Improving your water quality and answering questions about your water

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Improving your water quality and answering questions about your water"

Transcription

1 Improving your water quality and answering questions about your water Developed and Prepared by 2013 Reynolds Water Conditioning Co.

2 Water Filtration & Purification Guide Including answers to common water problems and the benefits of good water This is a guide for homeowners and consumers interested in water quality and some of the common issues associated with various types of water used in home and business. City water is different from well water and can vary depending on the municipality and the source of the water. Even the quality of the water from the same source can vary depending on the treatment methods and delivery system. Fresh, clean water is essential for a healthy home. Depending on the water issues, there can be numerous options for treating water in your home or business. When water leaves a municipal treatment facility, it meets all the guidelines of the Safe Drinking Water Act. But, the water coming out of your faucet may not. Water travels a long distance to reach your home or business. It typically goes from a water treatment facility, to a water tower, through miles of pipes, to your home where it goes through your home s plumbing, and finally to your faucet. Furthermore, many consumers have older or contaminated water pipes in their home which, unknown to them, can decrease the quality of their drinking water. Replacing a home s plumbing can be costly, and providing municipal water to the requirements or needs for all residents in a community is unrealistic and can be unaffordable. The good news is that options are available to overcome these obstacles. Every household faces different water issues - You should consider calling in a trained professional whose expertise and equipment will address your concerns. The Water Quality Association is a non-profit trade association which helps consumers identify local water treatment professionals who have demonstrated a certified level of professional expertise and are dedicated to high professional standards.

3 Water treatment systems Protect your investment and save money with quality water systems for your home. A quality water system installed where the water enters the home removes all those undesirable minerals and chemical contaminants before they have a chance to cause problems. The system s are designed to do the job with great efficiency - year after year. Drinking water systems Many substances in nature, or municipal treatment chemicals, may be undesirable in your drinking water. Whatever your home s water source - municipal water or well water, you can enjoy the benefits of a drinking water system. Installing a drinking water system will provide your family with high quality water right at your tap. Reverse osmosis and filtration systems provide the best technology to reduce water borne impurities - at less cost and greater convenience than buying bottled water. Q & A How can I tell if I have hard water? Water hardness is demonstrated by scale in water heaters or on plumbing fixtures, by soap deposits on dishes and fabrics, and by soap scum in sinks and bathtubs. What makes my water hard? As water passes through the atmosphere in the form of rain, snow, sleet, hail, dew, or fog, it picks up impurities and gases. And, because water is the universal solvent, it picks up even more impurities as it travels through the earth as ground water. Whatever the water comes in contact with, it will dissolve a part of it. What is water hardness? Water 'hardness' is caused by the minerals calcium and magnesium in ground and surface water. If either or both minerals are present in your drinking water in high concentrations, the water is considered 'hard. These minerals come from sedimentary rock such as limestone that dissolves into our water. The result of hard water is difficulty making lather or suds for washing and a build-up of minerals on taps and on other fixtures. Water containing low concentrations of calcium or magnesium is called 'soft' water. What is softened water? A water softener replaces the 'hardness' minerals with sodium or potassium. The amounts of these elements added to the water are relatively insignificant in comparison to what is ingested from your food and should not pose a health problem. Should I be concerned about sodium in water? If sodium is a concern to you, your water quality improvement professional can explain the amount of sodium in softened water. This varies, depending on the hardness of the water supply. Any person on a sodiumrestricted diet should follow the advice of his/her physician. All municipal water supplies contain some naturally occurring sodium. If the sodium restricted diet is very strict, discuss the use of Reverse Osmosis, or some other water quality improvement system to reduce the sodium to meet your requirements.

4 For the sake of comparison, one slice of white bread contains about 114 mg of sodium, and an eight ounce glass of milk contains 120 mg of sodium. If your water contains 10 grains per gallon (GPG), and if you consumed a total of one quart of softened water a day, your intake of additional sodium would be 75 mg - less than either a slice of bread or a glass of milk. Why do my sinks and fixtures turn yellow? One of the most common water treatment problems found in well water is iron. Iron can be found in 3 different forms: Ferrous iron (dissolved) - Although not visible it is the most common type of iron. Later when oxygen is mixed with ferrous iron it stains sinks, toilets and laundry especially when bleach is added. To reduce levels of ferrous iron, softening and/or filtration is performed. Ferric Iron (suspended) - Ferric iron or brown water iron is oxidized and forms particles. Normally these particles can be seen in a glass of water. Sometimes these particles are too small to be seen and very difficult to remove. Iron bacteria -Iron bacteria is a general term given to iron that can leave a slimy growth or build up in toilet tanks and sometimes clogs filters, softeners and pipes. These bacteria are not harmful, but are considered a nuisance bacteria because of their difficulty in removing. Why is my dishwasher and/or washing machine stained brown or orange? Brown or black stains found in the dishwasher are usually from high levels of manganese. Manganese that is dissolved in water can stain when the level is above.05mg/l. The dishwasher is a perfect mechanism to oxidize it because it heats it, agitates it and mixes the water with air. Manganese can also stain clothes in the washing machine, due to the same reasons. If bleach is added staining is worse. Orange stains can result from iron in the water. Why does my water smell like rotten eggs? Hydrogen sulfide gas is a naturally occurring contaminant, which gives water a disagreeable rotten egg odor or taste. This usually indicates the presence of some form of non-harmful mineral reducing bacteria in the well. Testing is very difficult because it is a gas and it comes out of solution very quickly. There are no known health effects; however hydrogen sulfide can also make the water somewhat corrosive. My water doesn't taste good, yet it tested out O.K. What does this mean? There are two types of water problems: Primary problems -the dangerous sort of problem and Aesthetic problems ~ things that affect the taste, look or smell of the water. Strange as it may seem, you could have an aesthetic problem (such as iron or manganese) that will not pose an actual health risk. Why do I feel slippery when bathing in soft water? The "slickness" felt after a soft water shower is just the "real" you! Hard water does not easily rinse off the residue from cleaning products. When bathing in softened water, the use of less soap is desirable. Use sufficient water to rinse the skin thoroughly and your skin will feel softer and much smoother than it did with hard water bathing.

5 Water softeners are among the very best household energy savers Independent examination shows how the devices offer green benefits for water heaters, appliances, and showerheads. Water softeners can save significant amounts of money and energy in the home. That is the conclusion of the Battelle Energy Savings Study (aka Battelle Study). Softeners help preserve the efficiency of water heaters and major appliances and keep showers and faucets unclogged. The study was commissioned by the Water Quality Research Foundation (WQRF) in Battelle Memorial Institute is a renowned independent testing and research facility dedicated to applied science and technology development. GAS WATER HEATERS Gas storage tank household water heaters operated on softened water maintained the original factory efficiency rating over a 15- year lifetime. On the other hand, hard water can lead to as much as a 24% loss of efficiency in water heaters. Each five grains per gallon of water hardness causes a 4% loss in efficiency and 4% increase in cost for gas storage tank water heaters when using 50 gallons of hot water per day. (On 30 gpg hard water, that s 24% less efficient than with softened water.) ELECTRIC WATER HEATERS Up to 30 pounds of calcium carbonate rocklike scale can accumulate in these heaters over time, according to the study. The life of the heating element will be shortened due to scale buildup because of increased operating temperature of the heating element. Also each five gpg of water hardness causes 0.4 pounds of scale accumulation each year in electric storage tank household water heaters. Such scale adversely affects the water heater s performance. Battelle says, in the electric storage water heaters operating on unsoftened water, the life of the heating element can be expected to shorten due to scale buildup increasing the operating temperature of the element.. TANKLESS HEATERS Indoor instantaneous gas water heaters (tankless heaters) operated on softened water maintained the original factory efficiency rating over a 15-year lifetime. The study found that tankless water heaters completely failed to function because of scale plugging in the downstream plumbing after only 1.6 years of equivalent hot water use on 26 gpg hard water. Softened water saves 34% of costs compared to operating on 20 gpg and saves 47% compared to operation on 30 gpg hard water. SHOWERHEADS AND FAUCETS Showerheads on soft water maintained a brilliant luster and full flow. Faucets on softened water performed well throughout the study; nearly as well as the day they were installed. Showerheads on hard water lost 75% of the flow rate in less than 18 months. Faucets on hard water could not maintain the specified 1.25 gallons per minute flow rate because of scale collection of the strainers. The strainers on the faucets using unsoftened water were almost completely plugged after 19 equivalent days of testing. APPLIANCES In the study, dishwashers and washing machines were operated for 30 days and 240 completed wash cycles on soft and hard water sources. The units using soft water were almost completely free of any water scale buildup. As the report states, they appeared as if they could be cleaned up to look like new with just a quick wipe down. The appearance of the inside of units using hard water showed the need for deliming and cleaning due to the buildup of scale and deposits.

6 Dishwasher and Laundry Studies Softened water can significantly cut detergent and energy use - and even lead to cleaner dishes and whiter clothes. Two studies show washing machine dial can be switched to coid and dishes cleaned with much less detergent. even cleaner than if they used hotter water and more detergent. Those are a few conclusions of two new independent studies conducted for the Water Quality Research Foundation (WQRF), unveiled and discussed at WQA Aquatech USA Consumers can cut back on dish and laundry detergent use by 50 percent or more and can lower washing machine temperatures from hot to cold just by using softened water. Whats more, they might find their clothes and dishes The detergent savings studies conducted by the independent testing firm Scientific Services S/D Inc., of New York and funded by the Water Quality Research Foundation (WQRF), reveal that using softened water:

7 In washing machines - can reduce detergent use by 50 percent and save energy by washing in 60 degree F cold water instead of 100 degree F hot water, achieving the same or better stain removal and whiter clothes compared to results in hard water. In dishwashers with areas having very hard water - can cut detergent use by more than 50 percent after softening. Notably, softened water with the least amount of detergent and lowest temperature actually provide a higher degree of whiteness. The results show that softened water might not only save consumers money and get better results but could also be environmentally-friendly. They can reduce reliance on polluting fuels because of energy savings and help cut back on harmful detergents going into water streams. (It should be emphasized that these environmental benefits, however, are not quantified in the studies.). Better performance and savings can be achieved with softened water, the report authors conclude. THE LAUNDRY SAVINGS STUDY: A CLOSER LOOK AT WHITER CLOTHES Save money, save energy, get cleaner clothes, all with softened water. Here are some of the remarkable conclusions: Stain removal performance increases dramatically when hardness is removed even when dose and temperature are also lowered. Depending on the stain, hardness reduction was up to 100 times more effective at stain removal than increasing temperature or increasing detergent dose. Softening water will allow use of less detergent and save energy by lowering water temperatures while still maintaining or improving performance. When water of any hardness is softened prior to its use in washing, the detergent use can be reduced by 50% and the washing can be carried out in 60 degree F cold water instead of 100 degree F hot water and achieve the same or better stain removal yielding whiter clothes. These results held true for all stains and all detergents tested. These were also verified for top-loaded and high-efficiency front-loaded washers.

FREE REPORT 10 Tips You Need to Know About Water Softeners

FREE REPORT 10 Tips You Need to Know About Water Softeners 1. What IS a Water Softener? A water softener is a self-cleaning, two tank appliance that removes minerals from your water. Some of those minerals leave a white residue called scale; others leave red staining,

More information

Softened Water Benefits Study: Energy Savings Detergent Savings. Independent studies demonstrate the link. Executive Summaries

Softened Water Benefits Study: Energy Savings Detergent Savings. Independent studies demonstrate the link. Executive Summaries An Independent Research Foundation of WQA Executive Summaries Softened Water Benefits Study: Energy Savings Detergent Savings Independent studies demonstrate the link /MarketTheResearch/ Introduction The

More information

Iron and manganese are two similar elements

Iron and manganese are two similar elements L-5451 2-04 Drinking Water Problems: Iron and Manganese Mark L. McFarland, Associate Professor and Extension Soil Fertility Specialist Monty C. Dozier, Assistant Professor and Extension Water Resources

More information

Water Treatment & Purification Chemicals

Water Treatment & Purification Chemicals Lime-Out Extra Water Treatment Cleaning Chemicals Dissolves tough lime, calcium & rust stains Non-abrasive thick jelly like liquid clings to vertical surfaces Cleans tubs, sinks, shower doors, dishwashers

More information

Quality life, quality water

Quality life, quality water Quality life, quality water AvantaPure Professional Series Water Treatment Systems by GE imagination at work Hard water is hard on your home When your home uses hard, unconditioned water, undesirable elements

More information

Science Behind Better Water

Science Behind Better Water Science Behind Better Water TM Understanding the nature of water Water: without it, life would not exist on earth Water from the oceans, lakes and rivers has always been reused, purified and filtered by

More information

Guide to Common Water Quality Concerns

Guide to Common Water Quality Concerns Guide to Common Water Quality Concerns The City of Corpus Christi Water Department's Water Quality Team understands the importance of safe drinking water for the health and well-being of our customers

More information

Better Taste Better Quality Better For Your Health BETTER ON YOUR BUDGET!

Better Taste Better Quality Better For Your Health BETTER ON YOUR BUDGET! Better Taste Better Quality Better For Your Health BETTER ON YOUR BUDGET! WATER QUALITY Are you dealing with hard water problems? DAMAGE TO EXPENSIVE APPLIANCES FROM CALCIUM SCALE BUILD-UP. EMBARRASSING

More information

Household Water Treatment

Household Water Treatment Household Water Treatment Kathleen Parrott, Extension Specialist, Housing Blake Ross, Extension Specialist, Agricultural Engineering Janice Woodard, retired Extension Specialist,Home Management and Equipment

More information

Watts Family of water quality improvement products and equipment for whole house water treatment.

Watts Family of water quality improvement products and equipment for whole house water treatment. WATER QUALITY & CONDITIONING PRODUCTS Arsenic Iron Taste odors chlorine Hardness Turbidity Acid Water Taste odors chlorine sediment Watts Family of water quality improvement products and equipment for

More information

Treatment Systems for Household Water Supplies. Softening

Treatment Systems for Household Water Supplies. Softening AE-1031 Treatment Systems for Household Water Supplies Softening Russell Derickson Extension Associate in Water and Natural Resources South Dakota Extension Service Bruce Seelig Water Quality Specialist

More information

Excalibur Sulfur/Iron Filters Choose Stain & Sulphur-free

Excalibur Sulfur/Iron Filters Choose Stain & Sulphur-free Excalibur Sulfur/Iron Filters Choose Stain & Sulphur-free Choose Stain & Sulfur-free Laundry Washing laundry in stain free water has proven more effective than doing laundry in water that has Iron content

More information

DC Water. household water quality guide. dcwater.com district of columbia water and sewer authority. George S. Hawkins, General Manager

DC Water. household water quality guide. dcwater.com district of columbia water and sewer authority. George S. Hawkins, General Manager DC Water household water quality guide dcwater.com district of columbia water and sewer authority George S. Hawkins, General Manager Ensuring quality tap water is a shared responsibility of DC Water and

More information

New Home Plumbing Goes Green How to create a water and energy efficient home.

New Home Plumbing Goes Green How to create a water and energy efficient home. New Home Plumbing Goes Green How to create a water and energy efficient home. Today we will cover Water Conservation vs Efficiency Hot Water System Options Selecting the Best Green Toilet High Efficiency

More information

Water Treatment Solutions for Residential & Light Commercial Applications

Water Treatment Solutions for Residential & Light Commercial Applications Water Treatment Solutions for Residential & Light Commercial Applications A quality water system manufactured by Petwa Ltd. will improve your water and benefit your home or office. Our systems feature

More information

Stenner Pump Chlorinator Installation & Start Up Guide

Stenner Pump Chlorinator Installation & Start Up Guide Clean Water Made Easy www.cleanwaterstore.com Stenner Pump Chlorinator Installation & Start Up Guide Thank you for purchasing a Clean Water System! With proper installation and a little routine maintenance

More information

Treatment options for hydrogen sulfide. Testing for hydrogen sulfide

Treatment options for hydrogen sulfide. Testing for hydrogen sulfide Sometimes hot water will have a sour smell, similar to that of an old damp rag. This smell often develops when the thermostat has been lowered to save energy or reduce the potential for scalding. Odor-causing

More information

Air Injection Filter For Iron removal. Product Manual

Air Injection Filter For Iron removal. Product Manual Air Injection Filter For Iron removal Product Manual Your Neotec Air Injection Iron Filter (Birm Filter) Congratulations on choosing the Neotec Air Injection Iron Filter (NAIF). This system will remove

More information

Owner s Manual. 5600 / 5600 Econominder

Owner s Manual. 5600 / 5600 Econominder 5600 / 5600 Econominder Owner s Manual For questions or in case of emergency, please call your local service technician (preferably the one who installed the system). Product Features, Benefits, & Job

More information

Iron and Manganese BACTERIA AND IRON AND MANGANESE

Iron and Manganese BACTERIA AND IRON AND MANGANESE Iron and Manganese Iron and manganese control is the most common type of municipal water treatment in Minnesota. Iron and manganese occur naturally in groundwater. Neither element causes adverse heath

More information

Hardness ions also interfere with many chemical processes such as chemical compounding and aqueous cleaners.

Hardness ions also interfere with many chemical processes such as chemical compounding and aqueous cleaners. Water Softeners Industrial Water Purification (800) CAL-WATER By Dave Peairs, Cal Water, Technical Director Rev: 06/08/2004 Before any discussion of water softeners, we must first define what hard water

More information

Home Drinking Water Treatment Systems

Home Drinking Water Treatment Systems Home Drinking Water Treatment Systems Prepared by: Glenda M. Herman Extension Housing Specialist Gregory D. Jennings Extension Water Quality Specialist Published by: North Carolina Cooperative Extension

More information

Your drinking water. Your questions answered

Your drinking water. Your questions answered Your drinking water Your questions answered Introduction Southern Water supplies tap water to more than two million people in Kent, Sussex, Hampshire and the Isle of Wight. To ensure this water is safe

More information

Excalibur Water Softeners Choose Softness

Excalibur Water Softeners Choose Softness Excalibur Water Softeners Choose Softness Choose Softness Soft water is gentle, beautifying, enriching. Soft water means soft, clean skin; soft, silky, more manageable hair. Hard water keeps soap from

More information

Indiana Department of Environmental Management. Well Disinfection

Indiana Department of Environmental Management. Well Disinfection Indiana Department of Environmental Management www.in.gov/idem Well Disinfection Why Disinfect? Well disinfection can eliminate or reduce many different kinds harmful bacteria and viruses as well as harmless

More information

Is My Drinking Water Safe?

Is My Drinking Water Safe? Is My Drinking Water Safe? November 2012 WHITE PAPER 1 SRC WHITE PAPER: IS MY DRINKING WATER SAFE? Is My Drinking Water Safe? When we were growing up, we were told in school that Canada contains more than

More information

Tap Water You Can Trust

Tap Water You Can Trust Tap Water You Can Trust Answers to common questions about tap water Coachella Valley Water District (760) 398-2651 www.cvwd.org www.waterfun4kids.org Do you know where your drinking water comes from? CVWD

More information

Common Causes of High Water Bills

Common Causes of High Water Bills Common Causes of High Water Bills An unusually high water bill is most often caused by a leak or change in water use. Some common causes of high water bills include: A leaking toilet, or a toilet that

More information

Hardness Minerals in Drinking Water. Indications of Hard Water

Hardness Minerals in Drinking Water. Indications of Hard Water Hardness Minerals in Drinking Water Water described as "hard" is high in dissolved minerals, specifically calcium and magnesium. Hard water is not a health risk, but a nuisance because of mineral buildup

More information

Why Hard Water is a Problem

Why Hard Water is a Problem Why Hard Water is a Problem An independently verified effective solution Introduction What is Hard Water? Water is commonly called the universal solvent because it is the only liquid that has the ability

More information

WATER. Water Management Protect your building from water damage. Intent. Information & Tips

WATER. Water Management Protect your building from water damage. Intent. Information & Tips Water Management Protect your building from water damage If not managed properly, rain can drain into unwanted areas damaging your roof, windows, walls and facade. Eliminate water damage to your property

More information

Hard Water Scale Reduction Systems Without Salt

Hard Water Scale Reduction Systems Without Salt Hard Water Scale Reduction Systems Without Salt Introducing...the next chapter in hard water treatment technology. Scaleless by WaterGroup...it s right here, right now. Join the solution. What is hard

More information

Corrosivity of Water Supplies

Corrosivity of Water Supplies WD-DWGB-3-4 2009 Corrosivity of Water Supplies What is meant by Corrosivity? Corrosive water can be defined as a condition of water quality which will dissolve metals from metallic plumbing at an excessive

More information

The GUIDE for Water Softening

The GUIDE for Water Softening The GUIDE for Water Softening North American Salt Company knows salt. As a premier salt producer, we operate the world s largest salt mine in Ontario, Canada. Our salt is used in thousands of products

More information

A CONSUMERS GUIDE TO WATER SOFTENING

A CONSUMERS GUIDE TO WATER SOFTENING A CONSUMERS GUIDE TO WATER SOFTENING The mains water supplied by your water company is required to meet stringent quality regulations to ensure that it is safe for human use. In areas of the country with

More information

Homeowners and Home Buyers Guide to Wells and Private Sewage Systems

Homeowners and Home Buyers Guide to Wells and Private Sewage Systems Homeowners and Home Buyers Guide to Wells and Private Sewage Systems What every homeowner should know about living with a well and a private sewage system. YOUR ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS Out of sight out of

More information

EPB 223- Introduction to Iron and Manganese Removal

EPB 223- Introduction to Iron and Manganese Removal Note: As of October 1, 2012 The Water Security Agency and Saskatchewan Ministry of Environment share responsibility and authority for the administration of The Environmental Management and Protection Act,

More information

Preventing water damage caused by plumbing fixtures

Preventing water damage caused by plumbing fixtures Preventing water damage caused by plumbing fixtures Thousands of home insurance claims are filed every year. Some losses are major, others aren t, but they re always inconvenient and usually avoidable!

More information

NORTH STAR WATER SOFTENERS

NORTH STAR WATER SOFTENERS Want to Know More? Additional information and detailed specifications about North Star water softeners and drinking water products are available online at www.northstarconditioning.com. Warranty* (See

More information

Drinking Water Treatment Systems

Drinking Water Treatment Systems Drinking Water Treatment Systems By Barbara Daniels and Nancy Mesner June, 2005 NR/WQ/2005-24 If your home water comes from a public water supply, it has been tested and meets EPA standards for drinking

More information

Dear Customer: Most sincerely, Steve Gudovic President BIG PARK WATER COMPANY

Dear Customer: Most sincerely, Steve Gudovic President BIG PARK WATER COMPANY Dear Customer: Why is there a burgeoning use of bottled water and home treatment devices when U.S. citizens are enjoying some of the highest quality drinking water in the world? It is my personal belief

More information

HIGH EFFICIENCY. Washers and Detergents. Working in Harmony to Save Energy and Water. www.cleaninginstitute.org

HIGH EFFICIENCY. Washers and Detergents. Working in Harmony to Save Energy and Water. www.cleaninginstitute.org HIGH EFFICIENCY Washers and Detergents Working in Harmony to Save Energy and Water www.cleaninginstitute.org HE Washers and HE Detergents Working in Harmony to Save Energy and Water About This Guide: Compared

More information

Drinking Water Testing for Quality

Drinking Water Testing for Quality NebGuide Nebraska Extension Research-Based Information That You Can Use G907 Index: Natural Resources, Water Management 1989, 2005, 2009, Revised June 2016 Drinking Water Testing for Quality Sharon O.

More information

Agenda Meeting of the Commissioners of Public Works of the City of Charleston, South Carolina, d.b.a.

Agenda Meeting of the Commissioners of Public Works of the City of Charleston, South Carolina, d.b.a. Agenda Meeting of the Commissioners of Public Works of the City of Charleston, South Carolina, d.b.a. Meeting Date: Tuesday, January 29, 2013 Meeting Location: 103 St. Philip Street, Charleston, S.C. 29402

More information

8 plumbing. plumbing. 2010 PulteGroup, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

8 plumbing. plumbing. 2010 PulteGroup, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 8 90 2010 PulteGroup, Inc. All Rights Reserved. drains All the water you use leaves the home through a drain. Maintaining drains prevents clogging, overflows, water damage, and other problems. care and

More information

The goal of a septic system is to protect human health and the environment by properly treating wastewater before returning it to the environment. Your septic system is designed to kill harmful organisms

More information

Troubleshooting tips Key. What colour is the water? Reddish-orange. Yellowish-brown or tea-coloured

Troubleshooting tips Key. What colour is the water? Reddish-orange. Yellowish-brown or tea-coloured Appendix 9: Troubleshooting tips These troubleshooting tips provide basic guidance on how to rectify some common water quality problems. Conduct a risk assessment and seek further information before making

More information

Aeration CHEMICALS REMOVED OR OXIDIZED BY AERATION. Constituents commonly affected by aeration are:

Aeration CHEMICALS REMOVED OR OXIDIZED BY AERATION. Constituents commonly affected by aeration are: Aeration Aeration brings water and air in close contact in order to remove dissolved gases (such as carbon dioxide) and oxidizes dissolved metals such as iron, hydrogen sulfide, and volatile organic chemicals

More information

Healthy Drinking Waters

Healthy Drinking Waters Healthy Drinking Waters for M A S S A C H U S E T T S S a f e a n d h e a l t h y l i v e s i n s a f e a n d h e a l t h y c o m m u n i t i e s Copper in Private Drinking Water Wells Private well owners

More information

Polyphosphate and Ion Exchange Water Treatment Techniques Compared

Polyphosphate and Ion Exchange Water Treatment Techniques Compared Polyphosphate and Ion Exchange Water Treatment Techniques Compared Hardness does not affect health so it is not an EPA regulated constituent but may be regulated by state or local health districts. The

More information

5 Things You Should Know Before You Hire a Local Plumber

5 Things You Should Know Before You Hire a Local Plumber 5 Things You Should Know Before You Hire a Local Plumber Disclaimers / Legal Information All rights reserved. No part of this ebook may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any

More information

Septic System Management Plan for Below Grade Systems

Septic System Management Plan for Below Grade Systems The goal of a septic system is to protect human health and the environment by properly treating wastewater before returning it to the environment. Your septic system is designed to kill harmful organisms

More information

CITY OF GOLDEN DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS, ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES DIVISION

CITY OF GOLDEN DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS, ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES DIVISION CITY OF GOLDEN DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS, ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES DIVISION Grease, So What's the Problem? Does your facility produce grease? All commercial cooking facilities generate Fats, Oil, and Grease

More information

Emergency Guideline for Food Facilities during Boil Water Advisory or Other Public Notices

Emergency Guideline for Food Facilities during Boil Water Advisory or Other Public Notices Emergency Guideline for Food Facilities during Boil Water Advisory or Other Public Notices Water supply warnings are generally required when water suppliers need to provide consumers with immediate and

More information

SECOND GRADE 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

SECOND GRADE 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES SECOND GRADE 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES WATER CYCLE OVERVIEW OF SECOND GRADE WATER WEEK 1. PRE: Exploring the properties of water. LAB: Experimenting with different soap mixtures. POST: Analyzing

More information

annual Quality REPORT water testing performed in 2015 Presented By City of Gig Harbor

annual Quality REPORT water testing performed in 2015 Presented By City of Gig Harbor annual WATER Quality REPORT water testing performed in 2015 Presented By City of Gig Harbor PWS PWS ID#: ID#: 276009 XX Report Introduction The City of Gig Harbor s Water Department receives its drinking

More information

Soap, Detergent, and Water quality. Ihuoma Lucy

Soap, Detergent, and Water quality. Ihuoma Lucy Soap, Detergent, and Water quality By Ihuoma Lucy Overview Introduction Soap Detergents Water quality Difference between soap and detergent Eutrification and Biodegradation Conclusion History Ancient peoples

More information

Drinking water with a nuisance rotten egg odor contains hydrogen sulfide

Drinking water with a nuisance rotten egg odor contains hydrogen sulfide L-5312 6-99 HYDROGEN SULFIDE IN DRINKING WATER Causes and Treatment Alternatives Mark L. McFarland and T. L. Provin* Drinking water with a nuisance rotten egg odor contains hydrogen sulfide (H 2 S), a

More information

Information about hard water and the affects on your water supply, explained to you by

Information about hard water and the affects on your water supply, explained to you by Information about hard water and the affects on your water supply, explained to you by dishwasher reviews Water quality information Hard water 03 What is hard water? Hard water is caused by the presence

More information

www.qalt.cz universal detergent

www.qalt.cz universal detergent universal detergent 10 kg EXCEL PROFESSIONAL Excel Professional is a concentrated laundry detergent. The main qualities of this product is using only biodegradable tenzids and other suitable components

More information

Water Treatment NOTES. Cornell Cooperative Extension, College of Human Ecology. Iron and Manganese in Household Drinking Water

Water Treatment NOTES. Cornell Cooperative Extension, College of Human Ecology. Iron and Manganese in Household Drinking Water 6 Water Treatment NOTES Cornell Cooperative Extension, College of Human Ecology Iron and Manganese in Household Drinking Water ANN T. LEMLEY, JOHN J. SCHWARTZ, LINDA P. WAGENET Fact Sheet 6, January 1999

More information

EC Shopping for a Mechanical Water Softener

EC Shopping for a Mechanical Water Softener University of Nebraska - Lincoln DigitalCommons@University of Nebraska - Lincoln Historical Materials from University of Nebraska- Lincoln Extension Extension 1969 EC69-2213 Shopping for a Mechanical Water

More information

Precautionary Boil Water Notices: Frequently Asked Questions

Precautionary Boil Water Notices: Frequently Asked Questions Precautionary Boil Water Notices: Frequently Asked Questions QUICK TIPS: Boil Water For: Drinking Brushing Teeth Washing fruits & vegetables Preparing food Mixing baby formula Making ice Giving water to

More information

Boil Water Advisory. For Commercial/Public Facilities. Boil Water Advisory Factsheet #3

Boil Water Advisory. For Commercial/Public Facilities. Boil Water Advisory Factsheet #3 Boil Water Advisory Factsheet #3 Boil Water Advisory For Commercial/Public Facilities How to operate a commercial/ public facility under a boil water advisory Boil water advisories are issued when a municipal,

More information

Water Softening for Hardness Removal. Hardness in Water. Methods of Removing Hardness 5/1/15. WTRG18 Water Softening and Hardness

Water Softening for Hardness Removal. Hardness in Water. Methods of Removing Hardness 5/1/15. WTRG18 Water Softening and Hardness Water Softening for Removal 1 in Water High concentration of calcium (Ca2+) and magnesium (Mg2+) ions in water cause hardness Generally, water containing more than 100 mg/l of hardness expressed as calcium

More information

EMERGENCY ACTION PLAN CONTAMINATED WATER SUPPLY (BIOLOGICAL)

EMERGENCY ACTION PLAN CONTAMINATED WATER SUPPLY (BIOLOGICAL) NEW HAMPSHIRE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES DIVISION OF PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICES FOOD PROTECTION SECTION EMERGENCY ACTION PLAN CONTAMINATED WATER SUPPLY (BIOLOGICAL) For the purpose of this Emergency

More information

Drinking Water Treatment Systems

Drinking Water Treatment Systems Drinking Water Treatment Systems By: Barbara Daniels and Nancy Mesner Revised December 2010 If your home water comes from a public water supply, it has been tested and meets EPA standards for drinking

More information

Red Cabbage ph paper

Red Cabbage ph paper Red Cabbage ph paper Summary Some of the most important kinds of chemicals in science are acids and bases. Although you may not realize it, you use acids and bases in your home everyday. You can recognize

More information

The future of water softening has arrived...

The future of water softening has arrived... The future of water softening has arrived... Welcome The future of water softening starts here. Here at Atlantis, we ve been manufacturing water softeners since 1999, and our ethos has always been to provide

More information

MAINTAINING YOUR SPA WATER

MAINTAINING YOUR SPA WATER MAINTAINING YOUR SPA WATER Tap water that is safe to drink is not always safe for a spa. Normal tap water is usually filled with minerals and microcontaminants that are not visible to the naked eye. Properly

More information

If you have a Septic tank with pump out, this guide is for you.

If you have a Septic tank with pump out, this guide is for you. If you have a Septic tank with pump out, this guide is for you. Acknowledgments Cartoons by Fran Lowe NSW Department of Local Government 2000 As a septic system owner you are responsible for ensuring that

More information

EMERGENCY DRINKING WATER SUPPLIES

EMERGENCY DRINKING WATER SUPPLIES EMERGENCY DRINKING WATER SUPPLIES Prepared by: Dorothy L. Miner Extension Water Quality Associate Specialist Why have emergency water supplies? We often take our household water supply for granted. However,

More information

FREQUENTLY ASKED SEPTIC SYSTEM QUESTIONS

FREQUENTLY ASKED SEPTIC SYSTEM QUESTIONS FREQUENTLY ASKED SEPTIC SYSTEM QUESTIONS What is an OSSF (On-Site Sewage Facility)? This is the term used when referring to "septic systems". What is septic system? A septic system is a method of dealing

More information

Part No.: 15261 Rev: D 07/07

Part No.: 15261 Rev: D 07/07 RainSoft Division of Aquion Water Treatment Products 2080 East Lunt Avenue Elk Grove Village, Illinois 60007 1.847.437.9400 or 1.800.860.7638 www.rainsoft.com GOLD SERIES WATER TREATMENT SYSTEM Part No.:

More information

septic systems What is a Septic System? How does a Septic System Work?

septic systems What is a Septic System? How does a Septic System Work? septic systems What is a Septic System? A septic system is a private sewage treatment system. They are common in rural areas where there are no municipal sewage pipes for homes, farms, businesses or other

More information

Home comfort: water heating

Home comfort: water heating Home comfort: water heating Water heating usage Hot water. It s one of those luxuries we give little thought to until we run out. This information is provided to help you get the most value and comfort

More information

WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW...

WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW... A GUIDE TO OPERATING & MAINTAINING YOUR SEPTIC SYSTEM WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW... The way you treat your septic system will influence how long the system lasts and how well it functions. If you own or rent

More information

TEACHER ACTIVITY GUIDE

TEACHER ACTIVITY GUIDE Page 1/5 EXPECTED OUTCOMES TEACHER ACTIVITY GUIDE ROOT BEER PRODUCTION Taken from IFT Experiments in Food Science Series This activity will allow student an opportunity to explore yeast fermentation by

More information

Looking after your Septic Tank System

Looking after your Septic Tank System Looking after your Septic Tank System Name: Bought to you by Address: File this in your property file. 0800 TO FLUSH Call 0800 TO FLUSH 1 What do you know about your septic tank system? Just like your

More information

Disinfecting Your Private Well

Disinfecting Your Private Well TCEQ GENERAL INFORMATION Water Supply Division GI-432 August 2013 Disinfecting Your Private Well Is Your Well Flooded? Disinfect It Before You Drink It! If your private well is flooded, do not use water

More information

What Do You Really Know About Water? Take the Watershed Agricultural Council s Water Trivia Challenge. Titicus Reservoir, Westchester County

What Do You Really Know About Water? Take the Watershed Agricultural Council s Water Trivia Challenge. Titicus Reservoir, Westchester County What Do You Really Know About Water? Take the Watershed Agricultural Council s Water Trivia Challenge Titicus Reservoir, Westchester County Water Trivia Questions (Answers are provided on the back.) 1.

More information

Virginia Household Water Quality Program: Household Water Treatment

Virginia Household Water Quality Program: Household Water Treatment Publication 442-670 Virginia Household Water Quality Program: Household Water Treatment Brian Benham, Extension Specialist, Associate Professor, Biological Systems Engineering, Virginia Tech Erin Ling,

More information

III. BACKGROUND KNOWLEDGE

III. BACKGROUND KNOWLEDGE Chemical Bonds and Reactions (Water) Grade Level: 7 (Applied Technology) Presented by: James Rubright, Three Oaks Middle School, Fort Myers, Florida Length of Unit: Ten Daily Lessons and Activities I.

More information

ph Measurements of Common Substances

ph Measurements of Common Substances Chem 100 Section Experiment 10 Name Partner s Name Introduction ph Measurements of Common Substances The concentration of an acid or base is frequently expressed as ph. Historically, ph stands for the

More information

WATER SOFTENERS & AUTOMATIC FILTERS

WATER SOFTENERS & AUTOMATIC FILTERS WATER SOFTENERS & AUTOMATIC FILTERS www.americanplumber.com The benefits of American Plumber Water Softeners and Water Filtration Systems are crystal clear. American Plumber is the leader in turning poor

More information

Wasting Hot Water Wastes Energy

Wasting Hot Water Wastes Energy CON EDISON WEB-BASED MIDDLE SCHOOL ACTIVITY Wasting Hot Water Wastes Energy Overview In this activity, your students will consider the cost of energy in water heating, an area they may not realize accounts

More information

ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW...

ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW... ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW... What do you know about your septic tank system? For the purposes of this booklet, a septic tank system refers to any kind of on-site sewage management system including traditional

More information

Southwest Florida Water Management District. Fix It for Less

Southwest Florida Water Management District. Fix It for Less Southwest Florida Water Management District Fix It for Less Fix It for Less Most waterconserving devices will reduce your water and sewer bill enough to pay for themselves within six months. Fix It for

More information

Water Quality. making it crystal clear

Water Quality. making it crystal clear Water Quality making it crystal clear Water Quality Facts South East Water supplies top quality drinking water to more than 2.1 million people each day. The quality of your drinking water is monitored

More information

Southwest Florida Water Management District Southwest Florida Water Management District

Southwest Florida Water Management District Southwest Florida Water Management District Southwest Florida Water Management District Southwest Florida Water Management District Southwest Florida Water Management District What Is Retrofit? Fixing leaks and installing a few inexpensive water-saving

More information

NuvoH2O Efficacy and Consumer Benefits Study:

NuvoH2O Efficacy and Consumer Benefits Study: Study Findings and Executive Summaries NuvoH2O Efficacy and Consumer Benefits Study: Scale Prevention Scale Removal Energy Savings An Independent Study by Battelle Table of Contents www.nuvowater.com Introduction

More information

Well and Septic System Care in Hunterdon County

Well and Septic System Care in Hunterdon County Well and Septic System Care in Hunterdon County A Homeowner s Guide Hunterdon County Department of Health Route 12 County Complex, Bldg., #1, Room 200 PO Box 2900 Flemington, NJ 08822-2900 Water: One of

More information

Lesson Plan: How Do We Know What is Healthy Water?

Lesson Plan: How Do We Know What is Healthy Water? Lesson Plan: How Do We Know What is Healthy Water? Estimated Time: 1-3 days ph /Chlorine / Hardness State Standards taught and addressed Grade 8: Standards Taught (and evaluated at end of lesson) Science

More information

Owner s Manual. Pelican NaturSoft Custom Salt Free Water Softener/Conditioner

Owner s Manual. Pelican NaturSoft Custom Salt Free Water Softener/Conditioner Owner s Manual Pelican NaturSoft Custom Salt Free Water Softener/Conditioner Page 2 Copyright 2013 Enviro Water Solutions Inc. All rights reserved. All information contained herein is the property of Pelican

More information

Experiment 14-Hard Water and Soap

Experiment 14-Hard Water and Soap Experiment 14-Hard Water and Soap Tap water in many parts of the country contains minerals that can interfere with the cleaning ability of detergents. That's why water softeners are popular in these locations.

More information

What To Do When Your Well is Flooded. Common Sense Steps To Take If Your Well Is Covered by Flood Water

What To Do When Your Well is Flooded. Common Sense Steps To Take If Your Well Is Covered by Flood Water What To Do When Your Well is Flooded Common Sense Steps To Take If Your Well Is Covered by Flood Water Courtesy of CleanWaterStore.com 2016 Contents 1. What To Do If Your Well Is Covered by Flood Water...

More information

Hardness Comparisons

Hardness Comparisons Hardness Comparisons Hardness Adapted from: An original Creek Connections activity. Creek Connections, Box 10, Allegheny College, Meadville, Pennsylvania 16335. Grade Level: all Duration: 50 minutes Setting:

More information

How to Use Water Safely in Your Food Establishment During a Boil Water Advisory

How to Use Water Safely in Your Food Establishment During a Boil Water Advisory How to Use Water Safely in Your Food Establishment During a Boil Water Advisory Food service establishments are allowed to operate during the boil water advisory as long as the conditions outlined below

More information

Southwest Florida Water Management District. Saving Water INDOORS

Southwest Florida Water Management District. Saving Water INDOORS Southwest Florida Water Management District Saving Water INDOORS Saving Water Indoors Did you know the average west-central Florida resident uses about 104 gallons of water each day? Therefore, we need

More information

Well and Water System Disinfection For Private Wells

Well and Water System Disinfection For Private Wells Well and Water System Disinfection For Private Wells Minnesota Department of Health 625 North Robert Street, P.O. Box 64975 Environmental Health Division St. Paul, Minnesota 55164-0975 651-201-4600 or

More information