Policy and Regulations Faridabad (India)

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1 Policy and Regulations Faridabad (2009) Policy and Regulations Faridabad (India) 1.1 Policies No specific regulations have been framed for addressing the management of plastic waste, and it is thus governed by the general guidelines and rules for management of municipal solid wastes. The management of municipal solid waste in India is mostly governed by Municipal Solid Waste (Management and Handing) Rules, Municipal Solid Waste (Management and Handing) Rules, 2000 Extracts from the Municipal Solid Waste (Management and Handing) Rules, 2000 that are particularly relevant to the purposes of the current project have been included below. These rules, notified by the Government of India, Ministry of Environment and Forests, apply to every municipal authority responsible for collection, segregation, storage, transportation, processing and disposal of municipal solid wastes. Roles & Responsibilities Municipal Authority 1. Every municipal authority shall, within the territorial area of the municipality, be responsible for the implementation of the provisions of these rules, and for any infrastructure development for collection, storage, segregation, transportation, processing and disposal of municipal solid wastes. 2. The municipal authority or an operator of a facility shall make an application for grant of authorization for setting up waste processing and disposal facility including landfills from the State Board or the Committee. 3. The municipal authority shall comply with these rules as per the implementation schedule laid down in Schedule I. State Governments and the Union territory Administrations 1. The Secretary-in-charge of the Department of Urban Development of the concerned State or the Union territory, as the case may be, shall have the overall responsibility for the enforcement of the provisions of the rules in the metropolitan cities. 2. The District Magistrate or the Deputy Commissioner of the concerned district shall have the overall responsibility for the enforcement of the provisions of the rules within the territorial limits of their jurisdiction.

2 Policy and Regulations Faridabad (2009) Responsibility of Central Pollution Control Board and State Board or Committees 1. The State Board or the Committee, after the receipt of application from the municipal authority for grant of authorization for setting up waste processing and disposal facility including landfills, shall examine the proposal taking into consideration the views of other agencies. 2. The State Board or the Committee shall issue the authorization to the municipal authority or an operator of a facility within forty-five days stipulating compliance criteria and standards as specified including such other conditions, as may be necessary. 3. The Central Pollution Control Board shall co-ordinate with the State Boards and the Committees with particular reference to implementation and review of standards and guidelines and compilation of monitoring data. Management of municipal solid wastes 1. Any municipal solid waste generated in a city or a town, shall be managed and handled in accordance with the compliance criteria and the procedure laid down in Schedule-II 2. The waste processing and disposal facilities to be set up by the municipal authority on their own or through an operator of a facility shall meet the specifications and standards as specified in Schedules III and IV The Rules are included under four Schedules corresponding to different aspects of waste management. The four schedules are - > Schedule I : Implementation Schedule > Schedule II: Management of municipal solid waste > Schedule III: Specifications for landfill sites > Schedule IV: Standards for Composting, Treated Leachates and Incineration

3 Schedule I - Implementation Schedule Compliance Criteria Schedule Setting up of waste processing and disposal facilities Monitoring the performance of waste processing and disposal facilities By or earlier Once in six months Improvement of existing landfill sites as per provisions By or earlier of these rules Identification of landfill sites for future use and making By or earlier sites ready for operation Schedule -II - Management of Municipal Solid Wastes Parameters Compliance criteria Collection of 1. Littering of municipal solid waste shall be prohibited in cities, towns municipal solid and in urban areas notified by the State Governments. To prohibit wastes littering and facilitate compliance, the following steps shall be taken by the municipal authority:- ii. iii. iv. i. Organising house-to-house collection of municipal solid wastes through any of the methods, like community bin collection (central bin), house-to-house collection, collection on regular pre-informed timings and schedules; Devising collection of waste from slums and squatter areas or localities including hotels, restaurants, office complexes and commercial areas; Bio-medical wastes and industrial wastes shall not be mixed with municipal solid wastes and such wastes shall follow the rules separately specified for the purpose; Collected waste from residential and other areas shall be transferred to community bin by hand-driven containerised carts or other small vehicles; v. Horticultural and construction or demolition wastes or debris shall be separately collected and disposed off following proper norms;

4 2. The municipal authority shall notify waste collection schedule and the likely method to be adopted for public benefit in a city or town. 3. It shall be the responsibility of generator of wastes to avoid littering and ensure delivery of wastes in accordance with the collection and segregation system to be notified by the municipal authority Segregation of municipal solid wastes Storage of municipal solid wastes 1. In order to encourage the citizens, municipal authority shall organise awareness programmes for segregation of wastes and shall promote recycling or reuse of segregated materials. 2. The municipal authority shall undertake phased programme to ensure community participation in waste segregation. For this purpose, regular meetings at quarterly intervals shall be arranged by the municipal authorities with representatives of local resident welfare associations and non-governmental organizations. 1. Municipal authorities shall establish and maintain storage facilities in such a manner as they do not create unhygienic and unsanitary conditions around it. Following criteria shall be taken into account while establishing & maintaining storage facilities :- i. Storage facilities shall be created and established by taking into account quantities of waste generation in a given area and the population densities. A storage facility shall be so placed that it is accessible to users; ii. iii. iv. Storage facilities to be set up by municipal authorities or any other agency shall be so designed that wastes stored are not exposed to open atmosphere and shall be aesthetically acceptable and user-friendly; Storage facilities or bins shall have easyto operate design for handling, transfer and transportation of waste. Bins for storage of bio-degradable wastes shall be painted green, those for storage of recyclable wastes shall be printed white and those for storage of other wastes shall be printed black; Manual handling of waste shall be prohibited. If unavoidable due to constraints, manual handling shall be carried out under proper precaution with due care for safety of workers.

5 Transportation 1. Vehicles used for transportation of wastes shall be covered. Waste of municipal should not be visible to public, nor exposed to open environment solid wastes preventing their scattering. The following criteria shall be met:- i. The storage facilities set up by municipal authorities shall be daily attended for clearing of wastes. The bins or containers wherever placed shall be cleaned before they start overflowing; ii. Transportation vehicles shall be so designed that multiple handling of wastes, prior to final disposal, is avoided. Processing of municipal solid wastes Municipal authorities shall adopt suitable technology or combination of such technologies to make use of wastes so as to minimize burden on landfill. Following criteria shall be adopted:- i. Mixed waste containing recoverable resources shall follow the route of recycling. Incineration with or without energy recovery including pelletisation can also be used for processing wastes in specific cases. Municipal authority or the operator of a facility wishing to use other state-of-the-art technologies shall approach the Central Pollution Control Board to get the standards laid down before applying for grant of authorisation. Disposal of municipal solid wastes Land filling shall be restricted to non-biodegradable, inert waste and other waste that are not suitable either for recycling or for biological processing. Land filling shall also be carried out for residues of waste processing facilities as well as pre-processing rejects from waste processing facilities. Land filling of mixed waste shall be avoided unless the same is found unsuitable for waste processing. Under unavoidable circumstances or till installation of alternate facilities, land-filling shall be done following proper norms. Schedule III - Specifications for Landfill Sites Site Selection > In areas falling under the jurisdiction of Development Authorities it shall be the responsibility of such Development Authorities to identify the landfill sites and

6 hand over the sites to the concerned municipal authority for development, operation and maintenance. Elsewhere, this responsibility shall lie with the concerned municipal authority. > The landfill sites shall be selected to make use of nearby wastes processing facility. Otherwise, wastes processing facility shall be planned as an integral part of the landfill site. > Biomedical wastes shall be disposed off in accordance with the Bio-medical Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules, 1998 and hazardous wastes shall be managed in accordance with the Hazardous Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules, 1989, as amended from time to time. > The landfill site shall be large enough to last for years. Facilities at the Site > Landfill site shall be fenced or hedged and provided with proper gate to monitor incoming vehicles or other modes of transportation. > Approach and other internal roads for free movement of vehicles and other machinery shall exist at the landfill site. > The landfill site shall have wastes inspection facility to monitor wastes brought in for landfill, office facility for record keeping and shelter for keeping equipment and machinery including pollution monitoring equipments. > Provisions like weigh bridge to measure quantity of waste brought at landfill site, fire protection equipments and other facilities as may be required shall be provided. Status of Implementation In both Agra and Faridabad, the relevant authorities i.e. the Agra Nagar Nigam (ANN) and Municipal Corporation of Faridabad (MCF) have not complied with the rules in the stipulated time frame. As per the municipal corporations, this is due to various factors such as the absence of community involvement, lack of technical know-how, inadequate financial resources and a certain degree of apathy of municipal authorities. However, both ANN and MCF have undertaken projects for city level integrated solid waste management under the JNNURM scheme. The projects have been designed in order to enable the cities to conform to the Municipal Solid Waste (Management and Handing) Rules, The unique challenges for plastic waste management and disposal were recognised and in 1996, a Plastic Waste Management Task Force was formulated to provide technical

7 guidance in this regard. Based on the recommendations and suggestions of this task force, the Recycled Plastic Manufacture & Usage Rules, 1999 were formulated. Other regulations with possible implications for plastic waste management include the Biomedical Waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 1998 and Hazardous Waste (Management and Handing) Rules, The Biomedical Waste Rules define specific guidelines for management of the plastics component within biomedical waste Recycled Plastic Manufacture and Usage (Amendment) Rules, 2003 This is the first Central Government Rule formulated specifically for plastics and was officially notified by the Ministry of Environment and Forests. The prime objectives were to control the packaging of food products in recycled plastics, as well as to control the problem of increasing plastic waste across the country. The State Pollution Control Boards are responsible for enforcement in the states and the Pollution Control Committees in the union territories. Some of the salient features of the Rules are given below. > The Rule prohibits the usage of carry bags and containers made of recycled plastic bags for storing, carrying and dispensing or packaging of foodstuffs. Mandates the use of only virgin bags of 20 microns of natural colour without any dyes and pigments for packaging foodstuffs > The Rule specifies minimum thickness of the carry bags for virgin to be 20 microns and recycled to 25 microns and calls for the producer of the plastic product to mark the product as stated in the Guidelines for Recycling of plastics. It also allows the use of recycled polybags of a minimum thickness of 25 microns for non-food applications provided the dyes and pigments used conform to the specification in the Food Adulteration Act. > The Rules call for recycling of plastics to be carried out according to the Guidelines for Recycling of Plastics. > The scheme states that plastic packaging used for packaging food, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and drinking water shall comply with the relevant Indian standards and packaging of non-food, non-pharmaceutical and nondrinking applications shall be from recycled plastics, which shall, apart from fillers and reinforcing agents, be a minimum of 30% by weight of compatible plastic wastes. > In the case of PET there is no comprehensive legislation in India but there have been discussions in the National Plastic Waste Management Task Force on the possibility of introducing a take-back scheme for PET waste in India.

8 Ecomark Scheme of India The Government of India launched the Ecomark Scheme of India, a scheme on labeling of environment friendly schemes in 1991 for easy identification of environment friendly products and to increase consumer awareness. The Ecomark label is awarded to consumer goods, which meet the specified environmental criteria, and the quality requirements of Indian Standards. Under the Ecomark scheme, the requirements for plastic products are that material for packaging should be recyclable or biodegradable. However, this Scheme has not been very successful in implementation.

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