Bryn Mawr College Tree Tour

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Bryn Mawr College Tree Tour"

Transcription

1 Bryn Mawr College Tree Tour

2 Bryn Mawr College Tree Tour

3 1 The Scotch Elm tree is a massive shade tree that can grow from eighty to one hundred feet. This dark green tree appears light underneath and feels rough to the touch. The Scotch Elm is a native of Western Asia and Central Europe. This tree has been known to live to five hundred years old. The Scotch Elm is typically planted in urban areas of Northern America because it flourishes from moist soil and high humidity. * Our Scotch Elm received the Pennsylvania state champion title in 2007.

4 2 The Common Black Gum tree is medium sized and has dark grey bark that becomes furrowed and scaled as it grows older. The Black Gum has very tiny greenish-white flowers that become apparent in the months of May and June. The Black Gum is used as an ornamental tree in parks and gardens and can be found mostly in eastern North America. This tree acts as a food source for migrating birds that come in the fall. The birds are attracted to its bright color and they feed from the trees fruit. This tree is also very important to wildlife because as the limbs of the Black Gum deteriorate, the holes make great homes for animals like squirrels and raccoons.

5 3 The American Holly is a medium sized evergreen tree that bares light grey bark. The American Holly is usually an ornamental plant that is known to be a popular Christmas decoration. This tree has dense, dark, green leaves and it blooms small white flowers. Typically only the female Holly trees have the signature red berries. American Holly resonates in English literature to symbolize merry and cheer. The first record of scientific observation of the Holly Tree dates all the way back to 1744.

6 4 A medium to large deciduous coniferous tree which is very tolerant to cold temperatures as low as -58 degrees fairenheit.

7 5 Horse Chestnut is a woody plant which grows up to 50' - 75' feet in height. It has an oval, rounded shape and can tolerate in many different types of soils. Horse Chestnut s flower is white and has a yellow and red tint at their base; it is beautiful tree to plant in a large open spaces. It grows well under full sun, partial shade. This tree is very old, and was there when Wyndham was built. This specimen was planted after building additions were added to Wyndham in 1890s making it about 120 years old.

8 6 The Sweet Gum tree is at tree widely known for it's beauty and colorful leaves throughout the seasons. It is characterized by distinctive starshaped leaves with five to seven lobes. They range from green in the summer, to yellow, red, purple, and orange in the fall. They are also an extremely tall tree -- growing to up to 100 feet when fully mature. The fruit of a Sweet Gum tree is small, spiny, and circular, and are sometimes referred to as "gumballs". Interestingly enough, the sweet gum tree receives it's name due to it's brownish-yellow sap, that can sometimes be used as a chewing gum. The Sweet Gum tree is located on the Erdman Walkway, right in front of the Helfarian House.

9 7 A large coniferous tree very common to low-nutrient black water areas of Southeastern United States. Sixteen Bald Cypress were planted along the entrance drive to Erdman in the mid 1960s.

10 8 The Blue Spruce or Colorado Blue Spruce is a medium-sized evergreen tree. This species reaches heights from feet at maturity and are often used for Christmas trees. Their needles are silvery blue to a dull, bluish gray and emit a resinous odor when crushed. They are slow-growing trees and may reach ages of years!

11 9 The Norway Spruce is an evergreen conifer that prefers cool, moist environments. It grows quickly, and can reach up to 80 feet in height. It has dark green needles that point down along the twigs, making it easier to grasp. As the tree ages, the dense, little branches hang straight down for several feet and are called skirts.

12 10 The Sycamore tree is an easily distinguished tree by its tendency to mottled bark that flakes off in great chunks. This is due to the growing trunk stretching and splitting its bark that lacks elasticity. Sycamores can reach up to feet high with diameters between feet. The tree s fruit is a small, woody ball that ripens in October and persists through winter.

13 11 The Willow Oak is a deciduous tree native to the eastern United States. It is a tree that has both willow and oak characteristics it is part of the red oak family, growing very tall (from feet), yet also has willow-like leaves, which are light to bright green in the summer, and yellowy gold and brown in the fall. Willow oaks are fast-growing, long-lived trees that provide food for many animals, from ducks and deer to red-headed woodpeckers and flying squirrels. It is considered to be a very handsome tree, and is sometimes considered to be one of the most beautiful trees planted in Washington D.C., which is a city known for it s beautiful foliage. On campus, this tree is located near Cartref.

14 12 The Weeping Hemlock (Tsuga canadensis 'Pendula') is a slow growing ornamental evergreen that forms a dense and graceful mound and a rather shallow root system more wide than tall (10-15 feet in height and 30 feet in width) whose overlapping pendulous branches may conceal a rather contorted trunk. It is a tree constituted of multiple layers, with horizontal branches, each of which is covered with smaller weeping branches. These smaller branches are encased in lustrous short dark green needles and small cones which depend upon the short stalks. Having the ability to tolerate a large amount of shade, particularly when they are young, these trees thrive in moist, well-drained soil from anything from full sun to full shade. Helfarian s hemlock forms a cascade of green providing refuge for squirrels and birds during the winter snows.

15 13 A pine tree native of Mediterranean forests. Now used globally as an ornamental tree because it can thrive in wide ranges of soils.

16 14 This tree is recognizable through its firmly lobed but finely cut leaves, which give it a delicate fern-like appearance. These lacy leaves turn a beautiful gold in the fall. This Cut Leaf Beech is the class tree of the Bryn Mawr Class of 1958.

17 15 Honey Locust trees are particularly ideal for the College setting. These hardy trees can adapt to many different soil conditions and allow enough light to favor growth below, while their fragrant seed pods are consumed by many different kinds of wildlife. Though these trees are also known to tolerate a great deal of pollution, Honey Locusts can thrive without the presence of such here, as Bryn Mawr provides one of the most environmentally-friendly spaces among other colleges.

18 16 The Japanese maple is well known for its showy display of the entire spectrum of spring to fall coloration. It is a smaller tree, growing to be about feet tall. Japanese Maples are native to Japan, Korea, and China, and introduced into the United States in the 1800 s. In Japan, this tree is sometimes referred to as momiji. This term has a dual meaning; Baby s hand, which is fitting because the leaves of a Japanese maple spread out symmetrically from a central point like the fingers on the palm of a hand, and also becomes crimson leaves, because of the beautiful coloration exhibited by the leaves. Its scientific name, Atropurpureum, actually means dark purple. Still, they are prized as much for their bright orange and red fall foliage as for their versatility it thrives in welldrained soil in the Southeast and in warmer areas of New England, and can be grown as bonsai, shrubs, or full-size trees depending on the situation.

19 17 White Oak trees are magnificent broad topped oaks that are native to eastern North America. Capable of achieving considerable loft and girth up to 85 ft, the White oaks are majestic and can live for up to 600 years. It blooms once in May, when the leaves are 1/3 grown, and produces yellow staminate flowers about 2-3 inches long. White oak trees are excellent shade providers due to their far reaching branches that lay nearly parallel to the ground. During end of spring, students enjoy doing homework while lying out under the trees. The white oak is also the official tree for the class of 1960 and 1905.

20 18 Also known as common red oak, is widespread in the East and grows on a variety of soils and topography, often forming pure stands. Moderate to fast growing, this tree is one of the more important lumber species of red oak and is an easily transplanted, popular shade tree with good form and dense foliage.

21 19 The stately pendant Linden Tree (Tilia petiolaris), an ornamental shade tree, has a dense canopy of broad dark green leaves, slightly heart-shaped, with evenly spaced teeth around the edges. Each leaf s underside is covered with small white downy hairs which cause a silvery sheen, especially in summer breezes. Sadly, most students miss this tree s tour-de-force. In late June-early July, clusters of small yellow-white flowers bloom and their honey suckle aroma spreads from Thomas to Taylor and beyond. Swarms of honeybees (before their drastic 2006 decline) would flock to the silver linden, becoming intoxicated by its nectar. This tree, planted in the college s central ceremonial core annually witnesses May Day festivities and other college events.

22 20 The Scholar Tree is a medium sized deciduous tree (10-20m tall) native to China and Korea. It develops into a round canopy with lustrous leaves that stay green even when they begin to fall in autumn. The yellowish-white flower blooms are bright and showy in the late summer time which indicates that it is between years old. Along with its blooms, it produces a green elongated pod-like fruit. It is particularly fond of open, sunny locations and is very tolerant in most conditions including drought and the pests. The Scholar tree, also known as the Pagoda tree gets its name from tradition of being planted around Buddhist temples. In folklore, it is said that a cowherd once built a home out of this species of tree. Within a month his entire family was suddenly found dead. It was therefore believed that demons are drawn to this tree and it is therefore not appropriate to use its wood to build homes. In addition, in the wild, other species of tree rarely grow near it.

23 21 The Kwanzan Tree is a species of cherry tree native to Japan, Korea and China. It is known for the cherry blossoms it grows in the spring that are used in many festivals. The Kwanzan tree can reach up to 12 meters in height and the double flowers are a beautiful pink. In 1912, Tokyo gave a Kwanza tree as a gift to the city of Washington.

24 22 The American Beech is a species of beech native to eastern North America. It is a deciduous tree growing to 20 35m tall during its lifetime. The tree is monoecious, with flowers of both sexes on the same tree. The fruit is a small, sharply-angled nut which serves as a source of food for numerous animals. The American Beech is an important tree in forestry because of its very hard wood.

25 23 The Weeping Beech is a deciduous tree that blooms in the Spring. Its scientific name is Fagus Sylvatica Pendula. In 1847, Samuel Parsons brought the first Weeping Beech tree to the United States from Europe. It was his son Samuel Parsons Jr. who introduced it to the Bryn Mawr Campus. In order to commemorate the Weeping Beech tree, it was made the class tree of the class of 1938.

26 24 The Copper Beech tree is a slow growing deciduous tree, also known as the Bloodleaved Tree. Its leaves can range in color from purple to copper and flowers in the spring. It usually grows to about 50 feet tall and can be 50 feet wide. The Copper Beech is native to Europe. In 2007 the Copper Beech tree was nominated by Greg Nichols to be a Champion Tree of Pennsylvania and was awarded the title of Champion Tree that same year. This tree had a height of 66.1 feet in It is also the class tree of the class of * Ranks #3 in the Pennsylvania state champion listing.

27 25 The Burr Oak tree s scientific name is Quercus macrocarpa. This type of tree grows acorns and Catkins flowers. Although this tree grows slowly, it usually reaches a height of feet. Its root system is very complex and can often spread downward twice the height of the tree.

28 26 Mazzard Cherry trees are deciduous, having leaves turn red, orange, and pink in the fall before they fall. They bear both fruit (cherries) and flowers in the springtime, coinciding with the festivities of Bryn Mawr s May Day tradition. It is one of the many varieties of cherry trees found on Bryn Mawr s campus. This particular Mazzard Cherry is more than 200 years old. Many Bryn Mawr students enjoy climbing this tree on warm days due to its low branches and the view overlooking the Labyrinth and the playing fields. * Ranks #2 in the Pennsylvania state champion listing 2010.

29 27 The Amur Corktree originates in Asia, but is now very popular elsewhere due to its large size and ornate features. This tree has thick, corklike bark and bares large branches. Its twigs bud small flowers and this tree can grow up to 40 to 50 feet. Aside from budding small flowers, the female corktree can grow clusters of black berries. One unique fact about the Amur Corktree is that it is so adaptive to different soils that it can also adapt to pollution and droughts. * This specimen was given the title of Pennsylvania state champion in 2007.

30 28 This vibrantly colored evergreen has the scientific name of Chamaecyparis pisifera which translates to pea bearing low-growing Cypress, which refers to its small cones. If it gets enough sun, the Japanese Falsecypress will retain its bright golden color all year. It is often planted to add year-round color to a garden and it is also used for timber.

31 29 The Hinoki Cypress Tree is a bright green tree that can reach anywhere from feet tall. Its scientific name is Chamaecyparis optusa. This is one of the most valuable timber trees in Japan, and is often used during construction.

32 30 The Weeping Hemlock (Tsuga canadensis 'Pendula') is a slow growing ornamental evergreen that forms a dense and graceful mound and a rather shallow root system more wide than tall (10-15 feet in height and 30 feet in width) whose overlapping pendulous branches may conceal a rather contorted trunk. It is a tree constituted of multiple layers, with horizontal branches, each of which is covered with smaller weeping branches. These smaller branches are encased in lustrous short dark green needles and small cones which depend upon the short stalks. Having the ability to tolerate a large amount of shade, particularly when they are young, these trees thrive in moist, well-drained soil from anything from full sun to full shade. Helfarian s hemlock forms a cascade of green providing refuge for squirrels and birds during the winter snows.

33 31 The Sourwood is considered as an ornamental and shade tree. Its leaves are rich green and turn yellow, red, and purple in the fall. In the early summer, the Sourwood blooms white fragrant flowers. This tree grows to be feet in height and has a spread of about 20 at full maturity. The Sourwood tree is the class tree of Bryn Mawr College s graduating class of 1973.

34 32 The Weeping Higan Cherry tree grows to be 20 to 30 feet tall and spreads 15 to 25 feet. Its leaves are green throughout the summer and into the fall the leaves turn from green to a bright yellow before leaving the tree bare in the winter. In the spring, there is nothing like a full bloomed Weeping Higan Cherry its leaves are light pink, almost white. This tree is the class tree of Bryn Mawr College s graduating class of 1936 and 1937.

35 33 Higan Cherry trees bloom twice a year, in the fall and in the spring. The intensity of the blooms depends on the weather in the fall: a warm fall will produce more blooms in the fall, while a cold fall will produce more flowers in the spring. This particular type of cherry tree also booms in the shade. Bryn Mawr is well known for its cherry trees, and in 2000 donated two to the Japan America Society to commemorate two alumnae who worked in Japan, Elizabeth Grey Vining and Umeko Tsuda.

36 34 Species are large deciduous trees, reaching typically feet tall, with oblique-cordate leaves 2-8 inches across, and are found through the north temperate regions. * This specimen was ranked Pennsylvania state champion in 2007 and was donated to the college by the Bryn Mawr Class of 1900.

37 35 Native to Japan, Star Magnolias are slow growing deciduous trees that range between feet in height. It is a flowering tree that produces showy fragrant white flowers. These flowers are 3-4 in diameter and bloom every spring. The tree does the best in the full sun, which produces the best flowers. They bloom best in full sun with partial shade and in acidic, moist, clay soils and it is under these conditions that the spring season brings large, bold white beautiful flowers. This particular Star Magnolia tree, located next to Pembroke West, was planted as the class tree of the class of 1968.

38 36 The Chinese Stewartia trees are native to Japan, Korea and Southeastern U.S. It blooms once a year in the summer. They are slower growing trees that are deciduous trees and only grow approximately 10 meters in height. It produces fragrant cup-shaped white flowers with yellow anthers, which are inches diameter. On young plants, its beautiful reddish bark flakes off in long, shiny sheets to reveal smooth lighter patches beneath. During the fall season the Chinese Stewartia helps to create the beautiful colorful foliage with its large array of colorful leaves. During the flowering spring season, they carry bold, green leaves with a dazzling scene of large white flowers.

39 37 Said to have inhabited earth up to 150 million years ago, the Fastigiate Ginko group is the only surviving group of the ancient plants. It is a good urban tree due to its ability to tolerate drought, heat, and poor soils. It grows very slowly at first, but then grows at a moderate rate, especially when supplied adequate amounts of water and fertilizer. As deciduous conifers, Fastigiate Ginko trees grow between 30 and 50 feet in height and have very distinct leaves shaped like fans with diverging veins. There are both female and male Fastigiate Ginko Trees. The female trees are highly undesired in the fall season because it produces a foul odor when the seeds and leaves fall, while the male trees bear golden, yellow leaves in the fall that create admirable scenery. The seeds are leaves are used in medicine throughout the world.

40 38 The Katsura is an elegant, nonnative tree. Specimens were first brought here from either China or Japan sometime around 1865 by Thomas Hogg Jr. 1 The tree grows to medium height with a multitrunk shape that is pleasingly asymmetrical, but at least our two trees (one by Goodhart, one on the Merion Avenue side of Rockefeller) are not at all unbalanced or precarious looking. Its roots are near the surface.

41 39 The Blue Atlas Cedar is a distinctive evergreen native to western North Africa, characterized by silvery blue to bluishgreen needles. It can grow to be very tall, from about feet. The bark is gray and smooth, but develops a plate-like pattern as the tree matures. Its wood is very oily and scented, giving it a very pleasant and aromatic smell, which also functions as a natural insect deterrent. They thrive in full sun in moist soil, and they are tolerant of urban pollution up to a point. Cones usually take around two years to fully mature. There are two Blue Atlas Cedars planted outside Rock Arch, one bordering each side of the path. The site originally had Elm trees planted by the class of 1908, but were later replaced by the cedars by the class of 1973.

42 40 The Japonese Cryptomeria is also called the Japanese cedar, despite being a member of the cypress family. It is a slow-growing evergreen that changes shape as it matures; younger trees are commonly slender pyramids, but older trees more often have irregular crowns. It is one of a few conifers that sprout from cut stumps. The tree, native to Japan as the name implies, can be identified by its very short needles that spiral along the branches, pointing toward the end of the stems, which hang and droop toward the ground, and the similarly drooping bark, which peels off in long strips. Cryptomeria japonica is the only species in its genus that coexisted with dinosaurs! It grows very fast, up to 25 feet in just 10 short years. In it¹s native habitat it can grow to be 180 feet tall. It is often used for bonsai, and also harvested for timber.

43 41 The Red Pine gets its name from the color of the armor-like plates of its bark, and can also be identified by its slender, brittle needles (they snap when bent), which are between inches long, and bundled in groups of two. The species is widely used in reforestation, and a healthy, mature tree can be 80 feet tall. Although the bark at the bottom of the tree is brownish grey, it turns a bright red-orange towards the top, giving it its name. There is low genetic and morphologic variation amongst this species, which indicates that it came near extinction in its recent evolutionary history. Even though the tree is native to North America and it is the state tree of Minnesota, it is also sometimes referred to as the Norway Pine. Early European explorers may have confused the tree with the Norway Spruce (Picea abies), also a very tall evergreen.

44 42 The Maidenhair tree also known as the ginkgo is one of the oldest species of tree. The earliest leaf fossils date back to 270 million years ago. In 1998, the species was listed as "endangered" by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The tree is referred to as a "living fossil" because it has no close relatives and is the only species in its genus. The ginkgo is known for its fan shaped leaves and pungent smelling fruit, but since all of Bryn Mawr's ginkgos all male, none of our trees drop fruit. This counters Haverford whose ginkgos are all female.

45 Credits Photography Presentation Michael Press Ed Harman Stephanie Kim Ashley Ohara

46 Credits Student & Faculty Descriptions Sophia Abbott Jessica Arbon Amanda Beardall Mary Biggs Jeremy Blatchley Grace Chung Stephanie Clarke Ashleigh Davila Michael Dirr Genesis Feliz Eleanor Frye Megan Gallagher Jae Hyun Ha Nancy Halli Kathy De La Hoz Elizabeth LeMay Charlotte McConaghy Sammy Silbert Ellen Stroud Amelia Lee Zhi Yi

47 Source Credits dnr.state.oh.us, Norway Spruce, ODNR Division Of Forestry, Ohio Trees Jane Pepper, Trees that will adorn your lawn, The Philadelphia Inquirer Jan and Main Line Times, April 13, 2000Bryn Mawr College General Campus Plan 1894, 1907 by Frederick Law Olmsted corktree_amur/corktree_amur.html plantoftheweek/articles/katsura_tre e_ html hiddenspringstreefarm.com, Colorado Blue Spruce, Hidden Springs Tree Farm, LLC.) "Ginkgo Biloba 'Fastigiata'" Missouri Botanical Garden. Web. 13 Oct <http://www.mobot.org/gardening help/plantfinder/plant.asp?code=z 980> Manual of Woody Landscape Plants, 5 th editiongnpc.org/sycamore.htm, Sycamore, Great Plains Nature Center Database Photographic Guide to More than 500 Trees of North America and Europe (New York, 1978) "Stewartia." Portland Nursery and Garden Center. Web. 13 Oct <http://www.portlandnursery.com/ plants/trees/stewartia.shtml>. "Tree Details The Tree Guide at Arborday.org." Buy Trees and Learn About Trees - Visit Our Online Nursery. Web. 16 Oct <http://www.arborday.org/treeguid e/treedetail.cfm?id=166>.)

Tree Diversity Activity

Tree Diversity Activity Tree Diversity Activity A Classroom Activity from The National Arbor Day Foundation You and your class may have participated recently in the Vote for America s National Tree, an historic opportunity for

More information

Apricot Tree Prunus armeniaca

Apricot Tree Prunus armeniaca Apricot Tree Prunus armeniaca Up to 25-30 tall x 15-20 wide or partial shade 10 degrees F. General: The Apricot Tree is a subspecies of the peach and dates back 3,000 years to northeastern China. Apricots

More information

Habitat Comparison at the Garden

Habitat Comparison at the Garden Habitat Comparison at the Garden Several types of habitats are represented at the Atlanta Botanical Garden: tropical rainforest, desert, temperate deciduous forest and wetlands. During this activity students

More information

Invasive Tree Species

Invasive Tree Species Invasive Tree Species A Contents Invasive Tree Species................. 1 Removal Permit Process.............. 2 Mitigation......................... 3 Identification Guide: Norway maple - Acer platanoides............

More information

West Virginia Trees. Basic Tree Identification For FFA Forestry Contest

West Virginia Trees. Basic Tree Identification For FFA Forestry Contest West Virginia Trees Basic Tree Identification For FFA Forestry Contest Developed in cooperation with the West Virginia Division of Forestry and the Tyler County FFA Chapter. Identification of trees base

More information

It s time to. the trees. We will soon be in your area, pruning trees, to provide safe and reliable electric service. Save this guide.

It s time to. the trees. We will soon be in your area, pruning trees, to provide safe and reliable electric service. Save this guide. It s time to trim the trees We will soon be in your area, pruning trees, to provide safe and reliable electric service. Save this guide. Trees are among our community s most beneficial, valuable and beautiful

More information

Cercis Ruby Falls. www.planthaven.com. Origin: Redbud breeding program at NCSU Species: Cercis canadensis Protection Status: US PPAF

Cercis Ruby Falls. www.planthaven.com. Origin: Redbud breeding program at NCSU Species: Cercis canadensis Protection Status: US PPAF Cercis Ruby Falls Origin: Redbud breeding program at NCSU Protection Status: US PPAF Key Features Unique weeping habit. Full crown of foliage at the top. Large heart shaped purple leaves. Attractive reddish-purple

More information

The Basics of Tree Pruning

The Basics of Tree Pruning The Basics of Tree Pruning By John Ball, Forest Health Specialist and Aaron Kiesz, Urban and Community Forestry Specialist Until the end of the 19 th century, trees were not a common sight in many parts

More information

Ministry of Natural Resources. What trees grow best where you live? Ontario s Tree Atlas

Ministry of Natural Resources. What trees grow best where you live? Ontario s Tree Atlas Ministry of Natural Resources What trees grow best where you live? Ontario s Tree Atlas Trees make Ontario beautiful There are dozens of species of trees found in our province, from the tall and mighty

More information

Tree Talk. Customer Care. www.lipower.org

Tree Talk. Customer Care. www.lipower.org Customer Care Tree Talk Did you know that trees can help improve your safety and electric reliability? This booklet will help you select the best trees for your home, and provide tips about their maintenance

More information

Tree Landscape Planting

Tree Landscape Planting City of Pierre Tree Landscape Planting The value of Woody Plant Landscaping Locally Adapted Species List Tips for Successful Planting Pierre Ordinances Public Needs to Know Community Tree Statistics: Trees

More information

Japanese Maples. Fall 2015 List

Japanese Maples. Fall 2015 List Japanese Maples Fall 2015 List Japanese maples (Acer palmatum) and their relatives offer a large group of plants that can be adapted to almost any garden style and situation. In fact, a wonderful garden

More information

Grade 4 Title: My Name is Magnolia Whittney McCray

Grade 4 Title: My Name is Magnolia Whittney McCray Grade 4 Title: My Name is Magnolia Whittney McCray Student Learning Objective(s): The students will understand why Magnolias are a type of evergreen. The students will create a story based on the information

More information

Dichotomous Keys for the Arboretum Walk. Plant List

Dichotomous Keys for the Arboretum Walk. Plant List 1 Dichotomous Keys for the Arboretum Walk Plant List Common name 1. Pin oak 2. Sweet gum 3. Red maple 4. Bur oak 5. River birch 6. Black cherry 7. Tulip poplar 8. Kentucky coffeetree 9. Catalpa 10. Honeylocust

More information

DEVELOPMENT GUIDELINES OAK TREES CARE AND MAINTENANCE

DEVELOPMENT GUIDELINES OAK TREES CARE AND MAINTENANCE DEVELOPMENT GUIDELINES OAK TREES CARE AND MAINTENANCE This guide will offer basic information for the preservation and maintenance of oak trees as a part of an overall landscape use. Unfortunately, oak

More information

Growing Cocoa Beans. Growing Region

Growing Cocoa Beans. Growing Region Growing Cocoa Beans All chocolate begins with cocoa beans, the fruit of the cacao tree (also called a cocoa tree). Scientists know that the cacao tree originated somewhere in South or Central America.

More information

GENERAL WATERING & CARE GUIDE

GENERAL WATERING & CARE GUIDE GENERAL WATERING & CARE GUIDE Between 30-60 percent of water applied to lawns and gardens is never absorbed by the plants. Water is often wasted because it is applied too quickly and runs off, evaporates

More information

Trees and Reliable Electric Service. Answers to Questions About Tree Pruning and Electric Power. We re connected to you by more than power lines.

Trees and Reliable Electric Service. Answers to Questions About Tree Pruning and Electric Power. We re connected to you by more than power lines. Trees and Reliable Electric Service Answers to Questions About Tree Pruning and Electric Power We re connected to you by more than power lines. How is Line Clearance Done? Pepco s tree contractor will

More information

Backyard Buffers. Protecting Habitat and Water Quality

Backyard Buffers. Protecting Habitat and Water Quality Backyard Buffers Protecting Habitat and Water Quality What is a buffer? A buffer (also called a riparian buffer area or zone) is the strip of natural vegetation along the bank of a stream, lake or other

More information

Identification and Prevention of Frost or Freeze Damage By Linda Reddick, Kingman Area Master Gardener

Identification and Prevention of Frost or Freeze Damage By Linda Reddick, Kingman Area Master Gardener KINGMAN IS GROWING! COLUMN Identification and Prevention of Frost or Freeze Damage By Linda Reddick, Kingman Area Master Gardener Again this year we have been experiencing some very cold weather, with

More information

City of Bellingham Tree Planting Guide

City of Bellingham Tree Planting Guide City of Bellingham Tree Planting Guide This guide provides you with resources for planting trees in the city. Using the right tree in the right place, and maintaining it correctly will provide healthy,

More information

Vegetation Management. for Distribution Lines

Vegetation Management. for Distribution Lines Vegetation Management for Distribution Lines Working Hand in Hand with Nature Trees contacting power lines and other electric facilities are the major cause of electric service interruptions, especially

More information

Common Name: AMERICAN BARBERRY. Scientific Name: Berberis canadensis Miller. Other Commonly Used Names: none. Previously Used Scientific Names: none

Common Name: AMERICAN BARBERRY. Scientific Name: Berberis canadensis Miller. Other Commonly Used Names: none. Previously Used Scientific Names: none Common Name: AMERICAN BARBERRY Scientific Name: Berberis canadensis Miller Other Commonly Used Names: none Previously Used Scientific Names: none Family: Berberidaceae (barberry) Rarity Ranks: G3/S1 State

More information

Tree and forest restoration following wildfire

Tree and forest restoration following wildfire Peter F. Kolb (PhD) MSU Extension Forestry Specialist Adj. Assistant Professor Forest Ecology School of Forestry, University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59808 Tel. (406) 243-4705, e-mail: efpfk@forestry.umt.edu

More information

Trees help us experience connections with our natural heritage and with our most deeply held spiritual and cultural values.

Trees help us experience connections with our natural heritage and with our most deeply held spiritual and cultural values. REASONS FOR PLANTING TREES Shade from trees cools hot streets and parking lots and drive ways. Cities are "heat islands" that are 5-9 degrees hotter than surrounding areas. Trees and shrubs add beauty

More information

Cotinus coggygria. Cotoneaster sp. Shrubs

Cotinus coggygria. Cotoneaster sp. Shrubs Cotinus coggygria Common Name: Smoke Bush Family: Anacardiaceae Characteristics of plant: A large shrub/small tree which grows to 15 with bluish-green foliage that turns red in fall. Flowers appear as

More information

Care of Mature Backyard Apple Trees

Care of Mature Backyard Apple Trees Education Center and Info Line practical solutions to everyday questions Toll free Info Line 1-877-398-4769 M-F 9 AM - 2 PM Care of Mature Backyard Apple Trees Introduction Backyard apple trees can be

More information

Planting and Tree Care for Roxborough Park. Keith Worley, Forester ISA Certified Arborist

Planting and Tree Care for Roxborough Park. Keith Worley, Forester ISA Certified Arborist Planting and Tree Care for Roxborough Park Keith Worley, Forester ISA Certified Arborist Where We Live: High elevation at the edge of Mountains and Plains. Harsh climates with: High winds. Drought periods

More information

The Wonderful World of Wetlands BINGO

The Wonderful World of Wetlands BINGO The Wonderful World of Wetlands BINGO Time: 10-15 minutes to create Bingo board; 5-10 minutes to play one-round of Bingo Scituate Reservoir Watershed Education Program 17 Smith Ave Greenville, RI 02828

More information

Deciduous Forest. Courtesy of Wayne Herron and Cindy Brady, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service

Deciduous Forest. Courtesy of Wayne Herron and Cindy Brady, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service Deciduous Forest INTRODUCTION Temperate deciduous forests are found in middle latitudes with temperate climates. Deciduous means that the trees in this forest change with the seasons. In fall, the leaves

More information

Diagnosing Disorders of Trees

Diagnosing Disorders of Trees 148 Appendix A Diagnosing Disorders of Trees Diagnosing tree problems can be difficult. Symptoms and signs can be subtle or only visible using special techniques, important information can be missing,

More information

Why hire an arborist?

Why hire an arborist? Why hire an arborist? Spring is fast approaching and that means gardens to attend and flowers to plant, but what about your trees? Now is the best time to hire an arborist to maintain your trees before

More information

PLANT SMART. A GUIDE TO HELP YOU PLAN BEFORE YOU PLANT, AND CHOOSE THE RIGHT TREE FOR THE RIGHT PLACE.

PLANT SMART. A GUIDE TO HELP YOU PLAN BEFORE YOU PLANT, AND CHOOSE THE RIGHT TREE FOR THE RIGHT PLACE. PLANT SMART. A GUIDE TO HELP YOU PLAN BEFORE YOU PLANT, AND CHOOSE THE RIGHT TREE FOR THE RIGHT PLACE. Winter winds Evergreens block cold winds Deciduous trees help block summer sun Summer winds PLANT

More information

A DISCOVERY REGARDING THE DEATH OF ASH TREES IN THE PLYMOUTH AREA

A DISCOVERY REGARDING THE DEATH OF ASH TREES IN THE PLYMOUTH AREA A DISCOVERY REGARDING THE DEATH OF ASH TREES IN THE PLYMOUTH AREA As you are probably aware, we have seen a significant amount of dying ash trees in the Plymouth, Canton, Northville area. This prompted

More information

What makes bears unique?

What makes bears unique? What makes bears unique? Black bears are omnivores, which means they can eat both plant and animal material. Bear skulls have unique adaptations to help eat a wide range of food. They have large canine

More information

Street Tree Planting Standards City of Buffalo. Department of Public Works, Parks and Streets Division of Parks and Recreation

Street Tree Planting Standards City of Buffalo. Department of Public Works, Parks and Streets Division of Parks and Recreation Street Tree Planting Standards City of Buffalo Department of Public Works, Parks and Streets Division of Parks and Recreation March 2011 Table of Contents Foreword..3 Standards and Spacing... 5 Planting

More information

1 SEEDLING QUALITY. Seedling quality

1 SEEDLING QUALITY. Seedling quality Seedling quality Quality versus quantity A nursery manager s most important goal is to produce quality trees. Quality is more important than quantity. It is a common mistake in nurseries to concentrate

More information

Aspen Seed Collection

Aspen Seed Collection Aspen Seed Collection Nursery Information Series Aspen Seed Collection Randy D. Moench Nursery Manager Colorado State University Colorado State Forest Service Foothills Campus, Bldg. 1060 Fort Collins,

More information

Common Backyard Birds of Alabama

Common Backyard Birds of Alabama Common Backyard Birds of Alabama Alabama Ornithological Society (AOS) state list includes 420 species: 158 species regularly breed in Alabama 174 species regularly winter 80 species migrate through Alabama

More information

Pruning Trees. Center for Landscape and Urban Horticulture. University of California Cooperative Extension Central Coast & South Region

Pruning Trees. Center for Landscape and Urban Horticulture. University of California Cooperative Extension Central Coast & South Region University of California Cooperative Extension Central Coast & South Region Center for Landscape and Urban Horticulture Pruning Trees Pruning Trees at Planting Landscape trees should not be pruned at planting

More information

Plant Adaptations. This cactus displays light-colored hair that helps shade the plant. Copyright

Plant Adaptations. This cactus displays light-colored hair that helps shade the plant. Copyright Plant Adaptations Plants have adaptations to help them survive (live and grow) in different areas. Adaptations are special features that allow a plant or animal to live in a particular place or habitat.

More information

Mighty Oaks From Little Acorns

Mighty Oaks From Little Acorns Science Process: Observe and Measure / Life Science / Math: Measurement (Length), data Analysis (graphing) / reading: Sequencing / Listening / Writing / Visual Arts expression Background Buds are on the

More information

Pruning Mature Trees. Reasons for Pruning

Pruning Mature Trees. Reasons for Pruning Pruning Mature Trees Pruning is the most common tree maintenance procedure. Although forest trees grow quite well with only nature's pruning, landscape trees require a higher level of care to maintain

More information

Summary of the Heritage Tree Ordinance Updated July 2013

Summary of the Heritage Tree Ordinance Updated July 2013 Summary of the Heritage Tree Ordinance Updated July 2013 Purpose of the Ordinance See also: Chapter 13.24 of the Menlo Park Municipal Code (Available at www.menlopark.org or by calling 330-6740) The City

More information

United States Standards for Grades of Christmas Trees

United States Standards for Grades of Christmas Trees United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Marketing Service Fruit and Vegetable Programs United States Standards for Grades of Christmas Trees Fresh Products Branch Effective October 30, 1989

More information

Two Main Precautions Before You Begin Working

Two Main Precautions Before You Begin Working Pruning Mango Trees Roy Beckford, Ag/Natural Resources Agent, UF/IFAS Lee County Two Main Precautions Before You Begin Working 1. Mango peel and sap contain urushiol, the chemical in poison ivy and poison

More information

SPECIAL REPORT FROM STIHL STIHL PRUNING GUIDE BROUGHT TO YOU BY STIHL INC. 2010

SPECIAL REPORT FROM STIHL STIHL PRUNING GUIDE BROUGHT TO YOU BY STIHL INC. 2010 SPECIAL REPORT FROM STIHL STIHL PRUNING GUIDE BROUGHT TO YOU BY STIHL INC. 2010 STIHL Pruning Guide Introduction Watching a professional prune a tree or shrub can cause confusion in a layperson. It makes

More information

KINGMAN IS GROWING! Column

KINGMAN IS GROWING! Column KINGMAN IS GROWING! Column Protect Plants When Temperatures Drop By Charlee Ware, Kingman Area Master Gardener Fortunately for us, we had three extra weeks of warm fall weather. In most years, that 32-degree

More information

WINTER INJURY OF ORNAMENTALS

WINTER INJURY OF ORNAMENTALS BP-2-W Reviewed 5/01 Plant Disease Control Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service West Lafayette, IN 47907 WINTER INJURY OF ORNAMENTALS Paul C. Pecknold, Extension Plant Pathologist Extreme cold,

More information

Arbor Day Tree Trivia

Arbor Day Tree Trivia Arbor Day Tree Trivia What day is Arbor Day? The last Friday of April. (April 30, 2010) Who is the father of Arbor Day? J. Sterling Morton When was the first Arbor Day? 1872 Name Idaho's state tree. Western

More information

CITRUS PRUNING. control, fruit production and size control

CITRUS PRUNING. control, fruit production and size control CITRUS PRUNING Pruning techniques for tree health pest Pruning techniques for tree health, pest control, fruit production and size control Tree Shapes Citrus trees are generally pruned to a central leader

More information

Tree Care Guide. W.A. Industries: 3655 N. Southport Ave., Chicago, IL 60613 (888) 333-9352 www.megagro.com

Tree Care Guide. W.A. Industries: 3655 N. Southport Ave., Chicago, IL 60613 (888) 333-9352 www.megagro.com Tree Care Guide Think of the tree you just purchased as a lifetime investment and considering many tree species live for many decades, they are a wonderful legacy. How well your tree, and investment, grows

More information

Summary of Pre- and Post-Project Vegetation Survey Results

Summary of Pre- and Post-Project Vegetation Survey Results 3921 East Bayshore Road Palo Alto CA 94303-4326 tel 650.962.9876 fax 650.962.8234 www.acterra.org info@acterra.org Introduction Summary of Pre- and Post-Project Vegetation Survey Results Acterra Stewardship

More information

Identifying Pennsylvania Trees. Pennsylvania Forest Stewardship Program

Identifying Pennsylvania Trees. Pennsylvania Forest Stewardship Program Identifying Pennsylvania Trees Pennsylvania Forest Stewardship Program Tree Identification In this presentation you will learn to identify trees using the Summer Key to Pennsylvania Trees. Trees can be

More information

CHAPTER 807 LANDSCAPING AND SCREENING

CHAPTER 807 LANDSCAPING AND SCREENING CHAPTER 807 LANDSCAPING AND SCREENING 807.001. Purpose 807.005. Definitions 807.010. Applicability 807.015. Landscaping and Screening 807.020. Landscaping Plan 807.025. Plant Material Standards 807.030.

More information

A GUIDE: DEVELOPING A STREET AND PARK TREE MANAGEMENT PLAN

A GUIDE: DEVELOPING A STREET AND PARK TREE MANAGEMENT PLAN A GUIDE: DEVELOPING A STREET AND PARK TREE MANAGEMENT PLAN An introduction to the preparation of a strategic approach to the care and maintenance of your community forest USDA Forest Service Northeastern

More information

Portland State University. Campus Tree Care Plan

Portland State University. Campus Tree Care Plan Portland State University Campus Tree Care Plan 1. Purpose Portland State University (PSU) resides in a densely populated urban setting in downtown Portland, Oregon. With green space in short supply, maintaining

More information

Your Defensible Space Slideshow

Your Defensible Space Slideshow Your Defensible Space Slideshow Red = Trees to Remove Your Defensible Space Slideshow This slideshow was created to highlight actions you can take to dramatically improve the chances of your home surviving

More information

Tree Trimming Practices. For transmission and distribution power lines. TREE TRIMMING PRACTICES h 1

Tree Trimming Practices. For transmission and distribution power lines. TREE TRIMMING PRACTICES h 1 Tree Trimming Practices For transmission and distribution power lines TREE TRIMMING PRACTICES h 1 RiGht Tree. RiGht Place. CenterPoint Energy encourages you to plant the Right Tree in the Right Place by

More information

WOODY WONDERS TREE and LEAF ACTIVITIES and WORKSHEETS

WOODY WONDERS TREE and LEAF ACTIVITIES and WORKSHEETS WOODY WONDERS TREE and LEAF ACTIVITIES and WORKSHEETS KS1/ KS2 TREE ACTIVITIES Tree Activity 1 MEASURING AROUND A TREE Curricular Links: Numeracy Time : 10 minutes. Equipment: Large tape measure.(not needed

More information

Pruning Citrus Trees. Citrus trees are pruned in order; PRUNING STAGES YOUNG TREE PRUNING HAND PRUNING MAINTENANCE PRUNING

Pruning Citrus Trees. Citrus trees are pruned in order; PRUNING STAGES YOUNG TREE PRUNING HAND PRUNING MAINTENANCE PRUNING Pruning Citrus Trees Citrus trees are pruned in order; to allow light penetration into the canopy; to prevent crowding of main scaffold branches and to remove branches which cross; to remove or shorten

More information

Holt Ch. 6 Biomes. Section 6.1 pg # 1-6

Holt Ch. 6 Biomes. Section 6.1 pg # 1-6 Holt Ch. 6 Biomes Section 6.1 pg 153-155 # 1-6 1. Describe how plants determine the name of a biome. Scientists name biomes after their vegetation because the plants that grow in an area determine what

More information

STAND DESCRIPTION Concepts and Definitions 1/

STAND DESCRIPTION Concepts and Definitions 1/ STAND DESCRIPTION Concepts and Definitions 1/ Through the course of every profession a particular language, terminology, or jargon is developed. We are all familiar with habeas corpus of the legal profession

More information

Post-Wildfire Clean-Up and Response in Houston Toad Habitat Best Management Practices

Post-Wildfire Clean-Up and Response in Houston Toad Habitat Best Management Practices Post-Wildfire Clean-Up and Response in Houston Toad Habitat Best Management Practices Purpose The purpose of this document is to provide guidance and recommendations for minimizing potential impacts to

More information

Tree Trimming Tips and Tricks

Tree Trimming Tips and Tricks Tree Trimming Tips and Tricks Start with Professionals Mistakes can be costly for you and your tree. Professionals who know about trees can help you get started with the right tree in the right place.

More information

CONSERVATION COUNTS JEFFERSON COUNTY LAND & WATER CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT

CONSERVATION COUNTS JEFFERSON COUNTY LAND & WATER CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT CONSERVATION COUNTS JEFFERSON COUNTY LAND & WATER CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT Important Farmland Preservation Tax Credit Information The Wisconsin Department of Revenue and Department of Agriculture have mandated

More information

By Wendy Klooster and Bert Cregg Department of Horticulture, Michigan State University

By Wendy Klooster and Bert Cregg Department of Horticulture, Michigan State University By Wendy Klooster and Bert Cregg Department of Horticulture, Michigan State University In this edition of Conifer Corner, we are continuing our tour of the conifer form classes recognized by the American

More information

2002 URBAN FOREST CANOPY & LAND USE IN PORTLAND S HOLLYWOOD DISTRICT. Final Report. Michael Lackner, B.A. Geography, 2003

2002 URBAN FOREST CANOPY & LAND USE IN PORTLAND S HOLLYWOOD DISTRICT. Final Report. Michael Lackner, B.A. Geography, 2003 2002 URBAN FOREST CANOPY & LAND USE IN PORTLAND S HOLLYWOOD DISTRICT Final Report by Michael Lackner, B.A. Geography, 2003 February 2004 - page 1 of 17 - TABLE OF CONTENTS Abstract 3 Introduction 4 Study

More information

Tree factsheet images at pages 3, 4, 5

Tree factsheet images at pages 3, 4, 5 Forest Ecology and Forest Management Group Tree factsheet images at pages 3, 4, 5 Prunus serotina Ehrh. taxonomy author, year Ehrhart 1783 synonym - Family Rosaceae Eng. Name Black Cherry, Wild Cherry

More information

2008 Bulletproof Perennials for the Redding Area

2008 Bulletproof Perennials for the Redding Area 2008 Bulletproof Perennials for the Redding Area Easy to grow plants with great foliage, form, and blooms LISA ENDICOTT, Horticulture Manager KAREN McGRATH, Landscaper Designer Aloe striatula (HARDY ALOE)

More information

runing & Orchard Renewal

runing & Orchard Renewal P runing & Orchard Renewal Richard G. St-Pierre, Ph.D. (January 2006) The Basics Of Pruning & Orchard Renewal Pruning is defined as the art and science of cutting away a portion of a plant to improve its

More information

Avoiding Tree & Utility Conflicts

Avoiding Tree & Utility Conflicts Avoiding Tree & Utility Conflicts Determining where to plant a tree is a decision that should not be taken lightly. Many factors should be considered prior to planting. When planning what type of tree

More information

Guide to Healthy Trees

Guide to Healthy Trees Guide to Healthy Trees Al and Bri Seaton Front cover image: This magnifi cent tree is located on our property in Mansfi eld, Victoria. A few years ago it was suffering severely from drought, erosion and

More information

Preserving Wild Ginseng in Minnesota

Preserving Wild Ginseng in Minnesota Note: This digital document was adapted from Smith, W. R. 1993. Preserving Wild Ginseng in Minnesota. Minnesota Natural Heritage Program, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. 7 pages. Preserving

More information

Bonsai. Works Cited. The Art of Growing Trees

Bonsai. Works Cited. The Art of Growing Trees 8 1 Works Cited Bonsai tools. Digital image. Great Landscape Ideas. Great Landscape Ideas. Web. 12 Feb. 2011. Bonsai trees being trained.

More information

3 Temperate and Polar Zones

3 Temperate and Polar Zones Name CHAPTER 17 Class Date Climate SECTION 3 Temperate and Polar Zones BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What biomes are found in the temperate

More information

Fire, Forest History, and Ecological Restoration of Ponderosa Pine Forests at Mount Rushmore, South Dakota

Fire, Forest History, and Ecological Restoration of Ponderosa Pine Forests at Mount Rushmore, South Dakota Fire, Forest History, and Ecological Restoration of Ponderosa Pine Forests at Mount Rushmore, South Dakota Restoration uses the past not as a goal but as a reference point for the future...it is not to

More information

CARING FOR ICE-DAMAGED WOODLOTS AND PLANTATIONS

CARING FOR ICE-DAMAGED WOODLOTS AND PLANTATIONS CARING FOR ICE-DAMAGED WOODLOTS AND Ice storms are common in southern Ontario and play an important role in the natural cycle of forest succession. Depending on the level of damage, trees can recover from

More information

Oak Trees BASIC GROWING REQUIREMENTS FOR YOUR

Oak Trees BASIC GROWING REQUIREMENTS FOR YOUR They are beautiful in their peace, They are wise in their silence. They will stand after we are dust. They teach us, and we tend them. G.A. MacDunelmor BASIC GROWING REQUIREMENTS FOR YOUR Oak Trees The

More information

Controlling Invasive Plants and Animals in our Community

Controlling Invasive Plants and Animals in our Community Controlling Invasive Plants and Animals in our Community PROVIDED BY THE WILDLIFE COMMITTEE What makes a plant or animal invasive? When a plant or animal from another region of the world (usually Europe

More information

o d Propagation and Moon Planting Fact Sheet

o d Propagation and Moon Planting Fact Sheet o d Propagation and Moon Planting Fact Sheet Propagation Propagation is actually quite simple and requires very little effort on your part. Most seeds are ready to go, complete with all the nutrients and

More information

What you need to know about the management of. the Emerald Ash. Borer (EAB) Guidelines for hiring tree care services to manage urban trees

What you need to know about the management of. the Emerald Ash. Borer (EAB) Guidelines for hiring tree care services to manage urban trees What you need to know about the management of the Emerald Ash Borer (EAB) Guidelines for hiring tree care services to manage urban trees What is an Emerald Ash Borer? This booklet has been designed for

More information

What Are Those Plants Worth?

What Are Those Plants Worth? Agricultural Extension Service The University of Tennessee What Are Those Plants Worth? SP614 Stephen Garton Assistant Professor Plant Sciences Larry Tankersley Extension Associate Forestry, Wildlife &

More information

PRIMROSE SELECTIONS FOR NEWFOUNDLAND By Todd Boland, Research Horticulturist Memorial University of Newfoundland Botanical Garden

PRIMROSE SELECTIONS FOR NEWFOUNDLAND By Todd Boland, Research Horticulturist Memorial University of Newfoundland Botanical Garden PRIMROSE SELECTIONS FOR NEWFOUNDLAND By Todd Boland, Research Horticulturist Memorial University of Newfoundland Botanical Garden Primroses are classified into 37 groups based on area of origin, flower

More information

H-GAC Debris Workshop 2: Mitigating Your Hazards Handout 1 Public Outreach Debris Mitigation Strategies

H-GAC Debris Workshop 2: Mitigating Your Hazards Handout 1 Public Outreach Debris Mitigation Strategies H-GAC Debris Workshop 2: Mitigating Your Hazards Handout 1 Public Outreach Debris Mitigation Strategies This handout provides examples of debris mitigation initiatives for the public that communities have

More information

Wildfire Damage Assessment for the 2011 Southeast Complex Fires

Wildfire Damage Assessment for the 2011 Southeast Complex Fires Wildfire Damage Assessment for the 2011 Southeast Complex Fires Chip Bates & Mark McClure, Forest Health Management Background: On March 24, 2011, multiple wildfires began across southeast Georgia. Strong,

More information

Why Fruit Trees Die D. B. Meador, Extension Specialist (retired) University of Illinois

Why Fruit Trees Die D. B. Meador, Extension Specialist (retired) University of Illinois Why Fruit Trees Die D. B. Meador, Extension Specialist (retired) University of Illinois Occasionally, fruit trees decline and often die. Diseases affecting the leaves, fruit, and twigs of fruit trees usually

More information

Exhibit Inquiry. Rainforest. Aug 11

Exhibit Inquiry. Rainforest. Aug 11 Exhibit Inquiry Exhibit Inquiry Have students look for the following exhibits related to living things during their visit to the Ontario Science Centre: Where to go: (Level 6) What it's about: Tropical

More information

4) The relationship between caliper, height and root ball size shall meet the ANSI Z60.1 standard.

4) The relationship between caliper, height and root ball size shall meet the ANSI Z60.1 standard. 12. QUALITY ASSURANCE A. Source Quality Control 1. Ship landscape materials with certificates of inspection required by governing authorities. Comply with regulations applicable to landscape materials.

More information

3.1. Succession, Recovery, and Renewal in Natural Communities. A35 Starting Point. What Happens to a Vacant Lot?

3.1. Succession, Recovery, and Renewal in Natural Communities. A35 Starting Point. What Happens to a Vacant Lot? 3.1 Succession, Recovery, and Renewal in Natural Communities Here is a summary of what you will learn in this section: Ecosystems change in predictable ways known as succession. Ecosystems can establish

More information

Michigan Nature Association Protecting Michigan s Natural Heritage Since 1952 www.michigannature.org 517-655-5655

Michigan Nature Association Protecting Michigan s Natural Heritage Since 1952 www.michigannature.org 517-655-5655 Michigan Nature Association Protecting Michigan s Natural Heritage Since 1952 www.michigannature.org 517-655-5655 Tree ID Written By: Joan Chadde Edited By: Phil Bergquist Learning Objectives At the end

More information

ELEMENTARY-LEVEL SCIENCE TEST

ELEMENTARY-LEVEL SCIENCE TEST 4THE UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK SPRING 2008 GRADE 4 ELEMENTARY-LEVEL SCIENCE TEST WRITTEN TEST Student Name School Name Print your name and the name of your school on the lines above. The test

More information

Pruning Fruit Trees. Develop strong tree structure. This should begin when trees are planted and continue each year thereafter.

Pruning Fruit Trees. Develop strong tree structure. This should begin when trees are planted and continue each year thereafter. Agriculture and Natural Resources Pruning Fruit Trees Extension Horticulture Arkansas Is Our Campus Visit our web site at: http://www.uaex.edu Fruit trees should be pruned every year to maintain their

More information

A Holiday Tradition: Which Christmas Tree Will You Choose?

A Holiday Tradition: Which Christmas Tree Will You Choose? General Agriculture A Holiday Tradition: Which Christmas Tree Will You Choose? Social Studies, Math Materials Computers Book Resources Student Worksheet A: Recording Data Student Worksheet B: Map Plotting

More information

Introducing Our First Newsletter

Introducing Our First Newsletter RORAIMA NURSERY Newsletter No. 1 20 Swan Street Lara Vic 3212 Spring 2011 Ph: 03 5282 8704 Email: enquiries@roraimanursery.com.au Website: www.roraimanursery.com.au Introducing Our First Newsletter Welcome

More information

Pruning Deciduous Shade Trees

Pruning Deciduous Shade Trees Cooperative Extension Pruning Deciduous Shade Trees Trees in the wild are never pruned, yet they often have long healthy lives. In a natural setting, their branches develop a balance and form typical of

More information

TEXAS SMARTSCAPE Landscape Design

TEXAS SMARTSCAPE Landscape Design TEXAS SMARTSCAPE Landscape Design and Maintenance for Water Quality Water Conservation Dotty Woodson Extension Program Specialist Texas AgriLife Extension Texas A&M University System Texas SmartScape Developed

More information

Managing Black Walnut

Managing Black Walnut Managing Black Walnut Mel Baughman Professor Emeritus University of Minnesota Lenny Farlee Extension Forester Purdue University Why Grow Black Walnut? Wood Products Rich, brown color Novelty items Lumber

More information

A Visual Guide to Detecting Emerald Ash Borer Damage

A Visual Guide to Detecting Emerald Ash Borer Damage cfs.nrcan.gc.ca A Visual Guide to Detecting Emerald Ash Borer Damage Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources Library and Archives Canada Cataloguing in Publication A visual guide to detecting emerald ash

More information

Can you see the difference between wind pollinated and insect pollinated flowers?

Can you see the difference between wind pollinated and insect pollinated flowers? Can you see the difference between wind pollinated and insect pollinated flowers? Age of Students 10 14 years Duration 1 hour Summary Pollination is a very effective factor in the evolution of plants and

More information