The Benefits and Challenges in Global Meteorological Satellite Data Sharing

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1 The Benefits and Challenges in Global Meteorological Satellite Data Sharing Ninghai Sun and Fuzhong Weng Center for Satellite Applica0ons and Research Na0onal Oceanic and Atmospheric Administra0on Presented at CANS 2014, New York University September 17, 2014 * Presenta0on contents are solely the opinions of the author(s) and do not cons0tute a statement of policy, decision, or posi0on on behalf of NOAA or the U. S. Government

2 Outline Introduc0on to NOAA satellite programs Benefits and challenges of global meteorological satellite sharing NOAA s efforts on global meteorological satellite datasets sharing Path forward Page 2

3 NOAA Satellite InformaBon Services Page 3

4 NOAA Satellite ApplicaBon Weather analysis, warnings and predic0ons Climate monitoring and predic0on Environmental hazards monitoring Oceanic monitoring and predic0on Vegeta0on, agricultural, and hydrological applica0ons Atmospheric, oceanic, and climate research Page 4

5 Satellite ConstellaBon Page 5

6 US Meteorological Satellite Plan Polar OrbiBng Page 6

7 US Meteorological Satellite Plan - GeostaBonary Page 7

8 NOAA Satellite Program Partners Opera0onal Satellite Programs POES/JPSS, GOES/GOES- R, EUMETSAT METOP, DoD DMSP JASON, JAXA GCOM, COSMIC (GPS), MODIS, etc NASA Collabora0ve work on new satellite science, JPSS and Decadal Survey Missions Coopera0ve Ins0tutes NOAA s academic and research partners Interna0onal Missions Provide opportuni0es to leverage addi0onal satellite data (EUMETSAT, ESA, JAX, ISRO, etc.) Page 8

9 Global Meteorological Satellite Data Sharing Improved satellite products to observe climate variability and trends, and to support reanalysis projects. Improved detec0on of climate trends, by trying en0re inter- calibrated system to absolute SI standards and ensuring that any drie of the en0re inter- calibrated system truly reflects changes of the Earth System Improved u0lity (ease of use) of satellite radiances in NWP Improved accuracy of the global medium range and regional severe weather forecasts Reduced cost- benefit ra0o from an op0mized global system of satellites Fill the orbital observa0onal gaps lee by US satellite polar orbi0ng satellites Serve as backup for US satellites in case of our mission failure Page 9

10 Global Meteorological Satellite Data Sharing Increased numbers of research and interna0onal satellites and sensors Mul0- Spectral, Mul0 Sensor, Mul0 Plahorm (satellite, In- situ, Model) capabili0es More sophis0cated and NEW product applica0ons WITH integrated, merged, and blended products Climate from Space unique challenge Con0nuity of Observa0on Record Long- term reanalysis Calibra0on and inter- calibra0on among satellites Support interna0onal commitments (GEOSS, CEOS, GEO, WMO, etc.) Access to high performance and super- compu0ng resources Long- term Science Maintenance (Life cycle algorithm support) Drive to maximum efficiency Develop Enterprise- wide solu0ons Re- use and leverage capabili0es Repeatable, efficient and consistent processes Page 10

11 Global Meteorological Satellite Data Sharing Co- ordina0on Group of Meteorological Satellites (CGMS) XXXIII WMO- WP- 21 presented a drae concept and strategy for a Global Space- based Inter- calibra0on System (GSICS) Ac0on 33.15: CGMS Members to establish a Task Force lead by NESDIS (Mitch Goldberg) with par0cipa0on by EUMETSAT (Johannes Schmetz), JMA (Toshiyuki Kurino), CMA (Xu Jianmin) and assisted by the WMO Space Programme to prepare a drae Implementa0on Plan for GSICS by 1 July 2006 for review by CGMS Members by 1 August 2006 and approval at CGMS XXXIV. Page 11

12 Global Space- based Inter- CalibraBon System September 15-17, 2014 Page 12

13 NOAA- JMA Himawari- 8 Data DistribuBon Plan Page 13

14 NOAA- JMA Himawari- 8 Data Flow Plan Himawari-8/9 Existing Silver Spring Coms Center Existing Routers, Switches Security Systems Contractor for Operations Internet2 NOAA Networks Meteorological Satellite Center (MSC/JMA) Processing Systems Distribution Systems Network Router/Switch Existing Ingest Systems NESDIS Systems (S)FTP(S) Receive/Send Processing & Reformatting Systems NWS Network New Cloud Storage Service Provider (S)FTP(S) Distribution Systems Network Router/Switch New New Internet SINET NWS Systems Processing Systems Page 14

15 Chinese Feng- Yun (FY) Series Satellite Plan Page 15

16 Chinese Feng- Yun (FY) Series Satellite Plan FY Polar OperaBonal Satellite Program Mid- Morning Orbit A.ernoon Orbit FY 3A FY 3B FY 3C FY 3D FY 3E FY 3F Opera0onal beyond design life Page 16

17 Chinese Feng- Yun (FY) Series Satellite Plan Instrument Name (US Proxy) FY- 3C Payloads ( ) Instrument Full Name VIRR (AVHRR) IRAS (HIRS) MWTS (AMSU- A) MWHS (MHS) MERSI (VIIRS) SBUS (SBUV- 2) TOU (OMI) MWRI (AMSRE, GMI) GNOS (GRAS) SRM (TSIS) ERM (CERES) SEM Visible and InfraRed Radiometer InfraRed Atmospheric Sounder MicroWave Temperature Sounder MicroWave Humidity Sounder MEdium Resolu0on Spectral Imager Solar Backscaoer Ultraviolet Sounder Total Ozone Unit Microwave Radia0on Imager GNSS Occulta0on Sounder Solar Radia0on Monitor Earth Radia0on Measurement Space Environment Monitor Page 17

18 NOAA- CMA Satellite Data Exchange Experiment Ø CMA Connects to CSTnet via 1Gbps access line Ø CSTnet links with GLORIAD (Global Ring Network for Advanced Applications 1Gbps CSTnet GLORIAD Development ) Ø Real connection speed is close to T-1 line (1.5 Mb/ PC Server Sec) Page 18

19 Path Forward Strengthen interna0onal collabora0on Build global meteorological satellite data center Storage Distribu0on Security Speed Improve NOAA- CMA satellite data exchange plan Security Timeliness Page 19

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