# SOLUTIONS. Learning Goal 22 LG LG 22-2.

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2 S2 Section III Merchandising Operations LG See the table on page 468 for the solution. LG Buyer Company June 11 Merchandise Inventory 15,000 s Payable 15, Merchandise Inventory 9,200 s Payable 9, s Payable 5,000 Merchandise Inventory 5, Merchandise Inventory 5,000 s Payable 5, s Payable 10,000 Merchandise Inventory 200 Cash 9,800 (\$10, = \$9,800) 22 s Payable 9,200 Merchandise Inventory 90 Cash 9,110 (\$9,000.99) + \$200 = \$9, s Payable 4,000 Merchandise Inventory 80 Cash 3,920 (\$3,920/.98 = \$4,000 invoice amount) 29 Merchandise Inventory 150 Cash 150

3 S3 LG 22-4, continued Seller Company June 11 s Receivable 15,000 Sales 15,000 Cost of Goods Sold 12,000 Merchandise Inventory 12, s Receivable 9,200 Cash 200 Sales 9,000 Cost of Goods Sold 7,500 Merchandise Inventory 7, Sales Returns and Allowances 5,000 s Receivable 5,000 Merchandise Inventory 4,000 Cost of Goods Sold 4, s Receivable 5,000 Sales 5,000 Cost of Goods Sold 3,000 Merchandise Inventory 3, Cash 9,800 Sales Discounts 200 s Receivable 10, Cash 9,110 Sales Discounts 90 s Receivable 9, Cash 3,920 Sales Discounts 80 s Receivable 4, (No entry by seller)

4 S4 Section III Merchandising Operations LG August 1 Merchandise Inventory 12,000 s Payable 12,000 2 Merchandise Inventory 4,100 s Payable 4,100 7 s Receivable 8,000 Sales 8,000 7 Cost of Goods Sold 4,500 Merchandise Inventory 4,500 9 s Receivable 4,000 Sales 4,000 9 Cost of Goods Sold 2,100 Merchandise Inventory 2, s Payable 2,000 Merchandise Inventory 2, s Payable 10,000 Merchandise Inventory 200 Cash 9,800 Merchandise Inventory 150 Cash s Payable 4,100 Merchandise Inventory 40 Cash 4,060

5 S5 LG 22-5, continued August 15 Sales Returns and Allowances 500 s Receivable 500 Merchandise Inventory 275 Cost of Goods Sold s Receivable 10,000 Sales 10, Cost of Goods Sold 6,500 Merchandise Inventory 6, Cash 2,425 Sales Discounts 75 s Receivable 2, Cash 3,880 Sales Discounts 120 s Receivable 4, Merchandise Inventory 25,000 s Payable 25, Cash 2,910 Sales Discounts 90 s Receivable 3, Cash 24,500 Notes Payable 24, s Payable 25,000 Merchandise Inventory 500 Cash 24, Cost of Goods Sold 1,800 Merchandise Inventory 1,800

6 S6 Section III Merchandising Operations LG 22-5, continued Comments: August 17: The payment received from Baton Rouge Corporation is \$2,500 of the invoice (gross) amount, so the discount is based on this amount. August 25: The payment received from St. Petersburg Company is the amount of cash received. Because this is within the discount period, the cash is considered to be the amount after applying the discount percent, which means that it is 97% of the larger amount. So, \$2,910/.97 = \$3,000 determines the amount of the receivable to credit. August 27: The purchase from Orlando Company is FOB destination, and there is no indication that the goods have arrived, so title has not transferred to buyer. If title of goods has not transferred to buyer, there is no purchase to record yet. August 31: The \$1,800 is inventory shrinkage. LG Buyer Company April 1 Merchandise Inventory 15,000 s Payable 15,000 3 Merchandise Inventory 9,200 s Payable 9,200 4 s Payable 5,000 Merchandise Inventory 5,000 5 Merchandise Inventory 5,000 s Payable 5,000 6 Equipment 3,675 s Payable 3, s Payable 10,000 Merchandise Inventory 200 Cash 9, s Payable 9,200 Merchandise Inventory 90 Cash 9,110

7 S7 LG 22-6, continued April 15 Merchandise Inventory 17,100 s Payable 17, s Payable 4,000 Merchandise Inventory 80 Cash 3, Supplies 525 Cash Merchandise Inventory 11,000 s Payable 11, s Payable 5,500 Merchandise Inventory 110 Cash 5, s Payable 1,000 Cash 1, Cash 126 Supplies 126 Seller Company April 1 s Receivable 15,000 Sales 15,000 1 Cost of Goods Sold 9,000 Merchandise Inventory 9,000 3 s Receivable 9,200 Sales 9,200

8 S8 Section III Merchandising Operations LG 22-6, continued April 3 Cost of Goods Sold 5,400 Merchandise Inventory 5,400 4 Sales Returns and Allowances 5,000 s Receivable 5,000 4 Merchandise Inventory 3,000 Cost of Goods Sold 3,000 5 s Receivable 5,000 Sales 5,000 5 Cost of Goods Sold 3,000 Merchandise Inventory 3,000 6 s Receivable 3,675 Sales 3,500 Sales Tax Payable 175 Cost of Goods Sold 2,100 Equipment Inventory 2, Cash 9,800 Sales Discounts 200 s Receivable 10, Cash 9,110 Sales Discounts 90 s Receivable 9, s Receivable 17,100 Sales 17,100

9 S9 LG 22-6, continued April 15 Cost of Goods Sold 12,000 Merchandise Inventory 12, Cash 3,920 Sales Discounts 80 s Receivable 4, Cash 525 Sales 500 Sales Tax Payable Cost of Goods Sold 200 Supplies Inventory s Receivable 11,000 Sales 11, Cost of Goods Sold 6,600 Merchandise Inventory 6, Cash 5,390 Sales Discounts 110 s Receivable 5, Cash 1,000 s Receivable 1, Sales Returns and Allowances 120 Sales Tax payable 6 Cash Supplies Inventory 48 Cost of Goods Sold 48

10 S10 Section III Merchandising Operations LG 22-6, continued Comments: This seller uses only one Cost of Goods Sold account for all sales; however, many merchants prefer to use a separate Cost of Goods Sold account for each type of merchandise. April 6: Because in this case the buyer is the final user, sales tax is calculated on the purchase. April 11: The balance due is the original \$15,000 less the \$5,000 return. The discount therefore applies to \$10,000. April 13: The discount does not apply to the shipping charges. The cash due is \$200 shipping charges plus (\$9,000.99) for a total of \$9,110. April 15: The amount to pay after the chain discount is calculated as \$20, = \$17,100. April 15: Because the \$3,920 cash payment was made within the discount period, the \$3,920 is considered to be a net amount after the discount has been applied. The related amount of the payable to which the discount is applied is: \$3.920/.98 = \$4,000. April 19: This is another taxable sale because the buyer company is the final user of the supplies. April 23: Terms are FOB destination, and there is no indication that goods have arrived yet, so title has not transferred and therefore no sale should be recorded. April 30: This is a payment on part of the invoice price so the discount is calculated on the \$5,500. April 31: a. The balance due is \$5,000 minus \$4,000 s Payable reduction from the April 15 payment. b. 5% sales tax on \$120 is \$6. \$120 is 24% of the purchase, so this also applies to the cost. LG a. March 2 s Receivable 5,200 Sales 5,200 2 Cost of Goods Sold 3,380 Merchandise Inventory 3,380 5 s Receivable 7,000 Sales 7,000 5 Cost of Goods Sold 4,550 Merchandise Inventory 4,550 8 Sales Returns and Allowances 900 s Receivable Merchandise Inventory 585 Cost of Goods Sold 585

11 S11 LG 22-7, continued March 11 s Receivable 4,150 Sales 4,000 Cash 150 Cost of Goods Sold 2,600 Merchandise Inventory 2, Cash 2,940 Sales Discounts 60 s Receivable 3, Cash 5,880 Sales Discounts 120 s Receivable 6, s Receivable 15,000 Sales 15, Cost of Goods Sold 9,750 Merchandise Inventory 9, Freight-out Expense 350 Cash Cash 4,070 Sales Discounts 80 s Receivable 4, Sales Returns and Allowances 1,000 s Receivable 1, Cash 14,000 s Receivable 14, Cash 1,000 s Receivable 1,000

12 S12 Section III Merchandising Operations LG 22-7, continued Comments: March 15: This is a cash receipt within the discount period, so it is considered to be net of the discount in other words, after a discount has been applied to a larger amount of the s Receivable. This amount is calculated: \$5,880/.98 = \$6,000. March 24: This sale is FOB destination, and there is no indication that the merchandise has arrived. Therefore, no sale can be recorded because ownership has not yet transferred to the buyer. March 26: Notice that with an allowance, there is no return of inventory. b. A T account for s Payable for Brooklyn Enterprises would look like this: s Payable 900 3,000 5,200 1,300 The \$2,940 cash payment resulted in a \$3,000 debit to s Payable because the payment was made within the discount period. This means that the \$2,940 is 98% of the part of the invoice amount that is being paid. The part of the invoice amount that is being paid is calculated as: \$2,940/.98 = \$3,000. LG a. October 1 Inventory 12,500 s Payable 12,500 2 Inventory 10,350 s Payable 10,350 5 s Payable 1,500 Inventory 1,500 6 Cash 6,264 Sales 5,800 Sales Tax Payable 464

13 S13 LG 22-8, continued October 6 Cost of Goods Sold 3,800 Inventory 3,800 8 Inventory 15,000 s Payable 15,000 9 Cash 4,320 Sales 4,000 Sales Tax Payable Cost of Goods Sold 2,500 Inventory 2, s Payable 11,000 Inventory 220 Cash 10, s Payable 10,350 Inventory 100 Cash 10, Inventory 11,000 s Payable 11, Cash 5,400 Sales 5,000 Sales Tax Payable Cost of Goods Sold 3,250 Inventory 3, Sales Returns and Allowances 300 Sales Tax Payable 24 Cash 324

14 S14 Section III Merchandising Operations LG 22-8, continued October 18 Inventory 170 Cost of Goods Sold s Payable 3,500 Inventory 70 Cash 3, Inventory 150 Cash Cash 10,800 Sales 10,000 Sales Tax Payable Cost of Goods Sold 6,500 Inventory 6, s Payable 7,000 Inventory 140 Cash 6, s Payable 4,000 Cash 4, s Payable 11,500 Cash 11,500 Comments: 31 Sales Tax Payable 1,960 Cash 1,960 October 19: The cash payment is within the discount period, so the cash paid is considered to be an amount after the discount of 2% has been applied. Therefore, the gross amount of the payable (the invoice amount) for this payment is: \$3, = \$3,500. October 23: This is a \$7,000 payment on the invoice amount, so the amount of the cash to be paid will be 98% of this: \$7, = \$6,860. October 29: This purchase is FOB destination, and there is no indication that the goods have arrived. Therefore, title has not transferred to the buyer under the shipping terms, and no purchase can be recorded.

15 S15 LG 22-8, continued October 30: The discount period has expired for both payments on October 30. October 31: Determine the total sales tax liability by using a T account. Be sure to debit the liability for the sales tax on the returned merchandise on October 18. b. You need to determine the net combined sales and sales tax. Total sales plus sales tax in one account is \$26,784. Next, determine the combined amount of the return. This is the \$324 on October 18. Subtract the \$324 to determine the combined net sales and sales tax: \$26,784 \$324 = \$26,460. This is 108% of the actual sales: \$26,460/1.08 = \$24,500. The sales tax liability is \$26,460 \$24,500 = \$1,960. LG The quick way to approximate an annual rate for the discount is to multiply the % discount rate times the number of discount periods in a year, using 360 days for a year. For the first situation: 360/20 = 18 periods 2% = 36% annual rate. For the second situation: 360/35 = 10.3 periods 1% = 10.3% annual rate. For the 2/10, n/30 situation, the 12% rate on the loan is less than 36%, so it would make sense to borrow the money to take advantage of the discount. Janet was correct. In the second situation, it would not be advantageous to borrow at 12% because the cost of the loan at 12% is greater than the 10.3% annual discount rate. Dave would be correct in this situation. However, if the company did not have to borrow money to take the discount, the savings would be about 10.3% annual rate. An alternate and more accurate method of calculation is as follows: a. Step 1: Cost of merchandise if discount is taken: \$10, = \$ 9,800 Step 2: Cost of merchandise if discount not taken: \$10,000 Difference: Additional cost of not taking the discount: \$ 200 \$200 as a percentage of what would have been the cost is \$200/\$9,800 = cost increase (2.041%). The 2.041% cost increase is what is given up to delay payment by 20 days. Therefore, the 2.041% is not an annual rate of interest; it is only a 20-day rate of interest. To convert to annual percentage rate: (365/20) = %. It is much cheaper to borrow the money to pay early, take the discount, and pay only a 12% annual interest rate to the bank. b. Step 1: Cost of merchandise if discount is taken: \$10, = \$ 9,900 Step 2: Cost of merchandise if discount not taken: \$10,000 Difference: Additional cost of not taking the discount: \$ 100 \$100 as a percentage of what would have been the cost is \$100/\$9,900 =.0101 cost increase (1.01%). The 1.01% cost increase is what is given up to delay payment by 35 days. Therefore, the 1.01% is not an annual rate of interest; it is only a 35-day rate of interest. To convert to annual percentage rate: 1.01% (365/35) = 10.53%.

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