Social Studies World History Unit 04B : The Middle Ages in Africa and Asia

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1 Social Studies World History Unit 04B : The Middle Ages in Africa and Asia

2 1 Which of the following generalizations can be made about the Mongols during the Middle Ages? A They generally brought learning and prosperity to the lands they conquered in Europe. B They controlled all of Europe, Asia, and North Africa at the height of their conquests. 4 All of the following are ways that Islam influences law and government in Muslim societies EXCEPT F regulates family life and business matters G provides a code for moral conduct H requires a tax to help the poor regulates trade between Muslim nations C They joined with the Islamic armies to spread Islam along with Mongolian culture. 5 Use the list and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question. D They spread across Eurasia to become one of the largest empires in history. 2 All of the following are effects of the spread of Islam into Africa EXCEPT F new language blended from Bantu and Arabic G new Arab trading settlement emerged along the eastern coast of Africa H growth of commerce and trade in East Africa a blending of Christianity and Islam in Eastern Africa 3 All of the following developed in the Islamic caliphates and spread to people they contacted EXCEPT A paper money B algebra C medical advances D astrolabe Khalsa The Five Ks Monotheistic Guru Nanak Dev Which religion is characterized by all of the above? A Islam B Hinduism C Sikhism D Buddhism 6 Which of the following is true about the interactions between Muslims and people in Asia and North Africa? F Muslims brought wealth to all these areas through their extensive trade networks. G Muslims forced conversion to Islam on all the populations they controlled. H Muslims brought the first slavery to all the regions they conquered. Muslims brought many of the religious ideas from other areas into their own faith. Page 2

3 7 Use the graphic organizer and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question. Which of the following completes the fishbone map above? A Opened itself to attacks by Hindu societies B Rise of Moscow C Access to Medieval Europe D Launching point for invasion of apan 8 Use the graphic organizer and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question. 9 What geographic factor limited the establishment of the Mongolian civilization in the Middle East? A distance B climate C waterways Which term or phrase completes the graphic explaining one of the main ways these societies came together during this era? D all of these F G invasion religion H language crusades Page 3

4 10 Use the passage and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question. This person had a great impact on China. He ruled successfully over the Chinese people without brutality from He invested in the people he conquered, laying the foundations of a grand empire. Eventually, overthrown by the Chinese, he still had a great impact during the Yuan Dynasty. Who is being described above? F G Yuan Kublai Kublai Khan H Genghis Khan Ogadi Khan Page 4

5 Use the map and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following two questions. 11 How did the geographic location of the caliphates affect trade in the Indian Ocean area? A Islamic empires controlled trade in much of the northwestern Indian Ocean and the Arabian Sea. B The Indian Ocean prevented the caliphates from spreading westward from their origin. C The location of the caliphates along the Mediterranean Sea prevented their spread into Europe where other religions and ways of life were established. D Proximity to the Indian Ocean made it easy for the caliphates to spread into the Mongolian Empire. 13 Which are the purposes of the qadis and imams in Islamic governments? A They are writers of constitutions. B They are both elected officials that represent the people. C They represent and lead political parties. D They are officials that create and interpret laws. 14 Abbasid caliphate : :: Fatimid caliphate : F Original Final G Damascus Baghdad H Baghdad Cairo Minor impact Major impact 12 Which significant location, identified with the question mark on the map, had the effect of a barrier to the expansion of Islam during the Middle Ages? F G Arabia Sahara Desert H Mongolia Iberian Peninsula Page 5

6 15 Which term belongs in Circle I? A Koran B Bible 17 Which term belongs in Circle III? A European exploration B History C Torah C 570 D Ten Commandments D ihad 16 Which term completes Circle II of the web? F G Alms Hajj H Moksha ihad Page 6

7 The rise of the Ghana Empire, centered on what is now Mali, Senegal, and southern Mauritania, paralleled the increase in trans Saharan trade. Mediterranean economies were short of gold, but could supply salt taken from places like the African salt mine of Taghaza, whereas West African countries had plenty of gold, but needed salt. The trans Saharan slave trade was also important because large numbers of Africans were sent north, generally to serve as domestic servants or slave concubines. The West African states imported highly trained slave soldiers. It has been estimated that from the 10th to the 19th century some 6,000 to 7,000 slaves were transported north each year. Perhaps as many as nine million slaves were exported along the trans Saharan caravan route. Several trade routes became established, perhaps the most important ending in what is now Morocco to the north. There, and in other North African cities, Berber traders had increased contact with Islam, encouraging conversions, and by the 8th century, Muslims were traveling to Ghana. Many in Ghana converted to Islam, and it is likely that the Empire's trade was privileged as a result. 18 Using the reading above, all of the following were part of the trans Saharan trade that included gold and salt EXCEPT F rise of Ghana as a power G East African commerce H large slave trade 20 republic : government :: caliphate : F government G army H religious deity ruler conversions to Islam 19 Which of the following is characteristic of slavery in Muslim and African societies during the Middle Ages? A Enslaved people had a variety of roles and responsibilities. B Enslaved people were not allowed to marry or reproduce. C Enslaved people could own land and sell their produce. D Enslaved people were not allowed to practice their religion. 21 What was the result of the Muslims moving into the area around erusalem during this era? A Christians were forced to leave that area forever. B A war with ewish inhabitants resulted. C They came into conflict with Christians. D They anointed erusalem as a holy city. Page 7

8 Use the passage and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question. Caliph Abu Bakr, the first successor of Muhammad, nominated Umar as Caliph on his deathbed, and there was consensus in the Muslim community to his choice. Umar Ibn Khattab, the second caliph, was assassinated by a servant. His successor, Uthman Ibn Affan, was elected by a council of electors (Majlis), but was soon perceived by some to be ruling as a "king" rather than an elected leader. Uthman was assassinated during an armed rebellion. Ali then took control but was not universally accepted as caliph by the governors of Egypt and later by some of his own guard. He faced two major rebellions and was assassinated after ruling only five years. This period is known as the Fitna, or the first Islamic civil war. 22 Using the reading above, what can be inferred about the development of caliphates in the Islamic faith? F G The caliphs that followed Muhammad were accepted as his choices. Muhammad did not clearly define how caliphs were to be determined. H The caliphs that ruled after Muhammad directly followed his teachings. Muhammad did not want to see a caliphate established after his death. 23 All of the following technological advances began in Tang or Ming China and spread to other cultures of contact EXCEPT A trigonometry B gunpowder C optics D magnetic compass Page 8

9 24 Which of the following best summarizes the effects of Mongol invasions on the Islamic world? F G Mongols controlled much of the Islamic region and were converted to Islam while they were in power. They left because the Seljuk Turks became powerful. Mongols were more interested in India and the spice trade than in the Islamic world, so they left Iraq and moved eastward to control South Asia. H Mongols destroyed the Islamic faith while they controlled the Islamic world, but were soon destroyed themselves by the rise of the Ottoman Turks. Mongols captured Baghdad and ended Seljuk Turk rule. Their control fell apart because they could not rule the distant region, allowing the Ottoman Turks to come to power. Page 9

10 25 Create a T Chart that summarizes the major political, economic, and cultural developments during the Tang Dynasty and Song Dynasty in China. Be sure to include at least one of each category on your T Chart. Page 10 STOP

11 Test Key Social Studies World History Unit 04B : The Middle Ages in Africa and Asia ## Item # Correct Answer Primary SE Secondary SE Obj/Cat 1 S0WH016282cs D WHS.1(C) 2 S0WH016286cs WHS.4(D) 3 S0WH016337cs A WHS.27(A) History 5 4 S0WH016335cs WHS.25(D) History 3 5 S0WH016334cs C WHS.23(A) History 3 6 S0WH016290cs F WHS.4(E) 7 S0WH018504CS B WHS.4(K) 8 S0WH018501CS F WHS.4(F) 9 S0WH018495CS A WHS.15(B) 10 S0WH018454CS G WHS.1(C) 11 S0WH018491CS A WHS.16(B) WHS.15(A) History 3 12 S0WH018494CS G WHS.16(A) WHS.15(A) History 3 13 S0WH018488CS D WHS.25(D) History 3 14 S0WH018455CS H WHS.1(C) 15 S0WH018450CS A WHS.1(B) 16 S0WH018449CS G WHS.1(B) 17 S0WH018451CS D WHS.1(B) 18 S0WH016325cs G WHS.4() 19 S0WH016321cs A WHS.4(I) 20 S0WH018452CS F WHS.1(C) 21 S0WH016299cs C WHS.4(E)

12 22 S0WH016281cs G WHS.1(C) 23 S0WH016338cs C WHS.27(A) History 5 24 S0WH016326cs WHS.4(K) 25 S0WH016320cs 0 to 4 WHS.4(H) WHS.30(C)

13 Scoring Rubrics 25 The Tang side of the T should have any of the following listed: Political - extended boundaries, brought Chinese influence to Korea, restored bureaucracy to manage empire, or created competitive civil service exams. Economic - increased trade on the Silk Road, tea arrived from Southeast Asia, or many new inventions brought in (examples in IFD). Cultural - Buddhism spread, more social mobility, movement to cities, decline in women's status. The Song side should have any of the following listed: Political - ruled mainly Southern China Economic - introduction of fast-growing rice which allowed population growth, spread of moveable type to apan and Korea, brought in paper money, or advanced sailing techniques. Cultural - New height in artworks or large growth in population, especially in cities. 4 all 6 entries on chart correctly done 3 4 or 5 entries correctly done 2 3 entries on chart correctly done 1 1 or 2 correct entries on chart 0 - The student does not attempt the task.

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