 3650 W Sovereign Path, Ste 1 Lecanto FL 34461 Office: (352) 527 5700 Fax: (352) 527 5749 Sumter County Extension
Principles of Composting Composting biologically speeds up the decomposition of organic wastes into a soil-like material. Heat and carbon dioxide are also produced in the process. Composting can take place
Environmental Issues In Your Backyard How to Keep a Healthy Lawn In the pursuit of maintaining green, weed-free lawns, some homeowners may over-apply fertilizer to encourage vigorous growth and pesticides
Why GreenScape? Our yards are our outdoor homes: fun, beautiful, great spaces for relaxing. By taking care of our lawns and gardens properly, we can save money, time and help the environment. GreenScaping
Storm Water Tips Here are ten simple things every homeowner can do to help reduce the amount of pollutants that are carried into Ohio's streams, lakes and rivers. 1. Never dump anything down a storm drain
PREVENTING PEST DAMAGE IN HOME LAWNS Quick Tips Summary Use mixed grass seeds rather than a single variety Fertilize with composted organics or slow-acting synthetic products Keep soil at ph 5.8 6.5 Keep
RainScapes Environmentally Friendly Landscapes for Healthy Watersheds RainScapes for Schools Environmental Report Card How is your schoolyard doing? Is it helping the Chesapeake Bay, or is it contributing
Composting - Nature's Way of Recycling By recycling the organic waste created by your household into compost, it allows you to return badly needed organic matter to your soil. In this way, we participate
Much Ado about Mulches (Author s Note: This is the tenth in a series of articles by members of the City of Sanibel Vegetation Committee dealing with vegetative matters of concern to island residents. For
COMPOSTING http://www.watersmart.cc/html/compost/fset.html Cool & Easy Compost Recipe Hot & Fast Compost Recipe Troubleshooting your pile Mulching Composting is the easy, free way to add nutrients to soil,
BACKYARD COMPOSTING MANUAL Backyard composting Composting is nature s way of recycling organic materials back into the soil in order for the cycle of life to continue and human-controlled composting optimizes
INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR KENNESAW STATE UNIVERSITY KENNESAW, GEORGIA PREPARED JANUARY 1997 REVISED NOVEMBER 2006 TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction and Principles of Integrated Pest Management
Soil Quality Restoration And the Compost Connection Presented by: Name City Rainscaping Iowa Do-It-Yourself Compost Naturally Compost Considerations Location, location, location To Bin or not to bin? The
Phosphorus Phosphorus Brochure Lake Whatcom Cooperative Management Reducing Phosphorus Website Washington State Department of Ecology www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/wq/nonpoint/phosphorus/phosphorusban.html Nutrients
Compost Bins: A How-To Guide Compost Bins: A How-To Guide to a Healthy Yard College of Agriculture and Bioresources Making use of food scraps and yard waste at home is easy and rewarding. These organic
3.4 PUBLIC AWARENESS AND INVOLVEMENT PROGRAMS An essential component of any restoration plan is a focused and integrated public education and involvement program. Many agencies, both public and private,
Sustainable Fescue Lawns in the Piedmont The Value of Lawns Add value to your home Stabilize the soil & prevent erosion Filter water before it reaches drinking water Produce oxygen Trap pollutants in thatch
Watering Trees for Long-term Survival The Village of Downers Grove is proud of its Tree City USA distinction, and we want residents to help keep Downers Grove beautiful with happy, healthy trees. Watering
GENERAL WATERING & CARE GUIDE Between 30-60 percent of water applied to lawns and gardens is never absorbed by the plants. Water is often wasted because it is applied too quickly and runs off, evaporates
Virginia Cooperative Extension A partnership of Virginia Tech and Virginia State University College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Bedford County/City Office County Administration Building 122 East Main
A down to earth guide to composting Easy waste reduction in 10 minutes a week edmonton.ca/compost What is composting? Composting is a natural process that breaks down organic kitchen and yard materials.
A Lesson Plan Developed by Introductory Activity Lead a discussion on the diversity of living organisms in, on, or around a lake. Record the names of as many organisms as the students can think of. They
DESIGNING A SCHOOL GARDEN Sandy McGroarty, An Taisce Green-Schools Designing the Garden Why do you want a garden? Ornamental Edible Forest Garden Outdoor Classroom Biodiversity Maintenance over the Summer
RIVER-FRIENDLY LANDSCAPING Sustainable Practices for the Landscape Professional RIVER-FRIENDLY LANDSCAPING IS A whole systems approach to the design, construction & maintenance of the landscape. Conventional
Extension Master Gardeners of Buncombe County Presented By Linda McNab Master Gardener Volunteer North Carolina Cooperative Extension Buncombe County Center SOIL From Red Clay to Brown Gold Soil Preparation
Waterwise Landscaping: Designing a Drought-tolerant (and deer-resistant) Landscape and Garden Basic principles of xeriscaping How to Design and Implement Plants and Practical Information UCCE Master Gardeners
WEEDS Introduction Weeds are any plants that grow where they are unwanted. Common weeds are fast growing, resilient nuisances that compete with your cultivated plants for nutrients, water, and sunlight.
Photo Credit: Geoff Brosseau Description This category includes businesses that provide landscaping and landscape maintenance/gardening services. Pollutant Sources The following are sources of pollutants:
To Protecting Water Quality and the Environment XCM-223 It s a fact of modern life many of our activities have altered the natural cycles of water movement and purification that give us clean water. While
E-278 3-11 Easy Gardening osting composting composting composti Joseph Masabni, Assistant Professor and Extension Horticulturist, and Patrick Lillard, Extension Assistant, The Texas A&M System If we composted
Water Pollution Graphing Revised October 2011 PURPOSE: To describe and identify the link between land use activities within a watershed and water quality. SUMMARY: Students will evaluate the quality of
1. What plants can I use in my water-efficient landscape? The River Friendly Landscape Rebate Program does not require particular plants, only that when fully mature, the plants cover at least fifty percent
New York State Department Of Environmental Conservation EVERYTHING YOU HAVE ALWAYS WANTED TO KNOW ABOUT HOME COMPOSTING But were afraid to ask! George E. Pataki, Governor Erin M. Crotty, Commissioner printed
Lawn Care FAQ s Fertilizer, Weed Control, Grubs, and General Application Questions Why do we have so many weeds? Dandelions in particular, weeds in general, do not seem concerned about how long lawn has
Lawn A Syst: An environmental risk assessment guide for lawn care practices Michigan residents use their lawns for a wide range of activities. Some desire a formal, manicured appearance; others are interested
Why hire an arborist? Spring is fast approaching and that means gardens to attend and flowers to plant, but what about your trees? Now is the best time to hire an arborist to maintain your trees before
TEXAS SMARTSCAPE Landscape Design and Maintenance for Water Quality Water Conservation Dotty Woodson Extension Program Specialist Texas AgriLife Extension Texas A&M University System Texas SmartScape Developed
WHAT IS WRONG WITH MY LAWN? Lawn problems can occur in small areas or larger patches and entire lawns can be affected. Sometimes the problems are due to poor growing conditions, improper lawn care practices,
Water Conservation: An adequate supply of high quality water has become a critical issue for the future prosperity of Texas. Booming populations have increased the demand on the state s already limited
EnviroScape Water Pollution Lesson Plan I. What is Pollution? A. Allow students to brainstorm different types of pollution. B. Then tell them what pollution is: harmful substances deposited in the air,
Composting FAQ S Q. What are the basic ingredients I need for a compost pile? Browns are carbon-rich, dry, woody materials such as fallen leaves, hay, dried plants, shredded paper and cardboard. Greens
A HOW-TO BACKYARD COMPOSTING GUIDE WHAT IS COMPOSTING? Compost is a dark, crumbly, earthy smelling material that is great for your garden. Composting is the natural breakdown of organic material (kitchen
by Robert Skip Richter County Extension Director - Travis County Texas AgriLife Extension Service. Composting is fun! It's also easy. Let's learn about how we make compost and how we use it to grow beautiful
September 2012 Prepared by David Minner, extension turfgrass specialist Iowa State University Extension and Outreach Drought Damaged Lawns Need Help While the drought of 2012 may be remembered more for
Rhode Island Department of Environmental Managment Sustainable Turf Management for Landscaping Self-Certification Checklist Sustainable Turf Management for Landscaping Certification Program Rhode Island
Pond Management Plan Workbook Watershed Management 22211 US 19 N., Bldg 10 Clearwater, FL 33765 (727) 464-4425 Table of Contents Introduction... Page 3 Six Steps To Building Your Pond Management Plan...
Storm Water and Pollution Prevention What is storm water? Storm water is water from precipitation such as rain or snow that flows across the ground and pavement. That water seeps into the ground or collects
FEDERATED WOMEN S INSTITUTES OF CANADA EVERY DROP COUNTS! WATER AWARENESS PROGRAM As Women Institute Members, we must be aware of our water resources across Canada. Water is an essential component of all
Student BaySavers Projects Build Your Own Rain Garden What Is a Rain Garden? A rain garden is designed to catch rainwater and slow, decrease, and improve the quality of storm water runoff. A rain garden
Recycle Your Yard UF IFAS Extension Hillsborough County The 4 R s for Yard Recycling Reduce Reuse Recycle Repeat and REPEAT REDUCE material flow into & out of your garden! HOW TO REDUCE Check plants prior
Maintaining a Healthy Lawn in Western Oregon A.M. VanDerZanden and T. Cook EC 1521 Reprinted February 2001 $1.50 The typical home lawn is an evolving ecosystem that gets more complex each year. At first,
mulching Action Sheet 34 So what is mulching? nutrients release as leaves decompose leaf litter shallow roots take up Have you ever looked closely at a forest floor? It s covered in leaf litter - a nutrient-rich,
BAY-FRIENDLY LANDSCAPING Creating Drought Resistant Soils Water Conservation Showcase March 24, 2009 Sarah Sutton, ASLA, LEED AP, Principal Design, Community & Environment Geoff Hall Sentient Landscape,
FERTILIZER SELECTION AND APPLICATION Excerpt from: HEALTHY LAWN CARE PROGRAM FOR OAKLAND AND WAYNE COUNTY RESIDENTS Updated by SOCWA in cooperation with the Healthy Lawn and Garden Technical Advisory Committee
Go from waste to WOW. How can you dispose of yard, garden and kitchen waste and create a valuable natural soil additive at the same time? With a compost pile! In a compost pile, you create an environment
Composting 101 A beginner s guide to composting. Congratulations on your decision to start composting. Compost can improve the health of your garden and potted plants, help you save money by eliminating
Compost Information for VAG Leaders Preparation: - In this factsheet, the members will learn about compost: what is it? How to make it? What can be composed? - The leader must be sure to bring the materials
Controlling Invasive Plants and Animals in our Community PROVIDED BY THE WILDLIFE COMMITTEE What makes a plant or animal invasive? When a plant or animal from another region of the world (usually Europe
LIFETIME COMPOST TUMBLER HOW TO INSTRUCTIONS LIFETIME COMPOST TUMBLER COMPOSTING - ACCELERATING NATURE S PROCESS In nature, such as grasslands or forests, plants die or shed their foliage which returns
Hiring a Bay-Friendly Qualified Professional to Design or Manage Your Landscape 1 Are you a Homeowner needing help redesigning or managing your yard or garden? Property owner or manager looking to improve
Water Conservation Questions - Key 1. Why should we conserve water? Because we cannot make anymore 2. Is there an unlimited amount of clean water? no 3. Can we produce new water? no, all the water on the
Alternative Pesticide Management for the Lawn and Garden XCM-221 A pest-free lawn and garden may sound ideal, but is it really? Maintaining the perfect urban landscape may result in a reliance on pesticides
February and March 1. Check your soil s ph SPRING Soil ph, a measure of the soil s acidity or alkalinity, can directly influence the strength and quality of your lawn. When the ph is below 7.0, the soil
Healthy Lawn Care The Santa Clara County IPM Program supports reducing reliance on pesticides. We encourage all including the homeowners to adopt environmentally sound lawn care practices, such as using
Making Compost: Easy As 1.- 2. January 2010 Presented by Maricopa County Master Gardener Pam Perry Mission of the Maricopa County Master Gardener Program is to teach people to select, place, and care for
Best Lawns News Late Spring 2014 Edition Virginia Cooperative Extension Prince William Unit Featured in This Issue Stilt Grass 2 National Arboretum s Grass Roots Exhibit 4 Grub Control 5 All content was
1. Recent evidence indicates that lakes in large areas of New York State are being affected by acid rain. The major effect of acid rain in the lakes is (1) an increase in game fish population levels (3)
Neem Oil 3 garden products in one Concentrate Controls blackspot, powdery mildew, rust, spider mites, aphids, whiteflies & other insect pests For use on roses, flowers, houseplants, ornamental trees and
A PATTERN BOOK FOR NEIGHBORLY HOUSES LANDSCAPE PATTERNS E Landscape Patterns Throughout the United States there is an incredible range of climatic zones, microclimates, plant species, and landscape traditions.
CHAPTER 1 3 Types of Interactions SECTION Interactions of Living Things BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What determines an area s carrying capacity?
Water pollution: the human connection boat ramp surfing waves Warm up: have you ever seen polluted water? what does polluted water look like? what does it smell like? Notes: 1. Ask the students to write
FLORIDA-FRIENDLY LANDSCAPING A GRASS-ROOTS WATER QUALITY PROGRAM Esen Momol, Gail Hansen, Don Rainey, CJ Bain, John Bossart, Claire Lewis, and Jen Marvin What is Florida-Friendly Landscaping? Water issues
Tree Care Guide Think of the tree you just purchased as a lifetime investment and considering many tree species live for many decades, they are a wonderful legacy. How well your tree, and investment, grows