Potential Economic Benefits to Santa Ana River Watershed of Forest Restoration. Barbara Wyse, Senior Economist

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Potential Economic Benefits to Santa Ana River Watershed of Forest Restoration. Barbara Wyse, Senior Economist"

Transcription

1 Potential Economic Benefits to Santa Ana River Watershed of Forest Restoration Barbara Wyse, Senior Economist July 25, 2012

2 Presentation Overview Purpose / Motivation for Study Scope Approach FINDINGS! Uncertainty and Interpretation

3 Purpose Are funding forest restoration measures in the Santa Ana River Watershed s economic interest? t? 1. What is the connection between forest restoration and Santa Ana watershed water supply/water quality? 2. What are the types/magnitude of economic benefit of restoration measures? 3. What is the level of certainty regarding economic benefit findings? 4. What are the data gaps/next steps that can increase certainty?

4 Motivation for Study Findings Elsewhere Santa Fe Municipal Watershed, NM Forest restoration projects to reduce fire risk, increase water quality Customers pay an average monthly fee of $0.54 Denver Water, CO >$10 million costs to Denver Water due to 138,000 FS acres burned (>1 million cubic yards sediment in water supply reservoir) $33 million over 5 years for forest treatment/watershed protection Charles River, MA Millions of dollars in damages and hundreds of deaths in floods $8.3 million in land acquisition, same benefits as $100 million dam/levees Catskill / Delaware Watershed, NY City of New York was out of compliance with EPA water quality standards $1.5 billion over 10 years to protect the watershed and upgrade infrastructure Avoided $6 billion in capital and $300 million in operating costs

5 Parallels for Santa Ana River Watershed 1. Forest Service Watershed with high risk of fire a. Costs of sedimentation in recharge ponds / river channel - Reduced water supply - Increased O&M Costs 2. Supply limited water basin a. Potential high costs of reduced recharge/streamflow - Purchase of additional imported water - Potential ti shortages 3. Flash flow water supply a. Potential high costs of flooding - Costs to water suppliers/flood control agencies/others - Reduced groundwater recharge

6 Scope of Analysis Restoration Measures Thinning, Road Retrofitting, Meadow Restoration, Chaparral Restoration Water Supply Effects on Santa Ana River Watershed Quantity/Quality Economic Benefits to Santa Ana River Watershed Recharge Basin Maintenance Costs, Water Purchase Costs

7 Approach 1. Focus on thinning restoration benefits a. Fire risk reduction b. Water supply enhancement 2. Gather data a. What have others found? b. What data is available for San Bernardino/Cleveland NF? c. What are supply/quality y costs facing Santa Ana River Watershed that may be affected by thinning? 3. Define ranges for potential water supply benefits 4. Model expected $ benefits and level of certainty

8 Data Sources 1. Case Studies 2. Scientific Literature (15+ studies on watershed restoration/forest management and hydrology) 3. US Forest Service Data and Publications 4. Interviews with Districts (7 districts/flood control agencies) a. Bob Tincher, San Bernardino Valley MWD b. Dave Schroeder, Chino Basin Water CD c. Erin Morales, Cucamonga Valley WD d. Greg Woodside, Orange County WD e. Jack Nelson, Yucaipa Valley WD f. James McKenzie, San Bernardino County Flood Control g. Mark Tettemer, Irvine Ranch WD

9 Thinning Benefits Model Overview 2 Types of Benefits, 2 Models 1. Forest fuel reduction increased streamflow (thru reduced ET) 2. Forest fuel reduction reduced sediment / debris flows (thru reduced catastrophic fire risk) Model Steps 1. Literature on ranges of effects to expect 2. Local Data on San Bernardino/Cleveland NF and streamflow data 3. Define Range of Effects / Benefits for Santa Ana River Watershed

10 Step 1: Thinning Effects Literature on Water Quantity Forest fuel reduction increased streamflow, BUT Magnitude difficult to quantify Large ranges from studies Most studies find large volume removal is necessary Drainage Area Watershed % watershed treated MAP MAF Increase in Flow % change flow hectares acres Aspect Slope Vegetation Beaver Creek, AZ 100% % 124 W 21% Utah juniper pinyon forest Beaver Creek, AZ 83% % 146 W 7% Utah juniper pinyon forest Beaver Creek, AZ 100% % 42 SW 5% alligator and Utah Junipir ponderosa pine forest Beaver Creek, AZ 100% % 184 SW 7% ponderosa pine, gambel oak, alligator juniper Beaver Creek, AZ 33% % 452 W 6% ponderosa pine, gambel oak, alligator juniper Castle Creek, AZ 100% % 364 SE ponderosa pine Coyote Creek, OR 50% % 69 NE 23 36% Doug fir, mixed conifer Coyote Creek, OR 30% % 68 NE 23 36% Doug fir, mixed conifer Coyote Creek, OR 100% % 50 NE 23 36% Doug fir, mixed conifer Deadhorse Creek, CO 35% % 41 S 40% old growth lodgepole pine Entiat, WA 100% % 514 SE Ponderosa pine and Doug fir Entiat, WA 100% % 563 Ponderosa pine and Doug fir Entiat, WA 100% % 473 Ponderosa pine and Doug fir Fox Creek, OR 25% % 59 WNW 5 9% PacificSilverfir, fir, overmature western Hemlock and Doug fir Fox Creek, OR 25% % 71 W 5 9% Doug fir, western Hemlock Frazer, CO 40% % 289 N 77% subalpine forest (lodgepole pine, spruce fir): 23% alpine forest Source: Numerous sources, summarized in Marvin, Sarah, Possible Changes in Water Yield and Peak Flows in Response to Forest Management

11 Step 1 (cont): Economic Value of Water Quantity Big Range of Value from Difference Sources Avoided cost of purchasing alternative water Multiple sources of water $ / AF State Water Project Water Metropolitan Water District Cost of Shortages Cost to residential consumers of water supply restrictions Up to $2,000/AF in reduced value

12 Step 1 (cont): Identify Most Likely Values for Santa Ana River Watershed from Literature Define Range and Distribution of Water Supply Effects 25% reduction in density is needed before any increase in stream flow can be measured. For every 1% reduction in tree stand density (> 25%), a mean of 0.6% in water flow effects, with 10 th percentile at 0.5% and 90 th percentile at 0.8% Define Range and Distribution of Per Unit Water Value (Delivered Cost) $75 - $450 /AF based on cost of SWP and MWD imported water Combine Distribution of Water Supply Effects and Per Unit Water Values Risk Model) Provides best possible information on most likely effects, within context of the possible range of effects

13 Step 2: Gather Required Local Data What is the reduction in forest volume that would result from thinning? i What is the current stand density in San Bernardino/Cleveland NF watersheds? What is the target stand density in the watersheds? What is the current acreage of forest that requires thinning to reach target density? What is the current streamflow volume in Santa Ana River Watershed areas?

14 Step 2 (cont): Local Data on Acreage to Thin Target density = 150 trees / acre Minimum density for thinning: 200 trees/acre Source: USDA Forest Service

15 Step 2 (cont): Local Data on Streamflow Case Study: San Bernardino Valley Water District Sub Basin Data Precipitation is assumed to be held constant at average historic rates Timing of flows was not considered, only average annual flow volumes Creek Sub Basin Acreage Base Flow (AFY) Lytle 29,654 33,612 Cajon Creek 36,201 8,825 Devil Canyon 3,530 1,959 East Twin Creek 5,579 3,887 City Creek NR Highland 12,487 8,512 Mill Creek Yucaipa 27,172 27,733733

16 Step 3, Results: Range of Effects / Benefits A - Lytle ( ) / Annual Benefits $19,371 $49, % 90.0% 5.0% 90% chance that thinning subbasin gives $19 - $50,000 annual benefits Values x 10^ A - Lytle ( ) / Annual Benefits Minimum $15, Maximum $65, Mean $32, Std Dev $9, Values 1000 $40- $100 per acre thinned $15,000 0 $20,000 0 $25,000 0 $30,000 0 $35,000 0 $40,000 0 $45,000 0 $50,000 0 $55,000 0 $60,000 0 $65,000 0 $70, acres have a stand density greater than 200 trees per acre and would be thinned

17 Results (cont): Water Supply Benefits from Thinning i 1, acres Select Tributaries Acres Thinned Supply Annual Annual Annual Impact Benefits Benefits Benefits (AFY) (min, 10%) (mean) (max, 90%) A Lytle $19,268 $32,400 $50,070 B Cajon C $905 $1,520 $2,351 C Devil Cyn 49 9 $810 $1,360 $2,106 D E Twin C 28 7 $663 $1,120 $1,724 E City C NR Highland $1,947 $3,270 $5,059 H Mill C Yucaipa $12,645 $21,270 $32,861 90% chance of $35- $95,000 annual benefits with mean of $60,000 90% chance of $31- $82 annual benefits per acre thinned, with mean of $53 per acre thinned If thin every 20 years, with same benefits, most likely present value is ~$800/acre Total 1, $36,238 $60,940 $94,171

18 Thinning Model 2: Effects on Fire Risk and Sediment Loads Forest fuel reduction reduced fire risk reduced sediment BUT fire risk reduction difficult to quantify Reduced sediment difficult to quantify Some studies find large volume removal is necessary Fire events can result in erosion and heavy sediment loads in waterways if followed by storm events. Sediment can build in recharge basins, clogging them and reducing or eliminating percolation of water into the groundwater table. Sediment removal costs $10-$15 per cubic yard

19 Steps 1 and 2: Thinning and Fire/Sediment Risk Reduction in Santa Ana River Watershed Fire Level Baseline Thinned Risk Sediment Loads # Recharge Reduction (cubic yards) Basins Affected Magnitude I 3.8 % (26 yr) % 100 1,000 2 Magnitude II 3.6 % (28 yr) % 1,000 10, Magnitude III 6.3 % (16 yr) % 10, Data Sources USGS Data on Post-fire Debris-Flows in San Gabriel Mountains Fire Risk Reduction from Literature Review, interviews with USFS

20 Step 2: Reduced Sediment from Thinning Santa Ana Watershed Values x 10^ Annual Sediment Reduction 3,935 20, % 90.0% 5.0% 90% chance that thinning Santa Ana watershed would result in 4,000 20,000 cubic yards sediment (annual average) Sediment Reduction Minimum 2, Maximum 34, Mean 10, Std Dev 5, Values , , , , , , ,000 Most Likely 10,000 cubic yards reduced sediment (annual average) Reduction in sediment removal, expressed in cubic yards

21 Step 3: Avoided Sedimentation Costs of Thinning Most Likely Savings: $186,000 annually Most Likely Savings per acre thinned: $50, or ~$800 present value 90% chance that thinning watershed would save $47,000 to $0.4 million annually

22 Conclusions and Interpretation: Benefits of Thinning Expected annual value per acre thinned in Santa Ana River watershed: $100 per acre, if all 3,800 acres thinned, approximately $3.8 million in annual value Present value, assuming 20 year thinning cycle, of ~$1500 per acre thinned 2 Primary, Quantifiable Water Supply Benefits Increased streamflow $50/Acre 90% chance $31-$82 $82 per acre thinned Key assumption: All streamflow results in increased recharge and availability to Santa Ana River Watershed Decreased sediment, $50/Acre 90% chance $12-$115 $115 per acre thinned Key assumption: All sediment results in sediment removal costs Key Uncertainties: Percent of watershed thinned Locations of effect Magnitude of ecological response

23 Benefits of Road Retrofitting Road Retrofitting Reduced sedimentation, BUT Magnitude difficult to quantify, depends on many road and watershed characteristics The potential reduction in sediment yields available from road mitigation in large basins has not been quantified. (Goode, et al, 2012) Per mile of road, literature indicates Sediment loads in WA State average 2 tons/year/mile of road Road retrofitting may reduce sediment 50-90%, if ditches are vegetated Value of road retrofitting is most likely $23/year/mile, range of $7-49 Present Value is $197, range of $54-$454 Assuming 1-8 tons per mile, most likely l value of 1.9 tons per mile Assuming life of road retrofitting project of 5 25 years

24 Thank You! Barbara Wyse Cardno ENTRIX Phone:

Arizona s Large Fires Suppression vs. Restoration. WESTCAS Fall 2011 Meeting Bruce Hallin Manager, Water Rights and Contracts October 27, 2011

Arizona s Large Fires Suppression vs. Restoration. WESTCAS Fall 2011 Meeting Bruce Hallin Manager, Water Rights and Contracts October 27, 2011 Arizona s Large Fires Suppression vs. Restoration WESTCAS Fall 2011 Meeting Bruce Hallin Manager, Water Rights and Contracts October 27, 2011 THE PROBLEM Unhealthy Forests Since 2000, at least 1,501,654

More information

Untreated (left) and treated (right) Sierra Nevada forests in Amador County, CA. Photos: Sierra Nevada Conservancy

Untreated (left) and treated (right) Sierra Nevada forests in Amador County, CA. Photos: Sierra Nevada Conservancy Case Study Mokelumne Watershed, CA and Santa Fe, NM Avoided Costs: The Economics of Watershed Restoration Forested headwaters are the source of much of the West s drinking water. Protecting and restoring

More information

OWOW Proposition 84, Round 2 Master Project List

OWOW Proposition 84, Round 2 Master Project List OWOW Proposition 84, Round 2 Master List Name s Recommended for Prop 84 Round 2 Funding 1 2071 Inland Empire Utilities Agency 2 2068 USDA Forest Service San Bernardino National Forest Wineville Regional

More information

Greater Los Angeles County Region

Greater Los Angeles County Region Attachment 6 Greater Los Angeles County Region IRWM Implementation Grant Proposal Monitoring, Assessment, and Attachment 6 consists of the following items: Monitoring, Assessment, and. The purpose of this

More information

ANGORA FIRE RESTORATION PROJECT

ANGORA FIRE RESTORATION PROJECT ANGORA FIRE RESTORATION PROJECT U.S. Forest Service LAKE TAHOE BASIN MANAGEMENT UNIT Duncan Leao Vegetation Management Planner Richard Vacirca Forest Aquatics Biologist 3 PHASES OF FIRE REHAB Phase I Rehab:

More information

Healthy Forests Resilient Water Supply Vibrant Economy. Ecological Restoration Institute

Healthy Forests Resilient Water Supply Vibrant Economy. Ecological Restoration Institute Healthy Forests Resilient Water Supply Vibrant Economy Ecological Restoration Institute How Water Gets to Your Home MOST OF THE VALLEY S WATER SUPPLY comes from winter precipitation and runoff from Arizona

More information

8.0 COST TO BENEFIT ANALYSIS

8.0 COST TO BENEFIT ANALYSIS 8.0 COST TO BENEFIT ANALYSIS A cost-to-benefit analysis (CBA) is often used to evaluate the desirability of a given action or intervention. CBAs use a monetary valuation of costs and benefits, which are

More information

Wildfire & Flash Flood Recovery Emergency Watershed Protection (EWP) Flood Mitigation Efforts April 2014. Fall 2013

Wildfire & Flash Flood Recovery Emergency Watershed Protection (EWP) Flood Mitigation Efforts April 2014. Fall 2013 Wildfire & Flash Flood Recovery Emergency Watershed Protection (EWP) Flood Mitigation Efforts April 2014 Fall 2013 Recovery Specific to Incident Recovery Efforts Depend on: Population Impacted Topography

More information

Local Steps Toward California s Watershed Program

Local Steps Toward California s Watershed Program Local Steps Toward California s Watershed Program Presented by Robert Meacher Plumas County Board of Supervisors Creating a Watershed Moment in a Watershed Movement Planning and Conservation League Legislative

More information

Integrating Landscape Restoration and CWPP

Integrating Landscape Restoration and CWPP Integrating Landscape Restoration and CWPP Two approaches: One or more CWPP embedded in a larger landscape to achieve multiple objectives CWPP that encompasses a larger landscape to achieve multiple objectives

More information

Waldo Canyon Fire. Mark Shea Watershed Planning Supervisor August 23, 2012

Waldo Canyon Fire. Mark Shea Watershed Planning Supervisor August 23, 2012 Mark Shea Watershed Planning Supervisor August 23, 2012 Fire Started: Saturday June 23, 2012 Fire Progression June 23 2500 acres June 24 3600 acres June 25 4500 acres June 26 15622 acres June 27-28

More information

Protecting Water Sources in Southwestern Fire-Adapted Forests by Laura McCarthy, The Nature Conservancy, New Mexico Director of Conservation Programs

Protecting Water Sources in Southwestern Fire-Adapted Forests by Laura McCarthy, The Nature Conservancy, New Mexico Director of Conservation Programs From issue 21 of Forest Wisdom Protecting Water Sources in Southwestern Fire-Adapted Forests by Laura McCarthy, The Nature Conservancy, New Mexico Director of Conservation Programs In the Southwest s fire-adapted

More information

2009 Station Fire. Past. Present. Future. Successes and Challenges in Postfire Recovery

2009 Station Fire. Past. Present. Future. Successes and Challenges in Postfire Recovery 2009 Station Fire Past Present Future Successes and Challenges in Postfire Recovery Jody Noiron, U.S. Forest Service - December 2010 Angeles National Forest Statistics: The most urban National Forest in

More information

HFQLG Project Evaluation Form

HFQLG Project Evaluation Form HFQLG Evaluation Form Names: Watershed Restoration Defensible Fuel Profile Zone Loyalton Pines Wildland Urban Interface Fuels Reduction Types: Watershed Restoration - Implemented pond and plug restoration

More information

Climate Change in the Laguna Watershed: Addressing Hydrologic and Ecologic Impacts. Lorrie Flint and Alan Flint U.S. Geological Survey Sacramento, CA

Climate Change in the Laguna Watershed: Addressing Hydrologic and Ecologic Impacts. Lorrie Flint and Alan Flint U.S. Geological Survey Sacramento, CA Climate Change in the Laguna Watershed: Addressing Hydrologic and Ecologic Impacts Lorrie Flint and Alan Flint U.S. Geological Survey Sacramento, CA Global Warming The increase in the earth s temperature

More information

Wildfire & Flash Flood Recovery NACo Justice & Public Safety Symposium January 2014

Wildfire & Flash Flood Recovery NACo Justice & Public Safety Symposium January 2014 Wildfire & Flash Flood Recovery NACo Justice & Public Safety Symposium January 2014 Fall 2013 Jim Reid Executive Director Public Service El Paso County, Colorado Recovery Specific to Incident Recovery

More information

Increasing water availability through juniper control.

Increasing water availability through juniper control. Tim Deboodt, OSU Crook County Extension Agent 498 SE Lynn Blvd. Prineville, OR 97754 541-447-6228 Tim.deboodt@oregonstate.edu Increasing water availability through juniper control. Throughout the region

More information

Ventura s Future Water Resources

Ventura s Future Water Resources Ventura s Future Water Resources Shana Epstein Ventura Water General Manager Public Workshop #2 October 15, 2013 Agenda Water Resources Report Proposed In- Lieu Fees Next Steps 2013 Comprehensive Water

More information

MONITORING THE RECOVERY OF STREAMS IN THE SAN GABRIEL MOUNTAINS (CA) FOLLOWING THE LARGEST WILDFIRE IN LOS ANGELES COUNTY HISTORY: STATION FIRE - 2009

MONITORING THE RECOVERY OF STREAMS IN THE SAN GABRIEL MOUNTAINS (CA) FOLLOWING THE LARGEST WILDFIRE IN LOS ANGELES COUNTY HISTORY: STATION FIRE - 2009 MONITORING THE RECOVERY OF STREAMS IN THE SAN GABRIEL MOUNTAINS (CA) FOLLOWING THE LARGEST WILDFIRE IN LOS ANGELES COUNTY HISTORY: STATION FIRE - 2009 Karin Patrick, Aquatic Bioassay & Consulting, Inc.

More information

Case Study: The History of the San Juan Headwaters Forest Health Partnership

Case Study: The History of the San Juan Headwaters Forest Health Partnership Case Study: The History of the San Juan Headwaters Forest Health Partnership Introduction: Wildfire is a part of life in Southwest Colorado. It plays an integral role in ecosystem health and management.

More information

HCP Team Meeting. November 18, 2015. icfi.com

HCP Team Meeting. November 18, 2015. icfi.com HCP Team Meeting November 18, 2015 icfi.com 1 Welcome and Introductions Where are we in the HCP process Hydrology modeling update Native fish survey Fish translocation Finalize covered activities Next

More information

2015 GRANTS CLEARINGHOUSE Competitive Grants Program July 2015 Report

2015 GRANTS CLEARINGHOUSE Competitive Grants Program July 2015 Report 2015 GRANTS CLEARINGHOUSE Competitive Grants Program July 2015 Report 2015 HIGHLIGHTS 25 PROJECTS 22 COUNTIES 7,187 ACRES GRANT DOLLARS PROVIDED: $3,358,081 PROJECT MATCH COMMITTED: $4,082,160 California

More information

Water Security in New Mexico: Vision for the Middle Rio Grande and Forested Watersheds. Anne Bradley Forest Conservation Program Manager

Water Security in New Mexico: Vision for the Middle Rio Grande and Forested Watersheds. Anne Bradley Forest Conservation Program Manager Water Security in New Mexico: Vision for the Middle Rio Grande and Forested Watersheds Anne Bradley Forest Conservation Program Manager The Threat of Severe Fires Water Quality Property Damage Sediment

More information

Utah s Forest Stewardship Spatial Analysis Project Methodology 2007

Utah s Forest Stewardship Spatial Analysis Project Methodology 2007 Utah s Forest Stewardship Spatial Analysis Project Methodology 2007 Project Overview This project analyzed and ranked the potential for benefits of forest stewardship practices on private lands in Utah.

More information

Tasks. The NAU watershed modeling team will meet to do the primary forum for researching the

Tasks. The NAU watershed modeling team will meet to do the primary forum for researching the Tasks Task 1 Project Management 1.1 Group Meeting The NAU watershed modeling team will meet to do the primary forum for researching the project early in the semester. For the rest of spring semester 2013,

More information

The Planning Process. 1 O WOW 1.0 Plan Moving Towards Sustainability

The Planning Process. 1 O WOW 1.0 Plan Moving Towards Sustainability The Planning Process The development of this One Water One Watershed (OWOW) 2.0 Plan is built upon the planning process of the past to address the challenges of the future. The first phase of OWOW, known

More information

Testimony of Diane Vosick, Director of Policy and Partnerships

Testimony of Diane Vosick, Director of Policy and Partnerships Testimony of Diane Vosick, Director of Policy and Partnerships The Ecological Restoration Institute, Northern Arizona University http://www.eri.nau.edu/ Before the House Federal Lands Subcommittee April

More information

Attendees: Notes: Affiliation. Boschmann, Nate. Kampf, Stephanie Kovecses, Jen. Rhoades, Chuck Strevey, Hally

Attendees: Notes: Affiliation. Boschmann, Nate. Kampf, Stephanie Kovecses, Jen. Rhoades, Chuck Strevey, Hally CPRW/Co Conservation Exchange Science & Monitoring Team Meeting Tuesday, 9/1/2015 9:00 to 12:00 pm Innosphere Building 320 East Vine Drive Fort Collins, CO North Conference Room Attendees: Notes: Name

More information

FINAL REPORT ON DOT WORKSHOP, Integrating Stream Restoration Principles & Transportation Maintenance

FINAL REPORT ON DOT WORKSHOP, Integrating Stream Restoration Principles & Transportation Maintenance FINAL REPORT ON DOT WORKSHOP, Integrating Stream Restoration Principles & Transportation Maintenance Keystone Restoration Ecology for Stream Dynamics Inc. June 30, 2013 Introduction: This report describes

More information

Chehalis River Basin Flood Damage Reduction 2013-2015 Capital Budget Approved by Legislature in June 2013

Chehalis River Basin Flood Damage Reduction 2013-2015 Capital Budget Approved by Legislature in June 2013 Chehalis River Basin Flood Damage Reduction 2013-2015 Capital Budget Approved by Legislature in June 2013 1. Design alternatives for large capital flood projects (basinlevel water retention and Interstate

More information

DISTRICT VALUES STATEMENTS, GOALS, ACTION ITEMS, AND ONGOING TASKS FOR 2015 Adopted by the Board of Directors December 10, 2014. Values Statements.

DISTRICT VALUES STATEMENTS, GOALS, ACTION ITEMS, AND ONGOING TASKS FOR 2015 Adopted by the Board of Directors December 10, 2014. Values Statements. DISTRICT VALUES STATEMENTS, GOALS, ACTION ITEMS, AND ONGOING TASKS FOR 2015 Adopted by the Board of Directors December 10, 2014 Values Statements. The Board opposes any new transfers of water from the

More information

Communities and Fire Restoration. The Role of Communities in Restoring Fire as a Natural Process

Communities and Fire Restoration. The Role of Communities in Restoring Fire as a Natural Process Communities and Fire Restoration The Role of Communities in Restoring Fire as a Natural Process Overview 1. Frequent fire regimes dominate approximately 65% of the lower 48 states, although regional variations

More information

Restoration Planning and Development of a Restoration Bank

Restoration Planning and Development of a Restoration Bank Restoration Planning and Development of a Restoration Bank Black Creek Pioneer Village, South Theatre 8:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. Habitat Restoration and Environmental Monitoring Projects Section Restoration

More information

Hayman Restoration Partnership

Hayman Restoration Partnership TREASURED LANDSCAPES, UNFORGETTABLE EXPERIENCES Hayman Restoration Partnership Post-Fire Restoration of the Hayman Fire Burn Area Pike National Forest, Colorado 2009-2014 Final Site Report Partners Supporters

More information

DRAFT. USDA NRCS Conservation Practices that Maintain or Enhance Agriculture Viability and Critical Areas

DRAFT. USDA NRCS Conservation Practices that Maintain or Enhance Agriculture Viability and Critical Areas USDA NRCS Conservation Practices that Maintain or Enhance Agriculture Viability and Critical Areas Wetlands Areas that are inundated or saturated by surface water or groundwater supporting a prevalence

More information

FIELD AND ANALYSIS PARTICIPANTS

FIELD AND ANALYSIS PARTICIPANTS Natural Resources Conservation Service Jonas Feinstein: 720.544.2839 State Office jonas.feinstein@co.usda.gov Denver Federal Center Building 56, Room 2604 PO Box 25426 Denver, CO 80225 SUBJECT: Damage

More information

WORKSHOP SUMMARY REPORT 1

WORKSHOP SUMMARY REPORT 1 Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment & Adaptation Strategies for Sierra Nevada Resources Sierra Nevada Workshop Series October 14-17, 2014 WORKSHOP SUMMARY REPORT 1 Photo: ESA 1 Authors: Jessi Kershner

More information

Monitoring Hydrological Changes Related to Western Juniper Removal: A Paired Watershed Approach

Monitoring Hydrological Changes Related to Western Juniper Removal: A Paired Watershed Approach Monitoring Hydrological Changes Related to Western Juniper Removal: A Paired Watershed Approach T.L. Deboodt, M.P. Fisher, J.C. Buckhouse, John Swanson Abstract Since 1934, western juniper has increased

More information

San Diego Integrated Regional Water Management Implementation Grant Proposal Economic Analysis Flood Damage Reduction Costs and Benefits

San Diego Integrated Regional Water Management Implementation Grant Proposal Economic Analysis Flood Damage Reduction Costs and Benefits Attachment 9 San Diego Integrated Regional Water Management Economic Analysis Flood Damage Reduction Costs and Benefits Attachment 9 consists of the following items: Flood Damage Reduction Costs and Benefits.

More information

NAPA COUNTY WATERSHED SYMPOSIUM

NAPA COUNTY WATERSHED SYMPOSIUM Planning, Building, and Environmental Services NAPA VALLEY GROWTH NAPA COUNTY WATERSHED SYMPOSIUM Plunging Forward May 15, 2015 1 YOU CAN T CROSS THE SEA MERELY BY STANDING AND STARING AT THE WATER. Rabindranath

More information

State Water Resources Control Board Drought Emergency Conservation Urban Wholesaler Supply Reliability Analysis Revised June 24, 2016

State Water Resources Control Board Drought Emergency Conservation Urban Wholesaler Supply Reliability Analysis Revised June 24, 2016 State Water Resources Control Board Drought Emergency Conservation Urban Wholesaler Supply Reliability Analysis Revised June 24, 2016 Wholesale Agency: Contact Information: Calleguas Municipal Water District

More information

Colorado Wildfires & Flash Floods

Colorado Wildfires & Flash Floods Colorado Wildfires & Flash Floods Brian Varrella, P.E., CFM Floodplain Administrator & High Park Fire Specialist Fort Collins, Colorado 970-416-2217 bvarrella@fcgov.com @COriverdude 1 Photo: Varrella,

More information

Peters Canyon Channel (OCFCD Facility No. F06) from Confluence with San Diego Creek Channel (F05) to downstream Barranca Parkway

Peters Canyon Channel (OCFCD Facility No. F06) from Confluence with San Diego Creek Channel (F05) to downstream Barranca Parkway Peters Canyon Channel (OCFCD Facility. F06) from Lead Agency: Agency: Project Director: Address: Orange County, Public Works, Infrastructure Programs, Capital Programs Sam Ali 300 N. Flower Street Santa

More information

Challenges. Estimated Damages from 100-Year Flood

Challenges. Estimated Damages from 100-Year Flood Suffield Suffield is a rural community located along the Massachusetts border. It encompasses about 42.2 square miles and has a population of about 15,735. Suffield s terrain rises from an elevation of

More information

Flash Flood Science. Chapter 2. What Is in This Chapter? Flash Flood Processes

Flash Flood Science. Chapter 2. What Is in This Chapter? Flash Flood Processes Chapter 2 Flash Flood Science A flash flood is generally defined as a rapid onset flood of short duration with a relatively high peak discharge (World Meteorological Organization). The American Meteorological

More information

2012 Program Report. Agricultural Group Drainage Program

2012 Program Report. Agricultural Group Drainage Program 2012 Program Report Agricultural Group Drainage Program Accomplishments: It was a successful year for the drainage program. We were able to complete two new projects and seven maintenance projects throughout

More information

Multi-Jurisdictional Hazard Mitigation Plan

Multi-Jurisdictional Hazard Mitigation Plan Flooding General Flooding is the leading cause of death among all types of natural disasters throughout the United States, with its ability to roll boulders the size of cars, tear out trees, and destroy

More information

Greater Los Angeles County Region Attachment 3

Greater Los Angeles County Region Attachment 3 Introduction The (Project) includes improvement of three existing Los Angeles County Flood Control District facilities and the construction of a new interconnecting pipeline. The existing facilities are

More information

Walla Walla Bi state Stream Flow Enhancement Study Interim Progress Report. Department of Ecology Grant No. G1400656.

Walla Walla Bi state Stream Flow Enhancement Study Interim Progress Report. Department of Ecology Grant No. G1400656. Walla Walla Bi state Stream Flow Enhancement Study Interim Progress Report Department of Ecology Grant No. G1400656 Submitted by: Walla Walla Watershed Management Partnership Walla Walla, WA Walla Walla

More information

Your Defensible Space Slideshow

Your Defensible Space Slideshow Your Defensible Space Slideshow Red = Trees to Remove Your Defensible Space Slideshow This slideshow was created to highlight actions you can take to dramatically improve the chances of your home surviving

More information

Background research on the topic of urban forestry is intended to

Background research on the topic of urban forestry is intended to overview urban forestry Urban Forestry Background research on the topic of urban forestry is intended to help guide the task of integrating trees and urban forestry goals and aspirations into the Portland

More information

Peter F. Ffolliottl and Malchus B. Baker, Jr.2

Peter F. Ffolliottl and Malchus B. Baker, Jr.2 LABOR DAY STORM OF 1970 REVISITED 30 YEARS LATER Peter F. Ffolliottl and Malchus B. Baker, Jr.2 The 1970 Labor Day storm caused more loss of human life than any other storm in Arizona's recent history.

More information

Carney Lake Sub-Basin Assessment Report

Carney Lake Sub-Basin Assessment Report Carney Lake Sub-Basin Assessment Report Prepared for Ueland Tree Farm, LLC 16419 Maplewild Avenue SW Seattle, WA 98166 Prepared by Parametrix 4660 Kitsap Way, Suite A Bremerton, WA 98312-2357 360-377-0014

More information

May 9, 2005. Draft Environmental Impact Statement for Power Fire Restoration Project (CEQ# 050111)

May 9, 2005. Draft Environmental Impact Statement for Power Fire Restoration Project (CEQ# 050111) UNITED STATES ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REGION IX 75 Hawthorne Street San Francisco, CA 94105 John Berry Forest Supervisor Eldorado National Forest 100 Forni Road Placerville, CA. 95667 May 9, 2005

More information

What is A Triple Bottom Line Economic Analysis of Improving Urban River Quality?

What is A Triple Bottom Line Economic Analysis of Improving Urban River Quality? What is A Triple Bottom Line Economic Analysis of Improving Urban River Quality? Leland Deck, Ph.D. Managing Economist Stratus Consulting Inc. Washington, DC Prepared for: Anacostia River Business Summit

More information

Meeting Water Needs through Investing in Nature

Meeting Water Needs through Investing in Nature Meeting Water Needs through Investing in Nature Water & the Future Key Challenges Aging and vulnerable infrastructure Degraded water quality Drought Growing demands for water Increased frequency of extreme

More information

7.0 Stream Restoration

7.0 Stream Restoration 7.0 Stream Restoration 7.1 Issue Statements One of the primary concerns of residents in the Bassett Creek watershed is the maintenance of the natural beauty of the creek in residential and recreational

More information

URBAN STORMWATER GUIDELINES AND BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR PROTECTION OF FISH AND FISH HABITAT DRAFT DISCUSSION DOCUMENT

URBAN STORMWATER GUIDELINES AND BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR PROTECTION OF FISH AND FISH HABITAT DRAFT DISCUSSION DOCUMENT URBAN STORMWATER GUIDELINES AND BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR PROTECTION OF FISH AND FISH HABITAT DRAFT DISCUSSION DOCUMENT Contacts: Barry Chilibeck (666-3765) or Megan Sterling (666-2322) Revision 4

More information

Appendix A. Lists of Accomplishments and Project Costs. UMRWD 10 Year Plan Update. Appendix A UPPER MINNESOTA RIVER WATERSHED DISTRICT

Appendix A. Lists of Accomplishments and Project Costs. UMRWD 10 Year Plan Update. Appendix A UPPER MINNESOTA RIVER WATERSHED DISTRICT UPPER MINNESOTA RIVER WATERSHED DISTRICT Lists of Accomplishments and Project Costs 10 Year Plan Update UMRWD 10 Year Plan Update Page A 1 UMRWD LIST OF ACCOMPLISHMENTS Since its inception in 1967, the

More information

LOS ANGELES COUNTY S FLOODING HISTORY:

LOS ANGELES COUNTY S FLOODING HISTORY: LOS ANGELES COUNTY S FLOODING HISTORY: Since 1975, Los Angeles County has experienced twelve federally, declared flood disasters, with three of those disasters coming under El Niño conditions (1983, 1998,

More information

5.14 Floodplains and Drainage/Hydrology

5.14 Floodplains and Drainage/Hydrology I-70 East Final EIS 5.14 Floodplains and Drainage/Hydrology 5.14 Floodplains and Drainage/Hydrology This section discusses floodplain and drainage/hydrology resources and explains why they are important

More information

FRONT RANGE WATERSHED PROTECTION DATA REFINEMENT WORK GROUP

FRONT RANGE WATERSHED PROTECTION DATA REFINEMENT WORK GROUP FRON RANGE WAERSHED PROECION DAA REFINEMEN WORK GROUP PROECING CRIICAL WAERSHEDS IN COLORADO FROM WILDFIRE: A ECHNICAL APPROACH O WAERSHED ASSESSMEN AND PRIORIIZAION EXECUIVE SUMMARY FEBRUARY 2009 PROECING

More information

Los Angeles District. (CA-46), Calvert (CA-44), Baca (CA-43), Sanchez (CA-47), Sen. Feinstein, Sen. Boxer Project Manager: Tom Bucklew

Los Angeles District. (CA-46), Calvert (CA-44), Baca (CA-43), Sanchez (CA-47), Sen. Feinstein, Sen. Boxer Project Manager: Tom Bucklew Santa Ana Mainstem Major Features FY-11 Los Angeles District Project Management Division Appropriation/Phase: Construction General Business Line: Flood Risk Management Local Sponsors: San Bernardino, Riverside

More information

Gettysburg Adams Chamber of Commerce Storm Water Management

Gettysburg Adams Chamber of Commerce Storm Water Management Gettysburg Adams Chamber of Commerce Storm Water Management Table of Contents Section 1 Section 2 Section 3 Section 4 Section 5 Section 6 Section 7 Introduction Understanding Location and Landscape 2.1

More information

Final Report. Dixie Creek Restoration Project. Funded by Plumas Watershed Forum

Final Report. Dixie Creek Restoration Project. Funded by Plumas Watershed Forum Final Report Dixie Creek Restoration Project Funded by Plumas Watershed Forum Plumas Corporation January 2009 1 Background FR-CRM staff presented this project to the Dixie Valley Landowners Association

More information

Chagrin River Watershed Partners, Inc. Cost Analysis of Low Impact Development Best Management Practices

Chagrin River Watershed Partners, Inc. Cost Analysis of Low Impact Development Best Management Practices Chagrin River Watershed Partners, Inc. Cost Analysis of Low Impact Development Best Management Practices Amy H. Brennan (440) 975-3870 www.crwp.org abrennan@crwp.org Chagrin River Watershed Partners Formed

More information

EROSION. Prepared by. Integrated. August 2014 COMMON GROUND. www.ierstahoe.com

EROSION. Prepared by. Integrated. August 2014 COMMON GROUND. www.ierstahoe.com SKY BASIN (UPPER CA 1 WATERSHED) EROSION ASSESSMENT Prepared by Kevin Drake, CPESC Integrated Environmental Restoration Services, Inc. August 2014 COMMON GROUND UNCOMMON SOLUTIONS P.O. BOX 7559 2780 LAKE

More information

Pervious Pavers. By: Rich Lahren. Hebron Brick & Block Supply

Pervious Pavers. By: Rich Lahren. Hebron Brick & Block Supply Pervious Pavers By: Rich Lahren Hebron Brick & Block Supply Stormwater Management and Control Issues Past emphasis was on flood control Today s emphasis is also on pollution More impermeable areas are

More information

Clean Water Services. Ecosystems Services Case Study: Tualatin River, Washington

Clean Water Services. Ecosystems Services Case Study: Tualatin River, Washington Viewed broadly, the concept of ecosystem services describes the many resources and services provided by nature. Typically, traditional planning and development practices do not adequately represent the

More information

Plumas Watershed Forum. Review of Ongoing Projects. Updated 10/1/008

Plumas Watershed Forum. Review of Ongoing Projects. Updated 10/1/008 Plumas Watershed Forum Review of Ongoing Projects Updated 10/1/008 Hosselkus II Restoration Project Approved Funding: $80,000 (A funds) Expended By 10/1/08: $79,603 This pond-and-plug creek restoration

More information

18 voting members 44 stakeholders 114 email list. Senators: Wyden & Merkley Representative DeFazio

18 voting members 44 stakeholders 114 email list. Senators: Wyden & Merkley Representative DeFazio 18 voting members 44 stakeholders 114 email list Senators: Wyden & Merkley Representative DeFazio State Representative Krieger State Senators: Roblan, Johnson, and Kruse Governor Brown s office County

More information

Fairfax County Stormwater- Program Management Case Study

Fairfax County Stormwater- Program Management Case Study Striking the Right Balance VWEA Stormwater Committee Spring Conference Fairfax County Stormwater- Program Management Case Study Department of Public Works and Environmental Services Working for You! A

More information

1. Authorize staff to pursue State Stormwater Flood Management Grant Funding for San Ramon Canyon Stabilization Project.

1. Authorize staff to pursue State Stormwater Flood Management Grant Funding for San Ramon Canyon Stabilization Project. MEMORANDUM CITY OF RANCHO PALOS VERDES TO: FROM: DATE: HONORABLE MAYOR & CITY COUNCIL MEMBERS RAY HOLLAND, DIRECTOR OF PUBLIC WORKS ~ MARCH 1, 2011 SUBJECT: CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENTOF WATER RESOURCES STORMWATER

More information

Angeles National Forest Fiscal Year 2012

Angeles National Forest Fiscal Year 2012 United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Region October 2013 Angeles National Forest Fiscal Year 2012 Land Management Plan Monitoring and Evaluation Report III. Land Management

More information

Chapter 2 Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan (SWPPP) for Park Operations

Chapter 2 Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan (SWPPP) for Park Operations SWPPP for Park Operations 2 Chapter 2 Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan (SWPPP) for Park Operations Bordered by Lake Washington & Lake Sammamish, the City of Bellevue has more than 60 miles of streams,

More information

3. The submittal shall include a proposed scope of work to confirm the provided project description;

3. The submittal shall include a proposed scope of work to confirm the provided project description; QIN Shoreline Master Program Project Summary The Shoreline Master Program (SMP) development process for the Quinault Indian Nation (QIN) includes the completion of inventory and analysis report with corresponding

More information

Mitigating Post-Fire Runoff from the Schultz Fire. ASCE/ASHE 2015 Annual State Conference

Mitigating Post-Fire Runoff from the Schultz Fire. ASCE/ASHE 2015 Annual State Conference Mitigating Post-Fire Runoff from the Schultz Fire ASCE/ASHE 2015 Annual State Conference Revisiting the Schultz Fire Burned ~15,000 acres (23.4 sm) in June/July 2010 2 Revisiting the Schultz Fire Burn

More information

4. Environmental Impacts Assessment and Remediation Targets

4. Environmental Impacts Assessment and Remediation Targets 4. Environmental Impacts Assessment and Remediation Targets 4.1 Environmental Impacts Significant additional development in the Alder Creek watershed is not anticipated at this time; however, there are

More information

River Restoration Activities in the Rio Grande Canalization Flood Control Project. Upper Rio Grande Citizens Forum Elizabeth Verdecchia July 19, 2012

River Restoration Activities in the Rio Grande Canalization Flood Control Project. Upper Rio Grande Citizens Forum Elizabeth Verdecchia July 19, 2012 River Restoration Activities in the Rio Grande Canalization Flood Control Project Upper Rio Grande Citizens Forum Elizabeth Verdecchia July 19, 2012 Rio Grande Canalization Flood Control Project Canalization

More information

Flood Risk Management

Flood Risk Management Flood Risk Management Value of Flood Risk Management Every year floods sweep through communities across the United States taking lives, destroying property, shutting down businesses, harming the environment

More information

Flood Risk Management

Flood Risk Management Flood Risk Management Value of Flood Risk Management Value to Individuals and Communities Every year floods sweep through communities across the United States taking lives, destroying property, shutting

More information

CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION. Background

CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION. Background CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION Background California State Law requires each county to adopt a General Plan for the physical development of the county and any land outside its boundaries which bears relation

More information

Beaver Creek Resort Proposed Action April 12, 2010

Beaver Creek Resort Proposed Action April 12, 2010 Beaver Creek Resort Proposed Action April 12, 2010 The Holy Cross District of the White River National Forest (WRNF) is proposing a forest health and fuel reduction project on National Forest System lands

More information

Sims Bayou Federal Flood Damage Reduction Project

Sims Bayou Federal Flood Damage Reduction Project Sims Bayou Federal Flood Damage Reduction Project A. Gene Rushing, Jr., P.E., PMP HCFCD Project Manager January 15, 2014 Harris County s Watersheds Historical Flooding in Harris County 1929 1935 HCFCD

More information

100 YEARS OF RUNOFF MANAGEMENT IN SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA

100 YEARS OF RUNOFF MANAGEMENT IN SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA 100 YEARS OF RUNOFF MANAGEMENT IN SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA By John Hogan, P.E. Past-President LA Section and Member 2013 Centennial Committee Civil Engineers help build a better world. The work we do directly

More information

DROUGHT RESPONSE WORKSHOP OCTOBER 8, 2013

DROUGHT RESPONSE WORKSHOP OCTOBER 8, 2013 CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF WATER RESOURCES NATIONAL WATER RESEARCH INSTITUTE DROUGHT RESPONSE WORKSHOP OCTOBER 8, 2013 PRESENTER BIOGRAPHIES Statewide Water Conditions and Preparing for a Potentially Dry

More information

Streambank stabilization, streambank fencing, nuisance species control, riparian zone management

Streambank stabilization, streambank fencing, nuisance species control, riparian zone management Streambank stabilization, streambank fencing, nuisance species control, riparian zone management Stream Restoration Cost Estimates BRIAN BAIR USDA Forest Service Gifford-Pinchot National Forest 1262 Hemlock

More information

Monitoring of Forest Thinning Treatments and Wildfire Effects on Forest and Watershed Health in the Manzano Mountains, New Mexico

Monitoring of Forest Thinning Treatments and Wildfire Effects on Forest and Watershed Health in the Manzano Mountains, New Mexico Monitoring of Forest Thinning Treatments and Wildfire Effects on Forest and Watershed Health in the Manzano Mountains, New Mexico By David Lightfoot, Victoria Amato, and Cody Stropki SWCA Environmental

More information

COLORADO FRONT RANGE FLOOD OF 2013:

COLORADO FRONT RANGE FLOOD OF 2013: USDA NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE COLORADO COLORADO FRONT RANGE FLOOD OF 2013: Peak Flow Estimates at Selected Mountain Stream Locations December 2013 James Creek in Jamestown North Fork of the

More information

AKA The Water Cycle Continuous circulation of water in environment

AKA The Water Cycle Continuous circulation of water in environment Water Cycle & Watersheds The Hydrologic Cycle AKA The Water Cycle Continuous circulation of water in environment The Hydrologic Cycle Driven by the energy sun & gravity Series of complex processes and

More information

LEAGUE NOTES ON APPROVED COMMUNITY WATER SUPPLY PLAN

LEAGUE NOTES ON APPROVED COMMUNITY WATER SUPPLY PLAN 1 AUGUST 2011 LEAGUE NOTES ON APPROVED COMMUNITY WATER SUPPLY PLAN KEY ELEMENTS OF THE PLAN: 1. Replace the existing unsafe Ragged Mountain dam with a new dam and raise the reservoir pool level initially

More information

LOCAL SOLUTIONS TO MINIMIZING THE IMPACT OF LAND USE CHANGE

LOCAL SOLUTIONS TO MINIMIZING THE IMPACT OF LAND USE CHANGE LOCAL SOLUTIONS TO MINIMIZING THE IMPACT OF LAND USE CHANGE Abstract Kyle Dreyfuss-Wells Chagrin River Watershed Partners, Inc. Willoughby, Ohio This presentation introduces the Chagrin River Watershed

More information

Decision Making Case Studies Incorporating Ecosystem Services: Land Development Examples. Mark Rockel

Decision Making Case Studies Incorporating Ecosystem Services: Land Development Examples. Mark Rockel Decision Making Case Studies Incorporating Ecosystem Services: Land Development Examples Mark Rockel 1 Private Interest vs. Public Interest Value Typically real estate appraisers estimate lower wetland

More information

Use of Green Roofs to Meet New Development Runoff Requirements. Greg Davis Nov. 8, 2007

Use of Green Roofs to Meet New Development Runoff Requirements. Greg Davis Nov. 8, 2007 Use of Green Roofs to Meet New Development Runoff Requirements Greg Davis Nov. 8, 2007 Why green roof? Absorption of precipitation Increased insulation Reduced urban heat island effect Pollutant removal

More information

URBAN DRAINAGE CRITERIA

URBAN DRAINAGE CRITERIA URBAN DRAINAGE CRITERIA I. Introduction This division contains guidelines for drainage system design and establishes a policy for recognized and established engineering design of storm drain facilities

More information

Eric Strecker, PE Geosyntec Consultants Portland, OR USA.

Eric Strecker, PE Geosyntec Consultants Portland, OR USA. Eric Strecker, PE Geosyntec Consultants Portland, OR USA 1 estrecker@geosyntec.com New Development and Re-Development Most larger Cities have requirements for new and redevelopment SUDs. US Terms: BMPs

More information

APPENDIX B. PRO-RATA SHARE PROGRAM EVALUATION

APPENDIX B. PRO-RATA SHARE PROGRAM EVALUATION APPENDIX B. PRO-RATA SHARE PROGRAM EVALUATION B.1 Introduction Across the United States, municipalities utilize mechanisms such as storm water utilities and pro rata share programs to fund activities required

More information

A Developer s Guide: Watershed-Wise Development

A Developer s Guide: Watershed-Wise Development A Developer s Guide: Watershed-Wise Development Environmental Protection What is a watershed? It does not matter how far away you build from a creek, lake, or the ocean, you are in a watershed. Another

More information

Chapter Nine, Drainage Subelement City of St. Petersburg Comprehensive Plan

Chapter Nine, Drainage Subelement City of St. Petersburg Comprehensive Plan DRAINAGE SUBELEMENT Chapter Nine, Drainage Subelement Sections: 9.3.1 INTRODUCTION 9.3.2 GOALS, OBJECTIVES AND POLICIES ISSUE: Adoption of a level of service standard for drainage (Quantity) ISSUE: Rehab/Upgrade

More information

County Watersheds. Total Project Cost - $11.1 M. Project Description. Funding Sources. Project Milestones. Service Impact

County Watersheds. Total Project Cost - $11.1 M. Project Description. Funding Sources. Project Milestones. Service Impact County Watersheds Total Project Cost - $11.1 M Project Description These funds are for watershed capital projects throughout the County. Projects can include stream restoration, best management practices

More information