# Teaching Technology and Engineering STEM Showcase

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1 Teaching Technology and Engineering STEM Showcase Best Practice: Using Origami As A STEM Tool Best Practice Description: Track and model the Frog s Life Cycle including its methods of movement at different stages of development. Use creative designs with origami folds to model the frogs statute and movement. Objectives: By the end of our STEM project, we will be able to: Describe the frog as a living thing. Develop an array of models to explain the frogs unique and diverse life cycle. Explain what origami is and its origin. Demonstrate the art of origami by folding paper to create models of frogs. Use origami models to construct explanations as to how some frogs move. Use various forms of technology to record data on the model frogs movement. Design and construct an investigation using origami figures to model the frog and to collect data on the various movements of jumping frogs (height, distance, stability). STEM Activities: Part I (Pre-activities) Review the life cycle of the frog Compare the frog to other amphibians Part II (Pre-activities) Review the art of origami via Internet, use of projector or printed instructions. Apply knowledge of geometric terms to construct sample frog figures. Part III Conduct a project to test and determine the best attributes of the designed frogs. Test sample figures to illustrate/replicate various movements of jumping frogs. Modify the design based on data collected to increase the origami frogs ability in jumping height, distance and stability. Part IV Assessments (Extensions) S - Collaboratively develop or revise an origami model based on evidence that shows the relationship among variables for repeated frog jumps. T - Record folding process of models via digital camera (still shots or video) Use the shots to publish on school webpage or newsletter Use technology to collect/record and manipulate data for the project E - Describe the folding process using geometric terms that apply to select origami frog models M - Solve math problems related to the project; e.g. elapsed time, geometric shapes, or lines of symmetry, etc.

2 Using Origami As A STEM Tool ~ Standards CONNECTING TO THE STANDARDS ~ NGSS: 1) Life Science and 2) Engineering, Technology, and Applications of Science Standard 3-LS1. Inheritance and Variation of Traits: Life Cycles and Traits 3-LS1-1. Develop models to describe that organisms have unique and diverse life cycles but all have in common birth, growth, reproduction, death. Science and Engineering Practices Developing and Using Models; Analyzing and Interpreting Data; Disciplinary Core Ideas: LS1.B: Growth and Development of Organisms LS3.A: Inheritance of Traits LS3.B: Variation of Traits Crosscutting Concepts Patterns; Cause and Effect Standard 4-LS1. From Molecules to Organisms: Structures and Processes Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions 4-LS1-1. Construct an argument that plants and animals have internal and external structures that function to support survival, growth, behavior and reproduction. Asking Questions and Defining Problems; Developing and Using Models; Planning and Carrying out Investigations 4-LS1D. Information Processing Cause and Effect; Systems and Systems Models Standard: MS-ETS1. Engineering Design Performance Expectation: MS-ETS1-1. Define the criteria and constraints of a design problem with sufficient precision to ensure a successful solution, taking into account relevant scientific principles and potential impacts on people and the natural environment that may limit possible solutions. Asking Questions and Defining Problems; Developing and Using Models; Analyzing and Interpreting Data; Engaging in Argument from Evidence ETS1.A. Defining and Delimiting Engineering Problems ETS1.B. Developing Possible Solutions ETS.1.C. Optimizing the Design Solution Influence of Science, Engineering, and Technology on Society and the Natural World Standard: 3-5-ETS1 Engineering Design 3-5-ETS1-1. Define a simple design problem reflecting a need or a want that includes specified criteria for success and constraints on materials, time, or cost. 3-5-ETS1-2. Generate and compare multiple possible solutions to a problem based on how well each is likely to meet the criteria and constraints of the problem. Asking Questions and Defining Problems; Planning and Carrying Out Investigations; Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions ETS1.A. Defining and Delimiting Engineering Problems ETS1.B. Developing Possible Solutions ETS.1.C. Optimizing the Design Solution Influence of Science, Engineering, and Technology on Society and the Natural World Common Core State Standards Connections: ELA/Literacy: RI.3.1; RI.3.2; RI.3.3; W.3.2; SL Mathematics: MP.2; MP.4; 4.G.A.3; 5N.F.B.7; 4.N.F.A.2 References and Support Credits for Origami activities: University of Wisconsin Sea Grant Institute Crease, Crease, Crease Video produced by Patricia Cooper, TILT Team Member, NOVA

3 Teaching Technology and Engineering STEM Showcase USING AN INTEGRATED PROCESS APPROACH AND LITERACY TO PROMOTE STEM INSTRUCTIONAL PRACTICES This instructional tool is designed to showcase the integration of STEM education in all classrooms, and in particular, elementary classrooms. It will foster deepening one s understanding of the relatedness of science, technology, engineering and mathematics; and will demonstrate the use of science trade books as an entity to promote literacy and highlight the present day and historical contributions of scientists and inventors from all cultural groups. This project will provide examples of teacher and student work. ~ ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS ~ What are the STEM processes; how are the processes related; and how do the instructional practices of STEM impact personal and social perspectives in our society? STEM PROCESSES SCIENCE PRACTICES TECHNOLOGICAL DESIGN ENGINEERING DESIGN MATHEMATICS PRACTICES Ask questions and define problems. Develop and use models. Plan and carry out investigations. Analyze and interpret data. Use mathematics and computational thinking. Construct explanations and design solutions. Engage in argument from evidence. Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information. Identify the problem. Define the problem. Generate ideas for possible solutions. Select the best solution. Model the solution. Evaluate the solution. Refine the solution as needed. Communicate the solution. Ask a question. Imagine an idea or solution. Plan Create a product. Improve on the product. Continue the cycle. ~ MULTI-DISCIPLINARY CURRICULAR COMPONENTS ~ Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them. Reason abstractly and quantitatively. Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others. Model with mathematics. Use appropriate tools strategically. Attend to precision. Look for and make use of structure. Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning. How are core curricular standards addressed through the teaching and learning of STEM concepts? Discipline Standard Concept Challenge Science Life Science Science/Engineer Practices Crosscutting Concepts Life Cycles and Animal Structures and Processes Human endeavors Design & construct model Origami frogs Read: B. Taylor, Frogs & Snakes Technology Design World Communication technology & engineering Use Communication and Audio-visual Technologies to showcase origami model Engineering Drafting and Design Engineering design Construct origami frogs Mathematics Measurement & Data Measurement & Data Geometry Fold appropriate geometric shapes to form origami design Reading Informational Text Key Ideas and Details Read: Smithsonian Nat. Ranger Social Studies Literacy/World History Historical Research Research the art of origami Art Visual Arts Portraying an image Applying media processes Design/draw pictorial representation of frogs References: Next Generation Science Standards ( International Society for Technology in Education ( ) 2012 McREL: Engineering Education ( ) Engineering is Elementary ( Mathematics Common Core Standards (

4 How to Make an Origami Jumping Frog Adapted from: Origami Jumping Frog Instruction Origami-fun.com Crease, Crease, Crease Video produced by Patricia Cooper, TILT Team Member, NOVA The Origami Jumping Frog is really easy to make... To make the frog jump to its best potential, use paper that's a bit thicker. You will need to use rectangular paper for this model. 1.Start with a rectangular sheet of paper, white side up. Fold it in half, and open out again. 2. Fold both top corners to the opposite edge of the paper then unfold. Your creases should look like this. 3. Where the diagonal creases meet in the middle, fold the paper backwards, crease well and open. 4. Hold the paper at the sides, bring these points down to the centerline, then flatten. The creases should do most of the work here! 5. Fold the uppermost triangles up to the top point. Page 1a.

5 6. Fold sides in to the center line. 7. Fold bottom of model upwards so the end sits in the center of the top diamond. 8. Now fold the same part downwards, in half. Turn over, your Jumping Frog is finished! To make him jump, press down on his back as shown. page 2a.

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