Unit of Learning # 2 The Physical Layer. Sergio Guíñez Molinos

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Unit of Learning # 2 The Physical Layer. Sergio Guíñez Molinos sguinez@utalca.cl 2-2009"

Transcription

1 Unit of Learning # 2 The Physical Layer Sergio Guíñez Molinos

2 Local Area Network (LAN) Redes de Computadores 2

3 Historic topologies more used in LAN Ethernet Logical Bus and Physical Start Token Ring Logical Ring and Physical Start FDDI Logical Ring and Physical Double Ring Redes de Computadores 3

4 Nowadays topologies LAN Fast Ethernet Giga Ethernet Fiber Channel Wireless LAN Redes de Computadores 4

5 Main characteristics Fast LAN Fast Ethernet Giga Ethernet Bit rate 100 Mbps. 1 Gbps., 10 Gbps. Fiber Channel 100 Mbps. 3,2 Gbps. Wireless LAN 1 Mbps. 54 Mbps. Transmission Medium UTP, STP, Fiber Optic UTP -STP, Fiber Optic UTP,Coaxia l, Shield Cable, Fiber Optic Microondas a 2,4 GHz, 5 GHz Access CSMA/CD CSMA/CD Conmutado CSMA/ Sondeo Standard Support IEEE IEEE Fiber Channel Association IEEE Redes de Computadores 5

6 Classic Ethernet Xerox 10 Mbps (Ethernet) Bus Topology. Access Protocol CSMA/CD. Problems? Transmission and reception (MAC) Access Protocol Redes de Computadores 6

7 Classic Ethernet #2 Frame Redes de Computadores 7

8 Access Protocol CSMA/CD Carrier Sense and Multiple Access with Collision Detection) 1. If medium is free to transmit 2. Else, listen until that medium is free 3. If detect collision in the transmission, stop transmission 4. Wait a random time, then try to transmit again Binary exponential delay After i collisions, a random number of slot times between 0 and 2^i 1 is chosen. Redes de Computadores 8

9 Access Protocol CSMA/CD #2 Redes de Computadores 9

10 Access Protocol CSMA/CD #3 Collisions Frame Length ( Tf ) Spreading Delay between nodes (Sd ) Tf > 2*Sd Redes de Computadores 10

11 Frame Ethernet IEEE Redes de Computadores 11

12 Frame Ethernet IEEE Frame formats. IEEE Redes de Computadores 12

13 Frame Ethernet IEEE #2 Preamble 7 bytes with the following pattern: SDF (Start Frame Delimiter) Bits sequence DA (Destination Address) Hardware Address SA (Source Address) Hardware Address Redes de Computadores 13

14 Frame Ethernet IEEE #3 Length Data 1518 Bytes. Min. 64 Bytes. required to CSMA Max 1500 Bytes. FCS (Frame Check Sequence) 32 bits to CRC

15 Hardware Address Ethernet Address of 48 bits Address Ethernet is a hardware address Broadcasting Multicasting Redes de Computadores 15

16 Ethernet Cabling Redes de Computadores 16

17 Ethernet Cabling IEEE <Rate Transmission in Mbps> <method signaling> <length in Mts.> Original bit rate Ethernet 10 Mbps For instance: 10Base5 10Base-T Redes de Computadores 17

18 Ethernet Cabling #1 The most common kinds of Ethernet cabling. Redes de Computadores 18

19 Ethernet Cabling #2 Three kinds of Ethernet cabling. (a) 10Base5, (b) 10Base2, (c) 10Base-T. Redes de Computadores 19

20 Ethernet Cabling #3 Cable topologies. (a) Linear, (b) Spine, (c) Tree, (d) Segmented. Redes de Computadores 20

21 Ethernet Cabling #4 (a) Binary encoding, (b) Manchester encoding, (c) Differential Manchester encoding. Redes de Computadores 21

22 HUB vs SWITCH Redes de Computadores 22

23 HUB vs SWITCH Redes de Computadores 23

24 HUB vs SWITCH #2 Redes de Computadores 24

25 Switch Layer 2 Store and Forward Switch Store the frame and make routing to destination. Cut Through Switch Read the MAC and and routing to destination as soon as possible, when detect destination address. Redes de Computadores 25

26 Switch Layer 2 #2 Problems??? Broadcast Storm Multiple ways Discussion... Redes de Computadores 26

27 Switch Layer 3 A lot PCs and WS Mbps Switch Layer 2 Kernel of the Network Switch Layer Mps-1Gbps Redes de Computadores 27

28 Fast Ethernet Redes de Computadores 28

29 Fast Ethernet IEEE Base-T Options Redes de Computadores 29

30 Fast Ethernet #2 100BaseT 100Mbps STP,UTP,FIBER 100Base-FX Fiber Optics Full-Duplex 200 Mbps? Is necessary Switch layer 2 o 3? Is necessary CSMA/CD? Redes de Computadores 30

31 Fast Ethernet #3 Redes de Computadores 31

32 Giga Ethernet Ethernet 10 Gbps. Redes de Computadores 32

33 Giga Ethernet Redes de Computadores 33

34 Giga Ethernet #2 Options physical medium Giga Ethernet Redes de Computadores 34

35 10 Gbps Ethernet Options physical medium 10 Giga Ethernet Redes de Computadores 35

36 10 Gbps Ethernet #2 No expensive, bandwidth consuming conversion between Ethernet packets and ATM cells. Network is Ethernet, end to end. IP plus Ethernet offers QoS and traffic. policing capabilities approach that of ATM Wide variety of standard optical interfaces for 10 Gbps Ethernet. Redes de Computadores 36

37 Fibre Channel Redes de Computadores 37

38 Fibre Channel 2 methods of communication with processor: I/O channel Network communications Fibre channel combines both Simplicity and speed of channel communications Flexibility and interconnectivity of network communications Redes de Computadores 38

39 Fibre Channel #2 Structure End-terminal Redes de Computadores 39

40 Architecture of Fiber Channel Protocol Layer Architecture Physical Layer Transmission Protocol FC-1 Frame Protocol FC-2 Collaborative Services FC-3 Transformation FC-4 Physical Medium and Topology

41 Fibre Channel #3 Five Applications of Fibre Channel Redes de Computadores 41

42 Wireless LAN Redes de Computadores 42

43 Wireless LAN IEEE Services Association Reassociation Disassociation Authentication Privacy Redes de Computadores 43

44 Wireless LAN # 2 IEEE Architecture Redes de Computadores 44

45

46 MAC Redes de Computadores 46

47 MAC Deterministic and non-deterministic Ej: Redes de Computadores 47

48 References W. Stallings, Redes en Internet de alta velocidad. Rendimiento y calidad de servicio, Segunda Edición,Prentice-Hall, A. Tanenbaum, Redes de Computadores, Cuarta Edición, Prentice-Hall Douglas Comer, Redes Globales de Información con Internet. TCP/IP. Principios básicos, protocolos y Redes de Computadores 48

49 Unit of Learning # 2 The Physical Layer Sergio Guíñez Molinos Redes de Computadores 49

CSE331: Introduction to Networks and Security. Lecture 6 Fall 2006

CSE331: Introduction to Networks and Security. Lecture 6 Fall 2006 CSE331: Introduction to Networks and Security Lecture 6 Fall 2006 Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) End Host Application Reference model not actual implementation. Transmits messages (e.g. FTP or HTTP)

More information

Based on Computer Networking, 4 th Edition by Kurose and Ross

Based on Computer Networking, 4 th Edition by Kurose and Ross Computer Networks Ethernet Hubs and Switches Based on Computer Networking, 4 th Edition by Kurose and Ross Ethernet dominant wired LAN technology: cheap $20 for NIC first widely used LAN technology Simpler,

More information

Data Link Layer. Page 1. Ethernet

Data Link Layer. Page 1. Ethernet Sicherungsebene Network Categories Local Area Networks (LAN): 10m - few km, simple connection structure Ethernet/Fast Ethernet/Gigabit Ethernet Token Bus, Token Ring LAN Wireless LAN (WLAN, up to a few

More information

Local Area Networks transmission system private speedy and secure kilometres shared transmission medium hardware & software

Local Area Networks transmission system private speedy and secure kilometres shared transmission medium hardware & software Local Area What s a LAN? A transmission system, usually private owned, very speedy and secure, covering a geographical area in the range of kilometres, comprising a shared transmission medium and a set

More information

Controlled Random Access Methods

Controlled Random Access Methods Helsinki University of Technology S-72.333 Postgraduate Seminar on Radio Communications Controlled Random Access Methods Er Liu liuer@cc.hut.fi Communications Laboratory 09.03.2004 Content of Presentation

More information

Ethernet. Ethernet Frame Structure. Ethernet Frame Structure (more) Ethernet: uses CSMA/CD

Ethernet. Ethernet Frame Structure. Ethernet Frame Structure (more) Ethernet: uses CSMA/CD Ethernet dominant LAN technology: cheap -- $20 for 100Mbs! first widely used LAN technology Simpler, cheaper than token rings and ATM Kept up with speed race: 10, 100, 1000 Mbps Metcalfe s Etheret sketch

More information

Gigabit Ethernet: Architectural Design and Issues

Gigabit Ethernet: Architectural Design and Issues Gigabit Ethernet: Architectural Design and Issues Professor of Computer and Information Sciences Columbus, OH 43210 http://www.cis.ohio-state.edu/~jain/ 9-1 Overview Distance-Bandwidth Principle 10 Mbps

More information

Data Link Protocols. TCP/IP Suite and OSI Reference Model

Data Link Protocols. TCP/IP Suite and OSI Reference Model Data Link Protocols Relates to Lab. This module covers data link layer issues, such as local area networks (LANs) and point-to-point links, Ethernet, and the Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP). 1 TCP/IP Suite

More information

High Speed Ethernet. Dr. Sanjay P. Ahuja, Ph.D. Professor School of Computing, UNF

High Speed Ethernet. Dr. Sanjay P. Ahuja, Ph.D. Professor School of Computing, UNF High Speed Ethernet Dr. Sanjay P. Ahuja, Ph.D. Professor School of Computing, UNF Hubs and Switches Hubs and Switches Shared Medium Hub The total capacity in the shared medium hub configuration (figure

More information

Network Categories. Network Types for the Local Range. Ethernet. Carrier Sense Multiple Access

Network Categories. Network Types for the Local Range. Ethernet. Carrier Sense Multiple Access Sicherungsebene Network Categories Local Area Networks (LAN): 0m - few km, simple connection structure Ethernet/Fast Ethernet/Gigabit Ethernet Token Bus, Token Ring LAN Wireless LAN (WLAN, up to a few

More information

Local Area Networks. Guest Instructor Elaine Wong. Elaine_06_I-1

Local Area Networks. Guest Instructor Elaine Wong. Elaine_06_I-1 Local Area Networks Guest Instructor Elaine Wong Elaine_06_I-1 Outline Introduction to Local Area Networks (LANs) Network architecture Geographical area LAN applications LAN Technologies Ethernet Fiber

More information

11/22/2013 1. komwut@siit

11/22/2013 1. komwut@siit 11/22/2013 1 Week3-4 Point-to-Point, LAN, WAN Review 11/22/2013 2 What will you learn? Representatives for Point-to-Point Network LAN Wired Ethernet Wireless Ethernet WAN ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode)

More information

Ring Local Area Network. Ring LANs

Ring Local Area Network. Ring LANs Ring Local Area Network Ring interface (1-bit buffer) Ring interface To station From station Ring LANs The ring is a series of bit repeaters, each connected by a unidirectional transmission link All arriving

More information

EECS 122: Introduction to Computer Networks Multiaccess Protocols. ISO OSI Reference Model for Layers

EECS 122: Introduction to Computer Networks Multiaccess Protocols. ISO OSI Reference Model for Layers EECS 122: Introduction to Computer Networks Multiaccess Protocols Computer Science Division Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences University of California, Berkeley Berkeley, CA 94720-1776

More information

Network Categories. Network Types for the Local Range. Ethernet

Network Categories. Network Types for the Local Range. Ethernet Sicherungsebene Network Categories Chapter 2: Computer Networks 2.1: Physical Layer: representation of digital signals 2.2: Data Link Layer: error protection and access control 2.3: Network infrastructure

More information

Computer Networks. Definition of LAN. Connection of Network. Key Points of LAN. Lecture 06 Connecting Networks

Computer Networks. Definition of LAN. Connection of Network. Key Points of LAN. Lecture 06 Connecting Networks Computer Networks Lecture 06 Connecting Networks Kuang-hua Chen Department of Library and Information Science National Taiwan University Local Area Networks (LAN) 5 kilometer IEEE 802.3 Ethernet IEEE 802.4

More information

Gigabit Ethernet. Abstract. 1. Introduction. 2. Benefits of Gigabit Ethernet

Gigabit Ethernet. Abstract. 1. Introduction. 2. Benefits of Gigabit Ethernet Table of Contents Abstract... 2 1. Introduction... 2 2. Benefits of Gigabit Ethernet... 2 2.1 Easy Migration to Higher Performance Levels... 3 2.2 Decreased Overall Costs Over Time... 3 2.3 Supports for

More information

CSCI 362 Computer and Network Security

CSCI 362 Computer and Network Security The Purpose of ing CSCI 362 Computer and Security Introduction to ing Goals: Remote exchange and remote process control. A few desirable properties: Interoperability, Flexibility, Geographical range, Scalability,

More information

Local Area Network By Bhupendra Ratha, Lecturer School of Library and Information Science Devi Ahilya University, Indore Email: bhu261@gmail.com Local Area Network LANs connect computers and peripheral

More information

Fast Ethernet and Gigabit Ethernet. Computer Networks: Fast and Gigabit Ethernet

Fast Ethernet and Gigabit Ethernet. Computer Networks: Fast and Gigabit Ethernet Fast Ethernet and Gigabit Ethernet 1 Fast Ethernet (100BASE-T) How to achieve 100 Mbps capacity? MII LLC MAC Convergence Sublayer Media Independent Interface Media Dependent Sublayer Data Link Layer Physical

More information

ESSENTIALS. Understanding Ethernet Switches and Routers. April 2011 VOLUME 3 ISSUE 1 A TECHNICAL SUPPLEMENT TO CONTROL NETWORK

ESSENTIALS. Understanding Ethernet Switches and Routers. April 2011 VOLUME 3 ISSUE 1 A TECHNICAL SUPPLEMENT TO CONTROL NETWORK VOLUME 3 ISSUE 1 A TECHNICAL SUPPLEMENT TO CONTROL NETWORK Contemporary Control Systems, Inc. Understanding Ethernet Switches and Routers This extended article was based on a two-part article that was

More information

Ethernet Passive Optical Networks EPON

Ethernet Passive Optical Networks EPON Ethernet Passive Optical Networks EPON IEEE 802.3 Ethernet in the First Mile Study Group January 8-9, 2001, Irvine, CA Gerry Pesavento Alloptic, Inc. Tel 925-245-7647 Email gerry.pesavento@alloptic.com

More information

Random Access Protocols

Random Access Protocols Lecture Today slotted vs unslotted ALOHA Carrier sensing multiple access Ethernet DataLink Layer 1 Random Access Protocols When node has packet to send transmit at full channel data rate R. no a priori

More information

Computer Network. Interconnected collection of autonomous computers that are able to exchange information

Computer Network. Interconnected collection of autonomous computers that are able to exchange information Introduction Computer Network. Interconnected collection of autonomous computers that are able to exchange information No master/slave relationship between the computers in the network Data Communications.

More information

Fast Ethernet and Gigabit Ethernet. Networks: Fast Ethernet 1

Fast Ethernet and Gigabit Ethernet. Networks: Fast Ethernet 1 Fast Ethernet and Gigabit Ethernet Networks: Fast Ethernet 1 Fast Ethernet (100BASE-T) How to achieve 100 Mbps capacity? MII LLC MAC Convergence Sublayer Media Independent Interface Media Dependent Sublayer

More information

Overview of Network Hardware and Software. CS158a Chris Pollett Jan 29, 2007.

Overview of Network Hardware and Software. CS158a Chris Pollett Jan 29, 2007. Overview of Network Hardware and Software CS158a Chris Pollett Jan 29, 2007. Outline Scales of Networks Protocol Hierarchies Scales of Networks Last day, we talked about broadcast versus point-to-point

More information

1 Which network type is a specifically designed configuration of computers and other devices located within a confined area? A Peer-to-peer network

1 Which network type is a specifically designed configuration of computers and other devices located within a confined area? A Peer-to-peer network Review questions 1 Which network type is a specifically designed configuration of computers and other devices located within a confined area? A Peer-to-peer network B Local area network C Client/server

More information

CCNA R&S: Introduction to Networks. Chapter 5: Ethernet

CCNA R&S: Introduction to Networks. Chapter 5: Ethernet CCNA R&S: Introduction to Networks Chapter 5: Ethernet 5.0.1.1 Introduction The OSI physical layer provides the means to transport the bits that make up a data link layer frame across the network media.

More information

Chapter 9A. Network Definition. The Uses of a Network. Network Basics

Chapter 9A. Network Definition. The Uses of a Network. Network Basics Chapter 9A Network Basics 1 Network Definition Set of technologies that connects computers Allows communication and collaboration between users 2 The Uses of a Network Simultaneous access to data Data

More information

LAN Switching. 15-441 Computer Networking. Switched Network Advantages. Hubs (more) Hubs. Bridges/Switches, 802.11, PPP. Interconnecting LANs

LAN Switching. 15-441 Computer Networking. Switched Network Advantages. Hubs (more) Hubs. Bridges/Switches, 802.11, PPP. Interconnecting LANs LAN Switching 15-441 Computer Networking Bridges/Switches, 802.11, PPP Extend reach of a single shared medium Connect two or more segments by copying data frames between them Switches only copy data when

More information

IT4405 Computer Networks (Compulsory)

IT4405 Computer Networks (Compulsory) IT4405 Computer Networks (Compulsory) INTRODUCTION This course provides a comprehensive insight into the fundamental concepts in data communications, computer network systems and protocols both fixed and

More information

CSE 123A Computer Networks

CSE 123A Computer Networks CSE 123A Computer Networks Winter 2005 Lecture 5: Data-Link II: Media Access Some portions courtesy Srini Seshan or David Wetherall Last Time Framing: How to translate a bitstream into separate packets

More information

From Fieldbus to toreal Time Ethernet

From Fieldbus to toreal Time Ethernet Process Automation From Fieldbus to toreal Time Ethernet Safety, reliability IEC61158-2 as the physical layer too slow for Ethernet/IP frames Unsafe cables towards wireless solutions Factory automation

More information

Ethernet, VLAN, Ethernet Carrier Grade

Ethernet, VLAN, Ethernet Carrier Grade Ethernet, VLAN, Ethernet Carrier Grade Dr. Rami Langar LIP6/PHARE UPMC - University of Paris 6 Rami.langar@lip6.fr www-phare.lip6.fr/~langar RTEL 1 Point-to-Point vs. Broadcast Media Point-to-point PPP

More information

TCOM 370 NOTES 99-12 LOCAL AREA NETWORKS AND THE ALOHA PROTOCOL

TCOM 370 NOTES 99-12 LOCAL AREA NETWORKS AND THE ALOHA PROTOCOL 1. Local Area Networks TCOM 370 NOTES 99-12 LOCAL AREA NETWORKS AND THE ALOHA PROTOCOL These are networks spanning relatively short distances (e.g. within one building) for local point-to-point and point-to-multipoint

More information

Data Communication Networks

Data Communication Networks Data Communication Networks Data communication networks typically do not send real time data As a result, packet switching is often used OPTI 500, Spring 2011, Lecture 6, Data Networks 1 Packet Switching

More information

Introduction to Ethernet

Introduction to Ethernet Technical Tutorial 2002 12-06 Table of Contents 1: Introduction 2: Ethernet 3: IEEE standards 4: Topology 5: CSMA/CD 6: Wireless-LAN 7: Transmission Speed 8: Limitations of Ethernet 9: Sena Products and

More information

RTT 60.5 msec receiver window size: 32 KB

RTT 60.5 msec receiver window size: 32 KB Real-World ARQ Performance: TCP Ex.: Purdue UCSD Purdue (NSL): web server UCSD: web client traceroute to planetlab3.ucsd.edu (132.239.17.226), 30 hops max, 40 byte packets 1 switch-lwsn2133-z1r11 (128.10.27.250)

More information

Planeamento e Gestão de Redes. Análise de Requisitos

Planeamento e Gestão de Redes. Análise de Requisitos Planeamento 1 Planeamento e Gestão de Redes Análise de Requisitos Manuel P. Ricardo Faculdade de Engenharia da Universidade do Porto Planeamento 2 Book Top-Down Network Design, Second Edition Priscilla

More information

2. What is the maximum value of each octet in an IP address? A. 128 B. 255 C. 256 D. None of the above

2. What is the maximum value of each octet in an IP address? A. 128 B. 255 C. 256 D. None of the above 1. How many bits are in an IP address? A. 16 B. 32 C. 64 2. What is the maximum value of each octet in an IP address? A. 128 B. 255 C. 256 3. The network number plays what part in an IP address? A. It

More information

Candidates should attempt FOUR questions. All questions carry 25 marks.

Candidates should attempt FOUR questions. All questions carry 25 marks. UNIVERSITY OF ABERDEEN Exam 2010 Degree Examination in ES 3567 Communications Engineering 1B Xday X Notes: 9.00 a.m. 12 Noon (i) CANDIDATES ARE PERMITTED TO USE APPROVED CALCULATORS (II) CANDIDATES ARE

More information

PLANEAMENTO E GESTÃO DE REDES INFORMÁTICAS COMPUTER NETWORKS PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT 2008-2009

PLANEAMENTO E GESTÃO DE REDES INFORMÁTICAS COMPUTER NETWORKS PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT 2008-2009 Mestrado em Engenharia Informática e de Computadores PLANEAMENTO E GESTÃO DE REDES INFORMÁTICAS COMPUTER NETWORKS PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT 2008-2009 Conceitos de Redes e Arquitecturas - Networks and Architectures

More information

Real-Time (Paradigms) (51)

Real-Time (Paradigms) (51) Real-Time (Paradigms) (51) 5. Real-Time Communication Data flow (communication) in embedded systems : Sensor --> Controller Controller --> Actor Controller --> Display Controller Controller Major

More information

RFC 2544 Testing of Ethernet Services in Telecom Networks

RFC 2544 Testing of Ethernet Services in Telecom Networks RFC 2544 Testing of Ethernet Services in Telecom Networks White Paper Nigel Burgess Agilent Technologies Introduction The object of this paper is to discuss the use and testing of Ethernet services in

More information

Unit of Learning # 2 The Physical Layer. Redes de Datos Sergio Guíñez Molinos sguinez@utalca.cl 1-2009

Unit of Learning # 2 The Physical Layer. Redes de Datos Sergio Guíñez Molinos sguinez@utalca.cl 1-2009 Unit of Learning # 2 The Physical Layer Redes de Datos Sergio Guíñez Molinos sguinez@utalca.cl 1-2009 The Theoretical Basis for Data Communication Sergio Guíñez Molinos Redes de Computadores 2 The Theoretical

More information

Agenda. Distributed System Structures. Why Distributed Systems? Motivation

Agenda. Distributed System Structures. Why Distributed Systems? Motivation Agenda Distributed System Structures CSCI 444/544 Operating Systems Fall 2008 Motivation Network structure Fundamental network services Sockets and ports Client/server model Remote Procedure Call (RPC)

More information

Cisco Network Performance Evaluation Using Packet Tracer

Cisco Network Performance Evaluation Using Packet Tracer Cisco Network Performance Evaluation Using Packet Tracer doi: 10.17932/ IAU.IJEMME.m.21460604.2015.5/1.905-911 Muhammet Emin KAMİLOĞLU 1 Abstract In this study, a wide area network designed and simulated.

More information

Communication Networks. MAP-TELE 2011/12 José Ruela

Communication Networks. MAP-TELE 2011/12 José Ruela Communication Networks MAP-TELE 2011/12 José Ruela Network basic mechanisms Introduction to Communications Networks Communications networks Communications networks are used to transport information (data)

More information

Ethernet. Ethernet. Network Devices

Ethernet. Ethernet. Network Devices Ethernet Babak Kia Adjunct Professor Boston University College of Engineering ENG SC757 - Advanced Microprocessor Design Ethernet Ethernet is a term used to refer to a diverse set of frame based networking

More information

Chapter 4. Medium Access Control. IN2P3 Octobre 2002 Jean-Pierre Thomesse

Chapter 4. Medium Access Control. IN2P3 Octobre 2002 Jean-Pierre Thomesse Chapter 4 Medium Access Control 1 Introduction Objectives To manage the access to the medium or channel To take into account the time constraints To schedule the traffics Different solutions History Different

More information

Mathatma Gandhi University

Mathatma Gandhi University Mathatma Gandhi University BSc Computer Science IV th semester BCS 402 Computer Network &Internet MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS 1. The computer network is A) Network computer with cable B) Network computer

More information

Industrial Networks & Databases. Protocols and Networks - Device Bus - - Field Bus -

Industrial Networks & Databases. Protocols and Networks - Device Bus - - Field Bus - Industrial Networks & Databases - Device Bus - - Field Bus - - Data Bus - Recall MODBUS protocol is a messaging structure used to set up master/client type communications with slaves/servers between intelligent

More information

Communication Systems Internetworking (Bridges & Co)

Communication Systems Internetworking (Bridges & Co) Communication Systems Internetworking (Bridges & Co) Prof. Dr.-Ing. Lars Wolf TU Braunschweig Institut für Betriebssysteme und Rechnerverbund Mühlenpfordtstraße 23, 38106 Braunschweig, Germany Email: wolf@ibr.cs.tu-bs.de

More information

Communications and Computer Networks

Communications and Computer Networks SFWR 4C03: Computer Networks and Computer Security January 5-8 2004 Lecturer: Kartik Krishnan Lectures 1-3 Communications and Computer Networks The fundamental purpose of a communication system is the

More information

Chapter 8: Computer Networking. AIMS The aim of this chapter is to give a brief introduction to computer networking.

Chapter 8: Computer Networking. AIMS The aim of this chapter is to give a brief introduction to computer networking. Chapter 8: Computer Networking AIMS The aim of this chapter is to give a brief introduction to computer networking. OBJECTIVES At the end of this chapter you should be able to: Explain the following terms:

More information

SSVP SIP School VoIP Professional Certification

SSVP SIP School VoIP Professional Certification SSVP SIP School VoIP Professional Certification Exam Objectives The SSVP exam is designed to test your skills and knowledge on the basics of Networking and Voice over IP. Everything that you need to cover

More information

CCNA 1: Networking Basics. Cisco Networking Academy Program Version 3.0

CCNA 1: Networking Basics. Cisco Networking Academy Program Version 3.0 CCNA 1: Networking Basics Cisco Networking Academy Program Version 3.0 Table of Contents CCNA 1: NETWORKING BASICS...1 TARGET AUDIENCE...3 PREREQUISITES...3 COURSE DESCRIPTION...3 COURSE OBJECTIVES...3

More information

Industrial Networks & Databases

Industrial Networks & Databases Industrial Networks & Databases LONWORKS KNX 1 HVAC and BEMS HVAC - Heating, Ventilation & Air Conditioning BEMS - Building & Energy Management Systems 2 3 4 LONWORKS (Local Operating Networks) Open solution

More information

Wired & Wireless LAN Connections

Wired & Wireless LAN Connections Lecture 5 Wired & Wireless LAN Connections Network Interface Card (NIC) Ethernet Wiring - Thick Ethernet - Thin Ethernet - Star (Hub) Ethernet Extending LAN - Fiber Modem - Repeater - Bridge - Switch Short

More information

Computer Networks Vs. Distributed Systems

Computer Networks Vs. Distributed Systems Computer Networks Vs. Distributed Systems Computer Networks: A computer network is an interconnected collection of autonomous computers able to exchange information. A computer network usually require

More information

Performance Evaluation of Wired and Wireless Local Area Networks

Performance Evaluation of Wired and Wireless Local Area Networks International Journal of Engineering Research and Development ISSN: 2278-067X, Volume 1, Issue 11 (July 2012), PP.43-48 www.ijerd.com Performance Evaluation of Wired and Wireless Local Area Networks Prof.

More information

Ethernet/IEEE 802.3 evolution

Ethernet/IEEE 802.3 evolution Ethernet/IEEE 802.3 evolution Pietro Nicoletti www.studioreti.it 8023-Evolution-Engl - 1 P. Nicoletti: see note pag. 2 Copyright note These slides are protected by copyright and international treaties.

More information

Overview of Computer Networks

Overview of Computer Networks Overview of Computer Networks Client-Server Transaction Client process 4. Client processes response 1. Client sends request 3. Server sends response Server process 2. Server processes request Resource

More information

Chapter 7 Low-Speed Wireless Local Area Networks

Chapter 7 Low-Speed Wireless Local Area Networks Wireless# Guide to Wireless Communications 7-1 Chapter 7 Low-Speed Wireless Local Area Networks At a Glance Instructor s Manual Table of Contents Overview Objectives s Quick Quizzes Class Discussion Topics

More information

Fiber Distributed Data Interface

Fiber Distributed Data Interface CHPTER 8 Chapter Goals Provide background information about FDDI technology. Explain how FDDI works. Describe the differences between FDDI and Copper Distributed Data Interface (CDDI). Describe how CDDI

More information

CS263: Wireless Communications and Sensor Networks

CS263: Wireless Communications and Sensor Networks CS263: Wireless Communications and Sensor Networks Matt Welsh Lecture 4: Medium Access Control October 5, 2004 2004 Matt Welsh Harvard University 1 Today's Lecture Medium Access Control Schemes: FDMA TDMA

More information

Virtual LANs. http://www.cis.ohio-state.edu/~jain/cis788-97/ or http://www.netlab.ohio-state.edu/~jain/cis788-97/ Raj Jain

Virtual LANs. http://www.cis.ohio-state.edu/~jain/cis788-97/ or http://www.netlab.ohio-state.edu/~jain/cis788-97/ Raj Jain Virtual LANs Professor of Computer and Information Sciences Please download and print the handouts from: http://www.cis.ohio-state.edu/~jain/cis788-97/ or http://www.netlab.ohio-state.edu/~jain/cis788-97/

More information

Network Design. Yiannos Mylonas

Network Design. Yiannos Mylonas Network Design Yiannos Mylonas Physical Topologies There are two parts to the topology definition: the physical topology, which is the actual layout of the wire (media), and the logical topology, which

More information

MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS 8/E

MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS 8/E MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS 8/E Raymond McLeod, Jr. and George Schell Chapter 10 Data Communications Copyright 2001 Prentice-Hall, Inc. 10-1 Objectives Understand data communication basics. Know the

More information

Module 15: Network Structures

Module 15: Network Structures Module 15: Network Structures Background Topology Network Types Communication Communication Protocol Robustness Design Strategies 15.1 A Distributed System 15.2 Motivation Resource sharing sharing and

More information

Technology in Action. Alan Evans Kendall Martin Mary Anne Poatsy. Eleventh Edition. Copyright 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.

Technology in Action. Alan Evans Kendall Martin Mary Anne Poatsy. Eleventh Edition. Copyright 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. Technology in Action Alan Evans Kendall Martin Mary Anne Poatsy Eleventh Edition Technology in Action Chapter 10 Behind the Scenes: Networking and Security in the Business World 2 Chapter Topics Client/Server

More information

Local-Area Network -LAN

Local-Area Network -LAN Computer Networks A group of two or more computer systems linked together. There are many [types] of computer networks: Peer To Peer (workgroups) The computers are connected by a network, however, there

More information

Chapter 14: Distributed Operating Systems

Chapter 14: Distributed Operating Systems Chapter 14: Distributed Operating Systems Chapter 14: Distributed Operating Systems Motivation Types of Distributed Operating Systems Network Structure Network Topology Communication Structure Communication

More information

INTRODUCTION TO 100BASE-T: FAST (AND FASTER) ETHERNET

INTRODUCTION TO 100BASE-T: FAST (AND FASTER) ETHERNET 51-20-97 DATA COMMUNICATIONS MANAGEMENT INTRODUCTION TO 100BASE-T: FAST (AND FASTER) ETHERNET Colin Mick INSIDE How It Works: An Iso View, 100BASE-TX, 100BASE-T4, 100BASE-T2, Gigabit Ethernet, Impacts

More information

Operating System Concepts. Operating System 資 訊 工 程 學 系 袁 賢 銘 老 師

Operating System Concepts. Operating System 資 訊 工 程 學 系 袁 賢 銘 老 師 Lecture 7: Distributed Operating Systems A Distributed System 7.2 Resource sharing Motivation sharing and printing files at remote sites processing information in a distributed database using remote specialized

More information

IP Networking. Overview. Networks Impact Daily Life. IP Networking - Part 1. How Networks Impact Daily Life. How Networks Impact Daily Life

IP Networking. Overview. Networks Impact Daily Life. IP Networking - Part 1. How Networks Impact Daily Life. How Networks Impact Daily Life Overview Dipl.-Ing. Peter Schrotter Institute of Communication Networks and Satellite Communications Graz University of Technology, Austria Fundamentals of Communicating over the Network Application Layer

More information

Network System Design Lesson Objectives

Network System Design Lesson Objectives Network System Design Lesson Unit 1: INTRODUCTION TO NETWORK DESIGN Assignment Customer Needs and Goals Identify the purpose and parts of a good customer needs report. Gather information to identify network

More information

UPPER LAYER SWITCHING

UPPER LAYER SWITCHING 52-20-40 DATA COMMUNICATIONS MANAGEMENT UPPER LAYER SWITCHING Gilbert Held INSIDE Upper Layer Operations; Address Translation; Layer 3 Switching; Layer 4 Switching OVERVIEW The first series of LAN switches

More information

Data Communication Networks and Converged Networks

Data Communication Networks and Converged Networks Data Communication Networks and Converged Networks The OSI Model and Encapsulation Layer traversal through networks Protocol Stacks Converged Data/Telecommunication Networks From Telecom to Datacom, Asynchronous

More information

Introduction Chapter 1. Uses of Computer Networks

Introduction Chapter 1. Uses of Computer Networks Introduction Chapter 1 Uses of Computer Networks Network Hardware Network Software Reference Models Example Networks Network Standardization Metric Units Revised: August 2011 Uses of Computer Networks

More information

Gigabit Ethernet MAC. (1000 Mbps Ethernet MAC core with FIFO interface) PRODUCT BRIEF

Gigabit Ethernet MAC. (1000 Mbps Ethernet MAC core with FIFO interface) PRODUCT BRIEF Gigabit Ethernet MAC (1000 Mbps Ethernet MAC core with FIFO interface) PRODUCT BRIEF 1. INTRODUCTION This document serves as a product info for the Gigabit Ethernet MAC from Hitek Systems. The core supports

More information

6/8/2011. Document ID: 12023. Contents. Introduction. Prerequisites. Requirements. Components Used. Conventions. Introduction

6/8/2011. Document ID: 12023. Contents. Introduction. Prerequisites. Requirements. Components Used. Conventions. Introduction Page 1 of 9 Products & Services Understanding EtherChannel Load Balancing and Redundancy on Catalyst Switches Document ID: 12023 Contents Introduction Prerequisites Requirements Components Used Conventions

More information

Chapter 16: Distributed Operating Systems

Chapter 16: Distributed Operating Systems Module 16: Distributed ib System Structure, Silberschatz, Galvin and Gagne 2009 Chapter 16: Distributed Operating Systems Motivation Types of Network-Based Operating Systems Network Structure Network Topology

More information

Token Bus. Message Exchange in Token Bus. Example. Problems with Token Bus. Two types of messages are used: Token messages T ID, nextid ID

Token Bus. Message Exchange in Token Bus. Example. Problems with Token Bus. Two types of messages are used: Token messages T ID, nextid ID Token us Token -procedure: Only someone who possesses a certain ken (= bit sequence), may send. One example for a ken network: IEEE 80. Token us All stations should be treated equally, i.e. they have pass

More information

- Hubs vs. Switches vs. Routers -

- Hubs vs. Switches vs. Routers - 1 Layered Communication - Hubs vs. Switches vs. Routers - Network communication models are generally organized into layers. The OSI model specifically consists of seven layers, with each layer representing

More information

CWNA: Official Certification Guide Unit 1 Introduction to Wireless LANs

CWNA: Official Certification Guide Unit 1 Introduction to Wireless LANs CWNA: Official Certification Guide Unit 1 Introduction to Wireless LANs Wireless LANs were once considered expensive and slow solutions to certain network connectivity issues. Wireless LAN sales are now

More information

Understanding EtherChannel Load Balancing and Redundancy on Catalyst Switches

Understanding EtherChannel Load Balancing and Redundancy on Catalyst Switches Cisco - Understanding EtherChannel Load Balancing and Redundancy on Catalyst Switch...Page 1 of 10 Understanding EtherChannel Load Balancing and Redundancy on Catalyst Switches Document ID: 12023 Contents

More information

SSVVP SIP School VVoIP Professional Certification

SSVVP SIP School VVoIP Professional Certification SSVVP SIP School VVoIP Professional Certification Exam Objectives The SSVVP exam is designed to test your skills and knowledge on the basics of Networking, Voice over IP and Video over IP. Everything that

More information

Networking 4 Voice and Video over IP (VVoIP)

Networking 4 Voice and Video over IP (VVoIP) Networking 4 Voice and Video over IP (VVoIP) Course Objectives This course will give delegates a good understanding of LANs, WANs and VVoIP (Voice and Video over IP). It is aimed at those who want to move

More information

EXAMPLES AND PROBLEMS. Competence Based Education Internet Protocols

EXAMPLES AND PROBLEMS. Competence Based Education Internet Protocols EXAMPLES AND PROBLEMS Competence Based Education Internet Protocols Example 1 In following figure frames are generated at node A and sent to node C through node B. Determine the minimum transmission rate

More information

Basic Networking Concepts. 1. Introduction 2. Protocols 3. Protocol Layers 4. Network Interconnection/Internet

Basic Networking Concepts. 1. Introduction 2. Protocols 3. Protocol Layers 4. Network Interconnection/Internet Basic Networking Concepts 1. Introduction 2. Protocols 3. Protocol Layers 4. Network Interconnection/Internet 1 1. Introduction -A network can be defined as a group of computers and other devices connected

More information

Introduction to computer networks and Cloud Computing

Introduction to computer networks and Cloud Computing Introduction to computer networks and Cloud Computing Aniel Nieves-González Fall 2015 Computer Netwoks A computer network is a set of independent computer systems that are connected by a communication

More information

JOB READY ASSESSMENT BLUEPRINT COMPUTER NETWORKING FUNDAMENTALS - PILOT. Test Code: 4514 Version: 01

JOB READY ASSESSMENT BLUEPRINT COMPUTER NETWORKING FUNDAMENTALS - PILOT. Test Code: 4514 Version: 01 JOB READY ASSESSMENT BLUEPRINT COMPUTER NETWORKING FUNDAMENTALS - PILOT Test Code: 4514 Version: 01 Specific Competencies and Skills Tested in this Assessment: PC Principles Identify physical and equipment

More information

Introduction to Computer

Introduction to Computer PDHonline Course E175 (8 PDH) Introduction to Computer Instructor: Dale W. Callahan, Ph.D., P.E. and Lea B. Callahan, P.E. 2012 PDH Online PDH Center 5272 Meadow Estates Drive Fairfax, VA 22030-6658 Phone

More information

Post-Class Quiz: Telecommunication & Network Security Domain

Post-Class Quiz: Telecommunication & Network Security Domain 1. What type of network is more likely to include Frame Relay, Switched Multi-megabit Data Services (SMDS), and X.25? A. Local area network (LAN) B. Wide area network (WAN) C. Intranet D. Internet 2. Which

More information

Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding. Routing Protocols and Concepts Chapter 1

Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding. Routing Protocols and Concepts Chapter 1 Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Routing Protocols and Concepts Chapter 1 1 1 Objectives Identify a router as a computer with an OS and hardware designed for the routing process. Demonstrate

More information

Architecture of distributed network processors: specifics of application in information security systems

Architecture of distributed network processors: specifics of application in information security systems Architecture of distributed network processors: specifics of application in information security systems V.Zaborovsky, Politechnical University, Sait-Petersburg, Russia vlad@neva.ru 1. Introduction Modern

More information

UNIVERSIDAD FRANCISCO DE PAULA SANTANDER DOMINIOS DE COLISION, SEGMENTACION Y VLAN. Academia Local. Ing. José Martín Calixto Cely

UNIVERSIDAD FRANCISCO DE PAULA SANTANDER DOMINIOS DE COLISION, SEGMENTACION Y VLAN. Academia Local. Ing. José Martín Calixto Cely UNIVERSIDAD FRANCISCO DE PAULA SANTANDER DOMINIOS DE COLISION, SEGMENTACION Y VLAN Academia Local Ing. José Martín Calixto Cely COLLISIONS AND COLLISION DOMAINS Types of Networks Shared media environment

More information

COMPUTER NETWORK TECHNOLOGY (300)

COMPUTER NETWORK TECHNOLOGY (300) Page 1 of 10 Contestant Number: Time: Rank: COMPUTER NETWORK TECHNOLOGY (300) REGIONAL 2014 TOTAL POINTS (500) Failure to adhere to any of the following rules will result in disqualification: 1. Contestant

More information

Networks. The two main network types are: Peer networks

Networks. The two main network types are: Peer networks Networks Networking is all about sharing information and resources. Computers connected to a network can avail of many facilities not available to standalone computers: Share a printer or a plotter among

More information