Liver Fluke. Acute Fluke - sheep. Chronic fluke. Costs of liver fluke in adult sheep. Fluke Risk throughout the year

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Liver Fluke. Acute Fluke - sheep. Chronic fluke. Costs of liver fluke in adult sheep. Fluke Risk throughout the year"

Transcription

1 What can farmers do to protect against liver fluke? Liver Fluke Over a wet summer... Numbers of snails Numbers of fluke within the snails Dr F. M. Lovatt BVScPhD DSHP DipECSRHM MRCVS leading to levels of disease in autumn & winter Acute Fluke - sheep Usually in autumn after a wet summer Chronic fluke Usually in the adult flock in late spring though increasingly seen out of season Huge numbers of immature fluke travel through the liver NB No fluke eggs in faeces as no adult fluke yet Acute liver damage Bleeding & anaemia Sudden death within 6 weeks of sheep eating fluke systs ADULT FLUKES in the bile duct suck blood NB Fluke eggs can be detected in the faeces Anaemia Dry open fleece Weight loss Ill-thrift Sub-mandibular oedema (bottle jaw or poke) Costs of liver fluke in adult sheep Poor body condition Poor fertility Poor milk supply Reduced scanning % Fewer lambs on the ground Increased ewe deaths Increased involuntary culling Increased lamb mortality Reduced lamb growth rates Fluke Risk throughout the year Risk of acute fluke in sheep Risk of chronic fluke in sheep & cattle ongoing until treatment Build up of snails & fluke numbers in environment over the summer 1

2 POST MORTEMS CHECK LIVERS OF ALL FALLEN STOCK TAKE APPROPRIATE SAMPLES USE YOUR VET YOUR FLUKE STATUS USE ABBATOIR RETURNS FLUKE TOP TIPS Abattoir Feedback NB confusion with Cysticercus tenuicollis Monitor fallen stock Suggested Timings of Fluke Diagnostics Serology on lambs to check timing of metacercarial challenge Biochemistry to check sheep liver enzymes & indicate acute disease Check ewe & cow faeces for fluke eggs (espat turn out to allow adulticidetreatment for pasture protection ) Throughout the year: Serology on lambs to check timing of metacercarial challenge Bulk milk serology Post mortems of all fallen stock Abattoir returns Check efficacy of flukicides with copro-antigen test USE YOUR VET CHECK LIVERS OF ALL FALLEN STOCK YOUR FLUKE STATUS TAKE APPROPRIATE SAMPLES USE ABBATOIR RETURNS FLUKE TOP TIPS DON T RELY ON DRUGS pastures stock WHAT ARE THE IMPORTANT PRINCIPLES OF FLUKE CONTROL? Life Pasture cycle protection Stock protection Pasture protection Stock protection Prevent sheep or cattle shedding fluke eggs on the pasture Keep stock away from snails at risk times Farm protection Quarantine protocols Photo: Moredun 2

3 Stock protection - Fencing off snail habitats Field A Silage Field No sheep this year Field B Ewes & lambs from May to August Bottom Photo James Crilly University of Edinburgh Field C Ewes February to April Ewes & single lambs May to July Water trough Field D Re-seed with drains repaired It is mid September All the sheep were fluke dosed last January The cows & calves will be housed in mid November Lambs should be fat within the next 6 weeks Summer rainfall was above average 1. Which fields have snails? It is mid September All the sheep were fluke dosed last January The cows & calves will be housed in mid November Lambs should be fat within the next 6 weeks Summer rainfall was above average WHERE DO I PUT? Fat lambs? 2. Which fields have most metacercaria? Cows & calves? 3. Which fields are high risk for fluke? Sheep bought in from wet area? 4. Which fields are low risk for fluke? Ewes? Idea by Heather Stevenson, SAC 1. What would reduce the risk on this farm? 2. What happens in a dry year? 3. What happens in a wet year? 4. How can we plan going forward? CHECK LIVERS OF ALL FALLEN STOCK TAKE APPROPRIATE SAMPLES USE YOUR VET YOUR FLUKE STATUS USE ABBATOIR RETURNS DON T RELY ON DRUGS FLUKE TOP TIPS HAVE A ROBUST QUARANTINE POLICY pastures WHICH DRUGS TO USE & WHEN stock Kill immatures in autumn & winter Kill adults in Spring 3

4 Fluke Risk throughout the year Risk of acute fluke in sheep Risk of chronic fluke in sheep & cattle ongoing until treatment Build up of snails & fluke numbers in environment over the summer What products to use? Trade names Tribex, Fasinex, Combinex, Triclacert, Triclafasor Triclamox Flukiver, Supaverm, Closiver, Closamectin or Mebadown Active ingredient Meat withdrawal Triclabendazole Closantel days days Trodax Nitroxynil 49 days Activity Kills all immature stages and adult fluke Killslate stage immature and adult fluke Albacert,Albenil, Albensure, Albex, Endospec, Ovispec, Tramazoleor Valbazen Albendazole 4-8 days Levafas Diamond Oxyclozanide 5 days Allverm or Rycoben Ricobendazole 3 days Kills adult fluke only Sheep treatment timings Treatment effective against immatures Further treatment if used closantel or nitroxynil or if high risk Treatment effective against immatures Further treatment if continued high risk Treatment with adulticide for pasture protection WHAT ARE THE IMPORTANT PRINCIPLES OF FLUKE CONTROL? Pasture protection Stock protection Prevent sheep or cattle shedding fluke eggs on the pasture Keep stock away from snails at risk times Farm protection Quarantine protocols Control of lameness in Sheep What are the costs? Dr Fiona Lovatt BVSc PhD DSHP DipECSRHM MRCVS 4

5 The Five Point Plan 1. Avoidspread of infection (in gateways, at gatherings) 2. Cullout persistent offenders 3. Quarantine bought-in sheep 4. Vaccinateto protect against footrot 5. Treatindividuals quickly and effectively Avoid Avoid spread (at handling & gathering) Bacteria spread in wet muddy soiled areas Improve drainage Think about gateways & troughs etc Separate (&treat) lame or lesioned sheep at, for example, Housing, Turnout, Weaning Footbath clean group - if good facilities Prevents spread of footrot, scald, CODD Footbath to manage scald epidemics Good facilities Clean feet before footbathing Stand on hard surface after footbathing Follow the instructions of the products used - 10% zinc sulphate for at least 2 minutes 3% (no stronger!) formalin as a walk-through Use -for lambs with scald or to control spread afterhandling NB foot-bathing is NOT EFFECTIVE to treat footrot CODD Erythromycin, Lincocinor TylanSoluble at 1g/litre Comparison of Footbaths Cull Lame ewes spread infection to the rest of the flock Keep a record of lame sheep ear tag, spray mark Cull Sheep treated for footrot more than once Sheep with badly misshapen feet, including replacement lambs Do not breed from Lambs from ewes / rams repeatedly lame with footrot BE TOUGH 3 strikes and she is out. Quarantine Necessary to avoid CODD &virulent foot rot Buy in from known source (ideally visit farm!) Reject lame sheep Enquire about vendors vaccination status & lameness policy Quarantine returning / new sheep for > 21days Inspect all feet and footbath / treat on arrival During quarantine treat promptly if become lame Discuss vaccination with vet Only add to flock once sure healthy 5

6 Treat quickly Catch lame animals asap even mild cases Focus on a minimum of 1/3 flock each day Catch, Inspect, Diagnose Treat appropriately Mark and record Topical antibiotic Spray, allow to dry & respray Don t turn onto wet grass directly or footbath post treatment Injectable antibiotic Essential for footrot& CODD Check withdrawal times especially in lambs Vaccination against Footrot Multivalent vaccine containing all UK strains of Foot rot. Discuss strategic use and timings with vet Very useful as part of a package. Two doses (4 wksto 6 months apart OK) and then a single dose each year just before the risk period for that farm. NB 1. Can cause swelling & colouring of wool at injection site care with show sheep! 2. Due to the same carrier system Cydectin 1% should not be given to sheep previously vaccinated with Footvax If there was no lameness treatment or control undertaken (!) Total cost per ewe in flock (Assumptions: cull ewe= 60; fat lamb= 70; store lamb= 40; collection of fallen sheep= 12) 0 If the farmer foot-baths in formalin once a fortnight: Total cost per ewe in flock Formalin costs 1 per litreand it takes 1hours to footbath a flock of 100 sheep) If the farmer vaccinates against foot-rot twice a year: Total cost per ewe in flock 8.70 Vaccine costs= 0.80 per dose; it takes 4 hours to vaccinate 100 ewes) If the farmer promptly catches & treats lame ewes with antibiotic & vaccinates twice a year: Total cost per ewe in flock 5.30 Vaccine costs= 0.80 per dose; Antibiotic costs= 1.30 per ewe; it takes half an hour to catch a lame ewe) 6

7 What does 3% lameness with foot-rot If the farmer promptly catches & treats lame ewes with antibiotic & vaccinates twice a year: Total cost per ewe in flock 3.60 Vaccine costs= 0.80 per dose; Antibiotic costs= 1.30 per ewe; it takes half an hour to catch a lame ewe) Thank you All slides Fiona Lovatt 7

Footvax. First for footrot. The Sheep Farmer s Guide to: FOOTROT. and its control

Footvax. First for footrot. The Sheep Farmer s Guide to: FOOTROT. and its control The Sheep Farmer s Guide to: FOOTROT and its control Footvax First for footrot Contents Correct diagnosis of lameness... 4 Key facts about footrot... 5 What are the consequences of footrot?... 6 Why vaccinate

More information

Quiz: Lesion Identification. Prof. Laura Green, University of Warwick April 2014

Quiz: Lesion Identification. Prof. Laura Green, University of Warwick April 2014 Quiz: Lesion Identification Prof. Laura Green, University of Warwick April 2014 What to do. Pictures of the feet of lame sheep Identify and mark any lesions present (may be more than one) May include more

More information

Leaving Certificate Higher Level Sheep Production Questions

Leaving Certificate Higher Level Sheep Production Questions Leaving Certificate Higher Level Sheep Production Questions 2010 5. (a) Discuss the role of the following in sheep production: (i) a raddling harness (ii) footrot 8. (a) In the context of fat lamb production,

More information

NADIS Health Bulletin for Gemsite

NADIS Health Bulletin for Gemsite NADIS Health Bulletin for Gemsite Foot rot Causes Foot rot is caused by the bacterium Dichelobacter nodosus. Economic impact The prevalence (percentage of affected sheep on any day) is estimated to be

More information

Replacement Policy and Management Michael McHugh Chief Sheep Specialist, Teagasc, Ballyhaise, Co. Cavan

Replacement Policy and Management Michael McHugh Chief Sheep Specialist, Teagasc, Ballyhaise, Co. Cavan Replacement Policy and Management Michael McHugh Chief Sheep Specialist, Teagasc, Ballyhaise, Co. Cavan On average 20% of the ewe flock is replaced annually.replacement cost is a substantial cost in sheep

More information

Animal Sciences. Footrot in Sheep and Goats

Animal Sciences. Footrot in Sheep and Goats Purdue Extension Animal Sciences AS-596-W Footrot in Sheep and Goats Lynn Pezzanite, Animal Sciences Student Dr. Mike Neary, Small Ruminant Extension Specialist, Purdue University Terry Hutchens, Extension

More information

Science of Life Explorations

Science of Life Explorations Science of Life Explorations Celebrate the Growing Year: The Farmer s Year A Farmer s Year While you are in school or on a vacation, farmers are working hard to provide us with the foods we eat and the

More information

Lameness. Dee Griffin, Beef Cattle Production Management Veterinarian

Lameness. Dee Griffin, Beef Cattle Production Management Veterinarian Lameness Dee Griffin, Beef Cattle Production Management Veterinarian Introduction Lameness in cattle is a serious economic problem. There are many causes for lameness. It is important that the problem

More information

The Moredun Foundation. News Sheet Vol. 4, No.10. Toxoplasmosis in Sheep

The Moredun Foundation. News Sheet Vol. 4, No.10. Toxoplasmosis in Sheep The Moredun Foundation News Sheet Vol. 4, No.10 Toxoplasmosis in Sheep (Published February 2006) Susan Rodger BVMS (Hons), PhD, MRCVS David Buxton BVMS, PhD, FRCPath, FRCVS Moredun Research Institute Pentlands

More information

AA International Sheep - Annual Recording Sheet

AA International Sheep - Annual Recording Sheet Sheep - Livestock - Feed and water Inputs Annual Recording CONCENTRATES Breeding Ewes Rams (breeding) Ewe replacements Lambs (Fat & Store) Total for 0 1 2 of kgs (A=total number for ) cost for ) used kgs

More information

Animal Health Management on Organic Farms

Animal Health Management on Organic Farms Animal Health Management on Organic Farms September 2011 Pat Barry Teagasc Organic Specialist Advisor Moorepark Advisory Office Fermoy Co Cork. patrick.barry@teagasc.ie Animal Health Management on Organic

More information

Liver fluke disease in sheep and cattle

Liver fluke disease in sheep and cattle MARCH 2007 PRIMEFACT 446 (REPLACES AGFACT A0.9.57) Liver fluke disease in sheep and cattle Dr Joseph C. Boray Former Principal Research Scientist (Parasitology) Revised by Dr GW Hutchinson and Stephen

More information

FACT SHEET August Lameness in Sheep

FACT SHEET August Lameness in Sheep FACT SHEET August 213 Lameness in Sheep Why is lameness in sheep so important? Lameness in sheep can be a very painful condition and presents a poor image for the industry. Lame sheep are less competitive

More information

Livestock Budget Estimates for Kentucky - 2000

Livestock Budget Estimates for Kentucky - 2000 Livestock Budget Estimates for Kentucky - 2000 Agricultural Economics Extension No. 2000-17 October 2000 By: RICHARD L. TRIMBLE, STEVE ISAACS, LAURA POWERS, AND A. LEE MEYER University of Kentucky Department

More information

Diagnosis & treatment of lameness in sheep

Diagnosis & treatment of lameness in sheep Diagnosis & treatment of lameness in sheep Disclaimer: QMS shall not in any event be liable for loss, damage or injury suffered directly or indirectly in relation to this guide or the research on which

More information

Internal Parasites of Lambs Technical Note

Internal Parasites of Lambs Technical Note Internal Parasites of Lambs Technical Note Frank Hynes & Michael Gottstein In spring and early summer, the main internal parasites of concern are nematodes (roundworms) and coccidia. The information presented

More information

Can You Make Money With Sheep? David L. Thomas Department of Animal Sciences University of Wisconsin-Madison dlthomas@wisc.edu

Can You Make Money With Sheep? David L. Thomas Department of Animal Sciences University of Wisconsin-Madison dlthomas@wisc.edu Can You Make Money With Sheep? David L. Thomas Department of Animal Sciences University of Wisconsin-Madison dlthomas@wisc.edu Before entering into sheep production, you should be aware of the capital

More information

Factsheet. Faecal Egg Counts WHAT IS A FAECAL EGG COUNT? WHAT IS INVOLVED?

Factsheet. Faecal Egg Counts WHAT IS A FAECAL EGG COUNT? WHAT IS INVOLVED? Faecal Egg Counts WHAT IS A FAECAL EGG COUNT? A Faecal Egg Count (FEC) is a method of determining how many internal parasite eggs are present in a particular dung sample. It may also be possible to determine

More information

Limited Versus Intensive Management of Sheep & Goats. Jodie Pennington and Helen Swartz Lincoln University, Neosho and Jefferson City, MO

Limited Versus Intensive Management of Sheep & Goats. Jodie Pennington and Helen Swartz Lincoln University, Neosho and Jefferson City, MO Limited Versus Intensive Management of Sheep & Goats Jodie Pennington and Helen Swartz Lincoln University, Neosho and Jefferson City, MO Husbandry defined--- varies with management level The cultivation

More information

BOP Focus Farm Richard & Creina James Farm Walk Notes

BOP Focus Farm Richard & Creina James Farm Walk Notes BOP Focus Farm Richard & Creina James Farm Walk Notes Monday 19th May 2014 Key Farm Management Notes Next Monday numbers to go to winter grazing will be confirmed. Re daft cows into 3 herds - heifers,

More information

The economic and social impact of the Institute for Animal Health s work on Bluetongue disease (BTV-8)

The economic and social impact of the Institute for Animal Health s work on Bluetongue disease (BTV-8) The economic and social impact of the Institute for Animal Health s work on Bluetongue disease (BTV-8) Donald Webb DTZ One Edinburgh Quay 133 Fountainbridge Edinburgh EH3 9QG Tel: 0131 222 4500 March 2008

More information

Brucellosis and tuberculosis. A.J. Olivier

Brucellosis and tuberculosis. A.J. Olivier Brucellosis and tuberculosis A.J. Olivier 2013 Third print 2004 Second print 2002 First print Compiled by Directorate Communication Services in cooperation with ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute Printed

More information

Level II Agricultural Business Operations - Assessment Booklet

Level II Agricultural Business Operations - Assessment Booklet Level II Agricultural Business Operations - Assessment Booklet Sector Unit Level 2 Unit No Credit Value 5 Sheep Livestock Production Name: Student No Tutor: Centre I certify that all the work in this booklet

More information

Animal health: Discover potential health benefits of using homeopathy

Animal health: Discover potential health benefits of using homeopathy Animal health: Discover potential health benefits of using homeopathy 21 October 2014 By Wendy Short! The homeopathic treatment of livestock diseases is relatively uncommon, but the practice has been around

More information

NEWS LIVESTOCK PARAGON VETERINARY GROUP PARAGON VETERINARY GROUP ACHIEVING EXCELLENCE IN HEALTH AND PRODUCTVITY ISSUE 53 JULY 2015

NEWS LIVESTOCK PARAGON VETERINARY GROUP PARAGON VETERINARY GROUP ACHIEVING EXCELLENCE IN HEALTH AND PRODUCTVITY ISSUE 53 JULY 2015 PARAGON VETERINARY GROUP ACHIEVING EXCELLENCE IN HEALTH AND PRODUCTVITY ISSUE 53 LIVESTOCK NEWS JULY 2015 Staff News Mobility scoring Sheep lameness & abortion Fly control Phenylbutazone PARAGON VETERINARY

More information

Faculteit Diergeneeskunde. Prof. dr. G. Opsomer Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Ghent University.

Faculteit Diergeneeskunde. Prof. dr. G. Opsomer Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Ghent University. Faculteit Diergeneeskunde Integrated veterinary herd health management as the basis for sustainable animal production (dairy herd health as an example) Prof. dr. G. Opsomer Faculty of Veterinary Medicine

More information

SKIN CONDITIONS IN PIGS

SKIN CONDITIONS IN PIGS DEPARTMENT: AGRICULTURE SKIN CONDITIONS IN PIGS Jenny Turton 2001 Compiled by Directorate Communication, Department of Agriculture in cooperation with the ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute Printed

More information

NATIONAL SHEEP AND BEEF

NATIONAL SHEEP AND BEEF FARM MONITORING 2012 NATIONAL SHEEP AND BEEF Key results from the Ministry for Primary Industries 2012 sheep and beef monitoring programme KEY POINTS Improved prices for sheep meat, beef and wool combined

More information

EBLEX SHEEP BRP MANUAL 5. Growing and finishing lambs for Better Returns

EBLEX SHEEP BRP MANUAL 5. Growing and finishing lambs for Better Returns EBLEX SHEEP BRP MANUAL 5 Growing and finishing lambs for Better Returns The information in this booklet was compiled by Dylan Laws and Dr Liz Genever, EBLEX. Additional photographs supplied by: North of

More information

Focus on Preventing Disease. keeping an eye on a healthy bottom line. Cattle Industry

Focus on Preventing Disease. keeping an eye on a healthy bottom line. Cattle Industry Focus on Preventing Disease keeping an eye on a healthy bottom line Cattle Industry Multimin + VACCINES : University OF FLORIDA study data Study 1 Effect of injectable trace minerals on the humoral immune

More information

DRYSTOCK BIOSECURITY GUIDELINES SEVEN INTERVENTION POINTS FOR ON-FARM BIOSECURITY

DRYSTOCK BIOSECURITY GUIDELINES SEVEN INTERVENTION POINTS FOR ON-FARM BIOSECURITY JUNE 2013 DRYSTOCK BIOSECURITY GUIDELINES SEVEN INTERVENTION POINTS FOR ON-FARM BIOSECURITY PREPARED BY BEEF + LAMB NEW ZEALAND AND DEER INDUSTRY NEW ZEALAND DRYSTOCK BIOSECURITY GUIDELINES SEVEN INTERVENTION

More information

Controlling Parasites in Cattle New Guidelines

Controlling Parasites in Cattle New Guidelines Controlling Parasites in Cattle New Guidelines www.hccmpw.org.uk Hybu Cig Cymru - Meat Promotion Wales PO Box 176, Aberystwyth, Ceredigion SY23 2YA Tel: 01970 625050 Fax: 01970 615148 Email: info@hccmpw.org.uk

More information

MOT your sheep or beef enterprise and discover the route to better returns

MOT your sheep or beef enterprise and discover the route to better returns MOT your sheep or beef enterprise and discover the route to better returns Make 2010 the year you sit down and take time to really understand the physical and fi nancial dynamics of your sheep or beef

More information

Business Planning and Economics of Sheep Farm Establishment and Cost of Production in Nova Scotia

Business Planning and Economics of Sheep Farm Establishment and Cost of Production in Nova Scotia Business Planning and Economics of Sheep Farm Establishment and Cost of Production in Nova Scotia Prepared by: Christina Jones, Economist, Nova Scotia Department of Agriculture Although care has been taken

More information

A Diary Guide to the Shepherd's Year

A Diary Guide to the Shepherd's Year Introduction A Diary Guide to the Shepherd's Year This document is designed as a guide to sheep management procedures throughout the year and should be used in conjunction with appropriate reference books,

More information

... Guidelines for Estimating Lamb Production Costs Based on a 500-Ewe Flock

... Guidelines for Estimating Lamb Production Costs Based on a 500-Ewe Flock ................................................. Guidelines for Estimating Lamb Production Costs Based on a 500-Ewe Flock December, 2013 This guide is designed to provide you with planning information

More information

Foot Problems in Dairy Cows Literature review and preliminary trials with drystart footbath

Foot Problems in Dairy Cows Literature review and preliminary trials with drystart footbath Foot Problems in Dairy Cows Literature review and preliminary trials with drystart footbath Pedro Nogueira, MSc, Ruminant Nutritionist & Luci Rosca, Livestock Specialist, Kenpal Farm Products Inc. Introduction:

More information

WormTest for livestock and guide to egg counts

WormTest for livestock and guide to egg counts FEBRUARY 2007 PRIMEFACT 480 (REPLACES AGNOTE DAI-308) WormTest for livestock and guide to egg counts Stephen Love State Worm Control Coordinator, Extensive Industries Development, Armidale Dr Gareth Hutchinson

More information

The Flockmaster s Guide to Abortion & Vaccination

The Flockmaster s Guide to Abortion & Vaccination The Flockmaster s Guide to Abortion & Vaccination A practical guide to improved productivity through the control of infectious abortion in your flock Contents Introduction 3 To increase your income, increase

More information

Lameness in Cattle: Rules of Thumb David C. Van Metre, DVM, DACVIM College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences Colorado State University

Lameness in Cattle: Rules of Thumb David C. Van Metre, DVM, DACVIM College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences Colorado State University Lameness in Cattle: Rules of Thumb David C. Van Metre, DVM, DACVIM College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences Colorado State University Introduction Lameness remains a major cause of disease

More information

Diagnostic Testing and Strategies for BVDV

Diagnostic Testing and Strategies for BVDV Diagnostic Testing and Strategies for BVDV Dan Grooms Dept. of Large Animal Clinical Sciences College of Veterinary Medicine Introduction Clinical diseases in cattle resulting from infection with bovine

More information

FARM SYSTEM RISK ANALYSIS, BUILDING A FARM RISK PROFILE TO IMPROVE FARM ECONOMIC OUTCOMES

FARM SYSTEM RISK ANALYSIS, BUILDING A FARM RISK PROFILE TO IMPROVE FARM ECONOMIC OUTCOMES FARM SYSTEM RISK ANALYSIS, BUILDING A FARM RISK PROFILE TO IMPROVE FARM ECONOMIC OUTCOMES Grafton M.C.E. and Yule I.J. New Zealand Centre for Precision Agriculture, Institute of Agriculture and the Environment,

More information

Keywords Mulesing, cost-benefit. Introduction. Materials and methods

Keywords Mulesing, cost-benefit. Introduction. Materials and methods A benefit-cost analysis of the mules operation to the Australian sheep flock D. Counsell The Mackinnon Project, University of Melbourne Veterinary School, 250 Princess Highway, Werribee, VIC, 3030. Summary

More information

FARMERS INFORMATION SERIES DAIRY BEEF. Scheme. blade-farming.com

FARMERS INFORMATION SERIES DAIRY BEEF. Scheme. blade-farming.com FARMERS INFORMATION SERIES DAIRY BEEF Scheme blade-farming.com INTRODUCTION to Blade Farming The Blade Farming business was established in 2001 as an integrated supply chain which is dedicated to supplying

More information

Sheep Farming. 1. Introduction. 2. Scope for Sheep Farming and its National Importance

Sheep Farming. 1. Introduction. 2. Scope for Sheep Farming and its National Importance Sheep Farming 1. Introduction Sheep with its multi-facet utility for wool, meat, milk, skins and manure, form an important component of rural economy particularly in the arid, semi-arid and mountainous

More information

Ewe efficiency the driver of profitable sheep systems. Dr. John Vipond 5th Nov 2011 Sheep Breeders Round Table

Ewe efficiency the driver of profitable sheep systems. Dr. John Vipond 5th Nov 2011 Sheep Breeders Round Table Ewe efficiency the driver of profitable sheep systems Dr. John Vipond 5th Nov 2011 Sheep Breeders Round Table 11 Efficient sheep Efficient sheep are the starting point for an efficient and profitable farm

More information

A Guide to Parasite Control at Turn-out For Irish Farmers and their Vets

A Guide to Parasite Control at Turn-out For Irish Farmers and their Vets STAKEHOLDERS GOVERNMENT Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food PROCESSING AND MARKETING AIBP Bord Bia Arrabawn Carbery Group Connacht Gold Dairygold Dawn Meats Glanbia Kepak Kerry Group Lakeland

More information

Note: a separate sheep supplement is available. If the plan is used for Dairy, beef and sheep, the plans below must cover beef and sheep cattle.

Note: a separate sheep supplement is available. If the plan is used for Dairy, beef and sheep, the plans below must cover beef and sheep cattle. FARM NAME: Farm Name Veterinary Practice Details Type and number of Livestock covered by the plan Names of persons who administer medicines Cows Heifers Youngstock/ calves Stock bulls Store cattle Finished

More information

Livestock Health Series Internal Parasites in Beef and Dairy Cattle

Livestock Health Series Internal Parasites in Beef and Dairy Cattle DIVISION OF AGRICULTURE R E S E A R C H & E X T E N S I O N University of Arkansas System Agriculture and Natural Resources FSA345 Livestock Health Series Internal Parasites in Beef and Dairy Cattle Shane

More information

Business Planning for the Allocation of Milk Quota to New Entrants

Business Planning for the Allocation of Milk Quota to New Entrants Business Planning for the Allocation of Milk Quota to New Entrants The business plan should start with a comment on where the farm is currently, what is planned over the next number of years and how it

More information

Sheep on the fells. Rough Fell sheep flourish in the hard Cumbrian winter, tended by shepherd Alison O Neill

Sheep on the fells. Rough Fell sheep flourish in the hard Cumbrian winter, tended by shepherd Alison O Neill 86 Sheep on the fells Rough Fell sheep flourish in the hard Cumbrian winter, tended by shepherd Alison O Neill 87 In the first minutes after daybreak, on a bitingly cold December morning, a flock of 200

More information

AQUATIC ANIMAL MEDICINE RECORD BOOK

AQUATIC ANIMAL MEDICINE RECORD BOOK AQUATIC ANIMAL MEDICINE RECORD BOOK FISH HEALTH INSPECTORATE www.efishbusiness.co.uk It is a legal requirement for you to retain these records for at least five years following the administration or other

More information

Farm Tax Record Book SAMPLE

Farm Tax Record Book SAMPLE Farm Tax Record Book TABLE OF CONTENTS Farm Receipts... Milk Sales and Deductions Worksheet... Government Payments Worksheet... Commodity Certificates... Sale of Livestock Worksheet... Farm Expenses...0

More information

ABERDEEN ANGUS. Management Guide. blade-farming.com

ABERDEEN ANGUS. Management Guide. blade-farming.com FARM E RMA RS T INFO SERIEION S blade-farming.com INTRODUCTION to Blade Farming The Blade Farming business was established in 2001 as an integrated supply chain which is dedicated to supplying consistently

More information

Selwyn Te Waihora Nutrient Performance and Financial Analysis Prepared for: Irrigation NZ and ECan Prepared by: The AgriBusiness Group December 2012

Selwyn Te Waihora Nutrient Performance and Financial Analysis Prepared for: Irrigation NZ and ECan Prepared by: The AgriBusiness Group December 2012 Selwyn Te Waihora Nutrient Performance and Financial Analysis Prepared for: Irrigation NZ and ECan Prepared by: The AgriBusiness Group December 2012 Contents Selwyn Te Waihora Nutrient Benchmarking EXECUTIVE

More information

Economic and environmental analysis of the introduction of legumes in livestock farming systems

Economic and environmental analysis of the introduction of legumes in livestock farming systems Aspects of Applied Biology 79, 2006 What will organic farming deliver? COR 2006 Economic and environmental analysis of the introduction of legumes in livestock farming systems By C REVEREDO GIHA, C F E

More information

The Costs of Raising Replacement Heifers and the Value of a Purchased Versus Raised Replacement

The Costs of Raising Replacement Heifers and the Value of a Purchased Versus Raised Replacement Managing for Today s Cattle Market and Beyond March 2002 The Costs of Raising Replacement Heifers and the Value of a Purchased Versus Raised Replacement By Dillon M. Feuz, University of Nebraska Numerous

More information

Vaccination Programs for the Cow/Calf Operation

Vaccination Programs for the Cow/Calf Operation Vaccination Programs for the Cow/Calf Operation Disease prevention is of utmost importance in a cow-calf operation because it is a low profit margin enterprise. Adequate nutrition, strategic deworming,

More information

Animal Life Cycles. Background. Procedure

Animal Life Cycles. Background. Procedure Purpose: This lesson introduces students to the six major livestock species raised in Minnesota. Students will learn terms for mothers, fathers, and young and explore the life cycle of a typical farm animal.

More information

6. JOINING MANAGEMENT

6. JOINING MANAGEMENT 6. JOINING MANAGEMENT It is widely accepted that a more fertile Merino flock is a more profitable one. While it is true that, if the increase is not costly, additional surplus sheep sales would make the

More information

Feedlot Cost Management Assessment Worksheet Name: Address: Telephone: Email:

Feedlot Cost Management Assessment Worksheet Name: Address: Telephone: Email: Feedlot Cost Management Assessment Worksheet Name: Address: Telephone: Email: Nutrition and Rations Rations developed to optimize performance Utilize general recommendations Rations developed for the operation

More information

Lesson Title: Beef Cattle-Animal Care is Everywhere Grade Level: K-4 Time: 1 hour Content Area: Science, Language Arts Objectives:

Lesson Title: Beef Cattle-Animal Care is Everywhere Grade Level: K-4 Time: 1 hour Content Area: Science, Language Arts Objectives: Lesson Title: Beef Cattle-Animal Care is Everywhere Grade Level: K-4 Time: 1 hour Content Area: Science, Language Arts Objectives: Identify the needs of beef animals Compare the needs of beef animals to

More information

The true cost of lameness

The true cost of lameness 3. The government should work with the industry to develop a national strategy to reduce lameness in sheep. With welfare becoming more visible on government agendas, it is important that the sheep farmer

More information

FACT SHEET FEBRUARY 2007

FACT SHEET FEBRUARY 2007 FARM FACT SHEET FEBRUARY 2007 ABORTION IN EWES Abortions in ewes are the result of many factors that stress the pregnant animal. Intrauterine infections are the most common cause. The commonly reported

More information

HERD HEALTH MANAGEMENT AND RECORD KEEPING FOR DAIRY SHEEP. Josef G. Regli, DVM Canreg Farm Finch, Ontario, Canada

HERD HEALTH MANAGEMENT AND RECORD KEEPING FOR DAIRY SHEEP. Josef G. Regli, DVM Canreg Farm Finch, Ontario, Canada HERD HEALTH MANAGEMENT AND RECORD KEEPING FOR DAIRY SHEEP Introduction Josef G. Regli, DVM Canreg Farm Finch, Ontario, Canada The sheep industry, especially larger commercial flocks, have been looking

More information

Hydatid Disease (Echinococcosis) Questions and Answers

Hydatid Disease (Echinococcosis) Questions and Answers Hydatid Disease (Echinococcosis) Questions and Answers 1. What is hydatid disease? Hydatid disease is infection with immature tapeworms of the genus Echinococcus in the intermediate host (sheep or human).

More information

Sheep and Goat Herd Health Management

Sheep and Goat Herd Health Management Sheep and Goat Herd Health Management Dr.Theera Rukkwamsuk Department of Large Animal and Wildlife Clinical Science Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Kasetsart University, Kampangsaen, Nakhon-Pathom 73140

More information

Kirkton & Auchtertyre Farms Going Forward

Kirkton & Auchtertyre Farms Going Forward Rainfall (mm) Kirkton & Auchtertyre Farms I think we can all agree that the summer weather this year hasn t been entirely favourable, with both June and July having above average rainfall, with July being

More information

Agricultural Production and Research in Heilongjiang Province, China. Jiang Enchen. Professor, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Northeast

Agricultural Production and Research in Heilongjiang Province, China. Jiang Enchen. Professor, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Northeast 1 Agricultural Production and Research in Heilongjiang Province, China Jiang Enchen Professor, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, China. Post code: 150030

More information

Management of goats at pasture. Barry W Norton School of Land and Food, University of Queensland, Australia

Management of goats at pasture. Barry W Norton School of Land and Food, University of Queensland, Australia Management of goats at pasture Barry W Norton School of Land and Food, University of Queensland, Australia Introduction In Australian and most Asian production systems, goats are held continuously at pasture

More information

Cattle. MRDP and Heifer

Cattle. MRDP and Heifer Cattle MRDP and Heifer 1. Redwater 2. Blackquarter 3. Lumpy skin 4. Heartwater 5. Gallsickness and Sweating sickness 6. Warts 7. Snotsiekte and Sleeping Sickness 8. Worms and Fluke 9. External parasites

More information

Long-acting Foot Bath

Long-acting Foot Bath Long-acting Foot Bath Digital Dermatitis Causes 53.9% of lameness in cows 61.8% in bred heifers USDA survey of 85% of US Dairy Farms, 2003 Is also known as hairy-heel warts infectious lameness APHIS Info

More information

GROSS MARGINS : HILL SHEEP 2004/2005

GROSS MARGINS : HILL SHEEP 2004/2005 GROSS MARGINS GROSS MARGINS : HILL SHEEP 2004/2005 All flocks Top third Number of flocks in sample 242 81 Average size of flock (ewes and ewe lambs) 849 684 Lambs reared per ewe 1.10 1.25 ENTERPRISE OUTPUT

More information

Pseudomonas Mastitis. in Dairy Cows

Pseudomonas Mastitis. in Dairy Cows 1 Mastitis Control Program for Pseudomonas Mastitis in Dairy Cows by John Kirk Veterinary Medicine Extension, School of Veterinary Medicine University of California Davis and Roger Mellenberger Department

More information

BE SURE. BE SAFE. VACCINATE.

BE SURE. BE SAFE. VACCINATE. DON T GET OR GIVE THE FLU THIS YEAR THANK YOU Vaccination is the only protection. www.immunisation.ie BE SURE. BE SAFE. VACCINATE. FLU VACCINE 2013-2014 Healthcare workers prevent the spread of flu and

More information

General Practice Service Willows Information Sheets. Ectoparasites (fleas and other skin parasites) in dogs

General Practice Service Willows Information Sheets. Ectoparasites (fleas and other skin parasites) in dogs General Practice Service Willows Information Sheets Ectoparasites (fleas and other skin parasites) in dogs Flea Tick Mite Louse Ectoparasites (fleas and other skin parasites) in dogs What types of skin

More information

Figure 1: Use a stethoscope to check heart, lungs and rumen for abnormalities.

Figure 1: Use a stethoscope to check heart, lungs and rumen for abnormalities. The Basic Clinical Exam: Key to Early Identification of Sick Animals Ralph Bruno, DVM, MS; Ellen Jordan, PhD; Juan Hernandez-Rivera, PhD; and Kevin Lager, MS Texas AgriLife Extension Service Finding and

More information

Keeping Show Pigs Healthy

Keeping Show Pigs Healthy L-5392 10-02 Keeping Show Pigs Healthy Bruce Lawhorn Associate Professor and Extension Swine Veterinarian The Texas A&M University System Show pigs can bring many disease organisms into a farm and spread

More information

ADVICE FOR OWNERS OF PET PIGS AND MICRO PIGS

ADVICE FOR OWNERS OF PET PIGS AND MICRO PIGS ADVICE FOR OWNERS OF PET PIGS AND MICRO PIGS General guidance for keeping your pig ADVICE AND GUIDANCE Keeping pigs or micro pigs animals specially bred to be smaller in adulthood than most other pig species

More information

Electronic identification (EID) in sheep Your technical guide

Electronic identification (EID) in sheep Your technical guide Electronic identification (EID) in sheep Your technical guide Who this leaflet is for and what it tells you This leaflet has been produced for sheep farmers in England to explain why some sheep need to

More information

BVD Control in Beef Cattle. Working to free New Zealand cattle farms from BVD

BVD Control in Beef Cattle. Working to free New Zealand cattle farms from BVD BVD Control in Beef Cattle Working to free New Zealand cattle farms from BVD 1 Introduction from the BVD Steering Committee BVD is one of the most important viral diseases of cattle in New Zealand. Recent

More information

My Farm, My Plan - Planning for my Future

My Farm, My Plan - Planning for my Future Think Plan Do My Farm, My Plan - Planning for my Future My Farm, My Plan - Planning for my Future Name: Address: Contents Benefits of completing a plan for my farm 1 The Farm Plan 3 Stage 1: Thinking about

More information

Medicine Record Book

Medicine Record Book Medicine Record Book Medicine Administration and Purchase Record Book (and Beef/Lamb Stock Health Plan) Name:.. Address:........ Assurance Number:. CONTENTS Foreword Animal Health Plan (Beef& Lamb only)

More information

Artificial Insemination (AI) in Cattle

Artificial Insemination (AI) in Cattle Artificial Insemination (AI) in Cattle Most dairy cows are bred by AI Less common in beef cattle Commonly, bulls are used for all breeding under pasture conditions Less commonly, bulls are used as clean-up

More information

The Danish veterinary preparedness for avian influenza and Newcastle disease

The Danish veterinary preparedness for avian influenza and Newcastle disease The Danish veterinary preparedness for avian influenza and Newcastle disease Sten Mortensen, Veterinary R&D manager, Animal Health Division, Deputy head 19-04-2016 Livestock statistics, Denmark 2015 Species

More information

Eastern Kentucky Meat Goat Budget Analysis

Eastern Kentucky Meat Goat Budget Analysis Eastern Kentucky Meat Goat Budget Analysis Agricultural Economics Extension No. 2000-11 May 2000 By: ALIOUNE DIAW AND A. LEE MEYER University of Kentucky Department of Agricultural Economics 400 Charles

More information

Investing in genetic technologies to meet future market requirements and assist in delivering profitable sheep and cattle farming

Investing in genetic technologies to meet future market requirements and assist in delivering profitable sheep and cattle farming Investing in genetic technologies to meet future market requirements and assist in delivering profitable sheep and cattle farming B+LNZ GENETICS The Government through its Ministry of Business, Innovation

More information

Venereal Diseases in the Bull

Venereal Diseases in the Bull Venereal Diseases in the Bull Thomas D. Overbay, DVM Director, Field Veterinary Services Fort Dodge Animal Health 43 Green Tree Circle Bristol, VA 24201 The most significant factor influencing the profitability

More information

MEAT INDUSTRY OPTIONS FEEDBACK SURVEY

MEAT INDUSTRY OPTIONS FEEDBACK SURVEY FEEDBACK SURVEY March 2014 0800 327 646 FED FARM.ORG.NZ INTRODUCTION In December 2013 Federated Farmer released Meat Industry Options: A Discussion Paper to our membership. The paper was an initiative

More information

BEC Feed Solutions. Steve Blake BEC Feed Solutions

BEC Feed Solutions. Steve Blake BEC Feed Solutions BEC Feed Solutions Presenter: Steve Blake BEC Feed Solutions Nutritional Role of Phosphorus Phosphorus (P) is present in all cells in the body Essential for many digestive and metabolic processes, including

More information

Farm and stock valuation

Farm and stock valuation Helpsheet 232 Tax year 6 April 2013 to 5 April 2014 Farm and stock valuation A Contacts Please phone: the number printed on page TR 1 of your tax return the SA Helpline on 0300 200 3310 the SA Orderline

More information

Decline of plum trees, caused by Pseudomonas syringae pathovars, as a serious threat for plum production in the Netherlands

Decline of plum trees, caused by Pseudomonas syringae pathovars, as a serious threat for plum production in the Netherlands Decline of plum trees, caused by Pseudomonas syringae pathovars, as a serious threat for plum production in the Netherlands Marcel Wenneker 1) & Jaap Janse 2) 1) Applied Plant Research, Randwijk, The Netherlands

More information

Understanding The Life Cycle of Ruminant Parasites

Understanding The Life Cycle of Ruminant Parasites Understanding The Life Cycle of Ruminant Parasites Are your Sheep and Cattle thriving as well as they could be? Do you know the actual weight of the stock that you are treating? Do you have anthelmintic

More information

Goat Herd Health Program

Goat Herd Health Program Town & Country Animal Hospital, PC 1865 Centre Line Road, PO Box 168 Warriors Mark, PA 16877 (814) 632-9700 www.tcvet.net Goat Herd Health Program Principal Health Concerns: Parasite Control (internal

More information

Overview of the Cattle Immune System 1

Overview of the Cattle Immune System 1 Oregon State University BEEF043 Beef Cattle Library Beef Cattle Sciences Overview of the Cattle Immune System 1 Reinaldo F. Cooke 2 Introduction On average, the U.S. cattle industry loses more than $1

More information

Sheep diseases directory

Sheep diseases directory Sheep diseases directory A producer s guide to keeping sheep healthy and profitable The technical information in this booklet was supplied by The Moredun Foundation and compiled by Katie Brian, EBLEX.

More information

Paratyphoid prevention is better than cure Dr Ockert Botha (BVSc) Tel 0829226355 The causing bacteria

Paratyphoid prevention is better than cure Dr Ockert Botha (BVSc) Tel 0829226355 The causing bacteria Paratyphoid prevention is better than cure Dr Ockert Botha (BVSc) Tel 0829226355 The causing bacteria Salmonella the bacteria responsible for the disease known as Paratyphoid needs to be understood before

More information

suscon Green One application. 3 years control against grass grub. Grass grub damaged pasture

suscon Green One application. 3 years control against grass grub. Grass grub damaged pasture suscon Green One application. 3 years control against grass grub. Grass grub damaged pasture suscon Green is a dust free, controlled release granule that controls Grass Grub in newly established pasture

More information

Level: 3rd-4th Grade. Subject: Math

Level: 3rd-4th Grade. Subject: Math Kansas Farm Bureau encourages students to learn mathematical content and skills that are used to solve a variety of problems. Their intent is to combine the use of mathematical problems with problems that

More information

Swine Health. Beth Ferry MSU Extension Pork Educator

Swine Health. Beth Ferry MSU Extension Pork Educator Swine Health Beth Ferry MSU Extension Pork Educator What Affects Pig Health? Resources Environment Nutrition Management Animal Care What is your job? Good Observation Key to managing health, production

More information