RADIOLOGY SERVICES. By Dr Lim Eng Kok 1

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "RADIOLOGY SERVICES. By Dr Lim Eng Kok 1"

Transcription

1 INTRODUCTION RADIOLOGY SERVICES By Dr Lim Eng Kok 1 Radiology is the branch of medicine that deals with the use of ionising (e.g. x- rays and radio-isotopes) and non-ionising radiation (e.g. ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging) in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases. It is one of the most dynamic fields in medicine today with new technologies and techniques being introduced at a rapid rate. However, some of these advances come at a relatively high cost. This paper presents the results of a survey 2 of the establishments which are licensed to provide top-end radiology services [i.e. Computed Tomography (CT), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Positron Emission Tomography (PET)] in Singapore. NUMBER OF SCANNERS Table 1 shows the number of scanners for each service. There are a total of 33 CT, 22 MRI and 4 PET scanners in Singapore 3. Table 1: Number of Scanners Scanners Scanner (Units per Public Sector Private Sector Total million population)* CT MRI PET *e: Total Population data as at 18 Aug 2005, based on Statistics Singapore, the Department of Statistics Singapore at The final column in Table 1 shows the availability of each scanner (measured by the number of scanners per million population ) in Singapore. Availability of highcost radiology services (especially CT and MRI) is often used to gauge adoption and diffusion of medical technology in different countries, with the aim being an appropriate level of adoption. Comparison data for other countries can be viewed at external websites such as that of the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (www.oecd.org). 1 Dr Lim Eng Kok is an Assistant Director with the Healthcare Finance Division, MOH 2 The data for comparison was obtained through a questionnaire survey of public and private sector establishments providing these services. The figures represent average charges (rounded to the nearest dollar) submitted by the establishments. 3 Source: for Radiation Protection, Health Sciences Authority (Data as at end-june 2005). 1

2 I. COMPUTERISED TOMOGRAPHY (CT) CT scanners use a series of X-ray beams to build up images of the body in slices. Unlike X-ray machines, which send one beam of radiation through the body, CT scanners emit a succession of narrow beams as it moves through an arc. This information is then sent to a computer, which builds up a cross-sectional image of the body and displays it on the screen. CT scans can be performed on any part of the head or body. Charges for some common CT scans are tabulated in Table 2. To ensure a like-for-like comparison, the charges compared are for private (i.e. unsubsidised) patients in public sector establishments versus those in private sector establishments. With Government subsidies, subsidized patients in public sector establishments pay significantly lower charges than the ones tabulated here, with the level of subsidies dependant on their ward class. Outpatient Alexandra AsiaMedic Heart & Vascular East Shore Gleneagles KK Women s and Children s Medical Imaging- Orchard Total Diagnostic Mount Alvernia Mount Elizabeth Cancer University RadLink Diagnostic Imaging Singapore Heart, Stroke & Cancer Table 2: Charges for Common CT Scans Abdomen* Abdomen and Pelvis* Angiography + Heart Arteries* Brain* Chest* Neck/ Post-nasal space* $424 $676 $567 $777 $1,040 $485 $764 $312 $424 $424 $567 $515 $349 $485 $475 $782 $452 $662 $893 $452 $452 $452 to $609 to $856 to $609 to $609 to $609 $460 $750 $715 $326 $452 $452 $473 $840 $515 $620 $408 to $609 $765 to $809 $893 to $998 $453 $737 $473 $473 $473 $462 $462 $462 $408 $408 $408 to $534 to $609 to $609 $340 $453 $453 $348 $452 $541 $808 $890 $365 $475 $507 $554 $769 $998 $368 $554 $554 $525 $924 $1,029 $525 $525 $494 $462 $751 $718 $347 $462 $462 $790 $790 $1,280 $790 $790 $790 $487 $763 $665 $346 $478 $478 2

3 Abdomen* Abdomen and Pelvis* Angiography + Heart Arteries* Inpatient Alexandra $424 $676 $485 $764 East Shore Gleneagles KK Women s and Children s Mount Elizabeth Brain* Chest* Neck/ Post-nasal space* $312 $424 $424 $349 $485 $475 $950 $547 $699 $1,287 $547 $547 $547 to $834 to $1,095 to $834 to $834 to $834 $460 $750 $715 $326 $452 $452 $539 $838 to $1,581 $1,027 $539 $539 $348 $539 $452 University $541 $808 $890 $365 $475 $507 $630 $1,109 $1,235 $630 $630 $592 $462 $751 $718 $347 $462 $462 $487 $763 $665 $346 $478 $478 es: All charges quoted are inclusive of Goods & Services Tax (GST). * The charges quoted are for scans done with contrast, i.e. a dye (contrast medium) is used to make some tissues show up more clearly. + Angiography: A procedure performed to view blood vessels after injecting them with a dye. 3

4 II. MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING MRI scanners use magnets and radio waves to produce detailed pictures of the inside of the body. MRI scans can show bones, muscles, joints, blood vessels, nerves and other structures in great detail. The key component of MRI scanners is the magnet, which determines the scanner s Field Strength, and is rated using a unit of measure known as a Tesla. Higher Field Strength contributes to better image quality and resolution, shorter examination times and greater range of applications for the scanner. Some patients require MRI scans using scanners with higher Field Strength, as additional image resolution is needed to diagnose their conditions. As the costs of MRI scanners tend to increase with the magnetic Field Strength, this value has been tabulated together with the charges for the common MRI scans as it is a possible explanatory factor for differences in charges across establishments (see Table 3). Similar to CT scans, to ensure a like-for-like comparison, the charges compared are for private (i.e. unsubsidised) patients in public sector establishments versus those in private sector establishments. Also, with Government subsidies, subsidized patients in public sector establishments pay significantly lower charges than the ones tabulated here, with the level of subsidies dependant on their ward class.. Table 3: Charges for Common MRI Scans Outpatient Advanced Integrated Radiology Alexandra Gleneagles Medical Imaging- Orchard Total Diagnostic Mount Alvernia Cancer University Orchard Imaging MRI Scanner Field Strength (Tesla) Brain for tumour* Common MRI Scans Liver for liver cancer* Lumbar Spine for Backache Knee for ligament tear 0.35 $725 $725 $515 $ $701 $773 $630 $ $969 $969 $714 $ $1,197 $1,197 $725 $ & 1.5 $520 $1,250 $398 $398 to $1,250 to $1,681 to $567 to $ $840 $840 $683 $ $1,008 $1,008 $620 $ $767 to $978 $767 $ & 3.0 $968 $721 $721 $ $827 $827 $735 $ $945 $945 $683 $ $1,050 $1,050 $788 $788 4

5 RadLink Diagnostic Imaging MRI Scanner Field Strength (Tesla) Brain for tumour* Common MRI Scans Liver for liver cancer* Lumbar Spine for Backache Knee for ligament tear 1.5 $1,150 $1,150 $643 $ & 1.5 $943 $943 $680 $ $968 $968 $714 $714 Inpatient Alexandra 1.5 $701 $773 $630 $ $969 $969 $714 $714 Gleneagles 1.5 $1,393 $1,393 $902 $1, $1,373 $1,392 $795 $987 to $1, & 3.0 $968 $714 University 1.5 $827 $827 $735 $ $1,181 $1,181 $866 $ & 1.5 $1,018 $1,018 $755 $ $968 $968 $714 $714 es: All charges quoted are inclusive of Goods & Services Tax (GST). * These MRI scans are typically done with contrast, i.e. a dye (contrast medium) is used to make some tissues show up more clearly. 5

6 III. POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY PET scanners use radionuclides attached to biological molecules (radioactive drugs) to produce images of the body by studying how certain areas function and convert energy. Unlike other forms of imaging such as MRI and CT which primarily provide information on what areas of the body look like (anatomical imaging), PET shows how the areas of the body is actually working (functional imaging). All four PET scanners in use locally are hybrid PET / CT scanners. These scanners combine the two modalities (PET and CT), enabling both functional and anatomical images to be collected in a single scanning session. PET is primarily used to either detect disease or to find out how widespread a disease is within a patient. Charges for a common PET scan are tabulated below (see Table 4). Unlike CT and MRI which are proven technologies, PET is new and is still being evaluated in terms of effectiveness. Outpatient AsiaMedic PET/CT Inpatient Table 4: Charges for Common PET Scans PET/CT Whole Body Scan PET/CT Whole Body Scan (without intravenous contrast) (with intravenous contrast) e: All charges quoted are inclusive of Goods & Services Tax (GST). $3,098 $3,098 $3,623 $2,310 $3,833 $2,310 Feedback to MOH If you have any comments or questions on the information paper, you can us directly at Alternatively, you can also fax or write to us at: Ministry of Health College of Medicine Building 16 College Road Singapore Tel: Fax:

X-Rays Benefits and Risks. Techniques that use x-rays

X-Rays Benefits and Risks. Techniques that use x-rays X-Rays Benefits and Risks X-rays are a form of electromagnetic radiation, just like light waves and radiowaves. Because X-rays have higher energy than light waves, they can pass through the body. X-rays

More information

P R E S E N T S Dr. Mufa T. Ghadiali is skilled in all aspects of General Surgery. His General Surgery Services include: General Surgery Advanced Laparoscopic Surgery Surgical Oncology Gastrointestinal

More information

Diagnosing secondary breast cancer

Diagnosing secondary breast cancer Diagnosing secondary breast cancer This information is from the booklet Understanding secondary breast cancer. You may find the full booklet helpful. We can send you a free copy see page 6. Contents Tests

More information

Molecular Imaging and Prostate Cancer

Molecular Imaging and Prostate Cancer Molecular Imaging and Prostate Cancer Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in American men, behind only lung cancer. Based on rates from 2004 2006, the National Cancer Institute

More information

THORACIC DIAGNOSTIC ASSESMENT PROGRAM (DAP) PATIENT INFORMATION FOR:

THORACIC DIAGNOSTIC ASSESMENT PROGRAM (DAP) PATIENT INFORMATION FOR: central east regional cancer program in partnership with cancer care ontario THORACIC DIAGNOSTIC ASSESMENT PROGRAM (DAP) PATIENT INFORMATION FOR: Thoracic dap booklet March2012.indd 1 SCHEDULED TESTS YOUR

More information

Chapter 5. Chapter 5. BMT Survivor. This chapter is key in helping you prepare for your transplant. Preparing for Your Transplant

Chapter 5. Chapter 5. BMT Survivor. This chapter is key in helping you prepare for your transplant. Preparing for Your Transplant This chapter is key in helping you prepare for your transplant. BMT Survivor Chapter 5 Preparing for Your Transplant Evaluation Tests for Eligibility, Preadmission Central Vascular Access Device Fertility

More information

Information for patients having a CT Scan

Information for patients having a CT Scan Information for patients having a CT Scan Please arrive early to give yourself time to check in. Please bring with you photo identification and your BC Care Card (personal health number). Do not bring

More information

First floor, Main Hospital North Services provided 24/7 365 days per year

First floor, Main Hospital North Services provided 24/7 365 days per year First floor, Main Hospital North Services provided 24/7 365 days per year General Radiology (X-ray) Fluoroscopy Ultrasound (Sonography) Nuclear Medicine P.E.T. imaging Computed Tomography (CT scan) Magnetic

More information

Scans in Neurofibromatosis

Scans in Neurofibromatosis Scans in Neurofibromatosis A scan creates an image or picture of internal organs of the body such as bone or soft tissue. Scans are used by doctors to help to identify the cause of your symptoms. Your

More information

Magnetic Resonance (Eg, Proton) Imaging, Temporomandibular Joint(S) MRI

Magnetic Resonance (Eg, Proton) Imaging, Temporomandibular Joint(S) MRI High Tech Radiology and s (Sorted by s) # Full Description 1 70336 Magnetic Resonance (Eg, Proton) Imaging, Temporomandibular Joint(S) 2 70450 Computed Tomography, Head Or Brain; Without Contrast Material

More information

Fact Sheet: Molecular Imaging and Cancer

Fact Sheet: Molecular Imaging and Cancer Fact Sheet: Molecular Imaging and Cancer Cancer causes one in every four deaths in the United States, second only to heart disease. According to the American Cancer Society, an estimated 1.48 million new

More information

PROCEDURE DESCRIPTION RADIOLOGY STUDIES

PROCEDURE DESCRIPTION RADIOLOGY STUDIES CPT CODE PROCEDURE DESCRIPTION RADIOLOGY STUDIES CT SCANS: 70450 CT HEAD/BRAIN W/O CONTRAST 70460 CT HEAD/BRAIN W/ CONTRAST 70470 CT HEAD/BRAIN W/O & W/ CONTRAST 70480 CT ORBIT W/O CONTRAST 70481 CT ORBIT

More information

We Listened... Cancer survivors shared their stories with us.

We Listened... Cancer survivors shared their stories with us. We Listened... Cancer survivors shared their stories with us. The care they received from their doctors and healthcare professionals was excellent. However, they needed someone to offer support and help

More information

Staging of cancers of the oesophagus and stomach Information for patients

Staging of cancers of the oesophagus and stomach Information for patients Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust Oxford Upper Gastrointestinal Centre Staging of cancers of the oesophagus and stomach Information for patients Introduction This leaflet gives you information about

More information

Patient Prep Information

Patient Prep Information Stereotactic Breast Biopsy Patient Prep Information Imaging Services Cannon Memorial Hospital Watauga Medical Center Table Weight Limits for each facility Cannon Memorial Hospital Watauga Medical Center

More information

Establishing Your Diagnosis Lung Investigations Explained

Establishing Your Diagnosis Lung Investigations Explained Establishing Your Diagnosis Lung Investigations Explained Patient Information Introduction This leaflet tells you about tests that may be performed to investigate the cause of your chest symptoms or the

More information

CPT CODE PROCEDURE DESCRIPTION. CT Scans 70450 CT HEAD/BRAIN W/O CONTRAST 70460 CT HEAD/BRAIN W/ CONTRAST 70470 CT HEAD/BRAIN W/O & W/ CONTRAST

CPT CODE PROCEDURE DESCRIPTION. CT Scans 70450 CT HEAD/BRAIN W/O CONTRAST 70460 CT HEAD/BRAIN W/ CONTRAST 70470 CT HEAD/BRAIN W/O & W/ CONTRAST CPT CODE PROCEDURE DESCRIPTION CT Scans 70450 CT HEAD/BRAIN W/O CONTRAST 70460 CT HEAD/BRAIN W/ CONTRAST 70470 CT HEAD/BRAIN W/O & W/ CONTRAST 70480 CT ORBIT W/O CONTRAST 70481 CT ORBIT W/ CONTRAST 70482

More information

Nuclear medicine scan

Nuclear medicine scan Nuclear medicine scan Exceptional healthcare, personally delivered Welcome to the Radiology Department The radiology department may also be called the x-ray or imaging department. It is the facility in

More information

NHS Imaging and Radiodiagnostic activity in England. 2012/13 Release. August 2013

NHS Imaging and Radiodiagnostic activity in England. 2012/13 Release. August 2013 NHS Imaging and Radiodiagnostic activity in England 2012/13 Release August 2013 Commentary This National Statistics release covers Imaging and Radiodiagnostic examinations or tests carried out in the NHS

More information

Service Development for PET/CT Services for Adults OSC Briefing: For Information & Comment PCT Sponsoring Director/s:

Service Development for PET/CT Services for Adults OSC Briefing: For Information & Comment PCT Sponsoring Director/s: Service Development for PET/CT Services for Adults OSC Briefing: For Information & Comment PCT Sponsoring Director/s: Specialised Commissioning Team: Tracey Cox, Project Director of Service Improvement

More information

STUDY PLAN FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF THE HIGHER SPECIALIZATION IN ( Diagnostic Radiology)

STUDY PLAN FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF THE HIGHER SPECIALIZATION IN ( Diagnostic Radiology) STUDY PLAN FOR THE CERTIFICATE OF THE HIGHER SPECIALIZATION IN ( Diagnostic Radiology) plan number :15/11/97/NT I-GENERAL RULES AND CONDITIONS: 1- This plan conforms to the regulations of granting the

More information

A Patient s Guide to Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis (DISH)

A Patient s Guide to Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis (DISH) A Patient s Guide to Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis (DISH) Introduction Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis (DISH) is a phenomenon that more commonly affects older males. It is associated

More information

Smoking and misuse of certain pain medicines can affect the risk of developing renal cell cancer.

Smoking and misuse of certain pain medicines can affect the risk of developing renal cell cancer. Renal cell cancer Renal cell cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in tubules of the kidney. Renal cell cancer (also called kidney cancer or renal adenocarcinoma) is a disease in which

More information

X-rays. How safe are they?

X-rays. How safe are they? X-rays How safe are they? X-RAY DEPARMEN hirty years ago, X-rays were the only way to see what was going on inside your body. Now other methods of medical imaging are available, some using different types

More information

Computed Tomography, Head Or Brain; Without Contrast Material, Followed By Contrast Material(S) And Further Sections

Computed Tomography, Head Or Brain; Without Contrast Material, Followed By Contrast Material(S) And Further Sections 1199SEIU BENEFIT AND PENSION FUNDS High Tech Diagnostic Radiology and s # 1 70336 Magnetic Resonance (Eg, Proton) Imaging, Temporomandibular Joint(S) 2 70450 Computed Tomography, Head Or Brain; Without

More information

CT Scan Thorax and Upper Abdomen. Respiratory Unit Patient Information Leaflet

CT Scan Thorax and Upper Abdomen. Respiratory Unit Patient Information Leaflet CT Scan Thorax and Upper Abdomen Respiratory Unit Patient Information Leaflet Introduction This leaflet gives you general information about your CT (computerised tomography) scan. It does not replace the

More information

Avera Health Plans Imaging Preauthorization List Managed By EviCore 7/1/16

Avera Health Plans Imaging Preauthorization List Managed By EviCore 7/1/16 Avera Health Plans Imaging Preauthorization List Managed By EviCore 7/1/16 70336 Magnetic resonance (eg, proton) imaging, temporomandibular joint(s) 70450 Computed tomography, head or brain; without contrast

More information

Information for patients. Angiography. Northern General Hospital

Information for patients. Angiography. Northern General Hospital Information for patients Angiography Northern General Hospital You have been given this information booklet because you need to have a test known as Angiography. This leaflet explains more about angiography

More information

Diagnosis of primary bone cancer

Diagnosis of primary bone cancer This information is an extract from the booklet Understanding primary bone cancer. You may find the full booklet helpful. We can send you a free copy see page 9. Contents How bone cancer is diagnosed Further

More information

Gallbladder cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the gallbladder.

Gallbladder cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the gallbladder. Gallbladder cancer Gallbladder cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the gallbladder. Gallbladder cancer is a rare disease in which malignant (cancer) cells are found

More information

Small cell lung cancer

Small cell lung cancer Small cell lung cancer Small cell lung cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the lung. The lungs are a pair of cone-shaped breathing organs that are found within

More information

Procedures/risks: Radiology (CT, DXA, MRI, ultrasound, X-ray)

Procedures/risks: Radiology (CT, DXA, MRI, ultrasound, X-ray) Procedures/risks: Radiology (CT, DXA, MRI, ultrasound, X-ray) Computerized Axial Tomography (CT): Procedure: A Computerized Axial Tomography (CT) scan [of your heart] involves holding your breath for a

More information

Health Care Careers in the Field of Imaging. Shari Workman, MSM,PHR,CIR MultiCare Health System Senior Recruiter/Employment Specialist

Health Care Careers in the Field of Imaging. Shari Workman, MSM,PHR,CIR MultiCare Health System Senior Recruiter/Employment Specialist Health Care Careers in the Field of Imaging Shari Workman, MSM,PHR,CIR MultiCare Health System Senior Recruiter/Employment Specialist What is Health Care Imaging? Technologists working with patients, using

More information

Nuclear medicine. Answering your questions

Nuclear medicine. Answering your questions Nuclear medicine Answering your questions ANSTO s OPAL research reactor in Sydney What is nuclear medicine? This is a branch of medicine that uses radiation from radioactive tracers to provide information

More information

U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Radiology Tech

U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Radiology Tech From the: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Radiology Tech What They Do Radiologic technologists (RTs) perform diagnostic imaging examinations, such as x rays, on patients. Duties RTs typically do the following:

More information

Diagnosis of ovarian cancer

Diagnosis of ovarian cancer Diagnosis of ovarian cancer This information is an extract from the booklet, Understanding cancer of the ovary. You may find the full booklet helpful. We can send you a copy free see page 5. Usually you

More information

AI CPT Codes. x x. 70336 MRI Magnetic resonance (eg, proton) imaging, temporomandibular joint(s)

AI CPT Codes. x x. 70336 MRI Magnetic resonance (eg, proton) imaging, temporomandibular joint(s) Code Category Description Auth Required Medicaid Medicare 0126T IMT Testing Common carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) study for evaluation of atherosclerotic burden or coronary heart disease risk factor

More information

Information for adults having an MRI scan

Information for adults having an MRI scan South Tyneside NHS Foundation Trust Information for adults having an MRI scan Department: Radiology Providing a range of NHS services in Gateshead, South Tyneside and Sunderland. 2 Introduction This leaflet

More information

Medical Physics and Radioactivity

Medical Physics and Radioactivity Medical Physics and Radioactivity Radioactivity Unstable nucleus Electromagnetic wave particle Atoms which emit electromagnetic radiation or a particle by the spontaneous transformation of their nucleus

More information

General Information About Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

General Information About Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer General Information About Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Non-small cell lung cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the lung. The lungs are a pair of cone-shaped breathing

More information

Introduction 2. What is a CT scan?...2. How does it work?. 2. Are there any risks?.3. What do I need to do to prepare for my scan?...

Introduction 2. What is a CT scan?...2. How does it work?. 2. Are there any risks?.3. What do I need to do to prepare for my scan?... Having a CT Scan Information for Patients In this leaflet: Introduction 2 What is a CT scan?...2 How does it work?. 2 Are there any risks?.3 What do I need to do to prepare for my scan?....3 Where do I

More information

What is Radiology and Radiologic Technology?

What is Radiology and Radiologic Technology? What is Radiology and Radiologic Technology? Note: Prospective CSI Radiologic Technology students are encouraged to print this document out and study it thoroughly before applying for admission to the

More information

Parkway College of Nursing and Allied Health School of Nursing and Allied Health. BSc (Hons) Diagnostic Radiography and Imaging Module Synopses

Parkway College of Nursing and Allied Health School of Nursing and Allied Health. BSc (Hons) Diagnostic Radiography and Imaging Module Synopses Parkway College of Nursing and Allied Health School of Nursing and Allied Health 4FHH1157 Anatomy, Physiology and Pathology for Imaging 1 Develop a broad understanding of anatomy, physiology, pathology

More information

Spinal Tumor. North American Spine Society Public Education Series

Spinal Tumor. North American Spine Society Public Education Series Spinal Tumor North American Spine Society Public Education Series What Are Spinal Tumors? Spine tumors may arise from any of the structures of the spine or the spinal column. They may arise in the cervical

More information

Queen Elizabeth Hospital Radiology Department Information Leaflet for Patients Requiring a CT Scan Patient Information Leaflet

Queen Elizabeth Hospital Radiology Department Information Leaflet for Patients Requiring a CT Scan Patient Information Leaflet Queen Elizabeth Hospital Radiology Department Information Leaflet for Patients Requiring a CT Scan Patient Information Leaflet Page 1 of 8 Introduction Your Consultant has asked for you to have a CT scan.

More information

Diagnosis and Prognosis of Pancreatic Cancer

Diagnosis and Prognosis of Pancreatic Cancer Main Page Risk Factors Reducing Your Risk Screening Symptoms Diagnosis Treatment Overview Chemotherapy Radiation Therapy Surgical Procedures Lifestyle Changes Managing Side Effects Talking to Your Doctor

More information

Carotid Artery Disease

Carotid Artery Disease Information for patients Carotid Artery Disease Northern General Hospital This leaflet explains more about Carotid Artery Disease and answers some of the most frequently asked questions. If after reading

More information

Mesenteric Angiography

Mesenteric Angiography Information for patients Mesenteric Angiography Sheffield Vascular Institute Northern General Hospital You have been given this leaflet because you need a procedure known as a Mesenteric Angiogram. This

More information

CPT Radiology Codes Requiring Review by AIM Effective 01/01/2016

CPT Radiology Codes Requiring Review by AIM Effective 01/01/2016 CPT Radiology Codes Requiring Review by AIM Effective 01/01/2016 When a service is authorized only one test per group is payable. *Secondary codes or add-on codes do not require preauthorization or separate

More information

Understanding sarcoma: a new patient s guide. The bone & soft tissue cancer charity

Understanding sarcoma: a new patient s guide. The bone & soft tissue cancer charity Understanding sarcoma: a new patient s guide The bone & soft tissue cancer charity About this booklet This booklet is aimed at anyone who has recently been diagnosed with sarcoma cancer. It explains what

More information

Hitachi Healthcare Company - Our Strategy and Opportunities -

Hitachi Healthcare Company - Our Strategy and Opportunities - Innovative collaboration for better healthcare [Session III: Some tools for the future healthcare system] Hitachi Healthcare Company - Our Strategy and Opportunities - Masahiro Kitano Senior Vice President

More information

A Patient s Guide to Minimally Invasive Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair

A Patient s Guide to Minimally Invasive Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair A Patient s Guide to Minimally Invasive Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair Table of Contents The AFX Endovascular AAA System............................................ 1 What is an Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

More information

Lymphoma Cancer Treatment

Lymphoma Cancer Treatment Scan for mobile link. Lymphoma Cancer Treatment What is Lymphoma? Lymphoma is a cancer that develops in the white blood cells (lymphocytes) of the lymphatic system, which is part of the body s immune system.

More information

MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging:

MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging: MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging: Like CT, MRI produces detailed cross sectional images of body regions. However the physical principles of image acquisition are different and very complicated. The following

More information

MRI of the Body (Chest, Abdomen, Pelvis) 1

MRI of the Body (Chest, Abdomen, Pelvis) 1 http://www.radiologyinfo.org MRI of the Body (Chest, Abdomen, Pelvis) This procedure is reviewed by a physician with expertise in the area presented and is further reviewed by committees from the American

More information

This handout is for informational purposes only. Talk with your doctor or health care team if you have any questions about your care.

This handout is for informational purposes only. Talk with your doctor or health care team if you have any questions about your care. PATIENT EDUCATION patienteducation.osumc.edu What is the esophagus? The esophagus (food pipe) is a tube that connects your throat to your stomach. It is about 10 inches long and runs behind your trachea

More information

Spine University s Guide to Vertebral Osteonecrosis (Kummel's Disease)

Spine University s Guide to Vertebral Osteonecrosis (Kummel's Disease) Spine University s Guide to Vertebral Osteonecrosis (Kummel's Disease) 2 Introduction Kummel's disease is a collapse of the vertebrae (the bones that make up the spine). It is also called vertebral osteonecrosis.

More information

COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY (CT) SCAN

COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY (CT) SCAN COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY (CT) SCAN Patient Information Leaflet Introduction We have received a request from your referring doctor for you to have a CT scan. This leaflet is designed to give you some information

More information

Test Request Tip Sheet

Test Request Tip Sheet With/Without Contrast CT, MRI Studies should NOT be ordered simultaneously as dual studies (i.e., with and without contrast). Radiation exposure is doubled and both views are rarely necessary. The study

More information

Positron Emission Tomography - Computed Tomography (PET/CT)

Positron Emission Tomography - Computed Tomography (PET/CT) Scan for mobile link. Positron Emission Tomography - Computed Tomography (PET/CT) Positron emission tomography (PET) uses small amounts of radioactive materials called radiotracers, a special camera and

More information

Imaging Technology. Diagnostic Medical Sonographer, Dosimetrist, Nuclear Medicine Technologist, Radiation Therapist, Radiologic Technologist

Imaging Technology. Diagnostic Medical Sonographer, Dosimetrist, Nuclear Medicine Technologist, Radiation Therapist, Radiologic Technologist Imaging Technology Diagnostic Medical Sonographer, Dosimetrist, Nuclear Medicine Technologist, Radiation Therapist, Radiologic Technologist Diagnostic Medical Sonographer, Dosimetrist Diagnostic Medical

More information

International Day of Radiology 2014 Interview on brain imaging Hungary / Dr. Péter Barsi

International Day of Radiology 2014 Interview on brain imaging Hungary / Dr. Péter Barsi International Day of Radiology 2014 Interview on brain imaging Hungary / Dr. Péter Barsi The ESR spoke with by Dr. Péter Barsi, consultant neuroradiologist at Semmelweis University in Pécs, Hungary, about

More information

Extrahepatic bile duct cancer is a rare disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the part of bile duct that is outside the liver.

Extrahepatic bile duct cancer is a rare disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the part of bile duct that is outside the liver. EXTRAHEPATIC BILE DUCT CANCER General Information Extrahepatic bile duct cancer is a rare disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the part of bile duct that is outside the liver. A network of

More information

UW MEDICINE PATIENT EDUCATION. Aortic Stenosis. What is heart valve disease? What is aortic stenosis?

UW MEDICINE PATIENT EDUCATION. Aortic Stenosis. What is heart valve disease? What is aortic stenosis? UW MEDICINE PATIENT EDUCATION Aortic Stenosis Causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment This handout describes aortic stenosis, a narrowing of the aortic valve in your heart. It also explains how this

More information

Information Pathway. Myeloma tests and investigations. Paraprotein measurement

Information Pathway. Myeloma tests and investigations. Paraprotein measurement Information Pathway Myeloma UK Broughton House 31 Dunedin Street Edinburgh EH7 4JG Tel: + 44 (0) 131 557 3332 Fax: + 44 (0) 131 557 9785 Myeloma Infoline 0800 980 3332 www.myeloma.org.uk Charity No. SC

More information

Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA)

Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA) Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA) A Detailed Look at Your Blood Vessels What Is MRA? MRA (magnetic resonance angiography) is a test that creates detailed pictures of your blood vessels. It uses a large

More information

The Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine (IPEM)

The Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine (IPEM) The Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine (IPEM) This talk will overview how to apply your current studies towards a career in Medical Physics or Medical Engineering. IPEM is the UK Professional

More information

2013 CPT Code and Physician Work RVU Changes Relevant to Neuroradiology

2013 CPT Code and Physician Work RVU Changes Relevant to Neuroradiology and Changes Relevant to Neuroradiology The Changes and Relative Value Units (RVUs) have been released with an effective date of January 1,. Note: The below physician work RVUs reflect the national payment

More information

Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Magnetic Resonance Imaging Magnetic Resonance Imaging A guide for patients and their families We care, we discover, we teach What is an MRI scan? Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) combines a powerful magnet and radio waves with a

More information

Critical Care, Theatre & Diagnostics Introducing the PET-CT service at Denmark Hill

Critical Care, Theatre & Diagnostics Introducing the PET-CT service at Denmark Hill Critical Care, Theatre & Diagnostics Introducing the PET-CT service at Denmark Hill Information for referrers and healthcare professionals 1 Why choose King s College Hospital (KCH) department of Nuclear

More information

Having an MRI scan. Children s Ward Patient Information Leaflet

Having an MRI scan. Children s Ward Patient Information Leaflet Having an MRI scan Children s Ward Patient Information Leaflet Introduction This leaflet is for people who are having an MRI scan. It tells you what the scan involves, the benefits and risks of having

More information

Diagnostic Imaging Prior Review Code List 3 rd Quarter 2016

Diagnostic Imaging Prior Review Code List 3 rd Quarter 2016 Computerized Tomography (CT) Abdomen 6 Abdomen/Pelvis Combination 101 Service 74150 CT abdomen; w/o 74160 CT abdomen; with 74170 CT abdomen; w/o followed by 74176 Computed tomography, abdomen and pelvis;

More information

Patient Information Sheet Safety Aspects of CT scans

Patient Information Sheet Safety Aspects of CT scans Patient Information Sheet Safety Aspects of CT scans Radiation exposure in CT examinations What are X rays and what do they do Measuring radiation dose Naturally occurring background radiation exposure

More information

NEW HYBRID IMAGING TECHNOLOGY MAY HAVE BIG POTENTIAL FOR IMPROVING DIAGNOSIS OF PROSTATE CANCER

NEW HYBRID IMAGING TECHNOLOGY MAY HAVE BIG POTENTIAL FOR IMPROVING DIAGNOSIS OF PROSTATE CANCER Media Release April 7, 2009 For Immediate Release NEW HYBRID IMAGING TECHNOLOGY MAY HAVE BIG POTENTIAL FOR IMPROVING DIAGNOSIS OF PROSTATE CANCER London, Ontario Improved hybrid imaging techniques developed

More information

Total Body MRI At Kingsbidge Private Hospital

Total Body MRI At Kingsbidge Private Hospital Total Body MRI At Kingsbidge Private Hospital 3fivetwo.com PART OF THE 3FIVETWO GROUP BECAUSE LIFE MATTERS Total Body MRI Total body MRI is a safe, painless, comprehensive screening technique used worldwide.

More information

What Is a Stroke? From the Cerebrovascular Imaging and Interventions Committee of the American Heart Association Cardiovascular Radiology Council

What Is a Stroke? From the Cerebrovascular Imaging and Interventions Committee of the American Heart Association Cardiovascular Radiology Council What Is a Stroke? From the Cerebrovascular Imaging and Interventions Committee of the American Heart Association Cardiovascular Radiology Council Randall T. Higashida, M.D., Chair 1 What Is a Stroke? From

More information

POTENTIAL LIVING LIVER DONOR CANDIDATES CAN HAVE SIMPLE NEW SCREENING TESTS

POTENTIAL LIVING LIVER DONOR CANDIDATES CAN HAVE SIMPLE NEW SCREENING TESTS Media Contact:Diane Shnitzler (703) 691-1805 10201 Lee Highway Suite 500 Fairfax, Virginia 22030 703.691.1805 703.691.1855 fax www.sirweb.org info@sirweb.org For release Tuesday, March 6, 2001 AT A GLANCE

More information

Nuclear Medicine Scientific/Technological fact sheet

Nuclear Medicine Scientific/Technological fact sheet Students material Medical Imaging The Glass Patient Nuclear Medicine Scientific/Technological fact sheet Introduction Suppose we want to find bone tumours. These are difficult to detect with a CT scanner,

More information

Preparation iagnostic Medical Sonographer Overview"

Preparation iagnostic Medical Sonographer Overview Diagnostic Medical Sonographer Overview The Field - Preparation - Specialty Areas - Day in the Life - Earnings - Employment - Career Path Forecast - Professional Organizations The Field Diagnostic imaging

More information

Carotid Artery Disease

Carotid Artery Disease Carotid Artery Disease Circulating the Facts About Peripheral Vascular Disease Brought to you by the Education Committee of the Society for Vascular Nursing 1 www.svnnet.org Carotid Artery Disease This

More information

CPT * Codes Included in AIM Preauthorization Program for 2013 With Grouper Numbers

CPT * Codes Included in AIM Preauthorization Program for 2013 With Grouper Numbers CPT * Codes Included in AIM Preauthorization Program for 2013 With Grouper Numbers Computerized Tomography (CT) CPT Description Abdomen 74150 CT abdomen; w/o contrast 6 74160 CT abdomen; with contrast

More information

Chronic Low Back Pain

Chronic Low Back Pain Chronic Low Back Pain North American Spine Society Public Education Series What is Chronic Pain? Low back pain is considered to be chronic if it has been present for longer than three months. Chronic low

More information

Horton General Hospital Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) and Pulmonary Embolism (PE) Information for patients

Horton General Hospital Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) and Pulmonary Embolism (PE) Information for patients Horton General Hospital Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) and Pulmonary Embolism (PE) Information for patients What is a Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)? A DVT is a blood clot which forms in a deep vein, usually in

More information

Thyroid Cancer. This reference summary will help you better understand what thyroid cancer is and what treatment options are available.

Thyroid Cancer. This reference summary will help you better understand what thyroid cancer is and what treatment options are available. Thyroid Cancer Introduction The thyroid is a gland in the neck. Thyroid cancer is a common type of cancer. It accounts for 1% to 5% of cancer cases worldwide. As medical technology advances, more cases

More information

Radiation therapy involves using many terms you may have never heard before. Below is a list of words you could hear during your treatment.

Radiation therapy involves using many terms you may have never heard before. Below is a list of words you could hear during your treatment. Dictionary Radiation therapy involves using many terms you may have never heard before. Below is a list of words you could hear during your treatment. Applicator A device used to hold a radioactive source

More information

Application of Ultrasound, MRI and PET in Cardiac Disease Diagnosis

Application of Ultrasound, MRI and PET in Cardiac Disease Diagnosis Application of Ultrasound, MRI and PET in Cardiac Disease Diagnosis Zarina Che Amin Ultrasound is defined as sound above the hearing range of normal human and similar to audible sound. Ultrasound provides

More information

The causes of kidney cancer are unknown. However, there are several factors that may increase your risk including:

The causes of kidney cancer are unknown. However, there are several factors that may increase your risk including: Kidney cancer Summary Kidney cancer is more common in people over the age of 55 years. Most kidney cancers are found when the doctor is checking for something else. A person is usually able to live quite

More information

RADIOLOGY HOUSE STAFF MANUAL

RADIOLOGY HOUSE STAFF MANUAL RADIOLOGY HOUSE STAFF MANUAL The Department of Radiology offers a wide range of services/procedures and operates 12 divisions/sections, which are listed separately below. The procedures offered are listed

More information

53 X-rays and Diagnostic Radiology

53 X-rays and Diagnostic Radiology Learning Outcomes 53.1 Explain how x-rays are used for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. 53-2 CHAPTER 53 X-rays and Diagnostic Radiology 53.2 Compare invasive and noninvasive diagnostic procedures.

More information

RADIATION THERAPY FOR LYMPHOMA. Facts to Help Patients Make an Informed Decision TARGETING CANCER CARE AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR RADIATION ONCOLOGY

RADIATION THERAPY FOR LYMPHOMA. Facts to Help Patients Make an Informed Decision TARGETING CANCER CARE AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR RADIATION ONCOLOGY RADIATION THERAPY FOR Facts to Help Patients Make an Informed Decision TARGETING CANCER CARE AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR RADIATION ONCOLOGY FACTS ABOUT The lymphatic system is a network of tiny vessels extending

More information

SPINE ANATOMY AND PROCEDURES. Tulsa Spine & Specialty Hospital 6901 S. Olympia Avenue Tulsa, Oklahoma 74132

SPINE ANATOMY AND PROCEDURES. Tulsa Spine & Specialty Hospital 6901 S. Olympia Avenue Tulsa, Oklahoma 74132 SPINE ANATOMY AND PROCEDURES Tulsa Spine & Specialty Hospital 6901 S. Olympia Avenue Tulsa, Oklahoma 74132 SPINE ANATOMY The spine consists of 33 bones called vertebrae. The top 7 are cervical, or neck

More information

CT Angiography (CTA) What is CT Angiography?

CT Angiography (CTA) What is CT Angiography? Scan for mobile link. CT Angiography (CTA) Computed tomography angiography (CTA) uses an injection of iodine-rich contrast material and CT scanning to help diagnose and evaluate blood vessel disease or

More information

C1 Medical Imaging Modalities & Characteristics. 4005-759 Linwei Wang

C1 Medical Imaging Modalities & Characteristics. 4005-759 Linwei Wang C1 Medical Imaging Modalities & Characteristics 4005-759 Linwei Wang Major Types of Medical Imaging Modalities X-ray Imaging Computed Tomography (CT) Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Nuclear Imaging Positron

More information

Introduction Breast cancer is cancer that starts in the cells of the breast. Breast cancer happens mainly in women. But men can get it too.

Introduction Breast cancer is cancer that starts in the cells of the breast. Breast cancer happens mainly in women. But men can get it too. Male Breast Cancer Introduction Breast cancer is cancer that starts in the cells of the breast. Breast cancer happens mainly in women. But men can get it too. Many people do not know that men can get breast

More information

Chapter 5 X-ray imaging 5.1 The physics of diagnostic X-rays

Chapter 5 X-ray imaging 5.1 The physics of diagnostic X-rays Chapter 5 X-ray imaging 5.1 The physics of diagnostic X-rays Learning objectives: How are X-rays produced in an X-ray tube? How is the energy of the photons from an X-ray tube controlled? Why are photons

More information

The Lewin Group undertook the following steps to identify the guidelines relevant to the 11 targeted procedures:

The Lewin Group undertook the following steps to identify the guidelines relevant to the 11 targeted procedures: Guidelines The following is a list of proposed medical specialty guidelines that have been found for the 11 targeted procedures to be included in the Medicare Imaging Demonstration. The list includes only

More information

Disease/Illness GUIDE TO ASBESTOS LUNG CANCER. What Is Asbestos Lung Cancer? www.simpsonmillar.co.uk Telephone 0844 858 3200

Disease/Illness GUIDE TO ASBESTOS LUNG CANCER. What Is Asbestos Lung Cancer? www.simpsonmillar.co.uk Telephone 0844 858 3200 GUIDE TO ASBESTOS LUNG CANCER What Is Asbestos Lung Cancer? Like tobacco smoking, exposure to asbestos can result in the development of lung cancer. Similarly, the risk of developing asbestos induced lung

More information

CT scan. Turnberg Building Radiology

CT scan. Turnberg Building Radiology CT scan Turnberg Building Radiology 1 0161 206 1233 All Rights Reserved 2015. Document for issue as handout. What is a CT Scan? CT stands for Computed Tomography. A CT scan is a type of x-ray examination

More information

Oncology and haematology clinical trials Information for patients at St Thomas Hospital

Oncology and haematology clinical trials Information for patients at St Thomas Hospital Oncology and haematology clinical trials Information for patients at St Thomas Hospital Contents p.2 Contents p.4 Welcome p.4 Meet the team p.6 Where will my appointment be? p.8 Tests and treatments and

More information

Computed Tomography (CT) - Spine

Computed Tomography (CT) - Spine Scan for mobile link. Computed Tomography (CT) - Spine Computed tomography (CT) of the spine is a diagnostic imaging test used to help diagnose or rule out spinal column damage in injured patients. CT

More information