Thyroid Eye Disease. A Patient s Guide

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Thyroid Eye Disease. A Patient s Guide"

Transcription

1 Sashank Prasad, MD A Patient s Guide Symptoms Diagnosis Treatment Prognosis

2 What are the symptoms of Thyroid Eye Disease? Patients with Thyroid Eye Disease (also called Graves Disease) develop bulging of the eyes and retraction of the eyelids. This causes increased exposure of the eye, leading to dryness, redness, irritation, and discomfort. Severe exposure can cause scarring and damage to the cornea, which is the clear covering of the eye. Patients with Thyroid Eye Disease also develop double vision because eye movements become limited and the eyes become misaligned. In severe cases of Thyroid Eye Disease, there can be visual loss from damage to the optic nerve (the cable connecting the eye to the brain). Symptoms causes: Dry eyes with redness and irritation Double vision Eye bulging Visual loss (uncommonly) What causes? is an autoimmune condition, which means that the body s immune system mistakenly targets its own tissues. The immune system s attack on the muscles that move the eye causes them to thicken and become stiff. As a result, these muscles cannot properly move the eye to all of its positions. In addition, these changes cause the eyeball to push forward and A simulation of what double vision may be like for a patient with the eyelids to pull backward. This bulging of the eyeball is called proptosis. In many (but not all) patients with Thyroid Eye Disease, this autoimmune process also affects the thyroid gland, causing it to function either too much or too little. Cigarette smoking increases the risk of developing Thyroid Eye Disease.

3 How is diagnosed? The doctor will diagnose based on symptoms and the results of the examination and diagnostic tests. The examination may show that the eye movements are limited because particular eye muscles are affected. In addition, the doctor will measure the amount of misalignment between the eyes. The amount of eye bulging is measured. It is important to check if there is any visual loss. Often the doctor will order an MRI or CT scan of the brain and orbits. In patients with, this test will show which muscles are affected and exclude other conditions. Finally, the doctor will check blood work, especially to see if there are thyroid abnormalities in addition to eye problems. Problems of the thyroid gland require the attention of an endocrinologist. Diagnosis ~ A patient with, who has bulging and misalignment of the eyes. The diagnosis of Thyroid Eye Disease usually depends on the following features: Symptoms Abnormalities on examination (including problems with eye movements and alignment) Diagnostic tests (including MRI and thyroid blood tests) The patient has severe difficulty looking up.

4 Treatment Three primary treatments for double vision caused by : Prisms Patching one eye Surgery to improve eye misalignment Other treatments sometimes used: Corticosteroids Radiation therapy A CT scan demonstrating thickened eye muscles (arrow) in What are the treatments for Thyroid Eye Disease? There are three main ways to treat the double vision that is caused by Thyroid Eye Disease. Prisms can be used with eyeglasses to try to reduce double vision. Patching one eye will eliminate double vision, but this is not a satisfactory solution for many patients. Finally, misalignment of the eyes can often be improved with surgery. In order to maximize the chance that surgery will successfully realign the eyes, typically the doctor will recommend waiting until the amount of misalignment has remained stable for approximately six months. It is important to use lubricating eye drops and ointments to prevent dryness and injury to the surface of the eye. Other medications have limited benefits in treating. A recent clinical study found that selenium (an anti-oxidant mineral) improved many symptoms when the condition was mild. Corticosteroids (such as Prednisone) can occasionally improve eye movements. However, for most patients there are no convincing longterm benefits from this medication. When necessary, an additional operation can be performed to relieve severe eye bulging by making more space in the orbit. In addition, surgery can be done to correct the position of the eyelid, which is an important aspect of keeping the eye properly lubricated. Radiation therapy is used when sight is threatened in severe cases of Thyroid Eye Disease. Visual loss can occur when the optic nerve (the cable that connects the eye to the brain) is compressed by swollen, thickened eye muscles.

5 What is the prognosis for patients with? The prognosis for patients with is quite variable. Some patients have a very mild course and do not require treatments other than eye lubrication. Other patients have eye misalignment causing double vision, and may ultimately require eye surgery. A minority of patients have an extremely severe form of this disease that can cause loss of vision, and they require urgent treatment with medications, radiation treatment, and/or surgery. ~ Where can I get more information on? For more information on, consider the following sources: North American Neuro- Ophthalmology Society index.cfm?pageid=3282 Prognosis The prognosis for patients is variable: In its mildest form patients may only need eye lubrication Some patients require eye surgery Few patients require urgent treatment including surgery or radiation therapy American Academy of Ophthalmology Eye Wiki Thyroid_Eye_Disease 2011 All rights reserved.

Thyroid Eye Disease. Anatomy: There are 6 muscles that move your eye.

Thyroid Eye Disease. Anatomy: There are 6 muscles that move your eye. Thyroid Eye Disease Your doctor thinks you have thyroid orbitopathy. This is an autoimmune condition where your body's immune system is producing factors that stimulate enlargement of the muscles that

More information

Thyroid Eye Disease (TED)

Thyroid Eye Disease (TED) Manchester Royal Eye Hospital Thyroid Eye Disease (TED) Information For Patients 2 What is Thyroid Eye Disease (TED)? The thyroid gland is located in the neck and produces a hormone that helps regulate

More information

Thyroid eye disease (TED)

Thyroid eye disease (TED) Thyroid eye disease (TED) Mr David H Verity, MD MA FRCOphth Consultant Ophthalmic Surgeon Synonyms: Graves ophthalmopathy, thyroid ophthalmopathy, thyroid associated ophthalmopathy This information leaflet

More information

Thyroid eye disease (TED) Synonyms: Graves ophthalmopathy, thyroid ophthalmopathy, thyroid associated ophthalmopathy

Thyroid eye disease (TED) Synonyms: Graves ophthalmopathy, thyroid ophthalmopathy, thyroid associated ophthalmopathy Thyroid eye disease (TED) Synonyms: Graves ophthalmopathy, thyroid ophthalmopathy, thyroid associated ophthalmopathy This information leaflet briefly covers the following issues in TED: What is TED? When

More information

sound or ringing in the ears.

sound or ringing in the ears. (Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension) Sashank Prasad, MD www.brighamandwomens.org/neuro-ophthalmology A Patient s Guide Symptoms Diagnosis Treatment Prognosis Symptoms The symptoms of include: Headaches

More information

Thyroid eye disease. An information guide

Thyroid eye disease. An information guide TO PROVIDE THE VERY BEST CARE FOR EACH PATIENT ON EVERY OCCASION Thyroid eye disease An information guide Thyroid eye disease What is thyroid eye disease? The thyroid gland is located in the neck and produces

More information

Thymus Cancer. This reference summary will help you better understand what thymus cancer is and what treatment options are available.

Thymus Cancer. This reference summary will help you better understand what thymus cancer is and what treatment options are available. Thymus Cancer Introduction Thymus cancer is a rare cancer. It starts in the small organ that lies in the upper chest under the breastbone. The thymus makes white blood cells that protect the body against

More information

Institute of Ophthalmology. Thyroid Eye Disease. aka Thyroid Associated Ophthalmopathy

Institute of Ophthalmology. Thyroid Eye Disease. aka Thyroid Associated Ophthalmopathy Institute of Ophthalmology Thyroid Eye Disease aka Thyroid Associated Ophthalmopathy Causes TED/TAO is an eye disease associated with disease of the thyroid gland Most commonly, it occurs with an overactive

More information

Anatomy: The sella is a depression in the sphenoid bone that makes up part of the skull base located behind the eye sockets.

Anatomy: The sella is a depression in the sphenoid bone that makes up part of the skull base located behind the eye sockets. Pituitary Tumor Your doctor thinks you may have a pituitary tumor. Pituitary tumors are benign (non-cancerous) overgrowth of cells that make up the pituitary gland (the master gland that regulates other

More information

There Are Millions of People at Risk For Dry Eye Who Is Likely to Develop This Irritating Condition?

There Are Millions of People at Risk For Dry Eye Who Is Likely to Develop This Irritating Condition? There Are Millions of People at Risk For Dry Eye Who Is Likely to Develop This Irritating Condition? Dry eye can be a temporary or chronic condition and occurs when the eye does not produce tears properly,

More information

Eye Diseases. 1995-2014, The Patient Education Institute, Inc. www.x-plain.com otf30101 Last reviewed: 05/21/2014 1

Eye Diseases. 1995-2014, The Patient Education Institute, Inc. www.x-plain.com otf30101 Last reviewed: 05/21/2014 1 Eye Diseases Introduction Some eye problems are minor and fleeting. But some lead to a permanent loss of vision. There are many diseases that can affect the eyes. The symptoms of eye diseases vary widely,

More information

Keeping Your Eyes Healthy after Treatment for Childhood Cancer

Keeping Your Eyes Healthy after Treatment for Childhood Cancer Keeping Your Eyes Healthy after Treatment for Childhood Cancer High doses of radiation to the brain, eye, or eye socket (orbit) during treatment for childhood cancer can have a long-lasting affect on the

More information

Blepharoplasty - Eyelid Surgery

Blepharoplasty - Eyelid Surgery Blepharoplasty - Eyelid Surgery Introduction Eyelid surgery repairs sagging or drooping eyelids. The surgery is also known as blepharoplasty, or an eyelid lift. Sagging or drooping eyelids happen naturally

More information

Mesothelioma. 1995-2013, The Patient Education Institute, Inc. www.x-plain.com ocft0101 Last reviewed: 03/21/2013 1

Mesothelioma. 1995-2013, The Patient Education Institute, Inc. www.x-plain.com ocft0101 Last reviewed: 03/21/2013 1 Mesothelioma Introduction Mesothelioma is a type of cancer. It starts in the tissue that lines your lungs, stomach, heart, and other organs. This tissue is called mesothelium. Most people who get this

More information

Goiter. This reference summary explains goiters. It covers symptoms and causes of the condition, as well as treatment options.

Goiter. This reference summary explains goiters. It covers symptoms and causes of the condition, as well as treatment options. Goiter Introduction The thyroid gland is located at the base of your neck. If the gland becomes abnormally enlarged, it is called a goiter. Goiters usually do not cause pain. But a large goiter could cause

More information

Optic Neuritis. The optic nerve fibers are coated with myelin to help them conduct the electrical signals back to your brain.

Optic Neuritis. The optic nerve fibers are coated with myelin to help them conduct the electrical signals back to your brain. Optic Neuritis Your doctor thinks that you have had an episode of optic neuritis. This is the most common cause of sudden visual loss in a young patient. It is often associated with discomfort in or around

More information

Vision Health: Conditions, Disorders & Treatments NEUROOPTHALMOLOGY

Vision Health: Conditions, Disorders & Treatments NEUROOPTHALMOLOGY Vision Health: Conditions, Disorders & Treatments NEUROOPTHALMOLOGY Neuroophthalmology focuses on conditions caused by brain or systemic abnormalities that result in visual disturbances, among other symptoms.

More information

Fourth Nerve Palsy (a.k.a. Superior Oblique Palsy)

Fourth Nerve Palsy (a.k.a. Superior Oblique Palsy) Hypertropia Hypertropia is a type of strabismus characterized by vertical misalignment of the eyes. Among the many causes of vertical strabismus, one of the most common is a fourth nerve palsy (also known

More information

Salivary Gland Disorders

Salivary Gland Disorders Salivary Gland Disorders Introduction Located in your mouth and throat, the salivary glands make saliva. Saliva is the watery fluid in the mouth. There are many problems that can affect the salivary glands.

More information

F r e q u e n t l y A s k e d Q u e s t i o n s

F r e q u e n t l y A s k e d Q u e s t i o n s Myasthenia Gravis Q: What is myasthenia gravis (MG)? A: Myasthenia gravis (meye-uhss- THEEN-ee-uh GRAV uhss) (MG) is an autoimmune disease that weakens the muscles. The name comes from Greek and Latin

More information

EYE MUSCLE SURGERY. I am on staff and perform surgery at the following facilities: HCA Gulf Coast Surgery Center of Bradenton

EYE MUSCLE SURGERY. I am on staff and perform surgery at the following facilities: HCA Gulf Coast Surgery Center of Bradenton 1 EYE MUSCLE SURGERY Prepared by Scott E. Silverman, M.D. Strabismus is a misalignment of the eyes. The eyes may cross or drift up or out. Strabismus may be present from birth or may develop in childhood.

More information

Descemet s Stripping Endothelial Keratoplasty (DSEK)

Descemet s Stripping Endothelial Keratoplasty (DSEK) Descemet s Stripping Endothelial Keratoplasty (DSEK) Your doctor has decided that you will benefit from a corneal transplant operation. This handout will explain your options to you. It explains the differences

More information

LASIK What is LASIK? Am I a good candidate for LASIK? What happens before surgery? How is LASIK done?

LASIK What is LASIK? Am I a good candidate for LASIK? What happens before surgery? How is LASIK done? LASIK What is LASIK? Laser assisted in situ keratomileusis, or LASIK, is an outpatient surgical procedure used to treat myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), and astigmatism. With LASIK,

More information

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Page 1 of 5 Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Carpal tunnel syndrome is a common source of hand numbness and pain. It is more common in women than men. Anatomy The carpal tunnel is a narrow, tunnel-like structure

More information

ADJUSTABLE SQUINT SURGERY

ADJUSTABLE SQUINT SURGERY ADJUSTABLE SQUINT SURGERY Information Leaflet Your Health. Our Priority. Page 2 of 8 Introduction Adjustable squint surgery is an alternative to traditional squint surgery. It has a better success rate

More information

Radiation Oncology Patient information. Radiation Therapy for breast cancers

Radiation Oncology Patient information. Radiation Therapy for breast cancers Radiation Oncology Patient information Radiation Therapy for breast cancers Radiation Therapy for breast cancers 1 Radiation therapy for breast cancer Radiation therapy plays a vital role in treating and

More information

Introduction Breast cancer is cancer that starts in the cells of the breast. Breast cancer happens mainly in women. But men can get it too.

Introduction Breast cancer is cancer that starts in the cells of the breast. Breast cancer happens mainly in women. But men can get it too. Male Breast Cancer Introduction Breast cancer is cancer that starts in the cells of the breast. Breast cancer happens mainly in women. But men can get it too. Many people do not know that men can get breast

More information

Marketing Samples Medical Optometry

Marketing Samples Medical Optometry Marketing Samples Medical Optometry Intended Use The purpose of this marketing sample packet is to provide examples of the ways your practice can implement text for newsletters, emails or letters, on-hold

More information

Calcaneus (Heel Bone) Fractures

Calcaneus (Heel Bone) Fractures Copyright 2010 American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Calcaneus (Heel Bone) Fractures Fractures of the heel bone, or calcaneus, can be disabling injuries. They most often occur during high-energy collisions

More information

NHS. Blackpool Teaching Hospitals. NHS Foundation Trust. What is a Squint? Patient Information Leaflet. Ophthalmic Day Surgical Unit 01253 957420

NHS. Blackpool Teaching Hospitals. NHS Foundation Trust. What is a Squint? Patient Information Leaflet. Ophthalmic Day Surgical Unit 01253 957420 Blackpool Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust NHS What is a Squint? Patient Information Leaflet Ophthalmic Day Surgical Unit 01253 957420 WHAT IS A SQUINT? Six muscles control the movement of the eye.

More information

Temple Physical Therapy

Temple Physical Therapy Temple Physical Therapy A General Overview of Common Neck Injuries For current information on Temple Physical Therapy related news and for a healthy and safe return to work, sport and recreation Like Us

More information

Age- Related Macular Degeneration

Age- Related Macular Degeneration Age- Related Macular Degeneration Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of blindness in the United States. It is caused by damage to a localized area of the central retina called

More information

Get Your Eyes Examined

Get Your Eyes Examined 1 Vision Changes You may notice vision changes with aging. Many changes are common and can often be corrected. As you get older, you are at higher risk of age-related eye diseases and conditions. Get Your

More information

.org. Cervical Radiculopathy (Pinched Nerve) Anatomy. Cause

.org. Cervical Radiculopathy (Pinched Nerve) Anatomy. Cause Cervical Radiculopathy (Pinched Nerve) Page ( 1 ) Cervical radiculopathy, commonly called a pinched nerve occurs when a nerve in the neck is compressed or irritated where it branches away from the spinal

More information

Squint surgery in adults

Squint surgery in adults Patient Information Strabismus service Squint surgery in adults This leaflet aims to answer some of the questions you may have about squint surgery. The leaflet does not cover everything as every patient

More information

THE EYES IN MARFAN SYNDROME

THE EYES IN MARFAN SYNDROME THE EYES IN MARFAN SYNDROME Marfan syndrome and some related disorders can affect the eyes in many ways, causing dislocated lenses and other eye problems that can affect your sight. Except for dislocated

More information

Age-Related Eye Diseases and Conditions. See Well for a Lifetime

Age-Related Eye Diseases and Conditions. See Well for a Lifetime Age-Related Eye Diseases and Conditions See Well for a Lifetime Vision Changes You may notice vision changes with aging. Many changes are common and can often be corrected. As you get older, you are at

More information

Minor Lid Surgery. Information for patients

Minor Lid Surgery. Information for patients Minor Lid Surgery Information for patients This leaflet has been produced to give you information about the problems you have been having with your eyelid. If you have any questions or require further

More information

Canine Lymphoma Frequently Asked Questions by Pet Owners

Canine Lymphoma Frequently Asked Questions by Pet Owners Canine Lymphoma Frequently Asked Questions by Pet Owners What is lymphoma? The term lymphoma describes a diverse group of cancers in dogs that are derived from white blood cells called lymphocytes. Lymphocytes

More information

Cheekbone (zygoma) and/or eye socket (orbit) fracture surgery

Cheekbone (zygoma) and/or eye socket (orbit) fracture surgery Ambulatory Care & Local Networks Cheekbone (zygoma) and/or eye socket (orbit) fracture surgery Information for patients You have been treated in the Emergency Department for a broken (fractured) cheekbone

More information

Asbestos Related Diseases

Asbestos Related Diseases Asbestos Related Diseases Asbestosis Mesothelioma Lung Cancer Pleural Disease Asbestosis and Mesothelioma (LUNG CANCER) Support Group 1800 017 758 www.amsg.com.au ii Helping you and your family through

More information

Whiplash and Whiplash- Associated Disorders

Whiplash and Whiplash- Associated Disorders Whiplash and Whiplash- Associated Disorders North American Spine Society Public Education Series What Is Whiplash? The term whiplash might be confusing because it describes both a mechanism of injury and

More information

SARCOIDOSIS. Signs and symptoms associated with specific organ involvement can include the following:

SARCOIDOSIS. Signs and symptoms associated with specific organ involvement can include the following: SARCOIDOSIS Sarcoidosis is a disease that occurs when areas of inflammation develop in different organs of the body. Very small clusters of inflammation, called granulomas, are seen with sarcoidosis. They

More information

Interstitial Cystitis

Interstitial Cystitis Interstitial Cystitis Introduction Interstitial cystitis, or IC, is a chronic problem where the bladder wall can become inflamed and irritated. It is much more common in women than in men. Some doctors

More information

Eye Injuries. The Eyes The eyes are sophisticated organs. They collect light and focus it on the back of the eye, allowing us to see.

Eye Injuries. The Eyes The eyes are sophisticated organs. They collect light and focus it on the back of the eye, allowing us to see. Eye Injuries Introduction The design of your face helps protect your eyes from injury. But injuries can still damage your eyes. Sometimes injuries are severe enough that you could lose your vision. Most

More information

CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME A PATIENT GUIDE TO THE NURSE-LED CARPAL TUNNEL SERVICE

CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME A PATIENT GUIDE TO THE NURSE-LED CARPAL TUNNEL SERVICE CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME A PATIENT GUIDE TO THE NURSE-LED CARPAL TUNNEL SERVICE Information Leaflet Your Health. Our Priority. Page 2 of 6 What is carpal tunnel syndrome? It is entrapment of a nerve at the

More information

Brain Cancer. This reference summary will help you understand how brain tumors are diagnosed and what options are available to treat them.

Brain Cancer. This reference summary will help you understand how brain tumors are diagnosed and what options are available to treat them. Brain Cancer Introduction Brain tumors are not rare. Thousands of people are diagnosed every year with tumors of the brain and the rest of the nervous system. The diagnosis and treatment of brain tumors

More information

Asbestos Related Diseases. Asbestosis Mesothelioma Lung Cancer Pleural Disease. connecting raising awareness supporting advocating

Asbestos Related Diseases. Asbestosis Mesothelioma Lung Cancer Pleural Disease. connecting raising awareness supporting advocating Asbestos Related Diseases Asbestosis Mesothelioma Lung Cancer Pleural Disease connecting raising awareness supporting advocating 1800 017 758 www.asbestosassociation.com.au Asbestos lagging was widely

More information

Information for Men Receiving Radiation and Hormone Treatments for Prostate Cancer

Information for Men Receiving Radiation and Hormone Treatments for Prostate Cancer Information for Men Receiving Radiation and Hormone Treatments for Prostate Cancer Treatment Plan Stage of prostate cancer: RADIATION THERAPY Radiation Treatments: Date for planning CT: Date to start radiation

More information

Vision Correction Surgery Patient Information

Vision Correction Surgery Patient Information Vision Correction Surgery Patient Information Anatomy of the eye: The eye is a complex organ composed of many parts, and normal vision requires these parts to work together. When a person looks at an object,

More information

CONSENT FORM. Procedure: Descemet s Stripping Automated Endothelial Keratoplasty (DSAEK)

CONSENT FORM. Procedure: Descemet s Stripping Automated Endothelial Keratoplasty (DSAEK) CONSENT FORM Procedure: Descemet s Stripping Automated Endothelial Keratoplasty (DSAEK) Surgeon: Jeffrey W. Liu, M.D. Peninsula Laser Eye Medical Group 1174 Castro Street, Ste. 100 Mountain View, CA 94040

More information

Glaucoma Laser Treatments

Glaucoma Laser Treatments Glaucoma Laser Treatments Disclaimer This is general information developed by The Ottawa Hospital. It is not intended to replace the advice of a qualified healthcare provider. Please consult your own personal

More information

Understanding your Tecfidera treatment

Understanding your Tecfidera treatment Understanding your Tecfidera treatment Information for patients who have been prescribed treatment with Tecfidera. (dimethyl fumarate) Contents About Multiple Sclerosis (MS) What is MS? Symptoms of MS

More information

Understanding your Tecfidera treatment

Understanding your Tecfidera treatment Understanding your Tecfidera treatment Information for patients who have been prescribed treatment with Tecfidera. (dimethyl fumarate) Contents About Multiple Sclerosis (MS) What is MS? Symptoms of MS

More information

LASIK. What is LASIK? Eye Words to Know. Who is a good candidate for LASIK?

LASIK. What is LASIK? Eye Words to Know. Who is a good candidate for LASIK? 2014 2015 LASIK What is LASIK? LASIK (laser in situ keratomileusis) is a type of refractive surgery. This kind of surgery uses a laser to treat vision problems caused by refractive errors. You have a refractive

More information

.org. Cervical Spondylosis (Arthritis of the Neck) Anatomy. Cause

.org. Cervical Spondylosis (Arthritis of the Neck) Anatomy. Cause Cervical Spondylosis (Arthritis of the Neck) Page ( 1 ) Neck pain can be caused by many things but is most often related to getting older. Like the rest of the body, the disks and joints in the neck (cervical

More information

Refractive errors are caused by an imperfectly shaped eyeball, cornea or lens, and are of three basic types:

Refractive errors are caused by an imperfectly shaped eyeball, cornea or lens, and are of three basic types: Tips on Lasik Eye Surgery If you re tired of wearing glasses or contact lenses, you may be considering Lasik eye surgery one of the newest procedures to correct vision problems. Before you sign up for

More information

Facts about diabetic macular oedema

Facts about diabetic macular oedema Patient information medical retina services Facts about diabetic macular oedema What is diabetic macular oedema? Diabetic eye disease is a leading cause of blindness registration among working age adults

More information

Alexandria Fairfax Sterling Leesburg 703-931-9100 703-573-8080 703-430-4400 703-858-3170

Alexandria Fairfax Sterling Leesburg 703-931-9100 703-573-8080 703-430-4400 703-858-3170 DIABETIC RETINOPATHY www.theeyecenter.com This pamphlet has been written to help people with diabetic retinopathy and their families and friends better understand the disease. It describes the cause, symptoms,

More information

This is my information booklet: Introduction

This is my information booklet: Introduction Hip arthroscopy is a relatively new procedure which allows the surgeon to diagnose and treat hip disorders by providing a clear view of the inside of the hip with very small incisions. This is a more complicated

More information

Cerebral Palsy. In order to function, the brain needs a continuous supply of oxygen.

Cerebral Palsy. In order to function, the brain needs a continuous supply of oxygen. Cerebral Palsy Introduction Cerebral palsy, or CP, can cause serious neurological symptoms in children. Up to 5000 children in the United States are diagnosed with cerebral palsy every year. This reference

More information

Arthritis in Children: Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis By Kerry V. Cooke

Arthritis in Children: Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis By Kerry V. Cooke Reading Comprehension Read the following essay on juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Then use the information in the text to answer the questions that follow. Arthritis in Children: Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

More information

MODERN CLINICAL OPTOMETRY BILLING & CODING THE MEDICAL EYE EXAMINATION. Definitions of Eye Examinations. Federal Government Definition

MODERN CLINICAL OPTOMETRY BILLING & CODING THE MEDICAL EYE EXAMINATION. Definitions of Eye Examinations. Federal Government Definition MODERN CLINICAL OPTOMETRY BILLING & CODING THE MEDICAL EYE EXAMINATION Craig Thomas, O.D. 3900 West Wheatland Road Dallas, Texas 75237 972-780-7199 thpckc@yahoo.com Definitions of Eye Examinations Optometry

More information

New England Pain Management Consultants At New England Baptist Hospital

New England Pain Management Consultants At New England Baptist Hospital New England Pain Management Consultants At New England Baptist Hospital Pain Management Center Health Assessment Dear New Pain Management Patient, Welcome to the New England Pain Management Consultants

More information

Getting Ready for ICD-10. Dianna Hoskins, OCS Cincinnati Eye Institute

Getting Ready for ICD-10. Dianna Hoskins, OCS Cincinnati Eye Institute Dianna Hoskins, OCS Cincinnati Eye Institute Chart Documentation: Will your documentation stand up to ICD-10? Do you always mark which eye, severity or status of the disease (chronic or acute), site, etiology

More information

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid Arthritis Rheumatoid Arthritis While rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has long been feared as one of the most disabling types of arthritis, the outlook has dramatically improved for many newly diagnosed patients. Certainly

More information

Basal Cell Carcinoma Affecting the Eye Your Treatment Explained

Basal Cell Carcinoma Affecting the Eye Your Treatment Explained Basal Cell Carcinoma Affecting the Eye Your Treatment Explained Patient Information Introduction This booklet is designed to give you information about having a Basal Cell Carcinoma near your eye and the

More information

Informed Patient Tutorial Copyright 2012 by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons

Informed Patient Tutorial Copyright 2012 by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Informed Patient Tutorial Copyright 2012 by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Informed Patient - Carpal Tunnel Release Surgery Introduction Welcome to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons'

More information

Radiation Therapy for Prostate Cancer

Radiation Therapy for Prostate Cancer Radiation Therapy for Prostate Cancer Introduction Cancer of the prostate is the most common form of cancer that affects men. About 240,000 American men are diagnosed with prostate cancer every year. Your

More information

The LASIK experience WHO CAN HAVE LASIK? SELECTING A SURGEON

The LASIK experience WHO CAN HAVE LASIK? SELECTING A SURGEON The LASIK experience I WHO CAN HAVE LASIK? To be eligible for LASIK you should be at least 21 years of age, have healthy eyes and be in good general health. Your vision should not have deteriorated significantly

More information

Sincerely, Cindi. Cindi Crews Patient Services Coordinator for Dr. John Aucott Lyme Disease Clinical Research Center

Sincerely, Cindi. Cindi Crews Patient Services Coordinator for Dr. John Aucott Lyme Disease Clinical Research Center Lyme Disease Clinical Research Center 2360 W. Joppa Road Joppa Concourse Suite 320 Lutherville, MD 21093 410-616-7596 Telephone 410-616-7595 Fax Please fill out the attached questionnaire and if possible

More information

Neuro-Ophthalmology. Bascom Palmer s clinical detectives study the links between brain and eye. The super sleuths of vision. 2Neuro-Ophthalmology

Neuro-Ophthalmology. Bascom Palmer s clinical detectives study the links between brain and eye. The super sleuths of vision. 2Neuro-Ophthalmology 2Neuro-Ophthalmology The super sleuths of vision Neuro-Ophthalmology Bascom Palmer s clinical detectives study the links between brain and eye When Miguel Cabrera became concerned about a drooping eyelid

More information

Sciatica Yuliya Mutsa PTA 236

Sciatica Yuliya Mutsa PTA 236 Sciatica Yuliya Mutsa PTA 236 Sciatica is a common type of pain affecting the sciatic nerve, which extends from the lower back all the way through the back of the thigh and down through the leg. Depending

More information

Herniated Cervical Disc

Herniated Cervical Disc Herniated Cervical Disc North American Spine Society Public Education Series What Is a Herniated Disc? The backbone, or spine, is composed of a series of connected bones called vertebrae. The vertebrae

More information

Rheumatoid Arthritis www.arthritis.org.nz

Rheumatoid Arthritis www.arthritis.org.nz Rheumatoid Arthritis www.arthritis.org.nz Did you know? RA is the second most common form of arthritis Approximately 40,000 New Zealanders have RA RA can occur at any age, but most often appears between

More information

Information for adults undergoing squint surgery

Information for adults undergoing squint surgery Information for adults undergoing squint surgery Ophthalmology Department Delivering the best in care UHB is a no smoking Trust To see all of our current patient information leaflets please visit www.uhb.nhs.uk/patient-information-leaflets.htm

More information

Bladeless LASIK and PRK

Bladeless LASIK and PRK Bladeless LASIK and PRK Bladeless LASIK and PRK The specialists at North Shore-LIJ Laser Vision Correction understand how valuable your sight is to you, which is why we use the safest, most advanced technology

More information

Back & Neck Pain Survival Guide

Back & Neck Pain Survival Guide Back & Neck Pain Survival Guide www.kleinpeterpt.com Zachary - 225-658-7751 Baton Rouge - 225-768-7676 Kleinpeter Physical Therapy - Spine Care Program Finally! A Proven Assessment & Treatment Program

More information

Congratulations! You have just joined the thousands of people who are enjoying the benefits of laser vision correction.

Congratulations! You have just joined the thousands of people who are enjoying the benefits of laser vision correction. Dear Valued Patient, Thank you for choosing Shady Grove Ophthalmology for your laser vision correction procedure. Our excellent staff is committed to offering you the highest quality eye care using state

More information

Skin cancer Patient information

Skin cancer Patient information Skin cancer Patient information What is cancer? The human body is made up of billions of cells. In healthy people, cells grow, divide and die. New cells constantly replace old ones in an orderly way. This

More information

loving life YOUR GUIDE TO YOUR THYROID

loving life YOUR GUIDE TO YOUR THYROID loving life YOUR GUIDE TO YOUR THYROID one THE THYROID two HYPOTHYROIDISM three HYPERTHYROIDISM four TREATING HYPERTHYROIDISM five THYROID NODULES AND GOITRES one THE THYROID What is the thyroid? The thyroid

More information

Mesothelioma: Questions and Answers

Mesothelioma: Questions and Answers CANCER FACTS N a t i o n a l C a n c e r I n s t i t u t e N a t i o n a l I n s t i t u t e s o f H e a l t h D e p a r t m e n t o f H e a l t h a n d H u m a n S e r v i c e s Mesothelioma: Questions

More information

Chronic Low Back Pain

Chronic Low Back Pain Chronic Low Back Pain North American Spine Society Public Education Series What is Chronic Pain? Low back pain is considered to be chronic if it has been present for longer than three months. Chronic low

More information

VARICOSE VEINS. Information Leaflet. Your Health. Our Priority. VTE Ambulatory Clinic Stepping Hill Hospital

VARICOSE VEINS. Information Leaflet. Your Health. Our Priority. VTE Ambulatory Clinic Stepping Hill Hospital VARICOSE VEINS Information Leaflet Your Health. Our Priority. Page 2 of 7 Varicose Veins There are no accurate figures for the number of people with varicose veins. Some studies suggest that 3 in 100 people

More information

Esotropia (Crossed Eye(s))

Esotropia (Crossed Eye(s)) Esotropia (Crossed Eye(s)) Esotropia is a type of strabismus or eye misalignment in which the eyes are "crossed," that is, while one eye looks straight ahead, the other eye is turned in toward the nose.

More information

2.1 Who first described NMO?

2.1 Who first described NMO? History & Discovery 54 2 History & Discovery 2.1 Who first described NMO? 2.2 What is the difference between NMO and Multiple Sclerosis? 2.3 How common is NMO? 2.4 Who is affected by NMO? 2.1 Who first

More information

A Definition of Multiple Sclerosis

A Definition of Multiple Sclerosis English 182 READING PRACTICE by Alyx Meltzer, Spring 2009 Vocabulary Preview (see bolded, underlined words) gait: (n) a particular way of walking transient: (adj) temporary; synonym = transitory remission:

More information

LOW BACK PAIN: SHOULD I HAVE AN MRI?

LOW BACK PAIN: SHOULD I HAVE AN MRI? DATE: / / HG SY EH CQ RL AS JZ Name: (Last, First, M.I.) M F DOB: / / Decision Point LOW BACK PAIN: SHOULD I HAVE AN MRI? You may want to have a say in this decision, or you may simply want to follow your

More information

Arthritis of the Shoulder

Arthritis of the Shoulder Arthritis of the Shoulder In 2011, more than 50 million people in the United States reported that they had been diagnosed with some form of arthritis, according to the National Health Interview Survey.

More information

A PATIENT GUIDE TO EYE SURGERY

A PATIENT GUIDE TO EYE SURGERY A PATIENT GUIDE TO EYE SURGERY RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH SURGERY There is a one in 1000 or less than one percent chance that a cataract surgery patient will experience complications that lead to blindness

More information

Carpal Tunnel Release

Carpal Tunnel Release Carpal Tunnel Release Carpal tunnel syndrome is a condition in the hand and wrist caused by excessive pressure on the median nerve in the wrist. Compression of the nerve typically causes numbness and tingling

More information

Vitreo-Retinal and Macular Degeneration Frequently Asked Questions

Vitreo-Retinal and Macular Degeneration Frequently Asked Questions Vitreo-Retinal and Macular Degeneration Frequently Asked Questions What is a Vitreo-Retinal specialist? Retinal specialists are eye physicians and surgeons who focus on diseases in the back of the eye

More information

Ruthenium Plaque Treatment

Ruthenium Plaque Treatment Information for patients Department of Ophthalmology Royal Hallamshire Hospital Ruthenium Plaque Treatment What is Ruthenium Plaque treatment? This is a treatment whereby a plaque is surgically placed

More information

Brain Tumor Center. A Team Approach to Treating Brain Tumors

Brain Tumor Center. A Team Approach to Treating Brain Tumors Brain Tumor Center A Team Approach to Treating Brain Tumors Introducing Our Brain Tumor Center Making an appointment with the Brain Tumor Center at the Center for Advanced Medicine is the important first

More information

Nick Strouthidis MBBS MD PhD FRCS FRCOphth FRANZCO CONSULTANT OPHTHALMIC SURGEON

Nick Strouthidis MBBS MD PhD FRCS FRCOphth FRANZCO CONSULTANT OPHTHALMIC SURGEON TUBES/SHUNTS TUBES/SHUNTS Implantation of a glaucoma drainage device (GDD - also known as a tube or aqueous shunt) works by diverting aqueous from the front of the eye via a tube to a drainage plate stitched

More information

GLAUCOMA. American Academy of Ophthalmology

GLAUCOMA. American Academy of Ophthalmology GLAUCOMA American Academy of Ophthalmology What is glaucoma? Glaucoma is a disease of the optic nerve, which is the part of the eye that carries the images we see to the brain. The optic nerve is made

More information

Lumbar Laminectomy and Interspinous Process Fusion

Lumbar Laminectomy and Interspinous Process Fusion Lumbar Laminectomy and Interspinous Process Fusion Introduction Low back and leg pain caused by pinched nerves in the back is a common condition that limits your ability to move, walk, and work. This condition

More information

X-Plain Psoriasis Reference Summary

X-Plain Psoriasis Reference Summary X-Plain Psoriasis Reference Summary Introduction Psoriasis is a long-lasting skin disease that causes the skin to become inflamed. Patches of thick, red skin are covered with silvery scales. It affects

More information

Muscular Dystrophy and Multiple Sclerosis. ultimately lead to the crippling of the muscular system, there are many differences between these

Muscular Dystrophy and Multiple Sclerosis. ultimately lead to the crippling of the muscular system, there are many differences between these Battles 1 Becky Battles Instructor s Name English 1013 21 November 2006 Muscular Dystrophy and Multiple Sclerosis Although muscular dystrophy and multiple sclerosis are both progressive diseases that ultimately

More information