The Impact of the new Directive 2014/33/EU and Standard EN81-20 on New Lifts

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1 The Impact of the new Directive 2014/33/EU and Standard EN81-20 on New Lifts Malta Lift Association Workshop Ing Ray Spiteri DMS, MBA (Brunel), B.Sc.. Mech Eng (Hons), EUR Ing, MIMechE, MASHRAE, MIAEE, MCIBSE. 58/1, Triq Giuseppe Cali, Ta Xbiex XBX1424, Malta. Tel.: Fax: Mob.:

2 Directive 2014/33/EU IMPLICATIONS TO INDUSTRY Owners, Lift Installers, Banks, Insurers, etc.

3 THE WORD LIFTSIS RE-DEFINED Lifts: they exist as finished products only after their permanent installation Lifts: they cannot be imported in the EU They are only placed on the market and they are not subsequently made available There are neither «Importers» nor «Distributors» of lifts

4 LIFT INSTALLERS OBLIGATIONS & RESPONSIBILITES In relation to their role in the supply chain they must adopt appropriate measures to place on the market Lifts and Safety Components only if they are in compliance with the Directive Importers must ensure to place on the market Safety Components in compliance with the Directive and must not place on the market Components which are not compliant or present a risk Importers must ensure that Conformity Assessment procedures have been performed and that EC marking and relevant documentation are available for inspection by the National Authorities When placing on the market a Safety Component, every Importer should indicate on it his name, the registered trade name or mark and the postal address

5 LIFT INSTALLERS OBLIGATIONS & RESPONSIBILITES Installer is responsible for design, manufacturing, installation, tests More detailed information (Installer address) to be indicated and clearly visible on the Lift (not necessarily on the car plate) Installer details in documentation or register available on site Installers shall indicate, on the lift, their name, registered trade name or registered trade mark and the postal address at which they can be contacted. The address shall indicate a single point at which the installer can be contacted. The contact details shall be in a language easily understood by end-users and market surveillance authorities.

6 QUESTION? Distributors should be able to supply Safety Components already placed on the market, (stocks in the supply chain) before the date of application of the national measures transposing the Directive What is going to happen after 20 th April 2016 for lift installers who assemble lifts locally?

7 Manufacturer Obligations Responsible for design and manufacturing of Safety Components If Importer or Distributor makes available (with his name or his registered trade mark) a Safety Component, or Modifies the product in such a way that conformity is involved, Importer or Distributor will be considered as the Manufacturer and fully responsible of the SC

8 Standard EN81-20 IMPLICATIONS TO INDUSTRY Owners, Lift Installers, Banks, Insurers, etc.

9 EN 81-1 and EN 81-2 are merged into the following new parts New Structure of the EN81 Family 1. EN Passenger and goods passenger lifts contains requirements for complete passenger or goods passenger lift installations independent of the driving system, taking over the general design requirements from EN 81-1 /2:1998 and all their amendments. 2. EN Examinations, calculations and tests of lift components Contains description of the examinations, calculations and tests of lift components used in any type of lift (passenger, goods passenger, goods only lift, etc.)

10

11 Status The new standards will come into force on the 1 ST September 2017.

12 RESPONSIBILITIES of BUILDING DESIGNERS, ARCHITECTS, DEVELOPERS / OWNERS & CONSULTANTS 1. Compliance to building regulations. 2. Environmental conditions e.g. temperature, humidity, exposure to sun & wind, corrosive atmosphere, etc. 3. Intended use of lift e.g. commercial application, hospital, etc. 4. Dissipation of heat in machine rooms and lifts shafts. 5. Ventilation of lift shafts (1% of CSA). 6. Building structure including underground for pits. 7. Electrical and telecommunications installation. 8. Means of accessibility for installation, use of lift & maintenance of lift. 9. Plumbing / drain installations for Fire Fighting Lifts. 10. Noise & Vibrations transmitted to building. 11. Maintenance of lift.

13 Major Changes MAJOR CHANGES OF PARTICULAR IMPORTANCE TO DEVELOPERS, ARCHITECTS, ETC

14 LIFT MACHINE ROOM & WELL a. The machine room and lift well is for the exclusive use of the lift and shall not contain ducts, cables or other devices than for the lift. b. Machine room is defined as a fully enclosed space with ceiling, walls, floor and access door(s) in which machinery as a whole or in parts is placed. It is for the exclusive use of the lift and not for storage, meters, etc. c. A machinery cabinet is considered as a machinery space. d. Machine room door to be 2.0mH x 0.6m W and must open outwards.

15 Machinery Spaces Clear height for working is 2.1m. Where working areas in the well are from the car roof (e.g. MRLs) and blocking devices are employed to prevent car movement, then there must be a means of escape to prevent personnel from becoming trapped in these areas. Access to working areas is now allowed via private premises on agreement with the building owner concerning provision of access for maintenance and rescue. Machine room size parameters remain the same e.g. 0.7m from panel, 0.5m from sheave, etc.

16 Lift Well The ventilation of the well is now considered as an architectural issue rather than the concern of the lift designer. The manufacturer is to give details of the heat output of the lift installation to the architect. Lift wells made of glass must be of laminate material throughout their full height to protect from breakage of panels. Pits deeper than 2.5m must have an access at the base of the pit. Access ladders to pits less tan 2.5m are now fully defined in EN Pits must be sealed. Water seepage will no longer be allowed.

17 HORIZONTAL PROJECTIONS INTO THE WELL Where there is no car roof balustrade and ledges exist in the well greater than 0.15m, to prevent persons from standing in these areas a. The edge of the protection must be chamfered ( 45 degrees), or b. A deflector to be provided with 45 degrees inclination, withstanding 300N applied to 5 cm 2 - Without permanent deformation - -With 15mm elastic deformation

18 Doors for Access, Inspection & Rescue

19 WELL STRENGTH

20 A refuge space will be required for each person present in the headroom and pit. REFUGE SPACES Manufacturers must declare how many persons are included in their designs. A notice will be displayed in each area stating how many persons are present and the position to adopt in case of emergency. Refuge Spaces are defined as standing, crouching and laying positions with signs stating which is provided. 2 Persons Allowed All refuge spaces in the same area must be of the same type. Headroom refuge cube one shall take 1.0m as the height.

21 HEADROOM CLEARANCES

22 PIT CLEARANCES

23 Lift Car Lift Car Materials used inside a car are now subject to fire rating classifications. Decorative mirrors are to be made from safety glass. Cars are to have increased normal use lux lighting levels and a defined emergency lighting level. There shall be at least 2 lamps connected in parallel. The car shall be continuously illuminated except when the car is parked and the doors are closed.

24 SURFACE OF WALLS, FLOOR & CEILING

25 Building Interfaces It is recommended that a slight counter slope be provided in front of each landing sill to avoid water from washing, sprinkling, etc., draining into the well. The natural or artificial lighting of the landings in the vicinity of landing doors shall be at least 50 lux at floor level, such that a user can see ahead when he is opening the landing door to enter the lift, even if the car light has failed.

26 FIRE FIGHTING LIFTS EN81-72 Key 1 Firefighter's lift 2 Fire level 3 Bridge-head 4 Hot gases 5 Water on floor 6 Fire resistant door 7 Fire protected lobby 8 Stairway (Escape route) Key 1 Firefighter's lift 2 Fire level 6 Fire resistant door 7 Fire protected lobby 8 Stairway (Escape route) 9 Destroyed fire resistant door or wall

27 Water protection in the lift well Concepts of fire compartments Key 1 Firefighter's lift car 2 Fire level 3 Bridge-head 4 Leakage water from fire level floor 5 Water-protected zone in the well and on the car 6 Max leakage water level in the pit Key 1 Lift well, forming a single and separate fire compartment through all floors 2 Staircase (escape route), forming a single and separate fire compartment through all floors 3 Fire protected lobbies, each forming a separate fire compartment on each floor 4 Usage areas, containing one or more separate fire compartments on each floor 5 Machinery space, is not shown here. It can be situated in different places, but belongs normally to the same fire compartment as the lift well

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