# PREPARING FOR THE LSAT THE THREE LSAT MULTIPLE-CHOICE QUESTION TYPES READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

## Transcription

17 17 IfareasM,R,P,S,andWarereduced,thenthesupposition for the question holds and all of the conditions in the passage are met: M and R are both reduced, as supposed for this question. G is not reduced, so the first condition is not relevant. N is not reduced, so the second condition is not relevant. Explanation for Question 2 This question deals with an ordering relationship defined by a set of conditions concerning when seven piano students will perform. As an aid in visualizing this problem you can draw a simple diagram that shows the seven recital slots arranged in order from left to right. Student V is shown in the first slot, as specified by the supposition that V plays first : P is reduced and L is not reduced, so the third condition is satisfied. Exactly two of L, M, and R are reduced, so the fourth condition is satisfied. Thus, since P could be reduced without violating the conditions, answer choice can be ruled out. Furthermore, since P appears in the pair listed in answer choice, we can also see that answer choice is incorrect. This question was of moderate difficulty, based on the number of test takers who answered it correctly when it appeared on the LSAT. The most commonly selected incorrect answer choice was response. We can immediately fill in one of the empty slots in the diagram. The condition that V must play either immediately after or immediately before U plays tells us that U must occupy the second slot in the recital schedule. This is shown below: Passage for Questions 2 and 3 Seven piano students T, U, V, W, X, Y, and Z are to give a recital, and their instructor is deciding the order in which they will perform. Each student will play exactly one piece, a piano solo. In deciding the order of performance, the instructor must observe the following restrictions: X cannot play first or second. W cannot play until X has played. Neither T nor Y can play seventh. Either Y or Z must play immediately after W plays. V must play either immediately after or immediately before U plays. Since the question asks us what must be true, we can eliminate incorrect responses by showing that they could be false. Response is incorrect because the statement that T plays sixth is not necessarily true we can place T in one of the slots other than sixth and still meet all the conditions of the problem. One such recital schedule, with T playing third, is showninthediagrambelow: Question 2 If V plays first, which one of the following must be true? T plays sixth. X plays third. Z plays seventh. T plays immediately after Y. W plays immediately after X. This schedule can be derived as follows: 1. With V, U, and T in the first three positions, there are four positions left for W, X, Y, and Z. 2. W must come after X because of the condition that W cannot play until X has played so if X is fourth and W is fifth, this condition will be met. 3. This leaves two possible slots for Y and Z. Y cannot play seventh because of the condition that Neither T nor Y can play seventh. Suppose, then, that Y is sixth and Z is seventh.

18 18 A check will verify that this schedule meets the conditions of the problem, including the one that Either Y or Z must play immediately after W plays. The schedule shown in the diagram also demonstrates that responseisincorrect.init,xplaysfourth,soitisnotcorrect that the statement, X plays third, must be true. Response, Z plays seventh, is the credited response. We can show Z must be seventh by demonstrating that: This was a difficult question, based on the number of test takers who answered it correctly when it appeared on the LSAT. The most commonly selected incorrect answer choices were and. In answering this question, it is important to derive information not explicitly mentioned in the passage, such as that W cannot perform seventh. Question 3 all the conditions can be met with Z in the seventh slot, and If U plays third, what is the latest position in which Y can play? some of the conditions would be violated with Z in any slot other than seventh. To demonstrate that Z can play seventh, you can refer to the schedule that was developed for the discussion of response, above. In it, Z plays seventh, and the supposition given in the question and all the conditions in the passage are met. To demonstrate that Z cannot play in a slot other than seventh, we can attempt to find another student to play seventh. We already know that neither U nor V can play seventh. Hence, there are four remaining players: T, W, X, and Y. However, a review of the conditions shows that none of those players can play seventh: The third condition states that Neither T nor Y can play seventh. first second fifth sixth seventh Explanation for Question 3 This question involves the same original conditions as the previous problem, but it begins with an additional supposition: U plays third. You must determine what effect this supposition would have on the possible positions in which Y can appear in the recital schedule. The correct response is : Y can play as late as sixth. The diagram below shows a recital order that meets all the conditions and has Y performing in the sixth position: W can t play seventh, because there must be a slot following W s in order to meet the condition, Either Y or Z must play immediately after W plays. If W plays seventh, then there is no such slot left for Y or Z. For a similar reason X can t play seventh, because there must be a slot following X s in order to meet the condition, W cannot play until X has played. Since Z can play seventh and no other player can, then the statement that Z must play seventh is correct and is the credited response. Response is incorrect because it is not necessarily true that T plays immediately after Y. In our discussion of response, we developed a schedule in which T plays third and Y plays sixth, yet all conditions are satisfied. Response is incorrect because, as shown in the diagram below, it is not necessarily true that W plays immediately after X. This schedule is obtained by simply reversing the order of players W and Y in the schedule we developed in the analysis of response. A review will show that all of the suppositions given in the question and all the conditions in the passage are met by this schedule: One strategy for arriving at this solution is to work backward to see which position is the latest in which we can place Y and atthesametimeproducearecital schedule that meets all the conditions. Using that approach, we immediately see that Y cannot play as late as seventh, because of the condition that Neither T nor Y can play seventh. Backing up and placing Y sixth, we can begin to fill in the schedule, as follows: This schedule has five empty slots, into which we must fit players T, V, W, X, and Z. The following is a series of reasoning steps that can be used: 1. From our analysis of the previous question, we know that players T, W, and X cannot play seventh, but that Z can, so we can tentatively place Z in the seventh slot. 2. We also know that Either Y or Z must play immediately after W plays. If we place W in the fifth slot, this condition will be met.

19 19 3. By placing V in the second slot, we can meet the condition that V must play either immediately after or immediately before U plays. 4. We must place the remaining two players, T and X, in the two remaining slots, the first and the fourth. Because the first condition states that X cannot play first, we will place X in the fourth slot and T in the first. These positions will meet the conditions that apply to T and X: T will avoid playing seventh and X will play before W. 5. Since Y can play as late as sixth, response is the correct solution. This question was of middle difficulty, based on the number of test takers who answered it correctly when it appeared on the LSAT. Passage for Question 4 A charitable foundation awards grants in exactly four areas medical services, theater arts, wildlife preservation, and youth services each grant being in one of these areas. One or more grants are awarded in each of the four quarters of a calendar year. Additionally, over the course of a calendar year, the following must obtain: Grants are awarded in all four areas. No more than six grants are awarded. No grants in the same area are awarded in the same quarter or in consecutive quarters. Exactly two medical services grants are awarded. A wildlife preservation grant is awarded in the second quarter. Question 4 If a wildlife preservation grant and a youth services grant are awarded in the same quarter of a particular calendar year, then any of the following could be true that year EXCEPT: A medical services grant is awarded in the second quarter. A theater arts grant is awarded in the first quarter. A theater arts grant is awarded in the second quarter. A wildlife preservation grant is awarded in the fourth quarter. A youth services grant is awarded in the third quarter. Explanation for Question W The particular question here begins with the added supposition that a wildlife preservation grant and a youth services grant are awarded in the same quarter of a particular calendar year. One possible way this could be satisfied is to have a youth services grant awarded in the second quarter in addition to the wildlife grant awarded in that quarter: W Y Another possibility would be to have a wildlife preservation grant and a youth services grant both being awarded in some quarter other than the second quarter. Given the condition that [n]o grants in the same area are awarded in the same quarter or in consecutive quarters, the only quarter in which a wildlife preservation grant could be awarded in addition to the second quarter is the fourth quarter. So the only alternative way to satisfy the added supposition is if both a wildlife preservation grant and a youth services grant are awarded in the fourth quarter: W W Y So far, then, we ve determined that for this question there must be a youth services grant awarded in the second quarter or the fourth quarter. Each of the incorrect answer choices for this question is a statement that could be true. The question asks you to identify the exception; that is, you need to find the statement that cannot be true. The correct answer choice is, which states: A youth services grant is awarded in the third quarter. This could not be true without violating the third condition, which specifies that [n]o grants in the same area are awarded in the same quarter or in consecutive quarters. We saw above that a youth services grant must either be awarded in the second quarter or the fourth quarter. On either possibility, awarding a youth services grant in the third quarter would result in two consecutive quarters where the youth services grant is awarded: W Y Y This question deals with the awarding of grants during the quarters of a calendar year. As an aid in visualizing this problem, we can set up a simple table with columns representing the four quarters. Since the fifth condition in the passage states that [a] wildlife preservation grant is awarded in the second quarter, we know that all possible solutions for any question based on the passage must include a wildlife preservation grant awarded in the second quarter, which we can represent like this: or: W Y W Y

### ChangE. PolICIEs. not the ClIMatE!

ChangE PolICIEs not the ClIMatE! IPCC The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change s (IPCC) reports are the most comprehensive global overview to date of the science behind climate change. These climate

FACTS ABOUT CLIMATE CHANGE 1. What is climate change? Climate change is a long-term shift in the climate of a specific location, region or planet. The shift is measured by changes in features associated

### Effects of Climate Change on Public Water Suppliers

Effects of Climate Change on Public Water Suppliers Submitted by the Awwa Research Foundation (changing our name to Water Research Foundation effective January 1, 2009) While climate scientists do not

### climate science A SHORT GUIDE TO This is a short summary of a detailed discussion of climate change science.

A SHORT GUIDE TO climate science This is a short summary of a detailed discussion of climate change science. For more information and to view the full report, visit royalsociety.org/policy/climate-change

### 7 critical reading strategies and activities to do with students to encourage and develop critical reading ability

7 critical reading strategies and activities to do with students to encourage and develop critical reading ability This text has been adapted from and extends on a text written by Salisbury University

### TeachingEnglish Lesson plans

Worksheet 1: Taking notes What is climate change? To understand climate change, it s important to recognise the difference between weather and climate. Weather is the temperature, precipitation (rain,

### Keeping below 2 degrees

Keeping below 2 degrees Avoiding dangerous climate change It is widely recognised that if the worst impacts of climate change are to be avoided then the average rise in the surface temperature of the Earth

### Understanding Global Warming. Paul Kushner Department of Physics, University of Toronto. Oraynu Centre February 21, 2008

Understanding Global Warming Paul Kushner Department of Physics, University of Toronto Oraynu Centre February 21, 2008 Outline Starting Points What Sets the Earth s Thermostat? Global Warming and Climate

### degrees Fahrenheit. Scientists believe it's human activity that's driving the temperatures up, a process

Global Warming For 2.5 million years, the earth's climate has fluctuated, cycling from ice ages to warmer periods. But in the last century, the planet's temperature has risen unusually fast, about 1.2

### THE MORTGAGE INTEREST DEDUCTION Frequently Asked Questions

THE MORTGAGE INTEREST DEDUCTION Frequently Asked Questions Prepared by the National Low Income Housing Coalition Updated April 2013 Owning one s home is a strong American value. Most Americans consider

### Jessica Blunden, Ph.D., Scientist, ERT Inc., Climate Monitoring Branch, NOAA s National Climatic Data Center

Kathryn Sullivan, Ph.D, Acting Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere and NOAA Administrator Thomas R. Karl, L.H.D., Director,, and Chair of the Subcommittee on Global Change Research Jessica

### Teacher s Guide For. Glaciers and Ice Caps The Melting

Teacher s Guide For Glaciers and Ice Caps The Melting For grade 7 - College Program produced by Centre Communications, Inc. for Ambrose Video Publishing, Inc. Executive Producer William V. Ambrose Teacher's

### Climate Change Long Term Trends and their Implications for Emergency Management August 2011

Climate Change Long Term Trends and their Implications for Emergency Management August 2011 Overview A significant amount of existing research indicates that the world s climate is changing. Emergency

### The Impact of Climate Change on Canadian Municipalities and Infrastructure

The Impact of Climate Change on Canadian Municipalities and Infrastructure Toronto s record-breaking rainfall in July 2013 occurred less than a week after Calgary lifted a state of emergency following

### A CONTENT STANDARD IS NOT MET UNLESS APPLICABLE CHARACTERISTICS OF SCIENCE ARE ALSO ADDRESSED AT THE SAME TIME.

Environmental Science Curriculum The Georgia Performance Standards are designed to provide students with the knowledge and skills for proficiency in science. The Project 2061 s Benchmarks for Science Literacy

### How We Know Global Warming is Real The science behind human-induced climate change Tapio Schneider

How We Know Global Warming is Real The science behind human-induced climate change Tapio Schneider Atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations are higher today than at any time in at least the past 650,000

### Values Go to School. Exploring Ethics with Children. Booklet prepared by The Child Development Institute, Sarah Lawrence College, Bronxville, NY 10708

Values Go to School Booklet prepared by The Child Development Institute, Sarah Lawrence College, Bronxville, NY 10708 The Child Development Institute was established in 1987 to develop outreach programs

### Climate Change: A Theme to Teach Across the Science Disciplines

Climate Change: A Theme to Teach Across the Science Disciplines Sunshine State Stards & Benchmarks that Help Students Underst Climate Change K-2 Compare describe changing patterns in nature that repeat

### The atmosphere has a number of gases, often in tiny amounts, which trap the heat given out by the Earth.

The Earth is wrapped in a blanket of air called the atmosphere, which is made up of several layers of gases. The sun is much hotter than the Earth and it gives off rays of heat (radiation) that travel

### Statement by Dean Baker, Co-Director of the Center for Economic and Policy Research (www.cepr.net)

Statement by Dean Baker, Co-Director of the Center for Economic and Policy Research (www.cepr.net) Before the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission, hearing on China and the Future of Globalization.

### Three Investment Risks

Three Investment Risks Just ask yourself, which of the following risks is the most important risk to you. Then, which order would you place them in terms of importance. A. A significant and prolonged fall

### Understanding weather and climate

Understanding weather and climate Weather can have a big impact on our day-to-day lives. On longer timescales, climate influences where and how people live and the lifecycles of plants and animals. Evidence

### The Science of Climate Change: Evidence, Examples, and Avoiding the Worst. Dr. Jeff Lewis

The Science of Climate Change: Evidence, Examples, and Avoiding the Worst Dr. Jeff Lewis Jeff.Lewis@viu.ca Outline Overwhelming burden of evidence Main driving forces of climate change Examples of present

### Climate change. Jenny Byrne and Marcus Grace

Climate change Jenny Byrne and Marcus Grace Aims for today To discuss the implications for teaching and learning about climate change by exploring some common misconceptions and myths associated with climate

### It ain t what you do, it s

It ain t what you do, it s In this article, David Harris looks at the importance of verbs, both in the syllabus and in exam questions, and discusses how students should approach exam questions in order

### Science, and Technical Subjects. History/Social Studies, Literacy in STANDARDS FOR

STANDARDS FOR Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects 6 12 College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for Reading The grades 6 12 standards on the following pages define

### The weather effects everyday life. On a daily basis it can affect choices we make about whether to walk or take the car, what clothes we wear and

Weather can have a big impact on our day-to-day lives. On longer timescales, climate influences where and how people live and the lifecycles of plants and animals. Evidence shows us that our climate is

### I can build a model to simulate parts of the water cycle. I will be able to recognize and explain the essential elements of the water cycle.

The Water Cycle I can build a model to simulate parts of the water cycle. I will be able to recognize and explain the essential elements of the water cycle. Background Water, in its different forms, cycles

### WRITING ACROSS THE CURRICULUM Writing about Film

WRITING ACROSS THE CURRICULUM Writing about Film From movie reviews, to film history, to criticism, to technical analysis of cinematic technique, writing is one of the best ways to respond to film. Writing

### Standards A complete list of the standards covered by this lesson is included in the Appendix at the end of the lesson.

Lesson 3: Albedo Time: approximately 40-50 minutes, plus 30 minutes for students to paint pop bottles Materials: Text: Albedo (from web site 1 per group) Small thermometers, at least 0ºC to 100ºC range

### Computer climate models are the heart of the problem of global warming predictions.

COMPUTER CLIMATE MODELS Computer climate models are the heart of the problem of global warming predictions. By Dr. Timothy Ball Abstract Entire global energy and climate policies are based on the Reports

### Data Sets of Climate Science

The 5 Most Important Data Sets of Climate Science Photo: S. Rahmstorf This presentation was prepared on the occasion of the Arctic Expedition for Climate Action, July 2008. Author: Stefan Rahmstorf, Professor

### Research Background: Teacher Copy, Level 4

The Arctic is Melting So What? Featured scientists: James Screen from University of Exeter, Clara Deser from National Center for Atmospheric Research, and Lantao Sun from University of Colorado at Boulder.

### Science and the Search for Meaning Peter Morales

Science, Technology, and Religion VII Science and the Search for Meaning Peter Morales We affirm and promote a free and responsible search for truth and meaning. This simple proposition, which could serve

### Connections to the Common Core State Standards for Literacy in Middle and High School Science

Connections to the Common Core State Standards for Literacy in Middle and High School Science This document is based on the Connections to the Common Core State Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical

### Related guides: 'Planning and Conducting a Dissertation Research Project'.

Learning Enhancement Team Writing a Dissertation This Study Guide addresses the task of writing a dissertation. It aims to help you to feel confident in the construction of this extended piece of writing,

### CEQ Draft Guidance for GHG Emissions and the Effects of Climate Change Committee on Natural Resources 13 May 2015

CEQ Draft Guidance for GHG Emissions and the Effects of Climate Change Committee on Natural Resources 13 May 2015 Testimony of John R. Christy University of Alabama in Huntsville. I am John R. Christy,

### IPCC Fourth Assessment Report Synthesis Report

1 IPCC Fourth Assessment Report Synthesis Report Dr. R K Pachauri Chairman Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Press Presentation Saturday, 17 November 2007 Valencia, Spain Vision of UN Secretary-General

### Arguments and Dialogues

ONE Arguments and Dialogues The three goals of critical argumentation are to identify, analyze, and evaluate arguments. The term argument is used in a special sense, referring to the giving of reasons

### Finding Ways to Postpone Climate Tipping Points Using Updated Metrics

Finding Ways to Postpone Climate Tipping Points Using Updated Metrics Tobias Schultz, Manager of Environmental Sustainability Services Sustainable Silicon Valley Meet-Up July 7, 2015 SCS Global Services

### Climate Change Scepticism: KS3. A guide for Teachers

Climate Change Scepticism: KS3 A guide for Teachers This booklet will act as your guide to the Climate Change Scepticism activities. It will help you to understand why this is an important topic to address

### Thermal Expansion and Sea Level Rise

Thermal Expansion and Sea Level Rise A demonstration or group activity directed at grade levels 5 9 Activity Summary: This activity provides an opportunity for students to investigate how thermal expansion

### Office of Climate Change, Energy Efficiency and Emissions Trading. Business Plan

Office of Climate Change, Energy Efficiency and Emissions Trading Business Plan April 1, 2011 - March 31, 2014 Table of Contents Message from the Premier...3 1.0 OVERVIEW...4 2.0 MANDATE...5 3.0 LINES

### Introduction: Reading and writing; talking and thinking

Introduction: Reading and writing; talking and thinking We begin, not with reading, writing or reasoning, but with talk, which is a more complicated business than most people realize. Of course, being

### Seven Challenges of Implementing a Content Management System. An Author-it White Paper

Seven Challenges of Implementing a Content Management System An Author-it White Paper P a g e 2 Contents The Seven Challenges of Implementing a Content Management System 1 Challenge #1: Control & Management.....3

### Study Guide for the Middle School Science Test

Study Guide for the Middle School Science Test A PUBLICATION OF ETS Copyright 2008 by Educational Testing Service EDUCATIONAL TESTING SERVICE, ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING., LEARNING., LEADING., and GRE,

### Joint Recommendation Concerning Provisions on the Protection of Well-Known Marks. adopted by

833(E) Joint Recommendation Concerning Provisions on the Protection of Well-Known Marks adopted by the Assembly of the Paris Union for the Protection of Industrial Property and the General Assembly of

### The Polar Climate Zones

The Polar Climate Zones How cold is it in the polar climate? Polar areas are the coldest of all the major climate zones The Sun is hardly ever high enough in the sky to cause the plentiful ice to melt,

### A Message From The Chair

Web Version Update preferences Unsubscribe Like Tweet Forward A Message From The Chair It s a big year for small islands. As we work to conclude our regional preparations for the Third International Conference

### The Ice Age By: Sue Peterson

www.k5learning.com Objective sight words (pulses, intermittent, isotopes, chronicle, methane, tectonic plates, volcanism, configurations, land-locked, erratic); concepts (geological evidence and specific

### The Skeptical Environmentalist after Copenhagen Getting smart about global warming

The Skeptical Environmentalist after Copenhagen Getting smart about global warming Bjørn Lomborg www.lomborg.com Making a better world Rational, not fashionable Doing good vs. feeling good Remove our myths

### G u i d e l i n e s f o r K12 Global C l i m a t e Change Education

G u i d e l i n e s f o r K12 Global C l i m a t e Change Education Adapted by: by the National Wildlife Federation from the Environmental Education Guidelines for Excellence of the North American Association

### Frege s theory of sense

Frege s theory of sense Jeff Speaks August 25, 2011 1. Three arguments that there must be more to meaning than reference... 1 1.1. Frege s puzzle about identity sentences 1.2. Understanding and knowledge

### GETTING TO THE CORE: THE LINK BETWEEN TEMPERATURE AND CARBON DIOXIDE

DESCRIPTION This lesson plan gives students first-hand experience in analyzing the link between atmospheric temperatures and carbon dioxide ( ) s by looking at ice core data spanning hundreds of thousands

### Chapter 6 Impacts of global warming

Chapter 6 Impacts of global warming Introduction This chapter compromises a set of activities, which focus on the reasons for and the consequences of global warming and ways of preventing it. The activities

### Gift Annuity Risk Analysis Options

Gift Annuity Risk Analysis Options It should come as no surprise that charitable gift annuities feature a measure of risk. Nevertheless, a charity can take steps to maximize the likelihood its gift annuity

### GUZZLER S VISIT TO SCHOOL: MEASURING AND SAVING ENERGY

Equipment: Access to electricity meter Access to gas meter Suggested Class Level: 4th - 6th Preparation: Background information: ENERGY AND ITS DIFFERENT FORMS: Nothing can happen without energy. Energy

### Chapter 3 Entrepreneurs: Key Characteristics and Skills. Are All Entrepreneurs Alike? Do What You Love

Chapter 3 Entrepreneurs: Key Characteristics and Skills Are All Entrepreneurs Alike? While entrepreneurs have in common certain characteristics and skills, there is a wide range of individuality among

### JAMAICA THE HON MR JUSTICE MORRISON JA THE HON MR JUSTICE BROOKS JA THE HON MS JUSTICE LAWRENCE-BESWICK JA (AG) BETWEEN GODFREY THOMPSON APPELLANT

[2014] JMCA Civ 37 JAMAICA IN THE COURT OF APPEAL SUPREME COURT CIVIL APPEAL NO 41/2007 BEFORE: THE HON MR JUSTICE MORRISON JA THE HON MR JUSTICE BROOKS JA THE HON MS JUSTICE LAWRENCE-BESWICK JA (AG) BETWEEN

### Fry Instant Word List

First 100 Instant Words the had out than of by many first and words then water a but them been to not these called in what so who is all some oil you were her sit that we would now it when make find he

### IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF HAWAII. J. MICHAEL SEABRIGHT United States District Judge

IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF HAWAII August 8, 2011 J. MICHAEL SEABRIGHT United States District Judge GENERAL FEDERAL JURY INSTRUCTIONS IN CIVIL CASES INDEX 1 DUTY OF JUDGE 2

### Argument Mapping 2: Claims and Reasons

#2 Claims and Reasons 1 Argument Mapping 2: Claims and Reasons We ll start with the very basics here, so be patient. It becomes far more challenging when we apply these basic rules to real arguments, as

### The Perils of Parodies. by Sharon Groom

The Perils of Parodies by Sharon Groom The Perils of Parodies by Sharon Groom Imitation may be the sincerest form of flattery, but parodies are imitations with a twist and not all the parties being imitated

### Document Production: Visual or Logical?

Document Production: Visual or Logical? Leslie Lamport 24 February 1987 The Choice Document production systems convert the user s input his keystrokes and mouse clicks into a printed document. There are

### Civil Procedures : Some Comparisons

Civil Procedures : Some Comparisons Judicial Conference of Australia Inc., Third Annual Colloquium, The Courts and the Future Gold Coast, Qld, November 1998 Preliminary: For the purpose of comparison with

### ELA I-II English Language Arts Performance Level Descriptors

Limited ELA I-II English Language Arts Performance Level Descriptors A student performing at the Limited Level demonstrates a minimal command of Ohio s Learning Standards for ELA I-II English Language

### Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2014 Montessori Model United Nations Conference.

Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2014 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. The following pages intend to guide you in the research of the topics that will be debated at MMUN

### Fourteenth Meeting of the IMF Committee on Balance of Payments Statistics Tokyo, Japan, October 24-26, 2001

BOMCOM-01/22 Fourteenth Meeting of the IMF Committee on Balance of Payments Statistics Tokyo, Japan, October 24-26, 2001 Mutual Funds and Fund of Funds : Portfolio Investment or Direct Investment? Prepared

### Proposal Writing: The Business of Science By Wendy Sanders

Proposal Writing: The Business of Science By Wendy Sanders The NIH System of Review The NIH has a dual system of review. The first (and most important) level of review is carried out by a designated study

### Fry Instant Words High Frequency Words

Fry Instant Words High Frequency Words The Fry list of 600 words are the most frequently used words for reading and writing. The words are listed in rank order. First Hundred Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group

### Role Preparation. Preparing for a Mock Trial

Criminal Law Mock Trial: Role Preparation This package contains: PAGE Preparing for a Mock Trial 1 Time Chart 2 Etiquette 3-4 Role Preparation for: Crown and Defence Lawyers 5-7 Judge and Jury 8 Court

### Investing in shares became all the rage during the late 1990s. Everyone

In This Chapter Knowing the essentials Doing your own research Recognising winners Exploring investment strategies Chapter 1 Exploring the Basics Investing in shares became all the rage during the late

### A Lay Person's Guide to DELGAMUUKW. decision in the Delgamuukw case in. does exist in British Columbia, that it s DELGAMUUKW

BC Treaty Commission DELGAMUUKW A Lay Person's Guide to DELGAMUUKW The Supreme Court of Canada interests and allow time for the negotiations to unfold and the new rela- decision in the Delgamuukw case

### City of Cambridge Climate Protection Action Committee. Recommendations for Adaptation to Climate Change. Purpose

City of Cambridge Climate Protection Action Committee Recommendations for Adaptation to Climate Change Purpose The Climate Protection Action Committee (CPAC) is an advisory body to the City Manager on

### How Does Melting Ice Affect Sea Level?

Environmental Literacy Framework How Does Melting Ice Affect Focus Questions: If floating ice (ice shelves and sea ice) melts, will sea levels around the world rise? If land-based ice (glaciers and ice

### WHEREAS environmental stewardship is one of the City of Santa Monica s core

City Council Meeting October 11 2011 Santa Monica California RESOLUTION NUMBER jotp 2 1 CCS City Council Series A RESOLUTION OF THE CITY COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF SANTA MONICA IN SUPPORT OF REDUCING GREENHOUSE

Written by Russ Christianson EXECUTIVE SUMMARY TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0 THE CONCEPT: VISION, MISSION, PURPOSE AND VALUES 2.0 MEASURABLE OBJECTIVES 3.0 SITUATIONAL ANALYSIS 3.1 The Co-operative Environment

### What is climate change? Global climate change. What is climate change? Glaciers and deserts. This winter was really cold!

What is climate change? This winter was really cold! Global climate change Temp difference ( C): Jan 2004 vs. Jan 2002-2003 Make your own maps at: http://www.giss.nasa.gov/data/update/gistemp/maps/ What

### Science Competencies That Go Unassessed

Science Penny J. Gilmer Danielle M. Sherdan Albert Oosterhof Faranak Rohani Aaron Rouby May 2011 Center for Advancement of Learning and Assessment Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL www.cala.fsu.edu

### Federation of Law Societies of Canada

Submission to the Standing Committee on Public Safety and National Security in respect of Bill C-44, An Act to Amend the Canadian Security Intelligence Service Act and other Acts Federation of Law Societies

### PUSD High Frequency Word List

PUSD High Frequency Word List For Reading and Spelling Grades K-5 High Frequency or instant words are important because: 1. You can t read a sentence or a paragraph without knowing at least the most common.

### A Changing Climate; Should Britain Worry Now?

A Changing Climate; Should Britain Worry Now? Rachel White, Research Associate in Atmospheric Physics, Imperial College London Climate change presents an immediate and imposing threat to many on this planet.

### Decision of Technical Board of Appeal 3.5.1 dated 21 April 2004 T 258/03-3.5.1

ET0258.03-042040020 1 Decision of Technical Board of Appeal 3.5.1 dated 21 April 2004 T 258/03-3.5.1 (Language of the proceedings) Composition of the Board: Chairman: Members: S. V. Steinbrener R. S. Wibergh

### How does the problem of relativity relate to Thomas Kuhn s concept of paradigm?

How does the problem of relativity relate to Thomas Kuhn s concept of paradigm? Eli Bjørhusdal After having published The Structure of Scientific Revolutions in 1962, Kuhn was much criticised for the use

### The Science and Ethics of Global warming. Global warming has become one of the central political and scientific issues of

The Science and Ethics of Global warming Global warming has become one of the central political and scientific issues of our time. It holds a fascination for scientists because of the tremendous complexity

### Fresh thinking on risk: FastFastForward. Thank you!

Fresh thinking on risk: FastFastForward Thank you! You ve just accessed a PDF on Fast Fast Forward, XL Group s online platform for sharing news, commentary, and ideas about business challenges. Here, we

### ISRE 2400 (Revised), Engagements to Review Historical Financial Statements

International Auditing and Assurance Standards Board Exposure Draft January 2011 Comments requested by May 20, 2011 Proposed International Standard on Review Engagements ISRE 2400 (Revised), Engagements

### Whether you re new to trading or an experienced investor, listed stock

Chapter 1 Options Trading and Investing In This Chapter Developing an appreciation for options Using option analysis with any market approach Focusing on limiting risk Capitalizing on advanced techniques

### Organizing an essay the basics 2. Cause and effect essay (shorter version) 3. Compare/contrast essay (shorter version) 4

Organizing an essay the basics 2 Cause and effect essay (shorter version) 3 Compare/contrast essay (shorter version) 4 Exemplification (one version) 5 Argumentation (shorter version) 6-7 Support Go from

### Subject area: Ethics. Injustice causes revolt. Discuss.

Subject area: Ethics Title: Injustice causes revolt. Discuss. 1 Injustice causes revolt. Discuss. When we explain phenomena we rely on the assertion of facts. The sun rises because the earth turns on its

### The word Socratic comes from the name Socrates (ca B.C.), a Classical Greek philosopher who developed a Theory of Knowledge.

1 The Socratic Circle What does Socratic mean? The word Socratic comes from the name Socrates (ca. 470-399 B.C.), a Classical Greek philosopher who developed a Theory of Knowledge. What was Socrates' Theory

### Alternative Sources of Energy

Amy Dewees MISEP Chohort 1 Capstone: Pedagogy Section Alternative Sources of Energy Unit Description and Rational: This is a unit designed using Understanding by Design, an approach developed by Wiggins

### Comments on the Draft Report by the California Council on Science and Technology Health Impacts of Radio Frequency from Smart Meters

Comments on the Draft Report by the California Council on Science and Technology Health Impacts of Radio Frequency from Smart Meters by Daniel Hirsch 1 31 January 2011 Abstract The draft report by the

### 6 th Grade Science Mini Assessment #4

Multiple Choice Directions: Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Why does precipitation occur more often near the equator than near the poles? A. Colder air

### The Greenhouse Effect

The Greenhouse Effect The Sun, which is the Earth's only external form of heat, emits solar radiation mainly in the form of visible and ultraviolet (UV) radiation. As this radiation travels toward the

### CEEP OPINION ON THE TRANSATLANTIC TRADE

Brussels, 12 June 2014 Opinion.05 CEEP OPINION ON THE TRANSATLANTIC TRADE AND INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIP (TTIP) Executive Summary Focus 1: The respect of the EU Treaty Principle and EU political balance on