REGIONAL OPERATIONAL PROGRAMME FOR THE LOWER SILESIAN VOIVODSHIP FOR

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1 REGIONAL OPERATIONAL PROGRAMME FOR THE LOWER SILESIAN VOIVODSHIP FOR

2 Table of contents Introduction...3 I. Socio-economic analysis of the Lower Silesian Voivodship...4 II. Strategy of the Regional Operational Programme for the Lower Silesian Voivodship for III. Description of priorities of the Regional Operational Programme for the Lower Silesian Voivodship for IV. The Regional Operational Programme financing plan for the Lower Silesian Voivodship for V. Management and implementation system of the Regional Operational Programme for the Lower Silesian Voivodship for VI. Synthesis of ex-ante evaluation results of the draft Regional Operational Programme for the Lower Silesia Voivodship for and results of evaluations of expected macroeconomic effects VII. Results of the ROP s Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) for the Lower Silesian Voivodship for VIII. Work organisation and socio-economic consultations of the draft Regional Operational Programme for the Lower Silesian Voivodship for IX. Terms and definitions X. Abbreviations XI. Annexes to the Regional Operational Programme for the Lower Silesian Voivodship for

3 Introduction The present programming period of the European Union Structural Funds for years offers a great opportunity for the Lower Silesian Voivodship. The financial assistance for voivodship regional development allocated under the Regional Operational Programme for years will be significantly higher than for years Future beneficiaries and the voivodship self-government, which plays a much more prominent role in years will, concurrently, face an enormous challenge of deciding how to effectively use the new Funds. For the first time, the voivodship self-government plays the role of a Managing Authority of the Regional Operational Programme, and thus becomes fully responsible for preparation, implementation and management of regional programmes. Success will largely depend on whether the actions of self-government authorities are purposeful and taken using appropriate tools. Therefore, the point of reference for developing the Regional Operational Programme is the 2020 Development Strategy for the Lower Silesian Voivodship (DSLSV), which is the master plan for the development of our region. The main objective of the Regional Operational Programme is identical to the underlying goal of the DSLSV, namely to improve the quality of life of Lower Silesia inhabitants and increase the region s competitiveness while respecting principles of sustainable development. As a result, the Regional Operational Programme becomes the main tool for implementation of the regional strategy. It is also in line with the EU Council decision of October 6, 2006, on Community strategic guidelines on cohesion. Therefore, the Programme fulfils the key requirement for all programmes implemented in years , which is to improve the conditions for growth and employment. The Programme is aimed to provide assistance to various types of investments specified in the process of extensive consultations and agreements with the entities and bodies involved in the development of our voivodship. Therefore, we extend our thanks to all who took active part in the consultations, and whose contribution proved to be extremely valuable in the development of the Programme. In years , assistance will be provided to the areas already cofinanced by EU Funds such as transport infrastructure, tourism, culture, education, the infrastructure of environmental protection, information society and healthcare, and to new areas including the region s ecological and energy safety, which have not yet been subsidised by the Structural Funds. Moreover, the Regional Operational Programme will be more focused on the publicity of innovation in the Lower Silesian economy and the development of small and medium-sized enterprises. We are convinced that the Regional Operational Programme, whose provisions reflect the key ideas of EU development in respect of sustainable and harmonious growth and efforts to achieve internal cohesion, will be an important element in attaining the main objective of the Revised Lisbon Strategy, which is to improve the quality of life of European citizens and make the EU economy more dynamic and more competitive. 3

4 I. Socio-economic analysis of the Lower Silesian Voivodship. 1.1 Region's location in Poland and Europe The Lower Silesian Voivodship lies in the south-west part of Poland. Its area covers the majority of historic and geographical Lower Silesia and a part of ŁuŜyce. The region can be divided into two major parts: the lowlands in the north and the highlands (the Sudety mountains and foothills) in the south. The Lower Silesian Voivodship borders Germany (Saxony) in the west, the Czech Republic (the region of Severovýchod) in the south, the Opolskie Voivodship in the east, the Greater Poland Voivodship in the north east, and the Lubuskie Voivodship in the north-west. The region is strategically located in Poland and Europe, at the intersection of centuries-old transport routes leading from the east to the west, and from the south to the north. The capital of the region is Wrocław, a city located close to the capitals of the neighbouring European countries. This means that the city and its region are conveniently located in the European economic space. The distance from Wrocław to Warsaw and Berlin is about 350km, to Dresden, Cracow and Prage about 300km, and to Bratyslava, Szczecin and Vienna about 400km. The nearest major capitals of Polish regions, Katowice and Poznań, are about 200km away. The Lower Silesian Voivodship consists of 26 poviats, 3 towns with the rights of poviats and 169 gminas (36 municipal gminas, 54 municipal-rural gminas and 79 rural gminas). Along with the Opole region, it belongs to the south-west region (NUTS 1), and, as a NUTS 2 unit, it is divided into 4 territorial NUTS 3 units (sub-regions: jeleniogórsko-wałbrzyski, legnicki, wrocławski and the city of Wrocław). The voivodship covers an area of 19,948 sq.km and has a population of nearly 2.9 million. 70.9% of the region's population lives in 91 towns and cities. 29.2% of the total voivodship area is covered by forests and woodland and 53% by farmland the proportions are similar to those in other parts of the country. The region's natural resources (including copper ores and lignite) form a base for the development of mining and other industries. Modern industrial processing and services are also developing. In addition, the region's geographical location, environmental conditions, medicinal waters and its rich cultural heritage and history make tourism and spa healthcare one of the leading Lower Silesian industries. The region's share in the national GDP is 7.7%, but it amounts to only 51.7% of the average GDP per EU-27 resident. The region's most urgent problems include a declining population, high unemployment, unequal quality of life, as well as unequal quality and distribution of infrastructure. The disparities are observable not only between cities and rural locations but also across subregions, poviats and gminas. However, some positive socio-economic trends are also observed, namely: the growing innovation of the Lower Silesian economy, an inflow of foreign capital, three dynamically developing special economic zones, the development of small and medium-sized enterprises, as well as an active role of local self-governments and non-governmental organisations. 4

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7 1.2 Region's macroeconomic situation The profile of the regional economy The region's role in the Polish economy is important yet diversified. The share of the Lower Silesia region in the national GDP in 2004 was 7.7%, while in 2000 it was 8%. In terms of GDP per one inhabitant, the Lower Silesian Voivodship is ranked 4th in Poland (after the Masovian, Silesian and Greater Poland Voivodships). According to Eurostat, in 2004 the value of gross domestic product per inhabitant in Poland, based on purchasing-power parity, was 10,904.8 PPS i.e. 50.7% of the average EU-27 value. In Lower Silesia the value was a more than 11.1k PPS per inhabitant, i.e. 51.7% of the average GDP per EU-27 resident. The regional economic structure is also reflected in sectoral distribution of gross added value. The Lower Silesia region is ranked 3rd in Poland in terms of gross added value per employee (after the Masovian and Silesian regions). In 2004, each employee in the region generated PLN 69,451, while the average for Poland was PLN 63,561 (8.5% less). The economic structure of the Lower Silesian Voivodship by activity type is different from typical EU and Polish structures. Table 1. Sectoral structure of gross added value generated in the Lower Silesian Voivodship, Poland and European Union in 2004 Location TOTAL Sector 1 (agriculture, hunting and forestry, fishing) Of which (%) Sector 2 (industry, construction industry) Sector 3 (services) UE ,50 Poland Lower Silesian 100 Voivodship Source: EUROSTAT: REGIO regional database. The share of the agriculture sector in the gross added value of the whole voivodship is higher than in the EU (3.00%), and lower than in Poland as a whole (5.05%). The share of industry and the construction industry in the generation of gross added value in the region is higher not only from the proportion in Poland as a whole (30.17%) but also from the proportion in the European Union (26.60%). In turn, the share of the services sector, an indicator of modern economic structure, in generation of the gross added value in the Lower Silesian Voivodship is 65.13% (the average for Poland is 64.78%). The share of this sector in EU countries is over 71% Business entities In December 2006, there were thousand business entities in the Lower Silesian Voivodship which were registered in the REGON system. This number included 20 thousand commercial law companies (including 5,681 firms with foreign capital). The entities operating in the private sector constituted 94.2% of all the business entities. A vast majority of the entities are still firms of physical persons (218.9 thousand entities, i.e. over 72% of their total number in the region). 7

8 At the end of 2006, the Lower Silesian entrepreneurship rate (the number of business entities per 1,000 inhabitants) was markedly higher than the average for Poland (105.1 compared to 95). In this respect, the voivodship is ranked as high as 3rd in Poland (after the West Pomeranian and Masovian Voivodships). In the structure of business entities, a significant part (over 290 thousand) are microenterprises (up to 9 employees). Their share in the Lower Silesia region in mid-2005 was 95.9%. As indicated in the National Reform Programme, the dominance of this kind of entities is characteristic for Polish companies. Their share in Poland as a whole it was 95.0%. A decisive majority of micro-enterprises in the region operate in the private sector (95.2%, while the average for Poland is 97.5%). The sectoral structura of business entities clearly underlines the service function of the region. At the end of 2006 amongst the total of thousand of business entities: - in the agricultural and forestry section functioned 6,502 companies (2.1% of total) - in the industry and building sector 57,071 companies (18.8% of total) - in the market services sector - 218,587 companies (71.2% of total) - in the non-market servies sector 20,857 companies (6.9% of total). There is a large portion of businesses operating in the field of commerce and repairs, section G (30.9% of all registered entities), property service and business-related services, section K (21.2% of all registered entities). An inflow of foreign capital to the region has been growing for years. In terms of the number of entities with foreign capital (5,681 entities in December 2006, 5,095 at the end of 2004, 4,834 in December 2003, and 4,378 at the end of 2000), the Lower Silesian Voivodship is ranked 2nd in Poland (after the Masovian Voivodship). At the end of 2006, there were 19.7 companies with foreign capital per 10 thousand residents (14.7 in 2000), while the average for Poland is The entities with foreign capital operate primarily in the sector of commerce (nearly 40% of all entities) and industrial processing (more than 25%) Industry The Lower Silesian Voivodship is one of the most industrialised regions in Poland. In 2000, total industrial sales in the voivodship was PLN 35,719.1 million as compared to PLN 62,949.1million in 2006 (8.4% of Poland's industrial output). In this respect the region is ranked 4th in Poland (after the Masovian, Silesian and Greater Poland regions). A proportion of small and medium-sized enterprises in the region's total industrial sales shows a downward trend and is relatively lower than in Poland as a whole (36.5% and 39.6%, respectively). Key to the region's economy is the extraction of copper and silver ores by KGHM Polska Miedź S.A. in the Legnica-Głogów Copper Mining District, the extraction of lignite by KWB Turów in the gmina of Bogatynia, paving and building stone, fire-resistant clay (Rusko- Jaroszów deposit) and natural gas. The copper ores extracted in three mines (Lubin, Polkowice, Rudna) play a significant role in European and world markets (in 2004 the mines yielded almost 31.9 million tons). Lower Silesia ranks 3rd in Poland in the extraction of lignite (after the Łódzkie and Greater Poland Voivodships). In 2004, the region's mines yielded over 10.8 million tons of lignite, which accounted for 17.7% of the lignite extracted in Poland. Business entities involved in industrial production operate in a wide variety of industries. The most prominent industries in the voivodship are: the manufacture of plant and machinery, 8

9 mainly the manufacture of transport and electrotechnical equipment, ceramics, pharmaceuticals, chemicals and chemical products, coal mining, copper mining, rock extraction, electrical power, natural gas and water supply, as well as the manufacture of foods and drinks, and the manufacture of fabrics and clothing. It is reflected in the structure of industrial sales in the Lower Silesia region. In 2005, 72.5% of total industrial sales were generated by industrial processing. Employees of industrial facilities located in the Lower Silesian Voivodship account for 8.1% of the total workforce employed in this branch of economy in Poland. Over the past several years, the number of jobs in the Lower Silesian industry has been declining. In 2000, the industry provided jobs to thousand people, whereas in 2004 the number decreased by 40 thousand jobs to It results from a slump in many branches of industry, as well as obsolete technologies and production facilities Support for economic development Organisations that support the development of regional economy are, most importantly, regional and local development agencies, business incubators (in Wrocław, Nowa Ruda and Wałbrzych), industrial parks (in Wrocław, Nowa Ruda and Bukowice), business information centres, economic publicity centres, capital funds and other non-governmental organisations (associations, clubs). The organisations' activities are diversified. There are four Special Economic Zones in the voivodship: the Wałbrzych Special Economic Zone (now 14 sub-zones, of which 12 are located in the Lower Silesian voivodship: Wałbrzych, DzierŜoniów, Kłodzko, Nowa Ruda, Kudowa Zdrój, Jelcz-Laskowice, śarów, Świdnica, Strzelin, Wrocław, Oława and Brzeg Dolny), the Kamienna Góra Special Economic Zone for Small Businesses (now 8 sub-zones in Kamienna Góra, Nowogrodziec- Wykroty, Jawor, Lubawka, Krzeszów, Piechowice, Lubań and Janowice Wielkie), the Legnica Special Economic Zone (7 sub-zones in Legnica, Legnickie Pole, Polkowice, Krzywa, Lubin, Złotoryja and Środa Śląska), and the Tarnobrzeska Special Economic Zone with a sub-zone in Kobierzyce. The Special Economic Zones stimulate business development of gminas and their immediate and wider environs. There is also a high concentration of business in the Wrocław agglomeration. At present, the cooperation in the region between enterprises within local and regional networks (so called clusters) is not significant. Positive tendencies, though, can be noticed both among businesses and business environment institutions (i.e. entities functioning in Lower Silesia within the National System of Services for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises). 9

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11 R&D and innovation potential Human resources for science and technology 1 in the Lower Silesian region amount to over 400 thousand people (7.4% of Polish resources). In this respect Lower Silesia is close to the country's average, where the resources are 32.2% of professionally active population (32.4% in the region). This rate is markedly lower than in the neighbouring regions of Germany and Czech Republic, but higher than in the neighbouring Polish regions.90 Table 2. Human resources in research and technology in the region and in Poland in Human resources in thous. Poland 4,514 4,491 4,574 4,615 4, Lower Silesian Voivodship % of professionally active population Poland , Lower Silesian Voivodship , Source: EUROSTAT: REGIO regional database. The importance of research and development in the region is continuously growing. In 2000, R&D was carried out in 61 units and at the end of 2005 in 82 units compared to 1097 units operating in Poland. In this respect, the Lower Silesia region is ranked 5th in Poland (after the Masovia, Silesia and Lesser Poland and Greater Poland regions). An important role in R&D and innovation in the region and in Poland plays the Wrocław Technology Transfer Centre at the Wrocław University of Technology. The University also houses the Advanced Technologies Centre and the Nanotechnology Centre. In addition, in the Lower Silesian Voivodship there is one Technology Park in Wrocław and two technology parks now underway in Wałbrzych and Szczawno Zdrój. The number of staff in R&D units in the Lower Silesia region and in Poland in increased slightly (by 1.8% in the region and by 1.1% in Poland), but in the year 2005 a decrease was noticed. At the same time, there has been a change in the employment structure of such units across institutional sectors. As compared to Poland as a whole and the European Union, the importance of business and governmental organisations sectors in the Lower Silesia region is small. The most important R&D sector in the Lower Silesia region is higher education (over 80% employees in the units in question; while in EU countries the proportion is twice lower on average). Internal expenditure on research and development in showed an upward trend. In , there was a marked decline in R&D expenditure both in Poland and in the region. However, since 2004 a gradual increase in R&D expenditure has been observed. It is in line with the national trend presented in the National Reform Programme. The structure of internal expenditure on research and development is dominated by current expenditure. In 2005, current expenditure accounted for 79.1% of the total internal R&D expenditure in Poland, 67.6% in the Lower Silesia region. Capital expenditure on fixed assets was, therefore, 32.4% of the total internal expenditure on research and development (the 1 Human Resources for Science and Technology (HRST) refers to those currently involved or potentially able to be involved in any work related to the creation, development, dissemination and application of scientific and technological knowledge. According to international methodological guidelines, the resources include all those whose education (post-secondary) enables them to take up jobs related to science and technology as well as all those employed in these jobs. 11

12 average for Poland was 20.9%). Moreover, the Lower Silesia region has a relatively higher level of expenditure in industry. In 2004, the Lower Silesian industry absorbed nearly 27% of all internal R&D expenditure, with the average figure for Poland being over 15%. The weaknesses of research and development sphere in the Lower Silesia region include: a comparatively low level of internal expenditure relative to GDP; the expenditure in the voivodship in 2004 totalled only 0.41% of GDP (GUS data), whereas the average rate for Poland was 0.56% (GUS data), and in the "old" EU countries almost 1.91% (EUROSTAT data); a low proportion of employment in research and development relative to the number of professionally active population members in the region (2005 data), 0.40% in the region (GUS data), 0.45% in Poland (GUS data) and 1.46% in EU countries (EUROSTAT estimation); a high level of research equipment wear and tear (over 84%). One of the indicators of a modern economy is the role of high-technology sectors 2. In 2005, in Lower Silesia, this sector had 74 thousand employees, which constituted 7.78% of the total number of employees in the region. In this respect the Lower Silesian Voivodship is ranked 6th in Poland (after the Pomeranian, Opole, Greater Poland, Silesian and Masovian Voivodships). The country's average employment rate in High Tech is 7.23% of total workforce Investment activity In 2005, capital expenditure in the region was over PLN 11.5 billion, 8.7% of the total expenditure incurred in the national economy. The structure of the expenditure is dominated by expenditure incurred in the private sector (over 67% of all capital expenditure in the voivodship). A decisive majority of capital expenditure incurred in the private sector relates to businesses employing more than 9 people. In 2005, small entities (up to 9 employees) incurred capital expenditure of almost PLN 4 billion, over 30% of the total expenditure incurred in the private sector in the region. The proportion is markedly lower than the Polish average (almost 35%). In the structure of capital expenditure incurred by business entities operating in the Lower Silesian Voivodship, the largest part was: industry (44% of total capital expenditure), property service, rental, science and business-related services, construction, commerce and transport, warehouse management and communications. In 2005, the value of capital expenditure per inhabitant in the region was PLN 3,970 with the Polish average being PLN 3,434. In this respect, the Lower Silesian Voivodship is ranked 2nd (after the Masovian Voivodship). This means that the level of investment activity in the region is relatively high. At the same time, foreign capital expenditure is rising. The most important foreign investments in 2005 include: LG Philips in Kobierzyce (EUR 430 million), Toyota in Jelcz-Laskowice (EUR 200 million) and Electrolux in Świdnica, Oława and śarów. 2 According Eurostat and OECD, high and medium high technology manufacturing and knowledge-intensive high-technology services include (NACE codes): 24. Manufacture of chemicals and chemical product, 29. Manufacture of machinery and equipment, 30. Manufacture of office machinery and computers, 31. Manufacture of electrical machinery and apparatus, 32. Manufacture of radio, television and communication equipment and apparatus, 33. Manufacture of medical, precision and optical instruments, watches and clocks, 34. Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers, 35. Manufacture of other transport equipment, 64. Post and telecommunications, 72. Computer and related activities 73. Research and development. 12

13 Information society infrastructure At the end of December 2005, the Lower Silesian Voivodship had 1,004.8 thousands main telephone connection lines (almost 835 thousand in 1999). Of over thousand private telephone subscribers, only thousand (i.e. 14.8%) are village residents. In 2005, there were 273 cable-telephony subscribers per 1000 inhabitants in Poland, and 299 in the region. In this respect, the Lower Silesia region is ranked 2nd in Poland (after the Masovian Voivodship 322). In EU countries, the access to cable telephony is relatively better than in the Lower Silesia region and Poland (for example, ca. 740 in Sweden). However, a marked gap between towns and rural areas should be noted, as in 2005 there were 362 telephone subscribers per 1000 town residents, whereas in rural areas only 145. The key factor in shaping the basis for information society development is computerisation and Internet access. This especially relates to households, schools and businesses. According to statistics, there was a marked increase in the number of personal computers in households in In the Lower Silesia region over 38,8% of households have PCs, with the average rate for Poland only slightly lower (almost 38.6%). The highest rate of home Internet access is noted in Danish households (69%), while the lowest in Lithuania (12%), with the average EU rate being 43% The PC rate is very diversified. It is lowest in rural areas, where PC access is two times lower than in towns/cities. Internet access is similarly diversified, with about half of the households with personal PCs plugged into the Internet. Table 3. Personal computers in households in the Lower Silesia region and in Poland in Share of households (%) with personal computer Internet access POLAND LOWER SILESIAN VOIVODSHIP x Source: GUS Apart from home PC and Internet access, another factor in the development of the information society are computerized schools. Schools in the Lower Silesia region are equipped with computers to various extents. The best in this respect are primary schools, as over 91% of them have computers. Primary schools are matched by junior high schools (gymnasiums) and senior high schools (general lyceums). A relatively worse situation is in post-primary and post-gymnasium vocational schools. The vast majority of computers in schools are intended for student use and give them access to the Internet. The use of computers, local computer networks and Internet by businesses is also becoming more and more widespread. It is estimated that over 90% of businesses in the region make use of computers. 13

14 The technical possibilities of Internet access via broadband connections (in which data can be transferred at the speed of 128kb/s and more) are diversified. Broadband connections are found in one in three households, mainly in towns and cities. Most users use the Internet for private purposes (mainly to search for information, use online services or communicate). However, the Internet is increasingly often becoming a tool for contacts with public administration. In spite of this, as indicated in the National Reform Programme, the use of information technologies in public administration is significantly lower that the EU-15 average, even lower than in new member countries. 1.3 Region s human capital Population development trends At the end of 1999, the population of the Lower Silesian Voivodship was 2,977.6 thousand, 7.7% of the total population of Poland, whereas at the end of September 2006, the Lower Silesian Voivodship had 2,882.3 inhabitants, 7,6% of the population of Poland. In terms of employment, the Lower Silesia region is ranked 5th in Poland (after the Masovian, Silesian, Greater Poland and Lesser Poland Voivodships). The decline in the region's population results not only from negative balance of population growth, but also from increasing migration (to other voivodships and abroad). Over the past few years, the negative migration balance of those who decide not to come back has been ca. 2.5 thousands a year. The Lower Silesian Voivodship stands out with a high level of demographic urbanisation. In 2006, the region's towns and cities held 70.9% of the population. In this respect, the region is ranked 2nd in Poland (after the Silesian Voivodship 78.5%), with the average rate for Poland being 61.4% The population density in the voivodship is 145 persons per sq.km, while in Poland 122 persons per 1 sq.km. In this respect the Lower Silesia region is ranked 3rd in Poland (after the Silesian and Lesser Poland regions) and exceeds the average rate for EU-25 countries (118 per sq.km) as well as for EU-27 (112 per sq.km). The population structure of the Lower Silesian Voivodship shows that the region's population is a little older than the country's average. Increasing is not only the number of people at working age (from thousand in 2000 to thousand in 2006, i.e. by almost 87 thousand), but also the number of people beyond working age. At the end of 2006, the proportion of people before working age in the region was 18.45% (in Poland 20.09%), at working age 65.83% (in Poland 64.21%), and beyond working age 15.71% (in Poland 15.69%). It is predicted that in 2020 the population at working age will constitute 60.3% and beyond working age almost 25% of the total population of the Lower Silesian Voivodship. There is no doubt that this process will have a considerable impact on the socio-economic situation of the region Level of education The structure of the education level of Lower Silesian residents is markedly changing. Data in this respect comes exclusively form research run within the cyclical national census. That is why the presented results concern years 1988 and The proportion of post-primary school graduates is growing: from 56.9% in 1988 to 68.7% in There has also been an increase in the proportion of secondary and post-secondary school graduates (by 8.3 p.p.) and university graduates (by 3.7 p.p.), with a slight decrease in the proportion of basic vocational school graduates (by 0.1%). 14

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