1 The role of new on-farm technologies in sustainable farm management and dairy herd improvement (DHI) October 16, 2011 Kees de Koning, Pieter Hogewerf
3 New on-farm technologies & farm management Use of technology on dairy farms Drivers for on-farm sensor technology Precision livestock farming and milk recording (DHI) Take home message
4 Developments in the past decades ( )
5 Milking parlour or automatic milking system?
6 AMS farms world wide
7 Current technologies on dairy farms Utilization of electronic devices and systems ID, feeding concentrate, yield sensors, pedometers, conductivity Automatic Milking Systems growing fast More integrated systems on farm (ID, Yield, Data collection, sampling) In-line sensors and on-farm analyzers are entering market
8 Sensor technology
9 Milk components on-farm
10 Milk components on-line
11 Progesteron, LDH, BHB
12 Milk composition in-line
13 New on-farm technologies & farm management Use of technology on dairy farms Drivers for on-farm sensor technology Precision livestock farming and milk recording (DHI) Take home message
14 Animal production future challenges Need: Improvement of production and product quality Lowering cost price Tools: Early warning systems for management and quality programs Internet applications Possibilities: Measurements at animal level Day to day management genetic data Key success factors Robust and profitable systems, fitting in the management of the farmer
15 Precision farming, the right answer? Technology to save labour and costs Technology to improve Management Milking including milk recording Feeding Social life Past many technologies, few were really successful, what can we learn from past?
16 Too Very Farmer has a choice! complicated! useful! Too expensive!
17 Possible sensors in dairy production Measurements Indications Management Hormones Heat Reproduction Ureum Ketosis Feeding Proteins Inflammation Health Pathogens Mastitis Health Conductivity Residues Mastitis Milk quality Health/ Product quality Fat and protein Feed quality Feeding Body score Condition Feeding Locomotion score Claw health Health
18 Information is the key element From Measurement to Knowledge Information on: Herd management Milk recording, data services Farm, technical and financial management Support for governance, administration but also certification systems (quality assurance -chain)
19 We are drowning in data but starving for information John Naisbett
20 From Data to Result RESULT Decision/Execution ACTION Benefit Integration Analysis KNOW- LEDGE INFORMATION Collection DATA OBJECTIVES Cost
21 Precision farming? Individual approach in large herds In heat? Feed intake ok? Enough milk? Mastitis? Lameness?
22 Drivers for sensor introduction Need for management by exception Strong focus on milk recording elements Introduction of highly automated milking systems External analysis versus in-line or on-farm analysis Time gain, quality of data versus costs Introduction of new statistical methods Integration: Precision Livestock Farming
23 New on-farm technologies & farm management Developments in precision livestock farming Use of technology on dairy farms Precision livestock farming and milk recording (DHI) Take home message
24 Milk Recording Genetic improvement Benefits not only from genetic improvement, also Feeding Disease control Daily herd management ICAR focus strongly on milk meter accuracy levels Approval procedures, device requirements and routine test procedures More towards integrated systems New devices, test procedures, continuous monitoring
25 Modern milk recording herds Cow ID, electronic milk meters, computer systems, Internet Access Need for information on SCC, urea, fat, protein, lactose, progesteron, Day to day management External analysis samples in well organized laboratories In-line and on-farm sensor developments threat or opportunity? Time gain, quality of data versus costs
26 Alternative routine testing methods Use of smart statistical methods Use of milk meter data (milk meter, yield, cow number) Difference average per cluster number vs average all milkings on all clusters Deviation ms μ ms x AvgKgMilk Mm μ ms = 0 when meter operates ok Applied in several countries
27 ICAR Guide Lines milk analysers Laboratory equipment Milk analyzers On-farm (at-line) analyzers Milk analyzer on farm using a representative sample In-line analyzers Mounted in the milking system Real-time or at the end of milking on a representative sample of the whole milking Chapter 11 adapted for in-line analyzers Similar approach as for milk meters Compulsory and non-compulsory elements Limits of error are different Test day approach
28 New on-farm technologies & farm management Developments in precision livestock farming Use of technology on dairy farms Precision livestock farming and milk recording Take home message
29 Precision livestock farming: logic & inspiration Smart combination of tools, technologies and skills Measurement, interpretation, action of the farmer Integrated approach necessary Challenge is to analyze, to interpret data and to transfer into actions Helpful means to improve sustainable farming business New management services Industrial partners play important role Co-innovation is key for success
30 What to expect in future? New sensors? Food safety, composition, health and welfare status, antibiotic therapy, genomics On farm processing of milk Differentiation, use of colostrum, milk refinery, Less transport volume: UF, RO and other techniques Measure locally, (data) analysis externally? Function within the Food Supply Chain? From grass to milk?
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