INTRODUCTION TO DRAMA UNIT 4

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1 INTRODUCTION TO DRAMA UNIT 4

2 DRAMA Drama: composition in prose form that presents a story entirely told in dialogue and action, and written with the intention of its eventual performance before an audience. Remember, both literature and theater can be classified as drama. There are several types of drama, but we will focus on two types.

3 TYPES OF DRAMA Tragedy A type of drama where characters experience misfortune. Catastrophe and suffering await many of the characters, especially the main characters. Comedy A type of drama where characters experience misfortune, but in a funny way, Things work out happily in the end. Can be characterized as romantic or satiric. Romantic: has a tone of tolerance or warmth. Satiric: portrays a darker image of human nature or points our human follies.

4 ELEMENTS OF DRAMA: PLOT Plot: is the form and structure of the action and the arrangement of incidents in a story or play. Plot is the only aspect of the story which takes place on stage and which is revealed to the audience through dramatic action and dialogue of the characters.

5 ELEMENTS OF DRAMA: CHARACTERS Character: a person, animal or entity in a story. The hopes and struggles of the characters drive the plot. Like prose, the different character types apply. Protagonist/antagonist Main/Minor Round/Flat Dynamic/Static Foils Comic Relief

6 ELEMENTS OF DRAMA: SETTING Setting: is the time and place the events occur. In drama the setting is usually revealed in preliminary descriptions.

7 ELEMENTS OF DRAMA: THEME Theme: statement of life the story or play is trying to make.

8 ELEMENTS OF DRAMA: IRONY Drama has two types of irony: Irony: the expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect. Dramatic irony: a literary technique, originally used in Greek tragedy, by which the full significance of a character's words or actions are clear to the audience or reader although unknown to the character.

9 ELEMENTS OF DRAMA: SYMBOL Symbol: a thing that represents or stands for something else, especially a material object representing something abstract. In drama look for names, actions, and objects as symbols.

10 ELEMENTS OF DRAMA: STYLE Style: mode of expression or presentation of the play which points out the playwright s position or viewpoint on life.

11 WHAT MAKES DRAMA DIFFERENT THAN PROSE? Although drama shares many similarities with prose, it also differs in many ways. Dramas/Plays include: A script: written text of the play. Props: things, or items, that the actors/characters use to play their part. Stage directions: directs the characters in how to act and show their feelings. Speeches

12 SPEECHES IN DRAMA Drama has a few different types of speeches that the characters typically use to provide more drama, or humor, to the story and play. These include: Dialogue Monologue Soliloquy Aside

13 SPEECHES IN DRAMA: DIALOGUE Dialogue: conversation between two or more people as a feature of a book, play, or movie.

14 SPEECHES IN DRAMA: MONOLOGUE Monologue: a speech made by one character in a play, usually as a part of dialogue with another character.

15 SPEECHES IN DRAMA: SOLILOQUY Soliloquy: a long speech expressing a character's thoughts; character is alone on stage. Think of these as a character s private thoughts that the reader, or audience gets to hear.

16 SPEECHES IN DRAMA: ASIDE Aside: a short speech delivered by an actor expressing a character's thoughts; directed to an audience.

17 THE GLOBE THEATER

18

19 HISTORY In 1586 actor-manager James Burbage built The Globe Theatre in the east end of London. After James Burbage died his sons Cuthbert and Richard, offered some members of the company shares in the building. Shakespeare was one of four actors who bought a share in the Globe. By early 1599 the theatre was up and running and for 14 years it thrived, presenting many of Shakespeare s greatest plays. Info found at shakespearesglobe.com

20 THE GLOBE TODAY The project to rebuild Shakespeare s Globe was initiated by the American actor, director and producer Sam Wanamaker after his first visit to London in Other than concessions, additional exits to comply with modern day fire regulations have been added, as well as illuminated signage, fire retardant materials and some modern backstage machinery. The Globe is as accurate a reconstruction of the 1599 Globe as was possible with the available evidence. If you visit London you can still attend famous Shakespeare plays at the Globe!

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