Units of Study 9th Grade

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1 Units of Study 9th Grade First Semester Theme: The Journey Second Semester Theme: Choices The Big Ideas in English Language Arts that drive instruction: Independent thinkers construct meaning through language. Through literacy experiences, we discover personal values, build self-awareness, and gain an appreciation of a variety of perspectives to have a more meaningful and enjoyable life. English Language Arts helps us use a variety of literacy experiences to gain insight and effectively express ourselves to the world. Year at a Glance Title Writing Assessed through Semester 1 Note: Units are of varying lengths, not equal 6-week units. 1 st Unit Journeys Literary Analysis (extended analytical paragraph) Practice TAKS 2 nd Unit Journeys Personal Essay Common Assessments Literary Elements: conflict (external and internal), setting, characterization, protagonist, antagonist (See District Rubric) (process writing) 3 rd Unit Journeys Literary forms such as short stories and poetry (process writing) Literary Elements: point of view, flashback, foreshadowing Sound Devices: rhyme, onomatopoeia, alliteration Literary Element: plot Semester 2 Note: Research Paper must be completed and assessed by the second semester. 4 th Unit Choices Short Answer Responses Main Idea Inferencing Author's purpose Textual Evidence Viewing and Representing 5 th Unit Choices Literary Analysis (multi-paragraph analytical essay) (See District Rubric) Sentence Structures Inquiry/Research Research Paper (Thesis/ Support) Research Presentation

2 Unit 1 TOPIC: Journeys BIG IDEA: Great literature utilizes literary elements to create layers of meaning. Proficient readers analyze these elements to deeply understand the text. : Writing: Literary Analysis (extended analytical paragraph) Literary Elements: conflict (external and internal), setting, characterization (dynamic and static), protagonist/antagonist : 9.11A recognize/compare and contrast elements of texts such as themes, conflicts, and allusions both within and across texts 9.11B analyze the relevance of setting and time frame to text s meaning 9.11C analyze characters and identify time and point of view 9.11D/E describe and analyze the development of plot and identify conflicts and how they are addressed and resolved 9.1B write in a voice and style appropriate to audience and purpose 9.1C organize ideas to enhance style and voice (Practice TAKS) Literary analysis requires textual evidence to be valid. How can reading and writing experiences allow us to journey through the world? How do literary elements affect the meaning of a piece of literature? How do I find appropriate textual evidence to support my ideas? How do I write an effective literary analysis? Effective literary analysis must be supported with textual evidence Conflict The external conflicts in writing are man against man, man against nature, man against society. Internal conflicts in writing are man against himself, man against morals and values. Setting the time and place in which events in a short story, novel, play, or narrative poem take place Characterization A dynamic character changes and develops as the story progresses. A static character does not change throughout the story s events. Protagonist the central character of a drama, novel, short story, or narrative poem Antagonist the character who stands directly opposed to the protagonist Analyze conflict, setting, characterization, and protagonist/antagonist within pieces of literature and discuss how they contribute to the meaning and the effectiveness of each piece. Write an extended analytical paragraph that focuses on the effect of a literary element on a piece of text and supports the analysis with textual evidence. Take Practice TAKS test.

3 Unit 2 TOPIC: Journeys BIG IDEA: Through literacy experiences, we can explore the thoughts and beliefs of others as well as clarify our own. Writing: Personal Essay Literary Terms: point of view, flashback, foreshadowing : focus and coherence, organization, idea development, voice, conventions 9.11A recognize/compare and contrast elements of texts such as themes, conflicts, and allusions both within and across texts 9.11C analyze characters and identify time and point of view 9.11D/E describe and analyze the development of plot and identify conflicts and how they are addressed and resolved 9.2 The student uses recursive writing processes when appropriate 9.1B write in a voice and style appropriate to audience and purpose 9.1C organize ideas in writing to ensure coherence, logical progression, and support for ideas 9.5A evaluate writing for both mechanics and content 9.5B respond productively to peer review of his/her own work Writing is a tool for exploring thoughts and beliefs and making new discoveries. By determining successful characteristics in a particular genre, we can also write an effective paper in that genre. To achieve effective writing, a writer must focus on one topic, create an appropriate structure, develop ideas, demonstrate a unique voice and style, and utilize appropriate conventions. Breaking down text and analyzing its elements can help us o Point of view the perspective from which a narrative is told Flashback a scene that interrupts the action of the work to show a previous event Foreshadowing is the use of hints or clues in a narrative to suggest future action. Focus and coherence is choosing an appropriate topic, having a purpose, and a sense of completeness. A cohesive piece of writing carries a theme throughout a piece of writing, tying it all together so that the writing flows and connects. Elaborating in a piece of writing and giving enough examples, explanations, facts, reasons, details, and descriptions to fully support each thought or point is called idea development. Organization occurs when a paper contains a hook or lead, sentence-to-sentence connections, paragraph-toparagraph progression and a closing. The order and logic of the paper makes sense. The personality and distinct way of talking on paper that allow a reader to hear a human personality in a piece of writing is voice. Correct spelling, capitalization, punctuation, and usage are conventions that make certain the meaning is conveyed to the reader accurately. Why is it important to understand others thoughts and beliefs? How can reading and writing help me clarify my own thoughts and beliefs? What purpose do personal essays serve? How do literary elements affect the meaning of a piece of literature? Read various pieces of literary text and analyze point of view, flashback, and foreshadowing and their contribution to the meaning and the effectiveness of the piece. Read models of personal essays and determine characteristics of the genre. Write a personal essay using the writing process.

4 Unit 3 TOPIC: Journeys BIG IDEA: Great literature utilizes literary elements and sound devices to create layers of meaning. Proficient readers analyze these elements to deeply understand the text. Writing: a literary form such as short story, poem, or drama Sound Devices: rhyme, onomatopoeia, alliteration Literary Element: plot, exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution 9.11G recognize and interpret poetic elements like metaphor, simile, personification, and the effect of sound on meaning 9.11A recognize/compare and contrast elements of texts such as themes, conflicts, and allusions both within and across texts 9.11D/E describe and analyze the development of plot and identify conflicts and how they are addressed and resolved 9.2 The student uses recursive writing processes when appropriate 9.1B write in a voice and style appropriate to audience and purpose 9.1C organize ideas in writing to ensure coherence, logical progression, and support for ideas 9.5A evaluate writing for both mechanics and content 9.5B respond productively to peer review of his/her own work Sound devices give rhythm to writing and appeal to the emotions of the reader. To achieve effective writing, a writer must focus on one topic, create an appropriate structure, develop ideas, demonstrate a unique voice and style, and utilize appropriate conventions. A narrative story that uses made up characters, settings or events is called fiction. A short story is a fictional narrative that can usually be read in one sitting. Drama is also called a play. This writing form uses dialogue to share its message and is meant to be performed in front of an audience Poetry is a type of literature where feelings and ideas are expressed in few words. Onomatopoeia is the use of words that mimic the sounds they describe. Rhyme is the repetition of sounds in two or more words or phrases that appear close to each other in a poem. The repetition of initial consonant sounds is alliteration. The plot is the sequence of events or actions in a short story, novel, play, or narrative poem. The exposition is the background information of the story. Rising action is the sequence of events that builds the suspense and leads to the climax. The climax, or turning point in story, is the place of maximum interest and intensity. The falling action occurs after the climax, leading up to the resolution of the story. The resolution is the solution or end of the story, where loose ends are tied up. How do sound devices add to the effectiveness of writing? How does the plot development of a literary piece affect its meaning? How do I find appropriate text to use as support for my analysis? Why are literary forms such as short stories, poems, and drama important? Read various pieces of literary text and analyze plot structure and its contribution to the meaning and effectiveness of each piece. Read various pieces of literary text and analyze the sound devices of rhyme, onomatopoeia, and alliteration and their effect on the meaning and effectiveness of each piece. Read models of short stories, poems, or drama and determine characteristics of the genre. Write a short story, poem, or drama using the writing process.

5 Unit 4 TOPIC: Choices BIG IDEA: To be responsible consumers of products and information, we must be able to determine the purpose of various media forms and their main messages. Writing: Short Answer Responses Reading: Main Idea/ Summary Inferencing Author's Purpose Textual Evidence as support Viewing and Representing: Deconstructing media to get the main message Distinguishing purpose of various media forms A reader must make inferences while reading to better understand the deeper meaning of a text. Readers need to defend analysis and reactions to literature by finding and explaining appropriate textual evidence to support their ideas. All written and media messages are constructed for a specific purpose. Reading Comprehension A main idea is what a paragraph or passage is mostly about or the most important idea the writer is trying to state. A summary is a short restatement of a literary piece which includes the main points and concepts of the selection. Making an inference is using the clues in the text to draw a conclusion, make a prediction, or make a generalization about what you read. The author s purpose is the reason for creating the writing. Authors purposes include to inform, to entertain, and to persuade. Effective literary analysis must be supported with textual evidence. Viewing and Representing Media any tool or technology used for sending and/or receiving messages The purpose of media is the reason for creating the writing. Purposes include to inform, to entertain, to persuade, and to sell. The main message is what the media form is mostly about or the most important idea the creator is trying to convey. 9.7F - identify main ideas and their supporting details 9.7G - summarize texts 9.7H draw inferences such as conclusions, generalizations, and predictions, and support them from text 9.10B use elements of text to defend his/her own responses and interpretations 9.19A describe how meanings are communicated through elements of design, including shape, line, color, and texture 9.19C distinguish the purposes of various media forms such as informative texts, entertaining texts, and advertisements 9.20B deconstruct media to get the main idea of the message s content 9.20C evaluate and critique the persuasive techniques of media messages such as glittering generalities, logical fallacies, and symbols 9.21A examine the effect of media on constructing his/her own perception of reality 9.21C use a range of techniques to plan and create a media text and reflect crucially on the work produced 9.21D create media products to engage specific audiences to include a billboard, cereal box, short editorial, and a 3-minute documentary or print ad 9.12D analyze texts such as editorials, documentaries, and advertisements for bias and use of common persuasive techniques How can developing strong literacy skills help me make better choices in my life? Why is it critically important to analyze media? How do I deconstruct media? How do I find the main idea of a piece of text? How does drawing an inference help me understand the meaning of a text? How do I find appropriate text to use as support for my analysis? What are the most effective techniques and strategies for conveying a media message? Read literary texts to determine main ideas and their supporting details, make inferences, and determine author's purpose. Read literary texts and answer short answer response questions, supporting the analysis with textual evidence. Analyze various media forms to determine purpose and main message.

6 Unit 5 TOPIC: Choices BIG IDEA: Great literature utilizes literary elements to create layers of meaning. Proficient readers analyze these elements to deeply understand the text. Writing: Literary Analysis (multi-paragraph) Sentence Structures: appositive phrase, prepositional phrase 9.10A use elements of text to defend his/her own responses and interpretations 9.3B demonstrate control over grammatical elements such as subjectverb agreement, pronoun-antecedent agreement, verb forms, and parallelism 9.3C compose increasingly more involved sentences that contain gerunds, participles, and infinitives in their various functions Literary analysis requires textual evidence to be valid. Writers use a variety of sentence structures to convey meaning. Good readers read between the lines. An appositive phrase is a sentence part that identifies persons, places, or things. It usually begins with a, an, or the. It answers the questions: Who is this person? What is this place? What is this thing? A prepositional phrase is a group of words that show relationship in a sentence. How can reading about the choices of others help me make good choices in my own life? How do literary elements affect the meaning of a piece of literature? How can I find appropriate textual evidence to support my analysis? What are the characteristics of an effective literary analysis? How does changing the structure of a sentence impact the meaning of a piece of writing? Write an analytical essay that focuses on the effect of a literary element(s) on a piece of text and supports the analysis with textual evidence. Within a piece of writing, use sentence structures that contain appositive phrases and prepositional phrases.

7 Floating Unit TOPIC: Inquiry/ Research BIG IDEA: Inquiry and research help people discover new information, formulate questions, think critically, and develop and defend thoughtful decisions. Writing: Thesis/Support Paper supported by research (Minimum Expectation: 2-4 pages, 3 sources) Research : Paraphrasing Evaluation of Internet Sources Forming essential questions Formulation of thesis MLA format Parenthetical documentation Presentation (See ) Writing is a tool for learning and research. Research helps people make well-informed decisions. Writers must often research in order to write knowledgeably and thoughtfully about a topic. Good People readers must always read document between information the lines. to avoid plagiarizing someone else s work. 9.4A use writing to formulate questions, refine topics, and clarify ideas 9.4B use writing to discover, organize, and support what is known and what needs to be learned about a topic 9.4C compile information from primary and secondary sources in systematic ways using available technology 9.4D represent information in a variety of ways such as graphics, conceptual maps, and learning logs 9.4E use writing as a study tool to clarify and remember information 9.4F compile written ideas and representations into reports, summaries, or other formats and draw conclusions 9.12B evaluate the credibility of information sources, including how the writer s motivation may affect that credibility 9.13A generate relevant, interesting, and researchable questions 9.13B locate appropriate print and non-print information using texts and technical resources, periodicals, and book indices, including databases and the Internet 9.13C organize and convert information into different forms such as charts, graphs, and drawings 9.13D - adapt researched material for presentation to different audience and for different purposes, and cite sources completely 9.13E draw conclusions from the information gathered 9.16A - use the conventions of oral language effectively 9.16D - use effective verbal and nonverbal strategies in presenting oral messages 9.17A - present and advance a clear thesis and logical points, claims, or arguments to support messages 9.17B - choose valid proofs from reliable sources to support claims 9.17C - use appropriate appeals to support claims and arguments 9.17D - use language and rhetorical strategies skillfully in informative and persuasive messages A thesis/support paper takes a position and uses textual evidence or research to prove the assertion. An essential question is a question that asks the following: what arguable, recurring and thoughtprovoking questions will guide inquiry and point toward the essential understandings of the unit? Parenthetical documentation cites the source where the writer found the research by putting the author s name and page number in parentheses after the researched information. A Works Cited page lists all of the sources that have been cited in a research paper. The entries on this page require a specified format. (See MLA Handbook) How does research make people better readers, writers, and thinkers? Why is it important to document sources where information is found? How do I develop a thesis and defend it with research? Big 6 Research Define a relevant question to research. Determine a research topic and essential questions. Find relevant sources and information about topic. Utilize note-taking strategies to summarize/ paraphrase information. Compare and contrast different authors viewpoints on the topic. Determine the thesis of various sources of information. Determine your own thesis. Write a thesis/support paper incorporating and documenting researched information. Utilize speaking skills to make a class presentation.

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