1 DKeane MSMC ED 5700 ICP - Lesson Plan Using Technology in the K-8 Science Curriculum Creating a Jeopardy Review Game using PowerPoint software. (Sample Performance objectives and questions are based on Grade 7 Life Science) OVERVIEW: In this lesson, the students will learn to navigate through the PowerPoint software program by creating a Jeopardy review game. Students will create their own template as well as the information to place into the game. Students will also review information and vocabulary from the Human Body Science Unit, by first creating questions and answers and then by playing each other s finished game. STANDARDS: National Science Education Standards: 5-8 Life Science Content Standard C: As a result of their activities in grades 5-8, all students should develop understanding of structure and function in living systems. The human organism has systems for digestion, respiration, reproduction, circulation, excretion, movement, control, and coordination, and for protection from disease. These systems interact with one another. NY State Standards - Math, Science and Technology 4: Students will understand and apply scientific concepts, principles, and theories pertaining to the physical setting and living environment and recognize the historical development of ideas in science. Key Idea 1: Living things are both similar to and different from each other and from nonliving things. Performance Indicator 1.2: The student will explain the functioning of the major human organ systems and their interactions. National Education Technology Standard 2: Communication and Collaboration Students use digital media and environments to communicate and work collaboratively, including at a distance, to support individual learning and contribute to the learning of others. Students interact, collaborate, and publish with peers, experts, or others employing a variety of digital environments and media.
2 New York State Standards - Math, Science and Technology 5: Students will apply technological knowledge and skills to design, construct, use, and evaluate products and systems to satisfy human and environmental needs. Key Idea 3: Computers, as tools for design, modeling, information processing, communication, and system control, have greatly increased human productivity and knowledge. Performance Indicator: Students will use a computer system to connect to and access needed information from various Internet sites. GOALS: The student will learn to navigate PowerPoint software by creating a Jeopardy game for use with any unit. The student will also review the vocabulary for the Human body unit while creating the Jeopardy style game. PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES: Given access to a computer, PowerPoint software, and directions, the students will first construct 25 appropriate, accurate questions and answers which review the information in the science unit Human Body; and then create a jeopardy-style game, using the appropriate format and accurate links between slides, with fewer than three errors. MATERIALS: Computer with Word processing software such as Microsoft Word; PowerPoint software; Classroom Smart board and projector. INTRODUCTION/ ANTICIPATORY SET: Set up a sample jeopardy game to play. Before playing with students, familiarize yourself with the game. I have created a sample Human Body Jeopardy game. It is accessible as a slide show and as a file on my wiki page: Jeopardy Review Game: how to Open the file to slide show, and click from beginning. In order to move from the category on the game board to the corresponding question, the pointer must be on the number when you click. Then, when you want to show the answer, the pointer must be on the text. Move from the answer back to the game board by clicking on the answer text. To exit the game entirely, click escape. Playing the game with students: Although many students may already know how to play this game, explain the rules and how the game works. There are five categories, with five answers in each. In this game, the answers are given, and the contestant must supply the question. Usually this is in the format What is? or, Who is? For example, if the answer is This part of the plant holds the seeds. then question is What is a fruit? Play the game for about 10 minutes, for students to understand the game. Point out to the students that when playing the game, and moving between slides, it is imperative that the
3 pointer be on the correct location on the slide in order to take the moderator to the next appropriate slide. Click on text box to see next slide, which is the answer. Click on the textbox of the answer to go back to the main selection page the jeopardy board. Ask the students why they think this is necessary. Ask students how they could create this effect using a computer program. [Teacher note: When creating the game in PowerPoint, students control where on the page to click by the links they create. ]Students should see that the purpose of the activity is to learn to use functions within PowerPoint software by creating a game, and to review the information in the science unit. DEVELOPMENT: Through direct instruction, the instructor will guide students though the process of creating a Jeopardy game using PowerPoint software. The instructor will demonstrate the first steps of creating the game board and slides. Once students have been guided through the process of creating two question and answer slides, they will continue to make the remaining question/answer slides independently. The instructor will then model the method for creating the hyperlinks between the slides. After watching the instructor model this procedure, the students will create the remainder of the hyperlinks within their file. Creation of questions and answers: This activity will be done with the students working together in groups of two. Before starting to create the game with PowerPoint, each group must construct 25 questions and answers. These questions should be divided into five different categories (Categories A, B, C, D, and E). Questions/answers should not be too long as the text needs to fit within the textbox on the slide. Students should first type their questions and answers into a Microsoft Word file. Later, they will cut and paste these into the appropriate locations on the PowerPoint Jeopardy game. Inform the students that this is also a review of the concepts covered in the Human Body Unit; therefore a portion of their grade is based on the accuracy and quality of the questions and answers. Questions should have variety and various levels of difficulty. Refer students to the Rubric below. Students should submit their list of questions/answers to the instructor for preliminary approval prior to beginning the PowerPoint activity. Hand out the directions for making the Jeopardy game. Ask students to first read through the directions for setting up the game. This will give the students an idea of what will need to be done. The teacher and students will work through the first steps together. Once students understand the idea of how to insert their questions and answers, they will continue to work independently. Directions for Creating the PowerPoint Jeopardy Game 1. Open a new file in PowerPoint. On the first slide choose layout, and then choose title slide. Under design, choose a background color. The traditional Jeopardy game is blue, but you can
4 choose any color. In the title text box, type in the title of your game it doesn t have to be Jeopardy, you can name it anything you want. 2. Slide two will be your game board slide. This will have the list of categories and all the question choices. Under home,, choose new slide. Under layout choose the blank page. (The background should automatically become the same as your first slide.) Next, select insert table. For the standard game, choose a 5 x 6 grid. Insert it onto the page, and then resize it to fit most of the page. Type in the titles of your five categories, one in each box across the top. Add the point values in each box. Usually these values are 10, 20, 30, 40, and 50. Center the number within each box. Now that you have a game board for the basic questions, we will add a selection for the Final Jeopardy question. Under Insert,, click on textbox.. Add a text box at the bottom of the page. Type Final Jeopardy Question in this box. To put a border around the question box, under format, choose shape outline and choose the color of your border. Your page should look like this: 3. Next we will create the question and answer slides. Or rather, the answer and question slides! After we have all the answers and questions in the PowerPoint, then we will go back and add the links to move from one to the other when we want to, making it just like the real game.
5 Each slide has either an answer or a question. For each slide, click on new slide, the choose title slide. Type (or copy and paste) your text into the top text box. Make the font large enough to read. This will be between 44 and 60, depending on how many words in your question/answer. The easiest way to set up the answers and questions is to have them sequentially on each slide. For example, slide 3 is the answer for category A - 10 pts, slide 4 has the question for category A - 10 pts. Refer to the table below. Add a new slide for each question and answer. Since you have 25 questions and answers, this will require 50 separate slides. Category Answer Question Category Answer Question A 10 points Slide #3 Slide #4 D 10 points Slide #33 Slide #34 A 20 points Slide #5 Slide #6 D 20 points Slide #35 Slide #36 A 30 points Slide #7 Slide #8 D 30 points Slide #37 Slide #38 A 40 points Slide #9 Slide #10 D 40 points Slide #39 Slide #40 A 50 points Slide #11 Slide # 12 D 50 points Slide #41 Slide #42 B 10 points Slide #13 Slide #14 E 10 points Slide #43 Slide #44 B 20 points Slide #15 Slide #16 E 20 points Slide #45 Slide #46 B 30 points Slide #17 Slide #18 E 30 points Slide #47 Slide #48 B 40 points Slide # 19 Slide #20 E 40 points Slide #49 Slide # 50 B 50 points Slide #21 Slide #22 E 50 points Slide #51 Slide #52 C 10 points Slide #23 Slide #24 Final Jeopardy Slide #53 Slide #54 C 20 points Slide #25 Slide #26 C 30 points Slide #27 Slide #28 C 40 points Slide #29 Slide #30 C 50 points Slide #31 Slide #32 In my sample, Category A is Skeletal System, Category B is Joints, Category C is Muscular System, Category D is skin and Category E is circulatory system. 4. Now that we have the answers and questions, we are ready to add the links that will take us from the game board to the answers and questions. On the game board page, under the first category, highlight the 10. Under insert, click hyperlink. This will open a window. On the left you will have a choice where you want to link the 10. Choose place in this document. You will then see a list of all the slides in your document. Since we want to go to the first question when we click on this 10, choose slide 3: In my example this is The red blood cells are made here. The slide that you want should show up in the preview screen. Click OK if it is the one you want. Next, when we are on slide 3, we want to be able to show the correct answer. Go to slide 3, highlight the text (the answer ), under insert, click hyperlink. This should open the same window we just used. On the left under link to, click place in this document. Find the
6 corresponding slide, which is #4: In my example the slide is What is bone marrow? Click on it. View the slide preview and click OK. When a student is finished answering the question in the actual game, we want to return to the main game board, to choose another category and point value. We therefore want to link the question to the game board in the same way we linked the answer to the question. Follow the steps above, go to slide #4, highlight the text, click hyperlink, choose place in this document, then choose slide #2, which is our game board. View the preview and click OK. After a student answers correctly, we click on the text, and it takes us back to the game board. Remember to save your file. To test if this worked, click slide show, then choose from beginning (on left). The first click shows the title page, the next click gives us the game board. Then a click on the 10 brings us to the answer. Click on the text to get the question. Next, a click on the text of the question should bring us back to the game board. (To get out of the slideshow, hit the escape key.) Now that you know how to create the links between the game board and the answers/questions, go through each number on the game board and link the point value for each category with its corresponding answer/question, and back to the game board. With this setup, if the student does not answer correctly when playing the game, they are shown the correct answer. If you want to give students a second try you may add a link back to the game board, rather than the question, by adding an icon, or word, then highlighting it and adding a link back to slide two. Then you just click on the icon to take you back to the game board from the answer slide. GUIDED PRACTICE: As the instructor models each step for the set up of the game board and the question/answer slides listed above, students will follow these steps to create the game in their own files. Students will create the remainder of the question/answer slides independently. The instructor will provide guided practice again when showing how to create the links between slides. Students will initially create their own links along with the instructor s directions. CLOSURE: Students will play the games that they have created. After playing, the instructor will initiate a class discussion. Ask students what was easy and/or difficult about this activity. Ask students whether they prefer to use such a game format to learn to use software such as PowerPoint. How else could this software be applied? Ask students if they think the game format is effective for studying material.
7 INDEPENDENT PRACTICE: During class time, the students will be given the opportunity to independently perform the steps of creating question/answer slides and creating links. As homework, the teacher may assign a similar game to be created for use with a different science unit. ACCOMMODATIONS AND MODIFICATIONS: For advanced or gifted students, encourage them to be creative and add to the basic game. For example, they can add color, audio, images and animation to the text. They might have each answer fly or flip onto the page. For audio, they can add the Jeopardy theme music or applause for a correct answer. To add animation, first go to the slide to be animated. Highlight the text box or image to be animated. Under animation, click custom animation. A sidebar should appear on the right. Highlight the text or image to animate. Click add effect. If we want the title to appear onto the screen, we click on entrance, then from the menu choose which animation type you d like. Try a few out to see what you prefer. The timing of the animation can also be changed from fast to medium or slow. Students whose disabilities prevent them from utilizing a conventional computer may use assistive technologies such as big key keyboards, and mouse alternatives such as touch screen adaptations. Visually impaired learners may require a large print screen. EVALUATION: Diagnostic: While playing the Jeopardy game as an anticipatory set, ask the students for suggestions as to how we could create these slides on a computer screen. Ask students for suggestions as to why it is necessary to click on specific areas of the slide to in order to move to the answers or back to the game board screen. Ask students if and how these moves can be created with a computer program. Formative: The teacher will circulate among the students throughout the instruction time and ask questions regarding the steps they are taking to formulate the game, to insure that they understand the process. Ask students how they added a new slide to their file. Ask students to point out where a specific slide will link to when it is clicked on. Ask students what would happen during their game if the moderator clicked on an area outside the text box. Summative: Student groups will team up to play their games. Each pair of students will present their game to another group to play. Students will self-evaluate their games based on
8 the rubric below. Students will submit their Jeopardy game file to be graded. The instructor will also use the rubric to evaluate student work. Rubric for Jeopardy Game: Criteria Questions All 25 questions and answers are All 25 questions and answers are One to two questions missing. appropriate to the appropriate to the Questions are not topic. Quality questions with variety in the types of questions asked topic. Questions are not of high quality, or no variety. appropriate to the topic Format Links Creativity All formatting procedures were correctly followed. All links connecting slides work correctly Creativity shown in adding graphics, images, or audio One to two errors in formatting. One error in linking slides One or more additional items. Three or more errors in formatting. Two or more errors in linking slides No items beyond the basic template Many questions missing or are not appropriate to the topic. Formatting procedures were not appropriately followed Many linking errors, so as to make the game difficult to play Project not completed appropriately CRITIQUE QUESTIONS: Did the students understand the directions I gave them to create the game? Could the directions have been more specific? Were the directions too long? Would my students have benefited from more visuals of each page instead of written directions? Does the provided slide table help to keep students on task while creating their slides and links? Does the traditional Jeopardy format contain too many questions and answers for my students to complete within the available class time? Were the students able to work together in pairs to complete this activity? Did they help each other, or would they have learned more working individually? Does this type of activity help students learn to navigate the PowerPoint program more easily than having them explore the program on their own? Does the idea of a game format motivate students to study the material?