Outline and Learning Objectives. Dry Eye Focus on the Lipid Layer. Joe Barr, OD, MS, FAAO, FBCLA. Tear Osmolarity Mucs Lipid Layer

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1 Outline and Learning Objectives Dry Eye Focus on the Lipid Layer Joe Barr, OD, MS, FAAO, FBCLA Tear Structure and Function 2015 Current understanding of structure, function and dry eye variables Tear Osmolarity Mucs Lipid Layer The International Workshop on Meibomian Gland Dysfunction: IOVS March 2011 Meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) is a chronic, diffuse abnormality of the meibomian glands, commonly characterized by terminal duct obstruction and/or qualitative/quantitative changes in the glandular secretion. It may result in alteration of the tear film, symptoms of eye irritation, clinically apparent inflammation, and ocular surface disease. MGD Differential Diagnosis Blepharitis Demodex Symptoms Signs The International Workshop on Meibomian Gland Dysfunction: IOVS March 2011 To the best of our knowledge, there has been no attempt to determine whether ocular surface and/or eyelid symptoms can differentiate between cases of anterior blepharitis or aqueous-deficient dry eye disease and cases of MGD. Nor has the extent to which these conditions occur together, or whether they are separate entities, been well documented. Population based studies estimate (MGD) prevalence from 3.5% to nearly 70% of the population

2 MGD - Korb Nov million people in the US and 300 million people worldwide suffer from dry eye disease Contends that millions of these individuals are incorrectly diagnosed with dry eye and that 86% of those diagnosed actually suffer from Meibomian Gland Dysfunction Shimazaki et al. Ophthalmology Aug;105(8): Meibomian gland dysfunction in patients with Sjögren syndrome Destruction of meibomian glands and an increase in tear evaporation often are associated with changes in the ocular surface in patients with SS. Severe ocular surface changes in patients with SS may be attributed, in part, to the meibomian gland dysfunction Sjögren syndrome Diagnosis Testing for Osmolarity testing and controversy Like blood, it is not a steady state Pros and cons, sensitivity and specificity and perils of testing Lessons on the complexity of the dynamic tear film TFOS International Workshop on Contact Lens Discomfort- The TFOS International Workshop on Contact Lens Discomfort: IOVS October 2013 Differential Dx of Contact Lens Discomfort Materials Solution Stop lens wear, Manage Eye and Ocular Surface, Restart

3 OSDI and SPEED Dry eye Questionnaires Meibomography and meibum descriptions Meiboscale Grade/ Area of loss 1 25% or less % % 4 > 75% Meibum Types 3, Clear 2, Colored 1, Semi-solid 1, Inspissated 0, Blocked 0, Atrophy Dry Eye & MGD My story Teen age rosacea and periodic hordeolums and chalazions, Gritty, gummy, blurred vision symptoms X last 10 years Driving long hours X 7 years worsened symptoms Treated at OSU doxycycline, hot compresses, lid scrubs, Self treated with Zylet (OFF LABEL) Omega 3 fa I love salmon, nuts and seeds May 2014 lid margin debridement substantial improvement November 2014 Lipi Flow after debridement and follow up tx with Azasite, Omega 3s, Restasis, lid scrubs and Avenova Use of OTC drops down to ~4/week, less blurring, less symptoms LipiFlow Description Options Need for comprehensive ongoing care

4 LipiView measuring LLT and blink rate and partial blinks Ewen King-Smith Lipid Layer Thickness Interference Instrument Viewing the lipid layer Pre- blink Immediate Post Blink Patient Compliance Steve Martin (not the actor) and Reciprocity Persuasion and transferring authority to staff If they like you they will comply Educate, re-educate, etc. Seek to understand and simplify

5 Learning Objectives for Dry Eye Focus on the Lipid Layer Describe 3 differences between classical and current structure and function of the tear film Describe the epidemiology of MGD and Sjogrens disease related dry eye Describe the differential diagnosis of MGD and of Contact Lens Related Dryness Symptoms Does contact lens wear cause MGD explain Describe the OSDI and SPEED questionnaires Describe at least two instruments for diagnosing MGD Describe meibum classification Describe the following treatment for Dry Eye Debridement Gland expression Lip physical therapy and medical treatment Diet Blinking training OTC eye drops, similarities and differences

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