It can be easy..without using pesticides you can increase the health of your landscape allowing it to naturally fight insects and diseases.

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1 The Pesticide By-law Think Outside the Box It can be easy..without using pesticides you can increase the health of your landscape allowing it to naturally fight insects and diseases. Let us help you. Your lawn can be this attractive without the use of chemical pesticides. The WeedHound Available at local retailers To contact us: Click on the logo to view Pesticide by-law Wendy Martin Phone: x 3290 Manager, Greenspace Fax: Town of Collingwood 97 Hurontario Street, Box 157 Collingwood, ON L9Y 3Z5

2 Highlights of Pesticide By-law WHAT IS A PESTICIDE? Any product that is registered under the Federal Pest Control Products Act and is intended to injure its target. Pesticides used include Herbicides (which kill plants), Insecticides (which kill insects) and Fungicides (which kill fungi). HOW DO I KNOW IF IT IS A PEST CONTROL PRODUCT? The product label will display a PCP number. WHAT IF THE PRODUCT HAS A PCP NUMBER YET IT IS LISTED ON THE ALLOWABLE PRODUCTS / EXEMPTIONS LIST? You are allowed to use this product under the By-law with proper signage. WHAT ARE THE ALLOWABLE / EXEMPTED PRODUCTS? A soap A mineral oil such as dormant or horticultural oil Silicon dioxide (diatomaceous earth) Bt, nematodes or other biological control organisms Borax (boric or boracic acid) Ferric phosphate Acetic acid Pyrethrum or pyrethrins Fatty acids Sulphur Corn gluten meal WHEN AM I ALLOWED TO USE A PESTICIDE? The By-law makes an exemption for the following circumstances: The Pesticide By-law came into effect March 26, 2007 except for the enforcement section which came into effect January 1, 2008 i. To disinfect swimming pools, whirlpools, spas or wading pools ii. To purify water intended for the use of humans or animals iii. Inside of a building iv. On land used for commercial production of food v. To injure something that is harmful to human health (see Pesticide By-law, Section 2-Restrictions) WHAT ARE THE FINES FOR NON-COMPLIANCE WITH THE PESTICIDE BY-LAW? The By-law department can issue a ticket (like a speeding ticket) for $255 to either or both the homeowner and company that applied the banned substance. When a summons for non-compliance is served, upon conviction the homeowner and or company can be fined from $500 to $100,000. IF I HIRE A LANDSCAPE COMPANY FOR MY HOME OR BUSINESS, CAN I GET A FINE TOO? Yes, you could receive a fine if the company you hired violates the By-law. Talk with your landscape company before hiring them to do the work. Make sure they are aware of the -law and that they know you are aware of it. By HOW DO I MAKE A COMPLAINT ABOUT PESTICIDE USE THAT VIOLATES THE BY-LAW? If you suspect that a pesticide has been used in violation of the By-law, call the By-law Department at

3 Local stores can sell all types of pesticides, including those that residents should avoid. Using certain pesticides may expose the user to possible fines for breaking the Pesticide By-law. Use these lists to help you decide what products to choose and which to avoid. Always follow the label directions. CHOOSE these lower risk products to avoid fines: Ingredients Allowed in the By-law A soap Some Product Names* Safer s Trounce Yard & Garden Insecticide Green Earth Insecticidal Soap Wilson Pro Insecticidal Soap Concentrate A mineral oil, also called dormant or horticultural oil Plant Products Dormant Oil Green Earth Horticultural Oil Insect Spray Green Earth Dormant Spray Kit Silicon Dioxide, also called diatomaceous earth Bt (bacillus thuringiensis), nematodes and other biological control organisms Chemfree Insectigone Crawling Insect Killer Green Earth Dio Bug & Slug Killer Raid Earthblends Ant & Earwig Dust Bugout Insecticide Green Earth Ant & Roach Insect Dust Safer s BTK Biological Insecticide Environmental Factor Grub Busters Environmental Factor Leatherjacket Control Natural Insect Control Lawn Guardian Nematodes Borax, also called boric acid or boracic acid Wilson Liquid Antex Raid Liquid Ant Killer Safer s Attack Ant Killer Ferric phosphate Acetic Acid Pyrethrum or pyrethrins Fatty Acids Sulphur Corn Gluten Meal Sluggo Slug and Snail Bait for Gardens Scott s EcoSense Slug & Snail Bait Safer s Slug & Snail Bait EcoClear President s Choice Weed Control Herbicide Scott s EcoSense Weed Control Turf Revolution Horticultural Vinegar Raid EarthBlends Vegetable Bug Fogger Safer s Vegetable Garden Insecticide AIM Insect Spray Green Earth Bio-Mist Insect Killer Environmental Factor Zap Insecticidal Soap Scott s EcoSense Insecticidal Soap Safer s Defender Garden Fungicide Green Earth Garden Fungicide Green Earth Lime Sulphur Environmental Factor Turf Maize WOW without Weeds Turf Revolution Corn Gluten *This is not a complete list. It is not intended to endorse any specific product or its effectiveness in controlling particular pests. Always follow the label. Consult Health Canada s website eddenet.pmra-arla.gc.ca/4.0/4.0.asp or a retailer for a more complete list of products.

4 Local stores can sell all types of pesticides, including those that residents should avoid. Using certain pesticides may expose the user to possible fines for breaking the Pesticide By-law. Use these lists to help you decide what products to choose and which to avoid. Always follow the label directions. AVOID these ingredients, in both pesticides and fertilizers: Ingredients to Avoid 2,4-D Mecoprop Dicamba Some Product Names** Killex Wilson Lawn WeedOut WeedEx READ THE LABEL KNOW WHAT PRODUCT YOU ARE USING Glyphosate Carbaryl Imidacloprid RoundUp TotalEx Brush, Grass & Weed Killer Sevin Insecticide Rose Doctor Insecticide and Fungicide Wilson Earwig & Cutworm Destroyer Wilson GrubOut Merit Systemic Grub Control Permethrin Folpet Pirimicab Endosulfan Malathion Ambush Tree & Garden Insect Killer Wilson SpiderBan Wilson Bug-X Floritect Insecticide / Fungicide Borer & Weevil Killer Wilson Insecticide / Fungicide ** This is not a complete list. Collingwood s Pesticide By-law allows some of these products to be used in certain situations, such as to control, destroy, reduce or repel, directly or indirectly, an animal, plant or other organism which is harmful to human health. To order a Pesticide Free, Naturally! Action kit visit

5 I HAVE ALWAYS USED A LAWN CARE COMPANY, DO I HAVE TO SWITCH? No, all lawn care companies have access to training in non-pesticide, organic methods of keeping your landscape healthy. Just ask them and hear what they have to say. WHAT SHOULD I BE ASKING MY LAWN CARE COMPANY SO I KNOW MY LANDSCAPE WILL STILL LOOK GOOD? Ask them to continue fertilizing. If your lawn is mowed shorter than 2.5 to 3 ask them to raise the mowing height. If your lawn dries out very quickly ask them to look at the soil in that area and add some loam or compost soil to give the soil something that can hold water. If your irrigation works every night ask them to reduce it to once or twice a week so that the grass is not depending on so much water. This will make your grass more drought tolerant. If you have weeds in your lawn ask them to top-dress with a good loam or compost soil and add grass seed. If you have bugs in your perennials or shrubs ask them to hand pick them or prune out the nest. Ask them to aerate your lawn two or three times a year. Putting these holes in the grass allows the water and oxygen to get to the roots keeping it healthy and strong. Ask them to cultivate the soil in your garden to allow oxygen and water to get to the plant roots. WHAT IF I LOOK AFTER MY PROPERTY MYSELF? Now is a great time to get to know your property. You probably get the same problem weeds or pests in the same area of your property year after year. Look on the internet to see exactly what the weed or insect is. The pest is the greatest hint of all. Weeds and insects are picky and only go where they know they will live. If you have hard packed soil only certain types of weeds will grow there. If you have the same insect on the same shrub every year maybe that shrub isn t the best choice for the location or inspect the shrub early to look for the insects and hand pick them before they cause a real problem. WHAT CAN I DO TO KEEP MY PROPERTY LOOKING AS GREAT AS IT DID WHEN I COULD USE PESTICIDES? Inspect your plants and lawn regularly. If you can identify the pest/weed early before it becomes a bigger problem all organic products can look after the pest. If you find an infestation on your lawn or plant remove it. Dig up the grass to remove the grubs, prune the plant to remove the insect. If you keep your plants healthy they will fight back and produce new growth. Choose plants that are native to your area and are suitable for your soil type. Don t let your landscape get old and tired that is when the problems begin. Always feed your plants, keep adding good loam or compost soil to your lawn and gardens and keep adding grass seed to your lawn. When a plant has had enough replace it with something new and native. YOUR CHOICES ARE ENDLESS. WITH A BIT OF SEARCHING ON THE INTERNET OR READING GARDENING BOOKS THERE IS SO MUCH ADVICE ABOUT WHAT TO DO TO KEEP YOUR LANDSCAPE HEALTHY WITHOUT THE USE OF PESTICIDES. YOU MAY BE SURPRISED BY WHAT YOU LEARN!!

6 without Pesticides WHAT IS CAUSING THE HOLES IN MY LAWN? Those hungry skunks, raccoons or birds are feeding on the white grub larvae while you are sleeping. In our area that is usually mid-may to mid-june and again from mid-august to mid -September. WHAT CAN I USE TO PREVENT THEM FROM LIVING IN MY LAWN? The only product that will not encourage grubs to your lawn is an endophytic grass seed. This is a type of fungus added to grass seed that repels grubs. Look for it at your local retailer or request it from your landscaper. Also when you overseed your lawn avoid grass seed mixes with high levels of Kentucky Blue grass. love this type. Use grass seed mixes with more Perennial Ryegrass and Fine Fescues. The Adult grub (a Beetle) is also attracted to the night lights we use in our landscape or the lights outside our door. Try to keep these turned off when the beetles are flying around so the female doesn t come to your property to lay her eggs. WHAT CAN I USE TO GET RID OF GRUBS? There is a non-pesticide parasitic nematode that will feed on the grubs, killing them. When you apply the nematodes to the lawn is important to controlling the grubs. The soil temperature must be 18 degrees Celsius. When you purchase nematodes they will come in a sponge. Add water according to the directions and thoroughly water into the soil in the early morning or early evening. Give your lawn a good watering to help the nematodes move into the soil area where the grubs are. They will dry out in the sun and they will not survive our winters, so they must be reapplied every spring. Local landscaping companies have access to these and can apply them as part of their cultural landscaping practices. ARE THERE DIFFERENT TYPES OF NEMATODES? Yes, but the most effective type is the Heterorhabditis genus (80% effective for control). The Steinernema spp. is less than 50% effective. WHAT ELSE CAN I DO TO KEEP MY LAWN HEALTHY SO I DON T HAVE TO BATTLE WITH THE GRUBS EVERY YEAR? There is nothing more invasive than grass. Keep your lawn thick to avoid any temptations for Adult beetles to burrow into the soil to lay eggs. Overseed your lawn at least once a year with a grass seed mixture not too high in Kentucky Blue grass. In our area the sod that is available is Kentucky Blue grass. If you use sod be prepared for a slower green-up in the spring (as Kentucky Blue likes the warm temperature) and make sure you overseed with Ryegrass, Fescue mixtures to build up their levels. Aerate your lawn at least once a year. These holes will allow air and water to get into the soil and roots of the grass, encouraging it to grow. Try not to aerate when the Adult beetle is flying around trying to lay eggs. Those holes in the lawn will look very tempting!! Aerate early spring and again in the fall. Fertilize your lawn with compost or organic fertilizers to keep the grass healthy. Applying too much nitrogen to your lawn will encourage the grass to grow short roots which the grubs love to feed on. Rake your lawn to remove the buildup of dead grass (called thatch). Too much thatch will prevent oxygen, water and nutrition from reaching the roots of the grass. This will result in weaker grass that is more susceptible to bugs, diseases and weeds. And turn those outside lights off when the Adult beetle is flying around looking for a place to lay her eggs!

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