1 DEEP: Diesel Education & Emissions Project Anti-Idling Toolkit For California Communities How to reduce diesel pollution and protect the health of your community
2 DEEP Anti-Idling Toolkit Authors: Rose Chan and Bradley Angel Greenaction for Health and Environmental Justice, Market Street, Suite 503, San Francisco CA, (415) PO Box 227, Kettleman City, CA (559) Greenaction.org This manual is dedicated for use by communities and nonprofit groups as an anti-idling resource. This document cannot be sold for profit. If changed, modified, or redistributed either in hardcopy or digital format, derivative work should properly cite Greenaction for Health and Environmental Justice. The material contained herein is current to July 2012.
3 Table of Contents Introduction. Section 1: Diesel Fuel Emission Facts. What s the Problem?... What s the problem in the San Joaquin Valley?... Section 2: Health Effects from Diesel Exposure... Gases and fumes. Carbon soot particulates (PMS).. Who is most at risk?... Body chart.. Review Section 3: California State Laws & Regulations Section 4: Overview: How to run an Anti-Idling Program. Identifying idling hot-spots & truck counting.. Types of vehicles that use diesel engines. Overview: Outreach. How to conduct community outreach... How to conduct truck driver outreach... How to conduct outreach at schools and to school bus drivers.... How to outreach to truck company owners & businesses. Section 5: Some tips on Data Management.. Using factsheets and handouts. Timesheets.. Diesel Trucker Engagement Log... Good Neighbor Agreement.... Section 6: Grant information & Incentives.. Appendix.. Diesel Idling Laws. Good Neighbor Agreement/Acuerdo De Buen Vecino.. Diesel Exhaust and Children s Health/El extractor de diesel y la salud de los ninos. Lungs of Truck Drivers/Los Pulmones de Camioneros Anti-idling Laws/Leyes regulan los vehiculos diesel Mythos and Facts/Mitos o Realidades. Idling Buses/Los autobuses (trifold)... Diesel Emission Reduction Funding Resources Timesheet Template. Trucker Engagement Log template.. Citations & Resources
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5 Introduction: How to Carry Out a Successful Diesel Education and Emissions Reduction Campaign in Your Community Emissions from diesel trucks and buses can be harmful to the health of residents in a community, the drivers of the vehicle and to the environment. Although laws exist that restrict diesel vehicle idling (running the engine while parked) many trucks and buses idle even where they are not supposed to idle. Greenaction for Health and Environmental Justice is pleased to share this How to Manual to teach communities how to conduct a successful Diesel Education and Emissions Reduction Program. The program was developed and successfully implemented in urban Bayview Hunters Point in San Francisco and in rural Kettleman City and Avenal in the San Joaquin Valley. Although a successful program will need to be tailored to the specific needs and issues of your community, the manual provides key elements, resources and tools for an effective diesel pollution reduction campaign. The Manual contains bilingual fact sheets to use to educate your community, truck and bus drivers, businesses and schools about the dangers of diesel vehicle idling, the laws restricting idling and information on financial assistance available to truck drivers and businesses who want cleaner vehicles. It contains sample logs to track your outreach, education and vehicle monitoring work. It also contains sample agreements to ask companies that use diesel trucks, having them pledge in writing to ensure their trucks do not illegally idle and to educate their truckers about the law and health issues associated with diesel emissions. We hope you find this How to Manual helpful. Please feel free to contact Greenaction with any questions about this manual and the issue of diesel idling. Bradley Angel, Director Greenaction for Health and Environmental Justice
6 Section 1: Diesel Pollution Facts What is Diesel and what is idling? Diesel is a type of petroleum-based fuel made from crude oil used in diesel combustion engines. When these engines burn fuel, they emit harmful pollutants. When these vehicles idle (have the engine on when the vehicle is not in motion), diesel engines produce more harmful emissions than they would if they were being driven. This is because the engines cannot burn the fuel as cleanly as they would if they were moving. Diesel exhaust is comprised of soot, gases, and other harmful compounds which as hazardous air pollutants. While a boon to those investing in engines or for those who wish to purchase a used vehicle, older engines can produce more pollution than do newer models or older models that have been given upgraded engines. Because of the health risks attributed to diesel emissions, diesel vehicles are not allowed to idle their engines for more than 5 minutes within California borders. Diesel pollutants threatens the health of community members and of diesel truck drivers also. By California Air Resources Board estimates, emissions created by older-model heavy duty diesel trucks, buses and large diesel engine vehicles can create the same amount of air pollution as 150 regular passenger cars!
7 Page 7 What s the problem with diesel idling? Emissions from idling diesel engines have a negative impact on air quality and public health. These hazardous pollutants are ground-level ozone, particle pollution (particulate matter or PMs), carbon monoxide (CO), sulfur dioxide (SO 2 ), and nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ). The EPA has a set of guidelines used for monitoring criteria pollutants called the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) which quantify the levels of pollutants and relate them to how they effect the health and welfare of people and the environment. Areas that do not meet these standards for any one or more of the criteria pollutants are considered non-attainment zone. The San Joaquin Valley (SJV) is a designated a non-attainment zone for both soot particulates (PMs) and ground-level ozone, two most widely distributed health-threatening pollutants in America according to the EPA. Some studies say as many as 460 premature deaths per year in SJV are attributed to the combined pollution from ozone and PMs. The California Air Resource Board (CARB) estimates that PM levels measured in California's air in 2000 could cause 540 "excess" cancers (per 1 million); they also estimate that diesel soot alone accounts for 71% of the total cancer risk from air pollution contamination in California. Diesel pollution burdens health care systems, increases absenteeism from illness, wastes our limited fuel resources, and negatively impacts climate change. All told, the price tag is likely over 3 million dollars a year the averaged cost (by the Joint Center for Political Economic Studies) due to lost productivity and health complications just for ozone and PMs alone. Estimates of the total cost put the total price tag at $1,600 dollars a year per person six billion dollars total! Finally, it should be noted that these burdens are not equally distributed or shared amongst all Californians, even those that live in the Valley. Poor outcomes due to diesel pollution unequally and unfairly affect low-income communities of color more so than other more affluent white communities. One-fifth of households in SJV are below the poverty threshold and 48.7% of all households in the Valley identify as Hispanic residents. As noted in Place Matters for Health in San Joaquin Valley 2012, Zip codes with the highest respiratory risk are disproportionately populated by poor and Hispanic residents. Health problems due to diesel pollution unequally and unfairly affect low-income communities of color more than other more affluent, white communities, Place Matters, SJV 2012.
8 What s the problem with diesel idling in San Joaquin Valley? The San Joaquin Valley (SJV) is a designated non-attainment zone for both ozone and soot particulates. The air quality does not meet federal standards for healthy air. San Joaquin Valley rates among the top 25 worst air quality areas in the entire US, sometimes even exceeding the notably bad air quality of the neighboring Los Angeles Basin. According to the American Lung Association, 10% of California population lives here, and the basin represents 13% of the state s total amount of criteria pollution. Five SJV cities (Bakersfield, Visalia, Hanford, Fresno, Modesto) are the nation s top 10 most polluted areas for year-round particulates (PMs). Most of these airborne pollutants are a result of diesel trucks transporting goods along the main interstate and intrastate highways that connect California to the rest of the country. It is hardly a surprise that poor air quality is linked to a number of health problems that affect those living nearby trucking routes. Reducing emissions from diesel fuel vehicles is a critical step towards reducing the burden of toxic air pollution and improving quality of life and health for everyone in the valley.
9 Page 9 Section 2: Health Effects from Diesel Exposure What can diesel exhaust do to our health? Harmful exposure from diesel emissions comes from breathing in exhaust containing over 40 different chemicals, gases, metals, and carbon soot, many of which are listed as probable or potentially cancerous or toxic substances in the state of California. Diesel emissions have been linked to the development of cancer, asthma, and allergies as well as making symptoms of asthma, chronic bronchitis and other breathing-related health problems worse. Much of the harm comes from breathing in carbon soot particles (PMs) and gases such as nitrogen oxides and ozone that are harmful to the lungs, nose, throat, and cardiopulmonary system (the system that brings blood from and to the heart and lungs). Gases and toxic fumes: Diesel engines produce a multitude of gases that are toxic to human and environmental health. Once in the atmosphere, these gases, metals, and other compounds combine into a complex mix that gives rise to smog. Nitrous oxides and Nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ): NO 2 causes inflammation of the lungs and may be an asthma trigger. Nitrous oxides including NO 2 combine with other chemicals, heat, and sunlight at ground level to produce ground-level ozone (O 3 ), a component of smog. When combined with ammonia and moisture, NO 2 is also a part of the creation process for particulate matter (PMs). (See next page for PMs). Ozone (O 3 ): Ozone is a human health hazard when it is in our lower atmosphere because it irritates the lungs, nose, and throat, and causes inflammation. Over a long period of time and multiple exposures, the lung tissue itself can change, becoming less flexible and less able to cycle oxygen properly. The United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) compares this effect to the skin getting a sunburn on the inside of the lungs. Lung-burn damages cells and make them lose their flexibility and capacity to take in air effectively. Ozone is one component of smog. Ozone also aggravates asthma, bronchitis, and other breathing-related health problems.
10 Diesel Particulate Matter (PM) Size Compared to Human Hair and Beach Sand Particulate Matter (PMs): When trucks idle, they produce black carbon soot. There are two types of particulates (small particles) found in soot: Human Hair ~70μ average PM 2.5 <2.5μm in PM 2.5 (particulate matter that are less than 2.5 microns in diameter) and PM10 (particulate matter less than 10 microns). Fine Beach Sand 90μm diameter PM 10 <10μm US EPA Office of Research and Development 1 micron (μm)= 1/1,000,000 meter 1/1,000,000 meter = inch! Because particulate matter is so tiny, the threat is invisible to the naked eye. However, PMs can still be in the air even if you can t see them. One micron equals of one millimeter. To get an idea how small these particles are, a human hair is about 70 microns in diameter and about 400 microns will fit in a period at the end of this sentence(.) The smaller the particles are, the more harmful they can be because the body has a difficult time getting rid of them and the more irritating they are to our bodies. These particles can get stuck in our lungs, causing inflammation and damaging the lungs and pulmonary system (the circulation of blood and oxygen between the heart and the lungs). According to the US EPA, PMs are likely to cause cancer in humans. Exposure is linked to an increased risk for nonfatal heart attacks and the US EPA attributes up to 15,000 premature deaths a year nationwide to diesel PM.
11 What does diesel exhaust do to our health? Associated health risks: Increased cancer risk. Increased asthma rates. Increased risk of bronchial (lung) infections and lung problems. Heart & cardiovascular problems. Skin, nose & throat allergies. Breathing problems. Loss of productivity missed school & work days, increased hospital visits. Picture courtesy of US EPA Fatigue, nausea, heart burn, headaches. Chronic bronchitis. Premature death. Breathing diesel fumes and soot increase your risk of cancer, may cause and worsen asthma and bronchitis, and hurt your lungs and heart. Greenaction for Health and Environmental Justice
12 Who is most at risk? Children children breathe 50% more air for their body weight than adults. Lungs are the last organ to develop and the lungs continue to develop after birth. Premature children and children growing up all their lives with the burden of air pollution may develop asthma. Elders elders may have weakened systems and co-occurring health problems. Anyone with predisposing health conditions, including heart and lung disease, asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, allergies, or immune disorders. Anyone exposed to high levels of particulates, especially over a long period of time on a day-to-day basis, including truck drivers and those that live near highways and freeways or air basins. Anyone outside and active during days with hazardous air quality rated days. This information can usually be found on the TV news or newspapers with Picture courtesy: Kim Stringfellow and Invisible 5
13 Toxic Diesel Emissions & the Human Body Page 13 PM(10) + Methylbenzene +Xylenes Styrene Chromium Arsenic Acrolein Cyanide Mercury Cadmium + Acetaldehyde PM(10) PM(2.5) Lead + Nickel Mercury PAHs + Benzene + Acrolein Beryllium +Antimony +Manganese Chlorine + Phenols Ethylbenzene Acetyl aldehyde PAHs + Cobalt PM(10) + PM(2.5) Dioxins + Furans Formaldehyde + Styrene NOx + Ozone Mercury + Styrene Arsenic + Beryllium Chromium + PAHs Styrene + Lead Phenols + Arsenic Cyanide Cadmium + Naphthalene + Benzene + Cyanide + Dioxins + Furans The primary route of exposure for diesel toxins is breathing polluted air. Damage, including the possibility of cancer, to lungs, nose, throat, eyes, & heart, can result from exposure. Styrene + PAHs + Cyanide + Phenols + Methylbenzene + Acetaldehyde California EPA lists over 40 different chemicals and toxins found in diesel emissions, many of which are cancer causing or potentially cancer causing agents. Source: air/transportation/ebd/chap2.asp#table1
14 Section 3: California s Diesel Idling Laws Who does the law apply to: Diesel-fueled commercial vehicles weighing more than 10,000 pounds that are operating in California, regardless of where the vehicles are registered. 1. Idling for more than 5 minutes is prohibited within California borders, including idling while using sleeper berths to rest/sleep. 2. If you have NOx technology, idling and using an auxiliary power system for more than 5 minutes is prohibited within 100 feet of residential or school zones. 3. At schools, drivers of commercial diesel vehicles and school buses must turn off their engines immediately upon arriving and restart no more than 30 seconds prior to leaving. Exceptions! 1. Stuck in traffic. 2. When idling is necessary for inspecting or servicing the vehicle. 3. Operating power take-off devices (cement mixers, garbage trucks, etc). 4. Cannot move because of adverse weather conditions or mechanical failure. 5. Queuing (must be beyond 100 feet from any residential area). 6. Buses may idle for up to 10 minutes when passengers are boarding or onboard. For more information, visit the Truck Stop at the Air Resource Board:
15 Air Resources Board:
16 Section 4: How to run an Anti-Idling Program NINE STEPS TO REDUCE DIESEL VEHICLE IDLING IN YOUR COMMUNITY Goal: Reducing Emissions from Diesel Vehicles trucks and buses) by reducing diesel idling and promoting the retrofit (upgrades) for diesel vehicles. Method: Implement a Diesel Education and Emissions Reduction Program in your community, utilizing community outreach and education, monitoring/observing diesel vehicle hot spots, and seeking Good Neighbor Agreements with businesses using diesel vehicles. Step One: Become very familiar with the content in the How to Manual and factsheets. Step Two: Identify hot spots, the locations where diesel vehicles are located, used, park and/ or idle (such as truck stops, distribution centers, other truck hot spots, schools) and make a list of all businesses and schools that use diesel vehicles for their operations and/or deliveries. Step Three: Ask the regional Air District, local and state health departments and agencies to collaborate with your community group in educating businesses about the dangers of diesel vehicle idling and to let them know about government grant programs for drivers and businesses to retrofit trucks. Step Four: Train your outreach workers on facts about diesel, how to monitor/observe, how to fill out observation logs, how to approach and talk to and educate drivers effectively. Step Five: Meet with Principal at schools to inform about the project and diesel issues, and to let them know your group will be monitoring buses for idling and would like to meet with drivers, teachers and school staff about diesel pollution and the laws restricting idling. Step Six: Write letter addressed to each business and/or go visit the business and ask to speak with owner and/or manager to explain the diesel emissions project and that your group wants to work with them to educate them and their workers about the dangers of diesel pollution, idling laws, and possible government financial assistance to retrofit trucks. Step Seven: Ask businesses to sign Good Neighbor Agreement (for a community friendly or not a bad company) to get their written promise to educate their drivers about diesel engine idling and to obey anti-idling laws. Step Eight: Continue to monitor hot spots to let drivers know that idling should not occur. Step Nine: Educate community residents about the dangers of diesel vehicle idling and how to report problem hot spots.
17 Identifying Hotspots-where to focus your attention Find the hotspots where diesel vehicles idle Four things to look for are proximity (how close to people), exposure, duration (how long exposure goes on for), and vulnerability (sensitive groups, children & elders): Magnet sources (businesses that bring truck traffic into the community) Truck routes Areas just outside the idle-free zone (ie, 101 feet from school zone) School zones Residential zones Truck yards Train stations/offloading; parking lots and parking garages Child care centers Elderly care centers Clinics and hospitals Truck counting: Count the diesel trucks that come through your community in a 12 or 24-hour period. gives concrete Counting the truck traffic that goes through your area shows how much traffic (on average) there is and where it comes from (in-state or out of state, what companies). It can help you to define areas that might be more impacted than other locations, find truck routes (or routes that are being used that shouldn t be used), as well as can help you target companies that are not based in your own area but impact your community that you might want to target. Be sure to pick an observation place that: Is safe to stand/sit in for a long period of time. Is in an area that you can actually count the trucks and get the company. Near stop lights or signs are ideal, as trucks need to slow down. Take a notepaper and pen and mark down the names of truck companies that you see. Don t forget small trucks that are diesel powered (ie, produce trucks, diary trucks or delivery trucks). Consider: Holidays or extra busy days. Try to get at least two days of data, 12 hours each, and average them. See which companies are the most active and at what times there is the most activity. Taking breaks and working in shifts. Weather heat, cold, rain, etc.
18 What types of vehicles use diesel engines? When filling out the diesel tracking form, be as specific as you can be about the type of vehicle being observed. Long-haul, 18-wheelers may produce more diesel gases than a small green grocer truck, especially when they are older models and are on the road longer. Buses (yellow school buses, travel or tour transport buses) Farm equipment (tractors, tillers) Construction equipment (cement mixers, bulldozers) Trucks: Trucks are held to different standards than passenger cars when it comes to Federal regulation rules. There are 8 classes for trucks based on their GVWR (gross vehicle weight rating), but 3 general types: light duty, medium duty, and heavy duty. This was originally to help farmers out from being penalized for transporting goods, but manufacturers have widened the definition and made many kinds of trucks available to the public. This makes spotting a diesel vehicle weighing more than 10,000 pounds a bit tricky. 1. heavy duty long-haul trucks (transport vehicles that carry large loads, like boxcars or freight), semi-trucks (18-wheelers), oil tankers, heavy construction equipment. 2. medium duty box delivery trucks and wagons, very large pickup trucks, dump trucks/ garbage trucks, heavy tow trucks, smaller flatbeds, electrical company vehicles (cherry pickers or cranes), emergency vehicles, armor cars. 3. light duty personal pickup trucks, oversize pickups, SUVs. Keep a look out for medium and heavy duty diesel vehicles. They are the easiest to spot. Remember that medium trucks can also be things like small delivery trucks, tow trucks, or construction vehicles.
19 Outreach Overview: Set up targeted education Community Education Announce that you are going to be in the community through a leaflet campaign, through a short radio announcement, word of mouth, or in the newspaper. The leaflets should be introductory: outline who you are, what you are planning to do, & why it is important. Secure outreach times and locations; it is best if community members are the ones also doing the outreach to their own communities. Trucker Education Once you know where the diesel hotspot areas are from your initial hotspot check, you can begin to get your material together and go talk to the trucker workers. Pick areas where you can get to talk to people regularly, especially if you note that there is a lot of idling. Consider the responses that you are getting when you approach people. See if your approach needs to be modified to fit the context of the conversations that you are having. Truck Company and Bus Company Owner Education Locate the local companies and make calls to set appointments up with the owner. If you note that there are a lot of out of state trucks idling, take note of the companies and then call the head office. Try to get through to the highest level person that you can to discuss a phone meeting.
20 How to conduct Outreach Tips on educating your community Factsheets: Diesel Exhaust and Children s Health Children s Bus Trifold Do Have people that are fluent in the languages that are used in your area part of your outreach team. Work in teams when possible. Give people the information to let them decide what they want to do with the information that they got. Support them in decisions to act on their new knowledge and give them time to think over the issues. Invite them to help with the project, if you can. Suggestions Don t forget to introduce yourselves and explain why you are talking with people, where you are from, and why you felt there was a need to talk to them about your issue. Don t assume you know everything. Be open to information that community members provide. Don t read off the information as from a script. Know it and be flexible with how you approach different people s needs and questions. If you aren t sure about something, try to find out and get back to them or learn for next time. Tips on educating diesel truck drivers Factsheets: Lungs of Truckers Diesel Idling Laws and ARB factsheet Myths and Facts Do Introduce self & organization you work for. Use a nonthreatening manner be polite & friendly. Give a short explanation of why you want to talk with them & project you are working on. Give them the following material: Trucker Lungs, Myths & Facts, and Diesel Idling Laws if the driver is the also owner of the company, give them the Funding & Grant Incentives also. Give them the information about truckers first and then information about the community. Explain to them the concerns of the community and the health impacts that they share in common. End the conversation by letting them know that you & others working on the project are going to be doing work in the community for a while. The point is to get the word out between truckers that you are not a threat but is a service to improve air health for everyone. Suggestions Don t begin the conversation aggressively, such as with do you know it is illegal to be idling here, etc. that might make people feel threatened. Don t give them the impression you are there to cite them for violations or are an inspector. Don t frame the talk so it seems like the blame on them or their work.instead, try to help them understand that there are better ways of doing their work without harming themselves or others-and that may even save them money in the long run. Don t forget to thank them for their time.
21 Tips for outreaching at schools Factsheets: [see appendix] School bus drivers: Bus trifold Myths and Facts Principals, school yard teachers and teachers: Children s Health Bus trifold Do Set up a meeting with the principal to inform him/her about diesel issues and campaign activities. Ask for support and cooperation. If possible, bring a letter of introduction with you, outlining who you are (a community member), who you work with, and what the program is about. Introduce yourself to school Yard Teacher (in grammar schools and preschools) or people that assist children on and off buses. Give the principal & yard teacher a copy of all the handouts & give them a log so they can help you keep an eye on the idling buses. If they don t want to approach drivers, they can help you be there when that bus pulls in next time. Your observation point should be clear of the road where buses come through, where there is offboarding/onboarding of students. If there are more than 2 or 3 buses or if there are multiple off-board stops, you may need more than one location. Do give school bus drivers the Children s Health, Bus trifold and Anti-Idling laws and regulations hand outs. Do check around for delivery trucks and other nonbus transports. Suggestions Don t forget to get clearance for anyone other than yourself who will be working in the area. Make sure they can be identified. If you can, bring this person with you to be introduced to the principal. Don t forget to leave contact information with them (a business card and phone number). Don t make it look like you re asking them to do your job or that you are giving them more work to do, but that you want to include them in the process and get their feedback. Don t hide yourself or seem like you are lurking about the schoolyard. Make sure you can be easily seen and be upfront about what you are doing if and when you are asked. This is also for your safety! Don t approach school bus drivers before students have off-boarded. Don t forget to approach and give materials to school delivery and supply trucks (see previous section, truck drivers).
22 Tips for outreaching to business owners and bus companies Factsheets: Diesel Idling Laws Good Neighbor Agreement Truckers Lungs Funding Resources School Bus Companies: All the above, plus Diesel and Children s Health Do Go to the office and speak to the general manager or owner and introduce yourself. If they can t make time for you right then, try to set up an appointment for another date with the office manager. Bring your datebook and business cards. Suggestions Don t give information and factsheets if you don t get to see them in person, but leave a business card to leave with them. On return visit, take: Anti-Idling Laws, Children s Health, Truckers Lungs, and the Funding information. Make sure this gets right into the hands of the General or Office manager. Try to get them to sign onto the Good Neighbor Agreement if you are on neutral or friendly terms; if terms are oppositional use the secondary version of the form entitled Diesel Education & Emissions Reduction Program. Anyone attending the meeting should be fully trained and ready with their points. Have an agenda made before you go and that you ve double checked all your facts. See if you can get agency folks or other regulator agents that are working on your issue to attend the meeting (still no more than three people). Before you go, make sure that the agency fellows know what your stance is and that you are both on the same page. Don t approach any drivers at the truck yard or company site. Don t take more than two or three (max) with you when visiting because you don t want to have too many people in the office at once. Don t correct or talk at the same time as one another. Present a united front and know who is talking about what. Speak with authority. Don t forget, this is your group s meeting. Make sure that you are getting your points across and that you are leading the conversations through the agenda you set.
23 Section 5: Data Collection & Management Some tips: Data collection is collecting, measuring and documenting the data from your outreach and truck counts in a careful and systematic way. The key to good data management and data collecting is consistency. Once you have the forms and tracking tools the way that you want them, make sure that everyone is using the same version and that everyone knows how to fill them out properly. It is easy to lose or misplace data. Some of the ways to prevent data loss is to back up the data. Either scan, copy, or put on a data disc, CD/DVD all the work at regular intervals. Keep your data in a consistent place and use a filing system. If you are handling a large number of surveys or tracking charts, make a computer database with Excel or Word and update it from the field tracking charts. Give your data manager time to go over the data. If you are handling large amounts of data, spot check it. This means going back and looking over random data to see if it was entered correctly. Questions to ask: How is the data being collected/managed (ie: outreach with tracking forms) Who is responsible for tracking and keeping the data? Who is responsible for tracking funding/resource use? How is the funding information being tracked? (ie, receipts & receipt log)? Who is going to collect the data? (ie: outreach personnel) Is there a database and file system already in place or that you need to learn how to use? Do you need to make one if there isn t? When should backups be made? Where is the data being put after it is collected? What do you plan to do with your data once you have it?
24 Using fact sheet hand outs, tracking forms, and data collection tools The material provided in this manual is to help communities impacted by diesel idling run a simple but proven effective diesel idling reduction program on their own. We have included samples of the kinds of tracking forms that we use, the fact sheet and handout materials that we used, and data collection instruments that we used when we do diesel idling education and advocacy. A full version of all the factsheets and materials is at the end of the guide in the appendix in both Spanish and English languages. Fact Sheets: These are used to educate people on diesel exhaust exposure, to provide information to diesel companies about grant upgrade incentives to reduce pollution. Different fact sheets have different groups that the information is geared towards. For example, we have material for truck drivers, trucking and busing companies, schools, and also material for communities. Sometimes the same fact sheet can be used for different groups. Tracking forms and data collection tools: We included an example of a timesheet to help track hours worked. We included an example trucker engagement log also. The trucker engagement log can be used to keep track of how many truckers idle in any given area, how long they idle for, and their company information. Good Neighbor Agreement: The Good Neighbor Agreement is a tool that says that the community is watching the company s actions and that the company will make a good-faith effort to improve their diesel-idling law compliance. Tip: If you want to print out the fact sheets to use for your campaign, be sure to make sure you are printing the right manual pages together. The trifold Idling Makes Kids Sick is 2-sided. Funding Resources is 3 pages total. The other factsheets are 1-sided and are partnered English and Spanish if you want to make them bilingual 2-sided.
25 Timesheets: What is this form used for? Used to keep track of worker hours and time spent at each activity. What goes on this form? Name, date, what was done that day, duration (time) spent, total hours per day and total hours per week. Who fills out this form? Each worker should have one timesheet per week of work. Name: Jenni Sue Sun 1/1/1 Mon 1/2/1 Tues 1/2/3 Weds 1/2/4 Date Activity Time Hours/ Day Diesel training #1 Truck counting at Alamo Sq Truck counting at Freemont 8am- 2pm 2pm- 6pm 4pm- 6pm If you are inputting timesheets into a spreadsheet, do so on a regular basis. Pay attention to payroll or amount of work per week requirements and plan around them using your project timeline. Thurs 1/2/5 Truck counting Harrod s 8am- 12pn Fri 1/2/6 Diesel training #2 4pm- 6pm Sat 1/2/7 Reported truck counts 6am- 12pm Collect all timesheets from workers together. Use file folders for each worker and put each worker into their own subfolder. If you have paid staff or outreach workers, timesheets should be kept as part of your records. Total Week: Write in name and dates for corresponding days of the week. 25 Be specific about activities. Include your times spent at each activity, especially if you did more than one activity per day. Write down the number of hours and total hours for each week. Timesheets should be handed in weekly to the person in charge 24 Make backup copies and check to make sure all records are up to date and well maintained.
26 Trucker Engagement Log: What is this form used for? The purpose of this log is twofold. It can be used to collect and track data on idling habits of diesel vehicles and also to track outreach. People working on the project should take this form with them when they go to observation locations and when they are doing outreach to truckers in the field. This log is used as evidence that idling occurs at these locations and can also be used to track the scope and success of your outreach strategies. It can also help pinpoint specific groups that are not complying with the rules and that need to be targeted. For example, if out of state truckers (with out of state plates) are a common problem, then a new strategy to contact those businesses and set up a meeting might be fruitful. What goes on this form? The date Specific monitoring location you are observing Name of the data collector Time observed idling STARTS and STOPS (duration). Total approximate time idled Type of vehicle What company/business of idling vehicle State plate of observed vehicle. What is it used for? Used to track days and times of work. Used to track locations of work. Used to track who is taking the info. Used for tracking how long people idle Used if the truck was observed idling (duration) Used to keep track of types of idling vehicles. Used to find potential targets for outreach. Used to show if the traffic is local or out of state. If you gave the vehicle drivers info Used to track how many people given info to. If you talked to the vehicle drivers Used to track how many people spoken to. Log example Trucker Engagement Date: Monitoring Location: 1/1/11 10th avenue and Johnston Data Collector: Jenni Sue Time Started Time Stopped Approximate Time Idling (If Transport) Carrier Co./Container Type of Vehicle Co. License Plate # State Plate 1:00 1:10 10 min Heavy duty mike's trucking co A930E45 IL 6:15 6:30 15 min Medium duty Del trucking co E4586T9 CA 9:05 9:10 5 min Oil carrier J&L Carry Inc Q9E3356 CO
27 Good Neighbor Agreements: What is this form used for? This form is used with truck company or business owners as an agreement with the community that they will abide by diesel idling laws. It is a way to indicate support and willingness to be held accountable for the actions and be in partnership with your group on the stance of diesel idling. What goes on this form? Your community name, signatures from authorized agents of the business, date and title of the person signing. Who fills out this form? The businesses or company agent (preferably the owner or director) GOOD NEIGHBOR AGREEMENT We the undersigned company hereby agree to be a Good Neighbor and we sign this Good Neighbor Agreement to confirm and demonstrate our commitment to help protect the health and environment of the community by ensuring our compliance with laws to protect public health and air quality from diesel emissions. This is a voluntary agreement to reduce diesel pollution in order to protect the environment, the health of residents and workers and also to save energy. We care about and respect the health, safety, well-being, and prosperity of all who live and work in the community where our business operates. Therefore, we agree to the following: 1. We will obey all laws, regulations and guidelines applying to diesel emissions and idling reduction. 2. We will anticipate future diesel fuel laws and regulations and make every reasonable effort to replace, repair, and retrofit equipment with improved standards beyond those currently required for ourselves and encourage those with whom we do business to do the same. 3. We will post idling reduction laws prominently on our premises. 4. We will offer training and/or information to staff, drivers, operators, community members, vendors, and others as applicable on diesel idling laws and regulations, procedures to report violation, health effects of diesel emission exposure and other relevant information. Authorized Company Official: The undersigned, on behalf of understands and agrees to the terms of the GOOD NEIGHBOR AGREEMENT Signature Date If possible, the Good Neighbor Agreement should be collected on the spot at the end of a meeting between your group and the business. However, sometimes the business might require an evaluation of the agreement by others before signing (such as a Board), so make sure that contact information is left for them to return the Agreement. You can also call them back and set up a follow-up meeting to collect the Agreement, but it is usually easier to get everything at one time. Print name Title Business Address
28 Section 6: Resources & Information for Financial Opportunities for Truck Business San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District: Incentive and Grant programs for Truck and Transport Companies: The Carl Moyer Program The Air District administers the Carl Moyer Program in partnership with the California Air Resources Board (CARB). The Carl Moyer Program provides grants to reduce exhaust emissions from heavy-duty engines. Funding is available for projects to: replace old diesel engines with cleaner engines in existing equipment (retrofitting) retrofit existing diesel engines with emission control devices purchase new vehicles or equipment with emissions below applicable state and federal standards replace specific diesel equipment such as marine shore-side, agricultural, airport ground support equipment with zero-emissions electric equipment, purchase zero-emission electric idling reduction equipment For more info: Voucher Incentive Program for small truck fleets Full list and requirements: The Emission Reduction Incentive Program Group is responsible for the development, implementation, and on-going administration of all District grant and incentive programs, including the Heavy-Duty Engine Incentive and REMOVE II Programs. These incentive programs provide a positive impact on air quality and are highly successful due to the fact that participation is voluntary. The District has operated incentive programs since or fewer heavy duty trucks with 2002 or older engines operate at least 75% of the time in CA For more info: Goods Movement Emission Reduction Program: bond_fa.htm Replacement of a truck with 2003 or older model year engine (the new truck should be the same GVWR class as the old truck Repower of a truck with engine model year Retrofit of a truck with model year engine with an ARB-verified diesel emission control device (exhaust retrofit). Incentive and Grant programs for School Bus companies: funding/schoolbus_fa.htm Lower Emission School Bus Program: provides incentive funds for the replacement of 1986 and older school buses and for the retrofit of 1987 and newer school buses with an ARB Level 3 Plus verified emission control device. Applicants must obtain approval and have a signed, executed contract from the air district prior to purchase and installation of a retrofit/vehicle. Any retrofit/vehicle purchased and installed prior to contract execution is ineligible. Please note that the Lower-Emission School Bus Program is not a rebate program. For more info: grant_programs/school-bus/general%20docs/lesbp%20payment%20procedures%20june2011.pdf
32 Cuáles son las leyes sobre las restricciones de motores de diesel? 1. Es prohibido mantener un motor de diesel prendido cuando no esta en operación, incluyendo si el chofer esta durmiendo o descansando dentro de 100 píes de zonas residenciales o zonas escolares. 2.En las escuelas, los chóferes de vehículos 3.comerciales de diesel y los autobuses escolares deben pagar su motores inmediatamente cuando llegan a su destino sin volver a prenderlos hasta 30 segundos antes de partir. 3.Fuera de las zonas residenciales y escolares: hay limite de 5 minutes del motor prendido mientras no 4.esta en operación.
33 What are the Diesel Idling laws? Idling fore more than 5 minutes is prohibited in CA, including if the driver is sleeping or resting except for specific exemptions to this rule. Within 100 feet of residential or school zones, you cannot idle for more than 5 minutes while you que (line up) or idle, even if you have NOx idling emission standard. At schools, drivers of commercial diesel vehicles and school buses must turn off their engines immediately upon arriving and restart no more than 30 seconds prior to leaving.
34 What is Idling? Diesel Idling Laws Running an engine when the vehicle is not in motion. This can happen if the vehicle is parked but the engine is on, the vehicle is waiting in a line, or stopped in deadlocked traffic. What vehicles are regulated by these idling laws? Diesel-fueled commercial vehicles weighing more than 10,000 pounds that are operating in California, regardless of where they are registered. What are the laws? 1. There is a 5 minute limit on idling in California (except for exemptions) 2. Idling for more than 5 minutes is prohibited, including if the driver is sleeping or resting or waiting in lines or trucks with NOx systems, within 100 feet of residential or school zones. 3. At schools, drivers of commercial diesel vehicles and school buses must turn off their engines immediately upon arriving and restart no more than 30 seconds prior to leaving. Exceptions! 1. Vehicle is stuck in traffic. 2. When idling is necessary for inspecting or servicing the vehicle. 3. Operating a power take-off device (found in cement mixers, garbage trucks, to move cargo, etc). 4. Cannot move because of bad weather conditions or mechanical failure. 5. Queuing (lining up) must be beyond 100 feet from any residential area. 6. Buses may idle for up to ten minutes when passengers are boarding or onboard. 7. Emergency vehicles, or in the event of emergencies.
35 GOOD NEIGHBOR AGREEMENT We the undersigned company hereby agree to be a Good Neighbor and we sign this Good Neighbor Agreement to confirm and demonstrate our commitment to help protect the health and environment of the community by ensuring our compliance with laws to protect public health and air quality from diesel emissions. This is a voluntary agreement to reduce diesel pollution in order to protect the environment, the health of residents and workers and also to save energy. We care about and respect the health, safety, well-being, and prosperity of all who live and work in the community where our business operates. Therefore, we agree to the following: Therefore, we agree to the following: 1. We will obey all laws, regulations and guidelines applying to diesel emissions and idling reduction. 2. We will anticipate future diesel fuel laws and regulations and make every reasonable effort to replace, repair, and retrofit equipment with improved standards beyond those currently required for ourselves and encourage those with whom we do business to do the same. 3. We will post idling reduction laws prominently on our premises. 4. We will offer training and/or information to staff, drivers, operators, community members, vendors, and others as applicable on diesel idling laws and regulations, procedures to report violation, health effects of diesel emission exposure and other relevant information. Authorized Company Official: The undersigned, on behalf of understands and agrees to the terms of the GOOD NEIGHBOR AGREEMENT Signature Date Print name Title Business Address
36 ACUERDO DE BUEN VECINO Nosotros los firmantes de esta empresa nos comprometemos a ser Buen Vecinos y firmamos este Acuerdo Buen Vecino para confirmar y demonstrar nuestro compromiso de protegar la salud y el ambeiente de la comunidad con asegurar nuestro cumplimento con las leyes que protegen la salud del publico y la calidad del aire del escape del las emisiones de la diesel. Este es un acuerdo voluntario para reducir la contaminación del escape de diesel para proteger el ambiente y la salud de los residentes y trabajadores y para conservar la energía. Nos importa y respetamos la salud, seguridad, y prosperidad de todos los que viven y trabajan en la comunidad donde operamos nuestro negocio. Por lo tanto, estamos de acuerdo en lo siguiente: 1. Vamos a obedecer toda las leyes, regulaciones y reglamentos aplicables a las emisiones de diesel al relentí y reduccíon. 2. Vamos a anticipar futuras leyes de combustible diesel y reglamentos y hacer todos los esfuerzos razonables para reemplazar, reparar y modemizar el equip con mejores niveles más allá de los que actualmente se requieren para nostros y para animar a las personas con las que hacemos negocios a hacer lo mismo. 3. Pondremos avisos de leyes de manera prominente para reduccíon de ralenti en nuestras estableciomientos. 4. Vamos a ofrecer entrenamiento y/o informacíon al personal, lost conductors, operadores, miembros de la comunidad, proveedores y ostros, según proceda en diesel al ralentí leyes reglamentos, procedimientos para reportar violación, efectos sobre la salud de la exposición a emisiones de diesel yaotra información pertinente. Firma autorizada official: El abajo firmante, en nombre de: Entendemos y acepta los términios del Acuerdo del Buen Vecino Firma Fecha Imprina el nombre del título Direccíon de oficina Por favor devuela a:
37 Diesel Exhaust and Children s Health: Everyday Exposures and how they make a big difference Do you or your children ride the school bus? Have you seen school buses with their engines running but not moving (idling), like when the bus is waiting to pick your child up at school? Do you or your children have asthma? Do you know anyone that does? FOR MORE INFORMATION: Greenaction for Health and Environmental Justice Kettleman City Office: (559) San Francisco Office: (415) It is common to see and smell a black cloud of smoke (diesel exhaust) coming from the back of an idling school bus. This exhaust can enter school buses and buildings air intake vents and pollute the inside of the building or bus posing a health risk to students and teachers throughout the school day. Did you know? Diesel exhaust contains 40 different chemicals that the state of California has identified as toxic health contaminants. Diesel soot accounts for 71% of the cancer risks from all toxic air contaminants. Heavy-duty trucks using diesel can create the same amount of air pollution as 150 passenger cars. Diesel exhaust is linked to both lung cancer and the development of asthma. Diesel exhaust is known to cause inflammation and damage lung and heart tissue. It impairs pulmonary function (blood flow between the lungs and heart), increases the severity of allergic responses to known allergens, causes lightheadedness, nausea, vomiting, and may cause tingling in the arms and legs. Over 30 human epidemiological studies have found links between cancer and diesel exhaust. Diesel exhaust contains high levels of fine particulate pollution easily inhaled into the lungs but not easily exhaled. These particulates stay in the lungs for long periods of time, ultimately corroding cells. The worst type of particulate matter is less than 2.5 microns in diameter (one micron is one millionth of a meter). 90% of the particulate matter emitted by diesel fueled vehicles is less than 2.5 microns in diameter.
38 El extractor de diesel y la salud de los niños Exposiciones diarias y como pueden hacer una gran diferencia Has visto autobuses escolares o camiones con los motores encendidos pero estacionados? Has visto a los autobuses escolares con sus motores prendidos estando estacionados (idling) tal como cuando estan subiendo o bajando a los alumnos? Padeces de asma o conoces a alguien que padezca de asma? FOR MORE INFORMATION: Greenaction for Health and Environmental Justice Kettleman City Office: (559) San Francisco Office: (415) nuestra comunidad. Sabias Que? Es común ver y oler la nube oscura de humo que sale de un camión o un autobús escolar mientras esta estacionado (gases diesel). Estos gases entran en nuestros hogares y edificios por medio de la ventilación convirtiéndose en una amenaza a la salud de nuestros niños y La contaminación de diesel contiene 40 químicos que han sido identificados por el estado de California como contaminantes tóxicos para la salud. Contando a todos los contaminantes tóxicos en el aire, la contaminación de gases diesel es responsable del 70% de los riesgos de cáncer. Camiones de equipo pesado que utilizan diesel tienen la capacidad de crear la misma contaminación que crean 150 carros de pasajeros. Las emisiones diesel se consideran una razón para el cáncer del pulmón y el desarrollo de asma. La contaminación diesel causa inflamación y daño al tejido pulmonar, problemas con la función pulmonar, además de aumentar las respuestas alérgicas y síntomas similares al asma y causar mareos, nausea, vómitos y calambre en las extremidades. El crecimiento de tumores puede ocurrir ya que los gases diesel contienen niveles altos de partículas finas contaminantes. Estas partículas son fácilmente inhaladas y permanecen en los pulmones por largo tiempo corrompiendo las células. Las peores partículas finas contaminantes son mas pequeñas que 2.5 micrones de diámetro. El 90% de estas partículas emitidas por vehículos diesel es menor de 2.5 micrón de diámetro.
39 The Lungs of Truck Drivers Greenaction for Health & Environmental Justice ATTENTION TRUCK DRIVERS! YOUR HEALTH IS AT RISK FROM DIESEL POLLUTION! Diesel is Harmful to Your Health Truck Drivers Face Huge Health Risks Diesel engines release a toxic brew of particles, smog forming molecules, and volatile compounds. On the job exposure to diesel pollution of truck drivers and other workers is associated with 40% higher lung cancer risk compared to the rest of the population. Diesel exhaust is responsible for 70% of the total cancer risk from air pollution. Long -term exposure can increase the risk for heart attacks, emergency room visits, birth defects, low birth weights, premature birth, and increased rates of death. At the end of my shift, when I get home, I wash my face. It takes a few cotton swabs, and they are covered in black when I am done. --Gina, Port of Oakland truck driver High Diesel Levels Inside Truck Cabs A recent National Resources Defense Council study of the Port of Oakland trucks revealed that truck cabs have alarmingly high levels of pollution. The same study showed that the average black carbon levels measured within the truck cabs were at least 10 times higher than the background level found in a residential area of Oakland. The air in newer trucks tends to be slightly cleaner than the older trucks. A study from the US Environmental Protection Agency shows that concentrations of nitrogen oxide and diesel particulate matter inside truck cabs are the lowest when the engine is off compared to when idling. The estimated diesel exhaust inside the truck cabs increases health risks by up to 2,600 excess cancers per million drivers. This is twice the acceptable level according to OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) standards. It is also up to 2,000 times greater than the level typically considered acceptable by state and federal EPA agencies. I get these coughs that don t go away for weeks at a time, and my throat always feels sore, Lorenzo, Port of Oakland truck driver What can you do? Get involved and get educated about the effects diesel can have on your environment and health. Replace or repair your older truck. The Carl Moyer Program may be able to help pay to upgrade or replace older diesel engines. FOR MORE INFORMATION: Greenaction for Health and Environmental Justice PO Box 277 Kettleman City, CA Kettleman City Office: (559) PO Box San Francisco Office: (415)
40 Los Pulmones de Camioneros Greenaction for Health & Environmental Justice ATENCIÓN CAMIONERO! SU SALUD ESTA EN RIESGO A CAUSA DE LA CONTAMINACIÓN DIESEL! Diesel es Dañino Para su Salud Los motores diesel emiten una combinación de partículas tóxicas, moléculas que forman gases. Los camioneros están expuestos a la contaminación diesel durante sus horas de trabajo y por lo tanto tienen 40% mas probabilidad de desarrollar cáncer comparado con otro tipo de trabajo. Al final de mi turno, cuando llego a la casa, me lavo la cara y tengo que usar varios paños los cuales terminan cubiertos en costra negra Gina, camionera del Puerto de Oakland Los gases diesel son responsables del 70% de riesgo de adquirir cáncer a causa de la contaminación al ambiente. El exponerse a largo plazo a la contaminación de gases diesel aumenta el riesgo de ataques cardiacos, visitas a la sala de emergencia, defectos al feto, peso bajo de feto. Niveles Altos de Gases Diesel Dentro de la Cabina del Camión Un estudio reciente producido por el Consejo Nacional de Defensa de Recursos (NRDC, por sus siglas en ingles) en el Puerto de Oakland revelo que las cabinas de los camiones acumulan niveles alarmantes de gases diesel. El mismo estudio revelo que el promedio de carbono negro encontrado dentro de la cabina es 10 veces mas alto comparado con el aire afuera del camión.el aire dentro de las cabinas de camiones nuevos tiende a ser mas limpio comparado con los camiones viejos. Un estudio de la Agencia de Protección Ambiental de EEUU (US EPA, por sus siglas en ingles) demostró que los niveles de oxido de nitrógeno y de partículas tóxicas que se concentran dentro de la cabina de camiones son mas altos cuando el camión esta con el motor encendido pero permanece parado que cuando el camión esta en movimiento. Los Camioneros Enfrentan un Alto Riesgo para su Salud El gas diesel que se estima encontrarse dentro de la cabina del camión aumenta los riesgos de salud hasta 2,600 casos en exceso de cáncer por cada millón de conductores. Este es el doble del nivel aceptable de acuerdo a la Administración Ocupacional de Seguridad y Salud (OSHA, por sus siglas es ingles). Es también mas de 2,000 veces mas alto del nivel típicamente considerado aceptable por las Agencias de Protección Ambiental federales y estatales. Qué puedes hacer? Me da una tos que no se me va en semanas y mi garganta siempre me duele Lorenzo, camionero del Puerto de Oakland Edúquese sobre los efectos que tienen los gases diesel en su salud y en el ambiente. Repare o reemplace su viejo camión. El programa de Carl Moyers, por ejemplo, podría ayudarle a mejorar o reemplazar su viejo motor diesel. El Programa d Carl Moyers es un programa de incentivos que se enfoca en reemplazar motores viejos de diesel con motores eléctricos, combustibles alternativos, o tecnología diesel mas limpia. Compañías privadas, agencias publicas y el publico en general que opera camiones diesel de equipo pesado en California pueden solicitar estos fondos. (ver el folleto incluido en este paquete informativo) PARA MAS INFORMACION: Greenaction para la Salud y la Justicia Ambiental PO Box 277 Kettleman City, CA Kettleman City Office: (559) PO Box San Francisco Office: (415)
41 California Anti-idling Laws and Regulations The California Anti-Idling Law was adopted to reduce the health & environmental impact of diesel exhaust emissions. Commercial diesel vehicles over 10,000 lbs. such as school buses, transit buses, delivery trucks, big-rigs, school buses, general public paratransit vehicles and other commercial motor vehicles, are subject to a 5 minute idling limit in California. Trucks cannot idle while they are resting or sleeping. If a truck has a new NOx system, they still cannot idle within 100 feet of a residential zone for more than 5 minutes. This includes using APS systems (auxiliary power systems) or lining up (queuing). Starting with model year 2008, all heavy-duty diesel trucks sold in California must be equipped with an automatic engine shutdown device to be activated after 5 minutes of idling. At schools, drivers from commercial diesel vehicles and school buses must turn off the vehicle engine upon stopping at a school or within 100 feet of it, and must not turn it on more than 30 seconds before beginning to depart from a school or from within 100 feet of a school. A motor carrier (bus company owner) of a school bus, school pupil activity bus, youth bus, or public paratransit vehicle must ensure that the bus or vehicle driver, upon employment and at least once per year thereafter, is informed of the idling requirements and of the consequences of not complying. Violations of the idling provisions can result in a minimum of $100 first offense penalty. EXCEPTIONS ARE MADE FOR THE FOLLOWING REASONS: Bus passengers are onboard or 10 minutes prior to boarding. Bad traffic or weather conditions. Queuing (lining up) beyond 100 of residential units. During vehicle safety inspection. During service or repair. Power takeoff involving cargo or work functions. Prevent safety or health emergency. Emergency vehicles FOR MORE INFORMATION: Greenaction for Health and Environmental Justice Kettleman City Office: (559) San Francisco Office: (415) A motor carrier must ensure that all complaints of non -compliance and enforcement actions are reviewed and remedial action is taken as necessary. These records must be kept for at least three years and made available to enforcement personnel within three business days of their request.
42 Leyes de California que Regulan los Vehículos Diesel que Permanecen Encendidos Mientras Están Parados Leyes que regulan camiones y autobuses que permanecen parados con el motor encendido fueron adoptadas para reducir el impacto en la salud y en el ambiente de los gases de diesel. Violaciones a esta ley resultaran en una penalidad no menor de $ Vehículos comerciales diesel sobre 10,000 libras tales como autobuses escolares, autobuses públicos o camiones de entrega tienen que cumplir con el reglamento de no mas de 5 minutos con el motor encendido mientras están sujetos a 5 minutos al ralentí el límite a 100 pies de zonas residenciales. En las escuelas, los conductores de autobuses deben apagar el motor del vehículo al detenerse en la escuela o a 100 pies de la misma y no deben encenderlo mas de 30 segundos antes de continuar con su ruta. Es mandatorio que se le informe al chofer del autobús por lo menos una vez al año de los cambios en leyes y regulaciones y las consecuencias que conlleva no cumplir con la ley. Todos los vehículos diesel de equipo pesado vendidos en el estado de California, deberán estar equipados con un sistema que automáticamente apague el motor después de cinco minutos de que el vehículo este parado. Comenzando con el año modelo 2008, todos los camiones diesel vendidos en California se deben equipar con un mecanismo de parada automática de motor que se activará despues de estar parado por 5 minutos. Se podrán hacer excepciones en las siguientes circunstancias: Los pasajeros están abordo del autobús o diez minutos previo al abordaje Condiciones del trafico y del clima Haciendo linea mas lejos de 100 de unidades residenciales Inspección de seguridad del vehículo. Servicios o reparaciones Como medida de prevención o seguridad Vehículos de emergencia PARA MAS INFOR- MACION: Greenaction para la Salud y la Justicia Ambiental Kettleman City Office: (559) San Francisco Office: (415) El supervisor de los autobuses debe asegurarse que todas las quejas sean investigadas y remediadas. Estos incidentes deberán ser documentados y archivados por tres años como mínimo así como también deberán estar disponibles para las autoridades en un periodo de no mas de 3 días.
43 DIESEL VEHICLE IDLING: MYTHS OR FACTS Greenaction for Health and Environmental Justice greenaction.org Myth: It's important to warm up the engine with a long idle period, especially in cold weather. Fact: Idling and running an engine at low speed causes wear on engines compared to driving at regular speeds. With today's school bus engines, bus and engine manufacturers routinely suggest a warm up time of less than 5 minutes. Myth: It's better for an engine to run at low speed (idling) than to run at regular speeds. Fact: Idling or running an engine at low speed causes twice the wear on internal parts compared to driving at regular speeds. Myth: The engine must be kept running in order to operate the school bus safety equipment (flashing lights, stop sign). It's impossible to run this equipment off the internal circuitry of the bus because the battery will run down. Fact: Safety equipment can be operated without the engine running through re-wired circuitry for up to 60 minutes with no ill-effects on the electrical system of the bus. Myth: It s better to just leave the engine idling because a "cold start" produces more pollution. Fact: Restarted school bus contains less carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, and other pollutants than if the school bus idled continuously over a 10- minute period. Idling for more than 3 minutes emits more fine particle (soot) emissions than at restart (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). Myth: Idling is necessary to keep the cabin comfortable. Fact: Many buses will maintain a comfortable interior temperature for a while without idling, except for extreme conditions. Idling is not an efficient way to keep the cabin warm. Bus routes should be timed so children and drivers do not need to spend a lot of extra time on the bus when it is not en route, particularly in hot or cold weather. In addition, auxiliary heaters can be purchased and installed to keep the cabin comfortable. FOR MORE INFORMATION: Greenaction for Health and Environmental Justice Kettleman City Office: (559) San Francisco Office: (415)
44 VEHICULOS DIESEL: MITOS O REALIDADES Greenaction por la Salúd y lajustícia ambiental Greenaction.org Mito: Es importante calentar el motor por un largo tiempo antes de partir, especialmente en clima frió. Realidad: Los sistemas de motores de autobuses escolares y otros vehículos están diseñados para mantenerse calientes en menos de cinco minutos. Manejar un vehículo a velocidad lenta o mantenerlo prendido mientras esta parado, causa mayor desgaste a las piezas del motor que manejarlo a velocidad normal. Mito: Es mejor para el motor del vehículo, manejarlo a poca velocidad que a velocidad regular. Realidad: Correr con el motor a poca velocidad causa el doble el desgaste a las partes internas comparado cuando el vehículo se corre a velocidad normal. FOR MORE INFORMATION: Greenaction Kettleman City Office: (559) San Francisco Office: (415) Mito: El motor del vehículo debe mantenerse encendido para que el vehículo pueda operar los sistemas de seguridad (luces intermitentes, señal de pare). Es imposible operar estos sistemas con el circuito interno del autobús porque esto causaría Realidad: El autobús puede operar todos sus sistemas de seguridad por un periodo de una hora sin afectar el sistema eléctrico del autobús. Mito: Mantener el motor encendido mientras esta estacionado es necesario para mantener la temperatura de la cabina cómoda. Realidad: Muchos autobuses mantendrán un ambiente cómodo en la cabina por un largo tiempo después de apagar el motor. De hecho, dejar el vehículo encendido mientras esta parado para mantener la cabina en temperatura agradable no esta permitido por la ley. Las rutas de los autobuses escolares deben ser organizadas de modo que los estudiantes y los choferes no pasen tiempo innecesario en el autobus mientras no esta corriendo. Calentadores adicionales se pueden instalar para mantener la cabina caliente. Mito: Es mas conveniente dejar el motor encendido durante paradas ya que prender el vehículo frió ocasiona mas contaminación. Realidad: Las emisiones de monóxido de carbono, oxido de nitrato y otros contaminantes son menores cuando el motor se vuelve a encender que cuando el motor permanece encen Dido por un periodo continuo de diez minutos. Un autobús parado con el motor encendido por mas de tres minutos emite mas partículas finas (contaminantes) que cuando el autobus se apaga y se enciende nuevamente.
45 Did you know these facts? When you re in an idling school bus: You are breathing diesel fumes Your lungs get weaker Bronchitis lasts longer Asthma problems get worse You are more likely to be hospitalized Breathing gets difficult Idling Buses Make Kids Sick!
46 REDUCED IDLING = CLEAN AIR Idling is when the engine is on but the bus isn t going anywhere. This usually happens when the bus is waiting to pick students up or drop them off for school or school activities. When your school bus idles, it pollutes the air inside where you are and around where people are standing. By idling less, your bus can do its share for clean air! REDUCING IDLING CAN: Make air cleaner in your community Help everyone breathe easier Save money by not wasting fuel Reduce wear and tear on your bus engine! The less I Idle, the better I drive! HERE IS WHAT YOU CAN DO: Help make Reduce Idling signs for your school parking lot If your bus driver idles while you are inside the bus, ask him or her respectfully: Would you please turn your engine off while we wait? Talk to your teacher or principal about why it s important to reduce school bus idling FOR MORE INFORMATION CONTACT: GREENACTION for Health and Environmental Justice (559)
47 Cuando estas dentro de un autobús parado (idling): Estas respirando humos de gases diesel Tus pulmones se debilitan La bronquitis tarda mas en curarse El asma empeora SABIAS QUE? Tienes mas posibilidad de una hospitalización Es mas difícil respirar!los Autobuses Parados Con El motor Encendido Enferman a los niños!
48 Limpiar el aire de tu Idling is APAGAR EL MOTOR = AIRE LIMPIO Idling es cuando el motor esta encendido y el autobús esta parado. Esto occure cuando el autobús esta esperando recoger a los niños o cuando el autobús deja a los niños en la escuela o en actividades escolares. Cuando el autobús se mantiene parado con el motor encendido (idling), el aire dentro del autobús donde tu estas se contamina, al igual que en los alrededores donde otras personas están paradas. TAL REDUCIR IDLING SE PUEDE: comunidad Ayudar a todos a respirar mas fácil Ahorrar el dinero que se gasta en gasolina Si apago el motor,conduzco mejor! Qué puedes hacer? Ayuda a hacer letreros para la escuela que digan Reduce Idling Si el conductor del autobús esta idling mientras tu estas dentro del mismo, respetuosamente pidele que por favor apague el motor. Habla con tu maestro/maestra o con el principal de tu escuela y explicale porque es importante reducir el tiempo que los autobúses escolares permanecen prendidos mientas estan parados. PARA MAS INFORMACION: Greenaction para la Salud y la Justicia Ambiental Kettleman City Office: (559) PO Box 277 Kettleman City, CA San Francisco Office: (415)
49 Diesel Emission Reduction Funding Resources Greenaction for Health and Environmental Justice Diesel pollution threatens our community s health! Benefits of Reducing Idling Reducing the idling time of heavy-duty trucks and other vehicles saves fuel and money and protects public health and the environment! Protecting Public Health and the Environment: Idle reduction strategies can reduce idling -related emissions of nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, particulate matter, and other harmful pollutants by up to 99%. Saving Fuel and Money: Argonne National Laboratory estimates that approximately 460,000 long-haul trucks operating in the United States use 838 million gallons of fuel per year while idling six hours per day. That wasted diesel fuel translates into at least $1.4 billion annually, much of which could be saved by drivers using idle reduction technologies. Reducing idle time could also reduce engine wear and maintenance costs. Preventing Engine Wear-and-Tear Engine manufacturers usually recommend no more than 3 to 5 minutes of idling. Caterpillar Inc. cautions drivers that excess idling can cause carbon buildup and can cause the engine to slobber, which is harmful to the engine. Idle reduction strategies reduce noise pollution as well. In some areas, trucks are required to limit noise at night, when they are typically idling. By reducing idle time, drivers can reduce engine idling noise and meet noise standards, ~U.S. Department of Energy
50 Financial Programs Offered by Public and Private Agencies Air District & California Air Resources Board The Goods Movement Emission Reduction Program is a partnership between the State Air Resources Board (ARB) and local agencies (like air districts, ports, and transportation agencies) to quickly reduce air pollution emissions and health risks from freight movement along California's trade corridors. Local agencies will provide financial incentives to owners of equipment used in freight movement to upgrade to cleaner technologies. Projects funded under this program must achieve emission reductions not required by law or regulation. For details and more information, please visit: grant_programs/ grantprograms.htm#removeii The Lower-Emission School Bus Program is used to reduce school children's exposure to both cancer-causing and smog-forming pollution. The program provides grant funding for new, safer school buses and to put air pollution control equipment (i.e., retrofit devices) on buses that are already on the road. Carl Moyer Program in partnership with the California Air Resources Board (CARB). The Carl Moyer Program provides grants to reduce exhaust emissions from heavy-duty engines. Funding is available for projects to: replace old diesel engines with cleaner engines in existing equipment retrofit existing diesel engines with emission control devices purchase new vehicles or equipment with emissions below applicable state and federal standards replace specific diesel equipment such as marine shore-side, agricultural, airport ground support equipment with zero-emissions electric equipment, purchase zero-emission electric idling reduction equipment Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) National Clean Diesel Funding Assistance Program provides funding to reduce emissions from existing diesel engines through a variety of strategies, including add-on emission control retrofit technologies, idle reduction technologies, cleaner fuel use, engine repower and upgrades, vehicle or equipment replacement, and innovative finance programs to fund diesel emissions reduction projects. Under this grant program, funding is restricted to the use of EPA and California Air Resources Board (CARB) verified and certified diesel emission reduction technologies. SmartWay Transport Partnership is a collaborative voluntary program between the EPA and the freight industry that will increase the energy efficiency and energy security of our country while significantly reducing air pollution and greenhouse gases: smartway/. Cascade Sierra Solutions The Small Business Express Loan is available for EPA SmartWay technology upgrades for trucks from any US state. This financing is part of the Small Business Administration s (SBA) Express Loan Program. Cascade Sierra Solutions is an authorized Technical Assistance Center for the Small Business Administration. For more information: main/sq/ CascadeSierraLogin.aspx
51 Local Resources What can you do to get involved? San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District The Emission Reduction Incentive Program Group is responsible for the development, implementation, and on-going administration of all District grant and incentive programs, including the Heavy-Duty Engine Incentive and REMOVE II Programs. These incentive programs provide a positive impact on air quality and are highly successful due to the fact that participation is voluntary. The District has operated incentive programs since grantprograms.htm Other Resources: The New England Asthma Regional Council The Toolkit for Reducing Diesel Emissions is designed to help school communities, environmental officials, and others make informed decisions about ways to reduce harmful diesel emissions from school buses. It includes materials created by the Asthma Regional Council and resources developed by numerous organizations and agencies around the country. Originally designed to support activities in New England, the resources may benefit any state that seeks to improve the health of America s school children by reducing diesel bus emission It All Adds Up to Cleaner Air is a unique public education and partnership-building initiative developed collaboratively by several federal agencies to help regional, state and community efforts to reduce traffic congestion and air pollution: Take Action! Report a violation: San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District: AIR Vehicle idling near a school (within 100 feet and for more than 5 minutes) or for commercial truck idling: ARB's Vehicle Complaint Hotline, or END-SMOG with the following information: For schools: Vehicle Type School Location and District License Plate Number Vehicle Company Name and Number Date, Time, and Location of the Incident Approximate Year of the Vehicle Make and Model of the Vehicle. For commercial: Commercial Vehicle Type License Plate Number Vehicle Company Name and Number Date, Time, and Location of the Incident Approximate Year of the Vehicle Make and Model of the Vehicle Greenaction for Health and Environmental Justice Kettleman City Office: (559) San Francisco Office: (415)
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