1 1 InspectThis! Spring 2015 Supplement to CoatingsPro Magazine Spring 2015 Certification vs. Experience By Malcolm McNeil, CIP Committee Chair For the past few weeks I have been following comments and discussions being posted on the various forums on the Internet relating to the coating inspector s certification and/or experience. The issue being discussed is, Which is more important for a coating inspector to have, a certification or field experience? It is quite interesting to see the different viewpoints expressed on this subject. The NACE International Coating Inspector Program (CIP) requires no experience for an individual to take Level 1; recommends at least two years of experience as a Level 1 inspector before taking Level 2; and requires a minimum of two years verifiable experience before taking the Peer Review to achieve Level 3 certification. Other programs vary as to the requirements for the certifications offered. NACE CIP recommends that a NACE-certified Coating Inspector Level 1 conducts inspections in the field only under the supervision of a Coating Inspector Level 3. Obviously this does not always happen as owners hiring third-party independent coating inspectors may not want to pay for a Level 3 inspector. This brings us to the old adage, you get what you pay for. Does this mean that there are no Level 1 inspectors out there qualified to do inspection without the supervision of a Level 3 inspector? Now we come to the experience issue. Many individuals have gained field experience before taking a course and getting certified, so they may be well qualified at Level 1. The quality of the experience is what makes the difference. As an instructor of the NACE CIP courses, I have had students in my classes who have years of experience before taking the course but do not know how to use a dry film thickness gauge properly. Unfortunately the experience they had was flawed and they were not properly trained. So the answer to the initial question which is more important for a coating inspector, the certification or the experience is that both are important and necessary. Many experienced inspectors want the certification because inspection firms and owners often require it before they will hire an individual. However, the main reason the certification is worth the cost is that the candidate learns to do the work correctly. One must learn to perform the various tests and use the equipment before going into the field and doing the actual work. However, one becomes skilled and knowledgeable about the tests and equipment through experience in the field. Individuals need the training they receive in the classroom to be able to put it into practice in the field. So certification and experience go hand in hand. The most qualified inspector is the one who has both the certification and the experience.! IN THIS ISSUE... I have had students in my classes who have years of experience before taking the course but do not know how to use a dry film thickness gauge properly. From the Chairman...1 Coating Failures A Coating Supplier s Perspective...2 Get This!...6 NACE Coatings Course Schedule...8 Coatings Resources... 10
2 2 InspectThis! Spring 2015 Coating Failures A Coating Supplier s Perspective By Russell Spotten, Corrosion Probe, Inc. As a 30-year veteran of the coatings industry, I have seen just about everything that could go wrong on a project. These problems have been caused by any number of factors, includ- ing contractor error, bad specifications, improper product selection, Mother Nature, etc. This article will discuss a few incidents where the coating manufacturer was the primary cause of a problem. Coating Reformulation on the Fly The raw materials used in protective coatings do not remain constant, and are occasionally changed for a number of reasons. Manufacturers and vendors are continually looking to consolidate raw materials to minimize inventory and gain better purchasing power for higher volumes. Regulations sometimes force change and raw material vendors are required to reformulate their products. Good examples of regulatory impacts are the volatile organic compound (VOC) rules, which have become more restrictive in the last 20+ years. Additionally, some raw materials are discontinued by vendors for economic reasons, such as a lack of sufficient volume of sales and profitability to justify their continued sale. When these raw material changes occur, manufacturers are sometimes confronted with the challenge of quickly reformulating their products to meet market demand. While a great effort is made by both the raw material supplier and the coating manufacturer to fully evaluate new substitute raw materials, formulation mistakes sometimes occur. Some of the common substitute raw materials used in recent years to meet regional regulations have been VOC-exempt solvents. These exempt solvents meet the regulations for VOC contribution in a coating formula, but do not always yield the same performance in finished products. Depending on the formula, these exempt solvents do not yield the same wetting characteristics, thixotropic development, sag resistance, etc. The negative effects of substitute materials are not always realized in the lab, but sometimes appear when the products are being applied in the field under real world conditions. An epoxy coating that had been used for many years as an anticorrosive intermediate coat for tank exteriors in Southern California is one example of a simple solvent change in a formula causing a major problem on a project. Prior to the formulation change, this epoxy had the ability to be applied at 100 to 150 μm (4 to 6 mils) by either spray or roller, and flowed and
3 Spring 2015 InspectThis! 3 leveled nicely when applied by a reasonably competent painter. The finish coat in these tank exterior systems is typically aliphatic polyurethane; therefore, a smooth intermediate coat is desirable. After the solvent change, complaints immediately began coming in that the epoxy coating looked horrible on application. If sprayed, the coating would start to ball up and look like cottage cheese. If applied by brush or roller, it would look ropey and would not flow to form a uniform film. When confronted with these problems, the manufacturer s solution was to mix additional VOC-exempt solvent into the paint in the hopes that it would improve the film properties. This did not work. It seems as though the epoxy resins and other raw materials in the formula had a compatibility issue with the solvent. Therefore, this product as manufactured was unsuitable for use and the manufacturer was forced to pull this product from the market. It took several months of trial and error reformulation in the lab before a new version of the product could be reintroduced to the market. or so later, we received a plastic sandwich bag in the mail that contained a few of these epoxy-coated chunks of crud. The QC manager took some of these chunks into the lab for analysis and quickly realized that they were not chunks of epoxy or any other a raw material used in the formula; rather, they were chunks of what appeared to be a heavy paper such as what is used for packaging one of the raw materials. When we interviewed the plant manager and a couple of the workers, the truth came SPY for every mission Inspect Any Metal Surface Coating For pipes, tanks or any coated contoured surface in the field or inside your manufacturing facility, we simplify coating integrity testing with our full line of SPY portable and permanent Holiday Detectors. SPY Model 780, 785 and 790 Portable Holiday Detectors New ergonomic design Pipe coating inspections up to 60 Extremely durable Infinite voltage setting on the fly What is This Crud in My Epoxy? Every once in a while, a complaint comes in from the field that just does not make any sense at least on first report. While working as a sales manager for a small regional coatings company in the 1980s, I received one of these complaints from an applicator in Wyoming. He was working on a tank lining project at a refinery and was using one of this manufacturer s more popular epoxy phenolic coatings, which was specified for the work. The contractor reported that when he opened the can and mixed the two components together, he noticed big chunks of crud in the bucket. Knowing how the products are manufactured, filtered, and canned, the plant quality control (QC) manager was stumped and had no explanation for this complaint of crud. Since this project was located at a far distance from the manufacturing plant and the project was on a tight schedule, it was decided that the painter should buy some filter bags and strain the material on site into new clean buckets before use. A week Compact, lightweight wet sponge holiday detectors Reliable continuous inspections on the assembly line For more details on SPY products and our complete line of SPY Holiday Detection Equipment visit our SPY In-Plant Holiday Detector Systems SPY Wet Sponge Portable Holiday Detectors No belts, lightweight, fast set-up Sponge roller speeds large flat surface area inspections Interchangeable flat or roller sponge Custom designed to streamline manufacturing From pipecoating inspections to large flat surfaces PIPELINE INSPECTION COMPANY Ph: (713) Fax: (713)
4 4 InspectThis! Spring 2015 out. During manufacturing of the product, one of the new employees on the production floor was asked to add a raw material to the batch by throwing a bag in. The production supervisor did not explain to this new worker that the bag should be opened and the contents emptied into the batch tank not just thrown in, bag and everything. While this rookie mistake was unfortunate, it should not have created much of a problem in the finished product as all paint was required to be filtered at filling. As is the case with many problems, this one was the result of multiple missteps. In this instance, in an effort to speed up the filling process of this one batch, another worker had decided to remove the filter bag near the end of the canning process so the crew could finish their day s work on time. This was obviously a bad decision, given the chunks of paper bag in the batch of epoxy. The result was a delayed project and a negative experience for an otherwise satisfied customer. Purple Haze on Hot Steel or Yes We Can There are times when a salesperson best serves the coatings industry by just saying no. There are simply some projects where either the standard products in a manufacturer s line do not meet the performance requirements of the job, or there are other manufacturers products that are, in fact, better for the intended service. Sales is a game of numbers, however, and the pressure to generate revenue and provide excellent service to good customers sometimes clouds decision making. The following example is from a direct personal experience when I made the mistake of saying yes we can. In the early 1980s, my company was the selected supplier of protective coatings for a major new construction project for a large wastewater treatment plant on the West Coast of the United States. This was a multi-year project and we were challenged at times to meet the product requirements and schedule for this project. For the most part, the project progressed well especially with regard to the main coating systems submitted; such as tank linings, exterior finish coats, and architectural paints. There was one small section in the specification, however, that was overlooked at the submittal phase. There were six exhaust stacks to be built, ~1.2 m (4 ft) in diameter by 12.2-m (40-ft) tall and all located close together in a line. The specification for A poor epoxy intermediate coat caused the poor finish because of solvent incompatibility. Photo courtesy of CSI Services, Santa Clarita, California. these stacks listed a high-heat silicone finish paint. This high-heat system is normally seen in specifications, and one of our high-heat silicone aluminum finishes was submitted for this portion of the work. All of this should have worked just fine, except that we received a phone call during the project and were told the city s architect was looking at the plant during construction and decided he now wanted these six stacks to make some sort of visual statement. Even though this was a wastewater treatment plant, and not really something that would have a lot of public exposure, the architect s desire was to make this a designer showcase of sorts. The architect and contractor asked if our standard high-heat finish could be made in a range of six color shades, from light blue to purple. The visual impact of the stacks, for the architect s eye, would be stunning! This would have been a good time for us to admit that we had never attempted to make a colored highheat paint, and just say no. Instead, we took the challenge (and the order) and produced a small quantity of finish paint in each of the six colors selected. The stacks were painted, the colors matched the architect s vision, and everyone involved was quite happy with the look of those freshly painted stacks. That is, until they were fired up. While our plant was able to produce the small batches of tinted high-heat paint, no one ever thought to see what the paint would look like once it was heated. The colorants used were not suitable for exposure to high temperatures, and when heated in excess of 205 C (400 F), they all turned a burnt umber (brown) color. Of course, the surfaces of the stacks soon turned multiple shades of brown and were very unsightly. Needless to say, the city s architect was not happy. Our company suffered embarrassment, as well as a significant financial loss on the rework. The engineer found suitable highheat paint from a different manufacturer, and the stacks were repainted in the desired six colors at our expense. Conclusions There is an old adage that states, if something can go wrong, it probably will. This is certainly the case in the industrial coatings business, especially when economic considerations or project demands require a quick judgment call from the paint supplier. Manufacturers go to great lengths to get things right and to formulate and test products that are suitable for the intended service. The cases discussed in this article are just a few examples where things went wrong despite good intentions. Project failures or poor performance are never acceptable. It is incumbent upon all parties the owner, engineer, manufacturer, contractor, and inspector to be diligent in asking the right questions and expecting nothing short of the best-quality products and workmanship for any given project. This article is based on CORROSION 2013 paper no. 2863, presented in Orlando, Florida. Russell Spotten is a senior consultant at Corrosion Probe, Inc., PO Box 1151, Templeton, CA 93465, cpiengineering.com. He has more than 35 years of experience in the industrial coatings market. He has been an active member in NACE International since 1981 and previously served on the board of the NACE Channel Islands Chapter. He is a NACE-certified Senior Corrosion Technologist and Protective Coatings Specialist (#6107).!
5 More accurate, repeatable and faster than ever before and now made for iphone and other mobile devices. Elcometer 456 with Ultra Scan Probe wireless technology From inspection to report submission in seconds Collect your coating measurements using either the new Bluetooth enabled Elcometer 456 Coating Thickness or Elcometer 224 Surface Profile Gauges, connect the gauge to your iphone, ipad or ipod touch using the free ElcoMaster Mobile App and download your data. Press Generate PDF and watch the ElcoMaster App produce a professional report instantly. the report to your client seconds after you have finished inspecting. Your office is now wherever you are. Surface Profile Surface Cleanliness Climate Monitoring Coating Thickness ElcoMaster Mobile App ElcoMaster Adhesion USA & Canada: (800) Elcometer 456 & Elcometer 224 Model T: Made for iphone 5S, iphone 5C, iphone 5, iphone 4S, iphone 4, ipad (4th generation), ipad mini, ipad 2, and ipod touch (4th and 5th generation). Made for ipod, Made for iphone, and Made for ipad mean that an electronic accessory has been designed to connect specifically to ipod, iphone, or ipad, respectively, and has been certified by the developer to meet Apple performance standards. Apple is not responsible for the operation of this device or its compliance with safety and regulatory standards. Please note that the use of this accessory with ipod, iphone, or ipad may affect wireless performance. ipad, iphone, and ipod touch are trademarks of Apple Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries. App Store is a trademark of Apple Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries. All other trademarks acknowledged.
6 6 InspectThis! Spring 2015 DUALSCOPE with NEW CORROSION MODULE Finally, one instrument that meets all the needs of the protective coatings industry. Get This! Graham Carr of ION Protective Services, LLC, a NACE-certified Coating Inspector, is the winner of this issue s drawing for a free Coating Inspector Program (CIP) course. Based in Alvord, Texas, Carr is currently certified to CIP Level 1. Measures: Surface Profile Soluble Surface Salt Climatic Conditions Coating Thickness Built in GPS How can you enter the drawing to win a free CIP course? Simply send an message to and mention that you saw this article. To be eligible, you must have completed CIP Level 1 and your certification must be active. The free CIP course (Level 2 or Level 3 Peer Review) must be taken within one year of winning the drawing. Please note that the drawing only applies to CIP courses and not other NACE course offerings. The prize is transferrable but may not be sold. If the prize is transferred, the recipient must meet the same criteria as the winner.! (860)
8 8 InspectThis! Spring 2015 NACE Coatings Course Schedule AUSTRALIA Adelaide, SA, Australia April 13-18, 2015 Melbourne, VIC, Australia May 4-9, 2015 Sydney, NSW, Australia June 15-20, 2015 Perth, WA, Australia March 16-21, 2015 Melbourne, VIC, Australia May 11-16, 2015 Sydney, NSW, Australia June 22-27, 2015 BELGIUM Brasschaat, Belgium March 16-21, 2015 CANADA Edmonton, AB, Canada April 26-May 1, 2015 Edmonton, AB, Canada May 3-8, 2015 Edmonton, AB, Canada May 10-15, 2015 Edmonton, AB, Canada May 17-22, 2015 CIP PEER REVIEW Edmonton, AB, Canada May 22-25, 2015 PIPELINE APPLICATION TRAINING Edmonton, AB, Canada April 27-May 1, 2015 CHINA Shanghai, China March 22-27, 2015 Beijing, China April 13-18, 2015 Shanghai, China May 10-15, 2015 Beijing, China June 22-27, 2015 Shanghai, China March 29-April 3, 2015 Beijing, China April 20-25, 2015 Shanghai, China May 17-22, 2015 CIP PEER REVIEW Shanghai, China May 4-7, 2015 EQUADOR Quito, Ecuador April 13-18, 2015 INDIA Chennai, India March 16-21, 2015 Chennai, India April 13-18, 2015 Chennai, India May 18-23, 2015 Chennai, India June 15-20, 2015 Chennai, India March 23-28, 2015 Chennai, India April 20-25, 2015 Chennai, India May 25-30, 2015 Chennai, India June 22-27, 2015 ITALY Genova, Italy June 7-12, 2015 JAPAN Miura, Kanagawa, Japan June 5-10, 2015 Imabari, Japan April 16-21, 2015 MALAYSIA Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia April 6-11, 2015 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia April 13-18, 2015 CIP PEER REVIEW Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia April 19-22, 2015 MEXICO Cuernavaca, MOR, Mexico May 18-23, 2015 Cuernavaca, MOR, Mexico May 25-30, 2015 THE NETHERLANDS Spijkenisse, The Netherlands April 13-18, 2015 SINGAPORE CIP EXAM COURSE 1 Singapore April 8-10, 2015 CIP EXAM COURSE 2 Singapore April 13-15, 2015 SOUTH AFRICA KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa April 20-25, 2015 Midrand, South Africa May 18-23, 2015 Midrand, South Africa March 23-28, 2015 Cape Town, South Africa June 22-27, 2015 SOUTH KOREA CIP EXAM COURSE 1 Ulsan, Korea March 30-April 1, 2015 Ulsan, Korea June 22-24, 2015 CIP EXAM COURSE 2 Ulsan, Korea April 2-4, 2015 Ulsan, Korea June 25-27, 2015 TURKEY Istanbul, Turkey April 13-18, 2015 UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Dubai, UAE April 11-16, 2015 Dubai, UAE May 30-June 4, 2015 Dubai, UAE June 6-12, 2015 REGISTER NOW SEATS AVAILABLE LIMITED SEATS AVAILABLE (5 OR LESS) WAIT LIST ONLY CONTACT LOCAL SPONSOR
9 Spring 2015 InspectThis! 9 UNITED KINGDOM Newcastle, UK March 16-21, 2015 Newcastle, UK March 23-28, 2015 Harrogate, UK April 27-May 2, 2015 Aberdeen, UK May 4-9, 2015 Aberdeen, UK May 10-15, 2015 Harrogate, UK June 15-20, 2015 Newcastle, UK March 16-21, 2015 Newcastle, UK March 23-28, 2015 Harrogate, UK June 23-28, 2015 CIP PEER REVIEW Newcastle, UK March 28-31, 2015 UNITED STATES St. Louis, MO March 15-20, 2015 Houston, TX March 15-20, 2015 Houston, TX March 22-27, 2015 Houston, TX March 28-April 2, 2015 Cape Canaveral, FL March 29-April 3, 2015 Kansas City, MO March 29-April 3, 2015 Seattle, WA April 5-10, 2015 Houston, TX April 6-11, 2015 Virginia Beach, VA April 12-17, 2015 Denver, CO April 12-17, 2015 Anaheim, CA April 12-17, 2015 Houston, TX April 12-17, 2015 Philadelphia, PA April 13-18, 2015 Houston, TX April 13-18, 2015 Houston, TX April 19-24, 2015 Houston, TX April 20-25, 2015 Houston, TX April 25-30, 2015 New Orleans, LA April 26-May 1, 2015 Houston, TX May 2-7, 2015 Albuquerque, NM May 3-8, 2015 Houston, TX May 3-8, 2015 Williamsville, NY May 11-16, 2015 Houston, TX May 11-16, 2015 Houston, TX May 17-22, 2015 New Orleans, LA May 24-29, 2015 Houston, TX May 30-June 4, 2015 Mobile, AL May 31-June 5, 2015 Bakersfield, CA May 31- June 5, 2015 Houston, TX May 31-June 5, 2015 Cape Canaveral, FL May 31-June 5, 2015 Houston, TX June 1-6, 2015 Waipahu, HI June 7-12, 2015 Houston, TX June 7-12, 2015 Newington, NH June 7-12, 2015 Anchorage, AK June 14-19, 2015 Houston, TX June 14-19, 2015 Houston, TX June 22-27, 2015 St. Louis, MO March 22-27, 2015 Houston, TX March 22-27, 2015 Houston, TX March 28-April 2, 2015 Houston, TX April 6-11, 2015 Cape Canaveral, FL April 12-17, 2015 Virginia Beach, VA April 19-24, 2015 Denver, CO April 19-24, 2015 Anaheim, CA April 19-24, 2015 Seattle, WA April 19-24, 2015 Houston, TX April 19-24, 2015 Philadelphia, PA April 20-25, 2015 Houston, TX May 3-8, 2015 Houston, TX May 17-22, 2015 New Orleans, LA May 31-June 5, 2015 Houston, TX May 31-June 5, 2015 Bakersfield, CA June 7-12, 2015 Houston, TX June 7-12, 2015 Houston, TX June 8-13, 2015 Waipahu, HI June 14-19, 2015 Houston, TX June 14-19, 2015 Newington, NH June 14-19, 2015 Anchorage, AK June 21-26, 2015 CIP ONE DAY BRIDGE COURSE Virginia Beach, VA April 18, 2015 New Orleans, LA May 12, 2015 CIP PEER REVIEW Baton Rouge, LA March 13-16, 2015 St. Louis, MO March 27-30, 2015 Houston, TX March 27-30, 2015 Cape Canaveral, FL April 17-20, 2015 Seattle, WA April 24-27, 2015 Houston, TX April 24-27, 2015 Houston, TX May 22-25, 2015 Bakersfield, CA June 12-15, 2015 COATINGS IN CONJUNCTION WITH CATHODIC PROTECTION Houston, TX April 12-17, 2015 Houston, TX June 7-12, 2015 MARINE COATING TECHNOLOGY Houston, TX May 18-21, 2015 PCS 1 BASIC PRINCIPLES Houston, TX April 19-21, 2015 Amarillo, TX May 4-6, 2015 PCS 2 ADVANCED Houston, TX June 28-30, 2015 REGISTER NOW SEATS AVAILABLE LIMITED SEATS AVAILABLE (5 OR LESS) WAIT LIST ONLY CONTACT LOCAL SPONSOR
10 10 InspectThis! Spring 2015 Coatings Resources NACE International Technical Committees Need You! Help influence industry standards. Exchange technical information. Strengthen your leadership skills. As a NACE International member, you can sign up online to join a committee go to the NACE Committees section at to join an STG or TEG. Contact the chair of a TG to indicate interest in that type of committee. Types of Committees Specific Technology Groups (STGs) Task Groups (TGs) Technology Exchange Groups (TEGs) TECHNICAL COMMITTEES Committee Description Scope/Assignment STG 02 Coatings and Linings, Protective: Atmospheric Scope: Determine uses, application, and performance of coatings for atmospheric service. Atmospheric service denotes industrial and commercial equipment, architectural structures, and bridges. TG 146 Coatings, Thermal-Spray Assignment: Review and revise joint standard NACE No. 12/AWS C2.23M/ SSPC-CS 23.00, Specification for the Application of Thermal Spray Coatings (Metalizing) of Aluminum, Zinc, and their Alloys and Composites for the Corrosion Protection of Steel. TG 148 TEG 192X Threaded Fasteners: Coatings for Protection of Threaded Fasteners Used with Structural Steel, Piping, and Equipment Coating Industry Problems Confronting Owners and Contractors Assignment: Revise NACE Publication 02107, Coatings for Protection of Threaded Fasteners Used with Structural Steel, Piping, and Equipment. Assignment: To provide a format for handling problems and issues that affect the owner and contractor utilizing coatings. Problems and issues may include hazardous waste, volatile organic compounds, applicator training, federal and state regulations, and others that may develop. TEG 255X Coatings, Thermal-Spray for Corrosion Protection Assignment: Exchange of information regarding thermal-spray coatings (TSCs) used for corrosion protection. TG 260 Review of NACE Standard TM Assignment: Review and revise as necessary the test methods in NACE Standard TM0304. TEG 311X TG 312 TG 340 Threaded Fasteners: Coatings and Methods of Protection for Threaded Fasteners Used with Structural Steel, Piping, and Equipment Offshore Platform Coatings for Atmospheric and Splash Zone New Construction Offshore Coating Condition Assessment for Maintenance Planning Assignment: Share information concerning, and discuss effective methods for, corrosion control of fasteners used with structural, piping, and equipment connections. Assignment: Review and revise as necessary the test methods in NACE Standard TM0404. Assignment: Develop a standard practice addressing a standard method and grading system to assess the in-service condition of offshore coatings. Provide direction regarding the use of assessment data in managing maintenance painting programs. The documented process will serve as an aid in the planning, budget, and execution of offshore maintenance programs. TEG 346X Offshore Coatings: Laboratory Testing Criteria Assignment: Review and critique laboratory testing methods designed to predict performance in an offshore environment. Assess test variables and gather data needed to improve industry standard techniques. TEG 399X TG 415 TG 422 TEG 424X Evaluation, Testing, and Specifying Coating Materials for Elevated Temperatures for Insulated and Uninsulated Service Review and Revise as Necessary NACE Standard RP Coatings for Elevated-Temperature Insulated or Noninsulated Exterior Service Liquid-Applied Insulative Coatings for Atmospheric Service at 0 to 375 F Assignment: Exchange information, create a task group for state-of-the-art report, followed by formation of a task group to write a standard practice, and sponsor symposium. Assignment: Review and revise if necessary NACE Standard RP , Method for Conducting Coating (Paint) Panel Evaluation Testing in Atmospheric Exposures. Assignment: To write a state-of-the-art report. Assignment: To discuss issues of spray-applied insulative coatings for elevatedtemperature exterior surfaces. TEG 428X Hot-Dip Galvanizing for Steel Corrosion Protection Assignment: To discuss and furnish technical information on the process of hot-dip galvanizing and its use as a corrosion protection system for steel fabrications as well as the inspection of hot-dip galvanized coatings with other corrosion protection systems. TG 477 TG 525 Test Methods for Determining True Insulation Value of Liquid Insulative Materials Applied on Steel Surfaces from 80 F to 275 F Determining True Insulative Value of Liquid Insulative Materials Applied on Steel Surfaces Assignment: To write a standard to determine thermal conductivity of liquid applied insulative materials. Assignment: Develop test methods for determining the true insulative value of liquid insulative materials applied on steel surfaces.
11 Spring 2015 InspectThis! 11 Coatings Resources Committee Description Scope/Assignment STG 03 TG 009 Coatings and Linings, Protective: Immersion and Buried Service Fiberglass-Reinforced Plastic Linings for Aboveground Storage Tank Floors Scope: Determine effectiveness, performance criteria, and quality needs of immersion coatings and lining materials used in immersion service. Assignment: To develop a standard practice for installing fiberglass-reinforced plastic linings within aboveground storage tanks. TG 030 Coating Conductance Assignment: To update and revise NACE Technical Committee Report 1D157, Methods for Measuring Leakage Conductance of Coating on Buried or Submerged Pipelines, into a NACE standard test method. TG 031 Pipeline Coating, Plant-Applied Fusion-Bonded Epoxy: Review of NACE Standard RP0394 Assignment: To update and revise NACE Standard RP , Application, Performance, and Quality Control of Plant-Applied, Fusion-Bonded Epoxy External Pipe Coating. TG 034 Pipeline Coatings, External: Gouge Test Assignment: To write a test method and criteria for evaluation of gouge resistance of a particular coating. TG 037 Pipelines, Oilfield: Thermoplastic Liners Assignment: To review and revise NACE Standard RP as necessary. TG 141 TG 246 Coatings and Linings over Concrete for Chemical Immersion and Containment Service Thin-Film Organic Linings Applied to Process Vessels and Tankages Assignment: To update SP to incorporate current technologies and practices to successfully protect concrete. Assignment: Develop application technology for applying thin-film linings to prevent corrosion, hydrogen-induced cracking, or other corrosion deterioration by internal corrosion mechanisms. TG 247 Reaffirm NACE Standard RP Assignment: To reaffirm NACE Standard RP , External Repair, Rehabilitation, and Weld Joints on Pipelines. TG 248 TG 249 TG 250 Coatings, Heat-Shrink Sleeves for External Repair, Rehabilitations, and Weld Joints on Pipelines Review and Revise as Necessary NACE Standard RP Coal-Tar Enamel Coatings for External Repair, Rehabilitations, and Weld Joints on Pipelines Assignment: To review and revise as needed NACE Standard RP , Field-Applied Heat-Shrinkable Sleeves for Pipelines: Application, Performance, and Quality Control. Assignment: Review and revise as necessary NACE Standard RP , Field-Applied Fusion-Bonded Epoxy (FBE) Pipe Coating Systems for Girth Weld Joints: Application, Performance, and Quality Control. Assignment: Review and revise/reaffirm as necessary NACE Standard RP , Field-Applied External Coal Tar Enamel Pipe Coating Systems: Application, Performance, and Quality Control. TG 251 Review and Revise or Reaffirm SP Assignment: To review and revise or reaffirm SP , Field Application of Bonded Tape Coatings for External Repair, Rehabilitation, and Weld Joints on Buried Metal Pipelines. TG 263 Review of NACE Standard TM Assignment: Review and revise as necessary the test methods in NACE Standard TM TG 264 TG 266 TG 281 TG 296 TG 298 TG 336 TG 337 TG 352 Offshore Exterior Submerged Coatings: Standard Test Methods Coating and Lining Materials in Immersion Service: Review of NACE Standard TM0174 Coatings, Polyurethane for Field Repair, Rehabilitation, and Girth Weld Joints on Pipelines Coating Systems, Wax, for Underground Piping Systems: Review of NACE Standard RP0375 Review and Revise as Necessary NACE Standard RP External Pipeline Coatings: Practices, Test Methods, and/or Test Methodologies for High-Operating- Temperature Pipelines, Immersion and Buried Service Only External Pipeline Coatings: Field Installation and Inspection Criteria for Maximum Performance Coating Systems (External) for Pipeline Directional Drill Applications Assignment: Review and revise as necessary the test methods in NACE Standard TM Assignment: Review and revise as necessary NACE Standard TM , Laboratory Methods for the Evaluation of Protective Coatings and Lining Materials in Immersion Service. Assignment: To develop a standard practice for a minimal specification for the field application, repair, and testing for a polyurethane coating to be used on the exterior of buried pipelines. Assignment: To review and revise as necessary NACE Standard RP0375, Wax Coating Systems for Underground Piping Systems. Assignment: To review and revise as necessary NACE Standard RP , Plant-Applied External Coal Tar Enamel Pipe Coating Systems: Application, Performance, and Quality Control. Assignment: Develop a technical committee report that outlines state-of-theart practices as described in the title. Assignment: Develop a standard practice that identifies common aspects of field installation pertaining to quality installation and long-term performance. Assignment: To develop a standard practice for minimum specifications for external coatings for use in directional drill service. TG 425 State of the Art in CUI Coating Systems Assignment: Describe available systems, performance, and industry-accepted criteria for coatings under insulation. TEG 435X Effects of Bioethanols on Fused Silica Containment Vessels in Immersion and Phase Change Exposures Assignment: To hold technical information exchanges (TIEs) on the effects of bioethanols, aromatic ethanols, and sulfurous emissions on fused silica containment vessels.
12 12 InspectThis! Spring 2015 Coatings Resources Committee Description Scope/Assignment TG 470 Cathodic Disbondment Test for Coated Steel Structures under Cathodic Protection Assignment: To develop a standard test method to conduct the cathodic disbondment test. TG 479 NACE Adoption of ISO Assignment: Review ISO with the goal to adopt or adopt with changes (amendments) to the standard and create a NACE/ISO, possibly modified, standard. TG 490 Review and Adoption of API 5L2, Recommended Practice for Internal Coating of Line Pipe for Non-Corrosive Gas Transportation Service Assignment: To review and modify (if and where necessary) API 5L2, Recommended Practice for Internal Coating of Line Pipe for Non-Corrosive Gas Transmission Service, with input from NACE user community. The standard will have a dual NACE/API number. TG 507 Review and Revise as Necessary SP Assignment: To review and revise as necessary SP , Discontinuity (Holiday) Testing of New Protective Coatings on Conductive Substrates. TG 508 Review and Revise as Necessary SP Assignment: To review and revise as necessary SP0490, Holiday Detection of Fusion-Bonded Epoxy External Pipeline Coatings of 250 to 760 µm (10 to 30 mils) TG 516 Standard Practice for Evaluating Protective Coatings for Use under Insulation Assignment: To write a standard practice for testing coatings for corrosion under insulation (CUI) prevention. TG 520 Pipeline Coating Peel Strength Test Assignment: To develop a simple and reliable peel test standard for the threelayer polyethylene, three-layer polypropylene, heat-shrink sleeve, and tape coatings in the field and laboratory. STG 04 Coatings and Linings, Protective: Surface Preparation Scope: Determine effectiveness, performance criteria, and quality needs of various methods of surface preparation for the application of coatings and linings. TG 006 Blasting: Review of Joint Standards NACE 1-4/SSPC-SP 5, 10, 6, and 7, and NACE No. 8/SSPC-SP 14 Assignment: To review, revise, or reaffirm as necessary joint blasting standards NACE No. 1-4/SSPC-SP 5, 10, 6, 7: White Metal Blast Cleaning, Near-White Metal Blast Cleaning, Commercial Blast Cleaning, and Brush-Off Blast Cleaning, and NACE No. 8/SSPC-SP 14, Industrial Blast Cleaning. TG 320 Review and Revise as Necessary NACE No. 13SSPC-ACS-1 Assignment: To review and revise as necessary NACE No. 13/SSPC-ACS-1, Industrial Coating and Lining Application Specialist Qualification and Certification. TG 323 Wet Abrasive Blast Cleaning Assignment: To review and update joint technical committee report NACE 6G198/SSPC-TR 2, Wet Abrasive Blast Cleaning. TG 350 Surface Preparation by Wet Abrasive Blast Cleaning Assignment: Develop a standard for wet abrasive blast cleaning of steel surfaces that will complement the existing NACE/SSPC joint standards for dry abrasive blast cleaning. TG 417 TG 419 TEG 423X Review and Revise as Necessary Joint Surface Preparation Standard NACE No. 6/SSPC-SP 13 Review and Revise as Necessary NACE Standard RP Nonvisible, Nonwater-Soluble Contaminants Affecting Corrosion Protection Assignment: Review and revise as necessary joint standard NACE No. 6/SSPC-SP 13, Surface Preparation of Concrete, to reflect current industry practices and to reflect proper reference to other industry publications. Assignment: Review and revise as necessary RP , Field Measurement of Surface Profile of Abrasive Blast-Cleaned Steel Surfaces Using a Replica Tape, and to include other methods of profile measurement now being widely used throughout the industry. Assignment: Discuss the effects of coating performance when applied over nonvisible, nonwater-soluble contaminants and their effects on coating performance. TG 443 Field Testing for Soluble Salts: Commonly Used Methods Assignment: Develop a technical committee report detailing commonly used soluble salts field test methods. TEG 469X Surface Preparation Issues Assignment: To provide a forum to discuss various issues affecting surface preparation. TG 518 Soluble Salt Testing Frequency and Locations on Previously Coated Surfaces Assignment: Develop a standard regarding soluble salt testing frequency and locations on previously coated surfaces. STG 43 Transportation, Land Scope: To promote the development of techniques to extend the life of land transportation equipment. TG 061 Revision of NACE SP0592 (formerly RP0592), Application of a Coating System to Interior Surfaces of New and Used Railway Tank Cars in Concentrated (90-98%) Sulfuric Acid Service Assignment: To update and revise NACE SP0592 (formerly RP0592), Application of a Coating System to Interior Surfaces of New and Used Railway Tank Cars in Concentrated (90-98%) Sulfuric Acid Service. TG 063 Railcars: Corrosion Protection and Control Program Assignment: Develop guidelines for railcar lining requalification. TEG 064X Railcar Surface Preparation Assignment: To keep abreast of industry changes and techniques and report findings annually.
13 Spring 2015 InspectThis! 13 Coatings Resources Committee Description Scope/Assignment TG 067 Review and Revise or Reaffirm NACE SP Assignment: To review and revise or reaffirm NACE SP , Selection and Application of a Coating System to Interior Surfaces of New and Used Rail Tank Cars in Molten Sulfur Service. TG 271 TEG 291X TG 332 TG 333 TG 339 Removal Procedures for Nonvisible Contaminants on Railcar Surfaces Land Transportation: Information Exchange on Corrosion and Coating-Related Issues Review and Revise or Reaffirm as Necessary NACE SP Review and Revise or Reaffirm as Necessary NACE SP Railcars: Coating Application on Exterior Surfaces of Steel Railcars Assignment: To prepare a technical committee report describing surface decontamination for railcars prior to coating application. Assignment: Technical information exchange in conjunction with an STG meeting. Assignment: To review and revise as necessary NACE SP (formerly RP0386), Application of a Coating System to Interior Surfaces of Covered Steel Hopper Railcars in Plastic, Food, and Chemical Service. Assignment: To review and revise or reaffirm NACE SP (formerly RP0295), Application of a Coating System to Interior Surfaces of New and Used Rail Tank Cars. Assignment: Review and revise as appropriate NACE Standard RP , Application of a Coating System to Exterior Surfaces of Steel Rail Cars. TG 366 Railcars: Corrosion under Tank Car Insulation Assignment: Review and revise as appropriate NACE Publication 14C296 to ensure information is still relevant. TG 378 Waterborne Coatings on Railcars Assignment: To prepare a state-of-the-art report on waterborne coatings on railcars. TG 379 TG 394 Surface Preparation by Encapsulated Blast Media for Repair of Existing Coatings on Railcars Guidelines for Qualifying Personnel as Abrasive Blasters and Coating and Lining Applicators in the Rail Industry Assignment: To prepare a state-of-the-art report on surface preparation by encapsulated blast media for repair of existing coatings on railcars. Assignment: To review and revise NACE Standard RP TG 406 Review of NACE SP Assignment: Review and revise as necessary NACE SP (formerly RP0398), Recommendations for Training and Qualifying Personnel as Railcar Coating and Lining Inspectors. TG 437 Maintenance Overcoating of Railcar Exteriors Assignment: To prepare a state-of-the-art report for the application of maintenance overcoating of railcar exteriors. TG 444 TG 456 Guidelines for Data Collection and Analysis of Railroad Tank Car Interior Coating/Lining Condition Coating Thickness Measurement, Methods, and Recording Specific to the Railcar Industry Assignment: To produce a standard that provides guidelines for inspecting, rating, and documenting the condition of interior coatings and linings in railroad tank cars to comply with H-201. Assignment: Prepare a state-of-the-art report outlining currently used procedures for dry film thickness measurement and recording for coatings on railcars. STG 44 Marine Corrosion: Ships and Structures Scope: To study the corrosion mechanisms, causes, effects, and corrosion control remedies for ships, structures, and equipment exposed to marine environments and to disseminate information in the form of industry standards and formal and informal technical information exchanges on the research, development, and performance of materials, coatings, and improved or innovative methods to mitigate problems related to marine corrosion. TEG 181X Marine Vessel Corrosion Assignment: To study the causes, effects, and remedies of corrosion in various marine vessels. TG 452 TG 461 Testing of Coating Suitability, Anode Consumption, and Corrosion Evaluation with Use of BWT Systems Standard for Hull Roughness Measurements on Ship Hulls in Dry Dock Assignment: To write a standard on evaluation of risk for damage to coatings, increased anode consumption, and corrosion in conjunction with the use of ballast water treatment (BWT) systems. Assignment: To develop a standard on how to perform both in-docking hull roughness readings (before blasting and cleaning in dry dock) and before out-docking hull roughness readings. TG 475 Standard for Underwater Evaluation of Degrees of Fouling Assignment: To develop a pictorial standard to be used to evaluate the (1) extent, (2) location, and (3) type of fouling to ship hulls and propellers. TG 476 Corrosion Protection of Offshore Wind Power Units Assignment: To write a standard practice that defines a life cycle of corrosion protection for offshore wind power structures. TEG 523X Marine Corrosion of Copper Alloys Assignment: To discuss and disseminate information on marine corrosion of copper and copper alloys.
14 14 InspectThis! Spring 2015 Coatings Resources STANDARDS & REPORTS Atmospheric Service Standards Item Number SP Corrosion Control of Offshore Structures by Protective Coatings RP Method for Conducting Coating (Paint) Panel Evaluation Testing in Atmospheric Exposures SP (formerly RP0297) Maintenance Painting of Electrical Substation Apparatus Including Flow Coating of Transformer Radiators NACE No. 12/AWS C2.23M/SSPC-CS Specification for the Application of Thermal Spray Coatings (Metallizing) of Aluminum, Zinc, and Their Alloys and Composites for the Corrosion Protection of Steel (RP ) TM Offshore Platform Atmospheric and Splash Zone Maintenance Coating System Evaluation TM Offshore Platform Atmospheric and Splash Zone New Construction Coating System Evaluation Reports Item Number NACE Publication 80200/SSPC-TR 4 Preparation of Protective Coating Specifications for Atmospheric Service NACE Publication Liquid-Applied Coatings for High-Temperature Atmospheric Service NACE Publication 02203/ICRI Technical Guideline 03741/SSPC-TR 5 Design, Installation, and Maintenance of Protective Polymer Flooring Systems for Concrete Immersion/Buried Service Standards Item Number SP (formerly RP0274) High-Voltage Electrical Inspection of Pipeline Coatings Prior to Installation RP Field-Applied Underground Wax Coating Systems for Underground Pipelines: Application, Performance, and Quality Control SP (formerly RP0185) Extruded Polyolefin Resin Coating Systems with Soft Adhesives for Underground or Submerged Pipe SP Coating Technical File in Accordance with the IMO Performance Standard for Protective Coatings SP (formerly RP0188) Discontinuity (Holiday) Testing of New Protective Coatings on Conductive Substrates SP (formerly RP0288) Inspection of Linings on Steel and Concrete SP (formerly RP0490) Holiday Detection of Fusion-Bonded Epoxy External Pipeline Coatings of 250 to 760 µm ( to 30 mils) SP (formerly RP0892) Coatings and Linings over Concrete for Chemical Immersion and Containment Service SP (formerly RP0394) Application, Performance, and Quality Control of Plant-Applied, Fusion-Bonded Epoxy External Pipe Coating SP (formerly RP0298) Sheet Rubber Linings for Abrasion and Corrosion Service RP Plant-Applied, External Coal Tar Enamel Pipe Coating Systems: Application, Performance, and Quality Control NACE No. 10/SSPC-PA 6 Fiberglass-Reinforced Plastic (FRP) Linings Applied to Bottoms of Carbon Steel Aboveground Storage Tanks (RP ) RP Field-Applied Fusion-Bonded Epoxy (FBE) Pipe Coating Systems for Girth Weld Joints: Application, Performance, and Quality Control RP Liquid-Epoxy Coatings for External Repair, Rehabilitation, and Weld Joints on Buried Steel Pipelines SP (formerly RP0181) Liquid-Applied Internal Protective Coatings for Oilfield Production Equipment RP Field-Applied Coal Tar Enamel Pipe Coating Systems: Application, Performance, and Quality Control NACE No. 11/SSPC-PA 8 Thin-Film Organic Linings Applied in New Carbon Steel Process Vessels (RP ) RP Field-Applied Heat-Shrinkable Sleeves for Pipelines: Application, Performance, and Quality Control RP Design, Installation, and Operation of Thermoplastic Liners for Oilfield Pipelines TM Laboratory Methods for the Evaluation of Protective Coatings and Lining Materials on Metallic Substrates in Immersion Service TM Measurement of Protective Coating Electrical Conductance on Underground Pipelines TM Offshore Platform Ballast Water Tank Coating System Evaluation TM Exterior Protective Coatings for Seawater Immersion Service SP Field Application of Bonded Tape Coatings for External Repair, Rehabilitation, and Weld Joints on Buried Metal Pipelines TM Aboveground Survey Techniques for the Evaluation of Underground Pipeline Coating Condition 21254
15 Spring 2015 InspectThis! 15 Coatings Resources Surface Preparation Standards SP (formerly RP0178) RP TM Design, Fabrication, and Surface Finish Practices for Tanks and Vessels to be Lined for Immersion Service Field Measurement of Surface Profile of Abrasive Blast Cleaned Steel Surfaces Using a Replica Tape Test Procedures for Organic-Based Conductive Coating Anodes for Use on Concrete Structures NACE No. 1/SSPC-SP 5 White Metal Blast Cleaning (SP ) NACE No. 2/SSPC-SP 10 Near-White Metal Blast Cleaning (SP ) NACE No. 3/SSPC-SP 6 Commercial Blast Cleaning (SP ) NACE No. 4/SSPC-SP 7 Brush-Off Blast Cleaning (SP ) WJ-1: SP WJ-2: SP Joint Surface Preparation Standard Waterjet Cleaning of Metals Clean to Bare Substrate (WJ-1) Joint Surface Preparation Standard Waterjet Cleaning of Metals Very Thorough Cleaning (WJ-2) WJ-3: SP Joint Surface Preparation Standard Waterjet Cleaning of Metals Thorough Cleaning (WJ-3) WJ-4: SP Joint Surface Preparation Standard Waterjet Cleaning of Metals Light Cleaning (WJ-4) NACE No. 6/SSPC-SP 13 Surface Preparation of Concrete (RP ) NACE No. 8/SSPC-SP 14 Industrial Blast Cleaning (SP ) NACE No. 13/SSPC-ACS-1 Industrial Coating and Lining Application Specialist Qualification and Certification SP Methods of Validating Equivalence to ISO on Measurement of the Levels of Soluble Salts SP Definition of Set Soluble Salt Levels by Conductivity Measurements Reports NACE Publication 6A192/SSPC-TR 3 Dehumidification and Temperature Control during Surface Preparation, Application, and Curing for Coatings/Linings of Steel Tanks, Vessels, and Other Enclosed Spaces NACE Publication 6G194/SSPC-TR 1 Thermal Precleaning NACE Publication 6G197/SSPC-TU 2 Design, Installation, and Maintenance of Coating Systems for Concrete Used in Secondary Containment NACE Publication 6G198/SSPC-TR 2 Wet Abrasive Blast Cleaning Land Transportation Standards SP (formerly RP0386) SP (formerly RP0592) Application of a Coating System to Interior Surfaces of Covered Steel Hopper Rail Cars in Plastic, Food, and Chemical Service Application of a Coating System to Interior Surfaces of New and Used Rail Tank Cars in Concentrated (90 to 98%) Sulfuric Acid Service RP Application of a Coating System to Exterior Surfaces of Steel Rail Cars SP (formerly RP0295) Application of a Coating System to Interior Surfaces of New and Used Rail Tank Cars RP SP (formerly RP0398) SP (formerly RP0302) Reports Guidelines for Qualifying Personnel as Abrasive Blasters and Coating and Lining Applicators in the Rail Industries Recommendations for Training and Qualifying Personnel as Railcar Coating and Lining Inspectors Selection and Application of a Coating System to Interior Surfaces of New and Used Rail Tank Cars in Molten Sulfur Service NACE Publication 14C296 Protective Coatings for Mitigating Corrosion under Insulation on Rail Tank Cars NACE Publication 6G198/SSPC-TR 2 Wet Abrasive Blast Cleaning Item Number Item Number Item Number Item Number
16 16 InspectThis! Spring 2015 Introducing the 3-Year Warranty on on on the Model 10/20 Holiday Detector!
Chapter 2 Asset Management and CMOM Chapter Outline This chapter is organized into the following sections: Introduction Asset Management Capacity, Management, Operation and Maintenance (CMOM) Introduction
Pa mphl e t73 At mo s p h e r i cmo n i t o r i n g Eq u i p me n tf o rch l o r i n e Ed i t i o n7 J une2003 Table of Contents 1. INTRODUCTION... 1 1.1 PURPOSE... 1 1.2 RESPONSIBLE CARE... 1 1.3 BACKGROUND...
Property Loss: The Correct Response A Homeowner s Guide To Disaster Recovery Property Loss 1 Introduction Letter Suffering a loss caused by fire, water, or wind is a terrible thing. It can throw your life
Industry Guide 41 A Guide to OSHA for Small Businesses in North Carolina N.C. Department of Labor Occupational Safety and Health Division 1101 Mail Service Center Raleigh, NC 27699-1101 Cherie Berry Commissioner
Roofing Solutions Reference Manual for Property Managers, Owners, Architects, and Specifiers US$19.95 Money-saving roof restoration options Why problem prevention is your best value How roof maintenance
United States Office of Solid Waste EPA 550-B99-003 Environmental Protection and Emergency Response November 1999 Agency (5104) www.epa.gov/ceppo/ RMPs Are on the Way! How LEPCs and Other Local Agencies
Texas Department of Insurance Accident Prevention Plan Program Guide Provided by For Small Business Employers Workers Health & Safety HS96-103D (12/06) Preface This guide is designed to help you eliminate
Stay on Track for the PMP Exam with layout, contents and the copyright notes remain unchanged. Items (questions with answering options) from this document may be copied and discussed in public forums and
STEPS TO SUCCESS FOR RURAL ENTREPRENEURS: STARTING A SMALL ENGINE REPAIR SHOP PREPARED FOR U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION MARCH 2008 University of Alaska Center for Economic
HOW TO MANAGE WORK HEALTH AND SAFETY RISKS Code of Practice DECEMBER 2011 Safe Work Australia is an Australian Government statutory agency established in 2009. Safe Work Australia consists of representatives
Guidebook of Part Cleaning Alternatives Making Cleaning Greener in Massachusetts Principal Authors: Karen Thomas Toxics Use Reduction Institute University of Massachusetts Lowell John Laplante Alan Buckley
Credit value:? Unit 3 Information systems 3 Information systems Organisations can exploit information to do better at planning, monitoring and controlling their business activity. However, it is easy to
Contents 4 How standards make the difference 15 4 6 8 10 11 12 13 14 Quality Driving efficiency and improving quality Case study how Agua Fabrics use ISO 9001 About standards Standards made simple Sustainability
20 INFORMATION MANAGEMENT & COMPUTER SECURITY 3,2 Promoting security awareness and commitment Phil Spurling Alcoa encourages people to be honest Introduction When we talk about promoting computer security
1. Report No. FHWA NHI 05-036 4. Title and Subtitle Guidelines for the Installation, Inspection, Maintenance and Repair of Structural Supports for Highway Signs, Luminaires, and Traffic Signals Technical
RESTRICTED This Report is submitted to the Government of The Netherlands. Its initial distribution is restricted to the authorities concerned, the contributors to the report and responsible Agency staff.
Hazard Identification, Analysis, and Control OSHAcademy Course 704 Study Guide Hazard Identification and Control Copyright 2013 Geigle Safety Group, Inc. No portion of this text may be reprinted for other
General Principles of Software Validation; Final Guidance for Industry and FDA Staff Document issued on: January 11, 2002 This document supersedes the draft document, "General Principles of Software Validation,
LET'S PLAN ON IT! A Guide to Providing Transportation Services in Rural Areas For Seniors and Persons with Disabilities May 2013 1 Foreword LET'S PLAN ON IT! is intended to help municipalities, service
A G X S W H I T E P A P E R A Primer An Introduction to Electronic Data Interchange Table of Contents Section 1 A Definition of EDI...3 What is EDI?...3 Traditional Document Exchange...3 The EDI Alternative...4
Credit value: 10 2 Working in the science industry You might know already which branch of science you are most interested in, or perhaps you are using this course to find out about the different branches
Local Agency Guidelines for Developing an Asset Management Process and Plan May, 2011 SPONSORED BY: MICHIGAN TRANSPORTATION ASSET MANAGEMENT COUNCIL MICHIGAN DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PREPARED BY: OPUS
Key fingerprint = AF19 FA27 2F94 998D FDB5 DE3D F8B5 06E4 A169 4E46 Disaster Recovery and Business Continuity Step-by-Step Version 2.0 October 2002 2002 The SANS Institute No copying, electronic forwarding
IN MOTION Annual Report 2012/13 THE GROUP IN FIGURES AURUBIS GROUP (IFRS) 2012/13 1) 2011/12 1)2) Change in % INCOME STATEMENT Revenues million 12,346 13,789 10.5 EBITDA million (56) 717 107.8 Operating