Scientific Methods II: Correlational Research

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Scientific Methods II: Correlational Research"

Transcription

1 Scientific Methods II: Correlational Research EXAMPLES "MARRIAGE SLOWS CANCER DEATHS Evidence that married people have a better chance of surviving cancer than do singles means that the unmarried might be good targets for cancer-prevention programs. Married people with cancer had a 23% higher overall survival rate than the unmarried. Example 2 Isolation increases with Internet use Psychologist Robert Kraut and his colleagues report that greater use of the Internet leads to shrinking social support and happiness, and increases in depression and loneliness And the findings were unexpected, Kraut says, given that most people use the Internet for chat lines and , e not just to isolate themselves in mounds of electronic information. Example 3 Revenge of the Beaker Bunch..Researchers Find that Scientists Live Longer If it were a movie, it would probably be called "Nerds:The" Ultimate Revenge. A study spanning nearly 70 years suggests that, all else being equal, scientists live longer than non-scientists According to Friedman's study, nonscientists are 26 percent more likely to die at any given age than scientists. In a sample of 600 men born around 1912, Friedman's group found that only 67% of non scientists were still alive by age 70, compared to 72% of the scientists... 1

2 Correlational Research Correlational research examines whether 2 factors are naturally associated. [Co-relation: the degree to which one variable is related to another.] Examples focus on naturally occurring relationships marriage & cancer recovery Internet use & depression occupation & longevity Correlations: The Basics Numerical range: to The Correlational Method Correlation Coefficient Positive correlations indicate that an increase in one variable is associated with an increase in the other. Negative correlations indicate that an increase in one variable is associated with a decrease in the other. 2

3 The Correlational Method The Correlational Method Surveys The correlational method often relies on surveys, as well as on observational data. Surveys are used when the variable of interest is not easily observable. How do we evaluate correlational findings? Amount use Internet is associated with greater depression. Why? 3 possible explanations Using Internet depression Depression greater Internet use (cannot determine direction of causality) A 3 rd variable might be related to both using the Internet and becoming depressed 3

4 3 rd Variables People. People. Evaluating Correlational Research Correlational research cannot determine causality. Problems knowing direction of causality Problems knowing whether some 3 rd variable (confounding variable) might explain the observed correlation How do we evaluate correlational findings? Consider in context of research on TV exposure and aggression Start w/theoretical idea and to test specific hypotheses. Hypothesis: Children who watch more violent television shows behave more aggressively. 4

5 TV & Violent Content 8 out of 10 Sat. morning programs contain violence Sat. morning children s shows: 20 violent acts per hour Average American watches 4 hrs of TV per day, or over 1000 hrs. per year. What is relationship between watching TV and children s aggressive behavior? TV and Aggression Many studies Sample correlational paradigm: Parents record how much TV their kids watch Teachers record aggressive behaviors (hitting, pushing, shoving, insulting, etc.) IV AND DV in Correlational Research Quasi-Independent Variable: how much TV kids watch (*not* manipulated, but acts like IV) Dependent Variable: amount of aggressive behavior at school 5

6 TV and Aggression: Correlational Studies Conclusion: Children who watch TV that includes violent content are more likely to behave aggressively. Why? Theory: Watching TV causes aggression But: Maybe more aggressive kids are attracted to watching violence on TV (direction of causality) Or: A 3 rd variable might account for the relationship Third Variables What are some possible third variables that could explain the correlation between watching TV and aggressive behavior? 6

7 Marriage and Surviving Cancer Direction of causality is not as much of a problem (unlikely that surviving cancer caused marriage!) What are some 3 rd variables that could account for the greater survival rate of married individuals? Disadvantage Correlation cannot determine causality Even if we measure possible third variables (e.g., measure eating habits, measure health care, etc.) and use statistical techniques to control for them, we still cannot be sure about the cause- and-effect relationship. Then Why do correlational research? Allows for the study of problems that would be difficult to study in the lab Can t manipulate who is married or not, who has a stressful job or not, gender, race/ethnicity Useful for generating hypotheses that can be tested later in a controlled experiment 7

8 Video on correlational method Retrospective Study Observe some outcome (lung cancer) and then gather information from people with and without the outcome (e.g., about smoking, eating habits, exercise, parenting style) Prospective Study A sample of individuals (preferably a representative sample) is followed over time to see whether certain experiences predict a later outcome (e.g., whether smoking predicts later lung cancer) 8

9 Common Cause Kids who eat more sugar might be more aggressive (during sugar high) and watch more TV when their blood sugar drops and they become lethargic. Common cause would explain why we see an association between TV and aggression Confounding Factor Something that occurs (accidentally) that provides an alternative explanation for the correlation. (Video: speed limit lowered, but confound = gas crisis and less driving) Coincidence Two variables are coincidentally associated, but doesn t happen again. 9

10 Simpson s Paradox Lurking variables can change the direction of an association. In video, more men than women applied to law school, and the law school had easier admission standards than the business school. Thus, the overall numbers (across both programs) appeared to show that more men were accepted to the professional programs. Professional Schools Applied Accepted Men % Women % *Looks like few women admitted Business School Men % Women % *Greater % women admitted than men Law School Men % Women *Greater % women admitted than men 10

Testing Scientific Explanations (In words slides page 7)

Testing Scientific Explanations (In words slides page 7) Testing Scientific Explanations (In words slides page 7) Most people are curious about the causes for certain things. For example, people wonder whether exercise improves memory and, if so, why? Or, we

More information

AIMS AND HYPOTHESES. Year 12 preparation tasks: Psychology. Your research:

AIMS AND HYPOTHESES. Year 12 preparation tasks: Psychology. Your research: Year 12 preparation tasks: Psychology Your research: You and your friend have been chatting about ways that you can remember more information when revising for your exams. Your friend tells you that when

More information

STATISTICS 8 CHAPTERS 1 TO 6, SAMPLE MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS

STATISTICS 8 CHAPTERS 1 TO 6, SAMPLE MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS STATISTICS 8 CHAPTERS 1 TO 6, SAMPLE MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS Correct answers are in bold italics.. This scenario applies to Questions 1 and 2: A study was done to compare the lung capacity of coal miners

More information

Unit 14: The Question of Causation

Unit 14: The Question of Causation Unit 14: The Question of Causation Summary of Video Causation in statistics can be a tricky thing because appearances can often be deceiving. Observing an association between two variables does not automatically

More information

Exercise. Good Weight A PT E R. Staying Healthy

Exercise. Good Weight A PT E R. Staying Healthy Eat Healthy Foods Keep at a Good Weight Exercise Don t Smoke Get Regular Checkups Take Care of Stress A PT E R CH Staying Healthy 6 81 How Can I Stay Healthy? You can do many things to prevent poor health

More information

TEEN SMOKING: WHO IS RESPONSIBLE?

TEEN SMOKING: WHO IS RESPONSIBLE? Join the national conversation! Focus Words TEEN SMOKING: WHO IS RESPONSIBLE? accumulation contradict exhibit inevitable manipulate Word Generation - Unit 1.16 Weekly Passage The effects of cigarette smoking

More information

Unit: F502: Analysing and Evaluating Argument: High banded

Unit: F502: Analysing and Evaluating Argument: High banded Critical Thinking Unit: F502: Analysing and Evaluating Argument: High banded candidate style answer. Introduction OCR has produced these candidate style answers to support teachers in interpreting the

More information

Main Question 1: How and where do you or your family use the Internet - whether on a computer or a cell phone? Follow up questions for INTERNET USERS

Main Question 1: How and where do you or your family use the Internet - whether on a computer or a cell phone? Follow up questions for INTERNET USERS TABLE 1: Current Internet use Main Question 1: How and where do you or your family use the Internet - whether on a computer or a cell phone? Follow up questions for INTERNET USERS 1. What do you use to

More information

Quasi-Experimental Designs Chapter 13

Quasi-Experimental Designs Chapter 13 Quasi-Experimental Designs Chapter 13 Quasi-Experimental Designs In a quasi-experimental design, the researcher lacks control over the assignment to conditions and/or does not manipulate the causal variable

More information

co-sponsored by the Health & Physical Education Department, the Health Services Office, and the Student Development Center

co-sponsored by the Health & Physical Education Department, the Health Services Office, and the Student Development Center Cancer is a group of more than 100 related diseases. Normally, cells grow and divide to produce more cells to keep the body healthy. Sometimes, this process goes wrong. New cells form when the body doesn

More information

effects on youth Daniel J. Flannery PhD Dr. Semi J. and Ruth Begun Professor

effects on youth Daniel J. Flannery PhD Dr. Semi J. and Ruth Begun Professor Social Media and its effects on youth Daniel J. Flannery PhD Dr. Semi J. and Ruth Begun Professor Director, Begun Center for Violence Prevention Research & Education Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences

More information

I C C R. Gain Attention/Interest: Effects of Violent Video Games: Do They Doom Kids To Mortal Kombat? Goals: Basic Idea:

I C C R. Gain Attention/Interest:  Effects of Violent Video Games: Do They Doom Kids To Mortal Kombat? Goals: Basic Idea: Effects of Violent Video Games: Do They Doom Kids To Mortal Kombat? Sources: Anderson, C. A., & Bushman, B. J. (2001). Effects of violent video games on aggressive behavior, aggressive cognition, aggressive

More information

Section 1: What is Sociology and How Can I Use It?

Section 1: What is Sociology and How Can I Use It? Section 1: What is Sociology and How Can I Use It? CHAPTER 1.1: WHAT IS SOCIOLOGY? If you are going to apply sociology, you first need to know what sociology is! In this section, we will introduce you

More information

Chapter 2 Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Research

Chapter 2 Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Research 1 Chapter 2 Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Research This chapter is our introduction to the three research methodology paradigms. A paradigm is a perspective based on a set of assumptions, concepts,

More information

Chapter 9. For each activity, choose whether it s a brain boost (helps your brain) or a brain drain (hurts your brain).

Chapter 9. For each activity, choose whether it s a brain boost (helps your brain) or a brain drain (hurts your brain). Chapter 9 Great Brain Power It s often been said, A mind is a terrible thing to waste. And a brain (yours, in particular) is a terrible thing to drain. Your brain has plasticity, which means it will continue

More information

C. The null hypothesis is not rejected when the alternative hypothesis is true. A. population parameters.

C. The null hypothesis is not rejected when the alternative hypothesis is true. A. population parameters. Sample Multiple Choice Questions for the material since Midterm 2. Sample questions from Midterms and 2 are also representative of questions that may appear on the final exam.. A randomly selected sample

More information

The effects of violent video games. Do they affect our behavior?

The effects of violent video games. Do they affect our behavior? The effects of violent video games. Do they affect our behavior? by: Brad J. Bushman, Ph.D. Professor of Communication and Psychology, The Ohio State University; Professor of Communication Science, VU

More information

Longitudinal Research on Game Effects and Implications for Public Policy Munich, Germany, November 20, 2008

Longitudinal Research on Game Effects and Implications for Public Policy Munich, Germany, November 20, 2008 Douglas A. Gentile, Ph.D. Director, Media Research Lab, Iowa State University Director of Research, National Institute on Media and the Family Research Fellow, Institute on Science and Society Associate

More information

psychology the science of psychology CHAPTER third edition Psychology, Third Edition Saundra K. Ciccarelli J. Noland White

psychology the science of psychology CHAPTER third edition Psychology, Third Edition Saundra K. Ciccarelli J. Noland White psychology third edition CHAPTER 1 the science of psychology Learning Objectives LO 1.1 Definition and Goals of Psychology LO 1.2 Structuralism and Functionalism LO 1.3 Early Gestalt, Psychoanalysis, and

More information

Publication #2008-28 4301 Connecticut Avenue, NW, Suite 350, Washington, DC 20008 Phone 202-572-6000 Fax 202-362-8420

Publication #2008-28 4301 Connecticut Avenue, NW, Suite 350, Washington, DC 20008 Phone 202-572-6000 Fax 202-362-8420 Publication #8-28 431 Connecticut Avenue, NW, Suite 35, Washington, DC 8 Phone 2-572-6 Fax 2-362-84 www.childtrends.org PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT IN MIDDLE CHILDHOOD: CAN IT PROTECT CHILDREN FROM HARMFUL TV

More information

Chapter 4. Examples (details given in class) Who is Measured: Units, Subjects, Participants. Research Studies to Detect Relationships

Chapter 4. Examples (details given in class) Who is Measured: Units, Subjects, Participants. Research Studies to Detect Relationships Announcements: Midterm Monday. Bring calculator and one sheet of notes. No calculator = cell phone! Assigned seats, random ID check. Review Friday. Review sheet posted on website. Mon discussion is for

More information

it s time to start the conversation

it s time to start the conversation it s time to start the conversation CONVERSATION GUIDE FEBRUARY 2015 It is critical to talk to all youth about recognizing abuse and how to build healthy relationships. it s time to start the conversation

More information

This chapter discusses some of the basic concepts in inferential statistics.

This chapter discusses some of the basic concepts in inferential statistics. Research Skills for Psychology Majors: Everything You Need to Know to Get Started Inferential Statistics: Basic Concepts This chapter discusses some of the basic concepts in inferential statistics. Details

More information

Chapter 1 Assignment Part 1

Chapter 1 Assignment Part 1 Chapter 1 Assignment Part 1 Careers in Psychology 1. Which of the following psychological professionals must always have a medical degree? a. psychologist b. psychiatric social worker c. psychiatrist d.

More information

T e a c h e r s g u i d e a n d s t u d e n t w o r k s h e e t s

T e a c h e r s g u i d e a n d s t u d e n t w o r k s h e e t s T e a c h e r s g u i d e a n d s t u d e n t w o r k s h e e t s BACKGROUND FOR TEACHERS WHAT IS BULLYING? Bullying is the repeated intimidation of another person. Bullies look for signs of weakness in

More information

10/21/2009. Media Consumption of a Typical U.S. Teenager as measured by Nielsen. PC 52 minutes including applications. Mobile Voice 6 minutes

10/21/2009. Media Consumption of a Typical U.S. Teenager as measured by Nielsen. PC 52 minutes including applications. Mobile Voice 6 minutes Teens and Their Electronic Worlds Teens and Screens --- Helping Kids Manage Their Electronic Worlds Gregory Ramey, Ph.D. Vice President for Outpatient Services Pediatric Psychologist Computers, gaming,

More information

DEPRESSION. it s more than a case of the blues...

DEPRESSION. it s more than a case of the blues... DEPRESSION it s more than a case of the blues... Are you... Feeling unhappy most of the time? Losing interest in the things you used to enjoy? Waking up exhausted and struggling to make it through each

More information

Chpt 1. The Nature of Probability and Statistics. 1-5 Observational and Experimental Studies

Chpt 1. The Nature of Probability and Statistics. 1-5 Observational and Experimental Studies Chpt 1 The Nature of Probability and Statistics 1-5 Observational and Experimental Studies 1 /15 Chpt 1 Homework 1-5 Read pages 13-16 p16 Applying the Concepts p26 16-19 2 /15 Chpt 1 Objectives Identify

More information

Unit 14: The Question of Causation

Unit 14: The Question of Causation Unit 14: The Question of Causation Prerequisites Even though there are no specific mathematical or statistical prerequisites, the ideas presented are too sophisticated for most pre-secondary students.

More information

Chapter 1 Introduction to Correlation

Chapter 1 Introduction to Correlation Chapter 1 Introduction to Correlation Suppose that you woke up one morning and discovered that you had been given the gift of being able to predict the future. Suddenly, you found yourself able to predict,

More information

Pre-experimental Designs for Description. Y520 Strategies for Educational Inquiry

Pre-experimental Designs for Description. Y520 Strategies for Educational Inquiry Pre-experimental Designs for Description Y520 Strategies for Educational Inquiry Pre-experimental designs-1 Research Methodology Is concerned with how the design is implemented and how the research is

More information

BEFORE PROOFREADING. One in four Australia live alone explore the reason for this growing incident of living

BEFORE PROOFREADING. One in four Australia live alone explore the reason for this growing incident of living BEFORE PROOFREADING One in four Australia live alone explore the reason for this growing incident of living alone, and consider the social, environment, health and other issues Australia society is facing

More information

Introduction to Statistics

Introduction to Statistics 1 Introduction to Statistics LEARNING OBJECTIVES After reading this chapter, you should be able to: 1. Distinguish between descriptive and inferential statistics. 2. Explain how samples and populations,

More information

Elementary School Survey

Elementary School Survey Elementary School Survey 2011 2012 This survey is voluntary. You do not have to complete this survey, but we hope that you will. We need your help! Your answers will improve health programs. Please do

More information

ABSTRACT: The objective of this study is to determine whether or not a relationship

ABSTRACT: The objective of this study is to determine whether or not a relationship ABSTRACT: The objective of this study is to determine whether or not a relationship exists between eating disordered attitudes, specifically anorexia nervosa, and several factors, including attention from

More information

Albert Bandura (1925-present)

Albert Bandura (1925-present) Educational practices should be gauged not only by the skills and knowledge they impart for present use but also by what they do to children's beliefs about their capabilities, which affects how they approach

More information

Stress and Your Middle School Child

Stress and Your Middle School Child Stress and Your Middle School Child Overview Understanding and limiting stress in your middle school child s life. Understanding stress in early adolescence Signs of stress and finding help When stress

More information

1Unit 4 Social Influences on Health and Wellbeing

1Unit 4 Social Influences on Health and Wellbeing Unit 4 Social Influences on Health and Wellbeing Unit 4: Social Influences on Health and Wellbeing is an internally assessed, optional, specialist unit with three learning aims: Learning aim A: Explore

More information

Teens, Social Media And Body Image:

Teens, Social Media And Body Image: Teens, Social Media And Body Image: Heather R. Gallivan, PsyD, LP Park Nicollet Melrose Center What is Body Image? Many times body image is confused with self-esteem. Self-Esteem: how you think and feel

More information

AP PSYCHOLOGY 2006 SCORING GUIDELINES

AP PSYCHOLOGY 2006 SCORING GUIDELINES AP PSYCHOLOGY 2006 SCORING GUIDELINES Question 1 Psychologists use a variety of research methods to study behavior. Three of the main research methods used are Case study Correlational study, and Experiment.

More information

Business Research Process

Business Research Process Business Research Process BUS 230: Business Research and Communication 1 1.1 Goals and Learning Objectives Goals and Learning Objectives Goals of this chapter: Learn what research is. Learn why businesses

More information

Chronic Diseases. Between 2005 and 2007 there were no significant changes in any of the adult behaviors reported through the BRFSS.

Chronic Diseases. Between 2005 and 2007 there were no significant changes in any of the adult behaviors reported through the BRFSS. Chronic Diseases Chronic diseases and conditions, such as heart disease, cancer, diabetes and obesity, are the leading causes of death and disability in the United States. Chronic diseases account for

More information

Integrating Science Practices Into Assessment Tasks. How to Read a Template Task

Integrating Science Practices Into Assessment Tasks. How to Read a Template Task STEM TEACHING TOOL #30 Integrating Science Practices Into Assessment Tasks The Next Generation Science Standards call for the development of three-dimensional science proficiency, that is, students integrated

More information

Are you feeling... Tired, Sad, Angry, Irritable, Hopeless?

Are you feeling... Tired, Sad, Angry, Irritable, Hopeless? Are you feeling... Tired, Sad, Angry, Irritable, Hopeless? I feel tired and achy all the time. I can t concentrate and my body just doesn t feel right. Ray B. I don t want to get out of bed in the morning

More information

Violent Video Games. Children, they should be playing outside, jumping around, socializing with friends, but

Violent Video Games. Children, they should be playing outside, jumping around, socializing with friends, but Violent Video Games Children, they should be playing outside, jumping around, socializing with friends, but instead their cooped up inside playing a video game where they kill animated characters on a

More information

GCE Psychology. Mark Scheme for June Unit G541: Psychological Investigations. Advanced Subsidiary GCE. Oxford Cambridge and RSA Examinations

GCE Psychology. Mark Scheme for June Unit G541: Psychological Investigations. Advanced Subsidiary GCE. Oxford Cambridge and RSA Examinations GCE Psychology Unit G541: Psychological Investigations Advanced Subsidiary GCE Mark Scheme for June 2014 Oxford Cambridge and RSA Examinations OCR (Oxford Cambridge and RSA) is a leading UK awarding body,

More information

My Role Models. Literacy Link South Central. Phone: Web:

My Role Models. Literacy Link South Central.   Phone: Web: 1 My Role Models Workbook titles in this series include: My Dream Career Examining My Online Identity and Digital Media Use How I Communicate in Different Places My Role Models Literacy Link South Central

More information

Experimental Designs leading to multiple regression analysis

Experimental Designs leading to multiple regression analysis Experimental Designs leading to multiple regression analysis 1. (Randomized) designed experiments. 2. Randomized block experiments. 3. Observational studies: probability based sample surveys 4. Observational

More information

Psychology Careers, Jobs, and Employment Information

Psychology Careers, Jobs, and Employment Information www.careersinghana.com Email : info@careersinghana.com Tel: +233 245649846 Psychology Careers, Jobs, and Employment Information Psychology Career Overview One motivating factor for being a psychologist

More information

Basic Study Designs in Analytical Epidemiology For Observational Studies

Basic Study Designs in Analytical Epidemiology For Observational Studies Basic Study Designs in Analytical Epidemiology For Observational Studies Cohort Case Control Hybrid design (case-cohort, nested case control) Cross-Sectional Ecologic OBSERVATIONAL STUDIES (Non-Experimental)

More information

How to Use the Research Design Algorithm

How to Use the Research Design Algorithm How to Use the Research Design Algorithm Below is a diamond by diamond guide for using the Research Design Algorithm developed by the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 2010. Included are Tips on what

More information

Chapter 7 Conditioning and Learning

Chapter 7 Conditioning and Learning Chapter 7 Conditioning and Learning Chapter Summary Definitions Learning is defined as a relatively permanent change in behavior due to experience. A stimulus is anything that comes in through your senses.

More information

Overview. Triplett (1898) Social Influence - 1. PSYCHOLOGY 305 / 305G Social Psychology. Research in Social Psychology 2005

Overview. Triplett (1898) Social Influence - 1. PSYCHOLOGY 305 / 305G Social Psychology. Research in Social Psychology 2005 PSYCHOLOGY 305 / 305G Social Psychology Research in Social Psychology 2005 Overview Triplett s study of social influence (1897-1898) Scientific Method Experimental Advantages & Disadvantages Non-experimental

More information

Media Violence and Children's Play

Media Violence and Children's Play Handout #27 Media Violence and Children's Play Healthy Children, Strong Families, Caring Communities Exposure to Violence When tragedies occur, a major mistake some parents make is to assume or hope their

More information

STAFF TRAINING SESSION

STAFF TRAINING SESSION STAFF TRAINING SESSION i The following are some exercises for staff to use to prepare to deliver the programme. Exercises can be used as part of an INSET/training day. You may wish to invite volunteers

More information

Mind on Statistics. Chapter 4

Mind on Statistics. Chapter 4 Mind on Statistics Chapter 4 Sections 4.1 Questions 1 to 4: The table below shows the counts by gender and highest degree attained for 498 respondents in the General Social Survey. Highest Degree Gender

More information

Prepare to return to work after treatment for cancer

Prepare to return to work after treatment for cancer Prepare to return to work after treatment for cancer For people who have had treatment for cancer Princess Margaret Read this resource to learn: Common concerns about returning to work How to prepare for

More information

Non-Experimental Research Designs. Dr. Hanan A. Ezzat

Non-Experimental Research Designs. Dr. Hanan A. Ezzat Non-Experimental Research Designs Dr. Hanan A. Ezzat How to? Study the effect of widowhood on physical and psychological functioning Experimental??? Quasi-Experimental??? How to? Widowhood Vs No-widowhood

More information

Long-term impact of childhood bereavement

Long-term impact of childhood bereavement Long-term impact of childhood bereavement Preliminary analysis of the 1970 British Cohort Study (BCS70) Samantha Parsons CWRC WORKING PAPER September 2011 Long-Term Impact of Childhood Bereavement Preliminary

More information

Scientific Hypothesis

Scientific Hypothesis Theories & Hypothesis Scientific Hypotheses & Predictions. Constructs & Operational Definitions. Converging Operations. Scientific Theories & Scientific Laws. Induction & Deduction in Science. Generating

More information

Bowel scope screening

Bowel scope screening NHS Bowel Cancer Screening Programme Bowel scope screening I ve been invited for NHS bowel scope screening. This leaflet gives you information to help you choose whether to have screening. NHS bowel scope

More information

Media Violence, Video Games, and Public Health: Summary of Readings Aggie Zimny and Renee Powell

Media Violence, Video Games, and Public Health: Summary of Readings Aggie Zimny and Renee Powell Media Violence, Video Games, and Public Health: Summary of Readings Aggie Zimny and Renee Powell Man Who Counts the Killings: George Gerbner Gerbner was the first individual to write a thesis on education

More information

Title: Glass and Refraction Grade level: 5 Objectives: Students will explore refraction through different mediums.

Title: Glass and Refraction Grade level: 5 Objectives: Students will explore refraction through different mediums. Title: Glass and Refraction Grade level: 5 Objectives: Students will explore refraction through different mediums. Ohio s New Learning Standards Science- Physical Topic: Light, Sound and Motion Content

More information

Chapter 6. Examples (details given in class) Who is Measured: Units, Subjects, Participants. Research Studies to Detect Relationships

Chapter 6. Examples (details given in class) Who is Measured: Units, Subjects, Participants. Research Studies to Detect Relationships Announcements: Midterm Friday. Bring calculator and one sheet of notes. Can t use the calculator on your cell phone. Assigned seats, random ID check. Review Wed. Review sheet posted on website. Fri discussion

More information

Your guide to stopping smoking for good

Your guide to stopping smoking for good Your guide to stopping smoking for good Reading this is your first step to stopping smoking for good Help2Quit gives you advice and support to help stop smoking for good. Nicotine replacement therapy and

More information

MANAGING YOUR PERSISTENT FEARS, DEPRESSION, AND EVERY DAY ANXIETIES

MANAGING YOUR PERSISTENT FEARS, DEPRESSION, AND EVERY DAY ANXIETIES MANAGING YOUR PERSISTENT FEARS, DEPRESSION, AND EVERY DAY ANXIETIES By: Stanley Popovich Everybody deals with anxiety and depression, however some people have a hard time in managing it. As a result, here

More information

Questions to Ask My Doctor About Melanoma

Questions to Ask My Doctor About Melanoma Questions to Ask My Doctor Being told you have melanoma can be scary and stressful. You probably have a lot of questions and concerns. Learning about the disease, how it s treated, and how this information

More information

HUMAN SKIN COLOR: EVIDENCE FOR SELECTION

HUMAN SKIN COLOR: EVIDENCE FOR SELECTION OVERVIEW HUMAN SKIN COLOR: EVIDENCE FOR SELECTION This activity supports the viewing of the short film The Biology of Skin Color. Students watch the film in segments and use real data to propose hypotheses,

More information

Supporting a Friend Who is Grieving. Information for Teens

Supporting a Friend Who is Grieving. Information for Teens Supporting a Friend Who is Grieving Information for Teens Grief is a natural response to love and loss. When a friend has had someone important to him/her die, you may not know what to do. What do you

More information

ULTIMATE PARENT'S GUIDE TO INTERNET SAFETY

ULTIMATE PARENT'S GUIDE TO INTERNET SAFETY ULTIMATE PARENT'S GUIDE TO INTERNET SAFETY What example are we setting our children? If we spend hours on the Internet how can we expect our children not to want to do the same? DID YOU KNOW? 97% of under

More information

In-service training available through Netflix

In-service training available through Netflix In-service training available through Netflix Instructions: Request the video from Netflix, print out and complete the worksheet for that particular movie, and return the completed worksheet to your licensor.

More information

Introduction to History & Research Methods of Psychology

Introduction to History & Research Methods of Psychology Term Explanation Application/Example/Extension Psychology is the scientific study of mental processes and behavior Influences on Psychology Psychology started as only the study of mental processes, but

More information

Stakeholder Consultations on Regulations under the Film and Video Classification Act. Analysis of Focus Group Findings July 2009

Stakeholder Consultations on Regulations under the Film and Video Classification Act. Analysis of Focus Group Findings July 2009 Montreal Quebec Toronto Ottawa Calgary Edmonton Philadelphia Denver Tampa Stakeholder Consultations on Regulations under the Film and Video Classification Act Analysis of Focus Group Findings July 2009

More information

Easy Read. How can we make sure everyone gets the right health care? How can we make NHS care better?

Easy Read. How can we make sure everyone gets the right health care? How can we make NHS care better? Easy Read How can we make NHS care better? How can we make sure everyone gets the right health care? What can we do to make the NHS good now and in the future? How can we afford to keep the NHS going?

More information

International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy 98

International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy 98 International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy 98 Ethiopia: From Bottom to Top in Higher Education - Gender Role Problems by Yelfign Worku Biographical Note Yelfign Worku, Head of Gender and Education

More information

It is not easy to define what makes up a family, let alone a healthy one.

It is not easy to define what makes up a family, let alone a healthy one. LESSON 5.4 WHAT IS A HEALTHY FAMILY? 12 page student lesson - 1 of 12 Quick Notes nuclear family traditionally this has referred to a father, mother and children, but now can be used more generally to

More information

SCRIPT Series: Stalked (Season 2) Version: 2/27/14 Julie D Aprile EP 2 Hannah Perryman

SCRIPT Series: Stalked (Season 2) Version: 2/27/14 Julie D Aprile EP 2 Hannah Perryman 1. COLD OPEN COLD OPEN 2. SHE MADE FRIENDS WITH THE GIRL DOWN THE BLOCK. 3. Hannah Perryman STK202I006a 14:15:51:00 She was going to try to kill me, and you know what? She could possibly do it. 4. BUT

More information

Questions to Ask My Doctor About Breast Cancer

Questions to Ask My Doctor About Breast Cancer Questions to Ask My Doctor Being told you have breast cancer can be scary and stressful. You probably have a lot of questions and concerns. Learning about the disease, how it s treated, and how this information

More information

Investigating factors that affect plant development. 1. Generating scientifically oriented questions

Investigating factors that affect plant development. 1. Generating scientifically oriented questions Investigating factors that affect plant development. Cognitive processes 1. Generating scientifically oriented questions Examples of scientific reasoning tasks Least complex: Students are given the research

More information

Communication and Refusal Skills

Communication and Refusal Skills Lesson 6.2 Communication and Refusal Skills Connecting the Lessons Connects to Lesson 6.6: Puberty and Lesson 6.8: Decision Making and Values. Lesson Goals Demonstrate use of skills for effective communication.

More information

Recovering From Heart Problems Through Cardiac Rehabilitation: Patient Guide The Keys to Heart Health

Recovering From Heart Problems Through Cardiac Rehabilitation: Patient Guide The Keys to Heart Health Recovering From Heart Problems Through Cardiac Rehabilitation: Patient Guide The Keys to Heart Health Exercise: Education: Counseling: Regular physical activity that is tailored to your abilities, needs,

More information

Build Your Creative Performance

Build Your Creative Performance Build Your Creative Performance Brainstorm business buzz words and creativity and innovation are sure to make the list. We hear these words all the time: Our creativity is our competitive advantage. We

More information

Activity 5 Drugs and Development

Activity 5 Drugs and Development Activity 5 Drugs and Development NOTE: This is a 3-part activity (Part A, B and C) Part A: Is John a drug baby? Core Concept: Prenatal drug exposure and many other factors may affect a developing baby.

More information

COUNSELING AFFILIATES SEXUAL ADDICTION TREATMENT PROGRAM GUIDELINES FOR WRITING A DISCLOSURE TO RELATIONSHIP PARTNERS

COUNSELING AFFILIATES SEXUAL ADDICTION TREATMENT PROGRAM GUIDELINES FOR WRITING A DISCLOSURE TO RELATIONSHIP PARTNERS COUNSELING AFFILIATES SEXUAL ADDICTION TREATMENT PROGRAM GUIDELINES FOR WRITING A DISCLOSURE TO RELATIONSHIP PARTNERS 1. Start with the text of the First Step if available. Only do disclosure after completing

More information

The Developing Person Through the Life Span 8e by Kathleen Stassen Berger

The Developing Person Through the Life Span 8e by Kathleen Stassen Berger The Developing Person Through the Life Span 8e by Kathleen Stassen Berger Chapter 17 Emerging Adulthood: Biosocial Development PowerPoint Slides developed by Martin Wolfger and Michael James Ivy Tech Community

More information

Movie Night: You Be the Critic!

Movie Night: You Be the Critic! FAMILY ACTIVITY Recommended for kids 6 and up Movie Night: You Be the Critic! Inspired by the popular TED Talk by Colin Stokes, How Movies Teach Manhood, this activity helps turn any family movie night

More information

Healthy Relationships

Healthy Relationships 71 Lesson Plan Objectives: 1. Participants will be able to identify characteristics of healthy relationships. 2. Participants will be able to recognize when a relationship is unhealthy. 3. Participants

More information

HOW TO DO A SCIENCE PROJECT Step-by-Step Suggestions and Help for Elementary Students, Teachers, and Parents Brevard Public Schools

HOW TO DO A SCIENCE PROJECT Step-by-Step Suggestions and Help for Elementary Students, Teachers, and Parents Brevard Public Schools HOW TO DO A SCIENCE PROJECT Step-by-Step Suggestions and Help for Elementary Students, Teachers, and Parents Brevard Public Schools 1. Get an Idea for Your Project Find an area that interests you. You

More information

Cycling for Health UK Fact Sheet

Cycling for Health UK Fact Sheet Cycling for Health UK Study: An observational study of erectile dysfunction, infertility and prostate cancer in regular male cyclists Fact Sheet Written by Dr Milo A Hollingworth, University College London

More information

Is John a Drug Baby?

Is John a Drug Baby? Drugs and Development _ Part A: Is John a drug baby? Is John a Drug Baby? John was small and weighed 1.8 kilograms (4 pounds) at birth. As a baby, John cried a lot and had difficulty eating and sleeping.

More information

Ten Tips for Parents. To Help Their Children Avoid Teen Pregnancy

Ten Tips for Parents. To Help Their Children Avoid Teen Pregnancy Ten Tips for Parents To Help Their Children Avoid Teen Pregnancy Ten Tips for Parents To Help Their Children Avoid Teen Pregnancy The National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy has reviewed research

More information

REVISION NOTES. Intermediate 1 & 2 Psychology LEARNING THEORIES. Understanding the Individual

REVISION NOTES. Intermediate 1 & 2 Psychology LEARNING THEORIES. Understanding the Individual Intermediate 1 & 2 Psychology Understanding the Individual LEARNING THEORIES REVISION NOTES 1 www.curriculumpress.co.uk Number 55 Psychology Factsheets s 2 3 4 OPERANT CONDITIONING Trial and Error Learning

More information

Why culture matters for children s development and wellbeing

Why culture matters for children s development and wellbeing Why culture matters for children s development and wellbeing Contents Diversity in Australia What is cultural diversity? Diversity and belonging How does diversity influence children s mental health? Challenges

More information

AP Statistics Ch 3 Aim 1: Scatter Diagrams

AP Statistics Ch 3 Aim 1: Scatter Diagrams Page 1 of4 Univariate nata Bivariate Data data involving only one variable such as test scores, height, etc. data involving the relationships between two variables, such as test scores and time studying,

More information

Minnesota s Call to Action Quality of Life Initiative for Activities F248/249 An Interdisciplinary Approach. F248 Deficiency Severity Guidance

Minnesota s Call to Action Quality of Life Initiative for Activities F248/249 An Interdisciplinary Approach. F248 Deficiency Severity Guidance Severity Level 4 Considerations: Immediate jeopardy to resident health or safety Severity Level 3 Considerations: Actual harm that is not immediate jeopardy Severity Level 2 Considerations: No actual Harm

More information

I C C R. Gain Attention/Interest: www.circ.cornell.edu. Is ESP (Extra Sensory Perception) For Real? (I Knew You Were Going to Ask That!

I C C R. Gain Attention/Interest: www.circ.cornell.edu. Is ESP (Extra Sensory Perception) For Real? (I Knew You Were Going to Ask That! Is ESP (Extra Sensory Perception) For Real? (I Knew You Were Going to Ask That!) C R I C Source: Bem, D. J., & Honorton, C. (1994). Does PSI exist? Replicable evidence for an anomalous process of information

More information

Dating Violence. What Parents Need to Know

Dating Violence. What Parents Need to Know Dating Violence What Parents Need to Know Adolescence is when sexual feelings typically become strong. It is a time when dating starts and preteens and teenagers are experimenting with different types

More information

How testicular cancer is diagnosed

How testicular cancer is diagnosed How testicular cancer is diagnosed This information is from the booklet Understanding testicular cancer. You may find the full booklet helpful. We can send you a free copy see page 6. Contents What happens

More information

CONTENTS: WHAT S IN THIS BOOKLET

CONTENTS: WHAT S IN THIS BOOKLET Q Questions & A & Answers About Your Prostate Having a biopsy test to find out if you may have prostate cancer can bring up a lot of questions. This booklet will help answer those questions. CONTENTS:

More information