1 Teacher Education in China : Current Situation & Related Issues Dr. Tingjie YU Zhejiang Normal University
2 2 Institute of Educational Science (IES) of Zhejiang Normal University IES, established in June 2007, now is a research institution which also offers postgraduate programs at both master and doctor level. We have five research centers: Centre of Comparative Education, Centre of University Culture, Centre of Taiwan Higher Education, Centre of Classroom Teaching and Learning Evaluation and Centre of Educational Theory and Educational History. There are also three university-wide research centers affiliated to the Institute: Center for Higher Education, Center for Teacher Education, which are listed as two key humanities and social sciences research bases in Zhejiang Province and Centre of Ukraine Research.
3 3 CONTENT Education System in China Teacher Education in China Related Issues and Problems
4 4 Basic Education System Higher Education System
5 1. Basic Education System 5 Secondary Education Senior Secondary Schools Secondary Technology and Vocational Schools 3 years 9 Years Compulsory Education Junior Secondary Schools 3 years Elementary Education FREE Primary 7-16-year-olds Schools 6 years Preschool Education Kindergartens 3-6-year-olds
6 Quantity of Schools in China (2011) 6 Number of Schools Senior Secondary Schools Junior Secondary Schools Primary Schools Kindergartens Data Source: the Website of Ministry of Education of the People s Republic of China
7 Number of Students of Basic Education in China (2011) 7 Graduates Intakes Total In-school Students Senior Secondary Schools Junior Secondary Schools Primary Schools Pre-school Education Institutions Data Source: the Website of Ministry of Education of the People s Republic of China
8 2. Higher Education System 8 Doctor s Degrees (3-4 years) Master s Degrees (2-3 years) Vocational & Technology Education Bachelor s Degrees (4-5 years) Universities Junior Colleges Diplomas (2-3years) National College Entrance Examination Senior Middle Schools Independent Examinations & Enrollments by Junior Colleges Secondary Technology and Vocational Schools
9 Number of Students in Higher Education Institutions (2011) 9 Graduates Intakes Total In-school Students 2. Postgraduates Doctor s Degree Master s Degree Undergraduates in Regular HEIs Data Source: the Website of Ministry of Education of the People s Republic of China
10 Quantity of HEIs in China (2011) 10 Total HEIs under Central Ministries &Agencies HEIs under Local Auth. Nongovernment 1.Institutions Providing Postgraduate Programs Regular HEIs Research Institutes Regular HEIs HEIs Providing Degree level Programs Independent Institutions Short-cycle HEIs Data Source: the Website of Ministry of Education of the People s Republic of China
11 11 CONTENT Education System in China Teacher Education in China Related Issues and Problems
12 12 1. Something related to teachers or teacher education in China Something different from Finland
13 13 Majoring in teacher education is not a necessary condition for becoming a school teacher in China. Normal universities offer teacher education programs. But students who study in other multidisciplinary universities and who don t major in education may also become school teachers. If a graduate of higher education institutions has gained a teaching profession qualification certificate and also passed teacher recruitment exams organized by local educational authorities, he (she) can be a school teacher then.
14 Subject faculties or departments also can enroll students majoring in teacher education in normal universities. 14 In normal universities in China, things usually happen like this: Faculties or departments of education usually enroll students majoring in early childhood education and primary school education. Faculties or departments of subjects enroll students majoring in subject teaching. In many subject faculties or departments of normal universities, undergraduates are enrolled by discipline category. They don t need to choose their major until the end of 2nd or 3rd academic year. And then whether to study subject teaching majors or non-teaching majors will be confirmed according to a comprehensive ranking including students personal will and their academic achievements.
15 Nearly all the teachers only teach one subject, even at primary schools in China. We don t have the categories of class teachers and subject teachers. Subjects are taught by different teachers even at primary schools. Primary school teachers by different subjects (2011) Subjects Number of Teachers Virtue Education Language Literature Mathematics Foreign Languages Physical Science Arts Music Fine Arts Information Technology Skills Teaching Others Data Source: the Website of Ministry of Education of the People s Republic of China
16 16 Teaching is a feminine career at the pre-school level, but definitely not at the secondary level. School teachers number in 2011 Schools Full-time Teachers Female Full-time Teachers Number Percentage Senior Secondary Schools Junior Secondary Schools % % Primary Schools % Pre-school Education Institutions % Data Source: the Website of Ministry of Education of the People s Republic of China
17 2. Brief Introduction to History of Teacher Education in China 17 Chinese people have a history and tradition of respecting teachers and attaching importance to education since the very ancient times. Teacher education in China only has a history of 100 years.
18 18 The first teacher education institution in China is the Normal School of Nanyang Gongxue (the earliest Chinese university in modern times ) which was founded in Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry were the main curriculum offered. Besides, students also had to learn science education, botany, mineralogy, geography and foreign language. 71 students graduated in total. The school was closed in 1903.
19 19 Before 1904: Introduced ideas from abroad Some ideas and notions about teacher education in other countries (European countries, U.S. and Japan) had been introduced to China gradually : Learned from Japan normal schools: primary school teachers teacher colleges: secondary school teachers : Learned from U.S. Normal schools and regular secondary schools were encouraged to merge into comprehensive secondary schools. Teacher colleges became independent universities or faculties and departments of universities : Explored in a hard time and way Normal schools became independent again. There were only 2 institutions for educating secondary school teachers during : Beijing Normal University, Beijing Women s Normal University.
20 :Learned from Russia There were two kinds of higher education institutions for teacher education: 1.normal (or education) colleges (under MOE) 2. normal junior colleges (under local governments) educate senior secondary teachers Most of normal (education) colleges and normal junior colleges have upgraded to universities. educate junior secondary teachers Besides, secondary normal schools had the responsibility to educate teachers at pre-school and primary school level. Secondary normal schools were abolished from the beginning of 21st They enrolled graduates from junior secondary schools. century and some of them upgraded to junior colleges or universities.
21 3. Teacher education providers in China 21 Nowadays, in China, teacher education are provided by universities, especially normal universities.
22 There are 6 normal universities under MOE. 22 Beijing Normal University East China Normal University Northeast China Normal University Central China Normal University Southwest University Shanxi Normal University
23 23 There are over 30 normal universities in China which are under the administration of local educational authorities of each province. We usually call this kind of universities: local normal universities. They play a vital role in outputting teachers for school education in each province of China.
24 Name list of local normal universities in China: 24 Anhui Normal University Chongqing Normal University Fujian Normal University Guangxi Normal University Guizhou Normal University Haerbin Normal University Hainan Normal University Hangzhou Normal University Hebei Normal University Henan Normal University Hunan Normal University South China Normal University Huaibei Normal University Jilin Normal University Jiangsu Normal University Yunnan Normal University Jiangxi Normal University Liaoning Normal University Neimenggu Normal University Nanjing Normal University Zhejiang Normal University Qinghai Normal University Qufu Normal University Shandong Normal University Shanxi Normal University Shanghai Normal University Shenyang Normal University Shoudu Normal University Sichuan Normal University Tianjin Normal University Northwest Normal University Xihua Normal University Xinjiang Normal University
26 26 4. Teacher education models in China At undergraduate level: 2+2 model: 1st-2nd academic Year: subject knowledge studying; 3rd-4th academic Year: teaching skill training model: first 2.5 years: emphasizing on subject theory learning (including some teaching practice); last 1.5 years: focusing on teaching training, practical training is the key point. 3+1 model: 1st-3rd academic Year: subject knowledge and education theory studying; 4th academic Year: teaching practice
27 27 At postgraduate level: 4+2 model: 1st-4th academic Year: subject knowledge studying (Bachelor of the subject); 5th-6th academic Year: teaching skill training (Master of education). Beijing Normal University uses this model to educate research-based teachers for secondary schools, especially key middle schools.
28 28 5. Curriculum framework of teacher education Subject knowledge is emphasized more than pedagogical knowledge according to the curricula framework of teacher education in China.
29 29 Curricula structure of pre-service teacher education at undergraduate level Zhejiang Normal University All the curriculums can be divided into 3 parts: general education subject knowledge pedagogy & teaching training
30 Part Ⅰ: general education 30 Curricula category Curricula module credit General education (obligatory) Political theory 16 Information technology 4-6 University foreign language 12 University Physical 4 University Chinese literature 2 Higher mathematics 3-10 Career planning and employment guidance for college students 2 History and culture General education (elective) Culture and arts Economy and society Science and society 6-12 Well-being and life Total 49-64
31 Part Ⅱ: subject knowledge 31 Curricula category Curricula module credit Discipline basic curriculum Subject core curriculum Subject oriented & development curriculum Practical segment Subject oriented curricular Subject development curricular 30 Graduation dissertation design 6-10 Major practice 4-12 Social practice of political theory 2 Military theory & military training 2 Total
32 Part Ⅲ: pedagogy & teaching training 32 Curricula category Curricula module credit Educational theory and psychology Educational administration & educational research pedagogy 2 Educational psychology 2 Psychological consultation of secondary school students 2 Educational philosophy 2 Educational sociology 2 Teacher ethnics 2 Educational history at home and abroad 2 Discipline pedagogical theory 2 Lectures about educational reform 1 Theory about teacher professional development 2 Class management 2 School organization and administration 2 Educational research methods 2 Research on discipline standards and teaching material of secondary school 2 Curriculum development 3
33 Part Ⅲ: pedagogy & teaching training 33 Teaching skills and methods Teaching practice Modern educational technology theory and application language skill of teachers 1 Handwriting skill 1 Microteaching and teaching diagnosis 1 Teaching strategy and teaching design 2 Case teaching s theory and method 2 Teaching novitiate 2 Teaching practice 7 Teaching research 1 Total 52 3
35 Curricula Structure of Chinese Literature Major (undergraduate) 35 Hainan Normal University 52 credits 78 credits 28 credits curricula category credit academic year general education (compulsory) general education (selective) discipline/subject (compulsory) subject core (compulsory) subject development (selective) teacher education (compulsory ) teacher education (selective) practice teaching training 14 (compulsory) 3-4 other practice 16
36 36 6. Teaching practice in local normal universities Compared with other normal universities in China, Zhejiang Normal University emphasizes more on students teaching skill s training. Students will take part in 9 weeks teaching practice and 3 weeks teaching research. Teaching research: when students teach a class at schools, their performance will be taken by a video recorder. When they finish their practice and go back to university from schools, they will watch these videos to do self-reflection and team discussion.
37 37 Teacher Education Practical Training Centre (TEPTC) We have established the Teacher Education Practical Training Centre (TEPTC) in order to enhance students teaching skills. Each year, 2500 undergraduate students will take an assessment (including teaching strategy design, courseware making, handwriting, pronunciation of mandarin and etc) in the centre. If a student cannot pass the assessment, he (she) will not be able to attend teaching practice and cannot get the Bachelor Degree and Graduation Diploma.
39 39 CONTENT Education System in China Teacher Education in China Related Issues and Problems
40 40 1. The core mission of normal universities has changed today. In the history, normal universities, especially local normal universities, were built in order to educate prospective school teachers. But nowadays, most normal universities already have been or tended to be multidisciplinary universities.
41 41 A national research program leaded by Prof. SUI Yifan: Research on the Mission and Teacher Education Model s Reform of Local Normal Universities We have done some investigations in many local normal universities: what the percentage of teacher education enrollment occupies the whole university s enrollment at undergraduate level in the recent 3 years? we found that: A majority of local normal universities did not reach the figure of 50% and some were even lower than 20%. There are only a few local normal universities reached or exceed the figure of 50%. Will these normal universities forget or lose their initial mission to educate teachers for school education? Researchers in China worry about this problem.
42 42 2. Teacher education should focus more on students teaching skill training. A research finding of research program: Research on the Mission and Teacher Education Model s Reform of Local Normal Universities We have sent 432 questionnaires to secondary school teachers who graduated from local normal universities and received 341. Degree of Satisfaction on teacher education of your university Very helpful (A)(%) Quite helpful (B)(%) Just OK (C)(%) Not that helpful (D)(%) Not helpful at all (E)(%) Subject curriculum General education curriculum Pedagogy & educational curriculum Teaching practice
43 43 Emphasizing more on subject knowledge than pedagogy & education practice may have two sides: On one hand, it may offer prospective school teachers with adequate academic training and knowledge background. On the other hand, it may make students lack the skill to know children well and to understand their learning.
44 44 3. Teacher education, differing from other higher education, should satisfy the needs of current school teaching. We interviewed many principals in Chinese secondary schools and asked them to give some suggestions to current teacher education.* They said that teacher education is a typical professional education which is quite different from other higher education. They emphasized that teacher education should care more about the needs of current school teaching. * This is a research finding of national research program named Research on the Mission and Teacher Education Model s Reform of Local Normal Universities. The program is leaded by Prof. SUI Yifan.,
45 45 Normal universities should communicate more frequently and cooperate more with schools to educate prospective teachers than currently.
46 46 4. Teacher education needs to solve a problem: how to make students love and devote to teaching. We have sent 2200 questionnaires to undergraduate students who study education in local normal universities and received * The following graph shows their reasons for choosing to study education. others major adjustment 0.50% 6.86% the advice from parents or teachers intense empoloyment competition the stablity of teaching career Love teaching 17.78% 35.67% 35.52% 54.38% 0.00% 10.00% 20.00% 30.00% 40.00% 50.00% 60.00% * This is a research finding of national research program named Research on the Mission and Teacher Education Model s Reform of Local Normal Universities. The program is leaded by Prof. SUI Yifan.,
47 47 Some secondary schools principals said compared with experienced teachers, young teachers seem to lack the faith of teaching career. Professional spirit is one of the most important quality that a capable teacher should have. How to equip students with enthusiasm for teaching is a question that teacher educators must consider seriously.
PhD Workshop 2015 State 211 Project State 211 Project is the Chinese government's new endeavor aimed at strengthening about 100 institutions of higher education and key disciplinary areas as a national
Fourth International Conference on Poverty Reduction and Child Development ARNEC s 2015 Asia-Pacific Regional ECD Conference Venue 3: Building capacity of ECD workforce for quality and Inclusive ECD Is
CHINA CELL PHONE MARKET PROFILE February 2011 INTRODUCTION This report discusses the cell phone market in China mainly from the following sections. - Size of Cell Phone Market in China Based on Zeefer's
Mathematics and Science Teacher Preparation in China Xu, Binyan firstname.lastname@example.org edu cn Kong Qiping email@example.com East China Normal University it Spring Planning Meeting June 16-17, 2008 Teacher
CHINA CARBONATED SOFT DRINKS MARKET PROFILE February 2011 INTRODUCTION This report discusses the carbonated soft drinks market in China mainly from the following sections. - Size of Carbonated Soft Drinks
The Development of Soil Survey and Soil Mapping in China Gan-Lin Zhang, Zi-Tong Gong State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing
International Journal of Psychological Studies; Vol. 7, No. 4; 2015 ISSN 1918-7211 E-ISSN 1918-722X Published by Canadian Center of Science and Education The Motivation and Objective Factors of Web Psychological
BIOPAC Users List Institute of Pharmacology under Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences Institute of Zoology under Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences National Examination Centre of Medicine and Biological
Hong Kong Your Fast Track to China China - One Nation, Multiple Markets Presented by : Fanny Ting Marketing Director Victorinox Hong Kong Limited Agenda 1. How Victorinox Hong Kong (VHK) sees the China
Recent Migration Trends in China: Geographic and Demographic Aspects and Development Implications. Zai Liang Department of Sociology University at Albany, SUNY Prepared for presentation at UN Expert Group
ANALYSIS OF GIS HIGHER EDUCATION IN CHINA Liu Yaolin Shen Yuanchun School of Resource and Environmental Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan City (430079),P.R. China (firstname.lastname@example.org) KEY WORDS: GIS Higher
Koroška cesta 160 2000 Maribor, Slovenia UNIVERSITY OF MARIBOR FACULTY OF EDUCATION Koroška cesta 160, 2000 Maribor Phone: 02 22 93 600, fax: 02 22 93 760 http://www.pef.um.si/ Detailed information: Natalija
Teachers e-education in China: Towards a Lifelong Learning Framework for Teacher Professional Development Zhu Zhiting UNESCO-APEID ECNU Associate Center East China Normal University, Shanghai, China (Zipcode:
GLOBAL HOUSING WATCH April 2016 This Quarterly Update includes an update of the Global House Price Index and our other core charts, and a discussion of house price developments in some cities within major
1. There Firstly, Professional 171 An Overview of the Educational Administration Higher Education System of China are 1080 universities and colleges of full-time higher education in China. They areadminis
How to Develop Tourism Offers for the Chinese market Mr. Zhu Shanzhong Executive Director, UNWTO A Brief Outlook of Chinese Outbound Market Chinese outbound market: starts late, grows fast, stays active
INTERNATIONAL PERSPECTIVES The Academic Library Development in China by Jianzhong Wu and Ruhua Huang On October 23, 2002, Peking University Library, the biggest university library in Asia, celebrated its
Biomed Environ Sci, 2011; 24(4): 329 334 329 Original Article Health Inequalities during 20 Years of Rapid Economic Development in China (1980 2000): A Mortality Analysis* ZHENG XiaoYing,#, SONG XinMing,
DEPARTMENT OF TEACHER EDUCATION University of Helsinki 8/1/2010 FACULTY OF BEHAVIOURAL SCIENCES DEPARTMENT OF BEHAVIOURAL SCIENCES Fields of study: - educational sciences - psychology - speech sciences
Shorik initiative Guide to Studying in China United Arab Emirates Embassy -Beijing, China Index Part 1: A brief introduction to China Part 2: Climate, time zone and currency Part 3: Higher education and
Interim Administrative Measures on Domain Name Registration (Promulgated by Leading group for information technology advancement under the state council) PART ONE GENERAL PROVISIONS Article 1 Article 2
Education system China The Chinese education system described and compared with the Dutch system This document provides information about the education system of China. It also includes the Dutch comparison
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management, 2015, 5, 66-72 Published Online February 2015 in SciRes. http://www.scirp.org/journal/ajibm http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ajibm.2015.52008 Study on the
WINE CONSUMERS AND SOCIAL MEDIA: CASE STUDIES FROM CHINA AND AUSTRALIA PROWEIN, MARCH 2015 Wine Intelligence 2015 1 Consumers and social media Millions online, but cultural norms still apply Social media
At a glance es: Students: 3500+ Research and Academic Centres: 2 Undergraduate degrees: 6 degrees: 11 Rankings: ranked top 100 in the world* * QS World University Rankings by Subject 2015 Griffith s School
247 REGULATIONS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF EDUCATION (MEd) (See also General Regulations) Any publication based on work approved for a higher degree should contain a reference to the effect that the work
2nd Cycle Master Study Programme Arts Therapy The post-graduate master study programme of ArtsTherapy is based on the existent specialist programme; the prior undergraduate study programme thereof is non-existent.
http://conference.ifla.org/ifla77 Date submitted: May 23, 2011 The CPD innovation in China: training for the grassroots Wu Yue Library Society of China and Hao Jinmin National Library of China Beijing,
Using modern information technology during preservice teacher education practicum period to make training possible in authentic environment Merja Meriläinen Kokkola University Consortium Chydenius Peter
Conferencing Global Access Information Global Access allows audio conferencing participants the ability to join calls from around the globe using local and freephone dial-in numbers. Dialing Information
Bachelor of Bachelor of Education (Honours) Detailed Course Requirements The 2016 Monash University Handbook will be available from October 2015. This document contains interim 2016 course requirements
215 REGULATIONS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF EDUCATION (MEd) (See also General Regulations) Any publication based on work approved for a higher degree should contain a reference to the effect that the work
Oral Presentation - 3.6.2 Comparative research on the cultivating elementary school special education teachers between Taiwan and Korea Hsin Yi WANG (National Taichung University of Education, Taichung,
Training of Secondary School Mathematics and Science Teachers in Singapore Wong Khoon Yoong Head, Math and Math Education Academic Group National Institute of Education Nanyang Technological l University
Huang: Understanding the Software Industry in China: Export Performance INDIA, CHINA AND AMERICA INSTITUTE 1549 CLAIRMONT ROAD, SUITE 202 DECATUR, GA 30033 USA WWW.ICAINSTITUTE.ORG Understanding the Software
BRIEF OF THIS REPORT This report is based on the results of the School Basic Survey in Osaka prefecture. The survey has been carried out annually as of May 1 as part of a national survey under the direction
Management Information Systems curricula: a comparison between China and the USA Abstract Ding Li Northern State University Sharon Paranto Northern State University Yihong Rong Beijing Capital Normal University
Cycle 2: UNIVERSITY POSTGRADUATE STUDIES FOR CANDIDATES WITH DIPLOMA FROM RELATED FACULTIES / PARENT STUDY PROGRAMS CODE SEMESTER 9 CLASSES PER 1 PFV 901 Learning and Teaching Strategies 2 PFV 902 Methods
Education in Finland University of Jyväskylä founded in 1934 one of the largest universities in Finland London Berlin total income 176,9 million euros Paris 7 faculties Madrid Rome Athens over 15 700 students
Journal of Education for Teaching ISSN: 0260-7476 (Print) 1360-0540 (Online) Journal homepage: http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/cjet20 Chinese government documents on teacher education since the 1980s Jun
VIETNAM HIGHER EDUCATION DEGREE SYSTEM Assoc. Prof. Dr. Nguyen Quy Thanh, General Director, Institute for Education Quality Assurance Vietnam National University, Hanoi REFORM IN HE DEGREE STRUCTURE AND
7. Student Loan Reform in China: Problems and challenges Wei Jianguo and Wang Rong China Institute for Educational Finance Research, Peking University Development of Student Loans in China The development
Creative Education 2012. Vol.3, Special Issue, 847-851 Published Online October 2012 in SciRes (http://www.scirp.org/journal/ce) http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ce.2012.326126 An Elementary Introduction to Training
The Teaching of Traditional Chinese Instrumental Music Theory In the 20 th Century and Its Future Development Yuan Jingfang, Central Conservatory of Music, Beijing, China I. The Establishment and Development
317 INTRODUCTION TO INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA. (1) An introductory instructional media experience including basic production and utilization techniques for media materials and operation of commonly used educational
China: A Market Overview Humber Seafood Summit 2014 Claire Urry, Executive Director China-Britain Business Council Add text here 18 September 2014 China-Britain Business Council (CBBC) helping UK companies
CNOOC Natural Gas Business CNOOC 2 October 2014 1. CNOOC Gas & Power Overview 2. Chinese Gas Market Overview 3. Chinese Economic & Gas Market Update 4. Chinese Gas Market Outlook 5. Summary CNOOC Overview
EUCIM-TE = European Core Curriculum for Mainstreamed Second Language Teacher Education Bulgarian Teacher Education Partnership Report Tatyana Angelova, Gergana Dacheva, Radka Vlahova, Yovka Tisheva, Sofia
The Comparison of Basic Education Systems Dr. Kan Wei Institute of Curriculum and Instruction Faculty of Education Beijing Normal University overview of development of basic education Contrasting on educational
Theoretical Economics Letters, 2014, 4, 446-456 Published Online June 2014 in SciRes. http://www.scirp.org/journal/tel http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/tel.2014.46056 Space Research of China s Industry Structure
Open Journal of Social Sciences, 2014, 2, 314-320 Published Online September 2014 in SciRes. http://www.scirp.org/journal/jss http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jss.2014.29050 Research on Identification of Chinese
Bachelor of Science in Education Degree Program The primary goal of the teacher education program is providing for the development of professional understanding of the processes and purposes of education,
UNIVERSITY OF WOLLONGONG www.uow.edu.au 57 EDUCATION The Faculty of has built an international reputation on the excellence of its pre-service education programs and the quality and diversity of its ongoing
Do Hoang Ngan After 9 years applying the credit system into training, testing, examination and graduation (July 30 th, 2001), on August 15 th, 2007, Ministry of Education and Training of Vietnam issued
Seminar on higher at the King Faisal Centre for Research and Islamic Studies, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, 29 January 25. Higher Education in Japan - The past, the present and the future - Contents
National summary sheets on education system in Europe and ongoing reforms 2009 Edition National summary sheets on education systems in Europe and ongoing reforms FINLAND AUGUST 2009 1. Education population
CHINA NATURE INDEX Nature Index China tables China s leading institutions for high-quality science, ordered by weighted fractional count () for 2013. Also shown are the total number of articles, and the
Palos Heights, Illinois 2010 UNDERGRADUATE ELEMENTARY Teacher Preparation Program Design D+ While its overall design has numerous weaknesses, including the fact that the institution does not play the pivotal
Education system Thailand The Thai education system described and compared with the Dutch system This document provides information about the education system of Thailand. It also includes the Dutch comparison
A Comparative Review on Chinese Vocational Education and Training System Xi Yu   email@example.com University of Minnesota Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Address: 125 Peik Hall, 159 Pillsbury Dr SE, Minneapolis,
The Leading Market Research in the Luxury Watch Industry Since 2004 www.worldwatchreport.com Since 2004, the WorldWatchReport has provided the luxury watch industry with an exclusive analysis of the leading
RECOGNITION OF FOREIGN TEACHING QUALIFICATIONS IN FINLAND Publications 2010:1 RECOGNITION OF FOREIGN TEACHING QUALIFICATIONS IN FINLAND Publications 2010:1 Finnish National Board of Education Publications
Cultivation of Female Vocational College Students Professionalism FENG Duan Sichuan Business Vocational College, 610091 email@example.com Abstract: With the development of social, women gradually increase
The Development and Trends: Adult Higher Education in China Liu Jianfeng, PhD. Vice President National Institute of Education Sciences, China July,12,2015 1 Brief information about NIES The National Institute
Challenges and Perspectives of Welfare Regimes in China Ye Jingzhong, Wang Yihuan 1 During the period of planned economy, China adopted a highly centralized approach to welfare provision, i.e. the social
2004/10/23 at Capital Normal University, Beijing China Recent Trends on Teacher Education Reform in Japan IWATA, Yasuyuki Associate Professor, Curriculum Center for Teachers, Tokyo Gakugei University 1.
As approved by Senate of 18 June 2015 EDUCATION ACT (CAP. 327) Bye-Laws of 2015 in terms of the General Regulations for University Postgraduate Awards, 2008 for the Degree of Master in Teaching and Learning
China Economic Review 15 (2004) 203 214 Infrastructure and regional economic development in rural China Shenggen FAN a,b, *, Xiaobo ZHANG a a International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC,
EMBASSY OF SWITZERLAND IN CHINA BEIJING, 02.04.2014 Reporting from Beijing: China Moving Towards Dual Track Education System, Establishing University of Applied Sciences Summary Chinese Ministry of Education
Finnish education in a nutshell education in finland A central objective is to provide all citizens with equal opportunities. 6 5 A 4 3 1&2 0 iscedclassification duration in years 0 5 1 9 3 3 2 Education
Finnish education in a nutshell education in finland 2 Finnish education in a nutshell A central objective is to provide all citizens with equal opportunities. Education system in Finland 6 Doctoral degrees
HUNGARY Introduction The Hungarian educational system is one of the most decentralised educational systems in Europe. The administrative responsibilities are shared horizontally between the Hungarian Ministry
Gender Gaps in China: Facts and Figures October 2006 1 Executive Summary Based on the data taken from the 1982, 1990 and 2000 Population Censuses, the report examines from a quantitative perspective gender
Doctoral Education Quality Assurance System of Shanghai Jiao Tong University Yaguang Wang Nov.14, 2014 Contents Ⅰ. Basic Information of Doctoral Education Ⅱ. Quality Assurance System of Doctoral Education
Elmhurst, Illinois 2010 UNDERGRADUATE SPECIAL EDUCATION Teacher Preparation Program Design C+ While its university's selectivity in admissions and fairly strong reading preparation enhance the design of
Nishikyushu University Policy for the Organization of Curricula for Undergraduate Degrees 1. In order to achieve the educational objectives of its faculties and departments, Nishikyushu University shall
Successful Practices of Integrity Education in Schools and Universities in China Ministry of Foreign Affairs, P. R. China Ms. Liu Xiaoyan August, 2013 Features Comprehensive coverage with strong organizational
Rajendra Iyer Project Manager- HVDC Projects Brazil-China-India meeting on HVDC and Hybrid Systems, planning and Engineering Issues Rio de Janerio, Brazil July 16th-18th, 2006 HVDC Systems Planning Considerations
JAPAN Total area: 377 801 sq km Population: 125 351 000 Illiterate population aged 15 years and over:... percentage of illiterates:... Public current expenditure on education as percentage of GNP:... Public
Marcus Wassmuth June 15th, 2011 Use of CNY in International Trade Settlement German Chamber Shanghai Workshop Controlling Marcus Wassmuth, June 15th, 2011, Page 1 Titel der Präsentation, Referent, Seite
Education Reforms at Tokyo Institute of Technology Yoshinao Mishima President Tokyo Institute of Technology March 14, 2014 1 Outline of Talk 1. About Tokyo Tech s Current Education System 2. Mission of