Comprehensive Risk Mitigation and Disaster Recovery Plan

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1 Comprehensive Risk Mitigation and Disaster Recovery Plan For Maine Businesses Photo Courtesy of: Allison Voisine and SJV Communications May Day Flood of 28 Main Street, Fort Kent

2 Table of Contents Executive Summary... 4 Introduction... 5 Planning Process... 6 Chapter 1 Data Gathering Demographic and Resource Profiles Climate Geography Sea-Level Rise Study Area Economic Highlights Aroostook County Knox County Lincoln County Penobscot County Piscataquis County Somerset County Waldo County Businesses in the Study Area Natural Hazard Events in the Study Area Chapter 2 - Ranking and Prioritizing Identifying Hazards Floods (a) Profiling Flooding & Related Hazard Events (b) Understanding Flood Areas (c) Determining the Risk Aroostook County Penobscot County Somerset County Knox and Waldo County Androscoggin County Past Historical Flooding Events Flooding Due to Dam Failures Earthquakes Severe Winter Storms Severe Summer Storms Hurricanes Wildfire & Urban Fire Tornadoes Erosion/Coastal Erosion Landslide Comprehensive Risk Mitigation and Disaster Recovery Plan Page 2

3 2.12 Assigning Risk Rank & Prioritize Chapter 3 - Economic Impact Impact on Communities and Businesses Chapter 4 Risk Management Chapter 5 - Risk Mitigation Prepare Your Business for Disaster Protect Your Business from Natural Disaster Protect Business Records and Inventory Chapter 6 Business Impact Analysis Business Impact Analysis Risk Assessment Disaster Mitigation Identifying Mission Critical Function Outage Impact Analysis Establishing Priorities Testing your IT System Vital Records and Records Disaster Mitigation and Recovery Steps Chapter 7 Business Continuity Chapter 8 Disaster Recovery Backup Level Restoration Level Recovery Level... 8 Chapter 9 Disaster Aid Appendices: Appendix A Business Continuity Plan Appendix B Risk Assessment Guidelines Appendix C Disaster Recovery Plan Appendix D Self Assessment Appendix E Listing of Dams in Study Area Appendix F Business Assessment Questionnaire- Survey Results Comprehensive Risk Mitigation and Disaster Recovery Plan Page 3

4 Executive Summary The Comprehensive Risk Mitigation and Disaster Recovery Plan for Maine businesses is a useful tool to help prepare against natural hazard events experienced throughout the state. As the report will show, natural hazard events occur each year costing millions of dollars and taking its toll on all large and small businesses. The May Day Flood of 28 affected seven of the state s sixteen counties and resulted in tremendous property damage. A 16- unit elderly housing facility located at the confluence of the St. John and Fish Rivers in Fort Kent was completely destroyed. The impact on elderly individuals residing at the facility was profound; not only had they lost all of their belongings, but they were virtually homeless. While it may not be possible to prevent property damage due to major flooding events in the future, this plan can help businesses minimize damage and prevent loss of life. Hazard mitigation planning is critical. Recognizing warning signals can dramatically reduce damage and destruction by certain natural hazard events. Additionally, protecting vital records by backing up important data and locating the data off-site will help to prevent the loss of essential business records. This strategy will help in returning to normal business operations more quickly. For example, business owners/managers, responding to a survey, listed power failure as the most critical impact that could disrupt their business. This risk could be minimized with the purchase of a generator. You will find business continuity planning strategies in Chapter 7 and steps that can help in disaster recovery in Chapter 8 of this plan. Business Continuity and Disaster Recovery Plan templates are located in Appendix A and Appendix C in the back of this plan. Business owners and managers are urged to fill in the template in accordance with their business needs and have it available in a location that is readily available. The plans should be reviewed and updated annually. It is also important that each employee is aware of its location in case of emergencies. Comprehensive Risk Mitigation and Disaster Recovery Plan Page 4

5 Introduction The May Day Flood of 28 affected many residential and commercial properties throughout seven counties in Maine. In September, 29, the Northern Maine Development Commission (NMDC), as the lead organization for a consortium of Economic Development Districts (EDD) received funding to implement a risk mitigation and disaster recovery plan. NMDC, located in Caribou in Central Aroostook County, partnered with Androscoggin Valley Council of Governments (AVCOG) in Auburn for assessment of Lincoln County; Eastern Maine Development Corporation (EMDC) in Bangor for Penobscot, Piscataquis, Knox and Waldo Counties; and Kennebec Valley Council of Governments (KVCOG) in Fairfield for Somerset County. Though the project focuses on the seven counties listed in FEMA Disaster Declaration Number 1755, the intent is to create a coherent preparedness and business continuity model that could be replicated in all regions of Maine. The Comprehensive Risk Mitigation and Disaster Recovery Plan for Maine Businesses proposal covered eight elements as follows: 1. Data Gathering 2. Rank and Prioritize Economic and Business Impacts associated with risks 3. Prepare Risk Management Model 4. Plan for Infrastructure Investments, Business/Employer Training, and Business Continuity 5. Develop a Disaster Response Plan 6. Develop Printed and on-line disaster response and recovery training and informational materials 7. Form Steering Committee with EDDs and 8. Prepare a Comprehensive Risk Mitigation and Disaster Recovery Plan To begin to understand the type and severity of natural or man-made hazards that could impact Maine businesses, a review and analysis of past events is essential. Information gathered through a variety of sources, such as the State of Maine Hazard Mitigation Plan, individual county plans, FEMA Disaster Declarations, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration data on climates, and State Planning Office were utilized to study patterns of natural hazards and to offer probabilities of occurrences in the future. A study of monitoring and emergency warning plan and procedures for dam failures in individual communities were also reviewed carefully to determine the conditions and affects of dams and their potential impacts on communities and businesses. Comprehensive Risk Mitigation and Disaster Recovery Plan Page 5

6 Planning Process Planning Team Members included the following individuals Andrew George Heather Carey Gail Chase Barbara Fortier Terry Stevens Joella R. Theriault Alain Ouellette Michael Eisensmith Denis Berube Connie Bondeson Jay Kamm Kenneth Murchison Rodney Thompson Brian Longstaff Eastern Maine Development Corporation Kennebec Valley Council of Governments Kennebec Valley Council of Governments Androscoggin Valley Council of Governments DECD Office of Community Development Northern Maine Development Commission Northern Maine Development Commission Northern Maine Development Commission Northern Maine Development Commission Northern Maine Development Commission Northern Maine Development Commission Northern Maine Development Commission Northern Maine Development Commission Northern Maine Development Commission NMDC developed a work plan and time schedule in order to obtain information from the various regions throughout the State of Maine. The first task included data gathering. Each region obtained pertinent information from their respective areas regarding natural hazards, and more particularly data of past flooding events. A survey questionnaire containing relevant queries on individual business size, longevity, and location to potential hazards provided results that helped the planning members determine the extent of risk associated with each business. The survey also provided results that clearly indicated that a majority of businesses are not prepared for risk associated with natural hazards. Complete results of the survey can be found in Appendix F. The Maine State Hazard Mitigation Plan provided a great deal of information throughout this planning process. Each of the 16 counties in Maine has an approved Hazard Mitigation Plan, as well as many of the individual communities within the counties; 435 of the 49 communities to be exact. Most plans approved during the year will require revisions in 21 and 211. In addition to the local and state hazard mitigation plans, all 7 campuses of the University of Maine System have mitigation plans. Each regional representative researched the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration s Climate Division s website to develop a table of frequency and impact of all natural hazards in the State of Maine since January, 195. From this information, the team developed a prioritization of natural hazards that could affect the various regions. For example, coastal flooding in Knox County would not have a high priority in Aroostook County. The intent of prioritizing each natural hazard is to make businesses aware of their surroundings and the potential for the hazards that could affect them. Comprehensive Risk Mitigation and Disaster Recovery Plan Page 6

7 The one-year planning process provided this planning group with the necessary data to better prepare businesses against the loss of property and life. The increase of public awareness towards natural hazards will hopefully bring about knowledge and understanding of the risks involved and methods on how to reduce these risks. The following chapters contain crucial information for businesses in assessing certain risks, mitigating the risk, and in severe cases resources to recover from natural hazards. The Comprehensive Risk Mitigation and Disaster Recovery Plan is divided into sections that will provide the reader with past historical events, potential impact to businesses, and ways in which a business can implement protection safeguards. Sample Business Continuity Plans and Disaster Recovery Plans are included in fillable forms that can be tailored to individual business. Comprehensive Risk Mitigation and Disaster Recovery Plan Page 7

8 Chapter 1 Data Gathering 1.1 Demographic and Resource Profiles According to 2 U.S. Census information, Maine has the third largest population of the six New England States. While two thirds of the population is clustered in the southern counties of the State, the remaining one third is scattered throughout the northern and western counties. A study of the 2 population figures versus a estimate shows that overall Maine population has increased by approximately 3.15%. Table 1 shows the distribution of the population among the 16 counties of the state. Table 1. Population 2-28 County % Change in U.S. Census Population U.S. Census Estimates Population Androscoggin 13,793 16, % Aroostook 73,938 71, % Cumberland 265, ,1 3.54% Franklin 29,467 29, % Hancock 51,791 53, % Kennebec 117,114 12, % Knox 39,618 4, % Lincoln 33,616 34, % Oxford 54,755 56, % Penobscot 144, , % Piscataquis 17,235 17,1 -.78% Sagadahoc 35,214 36, % Somerset 5,888 51, % Waldo 36,28 38, % Washington 33,941 32, % York 186,742 21, % Total 1,274,923 1,315, % Source: 2 U.S. Census Statistics also show that Maine s population is older than the national average, a trend that is likely to continue into the next decade. Penobscot and Androscoggin Counties have the lowest median age in the state at 37.2 and Piscataquis County has the highest median age at It is reasonable that Penobscot and Androscoggin Counties would have the lowest median age since Androscoggin County hosts two of Maine s largest cities, Lewiston and Auburn. In Penobscot County, the City of Bangor is home to many businesses and cultural centers and the Town of Orono is home to the main campus of the University of Maine. Piscataquis County has the lowest population of all counties in Maine. Mount Katahdin, in Baxter State Park, is located in this county. Comprehensive Risk Mitigation and Disaster Recovery Plan Page 8

9 1.2 Climate As identified by the U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Maine has three climate division boundaries. They are described as 1 Northern; 2- Southern Interior; and 3 Coastal. In the northern section, climates can reach a maximum of 96 to 99 F and a minimum temperature of -32 to -41 F. The southern interior section averages a maximum temperature of 12 F and a minimum of -23 F. In the coastal section, maximum temperatures of 14 F can be reached with minimum temperatures averaging approximately -19 F. The map outlines the boundaries for each section. Aroostook County is located entirely in the northernmost of Maine s three climatic divisions. Average annual temperature is about 41 F. Temperatures average about 64 F in July and August and about 18 F in January and February. Most of Piscataquis and Somerset Counties are primarily located in the northernmost division as well, with the southern part of the Counties located in the middle climatic division. The average annual temperature for the southern interior district is 49 F. Temperatures average approximately 74 F in July and August and approximately 23 F in January and February. Lincoln and Knox Counties are located entirely in the coastal section of the climatic division. Knox County climate has a definite influence on occurrences and severity of natural hazards. Winter temperatures range on average from 1 to 29 F. The warmest month is July with an average of 76.2 F. Waldo County is also divided with the northern part of the county located in the southern interior and the lower part in the coastal section. Climate division data provides benchmarks used to monitor and assess long-term changes. Statewide, the warmest month is July and the coldest is January. But viewed seasonally, monthly average high and low temperatures from south to north vary considerably. In the summer, the southern interior division is warmer than both the northern and coastal divisions. If global temperatures continue to rise, increases in the number and severity of storms, floods, droughts, and other weather extremes, will have serious impacts on the environment and on society. Societies that are unable to deal with these extreme events will experience more disasters. Climate also encompasses prevailing winds and precipitation. In Aroostook County, the average amount of precipitation, based on long-term records dating back to 1895, is 42.6 inches. This includes the conversion of all snowfall to a water equivalent. Average monthly precipitation is between three and four inches, with November being the wettest month, and February being the driest month. Most of Aroostook County is under northwest to Comprehensive Risk Mitigation and Disaster Recovery Plan Page 9

10 west-northwest winds throughout much of the year and particularly during the winter. During the summer, southwest to southerly winds are more frequent. In Somerset County, the average precipitation is 38.9 inches per year, which is a combination of all snowfall and rainfall. The prevailing wind across most of New England has a westerly component, while southeast winds are least common region-wide. However, winds can, and do, come from all directions on the compass. The highest monthly precipitation in Knox County is 5.37 in November and the lowest is 2.91 in August. In the summer, southwest to southerly winds become quite prevalent. Southerly winds prevail along the Mid-Coast during the summer months due to the frequent formation of sea breezes. In Lincoln County, precipitation, including both snowfall and rainfall is annually. Prevailing winds are generally from the Southwest in the summer months and usually not more than 15-2 knots. In the winter months winds will generally come from the north. While rainfall in Maine is generally distributed evenly throughout the year, about 3-4 a month on average, a review of Maine s most damaging floods show that most major floods occur in late winter and early spring. The three climate divisions also have local weather observation stations that measure precipitation on an hourly, daily, and monthly basis. There are 8 stations in the northern climate division; 81 stations in the southern interior; and 48 stations in the coastal region. In February, 29, the University of Maine, and the Climate Change Institute, published Maine s Climate Future: An Initial Assessment. The study of climatic changes in Maine analyzed the effects of climate change. It takes into account past climate changes, recent evidence of accelerated rates of change, and the implications of continued climate changes in Maine as a result of greenhouse gas emissions. The study predicts that there will be a strong trend in Maine toward warmer and wetter conditions. The greatest increases in both temperature and precipitation will occur in the north, and the least increase along the coast. Warming trends imply a shift in the regional hydrology from a snowmelt-dominated region (in the Northern and Southern Interior climate divisions) to one that shows significant runoff during winter months. 1.3 Geography Overall, the terrain across much of the State of Maine is hilly. Elevations range from sea level at the coast of the Gulf of Maine to over 5, feet in the central mountains. Mt. Katahdin, located within Baxter State Park, is the highest point in Maine. Its peak is at an elevation of 5,268 feet, or about 4,5 feet above its base. Elevations in the southeastern part of the State are generally below 5 feet. Maine s landscape is a direct result of glacial erosion and deposition from the large ice sheets that completely covered the State. Glacial deposits provide a rich variety in the overall landscape and abundant sand and gravel for construction material. Many of these deposits are good sources of ground water, or aquifer, for water supplies to households and businesses. These glacial deposits are also responsible for the many lakes found in the State. Comprehensive Risk Mitigation and Disaster Recovery Plan Page 1

11 The 4, or more miles of coastline in Maine encompasses a wide range of ecosystem types, from salt marshes and sandy beaches to steep cliffs and mountains, to numerous bays, inlets, harbors and estuaries. The coastal zone is also home to the majority of Maine s population and attracts the majority of tourists. Aroostook County s area is 6,672 square miles, which is 21.6% of the State s overall area. The County is 89% forested, 1% lakes, ponds, and rivers, and 1% farmland. It is also the home of the Allagash Wilderness Waterway. Lincoln County is located in the midcoast region of coastal Maine. This area is made up of a series of narrow, rocky peninsulas jutting out into the Gulf of Maine. Lincoln County s land area covers 456 square miles, with 244 square miles of water, for a total area of 7 square miles. It also contains over 45 miles of rugged coastline and six rivers. Elevations in the region vary from sea level to over 4 feet above sea level at some of the summits. The northern and western portions of Somerset County are heavily populated with mountains such as Mount Bigelow and Squaw. The region is heavily forested. It also is the starting point for three major rivers: the Kennebec, Penobscot, and St. John Rivers. Other major rivers that flow through this county are the Dead, Carrabassett, and Sandy Rivers. Winding through the low typing communities and road systems of Western Somerset, these rivers pose a significant concern for flooding with spring runoff and ice jams. Waldo County s area is 73 square miles of which 85.6% is land and 14.4% is water. The County s scenic beauty combined with the rugged Maine coastline with its lush forests and farmlands yield harvest both cultivated and wild. There are three major rivers located along the border of Waldo County the Penobscot, Sebasticook, and Passagasswakeg Rivers. There are approximately 5,18 miles of rivers and streams in Penobscot County, the 4 th largest county in Maine. The Penobscot River is the largest river in Maine with a drainage area of more than 7,5 miles. Maine s highest mountain, Mount Katahdin and largest lake, Moosehead Lake are located is Piscataquis County. The County is the largest county east of Mississippi at 3,966 square miles. The scenic mountain ranges and vast forested wilderness offers a variety of accommodation and activities for vacationers. Baxter State Park is the largest state park in New England. 1.4 Sea-Level Rise The current rate of sea-level rise is accelerating from half a foot in the last century to a predicted two-foot rise or more by 21. Rising sea levels will make all storms more damaging, and some climatologist predict that severe storms will occur more frequently. Accelerated sea-level rise poses threats to coastal wetlands, which provide flood protection and habitat for birds and fish. Almost all of Maine s developed beaches are at risk of Comprehensive Risk Mitigation and Disaster Recovery Plan Page 11

12 damage from a large storm that comes at the same time as an astronomically high tide, as was the case during the 27 Patriot s Day Storm. Over the next decade, a 1-year flood could occur every two to three years in the Northeast. Warming ocean temperatures could increase the frequency and intensity of hurricanes. Nineteen hurricanes have made landfall in the Northeast since 185; six occurred during the period between 1935 and 196. If the region were to experience a similar period of activity today, it would result in about $55 billion damage. According to the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), in southern Maine, a 1 rise in sea-level will make all storms more damaging with serious economic and ecosystem consequences to the region. In York County alone, over 26 businesses representing $41.6 million in wages are at risk from coastal flooding and the resulting property destruction and higher insurance costs. This presents challenges to cod and lobster fisheries. Fishermen have already noticed significant changes in the lobster fishery, such as altered growth and migration behavior. Changes in the lobster fishery have serious implications for Maine s coastal communities where thousands of licensed lobstermen and women support numerous related industries such as boatbuilding, lobster trap production, and bait distribution and transportation. Table 2 below provides the number of people employed in the fishing and boating industry in the counties of Knox and Lincoln that could potentially be affected by climate changes. Table 2. Number of Fishing & Boating Industry Businesses Employees Knox County Boat Builders Boat Dealers Boat Rentals 2 Boat Repairs & Storage Fish Dealers Fish Gear-Distributors 2 Fish & Seafood-Retail 2 Fish & Seafood-Wholesale Subtotal Lincoln County Boat Builders Boat Dealers 5 1 Boat Marinas & Yachts 1 Boat Rental 2 Boat Repairs & Storage Fish Dealers 9 Fish Gear-Distributors 2 Fish Hatcheries 1 Fish & Seafood-Retail 1 Fish & Seafood-Wholesale 6 1 Fish Products-Manufacturer 1 Subtotal Total Source: Tower Publishing Currently the fishing industry employs between 23 and 487 people directly involved in fish products, dealers, gear, hatcheries, etc. with an additional people employed in boat building, repairs and storage, rentals, and boat dealers. Comprehensive Risk Mitigation and Disaster Recovery Plan Page 12

13 1.5 Study Area A brief description of the seven counties involved in the study area follows: 1. Aroostook County: Aroostook is Maine s northernmost county, known as The County and is the State s largest. It was established in 1839, in the midst of the dispute known as the Aroostook War. Famed for its potato growing, the County s premiere crop has declined steadily as has its population. Aroostook County has 67 cities, towns, and townships. It has a land area of 6,672 square miles and a population of 73, Knox County: Knox County was the last county to be incorporated. It was incorporated in 186. It is located in mid-coast Maine and is a popular summer destination. Shipbuilding, lime processing, granite quarrying, commercial fishing, and lobstering are the County s main industries. There are 18 cities, towns, and townships in Knox County. 3. Lincoln County: Incorporated in 176, Lincoln County is a coastal county with 451 miles of coastline. Commercial fishing, lobstering, boat building, and other coastal activities account for a part of Lincoln s economic base. It has 19 cities, towns, and townships and has a population of 33, Penobscot County: The Penobscot River, Maine s longest river, runs through this County. Penobscot is one of Maine s largest counties covering over 3,25 square miles. Bangor is home to many businesses and cultural centers, including the Maine Shakespeare Festival. Also, Orono is home to the main campus of the University of Maine. It has a population of 144,919 and 6 cities, towns, and townships. 5. Piscataquis County was incorporated in 1838 and encompasses 3,78 square miles. This county is land-locked and geographically located in the center of Maine. Major features of the county are the 24,733 acre Baxter State Park, home of Mount Katahdin, and Moosehead Lake, Maine s largest lake. Mt. Katahdin, at 5,268, is the northern terminus of the Appalachian Trail. Slate mining and crafting is and continues to be a strong industry in Piscataquis County. 6. Somerset County is centrally located in Maine and was incorporated in 189. It is approximately 9 minutes from the Canadian city of Quebec. Somerset County is one of the top maple syrup producing counties in the United States. The confluence of the Dead River and the Kennebec River in a town called, The Forks, is a popular spot for whitewater rafting. There are 33 cities, towns, plantations and townships in Somerset County. 7. Waldo County sits in what is commonly called mid-coast Maine along Penobscot Bay. The County is known for both its coastal views as well as its mountain vistas. Waldo County was incorporated in 1827 and currently has 26 cities, towns, and townships. Comprehensive Risk Mitigation and Disaster Recovery Plan Page 13

14 1.6 Economic Highlights Comprehensive Risk Mitigation and Disaster Recovery Plan Page 14

15 1.6.1 Aroostook County The following is a summary of Aroostook County s economy taken from the 23 Aroostook County Economic Cluster Report prepared for the Northern Maine Development Commission. Forest Products: The forest products industry employs 3,5 workers in Aroostook County in timber harvesting, lumbering, paper mills, biomass energy production, trucking, railroad transport, equipment supplies and chemical supplies. These workers are part of a larger New England/Canadian forest industry cluster, the largest in the region. For a variety of reasons, the industry is at a down point in its economic cycle. The longer the down cycle lasts, the more business shrink and in some cases close. The causes of the paper industry s troubles are weak overall demand and international competition. Agriculture: Agricultural businesses employ 3, Aroostook residents on farms, in equipment and chemical supplies, in wholesaling and transportation, in food processing and the like. About three quarters of the production is potatoes. The rest is vegetables and grains such as broccoli and oats, and livestock such as beef and poultry. Tourism: Tourism includes thousands of people who: 1) create or enhance attractions (such as snowmobile clubs and festival organizers); 2) provide lodging; 3) provide food (restaurants); and 4) provide stores and services supporting tourists. There are about a half million pleasure trips taken to Aroostook County each year. Over half come for outdoor activities, including snowmobiling and crosscountry skiing in the winter, and bicycling, fishing and hunting in the summer and fall. Information technology: Information technology (IT) consists of businesses that are involved with computer software and web design, database management, internet services, and related services. These businesses typically pay twice the average salary in the region, and have the potential to be the county s number one growth industry in the next decade. Precision manufacturing: Precision manufacturing of metal products is a small but important activity in Aroostook County. Acme-Monaco in Presque Isle, First Technology in Caribou, and Smith & Wesson in Houlton are key companies, as are other local metal fabricators serving the agriculture and wood products industries. There are also a number of large metals firms just across the border in New Brunswick, Canada that increase the market for developing needed industry supports. Comprehensive Risk Mitigation and Disaster Recovery Plan Page 15

16 New Brunswick is a resource for Aroostook County s growth. They are a source of investment in forestry (Irving, Fraser); investment in agriculture (McCains); potential tourists; and of infrastructure for metals and IT. The average civilian labor force in Aroostook County for 21 was 28,716. The largest major industry sector was Health Care and Social Assistance with 22% of the employment, followed by Retail Trade (44 & 45) with 15%, and Manufacturing with 1%. The following table provides the major industries, number of establishments, and number of employees for the County. Table 3. Major Industries in Aroostook County # # Employees Establishments Health Care and Social Assistance 273 6,178 Retail Trade (44 & 45) 349 4,2 Manufacturing (31-33) 11 2,887 Education Services 59 2,587 Accommodation and Food Services 143 2,13 Public Administration 143 1,945 Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting 211 1,544 Construction 233 1,154 Transportation and Warehousing (48 & 49) 216 1,19 Admin., Support, Waste Mgmt., Remediation Other Services (except Public Admin.) Finance and Insurance Information Wholesale Trade Professional, Scientific & Technical Service Real Estate and Rental and Leasing Management of Companies and Enterprises Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation Utilities Totals 2,461 28,716 Source: Maine Department of Labor Comprehensive Risk Mitigation and Disaster Recovery Plan Page 16

17 According to Tower Publishing, there are 2,189 businesses in Aroostook County. The majority of businesses, approximately 61%, employ between 1-4 employees. This is followed by 18% of businesses employing between 5-9 employees and approximately 7% do not list the number of employees or may be self-employed. Figure 1 provides a more detailed look at the number of businesses in Aroostook County by employee number. The majority of service center communities such as Presque Isle, Fort Kent, Fort Fairfield, and Van Buren are located along the banks of the St. John and Aroostook Rivers and are frequently subject to flooding. These flooding occurrences affect the surrounding smaller, rural communities dependent upon service centers for services and products. Major highways within the flooded regions are regularly unable to make necessary deliveries during these periods of inundation. Comprehensive Risk Mitigation and Disaster Recovery Plan Page 17

18 1.6.2 Knox County Comprehensive Risk Mitigation and Disaster Recovery Plan Page 18

19 The total number of employees located in Knox County in 21 was 17,4. The largest major industry sector was Retail Trade (44 & 45) with 16% of the employment, followed by Health Care and Social Assistance with 16% of the employment, followed by Accommodations and Food Services with 14%. Table 4. Major Industries in Knox County Industry Group # Establishments # Employees Health Care and Social Assistance 146 2,72 Retail Trade (44 & 45) 246 2,812 Education Services 53 1,157 Manufacturing (31-33) 85 1,344 Accommodation and Food Services 166 2,369 Public Administration 53 1,145 Construction 223 1,215 Other Services (except Public Admin.) Admin., Support, Waste Mgmt., Remediation Finance and Insurance Professional, Scientific & Technical Service Information Transportation and Warehousing (48 & 49) Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting Wholesale Trade Real Estate and Rental and Leasing Utilities Management of Companies and Enterprises 6 68 Total ,4 Source: Maine Department of Labor Labor Market Statistics The retail trade and the health care industry sectors have the most establishments with the highest number of employees. These two sectors alone account for over $64 million in sales and revenues in Knox County. The health care industry generates approximately $88,844, in annual payroll. There is one river located in Knox County, the St. George River, which flows through the towns of Appleton, Union, Warren, Thomaston, South Thomaston, Cushing and St. George. Knox County consists of 18 municipalities including 5 island communities. The County is located in mid-coast Maine. The 28 population is 4,686, up 2.7% since 2. Tower Publishing Company provided the number of businesses in Knox County by employee size as: Total = 1,29 Figure 2. Number of Businesses by Employee Size Comprehensive Risk Mitigation and Disaster Recovery Plan Page 19

20 Comprehensive Risk Mitigation and Disaster Recovery Plan Page 2

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