Growing Roses From Seeds

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Growing Roses From Seeds"

Transcription

1 Growing Roses From Seeds 1 By Sharon Kardos Copyright 2009 There are many ways of growing roses from seed and a great deal of information can be found on line at many web sites including the American Rose Society ( and the Rose Hybridizers Association ( I started doing rose seeds in the winter of 2005/2006 with much help from my friends on the Rosarian s Corner ( rose forum where you can also find a great deal of information about hybridizing roses. I am by no means an expert at this having only done it over the past four winters but in this paper I will explain my methods and hope to give you a basic understanding of the process. With time and practice you ll probably make changes to suit your own situation and convenience.

2 2 The first thing to know is that roses do not propagate true to variety from seed. This means that a Peace rose seed will not grow into a Peace rosebush even if it is pollinated with Peace pollen. The only methods of getting a true to variety rose bush are by bud grafting or rooted cuttings. So every seed you germinate and grow into a bush is a new and unique variety! That s part of the fun. You never know what that rose will look like until it blooms. To begin the process of growing roses from seeds, you need to pollinate your roses. These can either be pollinations you make yourself or open pollinations (OPs) done by Mother Nature (sometimes with a little help from you). When you are doing the pollinating yourself, you can choose what crosses you would like to make. Perhaps you have a rose you love the color of but not the foliage. Cross it with the rose whose foliage you most like and see if you can get a similar bloom on a plant with nicer foliage, etc. The combinations are endless and up to you. And every seed from that cross will give you a different rose with different qualities. Open pollinations are a guessing game. Whether pollinated by an industrious bee, the wind, or you and a paintbrush, there s no way to know what characteristics may be in the mix. Even if the hip was self-pollinated anything in that rose s genetic pool could show up. That s why if you wish to breed for specific qualities it is a good idea to check the bloodlines of the roses you are using to see what qualities could be present in the gene pool. A good source for parentage information is Help Me Find Roses ( For our purposes we will start with OPs as they are the easiest to do. Because it takes 90 to 120 days for a rose hip to ripen to maturity, and our growing season is very short, it is necessary to do your hips on the first bloom flush of the season, usually June in Michigan. Once your roses begin to bloom decide which ones you would like to have seeds from. Choose a variety of types of roses to experiment with (Hybrid Teas, Floribundas, Minis, Shrubs, etc.) to get a variety of seedlings. You can just let them go and pollinate on their own or you can help things along by pretending to be a busy bee. I usually use a small fine paintbrush to self-pollinate some hips by taking some of the pollen from the anthers at the top of the stamens and brushing it onto the stigma on top of the pistils of the bloom. I also will save some hips that I hope have been naturally pollinated as well. Once you have chosen your blooms to save you can leave them on the bush to finish blooming and then remove only the spent petals, leaving the hips attached to the bush.

3 3 If you wish to make specific crosses the process is a little more complicated. I will briefly explain the process I use. When you ve made your decisions as to which roses you wish to cross you must collect the pollen from the donating rose, then pollinate the seed parent rose; all of this must be done with out allowing the blooms in question to open and be pollinated in any other manner. Here is how I do that. When the pollen parent rose is still in the bud stage remove the petals from the rose, being careful not to damage the stamens inside. I collect the pollen by snipping off the stamens into a clean, dry Dixie cup marked with the pollen donating rose s name. I place it in a warm, dry place in the house (the tops of the refrigerator or water heater are good places) and leave it over night. The next day you should see that the pollen dust has dried and fallen from the anthers. Now you can use it to pollinate your seed parent choices. On the seed parent rose you do a similar petal removal on the closed bud; however, this time you must also remove the stamens being careful not to release the pollen from the anthers onto the pistil and stigmas of the bud. Now using a small paintbrush, Q-tip or your finger tip pick up some of the pollen from your cup and gently place it onto the stigmas at the top of the pistils of the seed parent rose. With a little luck you ve just cross pollinated a rose! I put a piece of plastic wrap over the pollinated rose for a few days to make sure that no other pollen will contaminate the crosses I ve made. Once I ve done my pollinations (either method) I will tie a bright red ribbon on the stem just below the rose hip to mark it. I am a diligent dead header and have been known to remove my pollinated hips by accident so the red ribbon helps me remember NOT to do this and makes the hips easier to find on the plant later in the season to keep track of their progress. If you have made specific crosses it is a good idea to add some kind of identifying tag noting the names of the seed and pollen parent, i.e. Peace X Double Delight. The first name is always the seed (hip) parent and the second is the pollen parent. It is also a good idea to note the date you made your pollinations so you can calculate when they should be ripe and ready to harvest.

4 If the pollination has taken successfully the hips will begin to fatten into green fruit like balls in a few weeks. 4 If the stem dries up and turns brown/black or hip shrivels up instead of getting fatter they have not been successfully pollinated and can be removed. Now the hard part waiting! As I said earlier it takes between 90 and 120 days for a rose hip to ripen. During this time your rosebush should continue to grow and bloom as usual. You may also continue to care for them in your usual manner as well. I will make a note here that if you have problems with squirrels, rabbits or deer I would suggest that toward the end of the season, say late August, you cover your ripening hips with some aluminum foil. This will deter the critters from eating them and undoing all your patience and hard work. The foil does not impede the ripening process. I ve lost several hips in late August or early September just as they were beginning to ripen and show some color. It s very frustrating.

5 5 Late in the season you will begin to see the hips turn color Hips can turn a variety of colors from yellow to red or orange. Some may have only a slight amount of color with a lot of green still showing. Others will turn color completely. They also will be various sizes and shapes. The longer you can leave the hips in place on the rose the better. Don t worry about a light frost. It will not damage the hips. Once you cut your ripe hips off the bush you can store them in a cool, dry, dark place until you are ready to use them. Some people take the seeds out immediately and begin stratification (the process of inducing germination). Since I usually take the hips off just before the Holidays I wait until January to stratify mine. I store them in the refrigerator during this time to get a jumpstart on the process. They need to spend about 6 to 8 weeks in the cold before the seeds will germinate. If, when you go to take the seeds out and find that the hips have molded, don t worry. It won t hurt the seeds inside at all. It makes for a messy cleaning process but actually I find it makes the seeds easier to extract from the hip. The hips are very hard and difficult to cut open. You ll need the following items to do the stratification process: a sharp knife, a fine sieve, hydrogen peroxide, paper towels, plastic zip bags and a marker.

6 Cut the hip in half. Don t worry about cutting the seeds. They re very hard and should not crack. 6 The seeds are tightly packed inside and you will need to pry them out of the hip with the knife tip or something strong and pointed.

7 7 The seeds will still have pieces of the hip clinging to them. Put them in the sieve and wash them under water, rubbing them against the sides of the sieve to remove the hip remains. There have been some studies that indicate the material inside the hip has a germination inhibitor in it so you need to scrub off all of the hip matter from the seed coat. Once you ve cleaned the seeds thoroughly, soak them in the hydrogen peroxide for a while. Some people will soak for a full 24 hours but I only soak mine for about an hour. There is a belief that any seeds that float will not germinate but this has never been proven so I stratify all my seeds regardless of whether or not they float. The hydrogen peroxide is used to keep down the mold on the seeds during stratification. Dampen a paper towel (not soaking wet) with some of the hydrogen peroxide and wrap the seeds in the towel. Place the towel in a zip bag and mark the variety name or cross names on the bag.

8 Now the seeds must spend some time in the cold. I place all the zip bags in a larger bag and put them in the crisper drawer in my refrigerator. Remember they should stay in the refrigerator for 6 to 8 weeks so if you haven t kept the hips in the cold you will need to do it now with the seeds. 8 Since I usually already have had the hips in the refrigerator for the necessary time I begin to check my seeds for germinations about two weeks after I ve put them in the zip bags. If you see tiny green tails coming out of the seed coats you ve got germinations! I check my seeds weekly for new germinations. If you don t have any at first, don t despair; some seeds just take longer to germinate than others. If you aren t having any germinations after 4 or 5 weeks take the bag out of the refrigerator and place it in a warm, dark area for a week and then check again. Sometimes a short warm up will mimic spring weather changes and trigger germination. You can rotate the seeds in and out of the cold several times. If your paper towels begin to mold, change them out. There is some evidence that certain types of mold will actually help in breaking down the seed coat and aid in germination, so a little mold won t hurt but you don t want them black and covered with mold as there is also evidence that some types of molds can retard germination as well.

9 9 Now your sprout needs to go into the starter tray. It s important to use seed starting mix in your trays. Regular potting soil is too heavy and will not drain well enough. You want to keep the seeds damp but not soggy. Place the seed in the tray with the green sprout pointing downward. The sprout is the root. The seed is covering the first set of leaves (cotyledon). I make a small depression in the soil, place the seed in and sprinkle a little soil over it and gently pat in place. Place the trays under your lights. You want to get the trays up as close to the lights as possible so the seedlings won t stretch for the light and become thin and gangly. I put mine up on Styrofoam blocks out of packing materials I ve saved. Grow lights, of course, are best but I ve used full spectrum, daylight, and even regular fluorescent bulbs and flood lamps. If you re using regular lamps you will need to water more frequently because they produce more heat.

10 Within a few days your seedlings should begin to grow and put out their first set of leaves. These are the cotyledon or seed leaves and are not true leaves. 10 If the sprout is growing but the seed coat has not fallen off the seed leaves, you can attempt to remove it. However, this is very dicey and may result in the loss of the seedling if you break off those seed leaves. Keeping the seedlings very moist will help in the seedling being able to shuck off the seed coat on its own.. The seedlings will stay in the trays for varying lengths of time depending on their growth. I usually pot up a seedling once it gets a second set of leaves (the true leaves) or if it has gotten so tall that it is touching the top of the tray cover. If you do not remove them when they begin to touch the tray lid they will generally stunt and die off. When you are potting up you can use and good quality potting mix. Do not use garden soil as this will also not drain properly. Although roses are thirsty drinkers they do not like wet feet!

11 11 I use clear plastic drinking cups, with a hole punched in the bottom and marked with the parent s name, to pot my seedlings. They are inexpensive and they allow me to see root growth so I can tell when the seedling needs to go into a larger pot. They can usually stay in these cups for quite a long while, sometimes their entire first season. If you begin to see the roots showing around the sides of the cup it s time to pot it up to a larger pot. And they go back under the lights until it is warm enough to start hardening them off to the outside. I usually wait until the beginning of May to do this. The time it takes to get your first bloom on a seedling can vary a great deal. Some seedlings may bloom in as few as 6 to 8 weeks and others may not bloom at all their first year. As a rule of thumb, seeds from nonrepeating (non-remontant) roses will produce non-repeating seedlings and may take anywhere from 2 to 3 years to have their first bloom. Seedlings from repeating (remontant) roses should bloom in their first year, but it may take as long as 5 to 6 months for them to do so.

12 Here is a rose from an OP seed of What a Peach that germinated the last week of January 2009, was put in a cup the second week of February 2009 and bloomed the third week of March I hope you will try your hand at growing some of your own roses from seeds. It s easy, inexpensive and a fun way to pass the long cold Michigan winters while still engaging in your passion for roses!

Virginia Gardener http://www.hort.vt.edu/envirohort

Virginia Gardener http://www.hort.vt.edu/envirohort The Virginia Gardener http://www.hort.vt.edu/envirohort Name Help Sheets: Seeds What Is a Seed? A seed is a very young plant that is in the dormant, or resting stage. It is very much alive. There are three

More information

Introduction to Plant Propagation. Glenn T. Sako Assistant County Extension Agent CTAHR, UHM

Introduction to Plant Propagation. Glenn T. Sako Assistant County Extension Agent CTAHR, UHM Introduction to Plant Propagation Glenn T. Sako Assistant County Extension Agent CTAHR, UHM Purposes for Plant Propagation Multiply the number of a species Perpetuate a species Maintain the youthfulness

More information

Sunflowers. Name. Level and grade. PrimaryTools.co.uk

Sunflowers. Name. Level and grade. PrimaryTools.co.uk Sunflowers Name Score Level and grade 2012 Contents Billy s Sunflower... 3 A story by Nicola Moon So Many Sunflowers!... 14 Vincent Van Gogh... 15 Information about the artist Making a Paper Sunflower...

More information

2 nd Grade Science Unit B: Life Sciences Chapter 3: Plants and Animals in Their Environment Lesson 1: How are plants and animals like their parents?

2 nd Grade Science Unit B: Life Sciences Chapter 3: Plants and Animals in Their Environment Lesson 1: How are plants and animals like their parents? 2 nd Grade Science Unit B: Life Sciences Chapter 3: Plants and Animals in Their Environment Lesson 1: How are plants and animals like their parents? offspring Offspring are young plants and animals. Offspring

More information

GARDEN FACTS. When are apples ripe?

GARDEN FACTS. When are apples ripe? A3743-E GARDEN FACTS U n i v e r s i t y o f W i s c o n s i n E x t e n s i o n When are apples ripe? Teryl R. Roper DIFFERENT APPLE CULTIVARS RIPEN over a long season. In Wisconsin, apples ripen from

More information

Your Own Teeth and Gums

Your Own Teeth and Gums Your Own Teeth and Gums CHAPTER1 Next time you look in a mirror, look at your teeth and the skin (gums) around them. Look in your children s mouths, too. Look at both gums and teeth, because the health

More information

There are many ways to start tomato plants these guidelines may help you get a good start for your crop.

There are many ways to start tomato plants these guidelines may help you get a good start for your crop. How to Germinate tomato Seeds There are many ways to start tomato plants these guidelines may help you get a good start for your crop. When to plant In the Northern part of the U.S., traditionally will

More information

o d Propagation and Moon Planting Fact Sheet

o d Propagation and Moon Planting Fact Sheet o d Propagation and Moon Planting Fact Sheet Propagation Propagation is actually quite simple and requires very little effort on your part. Most seeds are ready to go, complete with all the nutrients and

More information

Flower Model: Teacher Instructions Sepals Anther Stamens (male) Filament Stigma Pistil Style (female) Ovary Petals sepals petals stamens pistil

Flower Model: Teacher Instructions Sepals Anther Stamens (male) Filament Stigma Pistil Style (female) Ovary Petals sepals petals stamens pistil Flower Model: Teacher Instructions In order to better understand the reproductive cycle of a flower, take a look at some flowers and note the male and female parts. Most flowers are different; some have

More information

GERMINATION WORKSHEET 1: WHAT DO SEEDS NEED IN ORDER TO GROW?

GERMINATION WORKSHEET 1: WHAT DO SEEDS NEED IN ORDER TO GROW? GERMINATION WORKSHEET 1: WHAT DO SEEDS NEED IN ORDER TO GROW? The Experiment Under controlled conditions, students will learn what happens to seedlings when they are deprived of their basic needs and what

More information

Zoner and the Drip Study Guide

Zoner and the Drip Study Guide Zoner and the Drip Study Guide Objectives This study guide will emphasize the lessons taught in the Zoner and the Drip puppet show by the Great Arizona Puppet Theater and demonstrate how those lessons

More information

Section 24 1 Reproduction With Cones and Flowers (pages 609 616)

Section 24 1 Reproduction With Cones and Flowers (pages 609 616) Chapter 24 Reproduction of Seed Plants Section 24 1 Reproduction With Cones and Flowers (pages 609 616) This section describes the reproductive structures of gymnosperms and angiosperms. It also explains

More information

Indoor Seed Starting 101

Indoor Seed Starting 101 Do you remember planting your first seed? Or perhaps that magical moment when you first observed seedlings emerge from the ground in early spring? Starting seeds indoors with children is a wonderful opportunity

More information

Mighty Oaks From Little Acorns

Mighty Oaks From Little Acorns Science Process: Observe and Measure / Life Science / Math: Measurement (Length), data Analysis (graphing) / reading: Sequencing / Listening / Writing / Visual Arts expression Background Buds are on the

More information

Photosynthesis Lesson Plan 1. Introduction to Photosynthesis (grade 4) Objectives:

Photosynthesis Lesson Plan 1. Introduction to Photosynthesis (grade 4) Objectives: Photosynthesis Lesson Plan 1 Introduction to Photosynthesis (grade 4) Identify types of living things that use photosynthesis. Understand the concept of photosynthesis. Observe how flowers are grown. First

More information

GROWING THINGS SEED COLLAGES

GROWING THINGS SEED COLLAGES ART SEED COLLAGES Materials Needed: Construction paper Glue Variety of seeds Preparation: Place seeds, glue and paper at the art table. Ask the children to make a seed collage. Show the children each of

More information

How Did That Get in My Lunchbox?

How Did That Get in My Lunchbox? A RIF GUIDE FOR COMMUNITY COORDINATORS Before reading: Ask children what they had for lunch. After they respond, ask them to tell you where that food came from. If they answer from the grocery store, ask

More information

A guide for handling for cabbage, carrot, hot pepper, lettuce, sweet potato and tomato. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

A guide for handling for cabbage, carrot, hot pepper, lettuce, sweet potato and tomato. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations A guide for handling for cabbage, carrot, hot pepper, lettuce, sweet potato and tomato Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations A guide for handling for cabbage 1. HARVESTING Harvesting

More information

The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens. How Sweet It Is: Enzyme Action in Seed Germination

The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens. How Sweet It Is: Enzyme Action in Seed Germination The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens How Sweet It Is: Enzyme Action in Seed Germination Overview This experiment is intended to familiarize students with the macromolecule starch,

More information

GENERAL WATERING & CARE GUIDE

GENERAL WATERING & CARE GUIDE GENERAL WATERING & CARE GUIDE Between 30-60 percent of water applied to lawns and gardens is never absorbed by the plants. Water is often wasted because it is applied too quickly and runs off, evaporates

More information

Unit: Healthy Habits Grade: 1

Unit: Healthy Habits Grade: 1 Unit: Healthy Habits 5.3b Good health habits include hand washing, personal cleanliness; avoiding harmful substances; eating a balanced diet; engaging in regular eercise ways to stay healthy Wash hands

More information

Seeds introduction and selection

Seeds introduction and selection Women in Agriculture Training manual for female extension educators Seeds introduction and selection Introduction Part of the fun of growing your own vegetables is choosing from the thousands of varieties

More information

The Seed Challenge How Many Seeds Can You Get from a Single Seed?

The Seed Challenge How Many Seeds Can You Get from a Single Seed? The Seed Challenge How Many Seeds Can You Get from a Single Seed? Grade Level: K-4 Catalog Number: 15-8973 Time to pollinate the flowers Time to harvest the seeds True leaves grow Day 3 Day 7 Day 14 Day

More information

10B Plant Systems Guided Practice

10B Plant Systems Guided Practice 10B Plant Systems Guided Practice Reproduction Station 1 1. Observe Plant A. Locate the following parts of the flower: stamen, stigma, style, ovary. 2. Draw and label the parts of a flower (listed above)

More information

California Treasures High-Frequency Words Scope and Sequence K-3

California Treasures High-Frequency Words Scope and Sequence K-3 California Treasures High-Frequency Words Scope and Sequence K-3 Words were selected using the following established frequency lists: (1) Dolch 220 (2) Fry 100 (3) American Heritage Top 150 Words in English

More information

Parts of a Flower and Pollination

Parts of a Flower and Pollination Science Unit: Lesson 3: Soils, Plants, and First Nations Parts of a Flower and Pollination School year: 2007/2008 Developed for: Britannia Elementary School, Vancouver School District Developed by: Catriona

More information

Exploring Seed Germination by Brad Williamson

Exploring Seed Germination by Brad Williamson Exploring Seed Germination by Brad Williamson Background: Seeds are very remarkable. Laying dormant inside the seed is an embryo plant. Packed with the embryo is enough stored chemical energy to power

More information

Irish potatoes are one of America s most

Irish potatoes are one of America s most E-511 11-10 Easy Gardening Joseph Masabni, Assistant Professor and Extension Horticulturist, The Texas A&M University System Irish potatoes are one of America s most popular vegetables the average American

More information

Identification and Prevention of Frost or Freeze Damage By Linda Reddick, Kingman Area Master Gardener

Identification and Prevention of Frost or Freeze Damage By Linda Reddick, Kingman Area Master Gardener KINGMAN IS GROWING! COLUMN Identification and Prevention of Frost or Freeze Damage By Linda Reddick, Kingman Area Master Gardener Again this year we have been experiencing some very cold weather, with

More information

Gelatin Bubbles. Tami Utley. www.sugarartbytami.com. Materials:

Gelatin Bubbles. Tami Utley. www.sugarartbytami.com. Materials: Gelatin Bubbles By Tami Utley www.sugarartbytami.com Materials: Water Balloons Unflavored Gelatin Luster Dust (Super pearl or others) Toothpick or tweezers Small microwave safe bowl Duct tape Styrofoam

More information

Kansas State University Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service 1

Kansas State University Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service 1 Kansas State University Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service 1 2 Preparing Cut Flowers for Exhibit Exhibiting flowers in shows and fairs can be fun. You and others will enjoy

More information

THE UGLY VEGETABLES. an adaptation of Grace Lin s book by Kelli Pryor. Three GARDENERS are ringed around the back of the STAGE.

THE UGLY VEGETABLES. an adaptation of Grace Lin s book by Kelli Pryor. Three GARDENERS are ringed around the back of the STAGE. THE UGLY VEGETABLES an adaptation of Grace Lin s book by Kelli Pryor SCENE: A PLEASANT NEIGHBORHOOD Three GARDENERS are ringed around the back of the STAGE. MRS. CRUMERINE works with a delicate TROWEL.

More information

Activities and Ideas: Plants, Trees, and Seeds

Activities and Ideas: Plants, Trees, and Seeds Mathematics Measurement: Take students outside to the playground with a list of plant and/or tree items they will find there (tree trunks, branches, leaves, seeds, flowers, etc.) and a measurement tool

More information

Discover what you can build with ice. Try to keep ice cubes from melting. Create colored ice for painting

Discover what you can build with ice. Try to keep ice cubes from melting. Create colored ice for painting Visit Moody Gardens this holiday season and check out the coolest exhibit around ICE LAND: Ice Sculptures. After your visit, try out these ice-related activities. Discover what you can build with ice Try

More information

4th GRADE MINIMUM CONTENTS-NATURAL SCIENCE UNIT 11: PLANTS

4th GRADE MINIMUM CONTENTS-NATURAL SCIENCE UNIT 11: PLANTS PLANT BITS 4th GRADE MINIMUM CONTENTS-NATURAL SCIENCE UNIT 11: PLANTS There are four main parts to a plant. They are the root, stem, leaf and flower. Each part has an important task to do in the life of

More information

1/2/3. Finding out about the Water Cycle

1/2/3. Finding out about the Water Cycle The Water Cycle 1/2/3. Finding out about the Water Cycle Aims: To enable pupils to learn and understand what happens at each stage of the Water Cycle To introduce specific vocabulary related to the Water

More information

Time: Depending on the size and behavior of the dog, this procedure will take no longer than approximately two hours.

Time: Depending on the size and behavior of the dog, this procedure will take no longer than approximately two hours. How to Groom a Dog Purpose This set of basic grooming instructions inform dog owners, veterinary staff, groomers and even interested animal lovers on how to groom a dog. The dog grooming instructional

More information

Selection, Use, and Care of Brushes

Selection, Use, and Care of Brushes Wood Finishing & Refinishing Fact Sheet #2 Selection, Use, and Care of Brushes Dr. Leona K. Hawks Home Furnishings and Housing Specialist 1995 HI 22 Good results in wood refinishing depend to a large extent

More information

Fry Phrases Set 1. TeacherHelpForParents.com help for all areas of your child s education

Fry Phrases Set 1. TeacherHelpForParents.com help for all areas of your child s education Set 1 The people Write it down By the water Who will make it? You and I What will they do? He called me. We had their dog. What did they say? When would you go? No way A number of people One or two How

More information

Plant Parts. Background Information

Plant Parts. Background Information Purpose The purpose of this lesson is for students to learn the six basic plant parts and their functions. Time Teacher Preparation: 30 minutes Student Activity: 60 minutes Materials For the teacher demonstration:

More information

Close Reading Read Aloud

Close Reading Read Aloud Close Reading Read Aloud Text Title: From Seed to Pumpkin Author: Wendy Pfeffer Publisher: HarperCollins Publishers, Inc. ISBN: 0 06 445190 9 Learning Objectives: The goal of this lesson is to give the

More information

INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE HUMIRA 40 MG/0.8 ML SINGLE-USE PEN

INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE HUMIRA 40 MG/0.8 ML SINGLE-USE PEN INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE HUMIRA (Hu-MARE-ah) (adalimumab) 40 MG/0.8 ML SINGLE-USE PEN Do not try to inject HUMIRA yourself until you have been shown the right way to give the injections and have read and understand

More information

Effect of Light Colors on Bean Plant Growth

Effect of Light Colors on Bean Plant Growth Effect of Light Colors on Bean Plant Growth Teacher Edition Grade: Grades 6-8 Delaware State Science Standard: Science Standard 6 - Life Processes Strand: Structure/Function Relationship Strand: Matter

More information

How To Work With Beads. By Rowan

How To Work With Beads. By Rowan R O W A N How To Work With Beads By Rowan HOW TO WORK WITH BEADS Adding beads to a knitted or crocheted design gives it a really special touch especially when the beads added are as stunning as those in

More information

Institute. BioSnacky. Fantastic nutrition with sprouted seeds. by Alison Cullen H E A L T H I N F O R M A T I O N S E R I E S

Institute. BioSnacky. Fantastic nutrition with sprouted seeds. by Alison Cullen H E A L T H I N F O R M A T I O N S E R I E S BioSnacky Fantastic nutrition with sprouted seeds by Alison Cullen Institute H E A L T H I N F O R M A T I O N S E R I E S Sprouted seeds: An excellent source of nutrients! Question: Do you eat enough

More information

IGCSE and GCSE Biology. Answers to questions. Section 2. Flowering Plants. Chapters 6-9. Chapter 6 Plant structure and function

IGCSE and GCSE Biology. Answers to questions. Section 2. Flowering Plants. Chapters 6-9. Chapter 6 Plant structure and function 1 IGCSE and GCSE Biology. Answers to questions Section 2. Flowering Plants. Chapters 6-9 Chapter 6 Plant structure and function Page 54 1. a Epidermis. Helps maintain shape, reduces evaporation, resists

More information

Grow plants without a garden with a Sub-Irrigated Planter (SIP):

Grow plants without a garden with a Sub-Irrigated Planter (SIP): A SIP is any method of watering plants where the water is introduced from the bottom, allowing the water to soak upwards to the plant through capillary action. It is also possible to automate the watering

More information

How clean is your kitchen?

How clean is your kitchen? Learning Objectives - There can be harmful microbes found on raw food, especially raw meat - The best way to destroy harmful microbes on meat is to cook thoroughly - Always wash your hands after touching

More information

USE AND CARE INSTRUCTIONS for your Invisalign aligners

USE AND CARE INSTRUCTIONS for your Invisalign aligners USE AND CARE INSTRUCTIONS for your Invisalign aligners WEARING AND USING YOURINVISALIGN ALIGNERS - ENGLISH Here are some tips to help ensure proper use and avoid damaging your aligners. Always Remember

More information

Will It Sprout? Seed Germination Test

Will It Sprout? Seed Germination Test Objective Will It Sprout? Seed Germination Test The student will understand the importance of a seed germination test performed on field seed, and will do a classroom germ test. Grade Level 1-3 4-6 TEKS:

More information

Free-Form Concrete Pool

Free-Form Concrete Pool The tranquil beauty and playful shimmer of a reflecting pool or fountain is just the thing to enhance the charm of your garden or patio. Best of all, you can do all the work yourself. Add goldfish or water

More information

Starting Plants Indoors from Seed

Starting Plants Indoors from Seed Starting Plants Indoors from Seed Gardeners can grow most annuals, biennials and many of the popular herbaceous perennials from seed. Sowing seed is less expensive than buying established plants and requires

More information

TEACHING Parts of Plants

TEACHING Parts of Plants TEACHING GUIDE TEACHING Parts of Plants Kindergarten Reading Level ISBN-13: 978-0-8225-1798-6 2 TEACHING PARTS OF PLANTS Standards Language Arts Reading Language Arts Writing Language Arts Listening and

More information

Students will have an opportunity to examine a variety of fruit to discover that each has

Students will have an opportunity to examine a variety of fruit to discover that each has Botanical Garden Programs: Discovering Plants I. Introduction Students will have an opportunity to examine a variety of fruit to discover that each has seeds. Even cotton and some vegetables are considered

More information

M O L D & M I L D E W

M O L D & M I L D E W Volume 1 HOWARD DOUGHMAN, MBA R E M O V E M O L D & M I L D E W F R O M F A B R I C S REMOVE MOLD & MILDEW FROM FABRICS Howard Doughman 3202 Chelmsford Drive Spring Grove, IL 60081 Phone 815.276.2465 howard@mold-removal-tips.com,

More information

As closely related members of the rose family,

As closely related members of the rose family, E-612 2-13 Texas Fruit and Nut Production lums, Nectarines, Apricots Cherries, Almonds and Prunus hybrids Larry Stein, Jim Kamas, and Monte Nesbitt Extension Fruit Specialists, The Texas A&M University

More information

Onion & Leek Planting Guide

Onion & Leek Planting Guide Onion & Leek Planting Guide Important Remove plants from box immediately. Do not put in soil or water before planting. Keep cool and dry until you can plant. Follow the instructions inside for best results.

More information

Farm to Fork. Dr. Clifford Hall

Farm to Fork. Dr. Clifford Hall Farm to Fork Dr. Clifford Hall Clifford.Hall@NDSU.edu Dr. Hall is an Associate Professor of Food Sciences at North Dakota State University, Fargo, North Dakota, and a Member of the Bean Institute Editorial

More information

Looking After Your Teeth

Looking After Your Teeth Language: Translator s name: + Translator s email/phone number: + Thare Machi Education, PO Box 4040, Leamington Spa, CV32 5YJ, UK. mail@tme.org.uk, +441926 422711 www.tme.org.uk. Reg Company No 3921677,

More information

How to make a Solitary Bee Box

How to make a Solitary Bee Box How to make a Solitary Bee Box **Note: The following instructions include the use of tools that may be dangerous. Ensure there is adult supervision with children. Time: 1 hour People: 1-2+ Materials: Wood

More information

Free SO 2. by Aeration-Oxidation. A n o t h e r M o r e M a n u a l!

Free SO 2. by Aeration-Oxidation. A n o t h e r M o r e M a n u a l! Free SO 2 by Aeration-Oxidation A n o t h e r M o r e M a n u a l! Provided by MoreWine! A MoreFlavor!, Inc. Brand www.morewinemaking.com 1-800-600-0033 H570 MT116 MT104 D1702 MT117 R335 D1702 Kit Item

More information

EXTERNAL AND INTERNAL STIMULI

EXTERNAL AND INTERNAL STIMULI reflect Think for a moment about activities that require balance. Riding a bicycle and walking across a balance beam require great balance. So do most daily activities like bending over to pick up a book

More information

Budding and Grafting Citrus and Avocados in the Home Garden

Budding and Grafting Citrus and Avocados in the Home Garden PUBLICATION 8001 Budding and Grafting Citrus and Avocados in the Home Garden UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources PAM ELAM University of California Cooperative Extension

More information

How to Fill a Cavity WHEN NOT TO PLACE A FILLING CHAPTER10

How to Fill a Cavity WHEN NOT TO PLACE A FILLING CHAPTER10 143 How to Fill a Cavity CHAPTER10 When someone s tooth hurts, you do not always need to take it out. There may be a way to treat it and keep it. Always ask yourself whether a bad tooth really needs to

More information

T-SHIRT PRINTING FOR FUN AND PROFIT

T-SHIRT PRINTING FOR FUN AND PROFIT T-SHIRT PRINTING FOR FUN AND PROFIT Presented by: Rick Folea, FRC 1746 Greg Welsch, FRC 1746 Rusty Ray, FRC 1746 Outline Motivation It s simple, easy, fun and inexpensive! Examples of what you can do not

More information

Class 4 Poetry 2008. Forever. Killer Lightning!! Lightning is dangerous so Keep Away!! By Gregory

Class 4 Poetry 2008. Forever. Killer Lightning!! Lightning is dangerous so Keep Away!! By Gregory Class 4 Poetry 2008 Forever I went through A golden gate, A silver gate, A mother of pearl gate. Until I found a path, I followed it to I do not know where, But I ve followed it there, Through tangled

More information

Apricot Tree Prunus armeniaca

Apricot Tree Prunus armeniaca Apricot Tree Prunus armeniaca Up to 25-30 tall x 15-20 wide or partial shade 10 degrees F. General: The Apricot Tree is a subspecies of the peach and dates back 3,000 years to northeastern China. Apricots

More information

1 SEEDLING QUALITY. Seedling quality

1 SEEDLING QUALITY. Seedling quality Seedling quality Quality versus quantity A nursery manager s most important goal is to produce quality trees. Quality is more important than quantity. It is a common mistake in nurseries to concentrate

More information

Getting Your Hand Moving After a Wrist Fracture

Getting Your Hand Moving After a Wrist Fracture Information for patients Getting Your Hand Moving After a Wrist Fracture Physiotherapy Department Tel: 01473 703318 DPS ref: 06175-14(RP) Issue 1: April 2015 Review date: March 2018 The Ipswich Hospital

More information

Aspen Seed Collection and Cleaning

Aspen Seed Collection and Cleaning Technical Note April 2013 Aspen Seed Collection and Cleaning Ann Smreciu, Simon Landhäusser, Eckehart Marenholtz, Jean-Marie Sobze, Kim Gould, Florence Niemi, Amanda Schoonmaker Introduction Production

More information

Ready to grow? Welcome to Dig In, the BBC campaign that gets you growing your own grub in whatever space you have. Plan your space.

Ready to grow? Welcome to Dig In, the BBC campaign that gets you growing your own grub in whatever space you have. Plan your space. bbc.co.uk/digin Welcome to Dig In, the BBC campaign that gets you growing your own grub in whatever space you have. There s nothing quite like growing your own. When you ve sowed the seeds, cared for your

More information

Craft Activities for Children Simple art ideas for kids of all ages and backgrounds

Craft Activities for Children Simple art ideas for kids of all ages and backgrounds Craft Activities for Children Simple art ideas for kids of all ages and backgrounds 1. Introduction 2. Pasta Crafts 3. Potato Printing 4. Puppet Making 5. Bubble Blowing 6. Collaging 7. Mask Making 1 Introduction

More information

Dissect a Flower. Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens

Dissect a Flower. Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens Dissect a Flower Overview Students dissect an Alstroemeria or similar flower to familiarize themselves with the basic parts of a flower. They

More information

Going home after an AV Fistula or AV Graft

Going home after an AV Fistula or AV Graft Going home after an AV Fistula or AV Graft TGH Information for patients and families During your hospital stay, your surgeon created an: AV Fistula AV Graft Read this booklet to learn: how to care for

More information

Getting Started with WebSite Tonight

Getting Started with WebSite Tonight Getting Started with WebSite Tonight WebSite Tonight Getting Started Guide Version 3.0 (12.2010) Copyright 2010. All rights reserved. Distribution of this work or derivative of this work is prohibited

More information

www.vireya.net Successful Propagation Techniques Brian Clancy

www.vireya.net Successful Propagation Techniques Brian Clancy Successful Propagation Techniques Brian Clancy From 'The Rhododendron' Journal of the Australian Rhododendron Society Volume 31, Spring 1991 The techniques of striking rhododendrons from cuttings is basically

More information

Virginia Gardener http://www.hort.vt.edu/envirohort

Virginia Gardener http://www.hort.vt.edu/envirohort The Virginia Gardener http://www.hort.vt.edu/envirohort Name Help Sheets: Things Plants Need There are certain things that every living thing needs in order to live and grow. Just like you, plants need

More information

Growing Miniature Roses Indoors By: Ronald Schwerdt, 2-8-03

Growing Miniature Roses Indoors By: Ronald Schwerdt, 2-8-03 Growing Miniature Roses Indoors By: Ronald Schwerdt, 2-8-03 If you would like to have miniature roses growing indoors during the cold winter months when the snow is deep over your rose beds, late fall

More information

Corn Tissue Sampling WHEN AND HOW

Corn Tissue Sampling WHEN AND HOW WHEN AND HOW Corn Tissue Sampling After the grower, farm, field and plant tissue work order have been created within the Nutra-Links Crop Intelligence software; 1. Print the field s work order and take

More information

call 811 to get advice from a nurse, or have someone drive the patient to a hospital Emergency Department. Patients should NOT drive themselves.

call 811 to get advice from a nurse, or have someone drive the patient to a hospital Emergency Department. Patients should NOT drive themselves. Taking Care at Home After Surgery This checklist is to help you and your support person know what to do after you go home following your surgery. If you are given instructions verbally or in writing by

More information

The Fruit of the Spirit is Love

The Fruit of the Spirit is Love The Fruit of the Spirit is Love Pre-Session Warm Up (Galatians 5:22-23) Today we are going to learn more about the fruit of the Spirit called, Love. What do you think of when you hear the word love? A

More information

One basic need of living things is energy. Living things use food and water to get energy. The bird is living. It eats fish for energy.

One basic need of living things is energy. Living things use food and water to get energy. The bird is living. It eats fish for energy. reflect If you are cold, what can you do to get warm? You could put on a coat and hat. You can jump in place. These are ways you might react to the cold. Now think about a rock. What if a rock is somewhere

More information

How Much Does Acid Rain Hinder the Growth Height of Brassica rapa Plants Without Other Environmental Stressors?

How Much Does Acid Rain Hinder the Growth Height of Brassica rapa Plants Without Other Environmental Stressors? How Much Does Acid Rain Hinder the Growth Height of Brassica rapa Plants Without Other Environmental Stressors? Author(s) Redacted Abstract: Brassica rapa plants are one of many plants in the environment

More information

Basic Bread. Equipment: Ingredients:

Basic Bread. Equipment: Ingredients: Equipment: kitchen scales measuring spoons 2 large mixing bowls scissors 1 medium mixing jug, big enough for 500 ml at least wooden spoon pastry brush large board or flat, clean surface for kneading dough

More information

* Readily available from supermarkets and health food stores. 80-145 minutes (total over 3 to 7 days) SOSE: Investigate Australia s salinity crisis

* Readily available from supermarkets and health food stores. 80-145 minutes (total over 3 to 7 days) SOSE: Investigate Australia s salinity crisis Lesson Plan 12 Salt and germination Brief description This fascinating, cheap and very reliable experiment clearly demonstrates the damaging effects of salinity (salt) on seed germination. Mung beans are

More information

LRSD Pre-Kindergarten Curriculum Science Lessons & Experiences

LRSD Pre-Kindergarten Curriculum Science Lessons & Experiences Science activities provide the opportunity for students to experience the word around them. Complementary science tasks were developed in June 2013 to enhance and give additional experiences related to

More information

Citrus Propagation 1. Fact Sheet HS-86 June 1994. J. G. Williamson and L. K. Jackson 2 DEFINITIONS OF HORTICULTURAL TERMS COMPOSITION OF A CITRUS TREE

Citrus Propagation 1. Fact Sheet HS-86 June 1994. J. G. Williamson and L. K. Jackson 2 DEFINITIONS OF HORTICULTURAL TERMS COMPOSITION OF A CITRUS TREE Fact Sheet HS-86 June 1994 Citrus Propagation 1 J. G. Williamson and L. K. Jackson 2 Home fruit growers often want to propagate their own citrus trees, or change varieties by top-working an existing tree

More information

PUSD High Frequency Word List

PUSD High Frequency Word List PUSD High Frequency Word List For Reading and Spelling Grades K-5 High Frequency or instant words are important because: 1. You can t read a sentence or a paragraph without knowing at least the most common.

More information

Fluoride Strengthens Teeth

Fluoride Strengthens Teeth Fluoride Strengthens Teeth Two hard-boiled eggs Fluoride gel or solution, 4 to 6 oz. (from dental office) Three clean plastic containers Several cans of dark soda Water 1. Place a hard-boiled egg in one

More information

Plant Growth - Light and Shade

Plant Growth - Light and Shade Science Unit: Lesson 5: Plants Plant Growth - Light and Shade School year: 2004/2005 Developed for: Developed by: Grade level: Duration of lesson: Notes: Queen Alexandra Elementary School, Vancouver School

More information

Hydroseed Care Guide

Hydroseed Care Guide Hydroseed Care Guide Please read carefully and sign the invoice in the space provided to show us that you have received the Instructional Care Guide and acknowledge your responsibility to read and implement

More information

Caring for Your PleurX Pleural Catheter

Caring for Your PleurX Pleural Catheter Caring for Your PleurX Pleural Catheter A PleurX Pleural Catheter has been placed in your chest through a small incision in your skin into the pleural space (see picture below). This allows you to drain

More information

Let s see if I can convince you

Let s see if I can convince you Chapter 33: Page 328 How many times have you been sick in the past year? Once, twice, three times? What if I told you there are ways to keep from getting sick so many times? Would you do it? Let s see

More information

Making a Terrarium. fairchild tropical botanic garden 1

Making a Terrarium. fairchild tropical botanic garden 1 Making a Terrarium What is a Terrarium? A terrarium is a collection of small plants growing in a transparent, sealed container. A terrarium is a closed environment, and can actually be used to illustrate

More information

TrūShine Gel Enamel FAQs

TrūShine Gel Enamel FAQs Q. Is TrūShine Gel Enamel 5-Free? TrūShine Gel Enamel FAQs Yes. All TrūShine Gel Enamel formulas are without DBP, Formaldehyde, Toluene, Formaldehyde Resin, and Camphor. Q. Can Host Rewards be applied

More information

Here Come the Sunflowers!

Here Come the Sunflowers! Here Come the Sunflowers! Overview Students will have an opportunity to learn about sunflowers and plant sunflower seeds, a native plant of the North American prairie. Suggested Grade Level PreK - 1 Estimated

More information

Henry the Hand School Skit

Henry the Hand School Skit Henry the Hand School Skit (We encourage the Facilitator to use an assembly program, preferably with multiple grade levels present. Kindergarten through 3 rd grades are most receptive and also very effective

More information

Check that you have the correct paper. Please complete the information above. You do not need to use complete sentences for the reading assessment.

Check that you have the correct paper. Please complete the information above. You do not need to use complete sentences for the reading assessment. Learner name Learner registration number Learner signature Centre Assessment date Functional Skills English Assessment Reading Level 1 NOCN USE ONLY Question Mark 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Total Instructions to candidates

More information

Advent Wreath and Prayers

Advent Wreath and Prayers Advent Wreath and Prayers The Advent wreath itself is simply a circle of greens holding four candles. Even little children will be delighted to assist or accompany parents in buying or cutting tree boughs

More information

MEETING 1 PLAN RATIONALE FOR ADVENTURE TAKEAWAYS FOR CUB SCOUTS PREPARATION AND MATERIALS NEEDED

MEETING 1 PLAN RATIONALE FOR ADVENTURE TAKEAWAYS FOR CUB SCOUTS PREPARATION AND MATERIALS NEEDED GROW SOMETHING RATIONALE FOR ADVENTURE In this adventure, Wolves will come to understand how plants grow and the importance of taking care of our natural resources and the environment. They will also learn

More information