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1 Internet Bodies

2 Agenda Names, Acronyms in the Internet IETF organisation IESG, IAB, ISOC ICANN & IANA Standardisation process Standardisation compliance Internet Registries Requesting Internet resources Bernard.Tuy ATHENS, Paris le 19/11/2004 2

3 Names, acronyms, Internet? with a «I» IETF Internet Engineering Task Force IESG Internet Engineering Steering Group IAB Internet Architecture Board ISOC Internet Society ICANN Internet Corporation for Assigned Names & Numbers IANA Internet Assigned Numbers Authority Bernard.Tuy ATHENS, Paris le 19/11/2004 3

4 Names, acronyms, /2 ID Internet Draft RFC Request For Comments PS, DS, Std Proposed standard, Draft standard, Standard Bernard.Tuy ATHENS, Paris le 19/11/2004 4

5 Names, acronyms /3 RIRs Regional Internet Registries LIRs Local Internet Registries NIRs National Internet Registries ISPs Internet Service Providers Bernard.Tuy ATHENS, Paris le 19/11/2004 5

6 Names, acronyms, /4 DNS Domain Name System Root NS Root Name Servers : 13 TLDs Top Level Domains :.net,.org,.eu,.edu, CC-TLDs :.fr,.nl,.uk G-TLDs :.com Bernard.Tuy ATHENS, Paris le 19/11/2004 6

7 IETF organisation Areas : 8 Applications, Routing, operations & management, Area directors Working groups : 50? (Internet Area) : IPv6-wg, DHC-wg, L{2,3}vpn-wg, WG charter WG mailing list Meetings : 3 per year Bernard.Tuy ATHENS, Paris le 19/11/2004 7

8 IESG Internet Engineering Steering Group Info: Set of ADs (area directors) Member of ISOC Responsible for technical management of IETF activities Bernard.Tuy ATHENS, Paris le 19/11/2004 8

9 IAB Internet Architecture Board Info : Responsible for defining the overall architecture of the Internet Advisory group for ISOC Bernard.Tuy ATHENS, Paris le 19/11/2004 9

10 ISOC Internet Society Info : «Internet experts that comments on policies and practices» Composed of one «ISOC Chapter» per country Bernard.Tuy ATHENS, Paris le 19/11/

11 ICANN & IANA Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers Info: Internationally organised, non-profit corporation Dedicated to preserving the operational stability of the Internet, Achieving broad represantation of global Internet communities Developing policies appropriate to its missions Responsible for IP address space allocation Protocol identifier assignment G-TLDs and CC-TLDs management Root Name servers management These services are contracted with and performed by IANA Bernard.Tuy ATHENS, Paris le 19/11/

12 RFCs and standardisation process ID : Internet Draft (lifetime = 6 months) Personnal proposal : ID RFC : BCP WG ID accepted WG last call IESG last call ID => RFC Informational Proposed Standard => Draft Standard => Standard Historic Best Current Practice Bernard.Tuy ATHENS, Paris le 19/11/

13 IPv6 standardisation 1995 : First RFCs 1999 : Core specifications ready 2001 : transition mechanisms list closed 2004 : still working on MIPv6, encapsulation techs, MIBs, Bernard.Tuy ATHENS, Paris le 19/11/

14 Standards compliance Be sure the protocol interoperates w/ different manufacturers equipements / implementations Take care of the standard compliance when purchasing a network equipment Not only looking at the function you wish to get / use Bernard.Tuy ATHENS, Paris le 19/11/

15 Internet Registries RIRs Regional Internet Registries RIPE : Europe+ + North Africa + Middle East APNIC : Asia Pacific rim ARIN : North America + South Africa LacNIC : Latin America and Carribeans AfriNIC : Africa NIRs : in Japan and Korea LIRs (members of a RIR) Local Internet Registries Bernard.Tuy ATHENS, Paris le 19/11/

16 Requesting Internet resources Final user (customer) Ask you favourite ISP (Academic or Commercial) ISP Ask a resource from your RIR Supposes you re a member RIR Ask IANA Resources? IP prefix (IPv4 or IPv6) : set of IP addresses ASN : Autonomous System Number Bernard.Tuy ATHENS, Paris le 19/11/

17 Requesting Internet Resources Requesting a domain name Ask your ISP, CC-TLD registry or G-TLD registry Bernard.Tuy ATHENS, Paris le 19/11/

18 ? ou Bernard.Tuy ATHENS, Paris le 19/11/

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