1 29CFR Safety Training & Education 29CFR (a)-Unsafe Working Conditions Slip, Trip and Fall Prevention Preparation 1. Read Applicable Background information and related Company Policy Chapter. 2. Make Copies of this Lesson Plan for Personnel 3. Make Transparency, procure transparency pens, etc. 4. Coffee, tea, snacks Material 1. Objective By the end of this session, personnel shall be able to describe: 1. How to Prevent Slip, Trip and Fall Accidents 2. Causes of Slip, Trip and Falls 3. Background It can happen from sitting in a chair improperly. It can happen when walking on something you shouldn't be walking on. It can happen when you walk in the parking lot and aren't watching where you walk. It happens when you carry something and trip. It happens when you slip off a ladder. That's right, slips and falls. Slips and falls are one of the most frequent causes of accidents, both on and off the job. Each year in the United States, more than 300,000 people suffer disabling injuries from falls. Slips and falls can be fatal as well; they rank second only to automobile accidents, causing nearly 12,000 deaths a year. To avoid getting hurt from falls, avoid rushing. How does it happen and how can you prevent it? Well, it's easy to see how it happens... you're not paying attention to where you're walking or what you're doing and something happens to cause you to trip, slip or fall.
2 Lesson How to Prevent Slip, Trip and Fall Accidents First of all, it's important to understand that the vast majority of slips and falls occur because the person is not paying attention to where they are walking or what they're doing and they either trip on something or the floor surface is slippery. We can describe slips and falls as a dual cause accident. We say dual because there may be two causes. First, the person wasn't paying attention. The second cause could be a slippery floor, an electrical cord that shouldn't have been there or a number of other potential hazards. To reduce about 90 percent of slips and falls, just pay attention to what you're doing and be aware of your walking or sitting surfaces or positions and you'll eliminate slips and falls. Causes of Slip, Trip and Fall Accidents Let's look at the other 10 percent and we'll call these physical hazards that can cause slips and falls. The first step is to have a good maintenance program to keep the outside walking surfaces in good condition. A consistent sweeping program with either a push sweeper or mechanical sweeper can reduce the level of dirt, grit or sand in the parking lot and around entrances. Cleaning is a fundamental safety measure to help reduce slippery walking surfaces, but it's also very important to reduce the amount of dirt, sand, ice and snow from being carried inside the building. On the inside of the building, the first 15 to 25 feet from the entrance are the most important. This is where any dirt or other debris is carried into the building from the bottom of your shoes. Walk off mats are recommended at the entrances to help clean your shoes as you walk inside. These mats wipe off dirt and moisture, which reduces the slippery shoe surfaces from the outside dirt. These mats should be about 15 to 25 feet long and should be wide enough to accommodate everyone walking through. Next, frequent cleaning of the walk off mat is critical. Naturally, all walking surfaces must be kept clean. Think about the equipment that rolls over the same floor on which you walk. Forklifts, hand truck and other equipment can have grease, oil, solvent and other debris on their tires and can make walking surfaces very slippery.
3 Floor maintenance is very important, but it's everyone's responsibility. If you see a spill, clean it up. If you can't do the job, be sure to warn others and report it so it can be cleaned up as quickly as possible. If you notice a potential slip and fall hazard, report it to your supervisor. That hazard may have been there for over a year and you walk past it everyday, assuming that someone will take care of it. Well, don't wait... report it so it can be corrected. Clean up spills when they occur. You'll notice sticky parts of the floor around soda machines. That's because someone spilled a liquid and no one bothered to clean it up. We're not trying to make maintenance persons out of everyone, just some basic information to help you understand what it takes to keep floor surfaces free of slip and fall hazards. It requires your assistance. Stair Safety- When you walk up or down stairs, hold the hand rail. In case you slip or trip, the hand on the rail will help prevent you from falling. This has been a safety habit since stairs were first introduced. There are some hazards associated with stairs. Torn carpeting, damaged tread nosing, oily treads and dirty stairs. Keep in mind that your shoes should be clean and nonslippery when walking up or down stairs. If your stairs need some attention, report it to your supervisor. Ladder Safety- Next, falls from ladders can be quite serious. Broken or damaged rungs can cause falls, but more than likely it will be greasy or slippery shoes. Also, a person will stand on the ladder improperly, or stand on the top two steps, which will create a stability problem. Never stand on the top two rungs of any step ladder. Never lean past your belt buckle. When you lean too far from the edge of any ladder, the center of gravity shifts and the next thing you know... there will be an accident. Getting into and out of vehicles- Never jump from trucks or other vehicles or equipment. Most non-driving truck driver injuries result from getting into or out of their truck. They either don't hold onto handrails or they jump off their truck. Proper footwear can also help reduce slips and falls. High heels, certain leather on the soles of shoes, even the popular tennis shoes can be very slippery on some surfaces. This is particularly true if your shoes have any grease, oil or other residue on them.
4 Walk only in authorized walking areas. Walking over conveyors can cause a slip or fall. Watch for wet or slippery surfaces. Don't walk over boxes, pallets or other materials... use the proper walk way. Think about the walking surface on which you're walking. If you're walking on a carpeted surface that will change to tile or concrete, be aware that different floor surfaces will have a different level of friction. The carpet will have good friction, but the tile or concrete will be slippery compared to the carpet. If you're aware of the difference, you'll make the necessary adjustments to prevent a fall. Don't forget about telephone wires, electrical cords and other things that can cause a trip. Even in office, open file drawers can cause trip hazards. If you read any textbook on safety, the three E's are mentioned. Engineering, Education and Enforcement. Engineering is correcting potential physical hazards or making your facility as free of defects as possible. Education is making sure that everyone is aware of safety and everyone is trained in accident prevention. In the case of slips and falls, it means paying attention to where you walk so slips and falls won't occur. The Enforcement part of the equation means your company has safety rules and they are enforced. It's pretty simple. Engineering, Education and Enforcement. Words to live by.
5 Closure Not much else to say about slips and falls other than it's your responsibility. Be aware of potential slip and fall hazards, then take the necessary action to prevent them. Safety is a team effort and we want you to do your part because it's important to the whole team. Remember to report any unsafe condition to your supervisor. When you come to work and you notice that the sidewalk outside is slippery because of rain, ice, or some other reason, or you see a pot-hole in the parking lot, or that the sidewalk has a large crack and can cause a tripping hazard, please report it to your manager. Don t assume that it has been reported already. Watch your step and don't trip yourself up! Remember, Gravity Always Wins! What questions do you have?
PREVENT SLIPS, TRIPS, AND FALLS If you notice a hazard, act. S918 9.10 SAIF Corporation is a not-for-profit, state-chartered workers compensation company. We make workers compensation insurance affordable
PREPARED BY ALASKA DEPARTMENT OF ADMINISTRATION DIVISION OF MOTOR VEHICLES www.alaska.gov/dmv State of Alaska MOTORCYCLE MANUAL This publication was released by the Alaska Department of Administration,
6 Review and Update 5 Record the Findings 1 Safety and Health Policy 2 Identify Hazards CONTINUOUS IMPROVEMENT 4 Decide Precautions 3 Assess Risks Guidelines on Risk Assessments and Safety Statements 11
One in 3 Canadians aged 65 or over fall at least once a year. Many of these falls result in serious injury, and loss of mobility and independence. Most falls can be prevented. TAKE ACTION... to prevent
Small Business Safety Solutions Introduction ACCI would like to thank the South Australian WorkCover Corporation for their assistance in the development of Small Business Safety Solutions (2004). Important
HIV AND DISCRIMINATION 1 Heading H I V and Discrimination YOUR LEGAL RIGHTS UPDATED FEBRUARY 2013 published by: AIDS Legal Council of Chicago 180 North Michigan Avenue, Suite 2110 Chicago, Illinois 60601
Working Safer and Easier for Janitors, Custodians, and Housekeepers Department of Industrial Relations Cal/OSHA Consultation Service Research and Education Unit Publication Information Working Safer and
ABOUT THE AUTHOR Florida Attorney Frank M. Eidson has practiced law since 1998 in Central Florida. Since that time he has represented thousands of injured clients who have been injured in motorcycle accidents,
Family Caregiver Guide Rehab-to-Home Discharge Guide In Rehab: Planning for Discharge The best time to start planning for discharge is just after your family member is admitted. While it may seem too soon
Driver s Manual State of Connecticut Department of Motor Vehicles Dannel P. Malloy Governor Andres Ayala, Jr. Commissioner ct.gov/dmv facebook.com/ctdmvteens @CTDMV An Important Message from Governor Dannel
RISK MANAGEMENT WORKERS COMPENSATION PROGRAM TRAINING GUIDE State of North Dakota Office of Management & Budget Risk Management Division July 2008 This Handbook was developed by the Risk Management Division
HOW TO MANAGE WORK HEALTH AND SAFETY RISKS Code of Practice DECEMBER 2011 Safe Work Australia is an Australian Government statutory agency established in 2009. Safe Work Australia consists of representatives
Lowcountry Injury Law 1917 Lovejoy Street Post Office Drawer 850 Beaufort, South Carolina 29901 Personal Injury Phone (843) 524-9445 Auto Accidents Fax (843) 524-6981 Workers Comp Lawyer@LowcountryLaw.com
The Homeowner s Guide to Flood Prevention HOW TO IDENTIFY PROBLEMS and MAINTAIN YOUR HOME S DRAINAGE SYSTEMS Table of Contents Introduction... 1 Chapter 1: Understanding Drainage... 2 Home Drainage System
Top 10 Mistakes Made After A Car Accident www.chaikinandsherman.com 202.659.8600 800.299.8384 1 In this Top Ten List, we have drawn upon our decades of experience in handling car accident cases to compile
Hand-Over-Hand Method written by, Jean M. Slater, MS Speech/Language Pathologist 2000 Slater Software, Inc. Have you ever told your child to give you something that is dangerous and he or she ignores you?
Unit Q221 Use office equipment What you will learn Know about different types of office equipment and their uses Understand the purpose of following instructions and health and safety procedures Understand
How to Study Mathematics Written by Paul Dawkins Before I get into the tips for how to study math let me first say that everyone studies differently and there is no one right way to study for a math class.
Texas Department of Public Safety Motorcycle Operator s Manual Revised June 2014 STRANDED MOTORISTS NEED HELP? CALL 1-800-525-5555 PREFACE This Motorcycle Operator s Manual has been prepared in cooperation
159 CHAPTER11 Taking Out a Tooth Not every painful tooth needs to come out. You must decide how serious the problem is, and then decide if you can treat and save the tooth. Some problems such as root canal
Motorcycle Operator Manual PUB 147 (3-15) PREFACE Operating a motorcycle safely in traffic requires special skills and knowledge. This handbook will provide you with the information necessary to enable
Motorcycle Operator Manual Dannel P. Malloy Governor Andres Ayala, Jr. Commissioner Prepared By Motorcycle Safety Foundation Adapted with Permission By Connecticut Department of Motor Vehicles 60 State
MOTORCYCLISTS HANDBOOK NORTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Division of Motor Vehicles Thirteenth Edition, September 2007 LICENSING AND REGISTRATION The law in North Carolina requires the operator
GUIDE TO PERSONAL INJURY/ACCIDENT CLAIMS At Richard Grogan & Associates we have Solicitors with significant experience and expertise who will advise and guide you through all matters relating to bringing
Free Legal Consumer Guide Series Brought To You By Meeting All Your Legal Needs For 50 Years 2 Everything You Need To Know About Car Accident Cases HOW TO USE THIS GUIDE If you read this guide, you will
The Right Stuff: How to Find Good Information David D. Thornburg, PhD Executive Director, Thornburg Center for Space Exploration firstname.lastname@example.org One of the most frustrating tasks you can have as a student