Body Positioning & Lifting Techniques

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1 Body Positioning & Lifting Techniques

2 Body Positioning But no matter what task we are undertaking we MUST Think through the task and we MUST Prepare ourselves before we attempt to complete them. If we do not do these two things we are running the risk of injury each and every day.and if so We are taking too many chances!

3 Body Positioning Common Back Injury Causes Weak back, abdominal, and leg muscles Heavy and/or repetitive lifting Twisting your body rather than your feet while lifting or holding a heavy load Lifting with arms stretched out rather than having arms close to your body before lifting Lifting and carrying awkward or oddly shaped objects Poor posture over long periods of time

4 Body Positioning Prevention Most back injuries can be prevented? How? Taking good care of your back by exercising and getting proper nutrition. The following are guidelines for exercises, safe lifting, etc.

5 Body Positioning Shoulder Shrugs Rear Shoulder Stretch Shoulder Roll

6 Body Positioning Back Stretches right and left sides Neck and Laticimus Dorcii Stretch reverse and do both sides

7 Anatomy of the Back: Why Do Injuries Occur? Knowing what causes back injuries can help you prevent them.

8 If you shift the fulcrum to one side, it takes much more force to lift the same object. Your waist acts like the fulcrum in a lever system, on a 10:1 ratio. Lifting a ten pound object puts 100 pounds of pressure on your lower back The Forces Involved

9 When you add in the 105 pounds of the average human upper torso, you see that lifting a ten pound object actually puts 1,150 pounds of pressure on the lower back. The Forces Involved

10 If you were 25 pounds overweight, it would add an additional 250 pounds of pressure on your back every time you bend over. The Forces Involved

11 Proper Lifting 1. Warm-up your muscles by stretching 2. Plan the lift, ask yourself Is the load an awkward size or shape? Is it too heavy for one person? Do I need help? Do I need a tool to assist me?

12 Proper Lifting (cont.) 3. Get someone to help and/or a tool if you need it 4. Bring the load as close to your body as possible and keep your stomach muscles tight to support the back. 5. Use a wide, balanced stance with one foot slightly ahead of the other 6. Lift the load slowly using your legs

13 Proper Lifting (cont.) 7. Use smooth movements 8. If two people are lifting the load, synchronize the lifting by counting down (3,2,1 lift). Follow the same lifting technique.

14 9. Set the load down using the leg and back muscles; comfortably lower the load by bending at the knees 10. Avoid reaching when setting the load down 11.Always lift a balanced, even load 12. Use mechanical lifting devices for heavy or awkward loads Proper Lifting (cont.)

15 Proper Lifting Summary Hug the load Avoid reaching Avoid twisting, pivoting; turn with your feet Bend your knees Use your legs to lift Use smooth movements Acknowledge your limitations; get help when you need it!

16 Moving Materials Manually Lifting objects out of a car trunk or bin Get close to the object you re lifting Bend your knees, if possible Brace your knees against solid objects when possible

17 Moving Materials Manually (cont.) Lifting objects out of a car trunk or bin (cont) Keep your head & back in a straight line; bend at the hips Use your legs to lift Pivot with your feet; don t lift and twist

18 Moving Materials Manually (cont.) Using dollies, carts, or handtrucks Choose the best tool for the object you re moving or lifting Stack heavy objects on the bottom, with light objects on top Secure your load Push rather than pull

19 Summary Plan for safe lifting Stretch/warm up your muscles before lifting or moving materials Get help when you need it Lift with your legs, not with your back Move materials with dollies, carts, handtrucks or other tools when possible Thank You!

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