Presented by Gary Davis, Director, Office of Systems Development NOAA/NESDIS/OSD. Fifty Years of Achievement

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1 NOAA s Environmental Satellite Program: Past, Present, and Future Presented by Gary Davis, Director, Office of Systems Development NOAA/NESDIS/OSD 1

2 Space-Based Remote Sensors Changed Way We See Our World Explorer Launch GOES-12 East TIROS-1 NOAA-18 2

3 Birth Of U.S. Weather Satellite Program Traces back to the Department of Defense (DoD) rocket, sensor, and satellite development projects beginning the decade following World War II With little theory and very little experience available to guide these projects, DoD development teams learned their space trade on the job, often resulting from analyses of catastrophic failures DoD developed instruments to measure atmospheric conditions that the rockets were encountering as they were propelled to then extraordinary altitudes Measurements recovered from salvaged recorders or from radio transmissions were the basis for meteorological satellites research Still cameras became part of the payload and recovered film depicted images of the Earth s surface and cloud cover from space 3

4 Birth Of U.S. Weather Satellite Program 3 Nov 1957 Soviet Union launched Sputnik 2 7 Nov 1957 President Dwight Eisenhower named James Killian, Special Assistant for Science and Technology and Chairman of the President's Science Advisory Committee 5 Mar 1958 Advisory Committee on Government Organization re-designated the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) and approved to lead civil space President Eisenhower and James Killian 27 Mar 1958 Eisenhower approved plan for outer space exploration. Advanced Research Project Agency (ARPA) designated to undertake several space projects. 2 Apr 1958 Eisenhower proposed establishment of NASA, into which NACA was absorbed, to perform space research for civilian and military programs 29 Jul 1958 The National Aeronautics and Space Act was signed (PL ) established NASA 30 Jan 1964 Basic agreement between NASA and U.S. Weather Bureau created a National Operational Meteorological Satellite System. 4

5 Two Credible Space Agencies: NASA and DoD Research and development efforts to improve space capabilities and better data interpretation May 1961 President Kennedy announces US intention to conduct an operational weather satellite programs day and night observations of global cloud cover open broadcasts of the information collected by the on-board sensors Broadcasts to be available for collection by any ground station in line of sight of the satellite without restriction on the collection and use or any requirement to pre-notify the United States 5

6 WAS : Rockets and Cameras View of Earth from a camera on V-2 #13, launched October 24,

7 WAS : Rockets and Cameras July 26,

8 WAS : Rockets and Cameras Sounding rocket launched at 1815 GMT on October 5, 1954 from White Sands, New Mexico First Cyclone seen from space. 8

9 Pioneers of Earth s Observation Dr. Tetsuya Ted Fujita Dr. David Johnson Dr. Harry Wexler Professor Suomi Now the clouds move and not the satellite. Professor Suomi reaction to the images taken from the first spin scan cloud camera Dr. Francis W. Reichelderfer, 9

10 Long-Time Friends Johnson authorized ~ $75K to be used to built spin scan camera. Joint collaboration to sell NASA to take the risk and fly the first camera on ATS-1! Handshake agreement between Suomi and Johnson moved 8 families to the Madison from the Washington Lab. Professor Suomi Johnson and Suomi argued the necessity of an Inorbit backup and two-satellite system in polar and geostationary orbits. (defense of the 1984 budget to Congress) Dr. David Johnson 10

11 David S Johnson Director, National Environmental Satellite Center, Environmental Science Services Administration First Assistant Administrator, NOAA for Satellites and Data President, American Meteorological Society Led delegation opening dialogue with the State Meteorological Administration of the Peoples Republic of China Chair National Academy of Sciences Committee to modernize the NWS Consultant to the Secretary General of WMO Special Assistant to the President of the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research Study Director, National Research Council NOAA David Johnson Award recognizing young professionals for innovative applications of Earth observation data 11

12 Explorer VII October 13, 1959 Professors Suomi and Parent pose with the Explorer VII satellite. The black ball is part of their heat budget experiment. 12

13 Exciting Moment in NOAA 13

14 Exciting Moment in NOAA First weather satellite launched from Cape Canaveral, FL 77 Days Satellite Weight: 122 kg Payload: Two TV cameras, two video recorders, and the power, communications, and other systems needed First view of cloud formations as they developed and moved across the continent 14

15 A Period of Phenomenal Remote Sensing Discovery and Development Late 1960s and early 1970s NASA and NOAA developed a relationship NASA developed the environmental satellite technology for NOAA NASA received from NOAA insights concerning the conduct of daily satellite operations, data processing, and timely delivery of products, as well as application of these data. NOAA reimbursed NASA for personnel and other costs incurred helping NOAA meet its space mission General and specific agreements governed the relationship, responsibilities, and costs of the support provided to NOAA NOAA was charged with determining civilian user satellite services requirements specifying the required system performance obtaining the funds to build, launch and operate the satellite/ground systems NASA was charged with Building and launching prototypes (ATS, SMS, NIMBUS, TIROS-N, etc) Acquiring and launching operational satellites for NOAA 15

16 Polar Satellites 1965 First complete view of the world s weather (TIROS-9) Jan TIROS-1 TIROS-9 NIMBUS TIROS-N NOAA COSMIC NPP NPOESS Fifty NOAA 1-11 Years of Achievement DMSP Jason 16 OSVW OCO Wind Lidar

17 NOAA-19 Satellite Launch NOAA-19 Delta II 7320 Space Launch Complex 2, Vandenberg AFB Feb. 6, :22 GMT 43 U.S. Polar-orbiting weather/environmental satellites launched TIROS ESSA ITOS TIROS-N/NOAA to present

18 GOES-14 LAUNCH Launched on June 27, 2009 at 6:51pm EDT aboard a Delta-IV rocket from Space Launch Complex (SLC) 37B at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida. GOES-O reached final geostationary orbit on July 8, 2009 at which time GOES-O was be renamed GOES U.S. Geostationary weather/environmental satellites launched SMS GOES to Present ATS 1-3 Fifty SMS-1/2 Years of GOES Achievement I-M GOES NOP GOES R-U GOES A-H For Official Use Only Predecisional, Deliberative Information - Not for Public Release 18

19 Where are We Going? NPOESS and GOES-R More timely and accurate 305 day weather forecasts Longer lead time for severe weather warnings Continue data sets needed for climate research Jason-3 Ocean Vector Winds Mission (QuikScat) GPS Radio Occultations Restoring demanifested Climate Sensors (CERES, TSIS, APS, OMPS) Solar Wind Partnering with NASA on other areas Decadal Survey Joint Center for Satellite Simulation 19

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