What s hot at the RIPE NCC

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1 What s hot at the RIPE NCC PLNOG6, March 2011 Sandra Brás Trainer, RIPE NCC

2 Hot topics - overview The registry system IPv4 depletion IPv6 policy update Independent resources 2

3 The five RIRs 3

4 The RIPE NCC Independent not-for-profit membership organisation Supports the operation and development of the Internet Europe, Middle East and Central Asia Distributes and registers Internet number resources 7,365 members called LIRs 4

5 IPv6 Address Distribution /3 IANA /12 RIR /32 LIR /48 /56 /48 End User Allocation PA Assignment PI Assignment

6 RIPE community 6

7 Policy development cycle Need Evaluate Propose Implement Discuss Consensus 7

8 RIPE community Develops policies Open to everyone Communicates on Working Groups mailing lists Meets twice a year at RIPE Meetings. RIPE Meetings in 2011: - RIPE 62 (Amsterdam, 2-6 May) - RIPE 63 (Vienna, 31 October - 4 November) All new LIRs get two free tickets to attend Remote participation provided 8

9 Participate! 9

10 IANA IPv4 pool 40% 30% 20% 10% 0%

11 IPv4 distribution IANA 3 February 2011 AfriNIC ARIN RIPE NCC APNIC LACNIC??? 7000 LIRs End Users 11

12 IPv4 exhaustion phases IPv4 still available. RIPE NCC continues distributing it RIPE NCC s allocation policy from last /8 applies RIPE NCC can only distribute IPv6? now time IANA pool exhausted Each of the 5 RIRs given a /8 RIPE NCC reaches final /8 RIPE NCC pool exhausted 12

13 Wait and See?

14 IPv4: still your Christmas wish? 14

15 What we are doing Reduced allocation/assignment periods Transfer of IPv4 address space Final /8 15

16 Run Out Fairly RIPE Policy Proposal , Run Out Fairly Gradually reduced allocation / assignment periods - 12 months (January 2010) - 9 months (July 2010) - 6 months (January 2011) - 3 months (July 2011) 50% has to be used up by half-period 16

17 Transfer of IPv4 allocations LIRs can transfer address blocks - To another LIR - Only when it s empty - Meets minimum allocation size (/21) Requests are evaluated by the NCC Registered in the RIPE database 17

18 The RIPE NCC s last /8 How will distribution of the last /8 differ? 18

19 The RIPE NCC s last /8 Each LIR can get one /22 allocation Only if LIR already has IPv6 You must meet the criteria for an (additional) allocation /16 reserved for unforeseen situations No PI assignments 19

20 IPv4: allocations versus advertised 256 RIR Allocations Data Advertised Today Projection

21 Unannounced early registration addresses Identify legacy space which is currently not announced on the internet Contact the holders about the possibility of returning those addresses 400 organisations contacted And some blocks returned 21

22 Future? IPv6! 22

23 IPv6? Yes please.

24 IPv6 Ripeness Rating system: - One star if the LIR has an IPv6 allocation - Additional stars if: - IPv6 Prefix is announced on router - A route6 object is in the RIPE Database - Reverse DNS is set up - A list of all 4 star LIRs: 24

25 IPv6 RIPEness in the RIPE NCC service region 1 star 2 stars 3 stars 4 stars No IPv6 4 stars 13% 3 stars 9% No IPv6 62% 2 stars 5% 1 star 12% 25

26 IPv6 Ripeness in Poland 1 star 2 stars 3 stars 4 stars No IPv6 4 stars 21% No IPv6 51% 3 stars 15% 2 stars 5% 1 star 9% 26

27 Ripeness per country, relative (Poland) 1 star 2 stars 3 stars 4 stars no IPv6 1, Germany Russia Ukraine Poland Czech Republic 27

28 Ripeness per country, relative (Poland) 1 star 2 stars 3 stars 4 stars no IPv6 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% Germany Russia Ukraine Poland Czech Republic All (7388) 28

29 IPv6 enabled networks 25% 20% _RIR_RIPE_NCC RU PL UA DE CZ 15% 10% 5% 0%

30 To get an IPv6 allocation You must: - Be an LIR - Have a plan for making assignments within two years Minimum allocation size /32 Allocation size is based on customer numbers and growth, not on transition technique! 30

31 Getting IPv6 PI address space Minimum assignment size /48 PI space can not be used for sub-assignments An organisation must: - Demonstrate it will multihome - LIRs must demonstrate special routing requirements - Meet contractual requirements 31 so the PI can NOT be used for End-User companies who have customers themselves (e.g. web hosting, broadband, (a)dsl...)

32 Assigning IPv6 to customers Give your customers enough addresses - Up to a /48 For more addresses, send in request form - Alternatively, make a sub-allocation Every assignment must now be registered in the RIPE database 32

33 Grouping assignments in the RIPE DB inet6num: 2001:db8:1000::/36 netname: Bluelight descr: We want more Bluelight B.V. descr: Colocation services country: NL admin-c: BN649-RIPE tech-c: BN649-RIPE status: AGGREGATED-BY-LIR assignment-size: 48 mnt-by: BLUELIGHT-MNT notify: changed: source: RIPE 33

34 Independent resources

35 Independent Resources What? - PI - ASN - IXP IPv6 - Anycast 35

36 How to request Independent Resources Sponsoring LIR requests for End User Direct Assignment User request for themselves End User can become LIR 36 3 ways

37 How to request Independent Resources (2) Create organisation and mntner objects Send us Assignment Request Form Send us contract and registration No sub-assigning allowed! inetnum: /23 status: ASSIGNED PI mnt-by: RIPE-NCC-END-MNT mnt-lower: RIPE-NCC-END-MNT mnt-by: LIR-MNT mnt-domains: End-User-MNT mnt-routes: ISP-MNT 37

38 Charging for Independent Resources 5 LIR categories: Extra Small to Extra Large Category determined by IPv4 and IPv6 allocations over time 50 Euro fee for every direct assignment 38

39 Questions?

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