RR887. Changes in shift work patterns over the last ten years (1999 to 2009)

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "RR887. Changes in shift work patterns over the last ten years (1999 to 2009)"

Transcription

1 Health and Safety Executive Changes in shift work patterns over the last ten years (999 to 009) Prepared by Office for National Statistics for the Health and Safety Executive 0 RR887 Research Report

2 Crown copyright 0 First published 0 You may reuse this information (not including logos) free of charge in any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government Licence. To view the licence visit write to the Information Policy Team, The National Archives, Kew, London TW9 4DU, or Some images and illustrations may not be owned by the Crown so cannot be reproduced without permission of the copyright owner. Enquiries should be sent to ii

3 Health and Safety Executive Changes in shift work patterns over the last ten years (999 to 009) Matthew Steel Office for National Statistics Government Buildings Cardiff Road Newport NP0 8XG The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) have approached the Office for National Statistics (ONS) to carry out an updated analysis of shift work in the UK based on the last ten years worth of data (999 to 009) from the Labour Force Survey (LFS). This paper examines changes in shift work patterns across the UK workforce over the last decade. The report investigates differences in the reporting of shift work based on gender, age, region, occupation and industry and also compares engagement in the different types of shift patterns. This report and the work it describes were funded by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE). Its contents, including any opinions and/or conclusions expressed, are those of the author alone and do not necessarily reflect HSE policy. HSE Books

4 Background The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) have approached the Office for National Statistics (ONS) to carry out an updated analysis of shift work in the UK based on the last ten years worth of data (999 to 009) from the Labour Force Survey (LFS). This paper examines changes in shift work patterns across the UK workforce over the last decade. The report investigates differences in the reporting of shift work based on gender, age, region, occupation and industry and also compares engagement in the different types of shift patterns. Summary of Key Findings The overall proportion engaged in shift work has remained consistent across the past decade. Where gender differences were identified, it continues to be males rather than females that are more likely to be engaged in any form of shift work pattern (irrespective of whether the frequency reported is most of the time or some of the time ). Where we compare the proportional data between 999 and 009, a downward trend is evident among males in the number that have reported working shift work most of the time across the time series. Where we consider age, it continues to be individuals grouped within the youngest age band (6 to 4 years of age) that are most likely to report engaging in shift work patterns. The number of males within the youngest age band engaging in shift work most of the time has increased across the decade in question where we compare the proportions between 999 and 009. Although an increase was also seen in reported shift work most of the time among females in the youngest age group, this increase was not statistically significant. Across the time series it was individuals working within the countries Wales and Scotland that were most likely to report engaging in any pattern of shift work. It was consistently the country Northern Ireland that displayed the lowest reported levels of any frequency of shift work. Where we consider government office regions, the highest levels of reported engagement in shift work were in the North East of England and Scotland. The lowest levels of shift work participation were reported in Northern Ireland and London. Those working within the Personal protection occupations remain the most likely to engage in any form of shift work pattern. Individuals employed within the transport and communication industry classification were the most likely to be working shift patterns. The most prevalent form of shift work pattern reported by those engaging in shift work was the two shift system. This pattern often comprises of two shifts of eight hours in duration which are usually alternated weekly or over longer intervals.

5 Methodological considerations In attempting a time-series analysis of LFS data spanning a decade, a number of issues required careful consideration. One particular issue concerned the re-weighting exercises which have been performed on the LFS datasets in the years of 007 and 009. For current analytical purposes, datasets between 999 and 006 have been weighted using the 007 person level weights. Datasets between 007 and 009 have been weighted using the 009 person level weights. Further consideration was necessary following revisions to the structure and frequency of the LFS. In 006 the survey switched from a seasonal-quarter to a calendar-quarter basis, in order to fall in line with EU Regulation. As a consequence of the shift work questions appearing only in a single LFS quarter, the realignment from seasonal to calendar quarters altered the months where the question would be asked. Where the variable was originally asked within the seasonal quarter of spring (March May), from 006 it would be administered in the calendar quarter of April-June. A major change such as this clearly presents difficulties for analysis of trend data. The aforementioned re-weighting exercises were performed only on a limited series of LFS back data on a calendar-quarter basis. As a direct result, March data on shift work were omitted from datasets prior to 006. Where only two of the three months worth of shift work data were present, the decision was made to apportion the observed ratio in the two month s for which data was present to the month where data was missing. The current paper therefore makes the assumption that the reporting of shift work patterns would remain consistent across the three months and that similar reporting would occur in June as it would in April and May. In 999 LFS response options for the frequency of shift work at the variable SHIFTWK altered from occasionally and sometimes to usually and most of the time. The variable name altered to reflect this change from SHFTWK to SHFTWK99. Although this should not impact on current analysis, any attempt to compare current analysis with the previous report (McOrmond 004) may prove difficult due to the potential discontinuities (Please refer to Appendix i for further information about the shift work questions which are administered on the LFS). Background shift work Shift work can be thought of as a work pattern under which different groups of workers succeed each other in the same job at the same site or location. At the beginning of the shift work, the work of the previous shift is taken over and at the end of the shift, the work is handed over to the next shift. Shift work can often entail working during unsocial hours in the early morning, at night or during the weekend and the weekly rest days do not always coincide with normal rest days (i.e. weekends).

6 Shift work can be prevalent in firms or organisations which remain open and working or providing services outside of the expected working hours. We often tend to treat expected working hours as those conforming to the parameters of 8am and 6pm on weekdays. Individuals whose work pattern may vary to suit day-to-day needs but, who are not part of any regular schedule do not fulfil the LFS criteria for shift work. Some respondents, especially on covering duties in the health sector, may not recognise that they are working as part of a larger shift pattern. LFS interviewers are trained to be aware of this potential under-reporting and encouraged to probe to ensure complete coverage. Respondents who reported engaging in shift work were able to categorise this frequency under the response options most of the time or occasionally. Where respondents were unable to distinguish between these two options, advice was provided by interviewers to treat more than fifty per cent of their employment hours as most of the time. Frequency of shift work As shown in Table, the overall proportion of respondents who reported engaging in shift work has remained largely consistent across the previous decade. Having said this, there does appear to be a slight reduction in the overall number of respondents reporting working shift patterns most of the time. This downward trend, where we compare the proportions engaging in shift work most of the time between 999 and 009, is only statistically significant among men. Table : Proportions of people in employment working shift patterns by sex; United Kingdom; 999 to 009 Per Cent Males Females All, , , Most of the time Occasionally Never Unweighted base,465,448 9,99 0,978 4,404 4,46 Weighted base (000s) 9,559,94 8,07, 7,60 4,7 Weighted to 007 population totals Following realignment from seasonal to calendar quarters, data for June was assumed to follow the same pattern as that of April and May. Weighted to 009 population totals In previous analysis by McOrmond (004), the proportion of individuals never working shift patterns were compared in an attempt to identify changes in shift work. Figure illustrates the proportion of individuals that never participated 4

7 in shift work as part of their main job across the last ten years. This graph supports the finding that overall proportions engaging in shift work related behaviour have remained relatively consistent across the last decade (For full results see Table A and Table B in Appendix iii). Figure : Proportions of people in employment who never do shift work; United Kingdom; 999, to 009 Per cent Year M e n W o m e n A l l Weighted to 007 population totals Following realignment from seasonal to calendar quarters, data for June was assumed to follow the same pattern as that of April and May. Weighted to 009 population totals Shift work by Gender In every year of the previous decade, men were more likely to report engaging in shift work most of the time when compared with women (Figure ). This difference was most pronounced for the year 005 where 5.7 per cent of males reported working shift work most of the time compared with. per cent of women. It is interesting to note that among men, the proportion working shift work most of the time has fallen from 6.0 per cent in 999 to 4.8 per cent in 009. The proportion of women has remained more consistent across the decade and unlike males, has not declined by a statistically significant level. per cent worked shift work most of the time in 999 compared with.0 per cent in

8 Figure : Proportions of people in employment who report working shift work most of the time by sex; United Kingdom; 999, to Per cent 5 4 M a l e s F e m a l e s Year Weighted to 007 population totals Following realignment from seasonal to calendar quarters, data for June was assumed to follow the same pattern as that of April and May. Weighted to 009 population totals A similar pattern is present when we consider those who report engaging in shift work occasionally. A higher number of males declared working shift patterns at this frequency when compared with women across each of the last ten years (For full results see Table B in Appendix iii). McOrmond (004) was able to explain this higher propensity for males to engage in shift work through their greater likelihood to work in manufacturing based industries. Such industries are renowned for shift work patterns. Shift work by Age Among men, the age group most likely to be engaged in shift work most of the time were those aged 6-4 (Table ). The proportion of males within this age group who reported working shift patterns most of the time has increased from 7.7 per cent in 999 to 0.6 per cent in 009. In each year of the last decade, employed men over the age of 50 were the least likely age group to report shift work as their regular work pattern. The proportion of males aged between 5 and 49 and reporting shift work most of the time has declined from 7. per cent in 999 to 5. per cent in 009. (For full results see Table C in appendix iii). Among women, it was also the youngest age group that were the most likely to report working some form of shift pattern. Those aged between 6 and 4 had the highest percentage engaged in shift work most of the time. This proportion has increased, although not by a statistically significant level, from 0. per cent in 999 to. per cent in 009. Women aged 50 years and over were the least likely of the three age bandings to report working shift patterns (For full results see Table D in appendix iii). 6

9 Table : Proportions of people in employment working shift patterns by sex and age group; United Kingdom; 999 to 009 Per Cent Males Females, , Age Group 6-4 Most of the time Occasionally Never Most of the time Occasionally Never Most of the time Occasionally Never Unweighted base,465,448 9,99 0,978 Weighted base (000s) 9,559,94 8,07, Weighted to 007 population totals Following realignment from seasonal to calendar quarters, data for June was assumed to follow the same pattern as that of April and May. Weighted to 009 population totals Shift Work by Region In order to prevent any risk of disclosure when analysing the regional breakdown of shift work patterns it has been necessary to amalgamate the categories for working shift work most of the time and occasionally. Following this decision, regional analysis will compare those who have engaged in shift work patterns, irrespective of frequency, with those never engaging in shift work at all in their main job. At the beginning of the time series those individuals working within the countries of Wales and Scotland reported the highest levels of shift work engagement. Within Wales.8 per cent of workers reported some frequency of shift work pattern. Within Scotland.8 per cent of workers reported some frequency of shift work in their main job. Individuals working within Northern Ireland were the least likely to report any form of shift pattern in their main job, with 4.6 per cent of individuals working some frequency of shift work. Across the decade the levels of reported shift work within Wales declined from.8 per cent in 999 to 8. per cent in 009 (Figure ). A slight decline was also identified where we compare the proportion engaging in any frequency of shift work in Northern Ireland in 999 and compare this with the number engaging in 009 although this was not statistically significant (4.6% in 999 compared with.% in 009). 7

10 In 009, we see that those individuals working within Scotland are the most likely to report engaging in any form of shift work pattern (.% of individuals reported working some amount of shift work in their main job). It remains Northern Ireland where the lowest levels of shift work are recorded (.% of individuals reported working some frequency of shift work in their main job). (For full results see Table E in appendix iii). Figure : Proportions of people in employment engaging in shift work by country; United Kingdom; 00, to Per Cent England Wales Scotland Northern Ireland Country Weighted to 007 population totals Following realignment from seasonal to calendar quarters, data for June was assumed to follow the same pattern as that of April and May. Weighted to 009 population totals Where we then move on to consider the prevalence of shift work by Government Office Region, we see that the highest reported levels of shift work engagement in the year 999 were present in the North East region of England (4.% of respondents reported engaging in some frequency of shift work in their main job). The lowest proportions of shift work were reported in the regions of London and Northern Ireland in the year 999 (.9% and 4.6% respectively) A downward trend was identified in the levels of shift work reported in the region Yorkshire and Humberside from 0.6 per cent in 999 to 8.4 per cent in 009. A decline was also witnessed in the proportions engaging in shift work in the North East region although this drop was not statistically significant (4.% in 999 compared with to.9% in 009). In the year 009, it was the Government Office Regions North East England and Scotland that reported the highest proportions of workers engaging in some frequency of shift work (.9% and.% respectively). Northern Ireland continued to display the lowest proportion of workers engaging in any form of shift work (.% of respondents recorded any form of shift work) (For full results see Table F in appendix iii). 8

11 Shift work by Occupation The new SOC000 variables were introduced into the Labour Force Survey in 00, because SOC90 became outdated. The revisions, which included tighter definition of managerial occupations and the movement of many job titles between major job groups, make analysis of occupation across the previous decade difficult. A decision was therefore taken to exclude data for the years 999 and 000 from analysis which reported existing SOC990 variables. Where we consider the prevalence of individuals who report working shift patterns, irrespective of whether this is most of the time or occasionally, it is those workers in the personal protection occupational grouping who were most likely to report engaging in shift work. Among males within this occupation, a consistent proportion of at least two-fifths reported working any patterns of shift work in their main job (Figure 4). The years 00 and 006 contained the highest proportions of shift work among males in the personal protection occupations, with 47.4 per cent and 46.9 per cent of workers engaging in any form of shift work respectively. The percentage of males working in the personal protection industry and engaging in shift work has dropped slightly, but not at a statistically significant level, from 47.4 per cent in 00 to 45. per cent in 009. Two occupations which displayed a rise in the number of males engaging in shift work were sales and clerical/secretarial. Within sales, the proportion of men engaging in shift work has increased from 8. per cent in 00 to 6.0 per cent in 009. Within the clerical/secretarial occupational grouping, the proportion of men engaging in shift work increased from.7 per cent in 00 to 5.4 per cent in 009 although this particular increase was not statistically significant (For full results see Table G in appendix iii). Among females, it was similarly those working in the personal protection occupation who reported the highest propensity for shift working (Figure 4). The highest proportion was reported in 00 where.0 per cent recorded working some form of shift pattern. Although the percentage of women engaging in shift work has remained highest for those in personal protection occupations, this proportion has displayed a downward but not statistically significant decline (0.7% in 00 compared with 6.9% in 009). Women working in sales displayed a rise in the number reporting shift work patterns. The overall proportion increased from 5.9 per cent in 00 to. per cent in 009. In 00 the proportion of women engaged in shift work in the associate professional/technical occupation was 6.0 per cent. In 009 this proportion had reduced to. per cent. In 00, 4. per cent of women working within craft and related occupations reported engaging in shift work. In 009 this proportion had decreased to.9 per cent. This change was not statistically significant. (For full results see Table H in appendix iii). 9

12 Figure 4: Proportions of people in employment engaging in shift work by occupation; United Kingdom; 00, to 009 Men Per Cent All Occupation Managers and Admin Professional Associate Prof and Tech Clerical, Secretarial Craft and related occupations Personal, Protection Sales Plant and machine operatives Other Occupations Occupation Women Per Cent All Occupation Managers and Admin Professional Associate Prof and Tech Clerical, Secretarial Occupation Craft and related occupations Personal, Protection Sales Plant and machine operatives Other Occupations Weighted to 007 population totals Following realignment from seasonal to calendar quarters, data for June was assumed to follow the same pattern as that of April and May. Weighted to 009 population totals Where we consider just those who report working shift patterns most of the time, the personal protection occupation had the highest reported levels of shift work. About two-fifths of male workers within this occupation reported working shift work most of the time. Men working in professional occupations were the least likely to report working shift patterns most of the time. Although among women, the personal protection occupation was again the most likely occupation for respondents to report working shift work most of the time, the actual proportions were considerably lower than for males. Approximately a quarter of female workers in the personal protection occupation reported working shift work most of the time. Similarly to males, 0

13 women working within the professional occupation were the least likely to report working shift patterns most of the time. Shift work by Industry The new SIC007 variables were introduced onto the Labour Force Survey in 009, as an update to the existing SIC9 classification. As data for 009 was classified using SIC007 rather than SIC9 a decision was made to exclude this year from analysis. Where we consider the prevalence of individuals who report working shift patterns, irrespective of whether this is most of the time or occasionally, it is those workers in the transport and communication industry where we find the proportion of workers engaged in shift work to be highest. Among males within this industry, a consistent proportion of at least one third reported working any patterns of shift work (Figure 5). The proportion of men in this industry engaged in shift work has decreased slightly, although not by a statistically significant level, from 7. per cent in 999 to 5. per cent in 008. (For full results see Table I in appendix iii). Among females, the transport and communication industry also accounts for the highest proportion of women in shift work. Just over one fifth of women within this industry reported engaging in shift work and this figure has remained stable across the time-series (Figure 5) (For full results see Table J in appendix iii). Among both men and women, the proportions engaging in shift work within the manufacturing industry has shown a small decline. In the year 999, 8. per cent of men in this industry were working shift patterns compared with 5.4 per cent in 008. For women, although not a statistically significant decline,.5 per cent were working shift work in this industry in 999 compared with 9.4 per cent in 008. Where we consider the distribution, hotels and restaurants industry, the proportion of men engaging in shift work has increased across the time series (8.4% in 999 compared with.% in 008). An increase can also be seen among females the proportion working within this industry and engaged in shift work has increased from 5.8 per cent in 999 to 9. per cent in 008.

14 Figure 5: Proportions of people in employment engaging in shift work by industry; United Kingdom; 999, to Men * * Agriculture and Fishing Energy and Water Manufacturing Construction Distibution, hotels and restaurants Transport and communication Banking, finance, insurance etc Public adminstration, education and health Other servies Women * * * 0 Agriculture and Fishing Energy and Water Manufacturing Construction Distibution, hotels and restaurants Transport and communication Banking, finance, insurance etc Public adminstration, education and health Other servies Weighted to 007 population totals Following realignment from seasonal to calendar quarters, data for June was assumed to follow the same pattern as that of April and May. Weighted to 009 population totals *Sample size too small for reliable estimate Among males, almost one-third of workers in the transport and communication industry reported working shift work most of the time. This proportion has dropped slightly over the past decade from. per cent in 999 to 9.5 per cent in 008. This downward trend is not statistically significant. Approximately one fifth of women working within the transport and communication industry were doing shift work most of the time and this proportion has remained stable. Within the manufacturing industry, the proportion of males working shift work most of the time has shown a decline. In 999, 4.0 per cent of males reported engaging in shift work most of the time compared with.8 per cent in 008. A similar decrease but not at a statistically significant level can be

15 seen among women - the proportions working shift work most of the time has decreased from 0. per cent in 999 to 7.9 per cent in 008. In 999, 4.7 per cent of males working within the distribution, hotels and restaurants industry reported working shift patterns most of the time. This proportion has increased to 8.6 per cent in 008. A slight rise in the proportions is also evident among women (.% in 999 compared with 5.7% in 008). A reduction in the proportion of women reporting shift work most of the time was identified in the public administration, education and health industry. The proportions have dropped from 8. per cent in 999 to 5.7 per cent in 008. Type of Shift Work Where respondents indicated working shift work in their main job, either most of the time or occasionally, a further question investigated the actual type of shift work that they engaged in (For some further information about the different types of shift work please refer to Box in appendix ii). Across the previous decade, the most common type of reported shift pattern among those engaging in shift work was the two shift system (Figure 6). This result is again directly comparable with that found by McOrmond (004). Across the last ten years the proportion of those reporting shift work and working this type of shift pattern has remained consistent at approximately 0 per cent. Across every year of the decade in question, women were more likely than men to report working the two shift system (.% compared with 6.% in 999 and.6% compared with 5.4% in 009).

16 Figure 6: The type of shift work reported by those working any frequency of shift work in their main job; United Kingdom; 999, to Three-shift Continental Two shift Sometimes Split Morning Evening or Night Weekend Other night/ twilight Sometimes day Weighted to 007 population totals Following realignment from seasonal to calendar quarters, data for June was assumed to follow the same pattern as that of April and May. Weighted to 009 population totals The number of shift workers reporting a three shift working pattern has declined from 5.4 per cent in 999 to 9.5 per cent in 009. A decline in the proportions working a night shift pattern is also evident although this change is not statistically significant (0.0% in 999 compared with 8.% in 009). The response other type of shift work, which is used by respondents when no other response option will suffice has seen an increase in reporting from 8.4 per cent in 999 to 5.5 per cent in 009. Such a finding helps to suggest that new patterns of shift work may be emerging (For full results see Table K in appendix iii). 4

17 References McOrmond, T (004) Changes to working trends over the past decade, pp, vol, no, Labour Market Trends. Appendix i SHFTWK99 Administered in the April to June LFS quarter only Do you do shift work in your (main) job. Most of the time. Occasionally. Or never? Applies to all respondents in employment during the interviewing reference week excluding college based government schemes. SHFTYP Administered in the April to June LFS quarter only What type of shift pattern do you work?. three-shift working. continental shifts. two-shift system with earlies and lates /double day shifts 4. sometimes night and sometimes day shifts 5. split shifts 6. morning shifts 7. evening or twilight shifts 8. night shifts 9. weekend shifts 0. other type of shift work. Applies to all respondents in employment who may do shift work (SHFTWK99 = or ) 5

18 Appendix ii 6

19 Appendix iii Table A Proportions of people working shift patterns ; United Kingdom; 999 to , 000, 00, 00, 00, 004, 005, 006, Most of the time Occasionally Never Unweighted base 4,404 4,59 40,598 40,69 7,99 6,500 6,40 50,464 49,5 46,596 4,46 Weighted base (000s) 7,60 7,65 8,067 8,060 7,798 7,954 8,059 5,940 5,69 4,885 4,7 Weighted to 007 population totals Following realignment from seasonal to calendar quarters, data for June was assumed to follow the same pattern as that of April and May. Weighted to 009 population totals Table B Proportions of people working shift patterns by sex; United Kingdom; 999 to 009,,,,,,,, Males Most of the time Occasionally Never Unweighted base,465,880,59,8 9,9 9,06 8,770 6,5 5,58 4,6,448 Weighted base (000s) 9,559 9,577 9,74 9,79 9,609 9,670 9,69,898,86,57,94 Females Most of the time Occasionally Never Unweighted base 9,99 9,79 9,9 9,8 8,059 7,464 7,70 4,9,67,460 0,978 Weighted base (000s) 8,07 8,075 8,54 8,4 8,89 8,84 8,66,04,8,58, Total Most of the time Occasionally Never Unweighted base 4,404 4,59 40,598 40,69 7,99 6,500 6,40 50,464 49,5 46,596 4,46 Weighted base (000s) 7,60 7,65 8,067 8,060 7,798 7,954 8,059 5,940 5,69 4,885 4,7 Weighted to 007 population totals Following realignment from seasonal to calendar quarters, data for June was assumed to follow the same pattern as that of April and May. Weighted to 009 population totals 7

20 Table C Proportion of males working shift patterns by age group; United Kingdom; 999 to 009,,,,,,,, Males 6-4 Most of the time Occasionally Never Most of the time Occasionally Never Most of the time Occasionally Never Unweighted base,465,880,59,8 9,9 9,06 8,770 6,5 5,58 4,6,448 Weighted base (000s) 9,559 9,577 9,74 9,79 9,609 9,670 9,69,898,86,57,94 Weighted to 007 population totals Following realignment from seasonal to calendar quarters, data for June was assumed to follow the same pattern as that of April and May. Weighted to 009 population totals Table D Proportion of females working shift patterns by age group; United Kingdom; 999 to 009,,,,,,,, Females 6-4 Most of the time Occasionally Never Most of the time Occasionally Never Most of the time Occasionally Never Unweighted base 9,99 9,79 9,9 9,8 8,059 7,464 7,70 4,9,67,460 0,978 Weighted base (000s) 8,07 8,075 8,54 8,4 8,89 8,84 8,66,04,8,58, Weighted to 007 population totals Following realignment from seasonal to calendar quarters, data for June was assumed to follow the same pattern as that of April and May. Weighted to 009 population totals 8

21 Table E Proportions of people working shift patterns by country; United Kingdom; 999 to 009,,,,,,,, England Wales Scotland Northern Ireland Unweighted base 7,555 7,47 7,087 7,00 6,60 6,4 6,0 8,5 8,87 7,995 7,99 Weighted base (000s),56,06,77,46,47,80,097 4,466 4,469 4,7 4, Weighted to 007 population totals Following realignment from seasonal to calendar quarters, data for June was assumed to follow the same pattern as that of April and May. Weighted to 009 population totals Table F Proportion of people working shift patterns by Government Office Region; United Kingdom; 999 to 009,,,,,,,, North East North West Yorkshire and Humberside East Midlands West Midlands Eastern London South East South West Wales Scotland Northern Ireland Unweighted base 7,555 7,47 7,087 7,00 6,60 6,4 6,0 8,5 8,87 7,995 7,99 Weighted base (000s),56,06,77,46,47,80,097 4,466 4,469 4,7 4, Weighted to 007 population totals Following realignment from seasonal to calendar quarters, data for June was assumed to follow the same pattern as that of April and May. Weighted to 009 population totals 9

22 Table G Proportion of males working shift patterns by occupation; United Kingdom; 999 to , 00, 00, 004, 005, 006, Males Managers and Admin Most of the time Occasionally Never Professional Most of the time Occasionally Never Associate Prof and Tech Most of the time Occasionally Never Clerical, Secretarial Most of the time Occasionally Never Craft and related occupations Most of the time Occasionally Never Personal, Protection Most of the time Occasionally Never Sales Most of the time Occasionally Never Plant and machine operatives Most of the time Occasionally Never Other Occupations Most of the time Occasionally Never Unweighted base,49,7 9,98 9,00 8,755 6,0 5,557 4,06,4 Weighted base (000s) 9,709 9,75 9,60 9,666 9,684,890,848,8,9 Weighted to 007 population totals Following realignmentfrom seasonal to calendarquarters,data forjune wasassumed to followthe same pattern asthatofapril and May. Weighted to 009 population totals * Data for999 and 000 excluded asdata were classified using SOC990 0

23 Table H Proportion of females working shift patterns by occupation; United Kingdom; 999 to , 00, 00, 004, 005, 006, Females Managers and Admin Most of the time Occasionally Never Professional Most of the time Occasionally Never Associate Prof and Tech Most of the time Occasionally Never Clerical, Secretarial Most of the time Occasionally Never Craft and related occupations Most of the time Occasionally Never Personal, Protection Most of the time Occasionally Never Sales Most of the time Occasionally Never Plant and machine operatives Most of the time Occasionally Never Other Occupations Most of the time Occasionally Never Unweighted base 9,5 9,7 8,054 7,46 7,60 4,7,657,448 0,97 Weighted base (000s) 8,5 8,4 8,87 8,8 8,6,06,84,5,7 Weighted to 007 population totals Following realignmentfrom seasonal to calendarquarters,data forjune wasassumed to followthe same pattern asthatofapril and May. Weighted to 009 population totals * Data for999 and 000 excluded asdata were classified using SOC990

24 Table I Proportion of males working shift patterns by industry: United Kingdom; 999 to , 000, 00, 00, 00, 004, 005, 006, Males Agriculture and Fishing Most of the time * * * * * * * * * * Occasionally * * * * * * * * * * Never * * * * * * * * * * Energy and Water Most of the time * * * * * * * * * * Occasionally * * * * * * * * * * Never * * * * * * * * * * Manufacturing Most of the time Occasionally Never Construction Most of the time Occasionally Never Distibution, hotels and restaurants Most of the time Occasionally Never Transport and communication Most of the time Occasionally Never Banking, finance, insurance etc Most of the time Occasionally Never Public adminstration, education and health Most of the time Occasionally Never Other servies Most of the time Occasionally Never Unweighted base,457,868,4,7 9,97 9,07 8,756 6,5 5,560 4,08 Weighted base (000s) 9,555 9,57 9,706 9,75 9,606 9,665 9,684,887,849,40 Weighted to 007 population totals Following realignmentfrom seasonal to calendarquarters,data forjune wasassumed to followthe same pattern asthatofapril and May. Weighted to 009 population totals * Data for'agriculture and Fishing' and 'Energyand Water' exluded due to disclosive base numbers

25 Table J Proportion of females working shift patterns by industry; United Kingdom; 999 to , 000, 00, 00, 00, 004, 005, 006, Females Agriculture and Fishing Most of the time * * * * * * * * * * Occasionally * * * * * * * * * * Never * * * * * * * * * * Energy and Water Most of the time * * * * * * * * * * Occasionally * * * * * * * * * * Never * * * * * * * * * * Manufacturing Most of the time Occasionally Never Construction Most of the time * * * * * * * * * * Occasionally * * * * * * * * * * Never * * * * * * * * * * Distibution, hotels and restaurants Most of the time Occasionally Never Transport and communication Most of the time Occasionally Never Banking, finance, insurance etc Most of the time Occasionally Never Public adminstration, education and health Most of the time Occasionally Never Other servies Most of the time Occasionally Never Unweighted base 9,94 9,68 9,9 9, 8,057 7,46 7,6 4,0,65,48 Weighted base (000s) 8,069 8,074 8,49 8,4 8,87 8,8 8,6,0,80,56 Weighted to 007 population totals Following realignmentfrom seasonal to calendarquarters,data forjune wasassumed to followthe same pattern asthatofapril and May. Weighted to 009 population totals * Data for'agriculture and Fishing', 'Construction' and 'Energyand Water' exluded due to disclosive base numbers

26 Table K Proportion of shift workers by shift pattern type and sex; United Kingdom; 999 to 009,,,,,,,, Males Three-shift working Continental Shifts Two shift system Sometimes night/ Sometimes day split shifts morning shifts evening or twilight shifts night shifts weekend shifts other type of shift work Unweighted base 4,495 4,5 4,07 4,084,775,667,565 4,858 4,74 4,554 4,9 Weighted base (000s) Females,9,90,866,870,845,89,858,6,6,57,49 Three-shift working Continental Shifts Two shift system Sometimes night/ Sometimes day split shifts morning shifts evening or twilight shifts night shifts weekend shifts other type of shift work Unweighted base,05,095,004,96,89,649,56,65,67,97,6 Weighted base (000s) Total,4,96,06,7,95,74,5,88,87,777,775 Three-shift working Continental Shifts Two shift system Sometimes night/ Sometimes day split shifts morning shifts evening or twilight shifts night shifts weekend shifts other type of shift work Unweighted base 7,547 7,40 7,075 7,00 6,604 6,6 6,09 8,48 8,5 7,95 7,55 Weighted base (000s),5,98,7,4,9,67,08 4,44 4,449 4,48 4,04 Weightedto007populationtotals Followingrealignmentfrom seasonaltocalendar quarters,datafor Junewas assumedtofollowthesamepatternas thatofaprilandmay. Weightedto009populationtotals 4

27 Published by the Health and Safety Executive 09/

28 Health and Safety Executive Changes in shift work patterns over the last ten years (999 to 009) The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) have approached the Office for National Statistics (ONS) to carry out an updated analysis of shift work in the UK based on the last ten years worth of data (999 to 009) from the Labour Force Survey (LFS). This paper examines changes in shift work patterns across the UK workforce over the last decade. The report investigates differences in the reporting of shift work based on gender, age, region, occupation and industry and also compares engagement in the different types of shift patterns. This report and the work it describes were funded by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE). Its contents, including any opinions and/or conclusions expressed, are those of the author alone and do not necessarily reflect HSE policy. RR887

BUSINESS POPULATION ESTIMATES FOR THE UK AND REGIONS

BUSINESS POPULATION ESTIMATES FOR THE UK AND REGIONS STATISTICAL RELEASE BUSINESS POPULATION ESTIMATES FOR THE UK AND REGIONS 2013 Summary There were an estimated 4.9 million private sector businesses in the UK at the start of 2013, an increase of 102,000

More information

Statistical Bulletin. Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings, 2013 Provisional Results. Key points. Summary

Statistical Bulletin. Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings, 2013 Provisional Results. Key points. Summary Statistical Bulletin Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings, 2013 Provisional Results Coverage: UK Date: 12 December 2013 Geographical Areas: Country, European (NUTS), Local Authority and County, Parliamentary

More information

UK Wages Over the Past Four Decades

UK Wages Over the Past Four Decades UK Wages Over the Past Four Decades - 2014 Coverage: UK Date: 03 July 2014 Geographical Area: Region Theme: Labour Market Theme: Economy Key Points Employees aged 21 in 1995 earned 40% more after adjusting

More information

Self-employed up 367,000 in Four Years, Mostly Since 2011

Self-employed up 367,000 in Four Years, Mostly Since 2011 Self-employed up 367,000 in Four Years, Mostly Since 2011 Coverage: UK Date: 06 February 2013 Geographical Area: UK Theme: Labour Market Key points The key points are: The number of workers who are self-employed

More information

Full report - Women in the labour market

Full report - Women in the labour market Full report - Women in the labour market Coverage: UK Date: 25 September 2013 Geographical Area: UK Theme: Labour Market Key points The key points are: Rising employment for women and falling employment

More information

Self-employed workers in the UK - 2014

Self-employed workers in the UK - 2014 Self-employed workers in the UK - 2014 Coverage: UK Date: 20 August 2014 Geographical Area: Local Authority Theme: Economy Theme: Labour Market Key Points Self-employment higher than at any point over

More information

Creative Industries: Focus on Employment. June 2014

Creative Industries: Focus on Employment. June 2014 : Focus on Employment June 2014 27/06/2014 : Focus on Employment These estimates are Official Statistics and have been produced to the standards set out in the Code of Practice for Official Statistics

More information

Population Ageing in the United Kingdom, its Constituent Countries and the European Union

Population Ageing in the United Kingdom, its Constituent Countries and the European Union Population Ageing in the United Kingdom, its Constituent Countries and the European Union Coverage: International Date: 02 March 2012 Geographical Area: UK and GB Theme: Population Foreword This report

More information

Employment by occupation and industry

Employment by occupation and industry Employment by occupation industry Key points Employment in the UK was found to be fairly evenly spread among the different occupation groups. When the distribution was examined by industry group, public

More information

Analysis of Employee Contracts that do not Guarantee a Minimum Number of Hours

Analysis of Employee Contracts that do not Guarantee a Minimum Number of Hours Analysis of Employee Contracts that do not Guarantee a Minimum Number of Hours Coverage: GB Date: 30 April 2014 Geographical Area: GB Theme: Labour Market 1. Summary There is no legal definition of zero-hours

More information

TRADE UNION MEMBERSHIP 2013. Statistical Bulletin MAY 2014

TRADE UNION MEMBERSHIP 2013. Statistical Bulletin MAY 2014 TRADE UNION MEMBERSHIP 2013 Statistical Bulletin MAY 2014 Contents Contents... 2 Introduction... 3 Key findings... 5 1. Long Term Trends... 5 2. Private and Public Sectors... 6 3. Personal and job characteristics...

More information

TRADE UNION MEMBERSHIP 2012. Statistical Bulletin MAY 2013

TRADE UNION MEMBERSHIP 2012. Statistical Bulletin MAY 2013 TRADE UNION MEMBERSHIP 2012 Statistical Bulletin MAY 2013 Contents Correction... 3 Introduction... 4 Key findings... 6 1. Long Term Trends... 7 2. Private and Public Sectors... 8 3. Personal and job characteristics...11

More information

Household Satellite Accounts - Valuing Voluntary Activity in the UK

Household Satellite Accounts - Valuing Voluntary Activity in the UK Household Satellite Accounts - Valuing Voluntary Activity in the UK Author Name(s): Rosemary Foster ONS Abstract The value of voluntary activity in the UK for 2012 is estimated to be 23.9 billion, approximately

More information

BUSINESS POPULATION ESTIMATES FOR THE UK AND REGIONS 2011

BUSINESS POPULATION ESTIMATES FOR THE UK AND REGIONS 2011 STATISTICAL RELEASE STATISTICAL RELEASE BUSINESS POPULATION ESTIMATES FOR THE UK AND REGIONS 2011 12 October 2011 Issued by: BIS Level 2, 2 St Paul s Place, Sheffield, S1 2FJ For more detail: http://stats.bis.gov.

More information

Statistical Bulletin. Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings, 2014 Provisional Results. Key points

Statistical Bulletin. Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings, 2014 Provisional Results. Key points Statistical Bulletin Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings, 2014 Provisional Results Coverage: UK Date: 19 November 2014 Geographical Areas: Country, European (NUTS), Local Authority and County, Parliamentary

More information

Sickness absence from work in the UK

Sickness absence from work in the UK Sickness absence from work in the UK 149 Sickness absence from work in the UK By Catherine Barham and Nasima Begum, Labour Market Division, Office for National Statistics Key points In the three months

More information

Public and Private Sector Earnings - March 2014

Public and Private Sector Earnings - March 2014 Public and Private Sector Earnings - March 2014 Coverage: UK Date: 10 March 2014 Geographical Area: Region Theme: Labour Market Theme: Government Key Points Average pay levels vary between the public and

More information

Results of the Second Flexible Working Employee Survey

Results of the Second Flexible Working Employee Survey Results of the Second Flexible Working Employee Survey 297 Results of the Second Flexible Working Employee Survey By Heidi Grainger and Heather Holt, Employment Market Analysis and Research, Department

More information

Overview of the UK Population

Overview of the UK Population Overview of the UK Population Coverage: UK Date: 05 November 2015 Geographical Area: Region Theme: Population Introduction This report gives an overview of the UK population. It examines the size and characteristics

More information

TRADE UNION MEMBERSHIP 2014. Statistical Bulletin JUNE 2015

TRADE UNION MEMBERSHIP 2014. Statistical Bulletin JUNE 2015 TRADE UNION MEMBERSHIP 2014 Statistical Bulletin JUNE 2015 Contents Contents... 2 Introduction... 3 Key findings... 5 1. Long Term Trends... 6 2.Private and Public Sectors. 12 3. Personal and job characteristics...

More information

International Compendium: Labour Market Theme

International Compendium: Labour Market Theme International Compendium: Labour Market Theme Coverage: International Date: 24 April 2014 Geographical Area: UK Theme: Labour Market Introduction The International Compendium consists of three themes;

More information

Disability Rights Commission Disability Briefing June 2005

Disability Rights Commission Disability Briefing June 2005 Disability Rights Commission Disability Briefing June 2005 Contents Page Introduction 1 Definitions of disability used in the LFS 2 Some Key Facts and Figures 3 Section 1: Autumn 2004 Data 5 Table 1: Economic

More information

Full story: The gender gap in unpaid care provision: is there an impact on health and economic position?

Full story: The gender gap in unpaid care provision: is there an impact on health and economic position? Full story: The gender gap in unpaid care provision: is there an impact on health and economic position? Coverage: England and Wales Date: 16 May 2013 Geographical Area: Local Authority and County Theme:

More information

Young People in the Labour Market, 2014

Young People in the Labour Market, 2014 Young People in the Labour Market, 2014 Coverage: UK Date: 05 March 2014 Geographical Area: Local Authority and County Theme: Labour Market Young People in the Labour Market The number of people aged 16

More information

2. Incidence, prevalence and duration of breastfeeding

2. Incidence, prevalence and duration of breastfeeding 2. Incidence, prevalence and duration of breastfeeding Key Findings Mothers in the UK are breastfeeding their babies for longer with one in three mothers still breastfeeding at six months in 2010 compared

More information

Private Sector Employment Indicator, Quarter 1 2015 (February 2015 to April 2015)

Private Sector Employment Indicator, Quarter 1 2015 (February 2015 to April 2015) STATISTICAL RELEASE Date: 14 July 2015 Status: Experimental Official Statistics Coverage: England; Regions Private Sector Employment Indicator, Quarter 1 2015 (February 2015 to April 2015) 1. Introduction

More information

Graduate Labour Market Statistics: 2015 APRIL 2016

Graduate Labour Market Statistics: 2015 APRIL 2016 Graduate Labour Market Statistics: 2015 APRIL 2016 Contents List of Figures and Tables... 3 Executive Summary... 5 Introduction... 6 Headline Statistics... 8 Employment Rates, Unemployment Rates and Inactivity

More information

Exploring the UK Freelance Workforce in 2015

Exploring the UK Freelance Workforce in 2015 Exploring the UK Freelance Workforce in 2015 Executive Summary John Kitching April 2016 Introduction Freelance workers are an important, but hidden, part of the small business population. United Kingdom

More information

GENDER ANALYSIS OF THE RECESSION

GENDER ANALYSIS OF THE RECESSION GENDER ANALYSIS OF THE 1990-91 RECESSION Commonwealth of Australia 2009 ISBN: 978 1 921380 47 1 This work is copyright. Apart from any use as permitted under the Copyright act 1968, no part may be reproduced

More information

Does Your Degree Define Your Career?

Does Your Degree Define Your Career? Does Your Degree Define Your Career? Coverage: UK Date: 15 April 2013 Geographical Area: Region Theme: Labour Market Theme: Children, Education and Skills Key points Some undergraduate degrees lead to

More information

Trends in part-time and temporary work

Trends in part-time and temporary work Trends in part-time and temporary work This analysis has been carried out using the latest available quarterly data from the Labour Force Survey. This was used to examine trends in temporary and part-time

More information

Trends in public sector

Trends in public sector Trends in public sector employment 477 Trends in public sector employment By Stephen Hicks, Labour Market Division, Office for National Statistics Key points Public sector employment was 5,846, (2.4 per

More information

Statistical Bulletin. National Life Tables, United Kingdom, 2011-2013. Key Points. Summary. Introduction

Statistical Bulletin. National Life Tables, United Kingdom, 2011-2013. Key Points. Summary. Introduction Statistical Bulletin National Life Tables, United Kingdom, 2011-2013 Coverage: UK Date: 25 September 2014 Geographical Area: Country Theme: Population Key Points A newborn baby boy could expect to live

More information

Secondary Analysis of the Gender Pay Gap. Changes in the gender pay gap over time

Secondary Analysis of the Gender Pay Gap. Changes in the gender pay gap over time Secondary Analysis of the Gender Pay Gap Changes in the gender pay gap over time March 2014 Department for Culture, Media & Sport Department for Culture, Media & Sport 3 Contents Chapter 1: Introduction...

More information

Digital Sector Economic Estimates

Digital Sector Economic Estimates Digital Sector Economic Estimates Statistical Release January 2016 Contents Chapter 1: Introduction... 3 Chapter 2: Key Findings... 5 Chapter 3: Gross Value Added... 6 Chapter 4: Employment... 9 Chapter

More information

Individual Savings Account (ISA) Statistics

Individual Savings Account (ISA) Statistics Coverage: United Kingdom Theme: The Economy Latest Release: April 2016 Tables 9.7 to 9.12 Next Release: August 2016 Tables 9.4 to 9.6 Reporting Periods: Personal Tax Years Media contact: HMRC Press Office

More information

What Does the 2011 Census Tell Us About Older People?

What Does the 2011 Census Tell Us About Older People? What Does the 2011 Census Tell Us About Older People? Coverage: England and Wales Date: 06 September 2013 Geographical Area: Local Authority and County Key points In 2011, 9.2 million (16 per cent) usual

More information

Regional characteristics of foreignborn people living in the United Kingdom

Regional characteristics of foreignborn people living in the United Kingdom Regional characteristics of foreignborn people living in the United Kingdom By Alice Reid and Caroline Miller, Office for National Statistics Abstract This article examines the characteristics of foreign-born

More information

UK application rates by country, region, sex, age and background. (2014 cycle, January deadline)

UK application rates by country, region, sex, age and background. (2014 cycle, January deadline) UK application rates by country, region, sex, age and background (2014 cycle, January deadline) UCAS Analysis and Research 31 January 2014 Key findings Application rates for 18 year olds in England, Wales

More information

The income of the self-employed FEBRUARY 2016

The income of the self-employed FEBRUARY 2016 FEBRUARY 2016 Contents The income of the self-employed... 3 Summary... 3 Background recent trends in self-employment... 3 Earnings from self-employment... 7 Income from all sources... 10 Following the

More information

Statistical Bulletin. Business Demography, 2010. Headlines figures. Summary

Statistical Bulletin. Business Demography, 2010. Headlines figures. Summary Statistical Bulletin Business Demography, 2010 Coverage: UK Date: 06 December 2011 Geographical Area: Local Authority and County Theme: Business and Energy Headlines figures Number of business deaths rose

More information

6: Service considerations a report from the Adult Dental Health Survey 2009

6: Service considerations a report from the Adult Dental Health Survey 2009 6: Service considerations a report from the Adult Dental Health Survey 009 Copyright 0, The Health and Social Care Information Centre. All Rights Reserved. The NHS Information Centre is England s central,

More information

The Burden of Financial and Property Debt, Great Britain, 2010 to 2012

The Burden of Financial and Property Debt, Great Britain, 2010 to 2012 The Burden of Financial and Property Debt, Great Britain, 2010 to 2012 Coverage: GB Date: 27 July 2015 Geographical Area: Region Theme: Economy Theme: People and Places Foreword Using the Wealth and Assets

More information

Article: Main results from the Wealth and Assets Survey: July 2012 to June 2014

Article: Main results from the Wealth and Assets Survey: July 2012 to June 2014 Article: Main results from the Wealth and Assets Survey: July 2012 to June 2014 Coverage: GB Date: 18 December 2015 Geographical Area: Region Theme: Economy Main points In July 2012 to June 2014: aggregate

More information

Enterprise Finance Guarantee. Application Process and List of Lenders NOVEMBER 2014

Enterprise Finance Guarantee. Application Process and List of Lenders NOVEMBER 2014 Enterprise Finance Guarantee Application Process and List of Lenders NOVEMBER 2014 How does a Business apply for an EFG-backed facility? First and foremost a business applies to a lender for a loan or

More information

UK application rates by the January deadline cycle

UK application rates by the January deadline cycle UK application rates by the January deadline 2016 cycle UCAS Analysis and Research 4 February 2016 Key findings January deadline application rates provide the first reliable indication of young demand

More information

Office of the Regulator of Community Interest Companies: Introduction and guidance notes. Chapter 3: Limited Companies NOVEMBER 2012

Office of the Regulator of Community Interest Companies: Introduction and guidance notes. Chapter 3: Limited Companies NOVEMBER 2012 Office of the Regulator of Community Interest Companies: Introduction and guidance notes Chapter 3: Limited Companies NOVEMBER 2012 Contents 3.1. Community interest companies - limited liability companies...

More information

Taking Part 2014/15, Focus on: Newspaper Readership

Taking Part 2014/15, Focus on: Newspaper Readership Taking Part 2014/15, Focus on: Newspaper Readership Statistical Release November 2015 2 Taking Part Statistical Release Introduction This report This report is one in a series of ten Taking Part, Focus

More information

Profile of the Contact Centre Sector Workforce

Profile of the Contact Centre Sector Workforce Profile of the Contact Centre Sector Workforce Content Profile of the UK workforce Status of the workforce Gender Age Ethnicity Disability Salary Level About Us Introduction In December 2012 there were

More information

Low Carbon and Renewable Energy Economy 2014, First Estimates

Low Carbon and Renewable Energy Economy 2014, First Estimates Low Carbon and Renewable Energy Economy 2014, First Estimates Coverage: UK Date: 09 December 2015 Geographical Area: UK Theme: Agriculture and Environment Main points This bulletin presents first estimates

More information

Full Report - Graduates in the UK Labour Market 2013

Full Report - Graduates in the UK Labour Market 2013 Full Report - Graduates in the UK Labour Market 2013 Coverage: UK Date: 19 November 2013 Geographical Area: UK and GB Theme: Labour Market Theme: Children, Education and Skills Key points In 2013 there

More information

Kirklees (Numbers) All People 434,300 5,390,600 63,258,400 Males 215,000 2,658,400 31,165,300 Females 219,400 2,732,200 32,093,100. Kirklees (Numbers)

Kirklees (Numbers) All People 434,300 5,390,600 63,258,400 Males 215,000 2,658,400 31,165,300 Females 219,400 2,732,200 32,093,100. Kirklees (Numbers) Labour Market Profile - The profile brings together data from several sources. Details about these and related terminology are given in the definitions section. Resident Population Total population (2015)

More information

Total 50,000 4,509,800 39,865,700 Male 25,000 2,244,900 19,851,500 Female 24,900 2,264,800 20,014,200. Blackpool South (numbers)

Total 50,000 4,509,800 39,865,700 Male 25,000 2,244,900 19,851,500 Female 24,900 2,264,800 20,014,200. Blackpool South (numbers) Labour Market Profile - Parliamentary Constituency The profile brings together data from several sources. Details about these and related terminology are given in the definitions section. Resident Population

More information

Great Britain (Numbers) All People 194,000 6,076,500 63,258,400 Males 97,000 2,993,400 31,165,300 Females 97,000 3,083,100 32,093,100

Great Britain (Numbers) All People 194,000 6,076,500 63,258,400 Males 97,000 2,993,400 31,165,300 Females 97,000 3,083,100 32,093,100 Labour Market Profile - The profile brings together data from several sources. Details about these and related terminology are given in the definitions section. Resident Population Total population (2015)

More information

Characteristics of Individual Insolvencies Including Bankruptcies, England and Wales, 2011

Characteristics of Individual Insolvencies Including Bankruptcies, England and Wales, 2011 Characteristics of Individual Insolvencies Including Bankruptcies, England and Wales, 2011 Author Name(s): Phil Humby, Office for National Statistics Abstract This article from the Office for National

More information

The Regional Value of Tourism 2011

The Regional Value of Tourism 2011 The Regional Value of Tourism 2011 Coverage: UK Date: 20 February 2014 Geographical Area: European (NUTS) Theme: People and Places Theme: Economy Key Findings London and the South West have the highest

More information

The UK Tourism Satellite Account (UK- TSA) for 2012. Tourism Direct Gross Value Added (GVA) was 57.3 billion in 2012.

The UK Tourism Satellite Account (UK- TSA) for 2012. Tourism Direct Gross Value Added (GVA) was 57.3 billion in 2012. Statistical Bulletin The UK Tourism Satellite Account (UK- TSA) for 2012 Coverage: UK Date: 26 June 2015 Geographical Area: UK Theme: People and Places Theme: Economy Main Figures Tourism Direct Gross

More information

DECC Public Attitudes Tracker Wave 14

DECC Public Attitudes Tracker Wave 14 DECC Public Attitudes Tracker Wave 14 Summary of key findings August 2015 Crown copyright 2015 URN: 15D/400 You may re-use this information (not including logos) free of charge in any format or medium,

More information

Total 49,800 4,509,800 39,865,700 Male 24,900 2,244,900 19,851,500 Female 24,900 2,264,800 20,014,200. Blackpool North and Cleveleys (numbers)

Total 49,800 4,509,800 39,865,700 Male 24,900 2,244,900 19,851,500 Female 24,900 2,264,800 20,014,200. Blackpool North and Cleveleys (numbers) Labour Market Profile - North And Parliamentary Constituency The profile brings together data from several sources. Details about these and related terminology are given in the definitions section. Resident

More information

Merseyside (Met County) (Numbers) All People 1,398,000 7,173,800 63,258,400 Males 680,500 3,534,400 31,165,300 Females 717,500 3,639,400 32,093,100

Merseyside (Met County) (Numbers) All People 1,398,000 7,173,800 63,258,400 Males 680,500 3,534,400 31,165,300 Females 717,500 3,639,400 32,093,100 Labour Market Profile - The profile brings together data from several sources. Details about these and related terminology are given in the definitions section. Resident Population Total population (2015)

More information

Greater Manchester (Met County) (Numbers)

Greater Manchester (Met County) (Numbers) Labour Market Profile - The profile brings together data from several sources. Details about these and related terminology are given in the definitions section. Resident Population Total population (2015)

More information

Poverty among ethnic groups

Poverty among ethnic groups Poverty among ethnic groups how and why does it differ? Peter Kenway and Guy Palmer, New Policy Institute www.jrf.org.uk Contents Introduction and summary 3 1 Poverty rates by ethnic group 9 1 In low income

More information

Dental Care Professionals Pay Findings from the Dental Business Trends survey

Dental Care Professionals Pay Findings from the Dental Business Trends survey BDA RESEARCH FINDINGS 8 December 2013 Dental Care Professionals Pay Findings from the Dental Business Trends survey British Dental Association 64 Wimpole Street London W1G 8YS Author Henry Edwards, Research

More information

Trends in life expectancy by the National Statistics Socio-economic Classification 1982 2006

Trends in life expectancy by the National Statistics Socio-economic Classification 1982 2006 Trends in life expectancy by the National Statistics Socio-economic Classification 1982 2006 Date: 22 February 2011 Coverage: England and Wales Theme: Health & Care This bulletin presents the first estimates

More information

Chapter 3: Property Wealth, Wealth in Great Britain 2010-12

Chapter 3: Property Wealth, Wealth in Great Britain 2010-12 Chapter 3: Property Wealth, Wealth in Great Britain 2010-12 Coverage: GB Date: 15 May 2014 Geographical Area: GB Theme: Economy Key Points Aggregate net property wealth for all private households in Great

More information

www.gov.uk/government/consultations/ship-recycling-authorising-uk-facilities-to-work-oneu-flagged-ships

www.gov.uk/government/consultations/ship-recycling-authorising-uk-facilities-to-work-oneu-flagged-ships www.gov.uk/defra Consultation on proposed measures to implement elements of EU regulation 1257/2013 on ship recycling relating to the authorisation of UK ship recycling facilities Summary of response and

More information

National and provincial labour market: Youth

National and provincial labour market: Youth Statistical release P0211.4.2 National and provincial labour market: Q1: Q1: Embargoed until: 05 June 14:30 Enquiries: Forthcoming issue: Expected release date: User Information Services Tel: 012 310 8600/4892/8390

More information

What Does the 2011 Census Tell Us About Inter-ethnic Relationships?

What Does the 2011 Census Tell Us About Inter-ethnic Relationships? What Does the 2011 Census Tell Us About Inter-ethnic Relationships? Coverage: England and Wales Date: 03 July 2014 Geographical Area: Local Authority and County Theme: Population Theme: People and Places

More information

Revised Methodology for Unit Wage Costs and Unit Labour Costs - Explanation and Impact

Revised Methodology for Unit Wage Costs and Unit Labour Costs - Explanation and Impact Revised Methodology for Unit Wage Costs and Unit Labour Costs - Explanation and Impact Author Name(s): John Appleton, ONS Abstract A revised methodology for whole economy unit labour costs and unit wage

More information

employment status major occupation groups public and private sectors occupation sub-groups residential qualification educational attainment

employment status major occupation groups public and private sectors occupation sub-groups residential qualification educational attainment Chapter 6: Employment Economic Activity employment status activity rates Occupation Industry major occupation groups by gender public and private sectors occupation sub-groups residential qualification

More information

UK application rates by country, region, constituency, sex, age and background. (2015 cycle, January deadline)

UK application rates by country, region, constituency, sex, age and background. (2015 cycle, January deadline) UK application rates by country, region, constituency, sex, age and background () UCAS Analysis and Research 30 January 2015 Key findings JANUARY DEADLINE APPLICATION RATES PROVIDE THE FIRST RELIABLE INDICATION

More information

Chapter 4: Mass Marketing Fraud

Chapter 4: Mass Marketing Fraud Chapter 4: Mass Marketing Fraud Coverage: England and Wales Date: 09 May 2013 Geographical Area: Local Authority and County Theme: Crime and Justice Summary Mass marketing fraud describes activities where

More information

Annual UK Property Transaction Statistics

Annual UK Property Transaction Statistics Coverage: United Kingdom Released: 30 June 2015 Frequency of release: Annually Annual UK Property Transaction Statistics Formerly known as the '16 Tables' Media contact: HMRC Press Office (Individuals)

More information

Abuse of Vulnerable Adults in England. 2011-12, Final Report, Experimental Statistics

Abuse of Vulnerable Adults in England. 2011-12, Final Report, Experimental Statistics Abuse of Vulnerable Adults in England 2011-12, Final Report, Experimental Statistics Published: 6 March 2013 We are England s national source of health and social care information www.ic.nhs.uk enquiries@ic.nhs.uk

More information

Hiring agency staff during strike action: reforming regulation

Hiring agency staff during strike action: reforming regulation Recruitment Sector Hiring agency staff during strike action: reforming regulation JULY 2015 Contents Contents... 2 Hiring agency staff during strike action: reforming regulation... 3 1. Executive Summary...

More information

Job mobility and job tenure in the UK

Job mobility and job tenure in the UK Key points In half of all employees had been working for the same firm for five years or less. This had fallen to four years by. In 9 per cent of employees worked for the same firm as 12 months ago compared

More information

Smoking and drinking among adults, 2007

Smoking and drinking among adults, 2007 General Household Survey 2007 Smoking and drinking among adults, 2007 Office for National Statistics Simon Robinson Deborah Lader Government Buildings Cardiff Rd Newport NP10 8XG Crown copyright Tel: 01633

More information

HEADLINE FIGURES 2013. Considering the people in the UK in 2013 who were either women aged between 21 and 59 or men aged between 21 and 64...

HEADLINE FIGURES 2013. Considering the people in the UK in 2013 who were either women aged between 21 and 59 or men aged between 21 and 64... HEADLINE FIGURES 213 Considering the people in the UK in 213 who were either women aged between 21 and 59 or men aged between 21 and 64... 19% 6. million had no qualifications or other qualifications 38%

More information

E-commerce and ICT Activity, 2013. While 22% of businesses generated e-commerce sales, 51% of businesses made e-commerce purchases in 2013.

E-commerce and ICT Activity, 2013. While 22% of businesses generated e-commerce sales, 51% of businesses made e-commerce purchases in 2013. Statistical Bulletin E-commerce and ICT Activity, 2013 Coverage: UK Date: 28 November 2014 Geographical Area: UK Theme: Business and Energy Key Points E-commerce sales represented 20% of business turnover

More information

Income Tax Liabilities Statistics 2012-13 to 2014-15

Income Tax Liabilities Statistics 2012-13 to 2014-15 Coverage: United Kingdom Theme: The Economy Released: 13 February 2015 Next Release: May 2015 Frequency of release: Twice yearly (Jan/Feb and Apr/May) Income Tax Liabilities Statistics 2012-13 to 2014-15

More information

Drinking: adults behaviour and knowledge in 2007

Drinking: adults behaviour and knowledge in 2007 Omnibus Survey Report No. 34 Drinking: adults behaviour and knowledge in 2007 A report on research using the National Statistics Omnibus Survey produced on behalf of the Information Centre for health and

More information

E-Commerce and ICT Activity, 2012. 95% of businesses had broadband Internet and 82% had a website.

E-Commerce and ICT Activity, 2012. 95% of businesses had broadband Internet and 82% had a website. Statistical Bulletin E-Commerce and ICT Activity, 2012 Coverage: UK Date: 04 December 2013 Geographical Area: UK Theme: Business and Energy Key points E-commerce sales represented 18% of business turnover

More information

Huddersfield (numbers) Total 63,400 3,389,600 39,865,700 Male 32,000 1,694,400 19,851,500 Female 31,400 1,695,200 20,014,200.

Huddersfield (numbers) Total 63,400 3,389,600 39,865,700 Male 32,000 1,694,400 19,851,500 Female 31,400 1,695,200 20,014,200. Labour Market Profile - Parliamentary Constituency The profile brings together data from several sources. Details about these and related terminology are given in the definitions section. Resident Population

More information

Statistical First Release

Statistical First Release Statistical First Release Initial teacher training census for the academic year 2014 to 2015 Reference SFR 48/2014 Date 27 November 2014 Coverage England Theme Children, Education and Skills Issued by

More information

FORESIGHT - Issue 84: October 2010

FORESIGHT - Issue 84: October 2010 FORESIGHT - Issue 84: October 2010 Visits to gardens In 2009 VisitBritain sponsored a question on the International Passenger Survey 1 that asked about a range of activities that visitors may have undertaken

More information

Scotland s Class of 99: the early career paths of graduates who studied in Scottish higher education institutions. Summary report

Scotland s Class of 99: the early career paths of graduates who studied in Scottish higher education institutions. Summary report Scotland s Class of 99: the early career paths of graduates who studied in Scottish higher education institutions Summary report Scotland s Class of 99: the early career paths of graduates who studied

More information

Social Security for Scotland: Benefits being devolved to the Scottish Parliament. March 2014

Social Security for Scotland: Benefits being devolved to the Scottish Parliament. March 2014 Social Security for Scotland: Benefits being devolved to the Scottish Parliament March 2014 Ministerial Foreword I welcome the new social security powers coming to Scotland and this publication helps us

More information

Actuarial valuations of public service pension schemes

Actuarial valuations of public service pension schemes Actuarial valuations of public service pension schemes November 2012 Actuarial valuations of public service pension schemes November 2012 Official versions of this document are printed on 100% recycled

More information

Passenger Rail Service Satisfaction. 2014-15 Quarter 2 Statistical Release. 18 December 2014. Responsible Statistician: Dr Fazilat Dar

Passenger Rail Service Satisfaction. 2014-15 Quarter 2 Statistical Release. 18 December 2014. Responsible Statistician: Dr Fazilat Dar Passenger Rail Service Satisfaction 2014-15 Quarter 2 Statistical Release 18 December 2014 Responsible Statistician: Dr Fazilat Dar 020 7282 3705 Further information Media Enquiries: 020 7282 2094 Contents

More information

Main Report: The Burden of Property Debt in Great Britain, 2006/08 & 2008/10

Main Report: The Burden of Property Debt in Great Britain, 2006/08 & 2008/10 Main Report: The Burden of Property Debt in Great Britain, 2006/08 & 2008/10 Coverage: England and Wales Date: 13 May 2013 Geographical Area: Region Theme: Economy Key Points This release focuses on the

More information

Patterns of Pay: Estimates from the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings, UK, 1997 to 2013

Patterns of Pay: Estimates from the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings, UK, 1997 to 2013 Patterns of Pay: Estimates from the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings, UK, 1997 to 2013 Author Name(s): David Bovill, Office for National Statistics Abstract Patterns of Pay describes trends in UK earnings.

More information

Chapter 5: Financial Wealth, Wealth in Great Britain 2010-12

Chapter 5: Financial Wealth, Wealth in Great Britain 2010-12 Chapter 5: Financial Wealth, Wealth in Great Britain 201012 Coverage: GB Date: 15 May 2014 Geographical Area: Region Theme: Economy Key points Aggregate net financial wealth for all private households

More information

Basis for setting the discount rate for calculating cash equivalent transfer values payable by public service pension schemes

Basis for setting the discount rate for calculating cash equivalent transfer values payable by public service pension schemes Basis for setting the discount rate for calculating cash equivalent transfer values payable by public service pension schemes updated guidance issued by HM Treasury March 2011 Official versions of this

More information

Impact of the recession

Impact of the recession Regional Trends 43 21/11 Impact of the recession By Cecilia Campos, Alistair Dent, Robert Fry and Alice Reid, Office for National Statistics Abstract This report looks at the impact that the most recent

More information

Individual Savings Account (ISA) Statistics

Individual Savings Account (ISA) Statistics Coverage: United Kingdom Theme: The Economy Latest Release: April 2015 Tables 9.7 to 9.12 August 2014 Table 9.4 and Table 9.6 Next Release: August 2015 Table 9.4 and Table 9.6 Reporting Periods: Personal

More information

Finding out about vehicle maintenance and repair

Finding out about vehicle maintenance and repair Finding out about vehicle maintenance and repair The vehicle maintenance and repair industry is part of the automotive retail sector, represented by the IMI Automotive Sector Skills Council, which also

More information

Married only at the weekends? A study of the amount of time spent together by spouses.

Married only at the weekends? A study of the amount of time spent together by spouses. Married only at the weekends? A study of the amount of time spent together by spouses. Reg Gatenby, Office for National Statistics Abstract Studies of time use generally concentrate on the amount of time

More information

Retail Sector Labour Market Review September 2013

Retail Sector Labour Market Review September 2013 Retail Sector Labour Market Review September 2013 Contents Introduction... 3 Economic contribution and performance... 6 What constitutes the retail sector?... 6 Size and number of businesses... 6 Table

More information

Smoking and drinking among adults, 2009

Smoking and drinking among adults, 2009 Smoking and drinking among adults, 2009 A report on the 2009 General Lifestyle Survey Authors: Editor: Simon Robinson Helen Harris Steven Dunstan Office for National Statistics A report on the 2009 General

More information

CLOSE THE GAP WORKING PAPER GENDER PAY GAP STATISTICS. April 2015 INTRODUCTION WHAT IS THE GENDER PAY GAP? ANNUAL SURVEY OF HOURS AND EARNINGS

CLOSE THE GAP WORKING PAPER GENDER PAY GAP STATISTICS. April 2015 INTRODUCTION WHAT IS THE GENDER PAY GAP? ANNUAL SURVEY OF HOURS AND EARNINGS CLOSE THE GAP 14 WORKING PAPER GENDER PAY GAP STATISTICS April 2015 This paper is an updated version of Working Paper 11 Statistics published in 2014.It provides the latest gender pay gap statistics for

More information