Proposed Residential Complex At Holding No. - 98, B.T. Road, Kolkata Developer Premier Mica Mining And Manufacturing Company

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1 RISK MANAGEMENT PLAN is an integral part of a modernized and sophisticated residential complex. No efforts will be spared in identifying the all possible risks and disasters, evaluating them, installing control measure and carrying out operations without any possibility of accidents. This plan details how risk related to major accidents will be dealt with. In a residential complex, major identified Hazard pertains to fires in building. Thus, Risk Management Programme through proper design, operation and maintenance & inspection are essential to reduce the probability of occurrence and consequential effect of such eventualities. The overall objective of the Risk Management Programme is to make use of combine resources of the site and outside services to achieve the following: Localize the risk. Minimize effects on property and people. Effective rescue and medical treatment. Evacuation. PROPOSED FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEM WITHIN THE RESIDENTIAL COMPLEX Proposed residential complex is located abutting the B.T. Road under Baranagar Municipality near Dunlop Crossing. Surrounding area of the project site is developed with low to mid rise and few high rise residential buildings. Proposed complex is very well connected by roads for movement of fire tenders from the nearest fire station at Baranagar, Uttarpara and Dumdum. Moreover, adequate fire fighting measures have been proposed in order to make the complex safer. The first opportunity to achieve fire-safety in the proposed complex is through fire prevention, which involves separating potential heat sources from fuels. It is seen that major building fires are started by heat sources and ignitable materials that are brought into the buildings within the complex. This means the design of the building provides limited leverage on the building s future fire experience. In our design proposal, fire prevention is made more effective by careful observance of codes and standards in the design and installation of electrical and lighting systems, the water heating system and other built in equipment connected with cooking, refrigeration, air-conditioning or washing of clothes. CONSTRUCTION Whole construction of the proposed complex will be carried out as per the sanctioned building plan by Baranagar Municipality and recommendation of West Bengal Fire & Emergency Services Department. The floor area exceeding 750 sq.m will be suitably compartmented by separation walls upto ceiling level having at least two hours fire resisting capacity. The interior finish decoration of the building will be made of low flame spread materials conforming to IS specifications. OPEN SPACES The width of the main internal road will be sufficiently wide as recommended by the fire department and sufficiently strong to withstand the load of fire tender. Loop road surrounding all the buildings has been designed for smooth movement of fire tender.

2 Compulsory open spaces around the buildings will be kept free from any other usage. Adequate passageway and clearances will be provided for fire fighting vehicles to enter the premises. STAIRCASES Staircases of the building blocks will be designed as enclosed types. Enclosure will be constructed in such a way that it has at least 4 hours fire resisting capacity. Width of the staircase will be kept as per the recommendation of the concerned authority and all the staircases will be extended upto the roof level. Fire and smoke doors at the entrances of all the staircases will be provided. LIFTS The walls of the lift enclosures will have sufficient fire resisting capacity as recommended by the concerned authority. One of the lift will be demarcated as Fire Lift. REFUGE AREA Refuge area of atleast15 sq.m will be provided on the external wall with cantilever projection at recommended floor levels of the individual buildings. The refuge areas will be of Fire resisting construction and protected with self closing F.C.D. at the entrance from the corridors at staircase lobbies. The position of refuge areas will be such so that they are negotiable by the Fire Services Ladder from the ground. MEANS OF ESCAPE DESIGN Safe exit for the occupants in a building on fire requires a safe path of escape from the fire in the shortest possible time. This path has been tried to kept as short as possible for use in case of emergency. LIFE SAFETY For ensuring the life safety of occupants from a fire, the followings have been addressed in general: Provision of adequate No. of properly designed, unobstructed means of exit of adequate capacity which are available at all times; Availability of alternative means of exit for use, if the already chosen one is inaccessible due to fire, heat, smoke and toxic gases; Protection of the entire rescue path against fire, heat, smokes and toxic gases during the egress time based on occupant load, travel distance and exit capacity; Adoption of compartment and other adequate passive fire protection measures to ensure the safe egress/evacuation of the occupants in case of fire; Provision of adequate and reliable fire alarm system in the building to alert the occupants; Provision of refuge areas where total evacuation of occupants is not contemplated; Adequate illumination and marking of the means of egress; Formulation of organisation and practice of effective evacuation drill procedures. EXIT DESIGN The detail of the means of exit or egress or escape is a continuous path of travel from any point in the building to the open air outside at ground level. It consists of three constituents which are:

3 (i) The exit access; (ii) The exit ; (iii) The exit discharge The main requirements for the means of exit consisting of the three constituents as given above are: All means of exit, including staircases, lift lobbies and corridors, will be adequately ventilated; Exits not properly ventilated can cause suffocation to people being evacuated because a large number of people would be present in such enclosed place with no natural ventilation till they get out of it and reach open air; The building will be provided with exits sufficient to permit safe escape of occupants, in case of fire or other emergency; An exit may be a doorway, corridor, passageway(s) to an internal staircase, or external staircase, or to a verandah or terrace(s), which have access to the street, or to the roof of the building or a refuge area. Every exit, exit access or exit discharge will be continuously maintained free of all obstructions or impediments to full use in the case of fire or other emergency. All exits will provide continuous means of egress to the exterior of a building or to an exterior open space leading to a street. Exits will be clearly visible and the route to reach such exits will be clearly marked and signs posted to guide the occupants of the floor concerned. Signs will be illuminated and wired to independent electrical circuits on an alternative source of supply. The sizes and colour of the exit signs will be in accordance with established international practice. The floors of areas covered for the means of exits shall be illuminated to values not less than 10 lux at floor level. Fire doors with 2 hour fire resistance will be provided at appropriate places along the escape route and particularly at the entrance to lift lobby and stairwell. FIRE FIGHTING RESERVOIR Underground water reservoir as per recommended capacity by the Fire Services Department will be provided within the complex. The fire water reservoir will have overflow arrangement with the domestic water reservoir in order to avoid the stagnation of water. The water reservoir will be kept full at all time. Moreover, the existing waterbody within the site may also act as the secondary fire fighting water reservoir, in emergency. HYDRANT SYSTEM The building will be provided with Wet Riser or 150mm internal diameter pipe line with provision of landing valves at the Staircase Landings/ half landings at the rate of one such riser for 1000 sq.m of floor area. The system will be so designed that it can be kept charged with water all the time under pressure. FIRE PUMP Provision of the Fire Pump will be kept to supply water at the rate-designed pressure and discharge into the water based system, which will be installed in the building. One such pump will be kept exclusively as Stand-by.

4 MISCLLENOUS GUIDELINES Fire Notice for Fire Fighting and Evacuation from the building will be prepared and displayed at all the vulnerable places of the buildings Floor numbers and directional sign of escape route will be displayed prominently. Employees and Security Staff will be trained to be conversant with installed Fire Fighting Equipments of the building and their operation in emergency. Mock Fire Practices and evacuation drill will be performed periodically and the residents of the complex will be encouraged to participate. APPROACH FOR EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PLAN On site emergency: On-site emergency in this case can be defined as an accident involving only the people inside the premises, their rescue and fire fighting responsibilities. In case the effects are felt outside the campus, involving the surrounding residential, institutional as well as commercial establishments, the situation is called as an Off-site Emergency and this requires participation of emergency aid services. The identified major potential hazard is Fire. Apart from this an emergency situation may occur due to natural calamities. The prime elements of approach for a comprehensive Risk Management plan have been identified as under: 1. Prevention As Project Proponent, Premier Mica Mining And Manufacturing Company has planned to take the responsibility of providing or maintaining a safe and secured complex. Studies have been conducted to identify and eliminate/minimize the potential hazards. 2. Preparedness From each floor of the building, volunteer occupants (one or two) will be selected as principle emergency guides. They together with the security staff and facility maintenance people should be trained to use fire-fighting accessories. A clause that will ensure such training will be included in the fire-fighting equipment suppliers contract. These people will also be made aware of the evacuation procedures and emergency action plan. All necessary fire fighting equipment, fire hydrants, fire fighting reservoirs, etc., will be properly maintained and adequately replenished periodically. 3. Response In charge of the facility management will be responsible for managing all the emergencies. A reliable communication for him is a must as it plays a vital role during emergencies. Important phone numbers will be displayed prominently at his office/administration block. A plan showing escape route and position/location of fire hydrant will be made available to each residential flat with the complex. As per section of part IV of NBC, the escape route will be marked with a sign board on the corridor & passage to guide evacuation. Normally, the escape route signboard will be written in luminous paint for easy identification. This is to guide every occupant of the building who is bound to panic in the event of accident. In addition to that the hydrant layout will also be as per the Fire Protection Manual of the Tariff Advisory Committee, General Insurance, 1998.

5 4. Responsibilities of Society of the Complex a) Appointing a Building Manager (Housing Administrator) responsible for fire safety. b) Establish emergency procedures to be followed at the time of an emergency. c) Appoint and organize designated staff to carry out fire safety duties. d) Instruct staff and other occupants of their responsibilities for fire safety. e) Ensure maintenance of building fire and life safety systems. f) Provide alternate measures for the safety of occupants during shutdown of fire protection equipment. g) Assuring that checks, tests and inspections, as required by the Fire Code, are completed on schedule and that records will be retained. 5. Responsibilities of Building Manager a. Maintain a current approved Fire Safety Plan. b. Ensuring that all provisions set out in the Fire Safety Plan are carried out. c. Knowing and complying with all appropriate regulations, codes or acts. d. Designate and train sufficient staff to fulfill these fire safety duties, during the possible absence of the Building Manager from the building, and ensuring vacant positions are re-assigned immediately. e. Providing access and vital information to firefighters (e.g. m aster keys etc.). When so informed, record and providing current list of locations of handicapped persons to firefighters. f. Have a full, working knowledge of the Fire Alarm System. g. Ensuring stairway fire doors are closed and operate appropriately. h. Maintenance of building facilities is provided for the safety of the occupants. i. Keeping stairways, landings, hallways, passageways and exits (inside and out) clear of obstructions at all times. j. Not permitting combustible materials to accumulate in any part of a stairway or other means of egress, as well as elevator and ventilation shafts. k. Not permitting combustible waste materials to accumulate in quantities or locations that will constitute a fire hazard. l. Promptly remove all combustible waste from all areas where waste is placed for disposal. m. Keeping access to roadways, fire routes and fire department connections clear and accessible for Fire Services. n. Educating and training building personnel in the use of the existing fire safety equipment and their responsibilities under the approved Fire Safety Plan. o. Holding and participating in fire drills. Occupant participation is optional. p. Completing the Record of Fire Drill. q. Supervising evacuation of occupants in an emergency situation. r. Notifying Fire Department, on their arrival, of any non-ambulatory or handicapped residents - Unit numbers and their Names. s. Informing residents, upon Fire Department's instructions, that they can return to their flats. t. Providing staff with a copy of the appropriate section of the Fire Safety Plan. u. Knowing how to reset the fire alarm system. (An activated system must not be reset until authorized by a Fire Services Officer). v. Knowing the location of the sand pipe and sprinkler controls.

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