America s Reconstruction: A Failed Experiment in Equality and Justice

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1 America s Reconstruction: A Failed Experiment in Equality and Justice Johann Knets Hamilton-Wenham Regional High School 10 th Grade U.S. and World History, Honors and A1

2 U.S. History I The Revolution through Reconstruction, USI.41 Explain the policies and consequences of Reconstruction. the presidential election of 1876 and the end of Reconstruction (1896) A. Presidential and Congressional Reconstruction B. the impeachment of President Johnson C. the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments D. the opposition of Southern whites to Reconstruction E. the accomplishments and failures of Radical Reconstruction G. the rise of Jim Crow laws H. the Supreme Court case, Plessy v. Ferguson

3 Lesson One: Decisions and Conflicting Goals Begin with Winslow Homer artwork Students will engage in a decision making activity Goal is to get students to consider the major issues at stake prior to learning about the events of Reconstruction

4 Winslow Homer A Veteran in a New Field 1865

5 Winslow Homer Prisoners from the Front, St. Petersberg 1865

6 Lesson Two: Early Hope and Opportunity Discuss and interpret primary quotations Illustrate views of different groups Primary Sources: Special Field Order 15 and Slavery is Over Political cartoons in support of African American equality Scenes from PBS documentary, Reconstruction: The Second Civil War Sea Islands community

7 Harper s Weekly Nov. 16, 1867

8 Thomas Nast (Harper s Weekly) August 5, 1865

9 Lesson Three: Opposing View Points Winslow Homer artwork to illustrate new roles Compare and contrast primary sources, Jourdon Anderson (former slave) and George Barnwell (plantation owner) PBS documentary, scene showing southern fears of racial violence

10 Winslow Homer A Visit from the old Mistress 1876

11 Lesson Four: Slavery Without the Chain Begin with Louisiana Plantation image Discuss a sharecropping contract Winslow Homer artwork and images of sharecropping PBS documentary segment, Slavery without the Chain

12 "The Sugar Harvest in Louisiana," Harper's Weekly, October 30, 1875.

13 The Cotton Pickers, Winslow Homer 1876

14 Dressing for the Carnival Winslow Homer 1877

15

16 Five Generations of an African American Family 1862 Library of Congress

17 Lesson Five: Fear, Intimidation, and Violence Begin with political cartoon, "The Great Labor Question From a Southern Point of View," Discuss primary sources: Create a Found Poem Not Free Yet Mississippi Black Codes, 1865 Laws Fail to Protect Us Images of Violence, in groups with cartoon analysis wkst. PBS documentary, scene on the rise of the KKK

18 "The Great Labor Question From a Southern Point of View," Harper's Weekly, July 29, Caption: "My boy, we've toiled and taken care of you long enough - now, you've got to work!"

19 Thomas Nast (Harper s Weekly) Sept. 1, 1866 Supplement coverage of impeachment of Andrew Johnson

20 Harper s Weekly May 22, 1866

21 Thomas Nast (Harper s Weekly) One Less Vote July, 1868

22 Thomas Nast (Harper s Weekly) Sept. 2, 1876 "Is This a Republican Form of Government? Is This Protecting Life, Liberty, or Property? Is This the Equal Protection of the Laws?"

23 Thomas Nast (Harper s Weekly) March 23, 1867

24 Thomas Nast (Harper s Weekly) March 23, 1867

25 Thomas Nast Visit of the Ku Klux Klan Feb. 22, 1874

26 Thomas Nast (Harper s Weekly) EVERYTHING POINTS TO A DEMOCRATIC VICTORY THIS FALL Oct. 31, 1874

27 Thomas Nast (Harper s Weekly) Worse Than Slavery October 24,1874

28 Thomas Nast (Harper s Weekly Colored Rule in a Reconstruction State March 14, 1874

29 Lessons Not Included, but in Existence Myths of Reconstruction Legacy of Reconstruction: Successes and Failures Reconstruction DBQ Essay: Racial Stereotypes and the impact of Plessy v. Ferguson

30 Full Bibliography Attached, but especially useful sources Digital History website Eric Foner, Reconstruction: The People and Politics After the Civil War PBS.org, Reconstruction: The Second Civil War Gilder Lehrman website, Reconstruction Module and interview with Eric Foner Edsitement lesson plans

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