SUMMARY OF PROFESSIONAL ACCOMPLISHMENT

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1 Dęblin, 7 February 2014 SUMMARY OF PROFESSIONAL ACCOMPLISHMENT 1. Tadeusz Zenon COMPA, PhD born on 25 August 1955 in Sadkowice 2. Diplomas held, scientific/artistic degrees with the indication of the name, place and year in which they were acquired, as well as the title of the doctoral dissertation Bachelor of Science degree in navigation the Air Force Officer Training College in Dęblin (currently the Polish Air Force Academy) 1979; Master of Arts degree in pedagogy Faculty of Pedagogy and Psychology at Maria Curie Skłodowska University in Lublin 1987; PhD degree in military science in the field of leadership and logistics the resolution of Air Forces and Air Defense Forces Faculty Council of 2 July The PhD thesis entitled Przekształcenia strukturalno-funkcjonalne systemu kontroli powietrznej RP stymulujące konieczne kwalifikacje wojskowego personelu służby ruchu lotniczego [The structural and functional transformations of the Polish airspace control system stimulating the required qualifications of military air traffic service personnel] (thesis supervisor Prof. Wacław Świątnicki, PhD); 1st qualification class of Navigator in transport aviation 1985; Advanced Officers Course in Aviation Development Centre in Dęblin Information about previous employment in scientific/artistic establishments from 15 January 1989 to 30 September Lecturer in the Department of Flight Safety at the Air Force Officer Training College in Dęblin; from 1 October 1994 to 30 September 1996 Lecturer in the Department of Navigation at the Polish Air Force Academy; from 1 October 1996 to 30 September 2002 Assistant professor in the Department of Navigation, Aviation Faculty at the Polish Air Force Academy in Dęblin; from 1 October 2002 to 31 January 2010 Associate professor, the Head of the Department of Navigation, Aviation Faculty at the Polish Air Force Academy; from 1 October 2010 to 30 September 2011 Senior lecturer in the Institute of Technical Sciences and Aviation at The State School of Higher Education in Chełm (second position). 1

2 from 1 February 2010 until now Associate Professor, the Dean of the Faculty of National Security and Logistics My present professional and scientific career comprises three main stages. The first one is my military service which gave me the opportunity for an active involvement in air operation tasks and an insight into the structure and functioning of air traffic safety system, with its strengths and weaknesses. The second stage is my teaching activity, which demanded a wider and more scientific approach to flight safety problems, the result of which were both my scientific achievements and the research conducted for my PhD thesis. The third stage, the most significant one, is related to the management of academic units: the department and the faculty where I can use my prior experience, knowledge and skills for scientific purposes. The issue of flight safety has always been of great interest to me, which is reflected in numerous studies, textbooks, handbooks, monographs, monograph chapters, conference presentations and papers published in aviation periodicals and monographs. Apart from my teaching and organizational activities the research which I conducted has also been used for the following post-doctoral dissertation. 4. Pursuant to Article 16 (2) of the Act of 14 March 2003 on university degrees and university title in arts (Journal of Laws No 65, item 595, as amended), indication of the academic achievement constituting the author s significant contribution to the development of the given scientific discipline After obtaining my PhD degree in 1996, my scientific activity focused on the research in the subject area of air traffic safety management. It was a very good time for such research due to a big number of European programs concerning this issue, initiated by the European Union, European Civil Aviation Conference and Eurocontrol. The analysis of these programs as well as the activity of air traffic personnel in a number of selected countries (Germany, France, Great Britain, the Czech Republic, Sweden) revealed the need for significant changes in the Polish system of air traffic management and control. The shortcomings of the Polish air traffic service system and the directions for its development have been presented in the following papers: Przekształcanie służb ruchu lotniczego w Polsce i dostosowywanie do standardów Unii Europejskiej [The transformation of air traffic services in Poland in compliance with European Union standards], Przegląd Wojsk Lotniczych i Obrony Powietrznej no. 3/1997; Wojskowa kontrola obszaru krok w kierunku integracji służb ruchu lotniczego [Military control area a step towards the integration of air traffic services], Przegląd Wojsk Lotniczych i Obrony Powietrznej no. 2/1997; Modernizacja systemu kierowania ruchem lotniczym w Polsce [The upgrade of air traffic management system in Poland], Biuletyn WSOSP no. 4/1997. Zintegrowany system zarządzania ruchem lotniczym [Integrated air traffic management system in Poland], Myśl Wojskowa no. 4/1998; 2

3 Służba ruchu lotniczego w kontekście rozwoju lotnictwa cywilnego i wojskowego [Air traffic service in relation to the development of civil and military aviation], Biuletyn WSOSP no. 1/1998; Wdrażanie Europejskiego Programu Harmonizacji i Integracji Ruchu Lotniczego oraz wynikające z tego konsekwencje dla WSOSP [The implementation of the European Air Traffic Harmonization and Integration Program and its implications for the PAFA], Biuletyn WSOSP no. 2/1998; Komercjalizacja służb ruchu lotniczego [The commercialization of air traffic services], Biuletyn WSOSP no. 4/1998. From 1996 to 2000 I cooperated with an interdepartamental panel of experts for the development of The single air traffic management system of the Polish airspace, the result of which may be seen in the publication of two scientific monographs: Organizacja i zarządzanie ruchem lotniczym [Air traffic organization and management] (1999) and Zasady użytkowania przestrzeni powietrznej RP [The rules of Polish airspace use] (2001). These papers made recommendations with regard to the development directions for the Polish air traffic management system (ATM) and the changes in the use of airspace by both civil and military aviation within the shared airspace. The above papers were used as supplementary material for the development of Instrukcji ruchu lotniczego w Siłach Zbrojnych RP (IRL) [Manual of air traffic of the Polish Armed Forces] 2005, WLOP 353/2005. Following the subsequent changes in air traffic management system and a lack of publications, especially for military aviation personnel, with regard to the changes in the structure of ATM and the rules of airspace use, I made my contribution to the field through the publication of a textbook, which can be used for both operational and educational purposes. On the basis of my knowledge and the prior research I prepared two textbooks designed mainly for military pilots, navigators, air traffic service personnel and cadets. Zarządzanie ruchem lotniczym w przestrzeni powietrznej RP [Air traffic management of the Polish Airspace], published by DWLOP 2002; Loty w obszarze kontrolowanym [Flights in control area] (co-author), published by DWLOP These textbooks were recommended for use in the Polish Air Force and the Polish Air Force Academy by the Commander of Air Forces and Air Defense Forces. In order to proceed with educational process, especially for air traffic specializations I found it necessary to prepare textbooks containing the latest information on the safety of airspace use, the methods of air traffic control, the functioning of integrated air traffic management system in Poland as well as European programs connected with communication, navigation and surveillance. The research I conducted in this field also concerned prospective solutions for the next two decades of 21st century. The result of these studies was the publication of the monograph and three academic textbooks: Podręcznik kontrolera ruchu lotniczego[the handbook of an air traffic controller] (2000); Kontrola ruchu lotniczego [Air traffic control] (2001); Zarządzanie przestrzenią powietrzną [Air space management](2003); Zarządzanie przepływem ruchu lotniczego [Air traffic flow management](2008). The last one was highly evaluated as this issue was a novelty in Poland and had not been dealt with before. This textbook was purchased by a few universities / academies and aviation organizations. 3

4 After Poland became a member of NATO, we were obliged to implement standards, regulations and procedures defined by the NATO Standardization Agreements (STANAGs). As a result, I began my cooperation with the Military Centre for Standardization, Quality and Codification, which is reflected in four research papers and fourteen defense standard projects (listed in Appendix ): Research paper: Compa T., Skop Z., Stężalski P., Możliwości wdrożenia w Siłach Zbrojnych RP zasad i procedur NATO w zakresie poszukiwania i ratownictwa podczas działań bojowych [The possibilities for the implementation of NATO rules and procedures into the Polish Armed Forces in the field of search and rescue combat operations], Topic no. 04/A/16 Wojskowe Centrum Normalizacji i Kodyfikacji MON (WCNJiK), Warszawa 2009 Research paper: Compa T., Skop Z., Kryteria i procedury nadawania uprawnień wojskowemu personelowi służb ruchu lotniczego [The criteria and procedures of giving license to military air traffic service personnel], WCNJiK, Topic no. 06/A/06, Warszawa 2007 Research paper: Compa T., Jafernik H., Skop Z., Wymagania lotnictwa wojskowego dla publikacji informacji lotniczych [The requirements of military aviation for the publication of flight information], WCNJiK, Topic no , Warszawa 2004 Research paper: Compa T., Jafernik H., Skop Z., Nawigowanie w rejonach lotnisk ze szczególnym uwzględnieniem kryteriów przyrządowego podejścia i odlotu podstawowe zasady [The fundamentals of navigation in the vicinity of aerodromes with a special emphasis on the criteria of instrumental approach and take-off], Biuro Wojskowe Standaryzacji i Normalizacji MON, Topic no , Warszawa 2002 All defense standards projects, approved by the Minister of National Defense, came into force as currently applicable to the Polish Armed Forces. Air space safety, including air traffic safety relies on the cooperation between two systems : air defense system (ADS) and air traffic management system. Both of them have their own means, procedures and regulations creating as if two separate circles, therefore I found that a much better use of their own resources could be made for both air traffic management and air defense. In the paper Służba ruchu lotniczego w Jednolitym Systemie Obrony Powietrznej RP [Air traffic service in the Single Air Defense System of the Republic of Poland ] (DWLOP 1998) I assessed the possibilities of the common use of these resources which are at the disposal of Air Traffic Agency and Air Forces and Air Defense Forces. The research report presented some suggestions and solutions concerning the cooperation between civil institutions of ATM and ADS institutions, for example the common use of radar stations for the enhancement of radar field parameters, the improvement of flight information and data exchange, the unification of air traffic planning, the coordination of missions (Air Policing, aerial refuelling, AWACS flights), the cooperation in providing assistance to aircraft crews in danger, and many others. Furthermore, the issues of cooperation between civil air traffic services and ADS have been presented in the following articles: Służba ruchu lotniczego w obronie powietrznej [Air traffic service in air defense], Przegląd Wojsk Lotniczych i Obrony Powietrznej no. 5/1997; 4

5 Planowanie i koordynacja ćwiczeń lotniczych w ramach wspólnych operacji NATO [The planning and coordination of flight training exercises within joint NATO operations], Tajna Myśl Wojskowa no. 4/1999; Koordynacja międzynarodowych i krajowych ćwiczeń sił powietrznych według procedur NATO [The coordination of international and national exercises of the air force in compliance with NATO procedures], Zeszyty Naukowe AON no. 3/1999; Narodowe Centrum Wspomagania Operacji Lotniczych ASOC w Jednolitym systemie zarządzania ruchem lotniczym [National Air Support Operations Center ASOC in a single air traffic management system], Zeszyty Naukowe AON no. 2/1999; Zautomatyzowane systemy wspomagania operacji powietrznych [Automated systems of air operations support], Biuletyn WSOSP no. 1/1999. Further aspects of the cooperation between civil air traffic services and military institutions were discussed in the research paper on: Organizacja współdziałania służb ruchu lotniczego z organami ratownictwa lotniczego w czasie kryzysu i wojny [Cooperation between air traffic services with aviation rescue teams in times of crisis and war] in which I defined the areas and scope of the cooperation, the rules of threat information exchange, the possibilities of using civil resources for a rescue action in case of military aircraft accidents. Another area I am concerned with is the safety of airspace use in accordance with the new international rules and procedures of ICAO and NATO. Being responsible for the training of hundreds of officers: pilots, navigators and air traffic controllers I had to familiarize myself with the NATO regulations and procedures, develop syllabuses, apply suitable teaching methods and provide training facilities. The research conducted within the framework of both statutory research and my own research allowed for developing and implementing an effective system of theoretical and practical training in a relatively short time. The most important papers in this area of research are the following ones: Compa T., Michta J., Skop Z., Szkolenie Taktycznych Zespołów Kontroli Obszaru Powietrznego w oparciu o STANAG: 3979, 3733, 3606, 6001 [The training of tactical air control parties in compliance with STANAG: 3979, 3733, 3606, 6001], WSOSP, Dęblin 2004 Compa T., Grzegorzewski M., Implementacja europejskiej strategii zarządzania ruchem lotniczym. Wnioski do organizacji kształcenia kontrolerów ruchu lotniczego w WSOSP [The implementation of the European air traffic management strategy. Conclusions for the organization of air traffic controller training in the Polish Air Force Academy], WSOSP, Dęblin 2004 Compa T., Gruszczyński R., Wykorzystanie zasad FUA w planowaniu i użytkowaniu przestrzeni powietrznej przez lotnictwo Sił Zbrojnych RP [The use of FUA for planning of airspace use by the Polish Air Force], WSOSP, Dęblin 2002 Compa T., Jafernik H., Dostosowywanie nowych zasad funkcjonowania systemu kontroli ruchu lotniczego do zabezpieczenia szkolenia lotniczego w rejonie węzła lotniskowego WSOSP [The adjustment of new rules of air traffic control system for practical flight training in the vicinity of the PAFA aerodrome], WSOSP, Dęblin 2000 Compa T., Zasady użytkowania lotnisk według standardów NATO/ICAO [The rules of airport use in compliance with NATO/ICAO standards], WSOSP, Dęblin

6 Compa T., Jafernik H., Filon R., Rola i zadania służb ruchu lotniczego WSOSP w krajowym systemie bezpieczeństwa lotów [The role and tasks of air traffic services of the PAFA in the national flight safety system], WSOSP, Dęblin1999 Compa T., Krop S., Ośrodek Szkolenia Lotniczego organizacja, zasady funkcjonowania i szkolenia personelu lotniczego zgodnie z wymogami wynikającymi z międzynarodowych i krajowych regulacji prawnych [Academic Centre for Aviation Training the organization and training of air personnel in compliance with international and national legal regulations], WSOSP, Dęblin 2009 Compa T., Skop Z., Michta J., Kierunki przekształceń w służbach ruchu lotniczego. Wnioski do kształcenia kontrolerów ruchu lotniczego w WSOSP [The directions for transformations in air traffic service. Conclusions for air traffic controller training in the PAFA], WSOSP, Dęblin 2008 Compa T., Skop Z., Krop S., Kierunki rozwoju usług lotniczych w Polsce. Analiza potrzeb kadrowych i możliwości szkolenia kadr lotniczych w WSOSP [The directions of development for air transport services in Poland. The analysis of the demand for aviation personnel and the possibilities for the personnel training in the PAFA], WSOSP Dęblin 2008 Compa T., Jafernik H., Determinanty taktyczne w kształceniu specjalistów ruchu lotniczego w WSOSP [Tactical conditions for air traffic specialist training in the PAFA], WSOSP Dęblin 2000 Compa T., Skop Z., Krop S., Nowakowski K., Sterowanie przepływem ruchu lotniczego jako nowy przedmiot nauczania specjalistów ruchu lotniczego w WSOSP, cz. I Kierunki rozwoju systemów zarządzania ruchem lotniczym wynikające z założeń europejskiej polityki transportowej oraz strategii Eurocontrol na lata , WSOSP [Steering air traffic flow as a new curriculum subject for air traffic specialists in the PAFA, part I The directions of development of air traffic management systems based on the European transport policy and Eurocontrol strategy for the years ], Dęblin 2005 Compa T., Gruszczyński R., Filon R., Kształcenie specjalistyczne kontrolerów ruchu lotniczego w WSOSP zgodnie z wymogami EATCHIP [A specialized air controller training in the PAFA in compliance with EATCHIP requirements], WSOSP, Dęblin 2001 Navigation safety, closely related to flight safety, constitutes another scope of my interest. Between I participated in a grant research project funded by the State Committee for Scientific Research entitled: System stacji permanentnych DGPS dla potrzeb lotnictwa [The system of permanent stations DGPS for aviation] (KBN TOGA ). It was one of the first research in Poland on the use of differential GPS system for approach procedures at military aerodromes. The introduction of new navigation systems and methods in civil aviation inclined me to undertake research on the possibilities and usefulness of their implementation into military aviation. The findings clearly revealed the necessity to provide military aircraft with devices which would make use of civil navigation systems. These systems are widely available and 6

7 their parameters, in terms of accuracy, are much better than those used in military aviation. Within the framework of statutory research the following papers have been published: Compa T., Sikora R., Kierunki rozwoju systemów CNS/ATM i ich wpływ na lotnictwo wojskowe [The directions of development of CNS/ATM systems and their impact on military aviation], WSOSP, Dęblin 2006; Compa T., Grzegorzewski M., Kierunki doskonalenia infrastruktury technicznej systemu zarządzania ruchem lotniczym w aspekcie wdrażania programu Jednolitej europejskiej przestrzeni powietrznej (SES) [The directions for the development of technical infrastructure of air traffic management system in relation to the implementation of The Single European Sky program], WSOSP, Dęblin 2009; Compa T., Grzegorzewski M., Skop Z., Możliwości wykorzystania metod nawigacji obszarowej w lotnictwie wojskowym [The possibilities of using area navigation methods in military aviation], WSOSP, Dęblin 2010; Compa T., Jafernik H., Gruszczyński R., Woliński., Kryteria przygotowania przyrządowego podejścia i odlotowych procedur dla lotniska Dęblin na bazie urządzeń NDB, VOR, TACAN, ILS i oparciu o APATC 1A [The criteria for the instrumental approach and take-off procedures for Dęblin aerodrome based on NDB, VOR, TACAN, ILS systems and in accordance with APATC 1A], WSOSP Dęblin On the basis of the findings obtained in the research in the field of navigation safety and my participation in a grant project, a number of the following papers has been published and presented at national and international conferences: Co to jest nawigacja obszarowa [What is area navigation?], Biuletyn WSOSP no. 2/1998; Kierunki rozwoju globalnych systemów nawigacji i ich wpływ na lotnictwo wojskowe, [The directions for the development of global navigation systems and their impact on military navigation ], Tajna Myśl Wojskowa no. 4/1999; Loty wojskowych statków powietrznych w przestrzeni kontrolowanej. Procedury podejścia do lądowania według ICAO [Military aircraft flights in control area. Approach procedures in compliance with ICAO], Przegląd Wojsk Lotniczych i Obrony Powietrznej no. 11/1999; Tendencje rozwojowe systemów łączności, nawigacji, kontroli ruchu lotniczego i ich wpływ na wykorzystanie przestrzeni powietrznej przez lotnictwo wojskowe [Development trends in communication, navigation and air traffic control management systems and their impact on the use of airspace by military aviation], Zeszyty Naukowe AON no. 1/2000; Pokładowy system antykolizyjny [A traffic collision avoidance system ], Przegląd Sił Powietrznych no. 04(064)/2013 (co-author Łukasz Lasek). The Polish system of theoretical and practical training of air traffic controllers required significant changes. It was related to the change in air traffic management system, with the role of military services limited to airport operations. Being in charge of the Department of Navigation and responsible for educating air traffic specialists and interceptor navigators I was assigned the task of developing the system of theoretical and practical training of military 7

8 personnel for air traffic services and air defense command posts. The system was to incorporate cadets - servicemen candidates, civilian students of air traffic management field of study as well as hundreds of military air traffic controllers in order to reach the level required to meet the requirements for civil certification. To perform this task it was necessary to establish the aviation training centre for air traffic services certified by President of the Civil Aviation Authority. It must be stressed, however, that until then there had only been one centre of his type subordinate to the Polish Air Traffic Agency and it only conducted air traffic controller training for its own needs. The establishment of the centre required a number of activities of analytical, conceptual and organizational nature. For this reason, the development of appropriate documents became a necessity. I developed Koncepcję funkcjonowania Ośrodka Szkolenia Lotniczego Służb Ruchu Lotniczego [The Concept of the Aviation Training Centre for Air Traffic Services], which granted a positive feedback of the specialists from the Polish Air Traffic Agency, the Command of Air Traffic Services of the Polish Armed Forces, the Civil Aviation Authority and was finally approved by the Commander of the Polish Air Force. I used the findings from my previous research and he following research papers proved extremely useful: Compa T., Grzegorzewski M., Wykorzystanie symulatorów i technik symulacyjnych w szkoleniu kontrolerów ruchu lotniczego [The use of simulators and simulation techniques in air traffic controller training], WSOSP, Dęblin 2004; Compa T., Grzegorzewski M., Implementacja europejskiej strategii zarządzania ruchem lotniczym. Wnioski do organizacji kształcenia kontrolerów ruchu lotniczego w WSOSP [The implementation of the European air traffic management strategy. Conclusions for the organization of air traffic controller training in the PAFA], WSOSP, Dęblin 2004 r. In accordance with the international standards defined by Annex 1 to the Chicago Convention, the Act on Aviation Law of 3 July with its enforcement documents, the education and training of air traffic controllers is composed of three stages. Preceded by theoretical training and hands-on simulator training, the courses end with an examination qualifying personnel to obtain Student Air Traffic Controller Licence and OJT (On the Job Training). To meet the requirements of the training, it was necessary to purchase a specialist simulator. For this reason I consider the development of the simulator project, the unique one in Europe, a huge success. Due to a limited budget for the simulator purchase and the needs for training airport controllers, precision approach and landing controllers as well forward air controllers (FAC), it was essential to purchase three simulators, particularly for the needs of Tactical Air Control Parties. The simulator for the FAC training became a priority due to the personnel preparation for the Iraqi and Afghan missions. I thought that it would be more advisable to develop an integrated simulation complex composed of three modules (Tower, Radar, FAC),which can operate independently or simultaneously, rather than to purchase three independent simulators at a high price and maintenance costs. The obvious advantage of this solution is full control over the an aircraft performing different kinds of tasks from starting the engines at the airport, flights to the task zone, task accomplishment and back to the airport. Another benefit of this alternative is the fact that the aircraft is under the constant surveillance of different services (complex training). The integrated simulator complex provides a simultaneous training of airport controllers, approach controllers, precision 8

9 approach controllers, forward air controllers as well as team control cooperation and many other tasks. I assumed that through the combination of 3 elements into one single complex, we would get the required simulator at a lower price and maintenance costs, still with a bigger operability. I also found that this simulator system should give the possibility of a bigger number of seats without the need for changes in the software and central processing unit. The project granted a positive feedback from specialists and was fully approved by the contractor. However, it faced some difficulties due to the fact that the contractor (a Canadian company CDS) had not done such a complex project before. I was the chairman of the committee for conducting quality tests which resulted in the rectification of malfunctions by the contractor. The implementation of the simulator system for training purposes required additional quality tests, as reflected in the research paper on: Adaptacja symulatora kontroli ruchu lotniczego do potrzeb szkoleniowych specjalistów lotniczych w WSOSP[The adjustment of air traffic simulator for the specialist training in the Polish Air Force Academy], (WSOSP 2009). It was necessary for the flight simulator training to develop lesson plans comprising the following aspects: the detailed description of military aviation tasks, level of training, difficulty grading, error correction and analysis, the possibility to interrupt a task at any stage and resume it. The development of integrated simulator complex and its implementation into the training as well as the provision of necessary documents and certified instructors met the formal requirements for the centre certification. In 2009 the aviation training centre for air traffic services was granted certification of President of the Civil Aviation Authority for conducting training in the area of airport control and approach control procedures. The training of forward air controllers, alongside with their preparation for the Iraqi and Afghan missions, became a priority for the armed forces. The decision to establish such a centre in the Polish Air Force Academy was taken by the Chief of the General Staff. Having been assigned this task I supervised the team that developed a document entitled: Koncepcja funkcjonowania Ośrodka Szkolenia Personelu Taktycznych Zespołów Kontroli Obszaru Powietrznego [The concept of the Tactical Air Control Party Training Centre] approved by The Chief of the General Staff. The head of the centre was made responsible for the task execution. This document used the results of a previous research project: Szkolenie Taktycznych Zespołów Kontroli Obszaru Powietrznego w oparciu o STANAG:3979, 3733, 3606, 6001,[The training of tactical air control parties in compliance with STANAG: 3979, 3733, 3606, 6001] I was the manager of. In 2009 I participated in the research whose primary goal was to evaluate the possibilities for civil defense assets use in times of war or war threat. Within the framework of the research: Zasoby obronne lotnictwa cywilnego [Civil defense assets], the research team drew up a full inventory of civil assets including airports, aircraft, flight personnel, ground devices, ground infrastructure of civil airports, the possibilities of aviation industry, specialized equipment at the disposal of private parties, and assessed the possibilities of their use in times of non-military crisis, war and war threat. The starting point of the research was the assumption that due to the nature of contemporary threats for the national security system, it is civil assets (airlines, companies, associations, private owners) that should make a bigger contribution to the process of counteracting these threats. However, the effective management of these assets requires resolving many issues related to planning and organization. The process of identification and inventory of civil defense assets gave an opportunity for the assessment of 9

10 their usefulness and possibilities for use in times of war and war threat. Another area of the research was the verification and revision of legal and economic regulations for keeping nonmilitary assets in the state of readiness. The research findings and conclusions were sent to the Minister of Transport and the Minister of Defense. I am fully convinced that we prepared extensive and reliable material that can be essential for the development of plans for civil assets use in times of war and non-military crisis, e.g. floods. The majority of the research I was the manager or co-author of, made their practical application for practical and theoretical training in the PAFA, the review and development of new academic fields and specializations as well as new syllabuses, normative documents and flight procedures. The monographs and academic textbooks (listed in Appendix) were used for educating flight specialists and national security specialists at different universities in Poland and Slovakia. A special attention should be paid to the following handbook: Podstawy nawigacji lotniczej [The fundamentals of navigation] (2012), the first handbook published after 30 years, which presents extensive material concerning the use of modern navigation systems, aircraft navigation methods with the use of satellite systems, Jeppensen charts, planning and programming flight routes and the use of navigational aids at all stages of flight. Regardless of these issues, it also contains the fundamentals of classical navigation. Assuming the post of the Head of the Department of Navigation affected my scientific interests. Undoubtedly, aviation still constitutes my main scope of interest but rather from the security perspective. So far I have been preoccupied with the issue of air traffic safety, air operations and navigation safety. My interest in the issue of air transport and ground airport infrastructure security is strictly connected with the research conducted by the Faculty of National Security and Logistics as well as the development of new fields and specializations for students. The research findings in area of aviation threats and air transport and ground infrastructure security, particularly critical infrastructure security have been published in a number of monographs and research papers: Terroryzm w lotnictwie [Air terrorism] (co-author) 2012.; Ochrona lotnictwa przed aktami bezprawnej ingerencji [Aviation security against acts of unlawful interference] (2012); Bezpieczeństwo operacji w portach lotniczych. Obsługa handlingowa [Airport operations safety. Handling services] (2013); Lotnictwo służb porządku publicznego [Enforcement services in aviation] (2011); Europejskie wymagania w zakresie operacji lotniczych [European requirements for flight operations], (2008); Problemy zarządzania ryzykiem w działalności lotniczej [Risk management in aviation](2007), Postępowanie organów ATS w sytuacji bezprawnej ingerencji na pokładzie statku powietrznego i zagrożenia wybuchem [The activities of ATS in case of unlawful interference on board and explosion threat] (2006). The issues raised in the above mentioned research papers and monographs concerned the assessment of possible threats to air transport resulting from terrorist activities, non-intentional man s activity, and focused on the ways of counteracting these threats and managing these threats. The research findings were presented at various conferences and published as scientific papers in monographs and periodicals (listed in Appendix). Some of them have also been published in foreign scholarly periodicals, among them The air policing operations over Baltic States. Current status and the future perspective of the mission, Technical University of Kossice and Search and Rescue Service in the Aeronautical Security System, Technical University of Kossice

11 Little research has been done into the issue of air transport and infrastructure security. On the basis of my academic achievements in the area of flight safety, I proceeded with further research in this area, the result of which is my post-doctoral dissertation entitled Bezpieczeństwo transportu lotniczego w systemie bezpieczeństwa narodowego [Air transport safety in the national security system]. I focused on two areas of research. The first one was operational safety, the other one aircraft operations security. In case of safety the main emphasis has been put on counteracting environmental threats, destructive non-intentional man s activity (human error) with the aim to minimize the losses and limit the risk. The second area was the issue of air transport and infrastructure protection against a terrorist threat and acts of unlawful interference. Taking such a wide area of research into account, it was necessary to introduce some research limits: (1) I limited my research to civil commercial aviation (cargo and passenger); (2) in the area of safety - I focused on airport operations; (3) in the area of security I made an analysis of the issues of legal, procedural and technical security of aircraft and some elements of airport infrastructure. With respect to the above mentioned limitations, I assumed that the system of flight safety and air transport with its basic infrastructure security, discussed within the country s national security system, will constitute the main area of my research. However, the primary goal of my research was to make a detailed analysis of air transport threats which may destabilize the country and to show the directions for the improvement of air transport security against terrorist and environmental threats. I assumed that the research in the area of air transport safety must be conducted in a wider context, namely in the area of air safety, which constitutes the country s national security system. Air transport accidents, particularly those of high death toll, may bring about a serious crisis in a country, spread over its borders, destabilize its political and economic situation leading in consequence even to a military crisis. The example of this are the events of 9/11, In the wake of the attacks, by invoking Art.5 of Washington Treaty the USA obliged NATO to undertake a joint operation against international terrorism and starting the war in Afghanistan where Al Qaeda camps were supposed to be located. As a result, I found it necessary to link the system of air transport safety with national and international security. The analysis of the problem in relation to flight safety shows that it can be dealt with in three significant areas (1) in the field of international and national law by its adjustment to contemporary threats both in safety and security areas; (2) in the field of safety management system by more emphasis being put on risk management and the role of human factor in it; (3) in the field of modern technology by the implementation of modern body scanners and other electronic devices for the surveillance of airport restricted areas. The starting point for undergoing this kind of research, with a clearly defined structure, was the formulation of the problem, incapable of being resolved on the basis of the current knowledge. In respect to this, the formulation of the research problem posed the following question: What kind of legal, technical and organizational measures are essential to keep the highest level of air transport security and provide a more effective use of the airspace and the required security level for passengers and cargo? In order to find the answer to the following question I divided the main problem into a number of detailed problems (questions) to facilitate this process. On the basis of the specified 11

12 aim of the research and the main research problem I formulated the detailed research problems as reflected in the questions below: 1) What is the impact of threats to air transport system on national security? 2) How big is the threat of terrorist attacks and acts of unlawful interference on air transport system? 3) Does the current international civil aviation security system allow for the effectiveness of counteracting air transport threats? 4) Does the policy and strategy for counteracting threats, adopted by the European Community, meet the expectations of passengers and entities involved in air operations? 5) Are the solutions towards air transport safety, adopted in Poland, fully compliant with the European ones and passengers expectations? 6) What is the state of preparation of rescue services in case of threats to aircraft operations safety? For research purposes, a preliminary hypothesis has been devised based on the assumption that: the current legal, organizational, technical and procedural measures do not guarantee an effective security of air transport system against the threats from terrorist groups which are making use of more and more sophisticated warfare. European measures in the area of aircraft and airport critical infrastructure security focus on airport security and the search for objects forbidden on board. No counterterrorism measures against other forms of terrorism have been developed yet, particularly against cyberterrorism, which can pose a bigger threat to aviation than explosives on board or aircraft hijacking. In the system of operational safety not enough attention is paid to the role of human factor, as opposed to a much bigger emphasis put on the implementation of new technologies which are not always adjusted to the current conditions. Modern technology should support man in task execution but should not replace him. On the basis of the main preliminary hypothesis, with the aim to systematize further research, I have isolated a few detailed auxiliary hypotheses, the verification of which would allow for a logical perception and keeping the continuity of a thought process for the verification of the main hypothesis. On the basis of the assumption that these detailed hypotheses should give the required answers, they have been devised as follows: 1. Air transport safety is a constituent of the country s safety. Any threats to air transport system may have a significant effect on the functioning of the country in terms of its internal and external relations. 2. It is generally assumed that the level of direct attack threat with the use of dangerous weapons is moderate; nevertheless, in the regions affected by military conflicts this level is perceived as high. Terrorist activities are characterized by the ability to use the latest technologies. Currently and in the nearest future it is cyberterrorism that will pose the biggest threat to aviation. 3. International legal system concerning civil aviation security against acts of unlawful interference and terrorism threat is not adjusted to the effective counteracting of the threats posed by Islamic global networks or other terrorist structures. The war on terror focused on the effects of terrorist activities, whereas the causes of the phenomenon have not been given enough attention. 12

13 4. Security control at European airports concentrates its efforts on the search for objects on board, not on the search for potential terrorists. In Europe too much attention is paid to technical devices and too little to terrorist profiling (behavioural screening). The lack of the global network of information exchange, in the passenger check-in system, concerning people suspected of terrorism or linked with terrorist organizations makes it difficult to identify potential terrorists and enables them to travel by air freely. 5. The operations of airport and rescue services, with regard to equipment and training, guarantee the effectiveness of counteracting aircraft threat. 6. The recruitment of private entities and assigning them tasks related to security control is compliant with the measures used in other European countries. However, these private entities are not fully prepared for the execution of these tasks, which contributes to a lower level of security. All forms of analysis and synthesis have largely been used in my research. Combined with analogy and both insulating and generalizing abstraction, they allowed respectively for a proper listing, comparing and opposing facts, combining and isolating cognition, opposing facts, distinguishing differences and similarities within the research subject and the systematization of research findings. In the course of research it was essential to apply both deductive and inductive reasoning. A valuable research method used for studying the regularity in the course of the process of security development was the comparison of certain present and future states, i.e. the socalled time horizon method. Conducting a survey to obtain valuable data on the practical functioning of the selected structures constituted another method of research. This research relied on the opinions of experts and scientists in the field of national security. The participation in numerous national and international conferences and the organization of my own conferences and symposiums gave the opportunity for the confrontation of my knowledge with the knowledge of specialists in the field of national security. The research findings have been incorporated into over a dozen monographs and papers (listed in Appendix). Another significant method of research was a direct observation made during air travel, observation of exercises organized by airport authorities, of airport security guards and handling agents. Thanks to a series of lectures delivered to airport workers I had the opportunity to participate in some practical and operational activities. The collected empirical material has been used for my post-doctoral dissertation. The research findings have been presented and analyzed at numerous national and international conferences, symposiums and seminars mainly in the Academy of National Defense, the Naval Academy, The State School of Higher Education in Chełm, University of Technology and Humanities in Radom, Silesian University of Technology, the Polish Air Force Academy, The Academy of Computer Science, Management and Administration, Technical University of Kossice, Air Force Institute of Technology and many others. The scope of my research and the data collected were incorporated into this monograph which is composed of six chapters, introduction, conclusion and bibliography. Each chapter ends with a summary which specifies the essence of the research process and is also an introduction to another chapter. 13

14 Introduction deals with some general presentation of safety issues, particularly the issue of flight safety. I attempted to explain basic differences between operational safety and air transport security, and defined methodology issues such as the aim, subject and scope of the research, as well as research problems, preliminary hypotheses and research methods. In Chapter One I presented the essence of contemporary security system, defined its concepts including the general concept of security based on the definitions available in other literary works, showed their discrepancies and similarities in order to arrive at my own definition of national security. The rest of the chapter has been devoted to the changing nature of security and the description of external factors which contributed to these changes. This gave the possibility to discuss further the changes of strategies and approaches towards Poland s security as the subject issue of international relations. Such a wide description was essential for understanding interdependences that generate the perception and a feeling of security in contemporary world and identifying not only potential threats but also the chances and challenges aviation services have to face in order to execute their tasks effectively in a national security system. The description of national security system aimed at showing its complexity with regard to its organizational and jurisdictional requirements. I also referred to defense issues and air force tasks for the sake of national security. A special attention has been paid to air safety as air traffic safety is its constituent. Air safety has not been sufficiently studied yet. My research focused on contemporary threats to air safety and the threat classification into traditional and new ones. Much emphasis has been put on legal measures towards airspace safety which constitutes our public good and the area of defense against potential external threats. Chapter Two deals with the issue of terrorism including air terrorism which is at the same time perceived as a social phenomenon and a political concept. Various definitions of terrorism have been analyzed in search of universal and specific features. Much attention has been paid to the environment for contemporary terrorism with the analysis of reasons, aims and modus operandi of terrorist groups. The assessment of terrorism threat has also been made with an emphasis put on the role of air force in combating air terrorism. Chapter Three presents the analysis results of international legal regulations (conventions, UN resolutions and ICAO documents) for counteracting acts of unlawful interference and air terrorism. I have analyzed the majority of legal acts currently in force and the result of this analysis shows their imperfection and a lack of law compliance with the current conditions. Chapter Four focuses on the analysis of UE policy and strategy in the area of civil aviation security against acts of unlawful interference. I assumed that European legal regulations towards counterterrorism are specific and more attention should be paid to them as Poland, a member of UE, is obliged to implement the measures adopted by the European Commission and the Council of the EU. The analysis of EU regulations and directives revealed that the European Union attaches great importance to security control that is only limited to the search for objects forbidden on board. Chapter Five is devoted to the issue of air transport security in Poland. Poland as a central European country might be less exposed to terrorist activities due to a small number of immigrants from Muslim countries. Poland s accession to counterterrorism coalition may lead to terrorist acts of retaliation in return for our engagement in this policy. The level of airport security control cannot be described as optimal. In the area of air transport security in Poland, 14

15 I emphasized the problems of legal and physical security of aircraft and airports and showed the role of various entities and state institutions responsible for civil aviation security against acts of unlawful interference. Due to the fact that such institutions are not well prepared to assess and manage risk threat at airports, I recommended two ways of dealing with this issue. The rest of the chapter focuses on the analysis of methods and devices used in security control system and physical security of airports. For the purpose of a comparative study, I also examined the measures adopted by other countries. Chapter Six deals with operational safety at airports and in the airspace. In this context, safety is referred to as the ability to recognize and prevent the occurrence of non-intentional threats, where human factor is, to some extent, limited. I examined a number of current theories of safety which allows for the determination of risk level and operational risk management. The rest of the chapter is devoted to the role of human factor for safety management system. I also provided an explanation for the occurrence of aviation accidents and incidents and the reasons for human errors. The activities of airport rescue services, particularly in relation to their possibilities of use, effectiveness in case of any mishap, coordination and cooperation with other external rescue services became the subject matter of the analysis. The definition of critical area and operational time with its components has become an important part of this chapter. I also raised an issue of air traffic management. Due to a very wide scope of this issue I only focused on the activities of airport services and airport traffic management. Risk assessment in aviation is an integral part of operational safety. For this reason, I thought it would be recommendable to develop an algorithm of risk assessment and the methods of risk mitigation. Maintaining high standards in aviation requires the implementation of surveillance programs over the activities of all aviation services. In view of these findings, it is advisable to present the methods of supervision and surveillance and the scope of the audits conducted. In the course of the research I assumed that civil aviation security system against acts of unlawful interference must be effective, particularly in case of insufficient knowledge about the perpetrator s activities and the time for the use of appropriate monitoring control measures, which would exclude the possibility of a critical mistake. Efficient, effective and properly adjusted technology is indispensable but still not sufficient for the proper level of security of aircraft and airport critical infrastructure. The research clearly shows that modern technologies are designed mainly for detecting objects forbidden on board. However, the use of this technology generates some problems and doubts resulting from physical properties of a detection method applied, with its strengths and weaknesses. I also assumed that these new technologies raise emotions and protests among passengers, e.g. the use of human body scanners. These technologies have certain limitations due to physical properties of the phenomena used for threat detecting. Terrorists quickly discovered the drawbacks of these devices and found effective methods of cheating them. With reference to the activities of security services from outside Europe, it is clearly visible that much attention is paid to behavioural screening of potential terrorists, on the basis of which suspicious passengers are examined more carefully either with the use of proper devices or through body search. In Europe security control procedures are designed for the search of forbidden objects, whereas in the USA or Israel it is terrorists that are searched for, 15

16 with the help of specialists in the field of behavioural screening or with the use of state-of-theart equipment. Behavioural screening is conducted at every stage of security control which can be referred to as multilayered or polycyclic. In accordance with the amended act on aviation law, private entities have been recruited for securing airports and given tasks previously performed by public services. The research clearly shows that the transition period for the implementation of these changes proved too short and private entities - tender winners were incapable of providing the appropriate training to their workers to guarantee an effective level of security provision. This is also reinforced by the fact that such entities do not have their own training facilities. In the course of the research I found that in Europe we can observe trends for the privatization of security system, whereas in the USA in the wake of 9/11 attacks the opposite trends are noticeable, i.e. the tasks connected with security control, access control and facility control are assigned to public servants. By contrast, in Europe including Poland, these aspects of security are dealt with by private companies. Low salaries and a shortage of highly qualified personnel cause big labour flow, which does not have a positive influence on the level of airport security. In conclusion, the state is unwilling to involve itself in air transport security. While flight safety may remain the responsibility of the organizations which act as commercial law companies under the governmental control, aviation security should be provided by public services. The analysis of legal regulations concerning counterterrorism and acts of unlawful interference shows the weakness of law. International community has adopted a series of legal acts which allow for combating such activities, however it proved rather ineffective. A number of conventions on terrorism has been passed and adopted but a single, universally binding convention on counterterrorism has not been adopted yet. The conventions define the phenomenon of terrorism in different ways. Their common feature is that they treat acts of terror as criminal acts, regardless of their political, social, religious or ideological connotations. It can be assumed that the present international counterterrorism law constitutes a sufficient formal basis for international cooperation whose primary goal is to chase the perpetrators of the most dangerous acts of terror. The drawback of this law is low effectiveness, resulting mainly from the fact that some countries tolerate or even give support to terrorist groups. There are many entities which provide Polish airports with their services, their number depending on the number of flight operations as well as passengers and cargo. The liberalization of the regulations concerning airport ground services was introduced to increase competitiveness by lowering the fees paid by airline carriers. The introduction of the system of registered agents and recognized providers given authorization for security control of their own supplies and mail poses a threat of dangerous objects being carried on board among these supplies. While airport security services are allowed to examine the supplies it is, however not done on a regular basis as they trust recognized providers. Assuming that if a terrorist organization wanted to carry explosives or weapons on board it would be sufficient to employ a person linked to the organization at a registered agency and then place these dangerous objects inside supply containers which are subsequently carried on board. On the basis of the research findings, I concluded that a number of systemic solutions should be introduced in order to counteract terrorist threats in aviation. They would aim to (1) 16

17 give a real-time access for air transport security services to databases containing information about members and supporters of terrorist organizations; (2) take over security control by public services, like in the USA; (3) introduce security printed documents to prevent forgery; (4) include biometric data into passports and other ID documents; (5) develop a system of aircraft security composed of several dozen rings which would make a terrorist attack more difficult; (6) employ specialists in the field of behavioural screening who should also act as public servants; (7) identify potential terrorists right from a ticket purchase to boarding a plane; (8) perform security control of all cargo, mail and other supplies by public servants licensed as policemen; (9) replace magnetic gates with body scanners which would make it possible to detect all objects hidden under clothing and develop procedures for their use with the concern for human dignity; (10) adopt a single universally binding convention on counterterrorism and acts of unlawful interference by international community, which would replace the Tokyo/Hague/Montreal and other regional conventions with one international legal act; (11) define all acts, methods and modus operandi of terrorists as criminal acts regardless of where and by whom they were committed; (12) implement single cohesive procedures in case of terrorist threats at an airport. The research in the area of safety shows that human and organizational errors are the most common causes of aviation accidents. In the past little attention was paid to the role of human factor in the system of flight safety. A number of factors has a negative influence on flight safety, among them a lack of communication and cooperation between people caused by incompatibility of crew members, air traffic controllers and other operational personnel to execute the task assigned as well as psychological incompatibility. This is confirmed by the findings of a grant research project conducted in the PAFA entitled: Analiza stanowisk pracy pilota i nawigatora jako podstawa doboru treści kształcenia, szkolenia i doskonalenia zawodowego w lotniczej uczelni [The specification of pilot and navigator work places as the basis for educational and training curriculum content in an air force academy] (project no.: ON ). My participation in the project makes a contribution to the area of cooperation between aircrews and flight support ground personnel. The conclusions obtained have already been applied for the development of educational and training programs in the field of crew resource management (CRM). The research findings in the area of safety show that the same systemic approach is required both for flight safety and ground operations safety. The program of incident and accident prevention should comprise all the elements of safety management system (threat and incident reporting, the existence of safety committees, risk management processes, investigation of accidents and incidents, safety control, etc.). The success of safety management system depends on a good working relationship between different airport users and the head of flight safety. Flight safety should be treated as an element of air safety, which is a constituent of the national security system. In the area of air safety, the state aims to create conditions for the use of airspace in accordance with national will and national interest, prevent any interferences of this space by unauthorized aircraft, react to any acts of violence, and manage space resources so that a safe and optimal aircraft flow could be provided. In-depth analysis of the knowledge about various aspects of flight safety enabled me to identify the areas which until now had only been dealt with in a selective and limited way. In 17

18 this respect, the study of the issues of air transport safety can be regarded as a significant step for the development of this science. With reference to this post-doctoral dissertation, I am aware that the issues discussed, due to their extensive and interdisciplinary approach, in particular the fast pace of change, need to undergo subsequent stages of scientific research. In the cognitive context, this monograph: shows directions for improvement of flight safety and air transport security; reviews the terminology and the concepts connected with air safety, flight safety and aviation security; shows the weakness of law in the area of counteracting air terrorism; shows a lack of systemic solutions towards air transport security against threats; In the utilitarian context, this monograph: presents possible areas for remedial measures in flight safety system, particularly in the area of security; suggests the implementation of scientific methods for the assessment of airport security threats, on the basis of verified theories; puts forward an idea of introducing procedures for threat identification based on the analysis of potential threats and critical control points, that is places where these threats must be controlled. 5. Other achievements Since I obtained PhD degree in 1996 I have been the author or co-author of 20 monographs and academic textbooks (listed in Appendix). I have participated in two grant research projects funded by the State Committee for Scientific Research and The National Centre for Research and Development and managed four scientific and research projects for the Military Centre for Standardization, Quality and Codification. I have also been the author or co-author of 14 defense standards (listed in Appendix). Within the framework of statutory research I have participated in 35 research projects (listed in Appendix). I have been the author or co-author of 50 scientific papers published in national or international periodicals and monographs (listed in Appendix). I have been the speaker at several dozen thematic national and international conferences and seminars. Teaching activity Academic teaching constitutes a significant part of my work. Until now I have given over 7000 hours of lectures and classes for the students of the PAFA, Academy of National Defense and the State School of Higher Education where I have supervised 21 master s degree students and 37 bachelor s degree students in total. Currently I am conducting seminars for 15 undergraduate students and 8 graduate students. Following the resolution passed by the National Security Faculty Council of the Academy of National Defense I am also an auxiliary supervisor of Alojzy Pilch, MSc. and his doctoral dissertation entitled Udział lotnictwa ultralekkiego w zapewnieniu bezpieczeństwa państwa [The contribution of ultra light aviation to national security]. 18

19 From 2001 to 2008 I gave lectures for part-time students at the Faculty of Aviation and Air Defense of Academy of National Defense in Rembertów (civil-law contract). From 1 October 2010 to 30 September 2011 I gave lectures and classes in the field of navigation and air traffic safety in the State School of Higher Education in Chełm (my second position), where I supervised six bachelor s degree students. I am a theoretical training instructor certified by The Civil Aviation Authority, which qualifies me to give lectures in certified aviation training centres. Until now I have delivered lectures on aviation regulations, navigation, radio navigation and safety management in aviation on courses for pilots (license PPL, CPL, ATPL) in the following institutions: Aviation Training Centre of the State School of Higher Education in Chełm (from 2010 to 2011); Aviation Training Centre IBEX in Warsaw (2009); Academic Centre for Aviation Training in Dęblin since 2012; Aviation Training Centre of Aeroclub in Dęblin from 2007 to Since 2010 I have been delivering lectures for airport personnel at the Aerodrome Services Training Centre of Polish Airports State Enterprise in Warsaw. I also give lectures on courses for air traffic controllers at Aviation Training Centre for Air Traffic Services of the PAFA in the subject of aviation safety management and air traffic flow management. Apart from my scientific, teaching and publishing activities I have been the reviewer of master s and bachelor s theses with a total number of a few dozen including six scientificresearch theses. I have reviewed three textbooks (listed in Appendix) and 12 scientific papers published as monographs. I review papers published in Zeszyty Naukowe WSOSP (24 papers in total) on a regular basis and in Acta Avionica (2 reviews) and I have participated in the preparation of five monographs (listed in Appendix). Another significant area of my scientific and organizational activity is the participation in the supreme academic body. I have been a member of the Senate for four terms and I am a member of two commissions in the present term. From 2004 to 2010 I was a member of the Aviation Faculty Council of the PAFA, and since 2011 I have been the Head of National Security and Logistics Faculty Council. From 2012 to 2013 I was a member of the Aviation Faculty Council of Technical University of Kossice. From 2006 to 2010 I was a member of Military Standardization Committee of the Polish Air Force HQ. A significant place in my professional career is given to military service. From 1980 to 1988 I served as navigator in 23 rd Air Training Squadron incorporated into the Polish Air Force Academy. My flight record is 1408 hours, including 195 flight instructor hours on TS- 11 Iskra, An-2 and Ił-14. Organizational activity From 2007 to 2009 I was engaged in organizing and preparing Aviation Training Centre for Air Traffic Services for certification. In 2010, by the Decision No. 361/MON of the Minister of National Defense of 23 September 2010 on structural transformation of the Polish 19

20 Air Force Academy, the Faculty of National Security and Logistics was established. I was made responsible for the organizational process and later appointed the Dean of the Faculty. The program of graduate studies in the field of national security and undergraduate studies in the field of logistics has been developed and new specializations including airport safety and security, flight safety management, people and property protection, crisis management, aircraft ground handling, military logistics have become a part of the educational offer. Also, postgraduate studies in the field of airport security and airport management have been launched. In parametric assessment of scientific institutions, the faculty has obtained a B category, which I consider a success. I have also organised a number of conferences and symposiums at the PAFA (listed in Appendix). From 2007 to 2010 I was the chief editor of the periodical "Zeszyty Naukowe", and since 2011 I have been the editor of the section of security studies. Since 2013 I have also been a member of the scientific committee of Acta Avionica of the Technical University in Kossice. I would like to emphasize that my scientific and teaching activity is devoted to the area of social science, namely security studies. The research conducted was mostly related to flight safety. In the course of my 35 years of military service I have achieved my superiors recognition which resulted in subsequent promotions and distinctions. For my educational, scientific, editorial and organizational activities I have been awarded by the Rector-Commandant of the Polish Air Force Academy on numerous occasions. In 2012 I was awarded the Rector s Award for Academic Merit for my scientific, educational and organizational achievements. I have also been awarded Medal of the Commission of National Education. My military awards and decorations include Bronze and Silver Cross of Merit, Air Force Cross of Merit, Medal of National Service, Bronze, Silver and Gold Medal of Merit for National Defense, Armed Forces Bronze, Silver and Gold Medal of Merit for National Service. Appendix list of selected scientific achievements Correspondence address Tadeusz Compa ul. Ostrowskiego Puławy tel tel. służbowy:

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