1 State/National Statistics: Basic Epidemiology of Skin Cancer Presented by: Chris Johnson, MPH Epidemiologist, Cancer Data Registry of Idaho 4 th Annual Conference on Advancing Cancer Care Skin Cancer and Management of Treatment-Related Fatigue April 22-23, 2004 McCleary Center Saint Alphonsus Regional Medical Center
2 Outline Skin Skin Cancer SCC and BCC Melanoma Melanoma Risk Factors Incidence Stage Survival Mortality Lifetime Risks Prevention
3 The skin is the body s largest organ. It protects against heat, sunlight, injury, and infection. It helps regulate body temperature, stores water and fat, and produces vitamin D. The skin has two main layers: the outer epidermis and the inner dermis. The Skin
4 The Skin The epidermis is mostly made up of flat, scalelike cells called squamous cells. Round cells called basal cells lie under the squamous cells in the epidermis. The lower part of the epidermis also contains melanocytes. Melanocytes produce melanin, the pigment that gives skin its natural color. When skin is exposed to the sun, melanocytes produce more pigment, causing the skin to tan, or darken.
5 Skin Cancer Cancer may develop in any of the cell types: Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC) Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC) Melanoma Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States.
6 Squamous and Basal Cell Carcinomas The American Cancer Society estimates that approximately 1.3 million new cases of basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas will be detected this year. This is roughly equivalent to the total of all other cancer sites. Death rates from basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas are low. When detected early, approximately 95% of these carcinomas can be cured. However, these cancers can cause considerable damage and disfigurement if they are untreated. Basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas are more than 10 times as common as melanoma but account for less morbidity and mortality. SCC may account for 20% of all deaths from skin cancer. SCC and BCC are not reportable to CDRI unless regional or distant stage or on a mucous membrane. There were 11 reportable SCC and BCC skin cases in We do not know how many total cases of SCC and BCC there are per year in Idaho, but estimate it to be over 5,000.
7 Melanoma Melanoma occurs when melanocytes (pigment cells) become malignant. Most melanocyte cells are in the skin; when melanoma starts in the skin, the disease is called cutaneous melanoma. Melanoma may also occur in the eye (ocular melanoma or intraocular melanoma). Rarely, melanoma may arise in the meninges, the digestive tract, lymph nodes, or other areas where melanocytes are found. Skin melanoma usually begins in a mole. It can occur on any skin surface. In men, melanoma is often found on the trunk or the head and neck. In women, it often develops on the lower legs.
8 Melanoma of the Skin Melanoma is one of the most common cancers and the most serious type of cancer of the skin. The American Cancer Society estimates that about 54,200 new cases of malignant melanoma will be diagnosed this year, and 7,600 will die from the disease in the US. In some parts of the world, especially among Western countries, melanoma incidence is on the rise. In the United States, melanoma incidence has more than doubled in the past 30 years. All in situ and invasive melanoma cases are reportable to CDRI.
9 Risk Factors Light skin color, hair color, or eye color. Family history of skin cancer. Personal history of skin cancer. Chronic exposure to the sun. History of sunburns early in life. Certain types of moles, or a large number of moles. Freckles, which indicate sun sensitivity and sun damage.
10 Ultraviolet Radiation
11 UV Radiation Wavelengths Ultraviolet radiation (or UV radiation) Electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths between 100 and 400 nanometers. These rays are emitted from the sun and are not visible. They inflict increasingly more damage upon a recipient as the wavelength decreases. Based on its effects, UV radiation is subdivided into three wavelength ranges named UV-A, UV-B and UV-C: UV-A covers the wavelength range nm. UV-A is not absorbed by the ozone layer and is the least harmful UV radiation (tanning beds). UV-B covers the wavelength range nm. UV-B is more energetic than UV-A, and is partially absorbed by the ozone layer. UV-B rays that are not filtered out cause sunburn and other harmful effects to humans. UV-C covers the wavelength range nm. UV-C is the most dangerous form of UV radiation, but is completely absorbed by the ozone layer. Artificial UV-C (for example emitted by electric discharges) is a threat for certain occupational group, like welders.
12 UV Exposure More than 90% of skin cancers in the US are attributed to UV-B exposure. Other causes of skin cancer include arsenic, other chemical exposures. Human exposure to UV-B depends upon an individual's location (latitude and altitude) the duration and timing of outdoor activities (time of day, season of the year = angle of the sun) and precautionary behavior (use of sunscreen, sunglasses, or protective clothing).
13 UV Exposure
14 Ozone Layer Depletion Is ozone loss to blame for the melanoma upsurge in the US and Europe? Unlikely: UV-B has not yet increased much in the US and Europe Melanoma takes years to develop. There hasn't been enough time for ozone depletion to play a significant role. Current and future increases in UV radiation exposure due to ozone depletion will exacerbate the trend toward higher incidence of melanoma.
15 UV-B Exposure - Sunburn 32% of U.S. adults report having had a sunburn in the past year Parents or caregivers reported that 72% of adolescents aged years have had at least one sunburn, and 43% of white children aged <11 years experienced a sunburn in the past year.
16 Sunburn Percentage of Adults who had a Sunburn in Last 12 Months 2003 Idaho BRFSS Percent Percent 0 Statewide HD 1 HD 2 HD 3 HD 4 HD 5 HD 6 HD 7 (Preliminary Data)
17 Sunburn Percentage of Adults who had a Sunburn in Last 12 Months 2003 Idaho BRFSS Percent Percent (Preliminary Data)
18 Synopsis of Melanoma in Idaho In 2002, there were 263 invasive cases of melanoma and 41 melanoma deaths among Idaho residents. Melanoma is the 5th most common cancer in Idaho in terms of incidence and 15th most common cause of cancer death.
19 Melanoma Incidence 2002 Geography Rate Count Population Health District ,327 Health District ,799 Health District ,719 Health District ,761 Health District ,289 Health District ,040 Health District ,196 State of Idaho ,341,131 SEER Whites ,366 20,536,218 SEER All Races ,591 26,723,142 Rates are per 100,000 and age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. (18 age groups) standard.
20 Top 10 Cancer Incidence - Males Prostate Lung and Bronchus Colorectal Melanoma of the Skin Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma SEER 2000 Bladder Idaho 2002 Kidney and Renal Pelvis Leukemia Pancreas Oral Cavity and Pharynx Age-Adjusted Rate per 100,000
21 Top 10 Cancer Incidence -Females Breast Lung and Bronchus Colorectal Endometrium Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Melanoma of the Skin Thyroid Leukemia Ovary Kidney and Renal Pelvis SEER 2000 Idaho Age-Adjusted Rate per 100,000
22 Incidence Melanoma of the Skin Incidence, Males American Indian/ Alaska Native Idaho SEER Asian or Pacific Islander Idaho SEER Non- Hispanic White Hispanic Black Idaho SEER Idaho SEER Idaho SEER Age-Adjusted Rate Per 100,000
23 Incidence Melanoma of the Skin Incidence, Females American Indian/ Alaska Native Idaho SEER Asian or Pacific Islander Idaho SEER Non- Hispanic White Hispanic Black Idaho SEER Idaho SEER Idaho SEER Age-Adjusted Rate Per 100,000
24 Incidence by Age Melanoma of the Skin Incidence, Age-specific Rates Idaho Male SEER White Male Idaho Fem ale SEER White Fe m ale Rate per 100,000 person-years Age Group (in years)
25 Incidence 2000 White Males
26 Incidence 2000 White Females
28 Incidence Trends Year Idaho SEER Age-Adjusted Rates
29 Trends Some experts say the rise in incidence reflects a true increase in the disease, while others contend it is an artifact of more intensive recent surveillance. Some experts suggest that the rise in melanoma incidence may in part reflect longer life expectancy as well as efforts to detect melanoma earlier. The incidence of thin invasive lesions is increasing faster than that of thick ones, which reflects earlier detection by physicians and greater public awareness of warning signs of skin cancer. The incidence and mortality rates of melanoma have increased during the past several decades in the United States. Among the reasons for these trends, increased exposure to UV radiation as a result of lifestyle changes is generally recognized as an important factor.
30 SEER Summary Staging 2000 Cancer staging is the process of describing the extent of the disease or the spread of the cancer from the site of origin. In situ noninvasive; basement membrane of epidermis is intact (Clark s level I) Localized papillary/reticular dermis invaded (Clark s level II-IV) Regional subcutaneous tissue invaded (Clark s level V), satellite nodules <= 2 cm from primary tumor, regional lymph nodes involved Distant extension to underlying cartilage, bone, skeletal muscle, metastasis to skin or subcutaneous tissue beyond regional lymph nodes or visceral metastasis
31 Incident Cases by Stage Melanoma Cases by Stage 100% 90% 80% Percent of Total Cases 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 3, Unstaged Distant Regional Localized 20% 10% 0% SEER 2000 Idaho 01-02
32 Melanoma Trends by SEER Summary Stage In situ Idaho Localized Idaho Regional Idaho Distant Idaho In situ SEER Localized SEER Regional SEER Distant SEER Age-Adjusted Incidence Rates
33 Cancer Survival 5-Year Relative Cancer Survival, Idaho Cases Site % Survival Site % Survival Thyroid 96% Colon 60% Prostate 94% Kidney and Renal Pelvis 60% Testis 91% Non Hodgkins Lymphoma 57% Breast 86% Leukemia 46% Melanoma of the Skin 85% Ovary 42% Endometrium 84% Brain 29% Hodgkins Lymphoma 79% Multiple Myeloma 28% Oral Cavity and Pharynx 68% Stomach 20% Larynx 65% Lung and Bronchus 12% Cervix 65% Esophagus 10% Rectum & Rectosigmoid 63% Liver 8% Bladder 62% Pancreas 4%
35 Melanoma Mortality 2002 Geography Rate Count Population Health District ,327 Health District ,799 Health District ,801 Health District ,761 Health District ,289 Health District ,040 Health District ,196 State of Idaho ,341,131 US Whites , ,019,590 US All Races , ,421,906 Rates are per 100,000 and age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. (18 age groups) standard.
36 Leading Causes of Mortality and Melanoma - Males All Causes of Death Diseases of Heart All Malignant Cancers Other Cause of Death Accidents and Adverse Effects Cerebrovascular Diseases Lung Cancer COPD Prostate Cancer Diabetes Mellitus Suicide Melanoma of the Skin ,058.3 Idaho 2002 US , ,200.0 Age-Adjusted Rate per 100,000
37 Leading Causes of Mortality and Melanoma - Females All Causes of Death Diseases of Heart All Malignant Cancers Other Cause of Death Cerebrovascular Diseases COPD Lung Cancer Accidents and Adverse Effects Alzheimers Breast Cancer Diabetes Mellitus Melanoma of the Skin Idaho 2002 US Age-Adjusted Rate per 100,000
38 Patterns in Melanoma Mortality Melanoma mortality in the US reflects the relationship between UV radiation levels in each geographic region, the sunprotection behaviors of each generation of males and females in each age group, the geographic mobility of the population, and risk awareness and early detection.
39 Mortality White Males
40 Mortality White Females
41 Mortality Trends Year Idaho US Age-Adjusted Rates
42 Risks of Developing and Dying from Melanoma Melanoma in Males If your Then your risk of developing melanoma by a particular age is: current age is: 30 By age 40 1 in 758 By age 50 1 in 287 By age 60 1 in 135 By age 70 1 in 77 By age 80 1 in 56 Ever 1 in in in in 84 1 in 60 1 in in in in 66 1 in in in 85 1 in in in in 130* If your Then your risk of dying from melanoma by a particular age is: current age is: 30 By age 40 1 in 5272 By age 50 1 in 1674 By age 60 1 in 894 By age 70 1 in 440 By age 80 1 in 285 Ever 1 in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in 451* Note: * Risks are not precise - best estimates are shown.
43 Risks of Developing and Dying from Melanoma Melanoma in Females If your Then your risk of developing melanoma by a particular age is: current age is: 30 By age 40 1 in 716 By age 50 1 in 296 By age 60 1 in 174 By age 70 1 in 113 By age 80 1 in 84 Ever 1 in in in in in 94 1 in in in in in in in in in in in 219* If your Then your risk of dying from melanoma by a particular age is: current age is: 30 By age 40 1 in By age 50 1 in 7968 By age 60 1 in 2551 By age 70 1 in 1517 By age 80 1 in 740 Ever 1 in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in 948* Note: * Risks are not precise - best estimates are shown.
44 Prevention of Melanoma Primary Prevention Avoiding the disease in the first place Secondary Prevention Screening Early diagnosis and treatment
45 HP 2010 Objectives Objective 3-9: Increase to 75% the proportion of persons who use at least one of the following protective measures that may reduce the risk of skin cancer: avoid the sun between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. wear sun-protective clothing when exposed to sunlight use sunscreen with a sun-protection factor (SPF) of 15 or higher and avoid artificial sources of ultraviolet light Objective 3-8: Reduce melanoma deaths to 2.5 per 100,000 population
46 Primary Prevention Skin cancer is largely preventable when sun protection measures against UV rays are used consistently. Preventing sunburn, especially in childhood, may reduce the lifetime risk for melanoma. Recommendations: Avoid exposure to the midday sun (from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.) whenever possible. When your shadow is shorter than you are, remember to protect yourself from the sun. If you must be outside, wear long sleeves, long pants, and a hat with a wide brim. Protect yourself from UV radiation that can penetrate light clothing, windshields, and windows. Protect yourself from UV radiation reflected by sand, water, snow, and ice.
47 Primary Prevention Only one third of adults reported that they use sunscreen, seek shade, or wear protective clothing when out in the sun. Adolescents aged years were found to routinely practice sun-protective behaviors slightly less than adults (using sunscreen (31%), seeking shade (22%), and wearing long pants (21%). Among children aged <11 years, sunscreen use (62%) and shade seeking (26.5%) were the most frequently reported sun-protective behaviors. Young people have moderate to high awareness of skin cancer but are unaware of the connection between severe sunburns and skin cancer; sunburns, although considered painful and embarrassing, are not perceived as a health threat.
48 Findings of the Task Force on Community Preventive Services on Reducing Exposure to Ultraviolet Light The Task Force recommends two interventions: educational and policy approaches in primary schools --- changing children's covering-up behavior (wearing protective clothing); and educational and policy approaches in recreational or tourism settings --- changing adults' covering-up behaviors. The recommended interventions had small to moderate behavior change scores in studies: In primary schools, the median net relative increase was 25% (interquartile range: 1%--40%, six studies). In recreational settings, the median net relative increase was 11.2% (interquartile range: 5.1%--12.9%, five studies).
49 Sunscreen Sunscreen's role in preventing skin cancer has been demonstrated to be complex. Using sunscreen has been shown to prevent squamous cell skin cancer. Sunscreens that block both ultraviolet A (UV-A) and ultraviolet B (UV-B) light may be more effective in preventing squamous cell cancer and its precursors than those that block only UV-B light. The evidence for the effect of sunscreen use in preventing melanoma, however, is mixed. The conflicting results may reflect the fact that sunscreen use is more common among fair-skinned people, who are at higher risk for melanoma; or, this finding may reflect the fact that sunscreen use could be harmful if it encourages longer stays in the sun without protecting completely against cancer-causing radiation.
50 Secondary Prevention Self Skin Examinations Medical Skin Examinations
51 Signs and Symptoms: ABCD Asymmetry Border Color Diameter
52 Cost-Effectiveness of Screening for Malignant Melanoma Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. 41(5, Part 1): , November The cost-effectiveness ratio for a screening program of adults older than age 20 who were at high risk for skin cancer was about $30,000 per year of life saved. This is reasonably cost-effective compared with other accepted cancer screening strategies.
53 National Melanoma/Skin Cancer Detection and Prevention Month May is National Melanoma/Skin Cancer Detection and Prevention Month. This month is dedicated to increasing public awareness of the importance of skin cancer prevention, early detection, and treatment, including basal cell, squamous cell, and melanoma.
May Is National Melanoma/Skin Cancer Detection and Prevention Month What is Melanoma? Melanoma is a type of skin cancer. It begins in the cells of the skin called melanocytes. To understand melanoma, it
Speakers Bureau Series EYELID SKIN CANCER By Leslie M Sims, MSPH, MD, FAAO Board Certified Ophthalmologist The Sims Center for Eyelid and Facial Aesthetics 1 Most Common Eyelid Skin Cancers: Basal Cell
Epidemiology of Cancer in Department of Public Health Revised April 212 Introduction The general public is very concerned about cancer in the community. Many residents believe that cancer rates are high
Skin Cancer: The Facts Slide content provided by Loraine Marrett, Senior Epidemiologist, Division of Preventive Oncology, Cancer Care Ontario. Types of skin Cancer Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) most common
Chapter I Overview Chapter Contents Table Number Contents I-1 Estimated New Cancer Cases and Deaths for 2005 I-2 53-Year Trends in US Cancer Death Rates I-3 Summary of Changes in Cancer Incidence and Mortality
Sinclair Community College, Division of Allied Health Technologies Health Promotion for Community Health Workers Cardiovascular disease, stroke, and cancer Class #12 Colorectal, skin, and prostate cancer
Non-Hodgkin s Lymphoma Figure 17 Definition: Non-Hodgkin s Lymphoma (NHL) starts in cells called lymphocytes. 1 These cells reside in lymph nodes and lymphoid tissues that are part of the immune system.
Cancer in Scotland April 2014 First published in June 2004, revised with each National Statistics publication Next due for revision October 2014 Information Services Division NHS National Services Scotland
Ovarian Cancer in Georgia, 1999-23 Georgia Department of Human Resources Division of Public Health Acknowledgments Georgia Department of Human Resources......B. J. Walker, Commissioner Division of Public
Investigating Community Cancer Concerns--Deer Park Community Advisory Council, 2008 David R. Risser, M.P.H., Ph.D. David.Risser@dshs.state.tx.us Epidemiologist Cancer Epidemiology and Surveillance Branch
MELANOMA IN SITU What are the aims of this leaflet? This leaflet has been written to help you understand more about melanoma in situ. It will tell you what it is, what causes it, what can be done about
Introduction There are more than one hundred types of cancer. All the kinds of cancer begin in our cells. Normal cells grow and multiply and then die. Cancer cells grow and multiply and keep growing and
Melissa O Neill, O MS, APRN Nurse Practitioner, Dermatology Three Types of Skin Cancer > Basal Cell Carcinoma > Squamous Cell Carcinoma > Malignant Melanoma Basal Cell Carcinoma > Most common skin cancer
Cancer in Northeastern Pennsylvania: Incidence and Mortality of Common Cancers Samuel M. Lesko, MD, MPH Medical Director Karen Ryczak, RN Surveillance Coordinator November 2015 334 Jefferson Avenue, Scranton,
about Why You Should Know Melanoma Why You Should Know about Melanoma Each year, more than 3 million Americans are diagnosed with skin cancer. This is the most common form of cancer. Of these, more than
a program that radiates good ideas www.epa.gov/sunwise U.S. Environmental Protection Agency 1 Be 2 What do you know about the Sun? 3 Helpful and Harmful Effects of the Sun Helpful Keeps Us Warm Helps Plants
SKIN CANCER Cory A. Dunnick, M.D. University of Colorado Denver Objectives Know how to recognize skin cancer Basal cell carcinoma Squamous cell carcinoma Melanoma Learn the risk factors for skin cancer
Table A: Leading Causes of Death* by Age Group All Ages 1 Cancer 19,309 2 Diseases of the heart 18,467 3 Chronic lower respiratory diseases 5,221 4 Cerebrovascular disease 5,028 5 Alzheimer's disease 3,803
This melanoma patient brochure is designed to help educate melanoma patients and their caregivers. It was developed under the guidance of Dr. Michael Smylie, Professor, Department of Oncology, University
Cancer in Peachtree City A Special Report by the Georgia Comprehensive Cancer Registry Georgia Department of Human Resources Division of Public Health Acknowledgments The authors of this report would like
Testicular Cancer Figure 23 Definition: Testicular cancer usually develops in one or both testicles in young men. This cancer is highly treatable and usually curable. 1 Background: From 2002 to 2006, there
Slide 1 Skin Cancer American Cancer Society Reviewed February 2016 Slide 2 What we ll be talking about How common is skin cancer? What is skin cancer? The 2 main types of skin cancer Causes of skin cancer
Skin Cancer Risks in Transplant Recipients: Know the Facts What is skin cancer? The skin is the body s largest organ. It protects against heat, sunlight, injury and infection, controls body temperature
Thyroid Cancer Figure 24 Definition: Thyroid cancer starts in the thyroid gland. 1 The thyroid is made up of two main types of cells, thyroid follicular cells and parafollicular cells. 1 Different types
Cancers All Types Cancer was the leading cause of death in Contra Costa. The most commonly diagnosed cancers in the county were prostate, breast, lung and colorectal cancer. Lung, colorectal, breast and
Esophageal Cancers Figure 8 Definition: The esophagus connects the throat to the stomach by way of a hollow, muscular tube. 1 Cancers of the esophagus start in the inner mucosa layer and spread outward
Cancer in 2013: Annual report of the National Cancer Registry ABBREVIATIONS Acronyms 95% CI 95% confidence interval APC Annual percentage change ASR Age standardised rate (European standard population)
Corpus Uterus Cancer Figure 7 Definition: The uterus is a hollow organ in the pelvis of females. 1 There are three parts: the top is called the fundus, the middle is called the corpus, and the bottom part
Staying Safe from Skin Cancer Types of Skin Cancer Actinic Keratosis Rough, red or pink scaly patches on sun-exposed areas of the skin Basal Cell Carcinoma Raised, pink, waxy bumps that may bleed following
NEW YORK STATE DEPARTMENT OF LABOR DIVISION OF SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY TIPS FOR COMPLYING WITH THE NEW YORK STATE SUN SAFETY LAW What is the New York State Public Employee Sun Safety Law? The New York
Basal Cell and Squamous Cell Carcinoma Dori Goldberg, MD Umass Medical School Division of Dermatology Basal and squamous cell carcinoma Definition The most common types of skin cancer Excluding melanoma,
Saint Louis University Cancer Center SKIN CANCER Saint Louis University Cancer Center 3655 Vista Avenue St. Louis, Missouri 63110-2539 (314) 268-7015 or (866) 977-4440 cancercenter.slu.edu www.slucare.com
Washoe County Chronic Disease Report Card A Summary Report of Chronic Health Conditions and their Primary Risk Factors July 2014 Table of Contents Note from the District Health Officer...4 Introduction...5
Little Things. Big Difference. An Independent Licensee of the Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association. Monthly Health Challenge Protect Your Skin in the Sun CHALLEngE Protect your skin from too much sun
SKIN CANCER RISKS FOR TRANSPLANT RECIPIENTS Know the Facts What is skin cancer? The skin is the body s largest organ. It protects against heat, sunlight, injury and infection, controls body temperature
David Feltl, M.D., Ph.D., MBA Structure and organization of cancer care in the Czech Republic. Assessment of outputs and outcomes. Contents Cancer epidemiology in the Czech Republic National oncology program
CANCER IN CALIFORNIA A N OV E R V I E W O F CA L I FO R N I A S RECENT CA N C E R I N C I D E N C E A N D M O R TA L I T Y 1988-2009 STAT I S T I CS Searching for Causes & Cures KEN MADDY CALIFORNIA CANCER
An Introduction to Cancer and Basic Cancer Vocabulary Marc B. Garnick, MD Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center Harvard Medical School, Boston Medical Director Cancer Programs Northeast Hospital Corporation,
And into the Shade Sun Safety Tips Elaney Wood Heritage Farmers Market Greene County Tami Olive Thompson NC Agromedicine Institute February 23, 2013 Image courtesy of smarnad/freedigitalphotos.net Understanding
P F I Z E R F A C T S The Burden of Cancer in American Adults p p Front cover photo credit of lung x-ray: Swanson and Jett, Lung Cancer. Atlas of Cancer, Philadelphia: Current Medicine; 2003. Almost 11
Page 1 of 5 Prevention Checklist for Men Great progress has been made in cancer research, but we still don t understand exactly what causes most cancers. We do know that many factors put us at higher risk
Melanoma Information for you, your family, whänau and friends Published by the New Zealand Guidelines Group Contents About melanoma 1 What is melanoma? 2 What causes melanoma? 3 How can melanoma be prevented?
O B S E R V A T O R Y S O U T H W E S T P U B L I C H E A L T H Healthier behaviour outcome: Skin Cancer Awareness and Early Diagnosis This information sheet provides your school with suggestions to support
TO INVESTIGATE THE PROTECTION OF SUNCREAMS AGAINST UV RAYS Aim: Our aim for this project is to collect data on the effectiveness of different sunscreens against UVA and UVB light, a) In natural sunlight
Produced 2010 Next revision due 2012 Sun safety If you have been treated with radiotherapy or chemotherapy for Hodgkin lymphoma or non-hodgkin lymphoma you should always be careful in the sun. However,
What happens at the clinic? On arrival you will fill out a short questionnaire which includes previous skin cancer diagnosis and treatment, family history and other relevant medical history. The doctor
BOWEN S DISEASE (SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA IN SITU) What are the aims of this leaflet? This leaflet has been written to help you understand more about squamous cell carcinoma in situ (Bowen s disease). It
Cancer is a group of more than 100 related diseases. Normally, cells grow and divide to produce more cells to keep the body healthy. Sometimes, this process goes wrong. New cells form when the body doesn
SUNLIGHT AND YOUR EYES EVERYDAY STEPS TO SUN SAFETY Content provided by: www.skincancer.org Medical Reviewer: Réne S. Rodriguéz-Sains, MD The Skin Cancer Foundation 149 Madison Ave., Suite 901, New York,
National Institute on Aging AgePage Skin Care And Aging Cynthia had always been proud of her skin, especially her summer tan. But as she grew older, she saw she was getting more fine lines and wrinkles.
Ultraviolet (UV) Radiation Safety April 2005 Compiled by Myung Chul Jo Environmental Health and Safety University of Nevada Reno Page 1 of 8 Table of Contents 1. UVRadiation 3 2. Common sources of UV radiation
North America Canada Canadian 1951 Schmidt & Popham (1981) 1951 70 9 889 alcoholic men, aged 15 years, admitted to the clinical service of the Addiction Research Foundation of Ontario between Death records
CANCER SURVIVAL IN QUEENSLAND, 2 Danny Youlden Michael Coory Health Information Branch Queensland Health 147-163 Charlotte Street Brisbane QLD Postal Address: GPO Box 48 Brisbane QLD 1 AUSTRALIA Telephone:
You ve protected your family s financial future by purchasing life and health insurance. Critical Illness Insurance It s cash when you need it. You choose how to spend it. So you can focus on getting well.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Common Oral Lesions Causing Pain John D. McDowell, DDS, MS University of Colorado School of Dentistry Chair, Oral Diagnosis, Medicine and Radiology Director, Oral Medicine and
Underwriting cancer In this issue of the Decision, we provide an overview of Canadian cancer statistics and the information we use to make an underwriting decision. The next few issues will deal with specific
MELANOMA Dr Brian Walther, MD Introduction Malignant melanoma (MM) is a life-threatening skin cancer that arises from melanocytes, which are the pigment-producing cells within the skin. Although melanoma
The effect of the introduction of ICD-10 on cancer mortality trends in Anita Brock, Clare Griffiths and Cleo Rooney, Offi ce for INTRODUCTION From January 2001 deaths in have been coded to the Tenth Revision
LifeProtect Cancer Cover For Intermediary Use Only There are few families in Ireland that have been unaffected by cancer. In fact, 1 in 3 men and 1 in 4 women in Ireland* will suffer from cancer at some
VIDEO CONTEST 2016 There s No Such Thing as a Safe Tan! TABLE OF CONTENTS Contest Information 3 Examples of Public Service Announcements 4 Background Information 4 Contact Information 6 Submission Form
You ve protected your family s financial future by purchasing life and health insurance. Critical Illness Supplemental Insurance It s cash when you need it. You choose how to spend it. So you can focus
CANCER FACTS N a t i o n a l C a n c e r I n s t i t u t e N a t i o n a l I n s t i t u t e s o f H e a l t h D e p a r t m e n t o f H e a l t h a n d H u m a n S e r v i c e s Metastatic Cancer: Questions
CA CANCER J CLIN 2013;63:11 30 Cancer Statistics, 2013 Rebecca Siegel, MPH 1 ; Deepa Naishadham, MA, MS 2 ; Ahmedin Jemal, DVM, PhD 3 Each year, the American Cancer Society estimates the numbers of new
cancers linked to the development of second cancers No matter what type of cancer is treated, treatments such as radiation and chemotherapy can lead to a second cancer in the long run. Because it can take
An analysis of cancer risk experienced by fire fighters who were trained at Fiskville Background Cancer Council Victoria was commissioned by CFA to perform an analysis of cancer risk for Country Fire Authority
Malignant Melanoma Exceptional healthcare, personally delivered What is malignant melanoma?. Malignant melanoma is a form of skin cancer which can start in a pre-existing mole or normal looking skin. What
Section 8» Incidence, Mortality, Survival and Prevalence 8.1. Description of Statistics Reported This section focuses on the regional distribution of cancer with data derived from the BC Cancer Registry
Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit, Health Intelligence Division, Public Health Wales Iechyd Cyhoeddus Cymru Public Health Wales Am y fersiwn Gymraeg ewch i Cancer in Wales A summary report
Cancer Survival in New Jersey 1979-2005 Cancer Epidemiology Services Public Health Services Branch New Jersey Department of Health Chris Chris e, Governor Kim Guadagno, Lt. Governor Mary E. O Dowd, MPH
New York State Department of Health Tanning Facilities Program 2013 Tanning Facilities a public health regulatory program presented by the Bureau of Community Environmental Health and Food Protection Empire
Title: Vitamin D Author: Kerry Lynn Kuffenkam Date: 4-29-09 Key words: Vitamin D Production, Vitamin D Deficiency, and Vitamin D Treatment Abstract: Since the term Vitamin D contains the word vitamin most
DELRAY MEDICAL CENTER Cancer Program Annual Report Cancer Statistical Data From 2010 TABLE OF CONTENTS Chairman s Report....3 Tumor Registry Statistical Report Summary...4-11 Lung Study.12-17 Definitions
Ultraviolet (UV) Radiation and Cancer Risk What is UV radiation? Radiation is the emission (sending out) of energy from any source. There are many types of radiation. Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is a form
Neoplasms (C00-D49) March 2014 2014 MVP Health Care, Inc. CHAPTER SPECIFIC CATEGORY CODE BLOCKS C00-C14 Malignant neoplasms of lip, oral cavity and pharynx C15-C26 Malignant neoplasms of digestive organs
Cancer in Western Australia: Incidence and mortality 2003 and Mesothelioma 1960-2003 A report of the Western Australian Cancer Registry Health Data Collections, Information Collection and Management Department
Human Body Systems Body Organization and Homeostasis Objectives Describe how the human body is organized Explain homeostasis Organization of the Body Every cell in the human body is both an independent
C a nc e r C e nter Annual Registry Report 214 214 Cancer Registry Report Larraine A. Tooker, CTR Please note that the 214 Cancer Registry Annual Report is created in 214, but it reflects data on cases
Introduction: New Hampshire Childhood Cancer New Hampshire, Childhood Cancer, January 2009 Issue Brief Cancer in children is relatively uncommon, impacting fewer than twenty two of every 100,000 children
The Truth About Tanning: What You Need to Know to Protect Your Skin Lesson Plan for Grades 10-12 Adaptable for Grades 6-9 Note: This lesson plan is intended to be used as a guide in planning a classroom
Obesity and Cancer in Iowa Facts & Figures Two-thirds of adult Iowans are either overweight or obese 18% 28% 32% Percentage increase in the number of Iowans who were overweight and obese between 1998 and
Anatomical distribution of sites of malignant melanoma including non-sun exposed sites - incidence and trend Skin SSCRG January 212 Aims and objectives To update the trends in anatomical distribution of
Cancer Facts & Figures for African Americans 213-214 Contents Cancer Statistics 1 Selected Cancers 1 Cancer Prevention & Early Detection 14 Screening Guidelines for the Early Detection of Cancer in Average-risk
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.