Census 2001 Report on the Welsh language

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1 Census 2001 Report on the Welsh language Laid before Parliament pursuant to Section 4(1) Census Act 1920 Office for National Statistics London: TSO

2 Crown copyright Published with the permission of the Controller of Her Majesty s Stationery Office (HMSO) ISBN This publication, excluding logos, may be reproduced free of charge in any format or medium for research or private study subject to it being reproduced accurately and not used in a misleading context. The material must be acknowledged as crown copyright and the title of the publication specified. This publication can also be accessed at the National Statistics website: A National Statistics publication National Statistics are produced to high professional standards set out in the National Statistics Code of Practice. They undergo regular quality assurance reviews to ensure that they meet customer needs. They are produced free from any political interference. For any other use of this material please apply for a free Click-Use Licence on the HMSO website: or write to HMSO at The Licensing Division, St Clements House, 2-16 Colegate, Norwich NR3 1BQ Fax: or Contact points For enquiries about the 2001 Census or this publication, contact the National Statistics Customer Enquiry Centre on (minicom: ) Fax: Post: Room D115, Government Buildings, Cardiff Road, Newport NP10 8XG About the Office for National Statistics The Office for National Statistics (ONS) is the government agency responsible for compiling, analysing and disseminating many of the United Kingdom s economic, social and demographic statistics, including the retail prices index, trade figures and labour market data, as well as the periodic census of the population and health statistics. It is also the agency that administers the statutory registration of births, marriages and deaths. The Director of ONS is the National Statistician and the Registrar General for England and Wales.

3 Contents Page Foreword v Introduction 1 Information in this report 1 Populations covered in this report 2 Quality of the results 2 Comparison of results with those from the 1991 Census 3 Other Censuses in the UK 3 Further results from the 2001 Census 4 Copyright and reproduction of material from this report 4 Further information 4 List of tables by table number 5 List of tables by table title 6 Tables 7 Notes to tables 65 Maps 67 Thematic maps 68 Reference maps 73 Glossary 95 Appendix A 111 Appendix B 113 iii

4 Foreword Results from the Census are made possible by the co-operation of the public in responding to the Census; by the hard work of the Census field-staff; and by the assistance of many other people and organisations that have supported all aspects of the Census. The Registrar General would like to thank all those who have contributed to the Census. Len Cook Registrar General for England and Wales v

5 Introduction This Report comprises tables containing results on the Welsh language from the 2001 Census. It is published under the authority of, and to meet the requirements of, Section 4(1) of the Census Act It has also been made available on the National Statistics website The tables in this Report form only a small part of the results from the 2001 Census: for details of further results to be published see Further results from the 2001 Census below. Information in this report Boundaries This Report presents Census results for a range of geographical areas, including Communities, Unitary Authorities, National Assembly Regional Committee Areas and Wales as a whole. The boundaries of all areas are those legally in place at the end of Questions included in the Census The results are derived from the information collected from the Census forms. Specimen copies of the Census forms are available on the National Statistics website. All questions included in the 1991 Census were included in the 2001 Census with the exception of questions relating to usual address and whereabouts on Census night (see Populations covered in this report). However, the response categories in some questions, such as ethnic group, were updated. There were also new questions on general health, the provision of unpaid care, time since last paid employment, the size of work force at place of work, supervision of employees, lowest floor level of accommodation and a voluntary question on religion. The Census questions that were asked of all people in Wales covered: sex, date of birth and marital status; relationship to others in the household (where applicable); whether schoolchild/student; country of birth; ethnic group; religion (voluntary); health; provision of unpaid care; and Welsh language. The question on Welsh language was not asked of people outside Wales. Additionally, questions for those aged covered (where applicable): qualifications and professional qualifications; economic activity and employment status; number of employees at place of work; occupation and industry of employment; address of workplace; means of travel to work; and hours worked. In addition, the person filling in the form in each household was asked a number of questions about the household s accommodation: type of accommodation and whether selfcontained; number of rooms; availability of bath/shower and toilet; lowest floor level; presence of central heating; availability of cars or vans; tenure; and landlord (where applicable). Results presented This Report brings together a variety of Census results on Welsh language skills in tables for a range of geographical areas. Corresponding tables for other geographies are available in other Census products. More information on this is provided in Appendix B. Tables KS25 and the supplementary table on Welsh language skills provide information for Unitary Authorities, National Assembly Regional Committee Areas, and Wales as a whole. Areas are listed in broadly geographical order (North West to South East) in their place in this hierarchy. The Welsh Language Profile (WLP01) provides information for Communities, Unitary Authorities, National Assembly Regional Committee Areas, and Wales as a whole. Unitary Authorities and National Assembly Regional Committee Areas are listed in broadly geographical order, with Communities listed 1

6 Introduction Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language alphabetically under their Unitary Authority. Where Communities have less than 100 residents or 40 households, they have been amalgamated with neighbouring Communities within the same Unitary Authority for the purposes of presenting results, and are listed under the amalgamated name. See Notes to Tables for more information. Explanations of terms used in tables are provided in the Glossary. Where a particular explanation is required within a table, this is indicated by a numbered footnote marker and the information is provided in a footnote to the table. More information about the terms used in tables, comparability with the 1991 Census, the Census questions, and response and imputation rates will be made available on the National Statistics website and published in other reports, as described in Further results from the 2001 Census. Populations covered in this report Each table in this Report relates to a group of people or households, referred to as the table population. Many tables relate to the population All people, but other tables relate to subsets of All people, such as People in employment aged 16 74, or to distinct populations such as All households. People In the 2001 Census information was collected only on usual residents. This contrasts to the 1991 Census which collected information on both usual residents and visitors on Census night. A usual resident is generally defined as someone who spends most of their time residing at that address. It includes: People who usually live at that address but are temporarily away from home (on holiday, visiting friends or relatives, or temporarily in a hospital or similar establishment) on Census Day. People who work away from home for part of the time, or are members of the Armed Forces. Students if it is their term-time address A baby born before 30th April even if it is still in hospital. People present on Census Day, even if temporarily, who have no other usual address. However, it does not include: Anyone present on Census Day who has another usual address. Anyone who has been living or intends to live in a special establishment such as a residential home, nursing home or hospital for six months or more. Households A household is defined as one person living alone, or a group of people (not necessarily related) living at the same address with common housekeeping - that is, sharing either a living room or sitting room or at least one meal a day. Communal establishments A communal establishment is defined as an establishment providing managed residential accommodation. Managed means full-time or part-time supervision of the accommodation. In most cases (for example, prisons, large hospitals, hotels) communal establishments can be easily identified. Identification is less easy with small hotels, guest houses and sheltered accommodation. Special rules apply in these cases: Small hotels and guest houses are treated as communal establishments if they have the capacity to have 10 or more guests, excluding the owner/manager and his/her family. Sheltered housing is treated as a communal establishment if less than half the residents possess their own facilities for cooking. If half or more possess their own facilities for cooking (regardless of use) the whole establishment is treated as separate households. More information on the definition of table populations can be found in the Glossary contained in this Report. Quality of the results Methods known as the One Number Census (see Background information on the 2001 Census) were used to ensure that the results of the 2001 Census cover the entire population of England and Wales, and are the most reliable achievable. However, there are a number of sources of potential error in the results. These include: Incorrect information provided on the forms. Sampling error related to estimates derived through the One Number Census process. Errors introduced during processing and imputation. 2

7 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Introduction Some elements of incorrect information were corrected during the edit process (see Background information on the 2001 Census). Following this, the figures were subjected to an extensive quality assurance process, including checks against administrative records and sources of information on particular groups such as students and the Armed Forces. As the Census results, which incorporate an adjustment for under-enumeration through the One Number Census methodology, are estimates based partly on a sample survey, sampling errors can be used as a guide in assessing the accuracy of the results. The sampling error can be used to construct a 95 per cent confidence interval - that is a range in which the user can be 95 per cent confident that the true value lies. For the population of Wales, this confidence interval is 2,903,085 +/- 20,300 (0.7 per cent of the estimated population). An important aspect of the One Number Census methodology is that the estimates are unbiased - that is, that they are not systematically above or below the true value. Further information on coverage and imputation rates for individual questions is available from the National Statistics website. Overall response rates, and estimates of sampling errors, for Local Authority Districts are also available on the website. A detailed report covering a range of aspects of quality of the Census results will be published in Comparison of results with those from the 1991 Census Caution must be exercised when comparing the results of the 2001 Census with those of the 1991 Census as such comparison is affected by three factors. Changes in definition There are a number of differences in definitions and information collected between the 1991 and 2001 Census. More information on this will be made available in the 2001 Census Definitions volume. Changes in the geographic base Changes in geographic boundaries between 1991 and 2001 may mean that results which apparently relate to the same named area actually relate to different boundaries. Information on such boundary changes is available at history.asp on the National Statistics website. Adjustment for under-enumeration As noted above, results of the 2001 Census have been adjusted, via the One Number Census process, to account for under-enumeration. As results of the 1991 Census were not subject to the same methodology, direct comparisons with the 1991 results must be undertaken with caution. Where comparisons between the 1991 and 2001 Census results are required, the effects of the above changes are in most cases minimal but can be further mitigated by comparing differences between percentages calculated from the respective bases in each census rather than measuring the percentage difference between the actual counts at each Census. Other Censuses in the UK Separate Censuses were carried out, on the same day and using similar methodologies, in Scotland and Northern Ireland, under the authority of the respective devolved administration and Registrars General. Information on these Censuses is available from: Scotland General Register Office for Scotland Statistics Division Ladywell House Ladywell Road Edinburgh EH12 7TF Tel: Northern Ireland Census Customer Services Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency McAuley House 2-14 Castle Street Belfast BT1 1SA Tel: (028) Fax: (028)

8 Introduction Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Further results from the 2001 Census A wide range of other results from the 2001 Census are also being published. These provide information for a range of administrative areas and other geographies in common use. Supporting information on the Census, including definitions of Census terms; an evaluation of the quality of Census results; and information on geographies used in the Census results will also be published. Information regarding planned products and proposed release dates, and on commissioning output, is available in the 2001 Census Output Prospectus available at: op.asp or from Census Customer Services Further information Further information on the 2001 Census is available on the National Statistics website at or from Census Customer Services at: Census Customer Services ONS Segensworth Road Titchfield Fareham Hants PO15 5RR Telephone: ++44 (0) Fax: ++44(0) Minicom: ++44(0) Copyright and reproduction of material from this report This publication (excluding the departmental logo) may be reproduced free of charge in any format or medium for research or private study. This is subject to it being reproduced accurately and not used in a misleading context. The material must be acknowledged as Crown copyright and the title of the publication specified. This publication can also be accessed at the National Statistics website at For any other use of this material please apply for a free core Click-Use Licence on the HMSO website at or by writing to HMSO at: The Licensing Division St Clements House 2-16 Colegate Norwich NR3 1BQ Fax: +44 (0)

9 List of tables by table number Page Table KS25 Knowledge of Welsh 7 Table S133 Sex and age by country of birth and knowledge of Welsh 8 Table S134 Sex and knowledge of Welsh and age by migration within Wales 9 Table S135 Migration of Welsh speaking households within Wales by age of Household Reference Person (HRP) and presence of dependent children 10 Table S136 Age of Household Reference Person (HRP) and tenure by knowledge of Welsh of HRP 12 Table S137 Sex and age and limiting long-term illness and general health by knowledge of Welsh 13 Table S138 Sex and occupation by knowledge of Welsh 15 Table S139 Welsh speakers and economic activity and year last worked by age 17 Table S140 Sex and industry by knowledge of Welsh 19 Table S141 Sex and NS-SeC by knowledge of Welsh 20 Table S142 Age and highest level of qualification by knowledge of Welsh 21 Table S143 Children speaking Welsh in Welsh speaking households 22 Table S144 Welsh speaking adults in households by age of youngest dependent child 22 Table S145 Type of communal establishment by knowledge of Welsh 23 Table S146 Sex and ability to speak Welsh and age by migration within Wales 24 Table S147 Age of Household Reference Person (HRP) and tenure by ability to speak Welsh of HRP 26 Table S148 Type of communal establishment by ability to speak Welsh 27 Table T15 Theme table on Welsh language 28 Table T39 Theme table on ability to speak Welsh 34 Supplementary table on Welsh language skills 39 Table WLP01 Welsh language profile 40 5

10 List of tables by table title Page Age and highest level of qualification by knowledge of Welsh 21 Age of Household Reference Person (HRP) and tenure by ability to speak Welsh of HRP 26 Age of Household Reference Person (HRP) and tenure by knowledge of Welsh of HRP 12 Children speaking Welsh in Welsh speaking households 22 Knowledge of Welsh 7 Migration of Welsh speaking households within Wales by age of Household Reference Person (HRP) and presence of dependent children 10 Sex and ability to speak Welsh and age by migration within Wales 24 Sex and age and limiting long-term illness and general health by knowledge of Welsh 13 Sex and age by country of birth and knowledge of Welsh 8 Sex and industry by knowledge of Welsh 19 Sex and knowledge of Welsh and age by migration within Wales 9 Sex and NS-SeC by knowledge of Welsh 20 Sex and occupation by knowledge of Welsh 15 Theme table on ability to speak Welsh 34 Theme table on Welsh language 28 Type of communal establishment by ability to speak Welsh 27 Type of communal establishment by knowledge of Welsh 23 Welsh language profile 40 Welsh language skills 39 Welsh speakers and economic activity and year last worked by age 17 Welsh speaking adults in households by age of youngest dependent child 22 6

11 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table KS25 Table KS25 Knowledge of Welsh All people aged 3 and over Wales Percentage of people aged 3 and over Speaks but does not read or write Welsh Speaks and reads but does not write Welsh Area All people aged 3 and over Understands spoken Welsh only 1 Speaks, reads and writes Welsh Other combination of skills No knowledge of Welsh a b c d e f g h WALES 2,805, Isle of Anglesey 64, Gwynedd 112, Conwy 106, Denbighshire 90, Flintshire 143, Wrexham 124, Powys 122, Ceredigion 72, Pembrokeshire 110, Carmarthenshire 167, Swansea 216, Neath Port Talbot 130, Bridgend 124, The Vale of Glamorgan 115, Rhondda, Cynon, Taff 223, Merthyr Tydfil 54, Caerphilly 163, Blaenau Gwent 67, Torfaen 88, Monmouthshire 82, Newport 131, Cardiff 294, National Assembly Regional Committee areas North Wales 609, Mid Wales 227, South West Wales 624, South East Wales 1,344, Note: 1. Understands spoken Welsh only means the person understands spoken Welsh but has no other skills in the language. 7

12 Table S133 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table S133 Sex and age by country of birth and knowledge of Welsh All people aged 3 and over Wales All people Total Understands spoken Welsh only Speaks but does not read or write Welsh Born in Wales Not born in Wales Speaks and reads but does not write welsh Speaks, reads and writes Welsh Other combination of skills No skills in Welsh Total not born in Wales Understands spoken Welsh only Speaks but does not read or write Welsh Speaks and reads but does not write welsh Speaks, reads and writes Welsh Other combination of skills No skills in Welsh ALL PEOPLE 2,805,701 2,098, ,901 68,678 33, ,569 72,041 1,400, ,020 25,515 10,632 5,355 46,377 11, , ,519 63,053 2,609 8, , ,976 7, , , ,568 6,563 10,148 3,156 45,229 6,034 90,438 23, , , , , ,808 6,841 4,119 2,606 63,930 12,553 75,759 30,168 1, ,794 2,121 14, ,951 31,502 1, ,450 2,528 14,027 6, , , , ,177 5,227 2,085 1,345 30,945 5,142 70,433 31, , , , ,875 5,826 2,416 1,181 22,589 2,885 84,978 49,618 1, , , , ,864 15,344 5,838 3,237 42,086 5, ,546 92,794 3,728 1, ,419 1,118 81, , ,820 25,962 9,787 5,438 61,365 10, , ,320 7,079 2,217 1,172 5,885 1, , , ,287 16,495 7,283 4,198 42,474 9, , ,901 4,663 1, ,535 1, , , ,985 6,173 3,329 2,065 17,861 4,119 73,438 45,939 1, , , , ,641 10,623 6,893 3,965 33,734 6, ,506 73,550 2, , , and over 240, ,101 9,759 7,806 4,746 35,781 5, ,390 66,482 1, , ,336 Males 1,353,858 1,017,223 53,935 33,650 15, ,283 30, , ,635 11,408 4,991 2,372 20,232 5, , ,118 32,250 1,314 4, , ,952 3, , ,750 82,604 3,381 4,988 1,595 21,899 2,996 47,745 12, , , ,975 85,432 3,528 2,065 1,292 30,480 6,183 41,884 15, ,444 1,109 7, ,513 16, ,562 1,250 8,021 3, , , ,662 58,408 2,571 1, ,362 2,190 38,604 15, , , ,382 60,633 2,878 1, ,303 1,220 44,461 23, , , , ,514 7,471 2,918 1,500 19,431 2,276 98,918 44,283 1, , , , ,782 12,658 5,234 2,672 29,001 4, ,084 78,472 3,063 1, , , , ,997 8,128 3,888 2,151 20,659 3,902 95,269 56,788 2, , , ,175 52,369 3,013 1,769 1,050 8,560 1,682 36,295 22, , ,551 88,697 4,880 3,457 1,916 15,647 2,709 60,088 34, , and over 87,896 62,395 3,313 2,724 1,656 12,908 1,781 40,013 25, ,973 Females 1,451,843 1,081,458 58,966 35,028 17, ,286 41, , ,385 14,107 5,641 2,983 26,145 6, , ,401 30,803 1,295 4, , ,024 3, , ,575 78,964 3,182 5,160 1,561 23,330 3,038 42,693 11, , , ,001 80,376 3,313 2,054 1,314 33,450 6,370 33,875 14, ,350 1,012 6, ,438 15, ,888 1,278 6,006 3, , , ,091 56,769 2,656 1, ,583 2,952 31,829 16, , , ,111 59,242 2,948 1, ,286 1,665 40,517 25, , , , ,350 7,873 2,920 1,737 22,655 3, ,628 48,511 2, , , , ,038 13,304 4,553 2,766 32,364 6, ,597 84,848 4,016 1, ,553 1,197 74, , ,290 8,367 3,395 2,047 21,815 5,644 94,022 59,113 2, , , ,749 54,616 3,160 1,560 1,015 9,301 2,437 37,143 23, , , ,944 5,743 3,436 2,049 18,087 4,211 68,418 38,696 1, , , and over 152, ,706 6,446 5,082 3,090 22,873 3,838 70,377 40, ,363 Note: 1. Understands spoken Welsh only means the person understands spoken Welsh but has no other skills in the language. 8

13 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table S134 Table S134 Sex and knowledge of Welsh and age by migration within Wales All people aged 3 and over in area and those having moved from the area to elsewhere inside Wales in the past year (outflow) Wales Lived at same address Lived elsewhere one year ago within same area No usual address one year ago Lived elsewhere one year ago outside the area, but within the associated area Inflow Lived elsewhere one year ago outside the associated area but within Wales Lived elsewhere one year ago outside Wales Outflow Moved out of the area but within the associated area Moved out of the associated area but within Wales ALL PEOPLE 2,501, ,492 18,011 : : 57,858 : : One or more skills in Welsh 726,375 61,136 3,624 : : 6,582 : : ,472 16, : : 1,671 : : ,348 5, : : 312 : : ,449 9, : : 1,311 : : ,068 18,494 1,232 : : 2,102 : : ,746 5, : : 674 : : ,367 1, : : 186 : : ,484 3, : : 278 : : ,441 1, : : 48 : : No skills in Welsh 1,774, ,356 14,387 : : 51,276 : : ,766 23,449 1,701 : : 5,151 : : ,708 11, : : 6,974 : : ,579 34,210 2,445 : : 10,185 : : ,046 63,841 6,155 : : 17,372 : : ,014 18,286 1,816 : : 6,633 : : ,281 3, : : 1,661 : : ,044 9, : : 2,863 : : ,527 2, : : 437 : : Males 1,206, ,556 10,895 : : 28,122 : : One or more skills in Welsh 334,851 27,064 2,035 : : 2,995 : : ,657 7, : : 768 : : ,032 1, : : 127 : : ,720 3, : : 545 : : ,110 8, : : 989 : : ,703 2, : : 328 : : , : : 98 : : ,121 1, : : 132 : : , : : 8 : : No skills in Welsh 391,524 34,072 1,589 : : 3,587 : : ,417 12, : : 2,770 : : ,269 4, : : 2,954 : : ,177 15,434 1,546 : : 4,867 : : ,538 32,825 4,145 : : 8,890 : : ,017 9,385 1,157 : : 3,320 : : ,204 1, : : 869 : : ,278 3, : : 1,339 : : , : : 118 : : Females 1,295, ,936 7,116 : : 29,736 : : One or more skills in Welsh 391,524 34,072 1,589 : : 3,587 : : ,815 8, : : 903 : : ,316 3, : : 185 : : ,729 6, : : 766 : : ,958 9, : : 1,113 : : ,043 2, : : 346 : : , : : 88 : : ,363 1, : : 146 : : , : : 40 : : No skills in Welsh 903,531 85,864 5,527 : : 26,149 : : ,349 10, : : 2,381 : : ,439 6, : : 4,020 : : ,402 18, : : 5,318 : : ,508 31,016 2,010 : : 8,482 : : ,997 8, : : 3,313 : : ,077 1, : : 792 : : ,766 5, : : 1,524 : : ,993 2, : : 319 : : Notes: 1. The term area refers to the particular area level being shown in the table. So, in the case of a table for a ward, this will mean the term area translates to the name of the ward. 2. One year ago is one year before Census day (29 April 2001). 3. One or more skills in Welsh means one or more of the following: understanding spoken Welsh; speaking Welsh; reading Welsh; writing Welsh. 4. Where this table presents results for an Electoral Division, the associated area is the respective Unitary Authority. Where this table presents results for other areas, the associated area is Wales. 9

14 Table S135 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table S135 Migration of Welsh speaking households within Wales by age of Household Reference Person (HRP) and presence of dependent children All Welsh speaking households in area and those having moved from the area to elsewhere inside Wales in the past year (outflow) Wales Wholly moving households Inflow Outflow Whole household lived at same address one year ago Lived elsewhere one year ago; within same area Lived elsewhere one year ago outside the area, but within the associated area Lived elsewhere one year ago outside the associated area but within Wales Lived elsewhere one year ago outside Wales Moved out of the area but within the associated area Moved out of the associated area, but within Wales Partly moving households ALL HOUSEHOLDS 1,058,144 67,947 : : 14,136 : : 68,821 Age of HRP 24 years and under 19,395 11,210 : : 1,238 : : 12,650 No dependent children 8,682 6,847 : : 989 : : 9,837 With dependent children 10,713 4,363 : : 249 : : 2,813 Age of HRP years 130,222 20,183 : : 3,808 : : 19,582 No dependent children 51,861 10,931 : : 2,398 : : 11,848 With dependent children 78,361 9,252 : : 1,410 : : 7,734 Age of HRP years 293,075 19,480 : : 4,088 : : 18,362 No dependent children 109,913 9,229 : : 2,197 : : 8,165 With dependent children 183,162 10,251 : : 1,891 : : 10,197 Age of HRP 50 years and over 615,452 17,074 : : 5,002 : : 18,227 No dependent children 575,260 15,922 : : 4,743 : : 14,673 With dependent children 40,192 1,152 : : 259 : : 3,554 Welsh speaking households 301,019 17,318 : : 1,755 : : 21,631 Age of HRP 24 years and under 4,430 2,320 : : 120 : : 3,642 No dependent children 1,718 1,415 : : 79 : : 2,860 With dependent children 2, : : 41 : : 782 Age of HRP years 41,407 5,469 : : 541 : : 6,113 No dependent children 10,611 2,147 : : 232 : : 3,133 With dependent children 30,796 3,322 : : 309 : : 2,980 Age of HRP years 109,224 6,039 : : 640 : : 6,340 No dependent children 21,109 1,508 : : 175 : : 1,775 With dependent children 88,115 4,531 : : 465 : : 4,565 Age of HRP 50 years and over 145,958 3,490 : : 454 : : 5,536 No dependent children 126,686 2,985 : : 389 : : 3,892 With dependent children 19, : : 65 : : 1,644 Other households 757,125 50,629 : : 12,381 : : 47,190 Age of HRP 24 years and under 14,965 8,890 : : 1,118 : : 9,008 No dependent children 6,964 5,432 : : 910 : : 6,977 With dependent children 8,001 3,458 : : 208 : : 2,031 Notes: 1. The term area refers to the particular area level being shown in the table. So, in the case of a table for a ward, this will mean the term area translates to the name of the ward. 2. One year ago is one year before Census day (29 April 2001). 3. A Welsh speaking household is defined as a household in which one or more people speaks Welsh. 4. Where this table presents results for an Electoral Division, the associated area is the respective Unitary Authority. Where this table presents results for other areas, the associated area is Wales. 5. Partly moving households include households where no household member had a usual address one year ago. 10

15 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table S135 Table S135 Migration of Welsh speaking households within Wales by age of Household Reference Person (HRP) and presence of dependent children - continued All Welsh speaking households in area and those having moved from the area to elsewhere inside Wales in the past year (outflow) Wales Wholly moving households Inflow Outflow Whole household lived at same address one year ago Lived elsewhere one year ago; within same area Lived elsewhere one year ago outside the area, but within the associated area Lived elsewhere one year ago outside the associated area but within Wales Lived elsewhere one year ago outside Wales Moved out of the area but within the associated area Moved out of the associated area, but within Wales Partly moving households Other households - continued Age of HRP years 88,815 14,714 : : 3,267 : : 13,469 No dependent children 41,250 8,784 : : 2,166 : : 8,715 With dependent children 47,565 5,930 : : 1,101 : : 4,754 Age of HRP years 183,851 13,441 : : 3,448 : : 12,022 No dependent children 88,804 7,721 : : 2,022 : : 6,390 With dependent children 95,047 5,720 : : 1,426 : : 5,632 Age of HRP 50 years and over 469,494 13,584 : : 4,548 : : 12,691 No dependent children 448,574 12,937 : : 4,354 : : 10,781 With dependent children 20, : : 194 : : 1,910 Notes: 1. The term area refers to the particular area level being shown in the table. So, in the case of a table for a ward, this will mean the term area translates to the name of the ward. 2. One year ago is one year before Census day (29 April 2001). 3. A Welsh speaking household is defined as a household in which one or more people speaks Welsh. 4. Where this table presents results for an Electoral Division, the associated area is the respective Unitary Authority. Where this table presents results for other areas, the associated area is Wales. 5. Partly moving households include households where no household member had a usual address one year ago. 11

16 Table S136 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table S136 Age of Household Reference Person (HRP) and tenure by knowledge of Welsh of HRP All households All HRPs One or more skills in Welsh Wales No skills in Welsh ALL HOUSEHOLDS 1,209, , ,111 Age of HRP 24 and under 44,493 9,393 35,100 Owned 11,419 2,542 8,877 Rented from council 9,123 1,748 7,375 Other social rented 4, ,256 Private rented or living rent free 19,810 4,218 15,592 Age of HRP ,795 38, ,476 Owned 105,777 24,040 81,737 Rented from council 24,204 4,825 19,379 Other social rented 11,560 2,128 9,432 Private rented or living rent free 32,254 7,326 24,928 Age of HRP ,005 72, ,361 Owned 248,828 55, ,440 Rented from council 39,943 7,653 32,290 Other social rented 14,076 2,326 11,750 Private rented or living rent free 32,158 7,277 24,881 Age of HRP , , ,943 Owned 394,024 99, ,775 Rented from council 62,123 14,240 47,883 Other social rented 14,248 2,524 11,724 Private rented or living rent free 32,109 8,548 23,561 Age of HRP 75 and over 153,251 44, ,231 Owned 102,295 30,004 72,291 Rented from council 30,654 8,245 22,409 Other social rented 6,451 1,387 5,064 Private rented or living rent free 13,851 4,384 9,467 Notes: 1. The terms used to describe tenure are defined as: Owned: either owned outright, owned with a mortgage or loan, or paying rent and part mortgage (shared ownership). Other social rented includes rented from Registered Social Landlord, Housing Association, Housing Co-operative and Charitable Trust. Private rented: renting from a private landlord or letting agency, employer of a household member, or relative or friend of a household member or other person. Living rent free could include households that are living in accommodation other than private rented. 2. One or more skills in Welsh means one or more of the following: understanding spoken Welsh; speaking Welsh; reading Welsh; writing Welsh. 12

17 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table S137 Table S137 Sex and age and limiting long-term illness and general health by knowledge of Welsh All people aged 3 and over All people Understands spoken Welsh only Speaks but does not read or write Welsh Speaks and reads but does not write Welsh Notes: 1. General health refers to health over the 12 months prior to Census day (29 April 2001). 2. Understands spoken Welsh only means the person understands spoken Welsh but has no other skills in the language. Speaks, reads and writes Welsh Other combination of skills ALL PEOPLE 2,805, ,416 79,310 38, ,946 83,661 2,007,984 All people aged 3 15 years 489,771 20,112 26,467 7, ,217 24, ,067 With limiting long-term illness 25,827 1,086 1, ,265 1,235 15,310 Good or fairly good health 21, , ,373 1,052 12,502 Not good health 4, ,808 Without limiting long-term illness 463,944 19,026 24,971 7, ,952 23, ,757 Good or fairly good health 462,421 18,956 24,847 7, ,592 23, ,908 Not good health 1, All people aged years 1,088,556 55,151 20,610 11, ,407 24, ,091 With limiting long-term illness 120,152 6,310 2,765 1,203 11,317 2,483 96,074 Good or fairly good health 67,886 3,539 1, ,110 1,455 53,436 Not good health 52,266 2,771 1, ,207 1,028 42,638 Without limiting long-term illness 968,404 48,841 17,845 10, ,090 22, ,017 Good or fairly good health 952,288 47,939 17,522 10, ,519 21, ,290 Not good health 16, , ,727 All people aged years 722,600 39,219 16,297 9,424 86,596 20, ,874 With limiting long-term illness 230,022 12,837 5,976 3,066 22,838 6, ,768 Good or fairly good health 105,365 5,891 2,774 1,523 12,031 3,374 79,772 Not good health 124,657 6,946 3,202 1,543 10,807 3,163 98,996 Without limiting long-term illness 492,578 26,382 10,321 6,358 63,758 13, ,106 Good or fairly good health 479,622 25,633 10,006 6,200 62,698 13, ,730 Not good health 12, , ,376 All people aged 65 and over 504,774 23,934 15,936 9,355 72,726 13, ,952 With limiting long-term illness 296,925 14,656 10,304 5,735 39,573 7, ,713 Good or fairly good health 156,554 7,721 5,306 3,138 23,036 4, ,705 Not good health 140,371 6,935 4,998 2,597 16,537 3, ,008 Without limiting long-term illness 207,849 9,278 5,632 3,620 33,153 5, ,239 Good or fairly good health 200,445 8,918 5,377 3,492 32,334 5, ,555 Not good health 7, ,684 Males 1,353,858 65,343 38,641 17, ,515 35, ,913 All males aged 3 15 years 251,356 10,380 12,985 3,970 69,016 12, ,665 With limiting long-term illness 15, , ,659 Good or fairly good health 12, , ,950 Not good health 2, ,709 Without limiting long-term illness 235,847 9,731 12,154 3,737 65,580 11, ,006 Good or fairly good health 235,062 9,687 12,093 3,717 65,434 11, ,524 Not good health All males aged years 534,248 26,405 10,352 5,426 69,260 9, ,872 With limiting long-term illness 59,494 3,033 1, , ,276 Good or fairly good health 34,409 1, , ,552 Not good health 25,085 1, , ,724 Without limiting long-term illness 474,754 23,372 8,910 4,882 64,019 8, ,596 Good or fairly good health 468,264 22,993 8,769 4,817 63,464 8, ,393 Not good health 6, ,203 All males aged years 356,807 18,949 8,552 4,708 41,318 8, ,069 With limiting long-term illness 116,866 6,409 3,263 1,577 11,634 2,791 91,192 Good or fairly good health 52,818 2,859 1, ,002 1,410 40,287 Not good health 64,048 3,550 1, ,632 1,381 50,905 Without limiting long-term illness 239,941 12,540 5,289 3,131 29,684 5, ,877 Good or fairly good health 233,996 12,189 5,119 3,067 29,209 5, ,096 Not good health 5, ,781 All males aged 65 and over 211,447 9,609 6,752 3,836 29,921 5, ,307 With limiting long-term illness 122,106 5,844 4,240 2,257 15,659 2,890 91,216 Good or fairly good health 66,354 3,162 2,220 1,278 9,373 1,735 48,586 Not good health 55,752 2,682 2, ,286 1,155 42,630 Wales No skills in Welsh Without limiting long-term illness 89,341 3,765 2,512 1,579 14,262 2,132 65,091 Good or fairly good health 86,431 3,636 2,413 1,529 13,953 2,080 62,820 Not good health 2, ,271 13

18 Table S137 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table S137 Sex and age and limiting long-term illness and general health by knowledge of Welsh - continued All people aged 3 and over All people Understands spoken Welsh only Speaks but does not read or write Welsh Speaks and reads but does not write Welsh Notes: 1. General health refers to health over the 12 months prior to Census day (29 April 2001). 2. Understands spoken Welsh only means the person understands spoken Welsh but has no other skills in the language. Speaks, reads and writes Welsh Other combination of skills Females 1,451,843 73,073 40,669 20, ,431 48,155 1,021,071 All females aged 3 15 years 238,415 9,732 13,482 3,992 76,201 12, ,402 With limiting long-term illness 10, , ,651 Good or fairly good health 8, , ,552 Not good health 1, ,099 Without limiting long-term illness 228,097 9,295 12,817 3,790 73,372 12, ,751 Good or fairly good health 227,359 9,269 12,754 3,779 73,158 12,015 16,384 Not good health All females aged years 554,308 28,746 10,258 6,217 84,147 14, ,219 With limiting long-term illness 60,658 3,277 1, ,076 1,525 47,798 Good or fairly good health 33,477 1, , ,884 Not good health 27,181 1, , ,914 Without limiting long-term illness 493,650 25,469 8,935 5,558 78,071 13, ,421 Good or fairly good health 484,024 24,946 8,753 5,442 77,055 12, ,897 Not good health 9, , ,524 All females years 365,793 20,270 7,745 4,716 45,278 11, ,805 With limiting long-term illness 113,156 6,428 2,713 1,489 11,204 3,746 87,576 Good or fairly good health 52,547 3,032 1, ,029 1,964 39,485 Not good health 60,609 3,396 1, ,175 1,782 48,091 Without limiting long-term illness 252,637 13,842 5,032 3,227 34,074 8, ,229 Good or fairly good health 245,626 13,444 4,887 3,133 33,489 8, ,634 Not good health 7, ,595 All females aged 65 and over 293,327 14,325 9,184 5,519 42,805 8, ,645 With limiting long-term illness 174,819 8,812 6,064 3,478 23,914 5, ,497 Good or fairly good health 90,200 4,559 3,086 1,860 13,663 2,913 64,119 Not good health 84,619 4,253 2,978 1,618 10,251 2,141 63,378 Wales No skills in Welsh Without limiting long-term illness 118,508 5,513 3,120 2,041 18,891 3,795 85,148 Good or fairly good health 114,014 5,282 2,964 1,963 18,381 3,689 81,735 Not good health 4, ,413 14

19 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table S138 Table S138 Sex and occupation by knowledge of Welsh All people aged in employment the week before the Census Wales All people Understands spoken Welsh only Speaks but does not read or write Welsh ALL PEOPLE 1,186,256 64,105 23,964 14, ,072 28, , Managers and senior officials 145,170 8,224 2,750 1,658 15,224 3, , Corporate managers 100,336 5,482 1,751 1,111 9,861 2,239 79, Managers and proprietors in agriculture and services 44,834 2, , , Professional occupations 123,686 7,007 2,364 1,898 24,875 3,912 83, Science and technology professionals 30,757 1, , , Health professionals 11, , , Teaching and research professionals 57,249 3,507 1,249 1,026 15,922 2,231 33, Business and public service professionals 24,428 1, , , Associate professional and technical occupations 151,884 9,197 3,004 1,944 20,628 4, , Science and technology associate professionals 24,981 1, , , Health and social welfare associate professionals 48,022 3,460 1, ,023 1,512 34, Protective service occupations 14, , , Culture, media and sports occupations 16, , , Business and public service associate professionals 47,710 2, ,521 1,183 36, Administrative and secretarial occupations 144,172 7,669 2,418 1,776 19,894 4, , Administrative occupations 109,233 5,871 1,845 1,332 14,986 3,292 81, Secretarial and related occupations 34,939 1, ,908 1,136 26, Skilled trades occupations 159,374 8,585 3,773 1,894 25,775 2, , Skilled agricultural trades 25,740 1, , , Skilled metal and electrical trades 62,439 3,147 1, ,922 1,125 49, Skilled construction and building trades 44,591 2,452 1, , , Textiles, printing and other skilled trades 26,604 1, , , Personal service occupations 88,225 5,240 2,227 1,202 13,764 2,250 63, Caring personal service occupations 65,484 3,961 1, ,652 1,700 46, Leisure and other personal service occupations 22,741 1, , , Sales and customer service occupations 94,704 4,601 1, ,098 2,585 72, Sales occupations 81,197 3,912 1, ,731 2,205 62, Customer service occupations 13, , , Process, plant and machine operatives 120,964 6,130 2,581 1,174 12,529 2,037 96, Process, plant and machine operatives 76,259 3,649 1, ,200 1,325 62, Transport and mobile machine drivers and operatives 44,705 2,481 1, , , Elementary occupations 158,077 7,452 3,221 1,695 19,285 3, , Elementary trades, plant and storage related occupations 60,920 2,762 1, , , Elementary administration and service occupations 97,157 4,690 2,011 1,059 12,115 2,149 75,133 Males 636,452 33,030 13,098 7,350 82,063 12, , Managers and senior officials 92,754 5,017 1, ,051 1,733 74, Corporate managers 66,705 3,483 1, ,139 1,317 53, Managers and proprietors in agriculture and services 26,049 1, , , Professional occupations 69,803 3,596 1, ,029 1,811 51, Science and technology professionals 26,575 1, , , Health professionals 6, , Teaching and research professionals 20,900 1, , , Business and public service professionals 15, , , Associate professional and technical occupations 77,619 4,233 1, ,598 1,751 59, Science and technology associate professionals 19, , , Health and social welfare associate professionals 7, , , Protective service occupations 12, , , Culture, media and sports occupations 10, , , Business and public service associate professionals 27,234 1, , , Administrative and secretarial occupations 31,449 1, , , Administrative occupations 29,892 1, , , Secretarial and related occupations 1, , Skilled trades occupations 142,029 7,520 3,381 1,693 22,321 2, , Skilled agricultural trades 21,054 1, , , Skilled metal and electrical trades 60,955 3,074 1, ,785 1,096 48, Skilled construction and building trades 44,035 2,417 1, , , Textiles, printing and other skilled trades 15, , ,612 Notes: 1. The occupation classification is SOC2000 (Standard Occupation Classification). 2. Understands spoken Welsh only means the person understands spoken Welsh but has no other skills in the language. Speaks and reads but does not write Welsh Speaks, reads and writes Welsh Other combination of skills No skills in Welsh 15

20 Table S138 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table S138 Sex and occupation by knowledge of Welsh - continued All people aged in employment the week before the Census Wales All people Understands spoken Welsh only Speaks but does not read or write Welsh Notes: 1. The occupation classification is SOC2000 (Standard Occupation Classification). 2. Understands spoken Welsh only means the person understands spoken Welsh but has no other skills in the language. Speaks and reads but does not write Welsh Speaks, reads and writes Welsh Other combination of skills Males - continued 6. Personal service occupations 14, , , Caring personal service occupations 7, , , Leisure and other personal service occupations 7, , Sales and customer service occupations 24,522 1, , , Sales occupations 20,792 1, , , Customer service occupations 3, , Process, plant and machine operatives 99,378 5,153 2,189 1,018 10,719 1,597 78, Process, plant and machine operatives 56,795 2,796 1, , , Transport and mobile machine drivers and operatives 42,583 2,357 1, , , Elementary occupations 84,418 3,874 1, ,933 1,380 66, Elementary trades, plant and storage related occupations 48,679 2, , , Elementary administration and service occupations 35,739 1, , ,972 Females 549,804 31,075 10,866 6,853 82,009 15, , Managers and senior officials 52,416 3,207 1, ,173 1,390 39, Corporate managers 33,631 1, , , Managers and proprietors in agriculture and services 18,785 1, , , Professional occupations 53,883 3,411 1, ,846 2,101 32, Science and technology professionals 4, , Health professionals 4, , Teaching and research professionals 36,349 2, ,086 1,560 19, Business and public service professionals 8, , , Associate professional and technical occupations 74,265 4,964 1, ,030 2,297 53, Science and technology associate professionals 5, , Health and social welfare associate professionals 40,049 2, ,018 1,317 28, Protective service occupations 1, , Culture, media and sports occupations 6, , , Business and public service associate professionals 20,476 1, , , Administrative and secretarial occupations 112,723 6,133 1,871 1,403 15,525 3,630 84, Administrative occupations 79,341 4,406 1, ,838 2,539 59, Secretarial and related occupations 33,382 1, ,687 1,091 24, Skilled trades occupations 17,345 1, , , Skilled agricultural trades 4, , , Skilled metal and electrical trades 1, , Skilled construction and building trades Textiles, printing and other skilled trades 10, , , Personal service occupations 73,745 4,352 1, ,822 1,989 52, Caring personal service occupations 58,238 3,478 1, ,626 1,569 41, Leisure and other personal service occupations 15, , , Sales and customer service occupations 70,182 3,388 1, ,997 2,032 53, Sales occupations 60,405 2,863 1, ,023 1,741 46, Customer service occupations 9, , Process, plant and machine operatives 21, , , Process, plant and machine operatives 19, , , Transport and mobile machine drivers and operatives 2, , Elementary occupations 73,659 3,578 1, ,352 1,648 56, Elementary trades, plant and storage related occupations 12, , , Elementary administration and service occupations 61,418 3,035 1, ,875 1,410 47,161 No skills in Welsh 16

21 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table S139 Table S139 Welsh speakers and economic activity and year last worked by age All people aged All people ALL PEOPLE 2,075, ,752 38,194 37,813 33,386 60, , , , , , ,191 In employment 1,145,250 35,346 16,513 18,216 18,934 40, , , ,546 94,078 43,920 18,145 Economically active full-time student 47,759 29,183 4,754 3,646 1,964 1,768 3,149 1, Unemployed 72,481 9,572 2,832 2,678 2,327 3,851 17,774 14,766 11,651 4,471 1, Never worked 6,489 3, , Last worked in ,479 3,034 1, ,439 5,224 4,041 3,182 1, Last worked in ,860 2, , ,299 5,482 4,128 3,296 1, Last worked in , ,005 1,734 1, Last worked in , Last worked in , Last worked in , Last worked in ,256 : ,209 1, Last worked before ,945 : : : : : 606 1,341 1, Economically inactive 809,850 72,651 14,095 13,273 10,161 13,995 74,730 80,973 99,771 78, , ,281 Never worked 109,020 53,649 4,457 3,753 2,812 3,719 13,288 10,575 7,804 3,903 4, Last worked in ,060 6,340 2,370 2,052 1,286 1,535 6,031 5,390 4,657 2,709 2,618 2,072 Last worked in ,522 9,844 4,990 4,730 3,321 3,537 11,813 8,581 9,232 6,699 7,749 6,026 Last worked in ,751 2,004 1,191 1,346 1,097 1,642 8,081 7,031 8,382 6,626 8,411 6,940 Last worked in , ,147 6,399 5,393 7,085 5,712 8,220 7,562 Last worked in , ,602 4,266 5,697 5,296 7,453 7,473 Last worked in , ,003 4,087 5,440 5,260 7,254 9,658 Last worked in ,560 : ,051 12,699 14,283 18,937 17,555 25,876 64,763 Last worked before ,024 : : : : : 7,814 21,367 32,537 24,325 34, ,388 Welsh speakers 347,202 40,547 6,492 6,417 5,998 10,599 57,877 58,838 58,506 28,754 25,482 47,692 In employment 192,059 7,209 3,164 3,459 3,829 7,917 46,212 47,849 44,127 16,219 7,960 4,114 Economically active full-time student 12,657 9, Unemployed 10,074 1, ,384 1,766 1, Never worked Last worked in , Last worked in , Last worked in , Last worked in Last worked in Last worked in Last worked in : Last worked before : : : : : Economically inactive 132,412 22,556 2,005 1,871 1,465 1,838 8,758 8,879 12,613 11,824 17,153 43,450 Never worked 24,054 18, , Last worked in ,303 1, Last worked in ,744 2, , ,246 1,076 1,275 1,138 Last worked in , , , ,327 1,332 Last worked in , ,343 1,396 Last worked in , ,272 1,344 Last worked in , ,292 1,801 Last worked in ,937 : ,513 1,611 2,385 2,714 4,282 11,270 Last worked before ,188 : : : : : 797 2,208 3,903 3,418 5,204 24,658 Non-Welsh speakers 1,728, ,205 31,702 31,396 27,388 49, , , , , , ,499 In employment 953,191 28,137 13,349 14,757 15,105 32, , , ,419 77,859 35,960 14,031 Economically active full-time student 35,102 19,940 3,835 2,968 1,623 1,519 2,626 1, Unemployed 62,407 8,033 2,428 2,269 1,964 3,256 15,390 13,000 10,066 3,819 1, Never worked 5,552 2, , Last worked in ,461 2, ,212 4,528 3,563 2, Last worked in ,960 2, ,097 4,767 3,636 2,889 1, Last worked in , ,703 1,515 1, Last worked in , Last worked in , Last worked in , Last worked in ,623 : , Last worked before ,417 : : : : : 531 1,185 1, Note: 1. Last worked in 2001 means last worked in the four months before Census day (29 April 2001). Wales 17

22 Table S139 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table S139 Welsh speakers and economic activity and year last worked by age - continued All people aged Non-Welsh speakers - continued All people Economically inactive 677,438 50,095 12,090 11,402 8,696 12,157 65,972 72,094 87,158 66,261 89, ,831 Never worked 84,966 35,443 3,758 3,173 2,409 3,331 12,287 9,822 7,071 3,388 3, Last worked in ,757 4,756 2,061 1,775 1,102 1,283 5,180 4,631 3,965 2,207 2,156 1,641 Last worked in ,778 7,623 4,318 4,095 2,844 3,048 10,267 7,612 7,986 5,623 6,474 4,888 Last worked in ,902 1,600 1,003 1, ,373 7,056 6,189 7,235 5,653 7,084 5,608 Last worked in , ,508 4,737 6,108 4,844 6,877 6,166 Last worked in , ,001 3,689 4,881 4,391 6,181 6,129 Last worked in , ,470 3,583 4,726 4,407 5,962 7,857 Last worked in ,623 : ,186 12,672 16,552 14,841 21,594 53,493 Last worked before ,836 : : : : : 7,017 19,159 28,634 20,907 29, ,730 Note: 1. Last worked in 2001 means last worked in the four months before Census day (29 April 2001). Wales 18

23 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table S140 Table S140 Sex and industry by knowledge of Welsh All people aged in employment the week before the Census All people Understands spoken Welsh only Speaks but does not read or write Welsh Speaks and reads but does not write Welsh Speaks, reads and writes Welsh Other combination of skills ALL PEOPLE 1,186,253 64,105 23,963 14, ,072 28, ,654 A. Agriculture, hunting and forestry 29,125 1, , ,284 B. Fishing C. Mining and quarrying 3, ,575 D. Manufacturing 205,709 9,349 3,279 1,685 17,056 3, ,412 E. Electricity, gas and water supply 12, , ,769 F. Construction 84,063 4,575 2,008 1,034 11,703 1,491 63,252 G. Wholesale and retail trade, repairs 193,328 9,856 3,604 2,072 23,833 4, ,498 H. Hotels and restaurants 63,812 3,390 1, ,983 1,487 47,958 I. Transport, storage and communications 65,353 3,605 1, ,258 1,361 50,976 J. Financial intermediation 38,929 1, ,295 1,034 30,695 K. Real estate, renting and business activities 100,816 5,134 1,677 1,125 11,501 2,337 79,042 L. Public administration and defence, social security 80,716 4,965 1,718 1,197 12,470 2,295 58,071 M. Education 96,384 5,695 2,086 1,579 22,740 3,337 60,947 N. Health and social work 154,245 9,795 3,680 2,178 21,465 4, ,908 O, P, Q. Other 57,416 2,992 1, ,976 1,402 41,061 Males 636,452 33,030 13,098 7,350 82,063 12, ,640 A. Agriculture, hunting and forestry 22,264 1, , ,455 B. Fishing C. Mining and quarrying 3, ,354 D. Manufacturing 156,440 7,051 2,486 1,280 12,774 2, ,069 E. Electricity, gas and water supply 8, , ,273 F. Construction 77,243 4,199 1, ,911 1,277 57,998 G. Wholesale and retail trade, repairs 95,006 4,835 1,837 1,070 11,593 1,726 73,945 H. Hotels and restaurants 24,421 1, , ,005 I. Transport, storage and communications 48,330 2,667 1, , ,969 J. Financial intermediation 15, , ,062 K. Real estate, renting and business activities 56,269 2, ,323 1,143 44,270 L. Public administration and defence, social security 41,896 2, ,095 1,002 30,837 M. Education 28,990 1, , ,651 N. Health and social work 30,645 1, , ,079 O, P, Q. Other 27,051 1, , ,513 Females 549,801 31,075 10,865 6,851 82,009 15, ,014 A. Agriculture, hunting and forestry 6, , ,829 B. Fishing C. Mining and quarrying D. Manufacturing 49,269 2, ,282 1,148 40,343 E. Electricity, gas and water supply 3, ,496 F. Construction 6, ,254 G. Wholesale and retail trade, repairs 98,322 5,021 1,767 1,002 12,240 2,739 75,553 H. Hotels and restaurants 39,391 2, ,021 1,012 28,953 I. Transport, storage and communications 17, , ,007 J. Financial intermediation 23,756 1, , ,633 K. Real estate, renting and business activities 44,547 2, ,178 1,194 34,772 L. Public administration and defence, social security 38,820 2, ,375 1,293 27,234 M. Education 67,394 4,149 1,467 1,109 16,859 2,514 41,296 N. Health and social work 123,600 7,989 2,943 1,716 17,558 3,565 89,829 O, P, Q. Other 30,365 1, , ,548 Notes: 1. Other industry includes other community, social and personal service activities, private households with employed persons and extra-territorial organisations and bodies. 2. The industry categorisation is based on the UK Standard Industrial Classifications of Economic Activities 1992 (SIC92). 3. Understands spoken Welsh only means the person understands spoken Welsh but has no other skills in the language. Wales No skills in Welsh 19

24 Table S141 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table S141 Sex and NS-SeC by knowledge of Welsh All people aged All people Understands spoken Welsh only Speaks but does not read or write Welsh Speaks and reads but does not write Welsh Speaks, reads and writes Welsh Other combination of skills ALL PEOPLE 2,075, ,116 44,500 25, ,590 52,553 1,570, Higher managerial and professional occupations 122,656 6,407 2,042 1,578 15,063 3,008 94, Large employers and higher managerial occupations 45,288 2, ,238 1,034 36, Higher professional occupations 77,368 3,999 1,277 1,077 10,825 1,974 58, Lower managerial and professional occupations 333,165 20,123 6,738 4,569 51,576 9, , Intermediate occupations 166,135 8,404 2,903 1,950 22,168 4, , Small employers and own account workers 146,595 8,647 3,754 2,056 24,707 2, , Lower supervisory and technical occupations 161,807 9,079 3,448 1,685 17,948 3, , Semi-routine occupations 254,268 12,613 5,218 2,614 28,939 5, , Routine occupations 206,358 9,633 4,518 2,042 20,993 3, , Never worked or long-term unemployed 79,482 3,406 1, ,508 1,232 65,796 L14.1 Never worked 56,822 2,131 1, , ,121 L14.2 Long-term unemployed 22,660 1, , ,675 Not classified 604,881 28,804 14,007 8,235 87,688 18, ,432 L15. Full-time students 150,263 6,292 2,307 1,623 35,039 5,908 99,094 L17. Not classifiable for other reasons 454,618 22,512 11,700 6,612 52,649 12, ,338 Males 1,014,606 51,162 22,723 12, ,073 21, , Higher managerial and professional occupations 88,429 4,370 1,454 1,031 10,279 2,052 69, Large employers and higher managerial occupations 33,057 1, , , Higher professional occupations 55,372 2, ,401 1,357 42, Lower managerial and professional occupations 155,685 8,694 3,014 2,020 20,674 3, , Intermediate occupations 43,494 2, ,628 1,011 33, Small employers and own account workers 104,431 6,031 2,875 1,498 18,007 1,657 74, Lower supervisory and technical occupations 116,615 6,353 2,478 1,178 12,422 2,205 91, Semi-routine occupations 92,129 4,357 1, ,603 1,538 73, Routine occupations 124,251 5,803 2,805 1,250 12,793 1,743 99, Never worked or long-term unemployed 32,977 1, , ,305 L14.1 Never worked 18, , ,024 L14.2 Long-term unemployed 14, , ,281 Not classified 256,595 11,984 6,477 3,607 35,052 6, ,623 L15. Full-time students 70,392 2,842 1, ,046 2,524 49,207 L17. Not classifiable for other reasons 186,203 9,142 5,442 2,869 21,006 4, ,416 Females 1,060,741 55,954 21,777 13, ,517 31, , Higher managerial and professional occupations 34,227 2, , , Large employers and higher managerial occupations 12, , , Higher professional occupations 21,996 1, , , Lower managerial and professional occupations 177,480 11,429 3,724 2,549 30,902 6, , Intermediate occupations 122,641 6,308 2,049 1,478 16,540 3,790 92, Small employers and own account workers 42,164 2, ,700 1,161 30, Lower supervisory and technical occupations 45,192 2, ,526 1,170 34, Semi-routine occupations 162,139 8,256 3,306 1,721 19,336 3, , Routine occupations 82,107 3,830 1, ,200 1,632 65, Never worked or long-term unemployed 46,505 1,932 1, , ,491 L14.1 Never worked 38,106 1, , ,097 L14.2 Long-term unemployed 8, ,394 Notes: 1. NS-SeC stands for National Statistics Socio-economic Classification. 2. In the NS-SeC classification, all full-time students are recorded in the full-time students category regardless of whether they are economically active or not. 3. For long-term unemployed year last worked is 1999 or earlier. 4. Not classifiable for other reasons includes people whose occupation has not been coded and those who cannot be allocated to an NS-SeC category. 5. Understands spoken Welsh only means the person understands spoken Welsh but has no other skills in the language. Wales No skills in Welsh Not classified 348,286 16,820 7,530 4,628 52,636 11, ,809 L15. Full-time students 79,871 3,450 1, ,993 3,384 49,887 L17. Not classifiable for other reasons 268,415 13,370 6,258 3,743 31,643 8, ,922 20

25 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table S142 Table S142 Age and highest level of qualification by knowledge of Welsh All people aged All people Understands spoken Welsh only Speaks but does not read or write Welsh Speaks and reads but does not write Welsh Speaks, reads and writes Welsh Other combination of skills ALL PEOPLE 2,075, ,116 44,500 25, ,590 52,553 1,570, ,246 13,420 5,392 3,093 61,006 9, ,677 No qualifications 56,758 1, ,384 1,837 41,103 Level 1 47,954 2, ,504 1,144 35,689 Level 2 107,593 5,029 1,981 1,217 25,091 4,026 70,249 Level 3 67,814 2, ,155 1,700 50,940 Level 4/5 30,089 1, , ,926 Other qualifications/level unknown 6, , ,658 19,072 7,080 4,012 46,505 6, ,058 No qualifications 59,110 2,237 1, , ,878 Level 1 89,771 4,412 1, ,333 1,624 70,769 Level 2 84,861 5,159 1,752 1,051 11,735 1,894 63,270 Level 3 27,639 1, , ,697 Level 4/5 85,966 4,744 1,592 1,165 15,151 1,991 61,323 Other qualifications/level unknown 17, , , ,652 22,659 8,138 4,538 45,896 8, ,356 No qualifications 97,721 4,053 2, , ,319 Level 1 91,798 4,824 1, ,148 1,765 73,488 Level 2 90,655 5,805 1,732 1,082 12,026 2,285 67,725 Level 3 21,673 1, , ,313 Level 4/5 83,824 5,431 1,739 1,284 13,479 2,306 59,585 Other qualifications/level unknown 21,981 1, , , ,834 21,788 8,266 4,658 45,364 10, ,654 No qualifications 137,110 6,085 3,096 1,323 11,984 1, ,730 Level 1 52,649 2, ,284 1,655 41,330 Level 2 64,807 4,124 1, ,611 2,295 47,723 Level 3 17,107 1, , ,921 Level 4/5 77,208 5,037 1,650 1,288 13,488 2,767 52,978 Other qualifications/level unknown 43,953 2, , , ,842 9,752 4,228 2,414 21,999 5, ,095 No qualifications 81,723 3,929 2,137 1,011 8,523 1,535 64,588 Level 1 17,812 1, , ,656 Level 2 23,194 1, ,370 1,065 16,464 Level 3 5, ,792 Level 4/5 27,650 1, ,360 1,213 18,162 Other qualifications/level unknown 21,243 1, , , ,924 7,679 3,803 2,352 19,233 4, ,125 No qualifications 84,059 3,806 2,244 1,154 8,987 1,821 66,047 Level 1 11, , ,837 Level 2 15, , ,681 Level 3 3, ,363 Level 4/5 22,095 1, ,483 1,075 14,357 Other qualifications/level unknown 16, , , ,191 12,746 7,593 4,330 35,587 7, ,226 No qualifications 168,887 7,638 5,173 2,669 20,222 3, ,383 Level 1 9, , ,819 Level 2 24,158 1, , ,045 Level 3 5, ,876 Level 4/5 34,078 1, ,252 1,573 21,949 Other qualifications/level unknown 22,608 1, , ,154 Wales No skills in Welsh Notes: 1. The highest level of qualification variable uses both the educational and vocational qualifications question, and the professional qualifications question. No qualifications: No academic, vocational or professional qualifications. Level 1: 1+ O levels/cse/gcse (any grade), NVQ level 1, Foundation GNVQ. Level 2: 5+ O levels, 5+ CSEs (grade 1), 5+ GCSEs (grade A C), School Certificate, 1+ A levels/ AS levels, NVQ level 2, Intermediate GNVQ or equivalents. Level 3: 2+ A levels, 4+ AS levels, Higher School Certificate, NVQ level 3, Advanced GNVQ or equivalents. Level 4/5: First degree, Higher Degree, NVQ levels 4 5, HNC, HND, Qualified Teacher Status, Qualified Medical Doctor, Qualified Dentist, Qualified Nurse, Midwife, Health Visitor or equivalents. Other qualifications/level unknown: Other qualifications (e.g. City and Guilds, RSA/OCR, BTEC/Edexcel), Other Professional Qualifications. 2. Understands spoken Welsh only means the person understands spoken Welsh but has no other skills in the language. 21

26 Table S143 and S144 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table S143 Children speaking Welsh in Welsh speaking households All dependent children aged 3 and over in households Wales Welsh speaking children Non-Welsh speaking children All Aged 3 4 Aged 5 11 Aged Aged Aged 3 4 Aged 5 11 Aged Aged ALL HOUSEHOLDS 561,253 13, ,371 69,688 26,182 57, ,031 85,356 46,135 One family and no others 523,231 12,460 95,302 65,179 24,794 53, ,529 78,331 43,514 Couple households 395,045 9,956 72,940 50,451 19,599 39, ,554 57,444 33,397 No Welsh speaking adults 303,868 3,244 41,189 31,170 9,904 34, ,235 52,452 30,095 1 Welsh speaking adult 52,753 2,822 15,665 9,502 4,235 4,261 9,039 4,404 2,825 2 Welsh speaking adults 34,961 3,820 15,436 8,432 4, , Other 3, ,347 1, Lone parent households 128,186 2,504 22,362 14,728 5,195 13,418 38,975 20,887 10,117 No Welsh speaking adult 111,575 1,358 16,447 11,070 3,329 12,490 37,283 19,997 9,601 1 Welsh speaking adult 15,650 1,134 5,730 3,292 1, , Other Other households 38, ,069 4,509 1,388 4,132 11,502 7,025 2,621 No Welsh speaking adult 28, ,455 2, ,517 10,156 6,222 2,224 All adults speak Welsh 2, , Other 6, ,600 1, , Note: 1. A dependent child is a person in a household aged 0 15 (whether or not in a family) or a person aged who is a full-time student in a family with parent(s). An adult in a household is defined as a person who is not a dependent child. Table S144 Welsh speaking adults in households by age of youngest dependent child All households Wales Dependent children All households No dependent children Youngest dependent child aged 0 4 Youngest dependent child aged 5 11 Youngest dependent child aged Youngest dependent child aged ALL HOUSEHOLDS 1,209, , , ,659 66,074 32,583 One family and no others 668, , , ,690 61,387 30,838 Couple households 539, ,645 95,652 88,214 44,678 23,307 No Welsh speaking adults 413, ,179 72,849 68,461 34,267 17,263 1 Welsh speaking adult 70,700 36,107 13,784 11,710 5,861 3,238 2 Welsh speaking adults 44,050 22,252 8,838 7,509 3,532 1,919 Other 11,727 9, , Lone parent households 128,608 40,643 29,249 34,476 16,709 7,531 No Welsh speaking adult 106,639 30,727 25,397 29,966 14,353 6,196 1 Welsh speaking adult 15,850 4,556 3,804 4,341 2,054 1,095 Other 6,119 5, Other households 540, ,207 10,336 8,969 4,687 1,745 No Welsh speaking adult 431, ,875 7,924 6,799 3,413 1,167 All adults speak Welsh 83,467 81, Other 26,299 21,655 1,727 1, Note: 1. A dependent child is a person in a household aged 0 15 (whether or not in a family) or a person aged who is a full-time student in a family with parent(s). An adult in a household is defined as a person who is not a dependent child. 22

27 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table S145 Table S145 Type of communal establishment by knowledge of Welsh All people in communal establishments aged 3 and over Wales One or more skills in Welsh No skills in Welsh All people Residents (non-staff) Resident staff and families Residents (non-staff) Resident staff and families ALL PEOPLE 43,524 8, ,168 3,002 Medical and care establishments 24,688 5, ,059 2,266 NHS 2, , Psychiatric hospital/home Other hospital home 1, , Local Authority 4,017 1, , Children s home Nursing home Residential care home 3,788 1, , Other home Housing association Home or hostel Other 18,173 3, ,014 1,679 Nursing home 9,158 1, , Residential care home 7,912 1, , Children s home Psychiatric hospital/home Other hospital Other medical and care home Other establishments 18,836 2, , Defence establishments (including ships) Prison service establishments 1, , Probation/bail hostel Education establishments (including halls of residence) 11,985 1, , Hotel, boarding house, guest house Hostel (including youth hostels, hostels for the homeless and people sleeping rough) Civilian ship, boat or barge Other 3, , Note: 1. One or more skills in Welsh means one or more of the following: understanding spoken Welsh; speaking Welsh; reading Welsh; writing Welsh. 23

28 Table S146 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table S146 Sex and ability to speak Welsh and age by migration within Wales All people aged 3 and over in area and those having moved from the area to elsewhere inside Wales in the past year (outflow) Wales Inflow Outflow Lived at same address Lived elsewhere one year ago within same area No usual address one year ago Lived elsewhere one year ago outside the area, but within the associated area Lived elsewhere one year ago outside the associated area but within Wales Lived elsewhere one year ago outside Wales Moved out of the area, but within associated area Moved out of associated area, but within Wales ALL PEOPLE 2,501, ,492 18,011 : : 57,858 : : Speaks Welsh 530,607 44,840 2,403 : : 4,518 : : ,913 13, : : 1,297 : : ,861 4, : : 228 : : ,990 7, : : 886 : : ,059 12, : : 1,376 : : ,456 3, : : 404 : : , : : 113 : : ,964 2, : : 177 : : , : : 37 : : Does not speak Welsh 1,970, ,652 15,608 : : 53,340 : : ,325 26,624 1,890 : : 5,525 : : ,195 13, : : 7,058 : : ,038 36,690 2,643 : : 10,610 : : ,055 69,840 6,602 : : 18,098 : : ,304 20,208 2,001 : : 6,903 : : ,078 4, : : 1,734 : : ,564 10,109 1,058 : : 2,964 : : ,174 2, : : 448 : : Males 1,206, ,556 10,895 : : 28,122 : : Speaks Welsh 246,113 19,663 1,343 : : 2,041 : : ,027 6, : : 604 : : ,056 1, : : 91 : : ,113 2, : : 351 : : ,193 5, : : 646 : : ,470 1, : : 192 : : , : : 62 : : , : : 87 : : , : : 8 : : Does not speak Welsh 960,172 88,893 9,552 : : 26,081 : : ,047 14,146 1,023 : : 2,934 : : ,245 5, : : 2,990 : : ,784 16,419 1,662 : : 5,061 : : ,455 35,724 4,430 : : 9,233 : : ,250 10,297 1,264 : : 3,456 : : Notes: 1. The term area refers to the particular area level being shown in the table. So, in the case of a table for a ward, this will mean the term area translates to the name of the ward. 2. One year ago is one year before Census day (29 April 2001). 3. Where this table presents results for an Electoral Division, the associated area is the respective Unitary Authority. Where this table presents results for other areas, the associated area is Wales. 24

29 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table S146 Table S146 Sex and ability to speak Welsh and age by migration within Wales - continued All people aged 3 and over in area and those having moved from the area to elsewhere inside Wales in the past year (outflow) Wales Inflow Outflow Lived at same address Lived elsewhere one year ago within same area No usual address one year ago Lived elsewhere one year ago outside the area, but within the associated area Lived elsewhere one year ago outside the associated area but within Wales Lived elsewhere one year ago outside Wales Moved out of the area, but within associated area Moved out of associated area, but within Wales Does not speak Welsh - continued ,527 2, : : 905 : : ,439 4, : : 1,384 : : , : : 118 : : Females 1,295, ,936 7,116 : : 29,736 : : Speaks Welsh 284,494 25,177 1,060 : : 2,477 : : ,886 7, : : 693 : : ,805 2, : : 137 : : ,877 4, : : 535 : : ,866 6, : : 730 : : ,986 1, : : 212 : : , : : 51 : : ,004 1, : : 90 : : , : : 29 : : Does not speak Welsh 1,010,561 94,759 6,056 : : 27,259 : : ,278 12, : : 2,591 : : ,950 7, : : 4,068 : : ,254 20, : : 5,549 : : ,600 34,116 2,172 : : 8,865 : : ,054 9, : : 3,447 : : ,551 2, : : 829 : : ,125 5, : : 1,580 : : ,749 2, : : 330 : : Notes: 1. The term area refers to the particular area level being shown in the table. So, in the case of a table for a ward, this will mean the term area translates to the name of the ward. 2. One year ago is one year before Census day (29 April 2001). 3. Where this table presents results for an Electoral Division, the associated area is the respective Unitary Authority. Where this table presents results for other areas, the associated area is Wales. 25

30 Table S147 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table S147 Age of Household Reference Person (HRP) and tenure by ability to speak Welsh of HRP All households Wales All HRPs Speaks Welsh Does not speak Welsh ALL HOUSEHOLDS 1,209, ,259 1,012,789 Age of HRP 24 and under 44,493 6,745 37,748 Owned 11,419 1,851 9,568 Rented from council 9,123 1,205 7,918 Other social rented 4, ,532 Private rented or living rent free 19,810 3,080 16,730 Age of HRP ,795 25, ,991 Owned 105,777 16,295 89,482 Rented from council 24,204 3,170 21,034 Other social rented 11,560 1,369 10,191 Private rented or living rent free 32,254 4,970 27,284 Age of HRP ,005 47, ,973 Owned 248,828 36, ,727 Rented from council 39,943 4,798 35,145 Other social rented 14,076 1,398 12,678 Private rented or living rent free 32,158 4,735 27,423 Age of HRP ,504 84, ,331 Owned 394,024 66, ,198 Rented from council 62,123 9,794 52,329 Other social rented 14,248 1,513 12,735 Private rented or living rent free 32,109 6,040 26,069 Age of HRP 75 and over 153,251 32, ,746 Owned 102,295 22,039 80,256 Rented from council 30,654 6,181 24,473 Other social rented 6, ,525 Private rented or living rent free 13,851 3,359 10,492 Note: 1. The terms used to describe tenure are defined as: Owned: either owned outright, owned with a mortgage or loan, or paying rent and part mortgage (shared ownership). Other social rented includes rented from Registered Social Landlord, Housing Association, Housing Co-operative and Charitable Trust. Private rented: renting from a private landlord or letting agency, employer of a household member, or relative or friend of a household member or other person. Living rent free could include households that are living in accommodation other than private rented. 26

31 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table S148 Table S148 Type of communal establishment by ability to speak Welsh All people in communal establishments aged 3 and over Wales All Speaks Welsh Residents (non-staff) Resident staff and families Does not speak Welsh Residents (non-staff) Resident staff and families ALL PEOPLE 43,523 6, ,048 3,169 Medical and care establishments 24,688 4, ,277 2,385 NHS 2, , Psychiatric hospital/home Other hospital home 1, , Local Authority 4,017 1, , Children s home Nursing home Residential care home 3,788 1, , Other home Housing association Home or hostel Other 18,171 3, ,859 1,768 Nursing home 9,158 1, , Residential care home 7,912 1, , Children s home Psychiatric hospital/home Other hospital Other medical and care home Other establishments 18,835 2, , Defence establishments (including ships) Prison service establishments 1, , Probation/bail hostel Education establishments (including halls of residence) 11,985 1, , Hotel, boarding house, guest house Hostel (including youth hostels, hostels for the homeless and people sleeping rough) Civilian ship, boat or barge Other 3, ,

32 Table T15 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table T15 Theme table on Welsh Language All people aged 3 and over All people Age in years One or more skills in Welsh and over ALL PEOPLE 2,805,701 16, ,462 52, , ,726 67,965 67,857 Males 1,353,858 7, ,837 23,212 98,164 81,738 31,230 23,910 Females 1,451,843 8, ,625 29, ,806 89,988 36,735 43,947 Accommodation type Household in unshared accommodation 2,760,166 16, ,284 51, , ,231 67,353 62,012 House or bungalow 2,562,782 15, ,978 48, , ,767 63,085 55,095 Flat, maisonette or apartment 189, ,936 2,137 13,414 7,932 4,109 6,803 Caravan or other mobile or temporary structure 8, Household in shared accommodation 2, Communal establishment 43, ,304 1, ,743 Medical and care establishment 24, ,306 Other type of establishment 18, , Occupancy rating +2 or more 1,461,299 7,554 85,466 20, , ,245 50,005 40, ,377 4,599 57,951 12,820 56,593 32,429 12,120 13, ,442 3,229 49,136 11,977 36,366 14,218 4,216 6,021-1 or less 158, ,772 5,964 11,675 4,413 1,042 1,505 Living in a communal establishment 43, ,304 1, ,743 Amenities Sole use of bath/shower and toilet 2,754,669 16, ,013 51, , ,735 67,096 61,648 Does not have sole use of bath/shower and toilet 7, Living in a communal establishment 43, ,304 1, ,743 Central heating Accommodation has central heating 2,582,820 15, ,046 47, , ,377 59,676 53,306 Accommodation does not have central heating 179,358 1,200 13,279 3,968 19,371 15,928 7,707 8,808 Living in a communal establishment 43, ,304 1, ,743 Car or van availability No car or van in household 515,465 2,246 30,631 6,412 22,152 16,848 14,601 30,258 One or more cars or vans in household 2,246,713 13, ,694 44, , ,457 52,782 31,856 Living in a communal establishment 43, ,304 1, ,743 Living arrangements Living in a couple 1,379, , , ,265 43,899 23,039 Married or re-married 1,179, , ,636 42,881 22,565 Cohabiting 199, ,423 32,772 7,629 1, Not living in a couple 1,426,235 16, ,453 50,911 88,262 40,461 24,066 44,818 Single (never married) 988,411 16, ,313 49,518 70,144 12,500 4,879 5,344 Married or re-married 15, ,206 1, Separated (but still legally married) 35, ,787 2, Widowed 196, ,596 14,456 31,348 Divorced 145, ,289 16,012 3,323 1,338 Living in a communal establishment 43, ,304 1, ,743 Family type Lone parent family 351,583 3,586 51,444 10,963 26,802 11,397 2,778 3,987 Married couple family 1,681,654 10, ,489 33, , ,407 42,889 22,572 Cohabiting couple family 260,683 2,283 19,281 3,873 33,852 7,645 1, Not living in a family but with others in the household 115, ,102 1,994 10,921 4,165 2,533 4,719 Not living in a family but living alone 352, ,564 23,691 18,165 30,362 Living in a communal establishment 43, ,304 1, ,743 Notes: 1. One or more skills in Welsh means one or more of the following: understanding spoken Welsh; speaking Welsh; reading Welsh; writing Welsh. 2. General health refers to health over the 12 months prior to Census day (29 April 2001). 3. Other industry includes other community, social and personal service activities, private households with employed persons and extra-territorial organisations and bodies. 4. In the NS-SeC classification, all full-time students are recorded in the full-time students category regardless of whether they are economically active or not. 5. Not classifiable for other reasons includes people whose occupation has not been coded and those who cannot be allocated to an NS-SeC category. 6. The occupancy rating provides a measure of under-occupancy and overcrowding. For example a value of -1 implies that there is one room too few and that there is overcrowding in the household. The occupancy rating assumes that every household, including one person households, requires a minimum of two common rooms (excluding bathrooms). 7. The term no qualifications describes people without any academic, vocational or professional qualifications. The term lower level qualifications is used to describe qualifications equivalent to levels 1 3 of the National Key Learning targets (i.e. GCSE s, O levels, A levels NVQ levels 1 3). The term higher level refers to qualifications of levels 4 and above (i.e. first degrees, higher degrees, NVQ levels 4 and 5, HND, HNC and certain professional qualifications). 8. Car or van availability includes any company car or van if available for private use. 28

33 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table T15 Wales Age in years No skills in Welsh and over 54, ,790 94, , , , ,726 ALL PEOPLE 28, ,401 50, , ,069 92,321 63,986 Males 26,013 96,389 43, , , , ,740 Females Accommodation type 54, ,057 87, , , , ,503 Household in unshared accommodation 51, ,124 81, , , , ,379 House or bungalow 2,225 5,510 5,991 57,786 35,613 17,962 24,481 Flat, maisonette or apartment ,464 2,279 1, Caravan or other mobile or temporary structure Household in shared accommodation ,228 8,751 2,392 2,107 13,996 Communal establishment ,626 1,521 1,812 13,075 Medical and care establishment ,084 7, Other type of establishment Occupancy rating 21,824 80,400 28, , , ,130 95, or more 15,832 58,741 22, , ,747 40,524 38, ,556 51,457 23, ,903 56,849 16,051 20, ,039 19,523 13,372 52,223 18,282 4,414 4,979-1 or less ,228 8,751 2,392 2,107 13,996 Living in a communal establishment Amenities 54, ,779 87, , , , ,075 Sole use of bath/shower and toilet ,931 1, Does not have sole use of bath/shower and toilet ,228 8,751 2,392 2,107 13,996 Living in a communal establishment Central heating 52, ,100 83, , , , ,658 Accommodation has central heating 2,144 8,021 4,361 34,724 30,951 13,824 15,072 Accommodation does not have central heating ,228 8,751 2,392 2,107 13,996 Living in a communal establishment Car or van availability 11,693 39,897 17, ,823 74,911 53,111 81,628 No car or van in household 42, ,224 70, , , ,008 77,102 One or more cars or vans in household ,228 8,751 2,392 2,107 13,996 Living in a communal establishment Living arrangements , , , ,290 64,002 Living in a couple , , ,449 62,290 Married or re-married , ,763 28,976 3,841 1,712 Cohabiting 54, ,759 89, , ,490 66, ,724 Not living in a couple 54, ,083 83, ,268 33,030 10,355 9,066 Single (never married) ,754 3,667 1,386 2,143 Married or re-married ,511 9,910 1, Separated (but still legally married) ,266 22,363 39,898 78,288 Widowed ,367 55,127 11,641 4,650 Divorced ,228 8,753 2,393 2,107 13,996 Living in a communal establishment Family type 14,590 56,203 20,152 96,464 35,485 7,705 10,027 Lone parent family 31, ,485 51, , , ,474 62,307 Married couple family 8,048 20,196 8, ,316 29,047 3,842 1,712 Cohabiting couple family 573 3,222 6,536 46,009 13,831 7,596 11,603 Not living in a family but with others in the household ,653 63,510 72,258 49,502 73,081 Not living in a family but living alone ,228 8,751 2,392 2,107 13,996 Living in a communal establishment 29

34 Table T15 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table T15 Theme table on Welsh language - continued All people aged 3 and over All people Age in years One or more skills in Welsh and over Economic activity Economically active 1,265,497 : : 23, , ,265 5,669 : Employee 985,748 : : 9, ,722 80,273 2,407 : Self-employed 159,502 : : ,384 22,546 3,067 : Unemployed 72,488 : : 2,124 9,044 4, : Full-time student 47,759 : : 11,978 4, : Economically inactive 809,850 : : 28,726 37,514 64,461 62,296 : Retired 307,355 : : ,845 54,273 : Student 106,220 : : 27,039 7, : Looking after home family 132,627 : : ,091 9, : Permanently sick or disabled 191,342 : : 185 8,605 25,617 5,008 : Other 72,306 : : 813 5,944 5,125 1,918 : Not aged ,354 16, ,462 : : : : 67,857 Country of birth Born in Wales 2,098,681 15, ,654 44, , ,001 62,135 63,711 Born outside Wales 707,020 1,165 29,808 7,751 29,074 21,725 5,830 4,146 Ethnic group White 2,747,819 15, ,375 51, , ,225 67,804 67,692 Mixed 16, , Asian or Asian British 23, , Black or Black British 6, Chinese or other ethnic group 11, General health Good health 1,801,965 14, ,181 46, ,860 96,394 26,423 17,757 Fairly good health 644,042 1,478 15,211 5,261 37,006 47,091 26,916 28,643 Not good health 359, , ,104 28,241 14,626 21,457 Limiting long-term illness Has a limiting long-term illness 672, ,935 2,457 21,621 51,254 32,695 45,517 Does not have a limiting long-term illness 2,132,775 15, ,527 50, , ,472 35,270 22,340 Highest level of qualification No qualifications 685,368 : : 12,857 25,432 59,527 39,504 : Level 1 320,940 : : 7,015 42,562 18,315 2,460 : Level 2 410,544 : : 25,675 56,190 28,409 7,113 : Level 3 147,853 : : 5,702 23,474 6,470 1,305 : Level 4/5 360,910 : : ,383 41,456 12,129 : Other qualification/level unknown 149,732 : : 584 7,929 17,549 5,454 : Not aged ,354 16, ,462 : : : : 67,857 Occupation 1. Managers and senior officials 145,170 : : ,767 13, : 2. Professional occupations 123,686 : : ,179 16, : 3. Associate professional and technical occupations 151,884 : : ,437 12, : 4. Administrative and secretarial occupations 144,172 : : 1,573 22,029 12, : 5. Skilled trades occupations 159,374 : : 2,346 22,919 15,970 1,639 : 6. Personal service occupations 88,225 : : 1,869 14,566 7, : 7. Sales and customer service occupations 94,704 : : 5,780 10,830 4, : 8. Process, plant and machine operatives 120,964 : : 1,003 13,854 9, : 9. Elementary occupations 158,077 : : 5,854 17,341 10, : Not currently working 889,091 : : 32,510 47,048 68,526 62,470 : Not aged ,354 16, ,462 : : : : 67,857 Notes: 1. One or more skills in Welsh means one or more of the following: understanding spoken Welsh; speaking Welsh; reading Welsh; writing Welsh. 2. General health refers to health over the 12 months prior to Census day (29 April 2001). 3. Other industry includes other community, social and personal service activities, private households with employed persons and extra-territorial organisations and bodies. 4. In the NS-SeC classification, all full-time students are recorded in the full-time students category regardless of whether they are economically active or not. 5. Not classifiable for other reasons includes people whose occupation has not been coded and those who cannot be allocated to an NS-SeC category. 6. The occupancy rating provides a measure of under-occupancy and overcrowding. For example a value of -1 implies that there is one room too few and that there is overcrowding in the household. The occupancy rating assumes that every household, including one person households, requires a minimum of two common rooms (excluding bathrooms). 7. The term no qualifications describes people without any academic, vocational or professional qualifications. The term lower level qualifications is used to describe qualifications equivalent to levels 1 3 of the National Key Learning targets (i.e. GCSE s, O levels, A levels NVQ levels 1 3). The term higher level refers to qualifications of levels 4 and above (i.e. first degrees, higher degrees, NVQ levels 4 and 5, HND, HNC and certain professional qualifications). 8. Car or van availability includes any company car or van if available for private use. 30

35 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table T15 Wales Age in years No skills in Welsh and over Economic activity : : 50, , ,644 13,241 : Economically active : : 25, , ,703 7,127 : Employee : : ,239 57,022 5,544 : Self-employed : : 7,449 35,190 14, : Unemployed : : 17,205 12, : Full-time student : : 43, , , ,985 : Economically inactive : : , ,865 : Retired : : 37,554 31,700 1, : Student : : 2,198 67,192 34,770 2,346 : Looking after home family : : ,445 93,833 15,707 : Permanently sick or disabled : : 3,145 28,574 20,979 5,808 : Other 54, ,790 : : : : 172,726 Not aged Country of birth 47, ,224 70, , , , ,390 Born in Wales 6,301 30,566 23, , ,061 67,720 62,336 Born outside Wales Ethnic group 52, ,532 90, , , , ,715 White 912 3,039 1,122 4,727 1, Mixed 904 3,271 1,618 10,295 3, Asian or Asian British ,897 1, Black or Black British 281 1, ,629 1, Chinese or other ethnic group General health 48, ,326 80, , ,068 67,375 42,381 Good health 5,015 15,663 11, , ,434 77,834 69,670 Fairly good health 856 2,801 2,261 53, ,372 51,017 60,675 Not good health Limiting long-term illness 2,490 12,820 5,891 90, , , ,587 Has a limiting long-term illness 51, ,970 88, , ,106 95,100 55,139 Does not have a limiting long-term illness Highest level of qualification : : 22, , , ,383 : No qualifications : : 16, ,136 63,823 6,819 : Level 1 : : 37, ,591 74,868 17,045 : Level 2 : : 14,530 73,420 19,076 3,876 : Level 3 : : 1, ,714 85,497 21,949 : Level 4/5 : : 1,573 35,244 64,245 17,154 : Other qualification/level unknown 54, ,790 : : : : 172,726 Not aged Occupation : : ,923 48,085 2,268 : 1. Managers and senior officials : : ,745 33,032 1,430 : 2. Professional occupations : : 2,350 74,357 35,185 1,171 : 3. Associate professional and technical occupations : : 3,703 65,273 37,718 1,293 : 4. Administrative and secretarial occupations : : 5,342 66,357 42,594 2,207 : 5. Skilled trades occupations : : 3,312 36,946 22, : 6. Personal service occupations : : 10,077 42,135 19, : 7. Sales and customer service occupations : : 3,002 56,955 35, : 8. Process, plant and machine operatives : : 11,192 68,499 41,761 1,944 : 9. Elementary occupations : : 53, , , ,506 : Not currently working 54, ,790 : : : : 172,726 Not aged

36 Table T15 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table T15 Theme table on Welsh language - continued All people aged 3 and over All people Age in years One or more skills in Welsh and over Industry A. Agriculture, hunting and forestry 29,125 : : 392 6,442 5,828 1,179 : B. Fishing 374 : : : C. Mining and quarrying 3,910 : : : D. Manufacturing 205,709 : : 1,767 21,272 11, : E. Electricity, gas and water supply 12,076 : : 114 2,065 1, : F. Construction 84,063 : : 1,088 11,815 7, : G. Wholesale and retail trade, repairs 193,328 : : 7,307 22,822 12, : H. Hotels and restaurants 63,812 : : 3,832 7,464 4, : I. Transport, storage and communications 65,353 : : 508 8,131 5, : J. Financial intermediation 38,929 : : 360 5,798 2, : K. Real estate, renting and business activities 100,816 : : ,583 7, : L. Public administration and defence, social security 80,716 : : ,169 7, : M. Education 96,384 : : ,345 15, : N. Health and social work 154,245 : : 1,185 23,889 15, : O, P, Q. Other 57,416 : : 1,380 9,416 5, : Not currently working 889,091 : : 32,510 47,048 68,526 62,470 : Not aged ,354 16, ,462 : : : : 67,857 NS-SeC 1. Higher managerial and professional occupations 122,656 : : ,291 11, : 1.1 Large employers and higher managerial occupations 45,288 : : 72 4,767 4, : 1.2 Higher professional occupations 77,368 : : ,524 7, : 2. Lower managerial and professional occupations 333,165 : : 1,028 52,814 38, : 3. Intermediate occupations 166,135 : : 1,831 25,233 12, : 4. Small employers and own account workers 146,595 : : ,871 21,409 2,450 : 5. Lower supervisory and technical occupations 161,807 : : 1,482 20,828 12, : 6. Semi-routine occupations 254,268 : : 4,105 30,610 19, : 7. Routine occupations 206,358 : : 3,182 21,847 15, : 8. Never worked or long-term unemployed 79,482 : : 1,803 6,997 4, : L14.1 Never worked 56,822 : : 1,681 4,103 2, : L14.2 Long-term unemployed 22,660 : : 122 2,894 1, : Not classified 845,463 : : 38,617 21,479 35,045 62,308 67,857 L15. Full-time students 150,896 : : 38,617 11, L17. Not classifiable for other reasons 694,567 : : 0 9,952 34,217 62,111 67,630 Under ,771 16, ,462 : : : : : Notes: 1. One or more skills in Welsh means one or more of the following: understanding spoken Welsh; speaking Welsh; reading Welsh; writing Welsh. 2. General health refers to health over the 12 months prior to Census day (29 April 2001). 3. Other industry includes other community, social and personal service activities, private households with employed persons and extra-territorial organisations and bodies. 4. In the NS-SeC classification, all full-time students are recorded in the full-time students category regardless of whether they are economically active or not. 5. Not classifiable for other reasons includes people whose occupation has not been coded and those who cannot be allocated to an NS-SeC category. 6. The occupancy rating provides a measure of under-occupancy and overcrowding. For example a value of -1 implies that there is one room too few and that there is overcrowding in the household. The occupancy rating assumes that every household, including one person households, requires a minimum of two common rooms (excluding bathrooms). 7. The term no qualifications describes people without any academic, vocational or professional qualifications. The term lower level qualifications is used to describe qualifications equivalent to levels 1 3 of the National Key Learning targets (i.e. GCSE s, O levels, A levels NVQ levels 1 3). The term higher level refers to qualifications of levels 4 and above (i.e. first degrees, higher degrees, NVQ levels 4 and 5, HND, HNC and certain professional qualifications). 8. Car or van availability includes any company car or van if available for private use. 32

37 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table T15 Wales Age in years No skills in Welsh and over Industry : : 460 7,087 6,641 1,096 : A. Agriculture, hunting and forestry : : : B. Fishing : : 22 1,243 1, : C. Mining and quarrying : : 5, ,190 58,255 1,431 : D. Manufacturing : : 312 5,783 2, : E. Electricity, gas and water supply : : 2,650 36,281 23, : F. Construction : : 13,046 86,563 47,377 2,512 : G. Wholesale and retail trade, repairs : : 6,413 25,790 14, : H. Hotels and restaurants : : 1,352 29,984 19, : I. Transport, storage and communications : : 1,093 22,395 7, : J. Financial intermediation : : 2,157 45,892 29,380 1,613 : K. Real estate, renting and business activities : : 1,490 36,828 19, : L. Public administration and defence, social security : : ,623 27, : M. Education : : 2,121 64,015 45,403 1,369 : N. Health and social work : : 2,705 23,414 14, : O, P, Q. Other : : 53, , , ,506 : Not currently working 54, ,790 : : : : 172,726 Not aged NS-SeC : : ,416 38,220 1,408 : 1. Higher managerial and professional occupations : : ,699 16, : 1.1 Large employers and higher managerial occupations : : ,717 22,088 1,101 : 1.2 Higher professional occupations : : 2, ,339 95,307 2,132 : 2. Lower managerial and professional occupations : : 4,866 77,923 42, : 3. Intermediate occupations : : ,395 54,625 4,112 : 4. Small employers and own account workers : : 3,783 74,687 47, : 5. Lower supervisory and technical occupations : : 11, ,747 71,317 1,717 : 6. Semi-routine occupations : : 10,038 92,811 61,233 1,715 : 7. Routine occupations : : 6,308 39,253 19, : 8. Never worked or long-term unemployed : : 5,867 28,386 13, : L14.1 Never worked : : ,867 6, : L14.2 Long-term unemployed : : 54,012 89, , , ,726 Not classified : : 54,012 42,772 1, L15. Full-time students : : 0 46, , , ,320 L17. Not classifiable for other reasons 54, ,790 : : : : : Under 16 33

38 Table T39 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table T39 Theme table on ability to speak Welsh All people aged 3 and over Wales All people Age in years Speaks Welsh Does not speak Welsh and over and over ALL PEOPLE 2,805,701 13, ,168 40, , ,742 47,692 50,752 57, , , , , , ,831 Males 1,353,858 6,336 81,870 17,672 67,818 54,789 22,483 18,192 29, ,368 55, , , ,068 69,704 Females 1,451,843 6,903 89,298 22,876 78,409 57,953 25,209 32,560 27, ,716 50, , , , ,127 Accommodation type Household in unshared accommodation 2,760,166 13, ,029 39, , ,414 47,231 46,053 57, ,312 99, , , , ,462 House or bungalow 2,562,782 12, ,835 37, , ,359 44,478 41,314 54, ,267 92, , , , ,160 Flat, maisonette or apartment 189, ,889 1,596 8,766 4,719 2,644 4,656 2,319 6,557 6,532 62,434 38,826 19,427 26,628 Caravan or other mobile or temporary structure 8, ,668 2,475 1, Household in shared accommodation 2, Communal establishment 43, , , ,486 9,115 2,536 2,246 15,110 Medical and care establishment 24, , ,703 1,601 1,931 14,118 Other type of establishment 18, , ,335 7, Occupancy rating +2 or more 1,461,299 6,236 72,108 16,214 75,229 79,858 35,337 30,659 23,142 93,758 32, , , , , ,377 3,750 47,182 9,726 38,180 20,693 8,378 10,112 16,681 69,510 25, , ,483 44,266 41, ,442 2,583 39,514 9,118 24,282 9,026 2,855 4,325 13,202 61,079 26, ,987 62,041 17,412 21,815-1 or less 158, ,255 4,444 7,736 2, ,027 4,229 23,040 14,892 56,162 19,807 4,777 5,457 Living in a communal establishment 43, , , ,486 9,115 2,536 2,246 15,110 Amenities Sole use of bath/shower and toilet 2,754,669 13, ,820 39, , ,043 47,016 45,750 57, ,972 99, , , , ,973 Does not have sole use of bath/shower and toilet 7, ,159 1, Living in a communal establishment 43, , , ,486 9,115 2,536 2,246 15,110 Central heating Accommodation has central heating 2,582,820 12, ,759 36, , ,497 41,094 39,060 54, ,387 94, , , , ,904 Accommodation does not have central heating 179,358 1,005 11,300 3,279 14,495 11,968 6,155 7,063 2,339 10,000 5,050 39,600 34,911 15,376 16,817 Living in a communal establishment 43, , , ,486 9,115 2,536 2,246 15,110 Notes: 1. The occupancy rating provides a measure of under-occupancy and overcrowding. For example a value of -1 implies that there is one room too few and that there is overcrowding in the household. The occupancy rating assumes that every household, including one person households, requires a minimum of two common rooms (excluding bathrooms). 2. Other industry includes other community, social and personal service activities, private households with employed persons and extra-territorial organisations and bodies. 3. Car or van availability includes any company car or van if available for private use. 4. General health refers to health over the 12 months prior to Census day (29 April 2001). 5. The highest level of qualification variable uses both the educational and vocational qualifications question, and the professional qualifications question. No qualifications: No academic, vocational or professional qualifications. Level 1: 1+ O levels/cse/gcse (any grade), NVQ level 1, Foundation GNVQ. Level 2: 5+ O levels, 5+ CSEs (grade 1), 5+ GCSEs (grade A C), School Certificate, 1+ A levels/ AS levels, NVQ level 2, Intermediate GNVQ or equivalents. Level 3: 2+ A levels, 4+ AS levels, Higher School Certificate, NVQ level 3, Advanced GNVQ or equivalents. Level 4/5: First degree, Higher Degree, NVQ levels 4 5, HNC, HND, Qualified Teacher Status, Qualified Medical Doctor, Qualified Dentist, Qualified Nurse, Midwife, Health Visitor or equivalents. Other qualifications/level unknown: Other qualifications (e.g. City and Guilds, RSA/OCR, BTEC/Edexcel), Other Professional Qualifications. 6. In the NS-SeC classification, all full-time students are recorded in the full-time students category regardless of whether they are economically active or not. 7. Not classifiable for other reasons includes people whose occupation has not been coded and those who cannot be allocated to an NS-SeC category. 34

39 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table T39 Table T39 Theme table on ability to speak Welsh - continued All people aged 3 and over Wales All people Age in years Speaks Welsh Does not speak Welsh and over and over Car or van availability No car or van in household 515,465 1,768 23,318 4,654 13,776 10,068 9,552 21,768 12,171 47,210 19, ,199 81,691 58,160 90,118 One or more cars or vans in household 2,246,713 11, ,741 34, , ,397 37,697 24,355 45, ,177 80, , , ,093 84,603 Living in a communal establishment 43, , , ,486 9,115 2,536 2,246 15,110 Living arrangements Living in a couple 1,379, ,214 85,079 86,633 30,881 17, , , , ,308 69,818 Married or re-married 1,179, ,725 81,852 30,190 16, , , ,140 67,948 Cohabiting 199, ,102 22,354 4, , ,181 31,824 4,168 1,870 Not living in a couple 1,382,712 13, ,050 38,288 60,348 25,832 16,368 28,900 57, ,356 95, , ,306 71, ,903 Single (never married) 988,415 13, ,050 38,228 49,928 8,828 3,681 4,182 57, ,346 94, ,487 36,703 11,553 10,228 Married or re-married 15, ,142 4,091 1,532 2,389 Separated (but still legally married) 35, ,278 1, ,020 10,978 1, Widowed 196, ,931 9,937 23, ,482 25,028 44,417 86,562 Divorced 145, ,869 9,633 2, ,787 61,506 12,774 5,089 Living in a communal establishment 43, , , ,486 9,115 2,536 2,246 15,110 Family type Lone parent family 351,583 2,817 40,858 8,275 17,610 7,348 2,017 3,031 15,359 66,789 22, ,656 39,534 8,466 10,983 Married couple family 1,681,654 8, ,803 26,344 84,276 82,412 30,195 16,914 32, ,171 59, , , ,168 67,965 Cohabiting couple family 260,683 1,838 15,823 3,000 23,132 4, ,493 23,654 8, ,036 31,898 4,169 1,870 Not living in a family but with others in the household 115, ,570 1,507 7,710 2,856 1,918 3, ,754 7,023 49,220 15,140 8,211 12,655 Not living in a family but living alone 352, ,699 15,055 12,428 22, ,800 70,375 80,894 55,239 81,248 Living in a communal establishment 43, , , ,486 9,115 2,536 2,246 15,110 Economic activity Economically active 1,265,497 : : 17, ,411 71,152 4,242 : : : 56, , ,757 14,668 : Employee 985,748 : : 7,006 97,559 52,211 1,666 : : : 27, , ,765 7,868 : Self-employed 159,502 : : ,871 16,095 2,448 : : : ,752 63,473 6,163 : Unemployed 72,488 : : 1,540 5,927 2, : : : 8,033 38,307 15, : Full-time student 47,759 : : 9,243 3, : : : 19,940 14, : Notes: 1. The occupancy rating provides a measure of under-occupancy and overcrowding. For example a value of -1 implies that there is one room too few and that there is overcrowding in the household. The occupancy rating assumes that every household, including one person households, requires a minimum of two common rooms (excluding bathrooms). 2. Other industry includes other community, social and personal service activities, private households with employed persons and extra-territorial organisations and bodies. 3. Car or van availability includes any company car or van if available for private use. 4. General health refers to health over the 12 months prior to Census day (29 April 2001). 5. The highest level of qualification variable uses both the educational and vocational qualifications question, and the professional qualifications question. No qualifications: No academic, vocational or professional qualifications. Level 1: 1+ O levels/cse/gcse (any grade), NVQ level 1, Foundation GNVQ. Level 2: 5+ O levels, 5+ CSEs (grade 1), 5+ GCSEs (grade A C), School Certificate, 1+ A levels/ AS levels, NVQ level 2, Intermediate GNVQ or equivalents. Level 3: 2+ A levels, 4+ AS levels, Higher School Certificate, NVQ level 3, Advanced GNVQ or equivalents. Level 4/5: First degree, Higher Degree, NVQ levels 4 5, HNC, HND, Qualified Teacher Status, Qualified Medical Doctor, Qualified Dentist, Qualified Nurse, Midwife, Health Visitor or equivalents. Other qualifications/level unknown: Other qualifications (e.g. City and Guilds, RSA/OCR, BTEC/Edexcel), Other Professional Qualifications. 6. In the NS-SeC classification, all full-time students are recorded in the full-time students category regardless of whether they are economically active or not. 7. Not classifiable for other reasons includes people whose occupation has not been coded and those who cannot be allocated to an NS-SeC category. 35

40 Table T39 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table T39 Theme table on ability to speak Welsh - continued All people aged 3 and over Wales All people Age in years Speaks Welsh Does not speak Welsh and over and over Economic activity - continued Economically inactive 809,850 : : 22,556 24,816 41,590 43,450 : : : 50, , , ,831 : Retired 307,355 : : ,783 37,822 : : : , ,316 : Student 106,220 : : 21,301 5, : : : 43,292 33,740 1, : Looking after home/family 132,627 : : 515 9,958 6, : : : 2,347 72,325 38,062 2,577 : Permanently sick or disabled 191,342 : : 118 5,256 16,076 3,462 : : : 1,009 44, ,374 17,253 : Other 72,306 : : 607 3,841 3,299 1,333 : : : 3,351 30,677 22,805 6,393 : Not aged ,354 13, ,168 : : : : 50,752 57, ,084 : : : : 189,831 Country of birth Born in Wales 2,098,681 12, ,490 34, , ,067 44,763 48,566 50, ,388 80, , , , ,535 Born outside Wales 707, ,678 5,851 16,158 10,675 2,929 2,186 6,577 35,696 25, , ,111 70,621 64,296 Ethnic group White 2,747,819 13, ,584 39, , ,489 47,594 50,644 54, , , , , , ,763 Mixed 16, , ,630 1,231 4,988 1, Asian or Asian British 23, , ,856 1,770 10,510 4, Black or Black British 6, ,998 1, Chinese or other ethnic group 11, , ,698 1, General health Good health 1,801,965 11, ,516 35, ,315 65,352 19,159 13,345 51, ,991 90, , ,110 74,639 46,793 Fairly good health 644,042 1,205 12,049 3,894 23,611 30,206 18,795 21,668 5,288 18,825 13, , ,319 85,955 76,645 Not good health 359, , ,301 17,184 9,738 15, ,268 2,515 57, ,429 55,905 66,393 Limiting long-term illness Has a limiting long-term illness 672, ,982 1,833 13,565 32,035 22,072 33,809 2,608 14,773 6,515 98, , , ,295 Does not have a limiting long-term illness 2,132,775 12, ,186 38, ,662 80,707 25,620 16,943 54, ,311 99, , , ,750 60,536 Notes: 1. The occupancy rating provides a measure of under-occupancy and overcrowding. For example a value of -1 implies that there is one room too few and that there is overcrowding in the household. The occupancy rating assumes that every household, including one person households, requires a minimum of two common rooms (excluding bathrooms). 2. Other industry includes other community, social and personal service activities, private households with employed persons and extra-territorial organisations and bodies. 3. Car or van availability includes any company car or van if available for private use. 4. General health refers to health over the 12 months prior to Census day (29 April 2001). 5. The highest level of qualification variable uses both the educational and vocational qualifications question, and the professional qualifications question. No qualifications: No academic, vocational or professional qualifications. Level 1: 1+ O levels/cse/gcse (any grade), NVQ level 1, Foundation GNVQ. Level 2: 5+ O levels, 5+ CSEs (grade 1), 5+ GCSEs (grade A C), School Certificate, 1+ A levels/ AS levels, NVQ level 2, Intermediate GNVQ or equivalents. Level 3: 2+ A levels, 4+ AS levels, Higher School Certificate, NVQ level 3, Advanced GNVQ or equivalents. Level 4/5: First degree, Higher Degree, NVQ levels 4 5, HNC, HND, Qualified Teacher Status, Qualified Medical Doctor, Qualified Dentist, Qualified Nurse, Midwife, Health Visitor or equivalents. Other qualifications/level unknown: Other qualifications (e.g. City and Guilds, RSA/OCR, BTEC/Edexcel), Other Professional Qualifications. 6. In the NS-SeC classification, all full-time students are recorded in the full-time students category regardless of whether they are economically active or not. 7. Not classifiable for other reasons includes people whose occupation has not been coded and those who cannot be allocated to an NS-SeC category. 36

41 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table T39 Table T39 Theme table on ability to speak Welsh - continued All people aged 3 and over Wales All people Age in years Speaks Welsh Does not speak Welsh and over and over Highest level of qualification No qualifications 685,368 : : 10,059 16,953 40,631 28,183 : : : 25, , , ,704 : Level 1 320,940 : : 5,168 28,611 11,065 1,569 : : : 18, ,087 71,073 7,710 : Level 2 410,544 : : 19,983 38,037 17,915 4,873 : : : 43, ,744 85,362 19,285 : Level 3 147,853 : : 4,416 16,376 3, : : : 15,816 80,518 21,631 4,319 : Level 4/5 360,910 : : ,977 28,477 8,787 : : : 1, ,120 98,476 25,291 : Other qualifications/level unknown 149,732 : : 446 5,273 10,739 3,418 : : : 1,711 37,900 71,055 19,190 : Not aged ,354 13, ,168 : : : : 50,752 57, ,084 : : : : 189,831 Occupation 1. Managers and senior officials 145,170 : : ,876 7, : : : 1,016 68,814 53,134 2,500 : 2. Professional occupations 123,686 : : ,539 11, : : : ,385 37,978 1,609 : 3. Associate professional and technical occupations 151,884 : : ,190 7, : : : 2,564 82,604 39,763 1,289 : 4. Administrative and secretarial occupations 144,172 : : 1,157 15,119 7, : : : 4,119 72,183 42,229 1,449 : 5. Skilled trades occupations 159,374 : : 1,823 16,707 11,636 1,377 : : : 5,865 72,569 46,928 2,469 : 6. Personal service occupations 88,225 : : 1,446 10,272 5, : : : 3,735 41,240 25, : 7. Sales and customer service occupations 94,704 : : 4,379 7,108 3, : : : 11,478 45,857 21, : 8. Process, plant and machine operatives 120,964 : : 742 9,323 6, : : : 3,263 61,486 38, : 9. Elementary occupations 158,077 : : 4,502 12,020 7, : : : 12,544 73,820 45,275 2,124 : Not currently working 889,091 : : 25,312 31,073 44,163 43,563 : : : 61, , , ,413 : Not aged ,354 13, ,168 : : : : 50,752 57, ,084 : : : : 189,831 Industry A. Agriculture, hunting and forestry 29,125 : : 338 5,297 4,910 1,016 : : : 514 8,232 7,559 1,259 : B. Fishing 374 : : : : : : C. Mining and quarrying 3,910 : : : : : 28 1,431 1, : D. Manufacturing 205,709 : : 1,301 13,589 6, : : : 6, ,873 63,143 1,562 : E. Electricity, gas and water supply 12,076 : : 77 1, : : : 349 6,398 2, : F. Construction 84,063 : : 843 8,414 5, : : : 2,895 39,682 25, : G. Wholesale and retail trade, repairs 193,328 : : 5,555 15,295 8, : : : 14,798 94,090 52,016 2,751 : Notes: 1. The occupancy rating provides a measure of under-occupancy and overcrowding. For example a value of -1 implies that there is one room too few and that there is overcrowding in the household. The occupancy rating assumes that every household, including one person households, requires a minimum of two common rooms (excluding bathrooms). 2. Other industry includes other community, social and personal service activities, private households with employed persons and extra-territorial organisations and bodies. 3. Car or van availability includes any company car or van if available for private use. 4. General health refers to health over the 12 months prior to Census day (29 April 2001). 5. The highest level of qualification variable uses both the educational and vocational qualifications question, and the professional qualifications question. No qualifications: No academic, vocational or professional qualifications. Level 1: 1+ O levels/cse/gcse (any grade), NVQ level 1, Foundation GNVQ. Level 2: 5+ O levels, 5+ CSEs (grade 1), 5+ GCSEs (grade A C), School Certificate, 1+ A levels/ AS levels, NVQ level 2, Intermediate GNVQ or equivalents. Level 3: 2+ A levels, 4+ AS levels, Higher School Certificate, NVQ level 3, Advanced GNVQ or equivalents. Level 4/5: First degree, Higher Degree, NVQ levels 4 5, HNC, HND, Qualified Teacher Status, Qualified Medical Doctor, Qualified Dentist, Qualified Nurse, Midwife, Health Visitor or equivalents. Other qualifications/level unknown: Other qualifications (e.g. City and Guilds, RSA/OCR, BTEC/Edexcel), Other Professional Qualifications. 6. In the NS-SeC classification, all full-time students are recorded in the full-time students category regardless of whether they are economically active or not. 7. Not classifiable for other reasons includes people whose occupation has not been coded and those who cannot be allocated to an NS-SeC category. 37

42 Table T39 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table T39 Theme table on ability to speak Welsh - continued All people aged 3 and over Wales All people Age in years Speaks Welsh Does not speak Welsh and over and over Industry - continued H. Hotels and restaurants 63,812 : : 2,956 5,067 2, : : : 7,289 28,187 16,268 1,037 : I. Transport, storage and communications 65,353 : : 378 5,409 3, : : : 1,482 32,706 21, : J. Financial intermediation 38,929 : : 260 3,761 1, : : : 1,193 24,432 7, : K. Real estate, renting and business activities 100,816 : : 598 8,551 4, : : : 2,366 49,924 32,388 1,764 : L. Public administration and defence, social security 80,716 : : 508 9,782 5, : : : 1,673 41,215 21, : M. Education 96,384 : : ,866 10, : : : 1,077 36,102 31, : N. Health and social work 154,245 : : ,115 10, : : : 2,396 71,789 51,097 1,523 : O, P, Q. Other 57,416 : : 1,089 7,060 3, : : : 2,996 25,770 15, : Not currently working 889,091 : : 25,312 31,073 44,163 43,563 : : : 61, , , ,413 : Not aged ,354 13, ,168 : : : : 50,752 57, ,084 : : : : 189,831 NS-SeC 1. Higher managerial and professional occupations 122,656 : : ,349 7, : : : ,358 42,450 1,549 : 1.1 Large employers and higher managerial occupations 45,288 : : 57 3,012 2, : : : ,454 17, : 1.2 Higher professional occupations 77,368 : : 95 7,337 5, : : : ,904 24,698 1,221 : 2. Lower managerial and professional occupations 333,165 : : ,703 25, : : : 2, , ,314 2,380 : 3. Intermediate occupations 166,135 : : 1,318 17,549 8, : : : 5,379 85,607 47, : 4. Small employers and own account workers 146,595 : : ,021 15,380 1,984 : : : ,245 60,654 4,578 : 5. Lower supervisory and technical occupations 161,807 : : 1,108 13,791 8, : : : 4,157 81,724 51, : 6. Semi-routine occupaitons 254,268 : : 2,984 20,815 12, : : : 12, ,542 78,143 1,872 : 7. Routine occupations 206,358 : : 2,394 15,000 9, : : : 10,826 99,658 66,307 1,867 : 8. Never worked or long-term unemployed 79,482 : : 1,373 4,512 3, : : : 6,738 41,738 21, : L14.1 Never worked 56,822 : : 1,288 2,649 1, : : : 6,260 29,840 14, : L14.2 Long-term unemployed 22,660 : : 85 1,863 1, : : : ,898 6, : Not classified 845,463 : : 30,229 14,487 22,420 43,454 50,752 : : 62,400 96, , , ,831 L15. Full-time students 150,896 : : 30,229 8, : : 62,400 45,924 2, L17. Not classifiable for other reasons 694,567 : : 0 6,112 21,845 43,302 50,583 : : 0 50, , , ,367 Under ,771 13, ,168 : : : : : 57, ,084 : : : : : Notes: 1. The occupancy rating provides a measure of under-occupancy and overcrowding. For example a value of -1 implies that there is one room too few and that there is overcrowding in the household. The occupancy rating assumes that every household, including one person households, requires a minimum of two common rooms (excluding bathrooms). 2. Other industry includes other community, social and personal service activities, private households with employed persons and extra-territorial organisations and bodies. 3. Car or van availability includes any company car or van if available for private use. 4. General health refers to health over the 12 months prior to Census day (29 April 2001). 5. The highest level of qualification variable uses both the educational and vocational qualifications question, and the professional qualifications question. No qualifications: No academic, vocational or professional qualifications. Level 1: 1+ O levels/cse/gcse (any grade), NVQ level 1, Foundation GNVQ. Level 2: 5+ O levels, 5+ CSEs (grade 1), 5+ GCSEs (grade A C), School Certificate, 1+ A levels/ AS levels, NVQ level 2, Intermediate GNVQ or equivalents. Level 3: 2+ A levels, 4+ AS levels, Higher School Certificate, NVQ level 3, Advanced GNVQ or equivalents. Level 4/5: First degree, Higher Degree, NVQ levels 4 5, HNC, HND, Qualified Teacher Status, Qualified Medical Doctor, Qualified Dentist, Qualified Nurse, Midwife, Health Visitor or equivalents. Other qualifications/level unknown: Other qualifications (e.g. City and Guilds, RSA/OCR, BTEC/Edexcel), Other Professional Qualifications. 6. In the NS-SeC classification, all full-time students are recorded in the full-time students category regardless of whether they are economically active or not. 7. Not classifiable for other reasons includes people whose occupation has not been coded and those who cannot be allocated to an NS-SeC category. 38

43 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Supplementary table Supplementary table on Welsh language skills All people aged 3 and over Wales Area All people aged 3 and over Understands spoken Welsh Speaks Welsh Reads Welsh Writes Welsh Either speaks, reads or writes Welsh a b c d e f g WALES 2,805, , , , , ,301 Isle of Anglesey 64,679 41,220 38,893 35,510 33,246 39,885 Gwynedd 112,800 77,966 77,846 72,276 69,264 79,184 Conwy 106,316 37,112 31,298 29,085 26,077 33,839 Denbighshire 90,085 28,146 23,760 22,431 19,858 26,119 Flintshire 143,382 24,630 20,599 20,611 17,687 24,364 Wrexham 124,024 23,051 18,105 18,386 15,280 21,822 Powys 122,473 30,754 25,814 24,849 21,428 29,414 Ceredigion 72,884 39,753 37,918 35,564 32,795 39,424 Pembrokeshire 110,182 26,915 23,967 22,006 19,360 26,358 Carmarthenshire 167,373 93,742 84,196 76,179 67,479 88,946 Swansea 216,226 39,644 28,938 29,434 23,155 35,629 Neath Port Talbot 130,305 30,297 23,404 24,204 18,956 29,061 Bridgend 124,284 17,820 13,397 16,835 12,415 19,449 The Vale of Glamorgan 115,116 14,795 12,994 13,790 11,632 16,096 Rhondda, Cynon, Taff 223,924 35,940 27,946 32,838 25,851 37,683 Merthyr Tydfil 54,115 7,110 5,532 6,241 4,726 7,422 Caerphilly 163,297 19,954 18,237 18,997 16,098 22,611 Blaenau Gwent 67,795 6,112 6,417 5,820 5,312 7,543 Torfaen 88,062 8,940 9,780 8,839 8,165 11,041 Monmouthshire 82,351 7,719 7,688 7,191 6,443 8,899 Newport 131,820 12,170 13,135 12,006 11,123 15,144 Cardiff 294,208 37,736 32,504 34,060 29,169 39,368 National Assembly Regional Committee areas North Wales 609, , , , , ,831 Mid Wales 227,203 90,837 83,704 79,003 71,957 89,220 South West Wales 624, , , , , ,994 South East Wales 1,344, , , , , ,256 Notes: 1. Note that the figure for people understanding spoken Welsh may be an under-estimate as some people who understand spoken Welsh may not have ticked this box if they have ticked a box relating to a higher skill. 2. Information contained in this supplementary table can be obtained for other areas in table UV84 in the Census Area Statistics. 39

44 Table WLP01 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table WLP01 Welsh language profile All people aged 3 and over Wales Number of people in age group Percentage of people aged 3 and over Percentage of people in age group who can speak Welsh Percentage of people in age group with one or more skills in Welsh 1 Area All people aged 3 and over and over Understands spoken Welsh only 2 Speaks Welsh Speaks, reads and writes Welsh and over and over WALES 2,805, ,771 1,811, , Isle of Anglesey 64,679 10,871 41,205 12, Aberffraw Amlwch 2, , Beaumaris 1, , Bodedern 1, Bodffordd Bodorgan Bryngwran Cwm Cadnant 2, , Cylch-y-Garn Holyhead 10,813 2,043 6,957 1, Llanbadrig 1, Llanddaniel Fab Llanddona Llanddyfnan Llaneilian 1, Llaneugrad Llanfachraeth Llanfaelog 1, Llanfaethlu Llanfair-Mathafarn-Eithaf 3, , Llanfair Pwllgwyngyll 2, , Llanfair-yn-Neubwll 1, , Llanfihangel Ysgeifiog 1, , Llangefni 4, , Llangoed 1, Llangristiolus 1, Llanidan Llannerch-y-medd 1, Mechell 1, Menai Bridge 3, , Moelfre 1, Penmynydd Pentraeth 1, Rhoscolyn Notes: 1. One or more skills in Welsh means one or more of the following: understanding spoken Welsh; speaking Welsh; reading Welsh; writing Welsh. 2. Understands spoken Welsh only means the person understands spoken Welsh but has no other skills in the language. 40

45 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table WLP01 Table WLP01 Welsh language profile - continued All people aged 3 and over Wales Number of people in age group Percentage of people aged 3 and over Percentage of people in age group who can speak Welsh Percentage of people in age group with one or more skills in Welsh 1 Area All people aged 3 and over and over Understands spoken Welsh only 2 Speaks Welsh Speaks, reads and writes Welsh and over and over Isle of Anglesey - continued Rhosybol 1, Rhosyr 2, , Trearddur 1, , Tref Alaw Trewalchmai Valley 2, , Gwynedd 112,800 18,578 72,019 22, Aber Aberdaron Aberdovey Arthog Bala 1, , Bangor 13,310 1,842 9,617 1, Barmouth 2, , Beddgelert Bethesda 4, , Betws Garmon Bontnewydd 1, Botwnnog Brithdir and Llanfachreth Bryn-crug Buan Caernarfon 9,224 1,715 5,833 1, Clynnog Corris Criccieth 1, , Dolbenmaen 1, Dolgellau 2, , Dyffryn Ardudwy 1, Ffestiniog 4, , Ganllwyd Harlech 1, Llanaelhaearn 1, Llanbedr Llanbedrog Llanberis 1, , Notes: 1. One or more skills in Welsh means one or more of the following: understanding spoken Welsh; speaking Welsh; reading Welsh; writing Welsh. 2. Understands spoken Welsh only means the person understands spoken Welsh but has no other skills in the language. 41

46 Table WLP01 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table WLP01 Welsh language profile - continued All people aged 3 and over Wales Number of people in age group Percentage of people aged 3 and over Percentage of people in age group who can speak Welsh Percentage of people in age group with one or more skills in Welsh 1 Area All people aged 3 and over and over Understands spoken Welsh only 2 Speaks Welsh Speaks, reads and writes Welsh and over and over Gwynedd - continued Llanddeiniolen 4, , Llandderfel 1, Llandwrog 2, , Llandygai 2, , Llanegryn Llanelltyd Llanengan 1, , Llanfair Llanfihangel-y-Pennant Llanfrothen Llangelynin Llangywer Llanllechid Llanllyfni 3, , Llannor 2, , Llanuwchllyn Llanrug 2, , Llanwnda 1, , Llanycil Llanystumdwy 1, , Maentwrog Mawddwy Nefyn 2, , Pennal Penrhyndeudraeth 1, , Pentir 2, , Pistyll Porthmadog 4, , Pwllheli 3, , Talsarnau Trawsfynydd Tudweiliog Tywyn 3, , Waunfawr 1, Y Felinheli 2, , Notes: 1. One or more skills in Welsh means one or more of the following: understanding spoken Welsh; speaking Welsh; reading Welsh; writing Welsh. 2. Understands spoken Welsh only means the person understands spoken Welsh but has no other skills in the language. 42

47 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table WLP01 Table WLP01 Welsh language profile - continued All people aged 3 and over Wales Number of people in age group Percentage of people aged 3 and over Percentage of people in age group who can speak Welsh Percentage of people in age group with one or more skills in Welsh 1 Area All people aged 3 and over and over Understands spoken Welsh only 2 Speaks Welsh Speaks, reads and writes Welsh and over and over Conwy 106,316 16,913 64,103 25, Abergele 9,742 1,295 5,308 3, Betws-y-Coed Betws yn Rhos Bro Garmon Bro Machno Caerhun 1, Capel Curig Cerrigydrudion Colwyn Bay 9,449 1,772 5,791 1, Conwy 13,777 2,096 8,324 3, Dolgarrog Dolwyddelan Eglwysbach Henryd Kinmel Bay and Towyn 7,617 1,289 4,660 1, Llanddoged and Maenan Llanddulas and Rhyd-y-Foel 1, , Llandudno 19,521 2,840 11,481 5, Llanfairfechan 3, , Llanfair Talhaiarn Llanfihangel Glyn Myfyr Llangernyw Llangwm Llannefydd Llanrwst 2, , Llansanffraid Glan Conwy 2, , Llansannan 1, Llysfaen 2, , Mochdre 1, , Old Colwyn 7,400 1,319 4,519 1, Penmaenmawr 3, , Pentrefoelas Rhos-on-Sea 6, ,528 2, Trefriw Ysbyty Ifan Notes: 1. One or more skills in Welsh means one or more of the following: understanding spoken Welsh; speaking Welsh; reading Welsh; writing Welsh. 2. Understands spoken Welsh only means the person understands spoken Welsh but has no other skills in the language. 43

48 Table WLP01 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table WLP01 Welsh language profile - continued All people aged 3 and over Wales Number of people in age group Percentage of people aged 3 and over Percentage of people in age group who can speak Welsh Percentage of people in age group with one or more skills in Welsh 1 Area All people aged 3 and over and over Understands spoken Welsh only 2 Speaks Welsh Speaks, reads and writes Welsh and over and over Denbighshire 90,085 15,309 55,963 18, Aberwheeler Betws Gwerfil Goch Bodelwyddan 2, , Bodfari Bryneglwys Cefnmeiriadog Clocaenog Corwen 2, , Cwm Cyffylliog Cynwyd Denbigh 8,499 1,581 5,453 1, Derwen Dyserth 2, , Efenechtyd Gwyddelwern Henllan Llanarmon-yn-Ial 1, Llanbedr Dyffryn Clwyd Llandegla Llandrillo Llandyrnog Llanelidan Llanfair Dyffryn Clwyd 1, Llanferres Llangollen 3, , Llangynhafal Llanrhaeadr-yng-Nghinmeirch 1, Llantysilio Llanynys Nantglyn Prestatyn 17,920 2,969 10,471 4, Rhuddlan 4, , Rhyl 23,987 4,339 14,770 4, Ruthin 5, ,021 1, St. Asaph 3, , Trefnant 1, Tremeirchion Waen Notes: 1. One or more skills in Welsh means one or more of the following: understanding spoken Welsh; speaking Welsh; reading Welsh; writing Welsh. 2. Understands spoken Welsh only means the person understands spoken Welsh but has no other skills in the language. 44

49 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table WLP01 Table WLP01 Welsh language profile - continued All people aged 3 and over Wales Number of people in age group Percentage of people aged 3 and over Percentage of people in age group who can speak Welsh Percentage of people in age group with one or more skills in Welsh 1 Area All people aged 3 and over and over Understands spoken Welsh only 2 Speaks Welsh Speaks, reads and writes Welsh and over and over Flintshire 143,382 25,317 95,914 22, Argoed 5, , Bagillt 3, , Broughton and Bretton 5, , Brynford 1, Buckley 14,046 2,355 9,572 2, Caerwys 1, Cilcain 1, Connah s Quay 15,867 3,068 10,907 1, Flint 12,284 2,255 8,035 1, Gwernaffield 1, , Gwernymynydd 1, Halkyn 2, , Hawarden 13,081 2,236 8,730 2, Higher Kinnerton 1, , Holywell 8,403 1,509 5,508 1, Hope 4, , Leeswood 2, , Llanasa 4, , Llanfynydd 1, , Mold 9,256 1,560 5,970 1, Mostyn 1, , Nannerch Nercwys Northop 2, , Northop Hall 1, , Penyffordd 3, , Queensferry 1, , Saltney 4, , Sealand 2, , Shotton 6,026 1,154 3,811 1, Trelawnyd and Gwaenysgor Treuddyn 1, , Whitford 2, , Ysceifiog 1, Notes: 1. One or more skills in Welsh means one or more of the following: understanding spoken Welsh; speaking Welsh; reading Welsh; writing Welsh. 2. Understands spoken Welsh only means the person understands spoken Welsh but has no other skills in the language. 45

50 Table WLP01 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table WLP01 Welsh language profile - continued All people aged 3 and over Wales Number of people in age group Percentage of people aged 3 and over Percentage of people in age group who can speak Welsh Percentage of people in age group with one or more skills in Welsh 1 Area All people aged 3 and over and over Understands spoken Welsh only 2 Speaks Welsh Speaks, reads and writes Welsh and over and over Wrexham 124,024 20,884 82,535 20, Abenbury Acton 12,598 1,931 8,116 2, Bangor Is-y-coed 1, Bronington 1, Broughton 6,646 1,148 4,475 1, Brymbo 3, , Caia Park 11,338 2,310 7,462 1, Cefn 6,454 1,232 4,144 1, Ceiriog Ucha Chirk 4, , Coedpoeth 4, , Erbistock Esclusham 3, , Glyntraian Gresford 5, , Gwersyllt 9,659 1,767 6,723 1, Hanmer Holt 1, , Isycoed Llangollen Rural 1, , Llansantffraid Glyn Ceiriog 1, Llay 4, , Maelor South 1, Marchwiel 1, Minera 1, , Offa 9,534 1,368 6,631 1, Overton 1, Penycae 3, , Rhosddu 6, ,167 1, Rhosllanerchrugog 9,110 1,507 5,972 1, Rossett 3, , Ruabon 3, , Sesswick Willington Worthenbury Notes: 1. One or more skills in Welsh means one or more of the following: understanding spoken Welsh; speaking Welsh; reading Welsh; writing Welsh. 2. Understands spoken Welsh only means the person understands spoken Welsh but has no other skills in the language. 46

51 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table WLP01 Table WLP01 Welsh language profile - continued All people aged 3 and over Wales Number of people in age group Percentage of people aged 3 and over Percentage of people in age group who can speak Welsh Percentage of people in age group with one or more skills in Welsh 1 Area All people aged 3 and over and over Understands spoken Welsh only 2 Speaks Welsh Speaks, reads and writes Welsh and over and over Powys 122,473 20,638 76,630 25, Abbey Cwmhir Aberedw Aberhafesp Banwy Bausley with Criggion Beguildy Berriew 1, Bettws Brecon 7,635 1,390 4,768 1, Bronllys Builth 2, , Cadfarch Caersws 1, Carno Carreghofa Castle Caereinion Churchstoke 1, Cilmery Clyro Cray Crickhowell 2, , Disserth and Trecoed 1, Duhonw Dwyriw Erwood Felin-fach Forden with Leighton and Trelystan 1, Gladestry Glantwymyn 1, Glasbury Glascwm Glyn Tarell Guilsfield 1, Gwernyfed Hay 1, Honddu Isaf Kerry 1, , Knighton 2, , Llanafanfawr Notes: 1. One or more skills in Welsh means one or more of the following: understanding spoken Welsh; speaking Welsh; reading Welsh; writing Welsh. 2. Understands spoken Welsh only means the person understands spoken Welsh but has no other skills in the language. 47

52 Table WLP01 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table WLP01 Welsh language profile - continued All people aged 3 and over Wales Number of people in age group Percentage of people aged 3 and over Percentage of people in age group who can speak Welsh Percentage of people in age group with one or more skills in Welsh 1 Area All people aged 3 and over and over Understands spoken Welsh only 2 Speaks Welsh Speaks, reads and writes Welsh and over and over Powys - continued Llanbadarn Fawr Llanbadarn Fynydd Llanbister Llanbrynmair Llanddew Llanddewi Ystradenny Llandinam Llandrindod Wells 4, ,963 1, Llandrinio 1, Llandysilio Llandyssil 1, Llanelwedd Llanerfyl Llanfair Caereinion 1, Llanfechain Llanfihangel Llanfihangel Cwmdu with Bwlch and Cathedine Llanfihangel Rhydithon Llanfrynach Llanfyllin 1, Llangamarch Llangattock Llangedwyn Llangors 1, Llangunllo Llangurig Llangynidr Llangyniew Llangynog Llanidloes 2, , Llanidloes Without Llanigon Llanrhaeadr-ym-Mochnant 1, Llansantffraid 1, Llansilin Notes: 1. One or more skills in Welsh means one or more of the following: understanding spoken Welsh; speaking Welsh; reading Welsh; writing Welsh. 2. Understands spoken Welsh only means the person understands spoken Welsh but has no other skills in the language. 48

53 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table WLP01 Table WLP01 Welsh language profile - continued All people aged 3 and over Wales Number of people in age group Percentage of people aged 3 and over Percentage of people in age group who can speak Welsh Percentage of people in age group with one or more skills in Welsh 1 Area All people aged 3 and over and over Understands spoken Welsh only 2 Speaks Welsh Speaks, reads and writes Welsh and over and over Powys - continued Llanwddyn Llanwrthwl Llanwrtyd Wells Llanyre 1, Llywel Machynlleth 2, , Maescar Manafon Meifod 1, Merthyr Cynog Mochdre Montgomery 1, Nantmel New Radnor Newtown and Llanllwchaiarn 10,313 1,992 6,704 1, Old Radnor Painscastle Penybont Pen-y-Bont-Fawr Presteigne 2, , Rhayader 2, , St. Harmon Talgarth 1, Talybont-on-Usk Tawe-Uchaf 1, The Vale of Grwyney Trallong Trefeglwys Treflys Tregynon Trewern 1, Welshpool 6,030 1,079 3,631 1, Whitton Yscir Ystradfellte Ystradgynlais 7,808 1,246 4,824 1, Notes: 1. One or more skills in Welsh means one or more of the following: understanding spoken Welsh; speaking Welsh; reading Welsh; writing Welsh. 2. Understands spoken Welsh only means the person understands spoken Welsh but has no other skills in the language. 49

54 Table WLP01 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table WLP01 Welsh language profile - continued All people aged 3 and over Wales Number of people in age group Percentage of people aged 3 and over Percentage of people in age group who can speak Welsh Percentage of people in age group with one or more skills in Welsh 1 Area All people aged 3 and over and over Understands spoken Welsh only 2 Speaks Welsh Speaks, reads and writes Welsh and over and over Ceredigion 72,884 10,659 48,357 13, Aberaeron 1, Aberporth 2, , Aberystwyth 11,367 1,197 8,456 1, Beulah 1, Blaenrheidol Borth 1, Cardigan 4, , Ceulanamaesmawr Ciliau Aeron Dyffryn Arth 1, Faenor 2, , Geneu r Glyn Henfynyw 1, Lampeter 2, , Llanarth 1, Llanbadarn Fawr 2, , Llanddewi Brefi Llandyfriog 1, , Llandysiliogogo 1, Llandysul 2, , Llanfair Clydogau Llanfarian 1, Llanfihangel Ystrad 1, Llangeitho Llangoedmor 1, Llangrannog Llangwyryfon Llangybi Llangynfelyn Llanilar 1, Llanllwchaiarn Llanrhystyd Llansantffraed 1, Llanwenog 1, Llanwnnen Lledrod Melindwr 1, Nantcwnlle New Quay 1, Notes: 1. One or more skills in Welsh means one or more of the following: understanding spoken Welsh; speaking Welsh; reading Welsh; writing Welsh. 2. Understands spoken Welsh only means the person understands spoken Welsh but has no other skills in the language. 50

55 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table WLP01 Table WLP01 Welsh language profile - continued All people aged 3 and over Wales Number of people in age group Percentage of people aged 3 and over Percentage of people in age group who can speak Welsh Percentage of people in age group with one or more skills in Welsh 1 Area All people aged 3 and over and over Understands spoken Welsh only 2 Speaks Welsh Speaks, reads and writes Welsh and over and over Ceredigion - continued Penbryn 1, Pontarfynach Tirymynach 1, , Trawsgoed Trefeurig 1, , Tregaron 1, Troedyraur 1, Y Ferwig 1, Ysbyty Ystwyth Ysgubor-y-coed Ystrad Fflur Ystrad Meurig Pembrokeshire 110,182 19,445 68,828 21, Ambleston Amroth 1, Angle Boncath Brawdy Burton 1, Camrose 1, , Carew 1, Castlemartin Cilgerran 1, Clydau Clynderwen Cosheston Crymych 1, Cwm Gwaun Dale Dinas Cross East Williamston 1, , Eglwyswrw Fishguard and Goodwick 4, ,805 1, Freystrop Haverfordwest 10,348 1,868 6,630 1, Hayscastle Herbrandston Notes: 1. One or more skills in Welsh means one or more of the following: understanding spoken Welsh; speaking Welsh; reading Welsh; writing Welsh. 2. Understands spoken Welsh only means the person understands spoken Welsh but has no other skills in the language. 51

56 Table WLP01 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table WLP01 Welsh language profile - continued All people aged 3 and over Wales Number of people in age group Percentage of people aged 3 and over Percentage of people in age group who can speak Welsh Percentage of people in age group with one or more skills in Welsh 1 Area All people aged 3 and over and over Understands spoken Welsh only 2 Speaks Welsh Speaks, reads and writes Welsh and over and over Pembrokeshire - continued Hook Hundleton Jeffreyston Johnston 1, , Kilgetty/Begelly 1, , Lampeter Velfrey 1, Lamphey Letterston Llanddewi Velfrey Llandissilio West Llangwm Llanrhian Llanstadwell Llawhaden Maenclochog Manorbier 1, Manordeifi Marloes and St. Brides Martletwy Mathry Merlin s Bridge 2, , Milford Haven 12,574 2,392 7,795 2, Mynachlog-Ddu Narberth 2, , Nevern New Moat Newport 1, Neyland 3, , Nolton and Roch Pembroke 6,939 1,389 4,226 1, Pembroke Dock 8,336 1,772 5,251 1, Penally Pencaer Puncheston Rosemarket Rudbaxton 1, St. David s and the Cathedral Close 1, , St. Dogmaels 1, St. Florence (major part of 2) St. Ishmael s Notes: 1. One or more skills in Welsh means one or more of the following: understanding spoken Welsh; speaking Welsh; reading Welsh; writing Welsh. 2. Understands spoken Welsh only means the person understands spoken Welsh but has no other skills in the language. 52

57 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table WLP01 Table WLP01 Welsh language profile - continued All people aged 3 and over Wales Number of people in age group Percentage of people aged 3 and over Percentage of people in age group who can speak Welsh Percentage of people in age group with one or more skills in Welsh 1 Area All people aged 3 and over and over Understands spoken Welsh only 2 Speaks Welsh Speaks, reads and writes Welsh and over and over Pembrokeshire - continued St. Mary Out Liberty/St. Florence (minor part of 2) Saundersfoot 2, , Scleddau Slebech Solva Spittal Stackpole Templeton Tenby 4, ,864 1, The Havens Tiers Cross Trecwn Uzmaston and Boulston Walwyn s Castle Wiston Wolfscastle Carmarthenshire 167,373 28, ,498 33, Abergwili 1, Abernant Ammanford 5, ,123 1, Betws 1, , Bronwydd Carmarthen 12,710 1,957 8,122 2, Cenarth Cilycwm Cilymaenllwyd Cwmamman 4, , Cynwyl Elfed Cynwyl Gaeo Dyffryn Cennen 1, Eglwyscummin Gorslas 3, , Henllanfallteg Kidwelly 3, , Laugharne Township 1, Llanarthney Notes: 1. One or more skills in Welsh means one or more of the following: understanding spoken Welsh; speaking Welsh; reading Welsh; writing Welsh. 2. Understands spoken Welsh only means the person understands spoken Welsh but has no other skills in the language. 53

58 Table WLP01 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table WLP01 Welsh language profile - continued All people aged 3 and over Wales Number of people in age group Percentage of people aged 3 and over Percentage of people in age group who can speak Welsh Percentage of people in age group with one or more skills in Welsh 1 Area All people aged 3 and over and over Understands spoken Welsh only 2 Speaks Welsh Speaks, reads and writes Welsh and over and over Carmarthenshire - continued Llanboidy Llanddarog 1, Llanddeusant Llanddowror Llandeilo 1, Llandovery 2, , Llandybie 9,304 1,492 5,915 1, Llandyfaelog 1, Llanedi 5, , Llanegwad 1, Llanelli 22,601 3,782 13,934 4, Llanelli Rural 20,339 3,650 12,700 3, Llanfair-ar-y-bryn Llanfihangel Aberbythych 1, Llanfihangel-ar-Arth 1, , Llanfihangel Rhos-y-Corn Llanfynydd Llangadog 1, Llangain Llangathen Llangeler 3, , Llangennech 4, , Llangunnor 2, , Llangyndeyrn 2, , Llangynin Llangynog Llanllawddog Llanllwni Llannon 4, , Llanpumsaint Llansadwrn Llansawel Llansteffan 1, Llanwinio Llanwrda Llanybydder 1, Llanycrwys Manordeilo and Salem 1, , Meidrim Myddfai Notes: 1. One or more skills in Welsh means one or more of the following: understanding spoken Welsh; speaking Welsh; reading Welsh; writing Welsh. 2. Understands spoken Welsh only means the person understands spoken Welsh but has no other skills in the language. 54

59 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table WLP01 Table WLP01 Welsh language profile - continued All people aged 3 and over Wales Number of people in age group Percentage of people aged 3 and over Percentage of people in age group who can speak Welsh Percentage of people in age group with one or more skills in Welsh 1 Area All people aged 3 and over and over Understands spoken Welsh only 2 Speaks Welsh Speaks, reads and writes Welsh and over and over Carmarthenshire - continued Newcastle Emlyn Newchurch and Merthyr Pembrey and Burry Port Town 7,727 1,228 4,793 1, Pencarreg 1, Pendine Pontyberem 2, , Quarter Bach 2, , St. Clears 2, , St. Ishmael 1, Talley Trelech Trimsaran 2, , Whitland 1, Swansea 216,226 35, ,212 40, Birchgrove 5,570 1,037 3, Bishopston 3, , Bonymaen 6,114 1,139 3,913 1, Castle 11,675 1,245 7,995 2, Clydach 7,064 1,193 4,539 1, Cockett 12,179 2,138 7,601 2, Cwmbwrla 7,923 1,476 5,028 1, Dunvant 4, , Gorseinon 7,601 1,396 4,817 1, Gowerton 4, , Grovesend 1, Ilston Killay 5, ,869 1, Landore 5,888 1,077 3, Llangennith, Llanmadoc and Cheriton Llangyfelach 2, , Llanrhidian Higher 4, , Llanrhidian Lower Llansamlet 5,918 1,155 3, Llwchwr 8,804 1,463 5,847 1, Mawr 1, , Morriston 16,192 2,943 10,682 2, Mumbles 16,402 2,029 9,919 4, Mynyddbach 8,506 1,241 5,539 1, Notes: 1. One or more skills in Welsh means one or more of the following: understanding spoken Welsh; speaking Welsh; reading Welsh; writing Welsh. 2. Understands spoken Welsh only means the person understands spoken Welsh but has no other skills in the language. 55

60 Table WLP01 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table WLP01 Welsh language profile - continued All people aged 3 and over Wales Number of people in age group Percentage of people aged 3 and over Percentage of people in age group who can speak Welsh Percentage of people in age group with one or more skills in Welsh 1 Area All people aged 3 and over and over Understands spoken Welsh only 2 Speaks Welsh Speaks, reads and writes Welsh and over and over Swansea - continued Penderry 10,459 2,291 6,540 1, Penllergaer 2, , Pennard 2, , Penrice Pontardulais 5, ,168 1, Pont-Lliw 1, , Port Eynon Reynoldston Rhossili St. Thomas 6,142 1,137 3,929 1, Sketty 13,486 1,839 7,990 3, Townhill 8,082 1,852 4,997 1, Uplands 13,069 1,357 9,603 2, Upper Killay 1, Neath Port Talbot 130,305 22,237 83,430 24, Aberavon 5, , Baglan/Baglan Bay 6, ,212 1, Blaengwrach 1, Blaenhonddan 10,729 1,822 7,108 1, Briton Ferry 5, ,467 1, Bryn Cilybebyll 4, , Clyne and Melincourt Coedffranc 8,027 1,329 5,117 1, Crynant 1, , Cwmavon 5,437 1,006 3, Cwmllynfell 1, Dyffryn Clydach 3, , Glyncorrwg 5, ,382 1, Glynneath 4, , Gwaun-Cae-Gurwen 4, , Margam/Margam Moors 2, , Neath 18,078 2,999 11,718 3, Onllwyn 1, Pelenna 1, Pontardawe 6,251 1,146 3,932 1, Port Talbot 5, , Resolven 2, , Sandfields East 5, ,550 1, Notes: 1. One or more skills in Welsh means one or more of the following: understanding spoken Welsh; speaking Welsh; reading Welsh; writing Welsh. 2. Understands spoken Welsh only means the person understands spoken Welsh but has no other skills in the language. 56

61 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table WLP01 Table WLP01 Welsh language profile - continued All people aged 3 and over Wales Number of people in age group Percentage of people aged 3 and over Percentage of people in age group who can speak Welsh Percentage of people in age group with one or more skills in Welsh 1 Area All people aged 3 and over and over Understands spoken Welsh only 2 Speaks Welsh Speaks, reads and writes Welsh and over and over Neath Port Talbot - continued Sandfields West 6,437 1,235 3,758 1, Seven Sisters 1, , Taibach 4, , Tonna 2, , Ystalyfera 4, , Bridgend 124,284 21,938 81,046 21, Brackla 9,633 2,218 6, Bridgend 13,570 2,165 8,467 2, Cefn Cribwr 1, Coity Higher 5, , Cornelly 5,772 1,072 3,670 1, Coychurch Higher Coychurch Lower 1, Garw Valley 7,287 1,420 4,782 1, Laleston 8,172 1,539 5,548 1, Llangynwyd Lower Llangynwyd Middle 2, , Maesteg 17,238 2,987 11,368 2, Merthyr Mawr Newcastle Higher 3, , Ogmore Valley 7,516 1,398 4,836 1, Pencoed 8,345 1,449 5,678 1, Porthcawl 15,474 2,290 9,143 4, Pyle 6,945 1,303 4,507 1, St. Bride s Minor 5, , Ynysawdre 2, , The Vale of Glamorgan 115,116 21,446 73,654 20, Barry 45,909 9,320 29,080 7, Colwinston Cowbridge with Llanblethian 4, , Dinas Powys 7,444 1,278 4,718 1, Ewenny Llancarfan Llandough 1, , Llandow Llanfair Notes: 1. One or more skills in Welsh means one or more of the following: understanding spoken Welsh; speaking Welsh; reading Welsh; writing Welsh. 2. Understands spoken Welsh only means the person understands spoken Welsh but has no other skills in the language. 57

62 Table WLP01 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table WLP01 Welsh language profile - continued All people aged 3 and over Wales Number of people in age group Percentage of people aged 3 and over Percentage of people in age group who can speak Welsh Percentage of people in age group with one or more skills in Welsh 1 Area All people aged 3 and over and over Understands spoken Welsh only 2 Speaks Welsh Speaks, reads and writes Welsh and over and over The Vale of Glamorgan - continued Llangan Llan-maes Llantwit Major 9,324 1,827 6,184 1, Michaelston Penarth 19,714 3,432 12,115 4, Pendoylan Penllyn 1, Peterston-super-Ely Rhoose 4, , St. Athan 3, , St. Bride s Major 1, , St. Donats St. Georges-super-Ely St. Nicholas and Bonvilston Sully 4, , Welsh St. Donats Wenvoe 1, , Wick Rhondda, Cynon, Taff 223,924 40, ,811 37, Aberaman 9,464 1,789 5,988 1, Abercynon 6,216 1,233 3,920 1, Aberdare 13,952 2,361 8,803 2, Cwmbach 4, , Cwm Clydach 3, , Cymmer 4, , Ferndale 4, , Gilfach Goch 3, , Hirwaun 4, , Llanharan 6,826 1,349 4, Llanharry 2, , Llantrisant 14,411 2,685 9,764 1, Llantwit Fardre 13,500 2,283 9,500 1, Llwydcoed 1, Llwyn-y-pia 2, , Maerdy 3, , Mountain Ash 6,826 1,170 4,358 1, Penrhiwceiber 6,009 1,265 3,743 1, Pentre 5, , Notes: 1. One or more skills in Welsh means one or more of the following: understanding spoken Welsh; speaking Welsh; reading Welsh; writing Welsh. 2. Understands spoken Welsh only means the person understands spoken Welsh but has no other skills in the language. 58

63 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table WLP01 Table WLP01 Welsh language profile - continued All people aged 3 and over Wales Number of people in age group Percentage of people aged 3 and over Percentage of people in age group who can speak Welsh Percentage of people in age group with one or more skills in Welsh 1 Area All people aged 3 and over and over Understands spoken Welsh only 2 Speaks Welsh Speaks, reads and writes Welsh and over and over Rhondda, Cynon, Taff - continued Pen-y-graig 5,662 1,084 3,564 1, Pen-y-waun 3, , Pont-y-clun 5, , Pontypridd 32,215 5,064 21,692 5, Porth 5,743 1,013 3,714 1, Rhigos Taffs Well 3, , Tonypandy 3, , Tonyrefail 10,613 2,088 7,006 1, Trealaw 3, , Trehafod Treherbert 5,806 1,081 3,496 1, Treorchy 7,852 1,382 4,839 1, Tylorstown 4, , Ynyshir 3, , Ynysybwl and Coed-y-cwm 4, , Ystrad 6,076 1,098 3,808 1, Merthyr Tydfil 54,115 10,172 34,897 9, Bedlinog 3, , Cyfarthfa 5,943 1,130 3, Dowlais 3, , Gurnos 4,824 1,012 3, Merthyr Vale 3, , Pant 2, , Park 4, , Penydarren 5,065 1,027 3, Town 6,375 1,085 4,036 1, Treharris 6,024 1,194 3, Troed-y-rhiw 4, , Vaynor 3, , Caerphilly 163,297 30, ,068 25, Abercarn 4, , Aber Valley 6,408 1,343 4, Argoed 2, , Bargoed 11,463 2,144 7,341 1, Notes: 1. One or more skills in Welsh means one or more of the following: understanding spoken Welsh; speaking Welsh; reading Welsh; writing Welsh. 2. Understands spoken Welsh only means the person understands spoken Welsh but has no other skills in the language. 59

64 Table WLP01 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table WLP01 Welsh language profile - continued All people aged 3 and over Wales Number of people in age group Percentage of people aged 3 and over Percentage of people in age group who can speak Welsh Percentage of people in age group with one or more skills in Welsh 1 Area All people aged 3 and over and over Understands spoken Welsh only 2 Speaks Welsh Speaks, reads and writes Welsh and over and over Caerphilly - continued Bedwas, Trethomas and Machen 10,000 1,843 6,544 1, Blackwood 7,861 1,478 5,179 1, Caerphilly 13,309 2,195 8,954 2, Cefn Fforest 3, , Crosskeys 3, , Crumlin 5,535 1,048 3, Darran Valley 2, , Gelligaer 15,933 3,167 10,562 2, Llanbradach and Pwllypant 4, , Maesycwmmer 2, , Nelson 4, , Newbridge 5, ,597 1, New Tredegar 4, , Pengam 3, , Penmaen 4, , Penyrheol, Trecenydd and Energlyn 11,077 2,302 7,491 1, Pontllanfraith 7,509 1,312 4,765 1, Rhymney 8,464 1,530 5,459 1, Risca 11,070 2,063 7,129 1, Rudry Van 4, , Ynysddu 3, , Blaenau Gwent 67,795 12,658 43,305 11, Abertillery 11,514 2,191 7,275 2, Beaufort 10,029 1,823 6,421 1, Brynmawr 5, ,375 1, Cwm 4, , Ebbw Vale 8,654 1,700 5,627 1, Llanhilleth 4, , Nantyglo and Blaina 8,808 1,735 5,655 1, Tredegar 14,584 2,630 9,275 2, Torfaen 88,062 16,519 56,250 15, Abersychan 6,601 1,297 4,206 1, Blaenavon 5, ,560 1, Croesyceiliog 5, ,970 1, Cwmbran Central 10,122 1,747 6,496 1, Notes: 1. One or more skills in Welsh means one or more of the following: understanding spoken Welsh; speaking Welsh; reading Welsh; writing Welsh. 2. Understands spoken Welsh only means the person understands spoken Welsh but has no other skills in the language. 60

65 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table WLP01 Table WLP01 Welsh language profile - continued All people aged 3 and over Wales Number of people in age group Percentage of people aged 3 and over Percentage of people in age group who can speak Welsh Percentage of people in age group with one or more skills in Welsh 1 Area All people aged 3 and over and over Understands spoken Welsh only 2 Speaks Welsh Speaks, reads and writes Welsh and over and over Torfaen - continued Fairwater 11,909 2,771 8,022 1, Henllys 2, , Llantarnam 3, , Llanyrafon 3, , New Inn 6,173 1,014 4,018 1, Panteg 6,712 1,101 4,343 1, Pen Tranch 5,681 1,016 3, Ponthir 1, Pontnewydd 4, , Pontymoile 4, , Trevethin 5,076 1,163 3, Upper Cwmbran 5,447 1,183 3, Monmouthshire 82,351 14,403 52,701 15, Abergavenny 9,359 1,550 5,558 2, Caerwent 1, , Caldicot 9,390 1,754 6,048 1, Chepstow 10,469 2,008 6,696 1, Crucorney 1, Devauden Goetre Fawr 2, , Grosmont Gwehelog Fawr Llanarth Llanbadoc Llanelly 3, , Llanfoist Fawr 2, , Llangattock-Vibon-Avel Llangwm Llangybi Llanhennock Llanover 1, Llantilio Crossenny Llantilio Pertholey 3, , Llantrisant Fawr Magor with Undy 5,803 1,241 4, Mathern Mitchel Troy 1, Notes: 1. One or more skills in Welsh means one or more of the following: understanding spoken Welsh; speaking Welsh; reading Welsh; writing Welsh. 2. Understands spoken Welsh only means the person understands spoken Welsh but has no other skills in the language. 61

66 Table WLP01 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table WLP01 Welsh language profile - continued All people aged 3 and over Wales Number of people in age group Percentage of people aged 3 and over Percentage of people in age group who can speak Welsh Percentage of people in age group with one or more skills in Welsh 1 Area All people aged 3 and over and over Understands spoken Welsh only 2 Speaks Welsh Speaks, reads and writes Welsh and over and over Monmouthshire - continued Monmouth 8,635 1,518 5,244 1, Portskewett 1, , Raglan 1, , Rogiet 1, , St. Arvans Shirenewton Tintern Trellech United 2, , Usk 2, , Newport 131,820 25,599 84,123 22, Allt-yr-yn 8,294 1,388 5,244 1, Alway 8,076 1,946 4,930 1, Beechwood 7,387 1,284 4,418 1, Bettws 7,965 1,808 5, Bishton 2, , Caerleon 8,476 1,391 5,647 1, Coedkernew Gaer 8,236 1,467 4,931 1, Goldcliff Graig 5, , Langstone 2, , Liswerry 9,890 2,068 6,370 1, Llanvaches Llanwern Malpas 7,846 1,386 5,120 1, Marshfield 2, , Michaelstone-y-Fedw Nash Penhow Pillgwenlly 5,087 1,194 3, Redwick Ringland 8,139 1,697 4,757 1, Rogerstone 8,535 1,503 5,405 1, St. Julians 8,403 1,615 5,593 1, Shaftesbury 5, , Stow Hill 4, , Tredegar Park 3, , Victoria 6,369 1,283 4, Wentlooge Notes: 1. One or more skills in Welsh means one or more of the following: understanding spoken Welsh; speaking Welsh; reading Welsh; writing Welsh. 2. Understands spoken Welsh only means the person understands spoken Welsh but has no other skills in the language. 62

67 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Table WLP01 Table WLP01 Welsh language profile - continued All people aged 3 and over Wales Number of people in age group Percentage of people aged 3 and over Percentage of people in age group who can speak Welsh Percentage of people in age group with one or more skills in Welsh 1 Area All people aged 3 and over and over Understands spoken Welsh only 2 Speaks Welsh Speaks, reads and writes Welsh and over and over Cardiff 294,208 52, ,607 44, Adamsdown 6, , Butetown 4, , Caerau 9,764 2,199 6,184 1, Canton 12,626 1,968 8,542 2, Castle Cathays 13, ,829 1, Cyncoed 10,066 1,647 6,064 2, Ely 13,956 3,407 8,564 1, Fairwater 11,918 2,235 7,461 2, Gabalfa 7, , Grangetown 13,702 2,799 9,170 1, Heath 11,374 1,869 7,334 2, Lisvane 3, , Llandaff 8,719 1,580 5,701 1, Llandaff North 7,942 1,749 4,902 1, Llanishen 15,395 3,071 9,723 2, Llanrumney 10,803 2,235 6,284 2, Old St. Mellons 2, , Pentwyn 13,947 3,122 9,716 1, Pentyrch 6,102 1,232 4, Plasnewydd 15,938 1,467 12,836 1, Pontprennau 5,383 1,129 4, Radyr and Morganstown 4, , Rhiwbina 10,944 1,567 6,198 3, Riverside 11,548 1,858 8,169 1, Roath 11,356 1,580 7,658 2, Rumney 8,664 1,746 5,305 1, St. Fagans 1, Splott 11,504 2,559 7,369 1, Tongwynlais 1, , Trowbridge 13,982 3,419 9,315 1, Whitchurch 13,233 2,190 8,033 3, National Assembly Regional Committee areas North Wales 609, , , , Mid Wales 227,203 36, ,485 46, South West Wales 624, , , , South East Wales 1,344, , , , Notes: 1. One or more skills in Welsh means one or more of the following: understanding spoken Welsh; speaking Welsh; reading Welsh; writing Welsh. 2. Understands spoken Welsh only means the person understands spoken Welsh but has no other skills in the language. 63

68 Notes to tables Symbols and conventions: The following conventions have been adopted:.. data not available : category not applicable - less than 0.005% or no observations Percentages: Percentages and derived statistics are shown to two decimal places. Adjustment of small counts: Note that small counts in tables have been adjusted to prevent the disclosure of information about identifiable individuals. This means that different tables may show different counts of the same population. Amalgamated areas: Where Communities fall below a threshold of 100 people and 40 households, they have been amalgamated with neighbouring Communities within the same Unitary Authority for the purposes of presenting results and will be listed under the amalgamated name. Baglan Bay see Baglan / Baglan Bay Margam Moors see Margam / Margam Moors Where a Community is split into two parts by an Electoral Division boundary, and the smaller part falls below the threshold of 100 people and 40 households, results are shown separately for the major part of the Community and the minor part of the Community, with the latter amalgamated with a neighbouring Community within the same Unitary Authority. This affects only one Community. St. Florence see St. Florence (major part of 2) St. Mary Out Liberty / St. Florence (minor part of 2) 65

69 Maps Page Thematic maps People aged 3 and over with one or more skills in Welsh 68 People aged 3 and over speaking Welsh 69 People aged 3 15 speaking Welsh 70 People aged speaking Welsh 71 People aged 65 and over speaking Welsh 72 Reference maps Isle of Anglesey: Unitary Authority and Community boundaries, Gwynedd: Unitary Authority and Community boundaries, Conwy: Unitary Authority and Community boundaries, Denbighshire: Unitary Authority and Community boundaries, Flintshire: Unitary Authority and Community boundaries, Wrexham: Unitary Authority and Community boundaries, Powys: Unitary Authority and Community boundaries, Ceredigion: Unitary Authority and Community boundaries, Pembrokeshire: Unitary Authority and Community boundaries, Carmarthenshire: Unitary Authority and Community boundaries, Swansea: Unitary Authority and Community boundaries, Neath Port Talbot: Unitary Authority and Community boundaries, Bridgend: Unitary Authority and Community boundaries, The Vale of Glamorgan: Unitary Authority and Community boundaries, Rhondda, Cynon, Taff: Unitary Authority and Community boundaries, Merthyr Tydfil: Unitary Authority and Community boundaries, Caerphilly: Unitary Authority and Community boundaries, Blaenau Gwent: Unitary Authority and Community boundaries, Torfaen: Unitary Authority and Community boundaries, Monmouthshire: Unitary Authority and Community boundaries, Newport: Unitary Authority and Community boundaries, Cardiff: Unitary Authority and Community boundaries,

70 Thematic maps Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language People aged 3 and over with one or more skills in Welsh People aged 3 and over with one or more skills in Welsh as a percentage of all people aged 3 and over _ _ _ _ _ kilometres miles Crown Copyright (ONS. GD ). 68

71 Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language Thematic maps People aged 3 and over speaking Welsh People aged 3 and over speaking Welsh as a percentage of all people aged 3 and over _ _ _ _ _ kilometres miles Crown Copyright (ONS. GD ). 69

72 Thematic maps Census 2001: Report on the Welsh language People aged 3-15 speaking Welsh People aged 3-15 speaking Welsh as a percentage of all people aged _ _ _ _ _ kilometres miles Crown Copyright (ONS. GD ). 70

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