1 Ubuntu Linux Server Ubuntu Linux Server Edition Quick Overview Joseph Guarino Owner/Sr. Consultant Evolutionary IT Copyright Evolutionary IT
2 ? How many of you use GNU/Linux on the desktop? Server?
3 Who am I? Joseph Guarino Working in IT for last 15 years systems, network, security admin, technical marketing, project management, IT management, etc. Full time IT consultant with my own firm Evolutionary IT CISSP, LPIC, MCSE, PMP
4 ? How many of you are familiar with Ubuntu or FOSS in some way?
5 Overview Ubuntu server is a very good choice for almost any application you can dream up. Open, flexible, scaleable and secure. Very supportable - support options are supernumerary. Landscape management suite. Yes, Ubuntu rocks on the server as well!
6 What is FOSS/FLOSS? Free and Open Source Software FLOSS or Free/Libre/Open-Source Software. Libre is used to clarify the ambiguity of the word free in English. Alternative term to describe software spectrum from free to open.
7 Dental Hygiene?
8 What is FOSS? FOSS (Free and Open Source Software) is a software licensing model that allows anyone the liberty to use, extend and distribute the software as they see fit. Represents a spectrum of licenses. FOSS is unique as well in that it produces innovation quickly by the very concept of open, cooperative, collaborative sharing and development. Commercial software is much more restrictive.
9 FOSS vs. Commercial Licensed with very specific rights associated with its use, modification, distribution and use that are not commonly available to a user via commercial closed software. Software licenses of traditional commercial software define specific permission, rights and restrictions. Licensee determines the license terms. Much more restrictive that FOSS. Freedom, sharing, collaboration are not inherit parts of this traditional closed model which typifies the traditional software industry.
10 History How it all started...
11 Was it any of these people?
12 Or perhaps?
14 For Serious! It's an amazing story...
15 RMS & the FSF FSF Free Software Foundation Founded in 1983 by Richard Stallman with the goal of creating a free Unix like OS, GNU Project. Consummate computer scientist/hacker who created Emacs, GNU Complier, GNU Debugger. Spearhead the efforts of Free Software movement. Created several copyright license such as the GNU/GPL which is the most popular FOSS licenses.
16 FSF Patent reforms are also critical to RMS and the FSF. Free as in Freedom. Price is not the issue. Uncompromising stance on free software and patents. Doesn't like the term Open Source.
17 Enter the Linus Linux Torvalds in 1991 creates first Linux kernel. Released in 1992 under GNU/GPL Kernel + GNU Project (systems libs/utils) = GNU/Linux Now kernel project coordinator and keeper of Linux trademark. Neutral on Free Software and more focused on quality. Differs with RMS.
18 Early Days Kernel licensed under GNU/GPL propelled interest, innovation and ingenuity of FOSS community. The Linux Kernel plus the systems utilities and libraries from the GNU project yielded Linux in many forms. Early distributions such as Debian & Slackware appeared in 93. Evolution of GNU/Linux
19 Linux Evolutionary Time line
20 Perception & Ambiguity of Free Free software inherently supports capitalism and free enterprise within the context of it supporting free software. Problem was the term free was not helpful in selling software. If its free what would you be buying? Ugh! Who would champion such a cause?
21 And along came the OSI OSI non-profit created in 1998 by Bruce Perens & Eric Raymond to promote open source. Open source was a repositioning of free software with a term that was to clear up the ambiguity seen in the term free. Attempt was to make free software provide a more business friendly effort with less of the deep idealogical slant. Uphold and promotes Open Source Definition.
22 Many Licenses There are many FOSS licenses each which allow different rights and responsibilities Most popular are GNU General Public License, GNU Lesser General Public License, BSD License, Mozilla Public License, MIT License and the Apache License. OSI Licenses OSI Software Definition FSF Licenses Free Software Definition
23 A brief history of time.. Ubuntu style...
24 Debian Linux Long history of quality FOSS software. One of the oldest GNU/Linux distros started back in Debian GNU/Linux is often called the universal OS because it supports 11 architectures (i386,powerpc, arm, alpha,mips, amd64, etc) precompiled packages. Irregular release cycle. Knoppix, MEPIS, Xandros use Debian as a base.
25 Ubuntu Mark Shuttleworth - Early 90's was a Debian developer Founder of Thawte (digital certificates and internet security) which he sold to VeriSign. Founded Canonical Ltd which funds and supports Ubuntu project founder of HBD Venture Capital Shuttleworth Foundation to fund educational and open source projects in South Africa,
26 Ubuntu Ubuntu first released in October 2004 In 2005 he created the community driven organization Ubuntu Foundation with initial $10 million. Always will be FOSS software in perpetuity. Dedicated to solving Bug #1
27 Ubuntu Based upon the long heritage of Debian GNU/Linux Characterized by six month release cycle Suitable for nearly any enterprise need from desktop to core infrastructure. Web, , DNS, File Server, Database, Routing, Firewall, etc. Anything.
28 Ubuntu Family Ubuntu Core desktop effort. Kubuntu Ubuntu but with KDE desktop environment. Edubuntu Ubuntu with focus on educational space. Xubuntu Ubuntu light with snappy Xfce with minimal hardware requirements. Ubuntu Server Ubuntu core with server focus minus desktop, etc.
29 Ubuntu Server Features Xen Virtualization, LTSP (Linux Terminal Server Project), VMWare Virtualization, KVM (Kernel based virtual machines). Thousands of packages for every enterprise need. Red Hat Cluster Suite, Red Hat GFS, Oracle's OCFS2 File system. AppArmor security framework. Pre-configured install options for Mail Server, File Server, Print Server, Database Server, DNS, LAMP Support for x86, AMD64, and UltraSPARC T1 architectures. Uses APT/Synaptic for package management
30 Ubuntu Server Examples Webserver Apache, Aol server Mailserver Postfix, Exim, Dovecot, Zimbra Proxy Server/Content Control Squid, DansGuardian, SquidGuard, HAVP Database Server MySQL, PostgreSQL, DB2 DNS/DHCP ISC Bind File Server NFS, Samba Print Server - Cups Directory Server OpenLdap, Fedora Directory Server Router - Quagga Firewall Shorewall, Fwbuilder, Firestarter VPN OpenVPN, SSL-Explorer, OpenSwan
31 Apt Advanced Packaging Tool is a package management tool. Handles the retrieval, configuration and installation of software packages. Automatic dependency checking and resolution. Relies on repositories which are central stores of available packages. /etc/apt/sources.lst Easy to use. Has a myriad of front-ends such as aptitude, Synaptic, Adept.
32 Repositories 4 Components Whether or not it supports Free Software Philosophy Main Free software that gets security updates and its fully supported. Restricted Not completely free & partially supported. Universe Snapshot of FOSS world with most any application you can find in the open source world. Variety of licenses. Multiverse Not free and not supported.
33 Apt examples Note: root is disabled by default so sudo allows you to run commands with superuser privileges apt-get install packagename installs software package apt-get remove packagename removes package' apt-get update updates list of software packages. apt-get upgrade installs upgrades of all packages currently installed. apt-get dist-upgrade upgrades to latest release.
34 Apt for AMP apt-get install apache2 php5-mysql libapache2-mod-php5 mysql-server Apache, Php and MySQL are now installed. Configuring and locking them down are another issue and beyond the scope of this presentation.
35 IHV Options Sun, Systems 76 officially support. Dell and many others in the works. Most any Linux vendor that supports Linux generally will follow the HCL and offer you support for the hardware. Hardware can be purchased and supported by any organization that supports Linux. I.e. IBM, HP, Dell, etc.
36 ISV Options Thousands of software packages from Apache to Zope. Officially supported software from Sun (Java Enterprise Edition, GlassFish Application Server, Java SE Dev Kit, Java DB, Netbeans), IBM (DB2), Dell (desktop) VMWare (VMI and Para-Ops), SugarCRM, IHV (Independent Hardware Vendors) and ISV (Independent Software Vendors) list is growing daily.
37 Support LTS (Long Term Support) is supported for 3 years on desktop and 5 years for server. Current LTS 6.06, Dapper Drake is supported until 06/2011 Next LTS is 8.04 on 04/08 Canonical Support Ubuntu Marketplace Support with providers globally. Community Support with Forums, Mailing Lists, IRC and Wiki's
38 Landscape Currently in Beta. Easy management from desktop to server with suite of web based administration tools. Bundled with existing support contract without additional charge. Canonical looking for testers and feedback.
39 Landscape Features General Systems Management Software (Package) Management Patch Management Systems Inventory Centralized Logging/Audit Performance Monitoring & Reporting User Management
40 Landscape Management Interface
41 Landscape General Systems Management
42 Landscape General Systems Management
43 Landscape Software/Patch Management
44 Landscape Patch Management
45 Landscape General Systems Inventory
46 Landscape Logging/Audit
47 Landscape Performance Monitoring
48 Landscape User Management
49 Landscape Monkey can run it. Is kinda cool. Give Canonical feedback. Seriously, check it out! =P
50 Try it out.. It's FOSS so download, alter, contribute and hack to your hearts content. Remember there are no CAL's or limits on CPU's, users, or anything...
51 Great Books The Official Ubuntu Book Ubuntu Server in Action
52 Conclusion Ubuntu server is an amazing opportunity for your organization.
53 Thanks to.. Ubuntu community. Canonical team specifically SABDFL, Nick Barcet and Steve George. The FOSS community (developers, documenters, advocates, users, etc.) everywhere.
54 Contact Joseph Guarino Connect on Social Networks
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