Broadband Networks in the Middle East and North Africa. Accelerating High-Speed Internet Access

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Broadband Networks in the Middle East and North Africa. Accelerating High-Speed Internet Access"

Transcription

1 DIRECTIONS IN DEVELOPMENT Communication and Information Technologies Broadband Networks in the Middle East and North Africa Accelerating High-Speed Internet Access Natalija Gelvanovska, Michel Rogy, and Carlo Maria Rossotto

2

3 Broadband Networks in the Middle East and North Africa

4

5 Directions in Development Communication and Information Technologies Broadband Networks in the Middle East and North Africa Accelerating High-Speed Internet Access Natalija Gelvanovska Michel Rogy Carlo Maria Rossotto

6 2014 International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank 1818 H Street NW, Washington DC Telephone: ; Internet: Some rights reserved This work is a product of the staff of The World Bank with external contributions. Note that The World Bank does not necessarily own each component of the content included in the work. The World Bank therefore does not warrant that the use of the content contained in the work will not infringe on the rights of third parties. The risk of claims resulting from such infringement rests solely with you. The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this work do not necessarily reflect the views of The World Bank, its Board of Executive Directors, or the governments they represent. The World Bank does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this work. The boundaries, colors, denominations, and other information shown on any map in this work do not imply any judgment on the part of The World Bank concerning the legal status of any territory or the endorsement or acceptance of such boundaries. Nothing herein shall constitute or be considered to be a limitation upon or waiver of the privileges and immunities of The World Bank, all of which are specifically reserved. Rights and Permissions This work is available under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (CC BY 3.0) creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0. Under the Creative Commons Attribution license, you are free to copy, distribute, transmit, and adapt this work, including for commercial purposes, under the following conditions: Attribution Please cite the work as follows: Gelvanovska, Natalija, Michel Rogy and Carlo Maria Rossotto Broadband Networks in the Middle East and North Africa, Accelerating High-Speed Internet Access. Directions in Development. Washington, DC: World Bank. doi: / License: Creative Commons Attribution CC BY 3.0 Translations If you create a translation of this work, please add the following disclaimer along with the attribution: This translation was not created by The World Bank and should not be considered an official World Bank translation. The World Bank shall not be liable for any content or error in this translation. All queries on rights and licenses should be addressed to the Office of the Publisher, The World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA; fax: ; ISBN (paper): ISBN (electronic): DOI: / Cover photo: Tarmak Media. London, UK Cover design: Debra Naylor, Naylor Designs

7 Contents Foreword Acknowledgments About the Authors Abbreviations xi xiii xv xvii Overview 1 Reference 15 Chapter 1 Introduction 17 Objective and Structure of the Study 17 Why Is Broadband Important for Economic and Social Development? 20 How Does MENA Compare in Terms of Broadband? 23 Notes 25 References 26 Chapter 2 National Broadband Policies and Market Development 31 The Need for Broadband Policies 31 Three Core Objectives of Broadband Policy and Three Stages of Market Development 35 Clustering Countries According to Their Level of Broadband Development 42 References 56 Chapter 3 Infrastructure Deployment and Developing Competition 59 Backbone Network Infrastructure 60 Access Network Infrastructure 61 International and Regional Infrastructure 62 National Backbone and Backhaul Infrastructure 74 Access Network Connectivity 80 Notes 97 References 98 v

8 vi Contents Chapter 4 Recommendations to Accelerate the Development of Broadband Infrastructure 101 Promote Facilities-Based Competition 103 Introduce New Models of Infrastructure Supply 105 Implement Measures to Reduce Deployment Costs 111 Government Intervention to Stimulate Broadband in Underserved Areas 118 Notes 124 References 124 Chapter 5 Conclusion 127 Annex A Selected Country Case Studies 129 Morocco 129 Tunisia 140 The Arab Republic of Egypt 152 Jordan 159 Algeria 167 Libya 178 Notes 191 Boxes 2.1 Egypt s National Broadband Plan Broadband Policy: Objectives and Implementation of the Digital Agenda for Europe Broadband Diffusion Curve Affordability of Broadband for the Poorest Ex-ante Sector-Specific Regulation in Telecommunications Mobile Broadband Technologies Leveraging Sovereign Wealth Funds to Expand Fiber-optic Networks: Gulf Bridge International Open Access to International Submarine or Terrestrial Cables Regulated Access to Submarine Cable Landing Stations in Tunisia Joint Infrastructure Deployment Framework in Bahrain National Infrastructure Deployment Project in Lebanon Jordan s National Broadband Network Broadband Usage Patterns in the Youth Population The Digital Dividend Ladder of Investment and Regulated Wholesale Broadband Offers Relaxing Regulations for Aerial Wiring to Stimulate Broadband Development Mobile Network Operators Are Pioneers in the Optimization of Network Costs Leapfrogging in Lithuania 112

9 Contents vii 4.4 Cutting the Rollout Costs of Broadband Infrastructure in the European Union Cross-Sectoral Passive Infrastructure Sharing in Portugal Approaches to Passive Infrastructure Mapping Coverage Obligations in 4G/LTE Licenses in Germany and Sweden Designing Public Subsidies for Rural Broadband: The Example of Chile Satellite Rural Broadband in Canada 123 Figures 1.1 Broadband Consumer Needs and Technology Options Percentage of Wikipedia Articles per Language 22 B2.3.1 The S-Curve 35 B2.3.2 Penetration of Wireline Broadband Services in Various Countries Fixed and Mobile Broadband Prices Mobile Broadband Penetration and Affordability, December Fixed Broadband Penetration and Affordability, December Importance of Policy Objectives Depends on the Stage of Broadband Market Development Fixed Broadband Penetration and Access Prices, December Fixed-to-Mobile Substitution in an Emerging Market (Arab Republic of Egypt) and a Mature Market (Bahrain), December Fixed-to-Mobile Substitution in Jordan, December S-Curves of Fixed Broadband Market Development in Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates, and Qatar Trends in Fixed Broadband Access Technologies in Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates, December Mobile Broadband Penetration and Access Prices, December Take-up of Mobile Broadband in the Arab Republic of Egypt, Morocco, and Libya, December Network Components of Broadband Infrastructure 60 B3.1.1 Mobile Broadband Technologies Synergies from Utilities Investments: Roads and Water Distribution/Sanitation in Jordan Global Consumer Internet Video Traffic Complementary Fixed and Mobile Architectures 83 B3.8.1 Population Distribution in MENA 86 B3.8.2 User Age Distribution on Facebook in Egypt and Saudi Arabia 87 B3.8.3 Proportion of Mobile Phone Use, by Age and Activity Distribution of Fixed Broadband Connections per Technology in Four MENA Subregions, December

10 viii Contents 3.6 Distribution of Fixed Broadband Connections per Technology in MENA, December Fixed Broadband Market Shares of Incumbent Operators in MENA, December B Investment Ladder and Optimal Broadband Regulatory Model Growth in Fixed Broadband Connections per Technology in MENA, December 2011 December Liberalization of the Telecommunications Sector in Bahrain Supply-Side Policy Measures to Accelerate Broadband Deployment 103 B4.2.1 Overview of Mobile Network Cost Optimization Models Overview of Possible New Models of Infrastructure Supply Involvement of Real-Estate Companies in the Passive Infrastructure Layer 110 B4.3.1 Evolution of Breakdown of FTTx Deployment by Operator Type in Lithuania Typical Stages of the Broadband Network Deployment Chain 113 B4.8.1 Mobile Broadband Subscriptions per Operator in Chile 122 A.1 Libyan Market Structure 178 Maps 1.1 Economies in the MENA Region Submarine Cables and Cross-border Connections in North Africa Submarine Cables and Cross-border Connections in the Middle East Cross-border Connections in Maghreb Countries 66 B3.2.1 Fiber-optic cables International Submarine Cable Connectivity in Morocco 73 A.1 International Submarine Cable Connectivity in Morocco 130 A.2 Main Links of Maroc Telecom s National Fiber Backbone 131 A.3 Main Links of Finetis Maroc s National Fiber Backbone 133 A.4 Key Characteristics of ONCF s Fiber-Optic Infrastructure 136 A.5 Key Characteristics of ONEE s Fiber-Optic Infrastructure 138 A.6 International Submarine Cable Connectivity in Tunisia 142 A.7 Main Links of Tunisie Telecom s National Fiber Backbone 143 A.8 Key Characteristics of SNCFT s Fiber-Optic Infrastructure 145 A.9 Key Characteristics of Tunisie Autoroutes Fiber-Optic Infrastructure 148 A.10 Key Characteristics of STEG s Fiber-Optic Infrastructure 150 A.11 International Submarine Cable Connectivity in Egypt 153 A.12 Key Characteristics of EETC s Fiber-Optic Infrastructure 155 A.13 Key Characteristics of ENR s Fiber-Optic Infrastructure 157 A.14 International Submarine Cable Connectivity in Jordan 160 A.15 Main Links of Jordan Telecom s National Fiber Backbone 161

11 Contents ix A.16 Key Characteristics of NEPCO s Fiber-Optic Infrastructure 163 A.17 Key Characteristics of NBN s Fiber-Optic Infrastructure 166 A.18 International Submarine Cable Connectivity in Algeria 168 A.19 Main Links of Algeria Telecom s National Fiber Backbone 172 A.20 Main Links of Djezzy s National Fiber Backbone 173 A.21 Main Links of Sonatrach s and ADE s National Fiber Backbone 175 A.22 Key Characteristics of Sonelgaz s Fiber-Optic Infrastructure 176 A.23 Key Characteristics of SNTF s Fiber-Optic Infrastructure 177 A.24 International Submarine Cable Connectivity in Libya 180 A.25 Libya Tunisia Egypt Terrestrial Interconnectivity, A.26 LPTIC NGBN Infrastructure, A.27 GECOL s National Fiber Optic Infrastructure, A.28 Fiber-Optic Infrastructure of Libyan Gas and Oil Companies, A.29 Fiber-Optic Infrastructure of MMR, Tables 1.1 Examples of Broadband Employment Multipliers Overview of Broadband in MENA National Broadband Policies Within MENA, B2.2.1 National Broadband Plans Coverage Targets in Selected EU Countries 34 B2.4.1 Affordability of Broadband in Emerging Markets Penetration and Prices of Fixed and Mobile Broadband Access, December Market Share of Incumbent Operator in Selected Markets, December Distribution of MENA Countries Among Three Development Stages Penetration Rates and Prices of Mobile Broadband Access, December Clustering of MENA Countries in Terms of Broadband Market Development Design Capacity for Existing Cables and Effective Bandwidth per Capita, Competition for International Submarine Cable Connectivity How Ready are MENA Economies for Affordable Broadband? Options for Expansion of National Backbone Infrastructure Options for Expansion of National Backbone Infrastructure in Selected Countries Global Consumer Web, , and Data Traffic, Mobile Broadband Connections per Technology in MENA Subregions, December Digital Switchover Across the MENA Region 88

12 x Contents 3.9 Launch of 4G Services in the MENA Region, September 2011 December Penetration of PCs and Internet User to PC Ratio in the MENA Region, Evolution of FTTH/B in MENA Subregions Supply-Side Policy Measures in Accordance with Broadband Market Development Distribution of Costs Between Different Infrastructure Layers Operational Models Involving Real-Estate Developers and Telecommunications Operations Examples of Active and Passive Infrastructure Sharing Coordination Mechanisms in Finland, France, and the Netherlands Bottlenecks and Barriers to More Efficient Use of Passive Infrastructure 118 B4.6.1 Approaches to Passive Infrastructure Mapping 119 A.1 Algerian International Gateways: Landing Stations, Terrestrial, and Potential Alternatives 170 A.2 Key Features of Libya s NGBN Infrastructure, A.3 Key Features of GECOL Fiber Optic Infrastructure, A.4 Fiber-Optic Infrastructure of Libyan Gas and Oil Companies, A.5 Key Features of the MMR Infrastructure 189

13 Foreword The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region stretches across two continents and is surrounded by six bodies of water including the Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Arabian Sea. Running through these waters, fiberoptic cables connect Europe to Africa, Africa to Asia, and the countries of MENA to the world. Over land, terrestrial fiber networks of telecom operators and utility companies are deployed and are forming or could potentially form national backbones connecting countries, regions, and cities. The Arab Republic of Egypt has a unique and critical role to play in managing and protecting fiber-optic cables running through the Suez Canal. Damage to one cable could mean an Internet blackout for a dozen countries at a time. Djibouti and Lebanon have many submarine cables landing on their coasts and are key gateways linking these cables to the terrestrial backbone infrastructure that then has the potential to reach into the hearts of the African and Asian continents. What does all this fiber mean for the countries of MENA? Fiber-optic cables are the backbone of the information and data highways that make up the World Wide Web or Internet. The transition from copper lines to fiber-optic cables has meant that Internet speeds have the potential to become virtually unlimited, bringing Internet service that is always on and at broadband speeds. Broadband Internet, like the steam engine in its time and electricity throughout the modern era, is today considered as a general purpose technology and a driver of growth. With some of the highest rates of unemployment and the most youthful populations in the world, MENA countries have a formidable challenge to create and sustain economic and social opportunities for their people. Broadband Internet is a potential game-changer, enabling new solutions and innovative approaches that could help the region meet some of its pressing challenges. If more people are equipped with access to broadband Internet, particularly the youth and women, tomorrow s MENA region could look significantly different. Despite this potential, however, the uptake of broadband Internet has been strikingly slow and the price of broadband service is high in many of the countries in MENA. The market structures in these countries have only partially changed from the days when telecommunications were treated as a monopoly utility service. There are gaps in infrastructure regionally with no connectivity between neighboring countries in some cases. Similarly, there are gaps within countries, exacerbating the (digital) divide between rural and urban areas. xi

14 xii Foreword Broadband Networks in MENA: Accelerating High-Speed Internet Access takes stock of the existing infrastructure in at least 18 MENA countries and examines the various regulatory and market bottlenecks that are hampering the growth of the Internet in these and other MENA countries. It provides policy and regulatory options for increasing effective use of existing infrastructure as well as alternative infrastructure networks such as power grids and railroads. It explains the benefits of effective cross-sector infrastructure construction frameworks. It points to the need to adjust market structures to foster competitive behavior among service providers which would in turn lead to benefits for the people of MENA, including lower prices and value-added services. This report comes at an opportune time. It is very much in tune with the regional transition toward more inclusive development and addresses the imperative of stimulating growth as the source of desperately needed jobs. We hope the report sheds some light on how the potential benefits of broadband can be widely distributed by ensuring that the people of MENA have access to a high-quality and affordable Internet service. Junaid Kamal Ahmad Director, Sustainable Development Department Middle East and North Africa Region The World Bank Jonathan D. Walters Director, Regional Programs and Partnerships Middle East and North Africa Region The World Bank

15 Acknowledgments This study was written as part of a technical assistance activity funded by the Regional Programs and Partnerships Unit in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region of The World Bank. The country case studies were funded by the Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility (PPIAF). The main authors of the report are Natalija Gelvanovska (Senior [Sr.] Information and Communications Technology [ICT] Policy Specialist), Dr. Michel Rogy (ICT Policy Advisor), and Carlo Maria Rossotto (Lead ICT Policy Specialist, ICT Regional Coordinator, Europe and Central Asia [ECA] and MENA) of the Information and Communications Technology Sector Unit (TWICT). The country cases in the appendix were written by Claude de Jacquelot (Consultant). The study benefitted from the support of a research team, comprising Masatake Yamamichi (Consultant), Joulan Abdul Khalek (Junior Professional Associate), Aleksandra Liaplina (Consultant), Naomi J. Halewood (ICT Policy Specialist), Mather Pfeiffenberger (Operations Analyst), Ievgeniia Viatchaninova (Consultant) (TWICT), and Saida Ouederni (Consultant). The authors and the research team wish to thank the peer reviewers, Dr. Alexandre Serot (Telecommunications Regulatory Authority of the Kingdom of Bahrain), Dr. Tim Kelly (Lead ICT Specialist, TWICT, and infodev), Doyle Gallegos (Lead ICT Policy Specialist, Regional Coordinator, Latin America and the Caribbean [LAC] and Global Connectivity Practice Leader, TWICT), Yann Burtin (Senior Underwriter, MIGOP, MIGA); and Kareem Aziz (Investment Officer, CN3F8, IFC) for the detailed and actionable guidance on the report. The team also extends acknowledgement for the valuable guidance and leadership received from World Bank management, in particular Jonathan Walters (Director, Regional Programs and Partnerships), and Junaid Kamal Ahmad (Sector Director, MNSSD). Acknowledgement and thanks are also extended to colleagues for their support, including Jose Luis Irigoyen (Director, TWI), Patricia Veevers-Carter (Sector Manager, MNSSD); Chris Allen Vein (Sr. Manager, TWICT); Randeep Sudan (Sector Manager, TWICT); Kent Lupberger (Sr. Manager, CNGIT); Jamal Al-Kibbi (Program Manager, CMNA5); Rajendra Singh (Sr. Regulatory Specialist, TWICT); Husam Mohamed Beides (Lead Energy Specialist, MNSEG); Rome Chavapricha (Sr. Infrastructure Specialist, MNSEG); Raymond Bourdeaux (Sector Leader, ECCU4); Antonio Nucifora xiii

16 xiv Acknowledgments (Lead Economist, MNSED); Hayat-Taleb Al-Harazi (Program Officer, MNARS); and Andrew Jones (Operations Analyst, PPIAF). We also gratefully acknowledge the guidance provided by the World Bank External Affairs Department (EXT) and in particular thank Dale Lautenbach (Communications Advisor, MNAEX); Catherine M. Russell (Sr. Communications Officer, TWI); and Lara Saade (Communications Officer, MNAEX) for their inputs and suggestions. The team also wishes to acknowledge the contributions of Hema Nair, Ndeye Anna Ba (Program Assistants, TWICT, and Maria Theresa Cruz (Consultant)). Last but not least, the team also thanks the governments and telecommunications regulatory authorities of Algeria, Bahrain, the Arab Republic of Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia, the United Arab emirates, and the West Bank and Gaza for their availability to respond to detailed questionnaires, and for the kind help provided during follow-up calls to enhance the quality control check for the study. Any errors or omissions are the responsibility of the authors.

17 About the Authors Natalija Gelvanovska, Senior ICT Policy Specialist, joined the World Bank in 2012 as a Senior ICT Policy Specialist and a secondee from the Communications Regulatory Authority of the Republic of Lithuania where she is holding the position of a Deputy Director for the Electronic Communications Department. Natalija is currently working in the Middle East and North Africa and Europe and Central Asia teams of the Policy Division of the ICT Unit. Prior to joining the Bank, Gelvanovska was the Chair of the Working Group on Technical Regulatory Issues at CEPT grouping over 20 European countries to discuss and develop common approaches for policy and regulation applicable the technical aspects of networks and service provision. Gelvanovska has an extensive experience of advisory services under the Technical Assistance and Information Exchange instrument of the European Commission on the harmonization of national regulatory frameworks with EU aqui in numerous European countries. Natalija studied Physics and holds a Master of Science from Vilnius University, Lithuania. She speaks Lithuanian, Polish, and Russian. Dr. Michel Rogy, ICT Policy Advisor, joined the World Bank in 2011 to (a) advise governments on policies and regulations that create a positive investment climate for telecommunications, postal services, and e-applications and (b) structure innovative investment programs including public-private partnerships that attract private investment. He is the Task Team Leader of several lending and technical assistance operations in the North Africa and Africa regions. Before joining the Bank he was for 6 years a Partner with Paris-based TERA Consultants, where he advised the European Commission DG InfSo as well as regulatory authorities and operators throughout the Europe Middle East Africa on policy, strategic, and regulatory issues in the ICT/telecommunications sector. Michel also worked for neuf telecom, an alternative French telecommunications operator, first as Director of the Business Unit Interconnection and Carrier Services and Head of regulatory affairs, and then as director of the Business Unit Business Customers. He started his career as Partner with Ratingen-based EUTELIS Consult, where he advised the European Commission DG InfSo as well as regulatory authorities and operators throughout Europe. Michel holds a PhD in Economics from Telecom ParisTech and a Master s Degree in Telecommunications from Telecom Bretagne. He speaks French, German, and some Italian. xv

18 xvi About the Authors Carlo Maria Rossotto, Lead ICT Policy Specialist and ECA/MENA Coordinator, joined the World Bank in 1998 and is the Regional Coordinator for the Middle East and North Africa and Europe and Central Asia teams of the Policy Division of the ICT Unit. He is the Task Manager of several lending and technical assistance operations in the Middle East, North Africa, and East Asia and the Pacific regions. He has performed economic and regulatory analysis in several telecommunications related projects including the privatization and fiscal impact of sector reforms. Before joining the Bank he advised European ICT corporations on demand analysis, marketing, corporate strategy and regulatory affairs. He holds post-graduate degrees in Economics and Business Administration from Bocconi University Milan and in Financial and Commercial Regulation from The London School of Economics. He speaks Italian, French, and some Spanish.

19 Abbreviations 2G 3G 4G ACE ADE ADM ADSL AMU ANACOM ARCEP AT BAKOM BB BGT BIX BNetzA BPO BSS CAB CATV CDMA CIS CEPT CRAIG DAE DICT second generation of mobile telecommunications technology third generation of mobile telecommunications technology fourth generation of mobile telecommunications technology Africa Coast to Europe submarine cable Algérienne des Eaux (Algerian water distribution agency) Autoroute Du Maroc (Morocco Highway Administration asymmetric digital subscriber line Arab Maghreb Union Autoridade Nacional de Comunicações (Portuguese ICT regulatory authority) Autorité de Régulation des Communications Électroniques et des Postes (French ICT regulatory authority) Algeria Telecom Bundesamt für Kommunikation (Swiss ICT regulatory authority) broadband Large Scale Topography, the Netherlands Bahrain Internet Exchange Bundesnetzagentur (German utilities regulatory authority) business process outsourcing business support system Central African Backbone cable access television Code division multiple access Centralized Information System European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations Centre Régional Auvergnat de l Information Géographique Digital Agenda for Europe Déclarations d Intention de Commencement de Travaux xvii

20 xviii Abbreviations dl DSL DT DVB-RCS DVD DWDM EC ECOWAS EETC EHV EHV/HV EIG ENR EPEG EU FALCON FB FDD FDI FDT FTRA FTTB FTTC FTTD FTTH FTTN FTTP FTTx Gb Gbps GBI GCC GCCIA GDP GECOL GHz GIS downloads digital subscriber line Djibouti Telecom Digital Video Broadcasting- Return Channel via Satellite digital video desk dense wavelength division multiplexing European Commission Economic Community of West African States Egyptian Electricity Transmission Company extra high voltage extra high voltage/high voltage Europe India Gateway Egyptian National Railways Europe Persia Express Gateway European Union submarine telecommunications cable connecting India and several countries in the Persian Gulf fast broadband Frequency Division Duplexing foreign direct investment Fondo de Desarrollo de las Telecomunicaciones (Telecommunications Development Fund, Chile) Forum on Telecommunications/ICT Regulation in Africa fiber-to-the-building fiber-to-the-cabinet, fiber-to-the-curb fiber-to-the-desk fiber-to-the-home fiber-to-the-node fiber-to-the-premises fiber-to-the-x gigabit gigabits per second Gulf Bridge International Gulf Cooperation Council GCC Interconnection Authority gross domestic product General Electricity Company of Libya gigahertz geographic information system

21 Abbreviations xix GNI GRPS GPT GSM GSMA gtld HH HHI HV HSDPA HV ICT INT IP ISP IT ITC ITU ITU-T JADI LINK JTG kbps KDN KLIC km LAN LLU LTE LPTIC M2M Mb Mbps MBNL MEETS Gross national income General packet radio service general purpose technology Global System for Mobile Communications GSM Association generic top level domain households Herfindahl-Hirschman Index high voltage High-Speed Downlink Packet Access high voltage information and communications technology Instance Nationale des Télécommunications (Tunisian ICT regulatory authority) Internet Protocol Internet service provider information technology Integrated Telecom Company International Telecommunication Union International Telecommunication Union-Telecommunication Jeddah-Amman-Damascus-Istanbul Link (submarine fiberoptic cable connecting those four cities) Jordan Telecom Group kilobits per second Kenya Data Network Kabels en Leidigen Informatie Centrum (Cable and Pipeline Information Center, the Netherlands) kilometer local area network local loop unbundling long-term evolution, standard for fourth generation mobile telecommunications technology Libyan Post, Telecommunications and Information Technology Company machine-to-machine megabit megabits per second Mobile Broadband Network Limited Middle East Europe Terrestrial System

22 xx Abbreviations MENA MHz MMR MPLS MVNO NBN NEPAD NEPCO NGBN NJUG NPCA NRA NSN OECD OFCOM OLO ONCF ONEE OPGW OSS OTMT PC PIDA PPP PSTN PT TRIS QNBN RAN RCN RRT Middle East and North Africa megahertz Man-Made River Multiprotocol Label Switching Mobile virtual network operator national broadband network, National Broadband Network (Jordan) New partnership for Africa s development National Electricity Power Company (Jordan) Next Generation Backbone Network National Joint Utilities Group Nepad Planning and Coordinating Agency national regulatory authority Nokia Siemens Networks Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Office of Communications (UK ICT regulatory authority) other licensed operators Office Nationale des Chemins de Fer (Moroccan railways company) Office National de l Electricité et de l Eau Potable (Moroccan utility company) optical ground wire operations support system Orascom Telecom Media and Technology personal computer Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa public-private partnership, purchase power parity public switched telephone network Project Team Technical Regulatory Issues (CEPT) Qatar National Broadband Network radio access network regional cable network Ryšių reguliavimo tarnyba (Communications Regulatory Authority, Lithuania) SEA-ME-WE4 South East Asia-Middle East-Western Europe 4 optical fiber submarine communications cable system SIIS SMP Security and Intelligent Information Systems, also Information System for Broadband Infrastructure, Poland significant market power

23 Abbreviations xxi SNCFT SNTF SNO SPV STC STE STEG STM Société Nationale des Chemins de Fer Tunisiens (Tunisian Railways) la Société nationale du transport ferroviaire (Algerian Railways) second national operator special purpose vehicle Saudi Telecom Company Syrian Telecommunication Establishment Société Tunisienne de l Electricité et du Gaz (Tunisian Electricity and Gas Company) synchronous transmission mode SUBTEL Subsecretaría de Telecomunicaciones (Department of Telecommunications, Chile) Tbps TDD TDMA Telco TGN THT/HT TRA UFB UKE ULL UMTS HSPA us VDSL VNI VoIP WARCIP WB WCDMA Wi-Fi WiMax WLAN xdsl terabits per second Time Division Duplexing time division multiple access telecommunications company Tata Global Network Tres haute tension/ Haute tension Telecommunications Regulatory Authority ultra-fast broadband Urządą Komunikacji Elektronicznej (Office of Electronic Communications, Poland) Unbundling the local loop Universal Mobile Telecommunications System High Speed Packet Access universal service very-high-bit-rate digital subscriber line Cisco s Visual Networking Index voice over Internet Protocol West Africa Regional Communications Infrastructure Program World Bank Wideband code division multiple access WLAN products IEEE standards Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access wireless local area network digital subscriber line (of any type)

Broadband Networks in MENA: Accelerating High-Speed Internet Access

Broadband Networks in MENA: Accelerating High-Speed Internet Access . Broadband Networks in MENA: Accelerating High-Speed Internet Access.. Transport, Water and Infrastructure MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA. Natalija Gelvanovska Dr.Michel Rogy Carlo Maria Rossotto ... Standard

More information

National Broadband Policies and Market Development

National Broadband Policies and Market Development C HAPTER 2 National Broadband Policies and Market Development The Need for Broadband Policies An increasing number of countries across Middle East and North Africa (MENA) have adopted a national broadband

More information

Infrastructure Deployment and Developing Competition

Infrastructure Deployment and Developing Competition C HAPTER 3 Infrastructure Deployment and Developing Competition Most countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) are in the emerging and developing phases, and broadband markets are expected to

More information

France Telecom Orange investor day conquests 2015

France Telecom Orange investor day conquests 2015 France Telecom Orange investor day conquests 2015 transforming networks for best in class customer experience Thierry Bonhomme Senior Executive Vice President Orange Labs, Networks and Carriers May 31

More information

Terms of Reference: Consultancy Firm. Selection #1019083

Terms of Reference: Consultancy Firm. Selection #1019083 Terms of Reference: Consultancy Firm Selection #1019083 Support for Broadband Competitiveness Program in Eastern Europe, South Caucasus and Central Asia (ECA) Trust Fund: TF071399 Creating Sustainable

More information

Appendix A: Basic network architecture

Appendix A: Basic network architecture Appendix A: Basic network architecture TELECOMMUNICATIONS LOCAL ACCESS NETWORKS Traditionally, telecommunications networks are classified as either fixed or mobile, based on the degree of mobility afforded

More information

Bahrain Telecom Pricing

Bahrain Telecom Pricing Bahrain Telecom Pricing International Benchmarking December 2015 2015 Disclaimer This benchmarking report contains information collected by an independent consultant commissioned by the Telecommunications

More information

Broadband Definitions and Acronyms

Broadband Definitions and Acronyms The New Mexico Broadband Program Broadband Definitions and Acronyms Version 1, April 2013 Prepared for: The New Mexico Broadband Program NM Department of Information Technology http://www.doit.state.nm.us/broadband/

More information

Mobile Broadband, DSL, & International Bandwidth Prices

Mobile Broadband, DSL, & International Bandwidth Prices Mobile Broadband, DSL, & International Bandwidth Prices Market and Competition Unit TELECOMMUNICATIONS REGULATORY AUTHORITY (TRA), LEBANON November 2011 Table of Contents I. Mobile Broadband Pricing in

More information

Broadband markets Digital Agenda Scoreboard 1 2014

Broadband markets Digital Agenda Scoreboard 1 2014 Broadband markets Digital Agenda Scoreboard 2014 1 Broadband coverage: Basic broadband is available to everyone in the EU, while fixed technologies cover 97% leaving 6 million homes unconnected. Next Generation

More information

Trade Facilitation Initiatives in the ESCWA Region

Trade Facilitation Initiatives in the ESCWA Region Trade Facilitation Initiatives in the ESCWA Region E/ESCWA/EDGD/2013/Technical Paper.3 13-0143 Trade facilitation at the WTO On 1 August 2004, the Member States of the World Trade Organization (WTO) agreed

More information

Enabling e-commerce: recent trends in broadband deployment and uptake

Enabling e-commerce: recent trends in broadband deployment and uptake WTO Workshop on E-Commerce, Development and Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) Geneva, 8-9 April 2013 Enabling e-commerce: recent trends in broadband deployment and uptake Susan Teltscher Head,

More information

Bridging the African Internet

Bridging the African Internet Bridging the African Internet Introduction Mike Silber Head of Legal and Commercial Liquid Telecom Board member ICANN.za Domain Name Authority TENET ISPA (South Africa) Management Committee Bridging the

More information

FTTH network rollouts: Is there a winning model in Europe? Joëlle Toledano ARCEP. Idate 2011 November 16th

FTTH network rollouts: Is there a winning model in Europe? Joëlle Toledano ARCEP. Idate 2011 November 16th FTTH network rollouts: Is there a winning model in Europe? Joëlle Toledano ARCEP Idate 2011 November 16th Contents Three Winning / interesting models: FTTH in Singapore FTTx in Korea Broadband in France

More information

The part of the network that connects customers to the exchange, sometimes called the local loop or the last mile.

The part of the network that connects customers to the exchange, sometimes called the local loop or the last mile. Glossary of broadband terms 3G: Refers to the third generation of mobile phone technology following on from 2G. 3G allows for faster access to the internet and allows services including video calls and

More information

4G: Fourth generation mobile phone standards and technology. Provides faster mobile data speeds than the 3G standards that it succeeds.

4G: Fourth generation mobile phone standards and technology. Provides faster mobile data speeds than the 3G standards that it succeeds. Department for Culture, Media & Sport 1 Annex B: Glossary 2G: Second generation of mobile telephony systems. Uses digital transmission to support voice, low-speed data communications, and short messaging

More information

Broadband Coverage in Europe Final Report 2009 Survey Data as of 31 December 2008. DG INFSO 80106 December 2009 IDATE 1

Broadband Coverage in Europe Final Report 2009 Survey Data as of 31 December 2008. DG INFSO 80106 December 2009 IDATE 1 Broadband Coverage in Europe Final Report 2009 Survey Data as of 31 December 2008 DG INFSO 80106 December 2009 IDATE 1 Table of contents 1. Methodological notes...5 2. Executive summary...7 3. European

More information

2011 Telecommunications Retail Prices Benchmarking Report for Arab Countries

2011 Telecommunications Retail Prices Benchmarking Report for Arab Countries 2011 Telecommunications Retail Prices Benchmarking Report for Arab Countries Prepared by Teligen on behalf of TRA Bahrain September 2011 www.strategyanalytics.com Teligen, Strategy Analytics Ltd, 2011.

More information

Bahrain Telecom Pricing International Benchmarking. April 2014

Bahrain Telecom Pricing International Benchmarking. April 2014 Bahrain Telecom Pricing International Benchmarking April 2014 2014 Contents of this report Report overview 3 PSTN basket results for GCC countries, including time series 4 Mobile basket results for GCC

More information

Speed Matters: High Speed Internet for All

Speed Matters: High Speed Internet for All Speed Matters: High Speed Internet for All Communications Workers of America www.speedmatters.org The emergence of a new communications system one based on high speed interactive networks designed for

More information

OVERVIEW OF THE TELECOMMUNICATIONS INDUSTRY

OVERVIEW OF THE TELECOMMUNICATIONS INDUSTRY Certain facts, statistics and data presented in this section and elsewhere in this document have been derived, in part, from various government or official sources. Whilst the Directors have taken all

More information

MNS Viewpoint: LTE EVOLUTION IN AFRICA 1. Introduction

MNS Viewpoint: LTE EVOLUTION IN AFRICA 1. Introduction MNS Viewpoint: LTE EVOLUTION IN AFRICA 1. Introduction Wireless communications have evolved rapidly since the emergence of 2G networks. 4G technology (also called LTE), enables to answer the new data market

More information

Building regional connectivity: Insights from research for policy

Building regional connectivity: Insights from research for policy Building regional connectivity: Insights from research for policy Rohan Samarajiva United Nations ESCAP Committee on ICT 3 rd Session 20 22 November 2012 This work was carried out with the aid of a grant

More information

Panel: How broadband policy can contribute to deploy secured and universal broadband access. Presentation:

Panel: How broadband policy can contribute to deploy secured and universal broadband access. Presentation: Panel: How broadband policy can contribute to deploy secured and universal broadband access Presentation: Initiatives to deploy broadband access in Europe Erik BOHLIN Chalmers University of Technology,

More information

LTE Technology and Rural Broadband DiploFoundation Webinar. Milan Vuckovic Analyst, Wireless Policy Development Verizon Communications

LTE Technology and Rural Broadband DiploFoundation Webinar. Milan Vuckovic Analyst, Wireless Policy Development Verizon Communications LTE Technology and Rural Broadband DiploFoundation Webinar Milan Vuckovic Analyst, Wireless Policy Development Verizon Communications August 28, 2012 Presentation Outline Snapshot of Verizon & US Mobile

More information

Data Services Portfolio

Data Services Portfolio Data Services Portfolio Carrier Relations & Wholesale Department Local Services enet ewan Microwave National MPLS Local Leased Circuits Extended Services IP Transit International MPLS International Private

More information

THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT OF ULTRA HIGH BANDWIDTH OF THE INTERNET NETWORK BY 2020

THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT OF ULTRA HIGH BANDWIDTH OF THE INTERNET NETWORK BY 2020 THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT OF ULTRA HIGH BANDWIDTH OF THE INTERNET NETWORK BY 2020 Professor T Alukaidey University of Hertfordshire, United Kingdom Ecommerce, 1 London, UK Overview Technological Background

More information

Oman Broadband Company. 1 st of June 2014

Oman Broadband Company. 1 st of June 2014 Oman Broadband Company 1 st of June 2014 1. Broadband 2. impact on the society Current situation in Oman Facts 4. OBC role and expected contribution What is broadband Fixed Broadband Narrowband or dial

More information

What drives broadband takeup?

What drives broadband takeup? John de Ridder What drives broadband takeup? Abstract This article summarises an econometric study undertaken by the author for the OECD which found several key factors explaining the level of broadband

More information

Wireless Technologies for the 450 MHz band

Wireless Technologies for the 450 MHz band Wireless Technologies for the 450 MHz band By CDG 450 Connectivity Special Interest Group (450 SIG) September 2013 1. Introduction Fast uptake of Machine- to Machine (M2M) applications and an installed

More information

NETWORK AS AN ENABLER. WALTER GOLDENITS Chief Technology and IT Officer

NETWORK AS AN ENABLER. WALTER GOLDENITS Chief Technology and IT Officer NETWORK AS AN ENABLER WALTER GOLDENITS Chief Technology and IT Officer TECHNOLOGY AS AN ENABLER OF CUSTOMER EXPERIENCE SPEED OF Technology Innovation Activities COST EFFICIENCY Network modernization Architecture

More information

Broadband Coverage in Europe Final Report 2011 Survey Data as of 31 December 2010. DG INFSO 80106 C December 2011 IDATE 1

Broadband Coverage in Europe Final Report 2011 Survey Data as of 31 December 2010. DG INFSO 80106 C December 2011 IDATE 1 Broadband Coverage in Europe Final Report 2011 Survey Data as of 31 December 2010 DG INFSO 80106 C December 2011 IDATE 1 Table of contents 1. Methodological notes...6 2. Executive summary...8 3. European

More information

Benchmarking Broadband. New Zealand s path to generating global broadband envy

Benchmarking Broadband. New Zealand s path to generating global broadband envy Benchmarking Broadband New Zealand s path to generating global broadband envy September 2013 New Zealand s broadband story Fast broadband availability has increased significantly We are a broadband growth

More information

WiMAX technology. An opportunity that can lead African Countries to the NET Economy. Annamaria Raviola SVP - Marketing and Business Development

WiMAX technology. An opportunity that can lead African Countries to the NET Economy. Annamaria Raviola SVP - Marketing and Business Development WiMAX technology An opportunity that can lead African Countries to the NET Economy Annamaria Raviola SVP - Marketing and Business Development Agenda Telecommunications in Africa: the present picture Wi-MAX:

More information

EN 43 EN 2. FAST AND ULTRA-FAST INTERNET ACCESS. 2.1. Introduction

EN 43 EN 2. FAST AND ULTRA-FAST INTERNET ACCESS. 2.1. Introduction 2. FAST AND ULTRA-FAST INTERNET ACCESS 2.1. Introduction Over 99.9% of European homes can have access to broadband of at least a basic quality, when considering all technologies (including fixed, fixed-wireless,

More information

Recommendations to Accelerate the Development of Broadband Infrastructure

Recommendations to Accelerate the Development of Broadband Infrastructure C HAPTER 4 Recommendations to Accelerate the Development of Broadband Infrastructure The experience of the past decade has clearly shown that competition, and in particular facilities-based competition,

More information

Appendix 1: Satellite broadband service providers

Appendix 1: Satellite broadband service providers Appendixes Appendix 1: Satellite broadband service providers In 2005 06, satellite broadband services were provided by the following companies: Australian Private Networks (ACTIV8me) Be Communications

More information

Introduction. Objective and Structure of the Study. Chapter 1

Introduction. Objective and Structure of the Study. Chapter 1 Chapter 1 Introduction Objective and Structure of the Study Broadband generally refers to a telecommunications connection that is always on, as opposed to a dial-up connection via the public switched telephone

More information

THE FUTURE OF BROADBAND & IMPACT ON BUSINESS

THE FUTURE OF BROADBAND & IMPACT ON BUSINESS THE FUTURE OF BROADBAND & IMPACT ON BUSINESS 1 Broadband Commission Letter to G20 June 2012 Like water, roads, rail and electricity before it, broadband is of fundamental importance to social and economic

More information

National strategy for very high-speed networks. - Very high-speed broadband for all

National strategy for very high-speed networks. - Very high-speed broadband for all National strategy for very high-speed networks - Very high-speed broadband for all Luxembourg, April 2010 Courtesy translation, for reference only. Official version in French. National strategy for very

More information

YAHCLICK COVERAGE YahClick is offered through the Y1B satellite, which is Yahsat s second satellite that was launched successfully into orbit on 24th

YAHCLICK COVERAGE YahClick is offered through the Y1B satellite, which is Yahsat s second satellite that was launched successfully into orbit on 24th YAHCLICK COVERAGE YahClick is offered through the Y1B satellite, which is Yahsat s second satellite that was launched successfully into orbit on 24th April 2012. YahClick will be available across specific

More information

Broadband Mapping 2013

Broadband Mapping 2013 Broadband Mapping 2013 Broadband Mapping 2013 Summary Publisher: The Danish Business Authority A full Danish edition can be downloaded from the website of the Danish Business Authority: www.erst.dk BROADBAND

More information

Unlocking Broadband for All:

Unlocking Broadband for All: Unlocking Broadband for All: Infrastructure Sharing for Better Connectivity SADC/CRASA Stakeholder Validation Workshop May 20-21st 2015 Infrastructure Sharing - A Key Strategy for Meeting Universal Access

More information

JAMII TELECOMMUNICATIONS LTD COMPANYPROFILE

JAMII TELECOMMUNICATIONS LTD COMPANYPROFILE YOUR TRUSTED BUSINESS PARTN E R JAMII TELECOMMUNICATIONS LTD COMPANYPROFILE Table of Contents 1. Introduction 2. Our Vision 3. Our Mission 4. Our Core Values 5. Our Customer Service Vision 6. The Company

More information

The Arab World Online 2014: Trends in Internet and Mobile Usage in the Arab Region

The Arab World Online 2014: Trends in Internet and Mobile Usage in the Arab Region The Arab World Online 2014: Trends in Internet and Mobile Usage in the Arab Region Navigating through mounting developmental challenges, the Arab region continues to go through technology-enabled transformations,

More information

Private Sector Development OECD-MENA Women s Business Forum: A Platform for Empowering Women in Business

Private Sector Development OECD-MENA Women s Business Forum: A Platform for Empowering Women in Business Private Sector Development OECD-MENA Women s Business Forum: A Platform for Empowering Women in Business Briefing at OECD Washington Center 28 April 2010, Paris, France Women in MENA are now better educated

More information

Opening up the bandwidth bottleneck in Africa. Martin Mutiiria, Director, Sales, Africa, WIOCC

Opening up the bandwidth bottleneck in Africa. Martin Mutiiria, Director, Sales, Africa, WIOCC Opening up the bandwidth bottleneck in Africa Martin Mutiiria, Director, Sales, Africa, WIOCC Martin Mutiiria Director, Sales - Africa Opening up the bandwidth bottleneck in Africa Africa Submarine Cables

More information

The world in 2015. MDGs 2000-2015: ICT revolution and remaining gaps 2000 2015*

The world in 2015. MDGs 2000-2015: ICT revolution and remaining gaps 2000 2015* ICT Facts Figures & The world in 215 This year governments are making their final assessment of the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which global leaders agreed upon in the year 2. Over the past

More information

REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT AND LATEST DEVELOPMENTS. BALÁZS MÁTHÉ Chief Legal and Corporate Affairs Officer

REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT AND LATEST DEVELOPMENTS. BALÁZS MÁTHÉ Chief Legal and Corporate Affairs Officer REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT AND LATEST DEVELOPMENTS BALÁZS MÁTHÉ Chief Legal and Corporate Affairs Officer TAXES PUTTING PRESSURE ON EBITDA HUF bn 40 30 8.7 20 10 0 27.0 2010 25.4 2011 24.3 2012 ca. 25 7.3

More information

Point Topic s Broadband Operators and Tariffs

Point Topic s Broadband Operators and Tariffs 1 Point Topic s Broadband Operators and Tariffs Broadband tariff benchmarks: Q2 2013 July 2013 Point Topic Ltd 73 Farringdon Road London EC1M 3JQ, UK Tel. +44 (0) 20 3301 3303 Email tariffs@point-topic.com

More information

International Bandwidth

International Bandwidth AGENDA Definition Implementation Usage of international bandwidth Definition We mean by International Bandwidth the maximum quantity of data transmission (Rate) from a country to the rest of the world.

More information

INFORmATION SOCIETY OUTLOOK

INFORmATION SOCIETY OUTLOOK INFORmATION SOCIETY OUTLOOK ICT Indicators Newsletter VOLUME 1, ISSUE 2 - AUGUST 2011 Overview ICT Indicators Web Portal: http://indicators.ncb.mu Contents The second issue of this newsletter highlights

More information

International Wholesale: Increasingly regional, on the brink of change

International Wholesale: Increasingly regional, on the brink of change International Wholesale: Increasingly regional, on the brink of change The wholesale connectivity business, once dominated by giants such as voice carriers like Verizon, Tata or Deutsche Telekom and global

More information

Mobile Broadband of Deutsche Telekom AG LTE to cover White Spaces. Karl-Heinz Laudan Deutsche Telekom AG 16 June 2011

Mobile Broadband of Deutsche Telekom AG LTE to cover White Spaces. Karl-Heinz Laudan Deutsche Telekom AG 16 June 2011 Mobile Broadband of Deutsche Telekom AG LTE to cover White Spaces Karl-Heinz Laudan Deutsche Telekom AG 16 June 2011 Spectrum is the basis for any mobile radio communication service Satellites (1,5 2,2

More information

How much of a game-changer is LTE? Technology developments and regulatory implications

How much of a game-changer is LTE? Technology developments and regulatory implications How much of a game-changer is LTE? Technology developments and regulatory implications Presentation for the Latin America Spectrum Conference 2012 Amit Nagpal 25 October 2012 2 How do we resolve the capacity

More information

Global Connectivity from the Middle East. in B2B Services Strategic. Seamless. Scalable

Global Connectivity from the Middle East. in B2B Services Strategic. Seamless. Scalable Global Connectivity from the Middle East in B2B Services Strategic. Seamless. Scalable Globally, from Bahrain Kalaam s inb2b global connectivity services delivers customized communication solutions that

More information

Point Topic s Broadband Operators and Tariffs

Point Topic s Broadband Operators and Tariffs 1 Point Topic s Broadband Operators and Tariffs Broadband tariff benchmarks: Q1 2013 May 2013 Point Topic Ltd 73 Farringdon Road London EC1M 3JQ, UK Tel. +44 (0) 20 3301 3305 Email tariffs@point-topic.com

More information

Economic issues of (broadband) access networks. C. Courcoubetis

Economic issues of (broadband) access networks. C. Courcoubetis Economic issues of (broadband) access networks Topics Broadband access networks* Economics of deployment* Municipal access networks * WIK Consult: The economics of NGA Economics of access - 2 The importance

More information

Telecom Italia technology enablers for new markets

Telecom Italia technology enablers for new markets MILAN, 18 OCTOBER 2007 Telecom Italia technology enablers for new markets TI MANAGING DIRECTOR TECHNOLOGY 1 Convergent TLC Market and the new Telecom 2.0 approach CAGR 06-09 3,7% 0,8% 1,8% 2,3% 1,6% ICT

More information

Next Generation Access Glossary. 21CN: BT s upgrade of their core network (the backbone of the network).

Next Generation Access Glossary. 21CN: BT s upgrade of their core network (the backbone of the network). Next Generation Access Glossary 21CN: BT s upgrade of their core network (the backbone of the network). Access network: The part of the network that connects directly to customers from the local telephone

More information

OPEN SKIES POLICY - MARKET ACCESS PRINCIPLES FOR SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS

OPEN SKIES POLICY - MARKET ACCESS PRINCIPLES FOR SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS OPEN SKIES POLICY - MARKET ACCESS PRINCIPLES FOR SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS Executive Summary The need for Open Skies approach for satellite services stems from the reach and nature of satellite signals,

More information

Broadband Coverage in Europe in 2011:

Broadband Coverage in Europe in 2011: Broadband Coverage in Europe in 2011: Coverage for Switzerland Prepared by: Laura Kell Date: 11 February 2013 Version: 1.2 Point Topic Ltd 73 Farringdon Road London EC1M 3JQ, UK Tel. +44 (0) 20 3301 3305

More information

Telephone Service: A Natural Monopoly?

Telephone Service: A Natural Monopoly? Box 6-2 continued By June 2003, this had grown to 88 percent. A recent study indicates that the introduction of satellite TV led to substantial gains for consumers. However, ongoing antitrust oversight

More information

BROADBAND DEPLOYMENT: The example of Lithuania

BROADBAND DEPLOYMENT: The example of Lithuania BROADBAND DEPLOYMENT: The example of Lithuania Giedrius Pūras Deputy director Communications Regulatory Authority of the Republic of Lithuania (RRT) BEREC EMERG EAPEREG - REGULATEL SUMMIT Challenges for

More information

Unbundling in Europe: Recent Trends

Unbundling in Europe: Recent Trends Unbundling in Europe: Recent Trends Sophie BISMUT IDATE, Montpellier O ver the past few years, a radical change has come about in the role of the copper local loop that connects subscribers to their operator's

More information

Consultation Paper. Communications and Information Technology Commission

Consultation Paper. Communications and Information Technology Commission JMTZPL Communications and Information Technology Commission Consultation Paper Assessment of the Establishment of International Internet Exchange Points (IIXPs) in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 23-10-1431

More information

Martin Cave: fibre in Europe

Martin Cave: fibre in Europe Martin Cave: fibre in Europe IEP Barcelona, 17 February 2015 Imperial College Business School 1 Why is Europe slow to get fibre, and why does it matter? IEP Barcelona 17 February 2015 Martin Cave Imperial

More information

2011 ICT Facts and Figures

2011 ICT Facts and Figures The World in 211 ICT Facts and Figures One third of the world s population is online 45% of Internet users below the age of 25 Share of Internet users in the total population Users, developed Using Internet:

More information

Networks 2. Gabriela Ochoa. 2014 University of Stirling CSCU9B1 Essential Skills for the Information Age. Content

Networks 2. Gabriela Ochoa. 2014 University of Stirling CSCU9B1 Essential Skills for the Information Age. Content Networks 2 Gabriela Ochoa Lecture Networks 2/Slide 1 Content How is Internet connected? Internet backbone Internet service providers (ISP) How to connect a home computer to the Internet? How do networks

More information

LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN ERICSSON MOBILITY REPORT APPENDIX NOVEMBER

LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN ERICSSON MOBILITY REPORT APPENDIX NOVEMBER LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN ERICSSON MOBILITY REPORT APPENDIX NOVEMBER MARKET OVERVIEW Key figures: Latin America and the Caribbean M Mobile subscriptions (million) Smartphone subscriptions (million)

More information

Trends in the Telecom industry Drivers for our connected age Gabrielle Gauthey President, Government and Public Sector Global Forum- Geneva-17

Trends in the Telecom industry Drivers for our connected age Gabrielle Gauthey President, Government and Public Sector Global Forum- Geneva-17 Trends in the Telecom industry Drivers for our connected age Gabrielle Gauthey President, Government and Public Sector Global Forum- Geneva-17 november 2014 1 COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS

More information

Timing over Packet. Technical Brief

Timing over Packet. Technical Brief Technical Brief 02/08 1. Abstract This paper is designed to help operators understand how to deploy Precision Time Protocol (PTP, or IEEE 1588v2) in mobile networks for the purpose of synchronizing base

More information

Wire & Cable Focus Report Middle East and North Africa Markets

Wire & Cable Focus Report Middle East and North Africa Markets Wire & Cable Focus Report Middle East and North Africa Markets Prospects and opportunities in the MENA cable markets Dubai, UAE at night, 2011 www.integer-research.com How has the Arab Spring affected

More information

TELEGEOGRAPHY REPORT EXECUTIVE SUMMARY. Executive Summary

TELEGEOGRAPHY REPORT EXECUTIVE SUMMARY. Executive Summary Executive Summary Over the past two decades, the international long-distance industry has experienced wrenching changes. Service providers have weathered market liberalization, the enormous telecom market

More information

ADSL or Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line. Backbone. Bandwidth. Bit. Bits Per Second or bps

ADSL or Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line. Backbone. Bandwidth. Bit. Bits Per Second or bps ADSL or Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line Backbone Bandwidth Bit Commonly called DSL. Technology and equipment that allow high-speed communication across standard copper telephone wires. This can include

More information

2013 Telecommunications Retail Price Benchmarking Report for Arab Countries

2013 Telecommunications Retail Price Benchmarking Report for Arab Countries 2013 Telecommunications Retail Price Benchmarking Report for Arab Countries Report from the AREGNET Price Benchmarking Study April 2014 www.strategyanalytics.com Teligen, Strategy Analytics Ltd, 2014.

More information

EU initiative to reduce the cost of deploying high-speed internet across Europe

EU initiative to reduce the cost of deploying high-speed internet across Europe EU initiative to reduce the cost of deploying high-speed internet across Europe Wolf-Dietrich Grussmann DG CONNECT Unit B.1 (Regulatory Coordination & Business) FTTH Conference, London, 19 February 2013

More information

Definitions of the Telecommunication indicators used in the EUROSTAT telecommunications inquiry

Definitions of the Telecommunication indicators used in the EUROSTAT telecommunications inquiry Definitions of the Telecommunication indicators used in the EUROSTAT telecommunications inquiry Table 1 Operators (Unit: number (NBR)) Number of active operators (only active) offering publicly available

More information

GSR11 BEST PRACTICE GUIDELINES ON

GSR11 BEST PRACTICE GUIDELINES ON GSR11 BEST PRACTICE GUIDELINES ON REGULATORY APPROACHES TO ADVANCE THE DEPLOYMENT OF BROADBAND, ENCOURAGE INNOVATION AND ENABLE DIGITAL INCLUSION FOR ALL* The rapid growth of the digital economy presents

More information

Huawei Answer to ARCEP s public consultation on the challenges tied to new frequency bands for electronic communication services access networks

Huawei Answer to ARCEP s public consultation on the challenges tied to new frequency bands for electronic communication services access networks Huawei Answer to ARCEP s public consultation on the challenges tied to new frequency bands for electronic communication services access networks July 2007-26 September 2007 Question no. 1: What is your

More information

Information and communication technology for development

Information and communication technology for development STATES AND MARKETS Introduction Information and communication technology for development Rapid advances in information and communication technology (ICT) have connected people, businesses, and governments

More information

Natalija Gelvanovska. Head of Access and Networks division. Communications Regulatory Authority of the Republic of Lithuania (RRT)

Natalija Gelvanovska. Head of Access and Networks division. Communications Regulatory Authority of the Republic of Lithuania (RRT) Natalija Gelvanovska Head of Access and Networks division Communications Regulatory Authority of the Republic of Lithuania (RRT) Lithuanian broadband The developments view expressed in this presentation

More information

Broadband Access Technologies

Broadband Access Technologies Broadband Access Technologies Chris Wong Communications Engineering Sector Analysis & Reporting Branch International Training Program 23 October 2007 Presentation Outline What is broadband? What are the

More information

equitable, quality health care and resilient health systems. Manila: 2015.

equitable, quality health care and resilient health systems. Manila: 2015. Samoa Submarine Cable Project (RRP SAM 47320) SECTOR ASSESSMENT (SUMMARY): INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY Sector Road Map 1. Sector Performance, Problems, and Opportunities 1. Institutional arrangements.

More information

1.264 Lecture 21. Telecom network technology: Fiber, satellite, cellular telephony, cable modems, DSL

1.264 Lecture 21. Telecom network technology: Fiber, satellite, cellular telephony, cable modems, DSL 1.264 Lecture 21 Telecom network technology: Fiber, satellite, cellular telephony, cable modems, DSL Network technology We ve just covered the basic components of transmission, switching/ routing and physical

More information

2013 Best Saudi Telecom Operator (Business Services Provider)

2013 Best Saudi Telecom Operator (Business Services Provider) Finally technology that speaks your language Welcome to solutions that go beyond technology, powered by a dedicated team of specialists who believe that success depends on making your business their business.

More information

TURKISH CONTRACTING IN THE INTERNATIONAL MARKET

TURKISH CONTRACTING IN THE INTERNATIONAL MARKET Brief overview TURKISH CONTRACTING IN THE INTERNATIONAL MARKET Construction plays a crucial role in Turkey s economic development, accounting for 5.9% of GDP and employing some 1.8 million people. When

More information

Regulatory models for broadband in emerging markets

Regulatory models for broadband in emerging markets THINKING TELECOMS SERIES Sydney Auckland Singapore London May 2014 Regulatory models for broadband in emerging markets All governments want to promote broadband access. The key point here is that governments

More information

Economic Research & Analysis. CostQuest Associates (CQA) Bandwidth Assessment Tool Glossary of Terms: Words & Acronyms June 2014

Economic Research & Analysis. CostQuest Associates (CQA) Bandwidth Assessment Tool Glossary of Terms: Words & Acronyms June 2014 CostQuest Associates (CQA) Economic Research & Analysis Bandwidth Assessment Tool Glossary of Terms: Words & Acronyms June 2014 CostQuest Associates (CQA) Economic Research & Analysis For further information

More information

Broadband costing and pricing - Approaches and best practices

Broadband costing and pricing - Approaches and best practices Broadband costing and pricing - Approaches and best practices AGER, São Tomé 3 February 2015 Pedro Seixas, ITU Expert International Telecommunication Union Agenda Overview situation in Africa Cable landing

More information

Mobile Backhaul The Next Telecoms Revolution

Mobile Backhaul The Next Telecoms Revolution Mobile Backhaul The Next Telecoms Revolution Foreword Every once in a while the telecommunications industry experiences a technological and commercial revolution. One such revolution took place in the

More information

Appendix A: Country Case Study: Cambodia

Appendix A: Country Case Study: Cambodia Antelope Consulting FINAL, JULY 2001 DFID Internet Costs Study Appendix A: Country Case Study: Cambodia Executive Summary Cambodia is a very poor country, emerging from a civil war. The lack of fixed

More information

ASSESSING HIGH-SPEED INTERNET ACCESS IN THE STATE OF IOWA: SIXTH ASSESSMENT

ASSESSING HIGH-SPEED INTERNET ACCESS IN THE STATE OF IOWA: SIXTH ASSESSMENT ASSESSING HIGH-SPEED INTERNET ACCESS IN THE STATE OF IOWA: SIXTH ASSESSMENT A Report of the Iowa Utilities Board Utilities Board: John Norris (Chairman) Krista K. Tanner Darrell Hanson IUB Project Manager

More information

Introduction Page 2. Understanding Bandwidth Units Page 3. Internet Bandwidth V/s Download Speed Page 4. Optimum Utilization of Bandwidth Page 8

Introduction Page 2. Understanding Bandwidth Units Page 3. Internet Bandwidth V/s Download Speed Page 4. Optimum Utilization of Bandwidth Page 8 INDEX Introduction Page 2 Understanding Bandwidth Units Page 3 Internet Bandwidth V/s Download Speed Page 4 Factors Affecting Download Speed Page 5-7 Optimum Utilization of Bandwidth Page 8 Conclusion

More information

the amount of data will grow. It is projected by the industry that utilities will go from moving and managing 7 terabytes of data to 800 terabytes.

the amount of data will grow. It is projected by the industry that utilities will go from moving and managing 7 terabytes of data to 800 terabytes. Before the Department of Energy Washington, D.C. 20585 In the Matter of Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Studying the Communications Requirements of Electric Utilities To Inform Federal Smart

More information

Wireless DSL in Action The Advantage of WiMAX based wireless DSL for incumbent and competitive operators. White Paper

Wireless DSL in Action The Advantage of WiMAX based wireless DSL for incumbent and competitive operators. White Paper Wireless DSL in Action The Advantage of WiMAX based wireless DSL for incumbent and competitive operators White Paper The Need to go Wireless In remote areas where wired infrastructure is not available

More information

NEPAD ICT BROADBAND INFRASTRUCTURE PROGRAMME Part of the Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA)

NEPAD ICT BROADBAND INFRASTRUCTURE PROGRAMME Part of the Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA) NEPAD ICT BROADBAND INFRASTRUCTURE PROGRAMME Part of the Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA) Presentation to the Open Access Forum Tunis, November 12, 2010 Dr. Edmund Katiti Policy

More information

Treatment of National an International Voice Services Provided over Internet Protocol (VoIP)

Treatment of National an International Voice Services Provided over Internet Protocol (VoIP) Austria Belgium Czech Republic Denmark France The New Regulatory Framework (NRF) generally is based on technological neutrality, i.e. allowing providers to offer services based on IP technology without

More information

Broadband Networks Virgil Dobrota Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, Romania Virgil.Dobrota@com.utcluj.ro

Broadband Networks Virgil Dobrota Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, Romania Virgil.Dobrota@com.utcluj.ro Broadband Networks Virgil Dobrota Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, Romania Virgil.Dobrota@com.utcluj.ro Copyright Virgil Dobrota 2007-2008, All rights reserved 1 Course 12 - Outline 46. NGN Next Generation

More information