2 nd Grade Science Unit B: Life Sciences Chapter 3: Plants and Animals in Their Environment Lesson 1: How are plants and animals like their parents?

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1 2 nd Grade Science Unit B: Life Sciences Chapter 3: Plants and Animals in Their Environment Lesson 1: How are plants and animals like their parents?

2 offspring

3 Offspring are young plants and animals.

4 Offspring look like their parents in some ways. What are offspring? What context clues did you find?

5 plants

6 A plant a seedling or small vegetable growth.

7 Plants need sunlight to grow. What do young plants inherit from the parent plant?

8 animals

9 Animals are any living things other than human beings.

10 Young animals can look like their parents. What are some young animals that look like their parents? What are some young animals that do not look like their parents?

11 inherit

12 Inherit is to get some things from one s parents.

13 Young rabbits inherit long ears, large eyes, and short tails from their parents. What are some ways in which offspring from the same parent can look different from one another?

14 young

15 Young is being in the first or early stage of life or growth.

16 A young deer does not have antlers. What does the word young mean? When something is young it is what?

17 parents

18 Parents are a father or a mother.

19 Young animals are usually like their parents in color and shape. A parent can be what? What context clues did you find?

20 alike

21 Alike is in the same manner or form.

22 Offspring from the same parent normally look alike in color and size. What do you think the word alike means? Give me an example of two things that are alike?

23 different

24 Different is not alike.

25 Offspring from the same mother can look different. What do you think the word different means? Tell me two animals that look different?

26 2 nd Grade Science Unit B: Life Sciences Chapter 3: Plants and Animals in Their Environment Lesson 2: How does the environment affect plants and animals?

27 environment

28 Environment is everything around a living thing like air, sunlight, water, and soil.

29 The environment includes air, sunlight, water, and soil. What do you think the word environment means? What is in an environment?

30 sunlight

31 Sunlight is the light from the sun.

32 The amount of sunlight can change the way a plant looks and grows. What do you think the word sunlight means? What happens to a plant in the sunlight?

33 soil

34 Soil is the portion of the Earth s surface.

35 Soil helps plants grow. What do you think the word soil means? What does soil help to grow?

36 change

37 Change is to make the form different.

38 A caterpillar changes to a butterfly. What do you think the word change means? What kinds of things change? What context clues did you find?

39 2 nd Grade Science Unit B: Life Sciences Chapter 3: Plants and Animals in Their Environment Lesson 3: How are plants different?

40 flowers

41 A flower is a brightly colored part of a plant.

42 Flowers come in many colors. What do you think the word flower means? What can you tell from the context clues?

43 large

44 Large is something that is big or huge.

45 Some plants can be very large in size. What do you think the word large means? What can you tell from the context clues?

46 small

47 Small is something that is tiny.

48 Some plants are small in size. What do you think the word small means? What can you tell from the context clues?

49 sizes

50 Sizes can be small, medium, or large.

51 2 nd Grade Science Unit B: Life Sciences Chapter 3: Plants and Animals in Their Environment Lesson 4: How are animals different?

52 different

53 Different is not alike.

54 There are many different kinds of cats. Name two animals that are different? What context clues did you find?

55 alike

56 Alike is in the same manner or form.

57 Cats do not all look alike. What do you think the word alike means? Name two animals that look alike.

58 sizes

59 Sizes can be small, medium, or large.

60 Cats can be different sizes. What do you think the word size mean? What context clues did you use?

61 long

62 Long is the opposite of short.

63 Some plants have long stems. What do you think this word means? What context clues did you find? Name an object that is long.

64 short

65 Short is the opposite of long.

66 Some plants are short. What do you think the word short means? Name something that is short?

67 2 nd Grade Science Unit B: Life Sciences Chapter 4: Animal Life Cycles Lesson 1: What is a life cycle?

68 life cycle

69 A life cycle is the way a living thing grows and changes.

70 All animals have life cycles. What do you think the word life cycle means? What context clues did you find?

71 grow

72 Grow means to increase in size.

73 All animals change size and shape when they grow. What do you think the word grow means? Name an animal that grows. What context clues did you find?

74 shape

75 Shape is an outline of an object.

76 Many animals change shape and color. What do you think the word shape means? Give me an example of an animal that takes shape to something. What context clues did you find?

77 mammal

78 A mammal is an animal that usually has hair or fur on its body.

79 A mammal usually has hair or fur and looks like their parents in many ways. What do you think the word mammal means? Give me an example of an animal that is a mammal. Tell why it is a mammal.

80 insect

81 An insect is an animal that has three body parts and six legs.

82 A butterfly is an insect. Many young insects do not look like their parents. What do you think the word insect means? Name an insect and tell why it is an insect.

83 amphibian

84 An amphibian is an animal that lives part of its life in water and part on land.

85 Amphibians lives part of their life in water and part on land. What do you think the word amphibian means? Name an animal that is an amphibian and tell why?

86 2 nd Grade Science Unit B: Life Sciences Chapter 4: Animal Life Cycles Lesson 2: What is the life cycle of a frog?

87 tadpole

88 A tadpole is the second stage of a frog s life cycle.

89 A tadpole has a tail and begins life in water. What do you think the word tadpole means? What can you tell from the context clues?

90 egg

91 An egg is the roundish reproductive body produced by the female of certain animals.

92 An adult frog lays eggs in the water. What do you think the word egg means? What can you tell from the context clues?

93 young frog

94 A young frog is a tailless, stout-bodied amphibian.

95 A young frog grows into an adult frog. What do you think the word young frog means? What can you tell from the context clues?

96 adult frog

97 An adult frog is a grown tailless, stoutbodied amphibian.

98 Adult frogs do not have tails and can live on land or in water. What do you think the word adult frog means? Compare a young frog to an adult frog?

99 amphibian

100 An amphibian is an animal that lives part of its life in water and part on land.

101 A frog is an amphibian. What do you think the word amphibian means? What do you think a frog is an amphibian?

102 2 nd Grade Science Unit B: Life Sciences Chapter 4: Animal Life Cycles Lesson 3: What is the life cycle of a mouse?

103 mammal

104 A mammal is an animal that usually has hair or fur on its body.

105 A mouse is a mammal. What do you think the word mammal means? What can you tell from the context clues? Name an animal that is a mammal. Why?

106 2 nd Grade Science Unit B: Life Sciences Chapter 4: Animal Life Cycles Lesson 4: What is the life cycle of a butterfly?

107 insects

108 Insects are any animals of the class Insecta comprising small, airbreathing arthropods having the body divided into three parts.

109 A butterfly is an insect with four stages in its life cycle. What do you think the word insect means? What can you tell from the context clues?

110 life cycle

111 A life cycle is the way a living thing grows and changes.

112 A butterfly is an insect with four stages in its life cycle. What do you think the word life cycle means? What can you tell by looking at the context clues?

113 larva

114 A larva is a young insect.

115 The butterfly larva is called a caterpillar. What do you think the word larva means? What can you tell from your context clues?

116 pupa

117 A pupa is the stage after the larva in the life cycle of some insects.

118 A caterpillar becomes a pupa and wings begin to grow. What do you think the word pupa means? What can you tell from the context clues?

119 2 nd Grade Science Unit B: Life Sciences Chapter 4: Animal Life Cycles Lesson 5: What is the life cycle of a grasshopper?

120 life cycle

121 A life cycle is the way a living thing grows and changes.

122 A grasshopper has three stages in its life cycle. What do you think the word life cycle means? What can you tell by looking at the context clues?

123 stages

124 A stage is a phase, period, or position in a process, development, or series.

125 The first stage of a grasshopper is an egg. What do you think the word stage means? What can you tell from looking at the context clues?

126 insect

127 An insect is any animal of the class Insecta comprising small, airbreathing arthropods having the body divided into three parts.

128 A grasshopper is an insect. What do you think the word insect means? Give an example of something that is an insect. Tell why it is an insect? What can you tell from looking at the context clues?

129 egg

130 An egg is the roundish reproductive body produced by the female of certain animals.

131 An adult grasshopper many lay eggs. What do you think the word eggs mean? What can you tell by looking at the context clues?

132 2 nd2 Grade 2 nd Grade Science Unit B: Life Sciences Chapter 5: All About Plants Lesson 1: What do plants need to grow?

133 plants

134 Plants are organisms that produce their own goods from photosynthesis.

135 Most plants have leaves and some have flowers. What do you think the word plant means? Why is it important to learn about plants?

136 nutrients

137 Nutrients provide nourishment.

138 Roots carry water and nutrients to the stem. What do you think the word nutrients means? Why is it important to know what nutrients are and what they do?

139 stem

140 A stem supports the plant. It contains thin tubes for carrying food, minerals, and water.

141 The stem holds up the plant and carries water to the leaves. What do you think the word stem means? Why is it important that we learn about stems?

142 seeds

143 A seed is the part of a plant that has a tiny new plant inside it.

144 I planted the seeds in the garden. What do you think the word seeds means? What context clues did you find?

145 2 nd Grade Science Unit B: Life Sciences Chapter 5: All About Plants Lesson 2: How can the environment change the way plants grow?

146 plants

147 Plants are organisms that produce their own goods from photosynthesis.

148 Changes in the environment can change the way a plant grows. Plants need the right amount of and to grow and stay healthy.

149 gravity

150 Gravity is the force that makes bodies fall toward the center of the Earth.

151 Wind and gravity can make the branches on a plant fall downward. Vines can grow in different ways when they touch objects, but makes the vines fall.

152 environment

153 Environment is the air, water, minerals, organisms, and all other external factors affecting an organism.

154 Changes in the environment can change the way a plant grows. When a plants environment changes in it can change the way a grows

155 healthy

156 Healthy means possessing good health.

157 Plants need the right amount of heat and coolness to stay healthy. If it is too or too, some plants may not stay healthy.

158 temperature

159 Temperature is a measure of warmth or coldness of an object or substance.

160 Changes in temperature can change the way a plant grows. or temperatures may a plant. When a is in extreme temperatures it will not stay.

161 2 nd Grade Science Unit B: Life Sciences Chapter 5: All About Plants Lesson 3: How do flowers, seeds, and fruits help plants grow?

162 pollen

163 Pollen is a powder found in flowers.

164 Pollen is needed to make seeds grow. A powder called is found the.

165 seed coat

166 A seed coat is the hard outer covering of a seed.

167 The seed coat protects the new plant. A seed has a outer covering called a.

168 germinate

169 Germinate means begin to grow.

170 A peach tree begins as a seed and then the peach seed germinates. A seed that gets enough and a may.

171 seedling

172 Seedling is a young plant.

173 A young plant is called a seedling. The will and, it will become a peach tree.

174 petals

175 A petal one of the often colored segments of a flower.

176 Petals are often colored. The part of a flower is called a and can come in many.

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